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Neutrosophic Statistics
2021 Mohammed Albassam
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2021 Madeleine Al-Tahan; F. Smarandache; Bijan Davvaz
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Starting with a partial order on a NeutroAlgebra, we get a NeutroStructure. The latter if it satisfies the conditions of NeutroOrder, it becomes a NeutroOrderedAlgebra. In this paper, we apply our new defined notion to semigroups by studying NeutroOrderedSemigroups. More precisely, we define some related terms like NeutrosOrderedSemigroup, NeutroOrderedIdeal, NeutroOrderedFilter, NeutroOrderedHomomorphism, etc., illustrate them via some examples, and study some of their properties.
Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2021 Madeleine Al-Tahan
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In this talk, we firstly review some basic concepts related to neutrosophy. Also, we discuss NeutroAlgebra. Next, we present some of our results related to our new defined concept NeutroOrderedAlgebra and compare it to the well known concept of Ordered Algebra. Finally, we leave with some questions that open new research options in this field.
Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2021 Nasrullah Khan; Muhammad Aslam; P. Jeyadurga; S. Balamurali
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2021 Ali Hussein Al-Marshadi; Ambreen Shafqat; Muhammad Aslam; Abdullah Alharbey
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Journals
2021 A. Rezaei; F. Smarandache; S. Mirvakili
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In this paper, we extend the notion of semi-hypergroups (resp. hypergroups) to neutro-semihypergroups (resp. neutrohypergroups). We investigate the property of anti-semihypergroups (resp. anti-hypergroups). We also give a new alternative of neutro-hyperoperations (resp. anti-hyperoperations), neutro-hyperoperation-sophications (resp. anti-hypersophications). Moreover, we show that these new concepts are different from classical concepts by several examples.
Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2021 Rehan Ahmad Khan Sherwan; Mishal Naeem; Muhammad Aslam; Muhammad Ali Raza; Muhammad Abid; Shumaila Abbas
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Journals
2021 Diego Silva JimÈnez; Juan Alexis Valenzuela Mayorga; Mara Esther Roja Ubilla
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In any science, a classical Theorem, defined on a given space, is a statement that is 100% true (i.e. true for all elements of the space). To prove that a classical theorem is false, it is sufficient to get a single counter-example where the statement is false. Therefore, the classical sciences do not leave room for partial truth of a theorem (or a statement). But, in our world and in our everyday life, we have many more examples of statements that are only partially true, than statements that...
Journals
2021 Madeleine Al-Tahan; Bijan Davvaz; Florentin Smarandache
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Neutrosophy, the study of neutralities, is a new branch of Philosophy that has applications in many different fields of science. Inspired by the idea of Neutrosophy, Smarandache introduced NeutroAlgebraicStructures (or NeutroAlgebras) by allowing the partiality and indeterminacy to be included in the structuresí operations and/or axioms. The aim of this paper is to combine the concept of Neutrosophy with hyperstructures theory. In this regard, we introduce NeutroSemihypergroups as well as...
Journals
2021 F. Smarandache; A. Rezaei; S. Mirvakilii
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As generalizations and alternatives of classical algebraic structures Florentin Smarandache has introduced in 2019 the NeutroAlgebraic structures (or NeutroAlgebras) and AntiAlgebraic structures (or AntiAlgebras). Unlike the classical algebraic structures, where all operations are well-defined and all axioms are totally true, in NeutroAlgebras and AntiAlgebras the operations may be partially well-defined and the axioms partially true or respectively totally outerdefined and the axioms totally...
Neutrosophic Statistics
2021 Muhammad Aslam; Ambreen Shafqat; Mohammed Albassam; Jean-Claude Malela-Majika; Sandile C. Shongwe
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2020 M.A. Ibrahim; A.A.A. Agboola
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NeutroSophication and AntiSophication are processes through which NeutroAlgebraic and AntiAlgebraic structures can be generated from any classical structures.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Ahmed Ibrahim Shawky; Muhammad Aslam; Khushnoor Khan
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2020 Mohammad Hamidi; Florentin Smarandache
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This paper introduces the novel concept of Neutro-BCK-algebra. In Neutro-BCK-algebra, the outcome of any given two elements under an underlying operation (neutro-sophication procedure) has three cases, such as: appurtenance, non-appurtenance, or indeterminate. While for an axiom: equal, non-equal, or indeterminate. This study investigates the Neutro-BCK-algebra and shows that Neutro-BCK-algebra are different from BCKalgebra.
Journals
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In any science, a classical Theorem, defined on a given space, is a statement that is 100% true (i.e. true for all elements of the space). To prove that a classical theorem is false, it is sufficient to get a single counter-example where the statement is false. Therefore, the classical sciences do not leave room for partial truth of a theorem (or a statement). But, in our world and in our everyday life, we have many more examples of statements that are only partially true, than statements that...
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Murat Kirisci; Necip Simsek
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We recall and improve our 2019 concepts of n-Power Set of a Set, n-SuperHyperGraph, Plithogenic n-SuperHyperGraph, and n-ary HyperAlgebra, n-ary NeutroHyperAlgebra, n-ary AntiHyperAlgebra respectively, and we present several properties and examples connected with the real world.
Journals
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In all classical algebraic structures, the Axioms (Associativity, Commutativity, etc.) defined on a set are totally true, but it is again a restrictive case, because similarly there are numerous situations in science and in any domain of knowledge when an Axiom defined on a set may be only partially-true (and partially-false), that we call NeutroAxiom, or totally false that we call AntiAxiom. Therefore, we open for the first time in 2019 new fields of research called NeutroStructures and...
Journals
2020 A.A.A. Agboola
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The objective of this paper is to formally present the concept of NeutroGroups by considering three NeutroAxioms (NeutroAssociativity, existence of NeutroNeutral element and existence of NeutroInverse element). Several interesting results and examples of NeutroGroups, NeutroSubgroups, NeutroCyclicGroups, NeutroQuotientGroups and NeutroGroupHomomorphisms are presented.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam
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2020 Florentin Smarandache
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In this paper we recall, improve, and extend several definitions, properties and applications of our previous 2019 research referred to NeutroAlgebras and AntiAlgebras, also called NeutroAlgebraic Structures and respectively AntiAlgebraic Structures
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By his theory of relativity Albert Einstein has provoked a revolution of thought in physical science. The achievement consists essentially in this:�Einstein has succeeded in separating far more completely than hitherto the share of the observer and the share of external nature in the things we see happen. The perception of an object by an observer depends on his own situation and circumstances; for example, distance will make it appear smaller and dimmer. We make allowance for this almost...
Topics: Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics�, Fundamental Astronomy and Astrophysics, Instrumentation,...
Source: http://www.flooved.com/reader/3122
Journals
2020 Elahe Mohammadzadeh; Akbar Rezaei
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In this paper, we introduce the notion of commutator of two elements in a specific NeutroGroup. Then we define the notion of a NeutroNilpotentGroup and we study some of their properties. Moreover, we show that the intersection of two NeutroNilpotentGroups is a NeutroNilpotentGroup. Also, we show that the quotient of a NeutroNilpotentGroup is a NeutroNilpotentGroup. Specially, using NeutroHomomorphism we prove the NeutroNilpotentcy is closed with respect to homomorphic image.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam; Mohammed Albassam
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Journals
2020 A.A.A. Agboola
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In this paper, we are going to study a class of NeutroGroups of type-NG[1,2,4]. In this class of NeutroGroups, the closure law, the axiom of associativity and existence of inverse are taking to be either partially true or partially false for some elements; while the existence of identity element and axiom of commutativity are taking to be totally true for all the elements.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam; Osama H. Arif; Rehan Ahmad Khan Sherwani
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam; Mansour Sattam Aldosari
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Journals
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The objective of this paper is to examine NeutroAlgebras and AntiAlgebras viz-a-viz the classical number systems.
Neutrosophic Statistics
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In this paper we present the development from paradoxism to neutrosophy, which gave birth to neutrosophic set and logic and especially to NeutroAlgebraic Structures (or NeutroAlgebras) and AntiAlgebraic Structures (or AntiAlgebras) that are generalizations and alternatives of the classical algebraic structures.
Journals
2020 Florentin Smarandache; Akbar Rezaei; Hee Sik Kim
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In this paper, as an extension of CI-algebras, we discuss the new notions of Neutro-CI-algebras and Anti-CI-algebras. First, some examples are given to show that these definitions are different. We prove that any proper CI-algebra is a Neutro-BE-algebra or Anti-BE-algebra. Also, we show that any NeutroSelf-distributive and AntiCommutative CIalgebras are not BE-algebras.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam; Osama H. Arif; Rehan Ahmad Khan Sherwani
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam; Abdulmohsen Al-Shareef; Khushnoor Khan
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 A.A. Salama; M. Elsayed Wahed; Eman Yousif
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Journals
2020 A.A.A. Agboola
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The objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of NeutroRings by considering three NeutroAxioms (NeutroAbelianGroup (additive), NeutroSemigroup (multiplicative) and NeutroDistributivity (multiplication over addition)). Several interesting results and examples on NeutroRings, NeutroSubgrings, NeutroIdeals, NeutroQuotientRings and NeutroRingHomomorphisms are presented. It is shown that the 1st isomorphism theorem of the classical rings holds in the class of NeutroRings.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Carlos N. Bouza-Herrera; Mir Subzar
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2020 A.A.A. Agboola
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NeutroRings are alternatives to the classical rings and they are of different types. NeutroRings in some cases exhibit different algebraic properties, and in some cases they exhibit algebraic properties similar to the classical rings. The objective of this paper is to revisit the concept of NeutroRings and study finite and infinite NeutroRings of type-NR.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Ishmal Shahzadi; Muhammad Aslam; Hussain Aslam
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Muhammad Aslam; Osama H. Arif
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Journals
2020 A.A.A. Agboola
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The notion of AntiGroups is formally presented in this paper. A particular class of AntiGroups of type-AG[4] is studied with several examples and basic properties presented. In AntiGroups of type-AG[4], the existence of an inverse is taking to be totally false for all the elements while the closure law, the existence of identity element, the axioms of associativity and commutativity are taking to be either partially true, partially indeterminate or partially false for some elements
Neutrosophic Statistics
2020 Mohammed Albassam; Nasrullah Khan,Muhammad Aslam
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2020 Akbar Rezaei; Florentin Smarandache
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In this paper, the concepts of Neutro-algebra and Anti-algebra are introduced, and some related properties and four theoremsare investigated. We show that the classes of Neutro-algebra and Anti-algebras are alternatives of the class of algebras.
Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Aslam; Saminathan Balamurali; Jeyadurga Periyasamypandian; Ali Hussein Al-Marshadi
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Kashif; Hafiza Nida; Muhammad Imran Khan; Muhammad Aslam
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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In all classical algebraic structures, the Laws of Compositions on a given set are well-defined. But this is a restrictive case, because there are many more situations in science and in any domain of knowledge when a law of composition defined on a set may be only partially-defined (or partially true) and partially-undefined (or partially false), that we call NeutroDefined, or totally undefined (totally false) that we call AntiDefined.
Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Aslam; P. Jeyadurga; Saminathan Balamurali; Ali Hussein Al-Marshadi
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Aslam; Rashad A. R. Bantan; Nasrullah Khan
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Aslam; Osama Hasan Arif
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Aslam; P. Jeyadurga; Saminathan Balamurali; Ali Hussein Al-Marshadi
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2019 Muhammad Aslam; Rashad A. R. Bantan; Nasrullah Khan
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2018 Deepesh Kunwar; Jayant Singh; Florentin Smarandache
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2018 Deepesh Kunwar; Jayant Singh; Florentin Smarandache
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2018 Muhammad Zahir Khan; Muhammad Farid Khan; Muhammad Aslam; Seyed Taghi Akhavan Niaki; Abdur Razzaque Mughal
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
2018 Muhammad Aslam; Nasrullah Khan; Mohammed Albassam
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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Neutrosophic Statistics
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PubMed Central
Sep 22, 2014 Dodd, Jodie M; O'Brien, Cecelia; Grivell, Rosalie M
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This article is from BMC Medicine , volume 12 . Abstract Pre-eclampsia is a common pregnancy related condition, which contributes significantly both to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The precise pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia is uncertain, and the development of effective preventive strategies remains elusive.Schoenaker and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies reporting dietary intake and dietary patterns. The findings indicated...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171580
PubMed Central
Sep 19, 2014 Guthikonda, Kranthi; Zhang, Hongmei; Nolan, Vikki G; Soto-Ramirez, Nelis; Ziyab, Ali H; Ewart, Susan; Arshad, Hasan S; Patil, Veeresh; Holloway, John W; Lockett, Gabrielle A; Karmaus, Wilfried
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This article is from Clinical Epigenetics , volume 6 . Abstract Background: The prevalence of asthma in girls increases after puberty. Previous studies have detected associations between sex hormones and asthma, as well as between sex hormones and T helper 2 (Th2) asthma-typical immune responses. Therefore, we hypothesized that exogenous or endogenous sex hormone exposure (represented by oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use and early menarche, respectively) are associated with DNA methylation...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171400
PubMed Central
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This article is from Carbon Balance and Management , volume 9 . Abstract Background: Land use and land cover change occurring in tropical forest landscapes contributes substantially to carbon emissions. Better insights into the spatial variation of aboveground biomass is therefore needed. By means of multiple statistical tests, including geographically weighted regression, we analysed the effects of eight variables on the regional spatial variation of aboveground biomass. North and East...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4168022
PubMed Central
Sep 19, 2014 Temraz, Sally; Mukherji, Deborah; Farhat, Zein Al Abideen; Nasr, Rami; Charafeddine, Maya; Shahait, Mohammed; Wehbe, Mohammad Rachad; Ghaida, Rami Abou; Gheida, Ibrahim Abu; Shamseddine, Ali
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This article is from BMC Urology , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Inflammation is a critical component of tumorigenesis, and many cancers arise from sites of infection, chronic irritation, and inflammation. Inflammatory cytokines triggered by tumors alter hematologic components, including neutrophil, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios have been shown to be valuable prognostic markers in various types of cancers, including bladder...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171398
PubMed Central
Sep 18, 2014 Asimakopoulos, Anastasios D; Miano, Roberto; Annino, Filippo; Micali, Salvatore; Spera, Enrico; Iorio, Beniamino; Vespasiani, Giuseppe; Gaston, Richard
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This article is from BMC Urology , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is the actual gold-standard for the treatment of clinically localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (cT1-2 with no indications for nephron-sparing surgery). Limited evidence is currently available on the role of robotics in the field of radical nephrectomy. The aim of the current study was to provide a systematic review of the current evidence on the role of robotic radical nephrectomy (RRN)...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171399
PubMed Central
Sep 18, 2014 Fey, Constanze; Thyroff-Friesinger, Ursula; Jones, Spencer
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This article is from Clinical and Translational Allergy , volume 4 . Abstract Montelukast is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for the prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma, acute prevention of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial allergic rhinitis. The aim of the study was to compare bioavailability, and characterise the pharmacokinetic profile and safety of Sandoz generic montelukast 4 mg oral granules relative...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4172315
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Health Services Research , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Research suggests that rehabilitation is beneficial for persons with Huntington’s disease (HD), but there is limited knowledge about participants’ experiences with residential rehabilitation programs. We therefore did a study to explore patients’, family caregivers’, and health professionals’ experiences with a group-based, residential rehabilitation program for individuals with early to mid-stage HD,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171563
PubMed Central
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This article is from BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , volume 15 . Abstract Background: Movement alterations are often reported in individuals with back pain. However the mechanisms behind these movement alterations are not well understood. A commonly cited mechanism is pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pain reduction, from oral analgesia, on lumbar kinematics in individuals with acute and chronic low back pain. Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, experimental...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171543
PubMed Central
Sep 16, 2014 Ng'anjo Phiri, Selia; Fylkesnes, Knut; Ruano, Ana Lorena; Moland, Karen Marie
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This article is from BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Maternal mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa. Health facility intra-partum strategies with skilled birth attendance have been shown to be most effective to address maternal mortality. In Zambia, the health policy for pregnant women is to have facility childbirth, but less than half of the women utilize the facilities for delivery. ‘Born before arrival’ (BBA) describes childbirth that occurs outside...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171557
PubMed Central
Sep 16, 2014 Katz, Itamar; Routh, Subrata; Bitran, Ricardo; Hulme, Alexandra; Avila, Carlos
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This article is from BMC Public Health , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Donor funding for HIV programs has flattened out in recent years, which limits the ability of HIV programs worldwide to achieve universal access and sustain current progress. This study examines alternative mechanisms for resource mobilization. Methods: Potential non-donor funding sources for national HIV responses in low- and middle-income countries were explored through literature review and Global Fund documentation,...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171544
PubMed Central
Sep 15, 2014 Verdegem, Dries; Moens, Stijn; Stapor, Peter; Carmeliet, Peter
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This article is from Cancer & Metabolism , volume 2 . Abstract The stromal vasculature in tumors is a vital conduit of nutrients and oxygen for cancer cells. To date, the vast majority of studies have focused on unraveling the genetic basis of vessel sprouting (also termed angiogenesis). In contrast to the widely studied changes in cancer cell metabolism, insight in the metabolic regulation of angiogenesis is only just emerging. These studies show that metabolic pathways in endothelial...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4171726