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Community Texts
May 8, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background: A woman's diet during pregnancy can significantly affect her health, as well as her child's future development and well-being . Aims: Our objective was to assess the nutrition knowledge and behavior of a sample of pregnant women . Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire among 100 pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Sidi-Bel-Abbes city (Algeria) from December 2019 to March 2020. Results: About 46% of women reported some changes...
Topics: Pregnancy, Nutrition, Behavior, Knowledge, Algeria.
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Background: Homemade complementary foods which are prepared from staples by the mothers or caregivers are mostly used in Africa including Benin. These foods are not adequately enriched and hygienic conditions are sometimes poor . Aims: The aim was to describe household production methods of infant flours and to estimate their macronutrient content in Benin . Methods: From August to October 2020, 20 mothers of children aged 6 to 11 months were selected in the municipalities of Covè and...
Topics: Infant flour, household production, nutrition, hygiene.
Community Texts
Apr 3, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder launched by gluten ingestion in genetically susceptible persons. This component leads to an inflammation of the small intestine which causes malabsorption of some important nutrients including calcium, iron, folic acid, and liposoluble vitamins. A gluten-free diet, that is strictly followed by affected patients throughout their whole lives, constitutes the unique effective treatment for celiac disease. Aims: Several gluten-free cereals,...
Topics: gluten-free products, alternative flours, celiac disease.
Community Texts
Mar 18, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background: Historically, malnutrition is described in individuals with SCD. However, more recent studies have shown a change in the profile of the nutritional status and distribution of body composition of SCD patients, mainly adult individuals . Aims: To assess the body composition (BC), resting energy expenditure (REE), and the biomarkers of hemolysis in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) . Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed with 64 individuals over...
Topics: sickle cell disease, body composition, fat mass, fat-free mass, energy expenditure, hemolysis.
Community Texts
Mar 15, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background : The COVID-19 pandemic deeply marked 2020 at different scales: socially, economically, and environmentally. Accordingly, several changes were observed at these different scales. Aims : This study aimed to highlight changes induced by COVID-19 lockdown on consumer behaviors and awareness related to food consumption and wastage during a celebration period, Ramadan in Tunisia. Methodology : An online survey on 317 respondents (71.6% women and 28.4% men) was carried out during the first...
Topics: COVID-19 Lockdown, Ramadan, consumer’s behavior, leftover, food waste.
Community Texts
Feb 27, 2022 NAJFNR
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Several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of ketogenic diet (KD) on refractory epilepsies, especially in children. In this category of patients, a strong collaboration between the healthcare providers and the full engagement of parents is required. The regimen is significantly effective for different types of epilepsy that are resistant to medical treatment. It can also be used as a first-line treatment, given its well tolerance. Treatment has been rolled out for children but research...
Topics: drug-resistant epilepsy, ketogenic diet, children, Modified Atkins Diet.
Community Texts
Jan 26, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background: Double burden of malnutrition reflects the co-existence of both under nutrition and obesity at individual, household or community levels. Aims: To assess the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among in-school adolescents aged 15 years from Harare, Zimbabwe. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two schools, involving 111 Form three learners. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data. Blood...
Topics: Stunting, nutrition education, central obesity, adolescents, Zimbabwe.
Community Texts
Jan 14, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background and aims: Amino acids composition of local and regional dietary proteins determines the protein quality. The study was aimed at evaluating amino acid profiles of some selected traditional diets commonly consumed in Jigawa (JG), Kano (KN) and Katsina (KT) States, Northwest Zone-Nigeria. Methods: The selected prepared diets (four per state) include; JG Tuwon masara using white maize served with Kuka soup (JG TMW SWKS), JG Tuwon masara using yellow maize served with Kuka soup (JG TMY...
Topics: traditional diets, amino acids, amino acid profile, amino acid score.
Community Texts
Jan 3, 2022 NAJFNR
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The elderly population with diabetes mellitus is rapidly growing worldwide and has become a major social burden with significant impact on health and economics. This social category requires considerations that are not traditionally associated with diabetes mellitus management. Several epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increases with advancing age. According to the recent International Diabetes Federation (IDF) published data, the number of people with...
Topics: diabetes mellitus, elderly, epidemiology, geriatric syndromes, geriatric evaluation.
Community Texts
Jan 2, 2022 NAJFNR
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Background: Withania somnifera has been used as an ergogenic resource in recent years. In this scenario, a systematic literature review is justified to compile the findings in the scientific literature and to evaluate the methodological quality of these investigations. Aims: Our objective with this review was to evaluate the effects of Withania somnifera supplementation on sports performance in physical exercise practitioners.  Material and Methods: This systematic literature review with...
Topics: Withania, Sports, Dietary Supplements, Athletic Performance.
Community Texts
Dec 29, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : The blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect of beetroot is attributed to its high nitrate concentration, which converts to the vasodilator nitric oxide. Nitric oxide may also mediate ocular aqueous outflow to regulate intraocular pressure (IOP). Aims: We investigated the effect of beetroot juice on IOP and ocular vessel density. Subjects and Methods: With a single-blind, crossover design, 19 healthy young adults participated on 2 days 1 week apart. On Visit 1, baseline IOP, BP, and...
Topics: beetroot, blood pressure, intraocular pressure, vessel density.
Community Texts
Dec 27, 2021 NAJFNR
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During the past two decades, several researchers have claimed that traditional foods are healthier products and better sources of micronutrients. Talbina is a well-known traditional food in North Africa, Middle East and South East Asia. Talbina is made by adding 1-2 tablespoons of barley (100% wholegrain barley) to cup of water. Cook on low heat for15 minutes in a water bath. After that a cup of Laban (fermented milk) or milk is added. It can be sweetened with honey. This broth can be used as a...
Topics: Barley wholegrain, fermented milk, natural honey, functional food, nutraceutical ingredients.
Community Texts
Dec 20, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Traditional fermented foods (TFF), which display positive effects on health, constitute a part of the traditions of a region and have continuity over many years. Familiarity with a product and the naturalness of food are positively associated with general attitudes toward traditional food consumption. Aims: To determine university students’ awareness and consumption of TFF and related factors in Turkey. Subjects and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the...
Topics: Consumption, familiarity, fermented foods, industrial products, Turkey.
Community Texts
Dec 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Childhood obesity is a growing public health concern worldwide. Unfortunately, the health interventions remain biased towards addressing undernutrition. Aims : The study aimed to summarize the evidence on the determinants of obesity among adolescents in Zimbabwe. Methods:  The Bronfenbrenner socio-ecological model (SEM) was used to classify these determinants: individual, social, environmental, and economic or government policies. The five-stage Arksey and O’Malley review...
Topics: Adolescents, obesity, socio-ecological model, malnutrition, Zimbabwe
Community Texts
Dec 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Childhood obesity is a growing public health concern worldwide. Unfortunately, the health interventions remain biased towards addressing undernutrition. Aims : The study aimed to summarize the evidence on the determinants of obesity among adolescents in Zimbabwe. Methods:  The Bronfenbrenner socio-ecological model (SEM) was used to classify these determinants: individual, social, environmental, and economic or government policies. The five-stage Arksey and O’Malley review...
Topics: Adolescents, obesity, socio-ecological model, malnutrition, Zimbabwe
Community Texts
Nov 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Antinutritional factors present in food may reduce the bioavailability of nutrients and cause harmful effects to human health. Aims : The aim of this study was to determine the effect of traditional processing methods on protein digestibility, nutrient and antinutrient constituents of seeds of Bauhinia petersiana . Subjects and Methods:  The seeds were processed by soaking in water, boiling or roasting before analyzing protein digestibility, nutrient and antinutrient compositions....
Topics: Legume, nutrient, antinutrient, digestibility, phytate.
Community Texts
Nov 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Antinutritional factors present in food may reduce the bioavailability of nutrients and cause harmful effects to human health. Aims : The aim of this study was to determine the effect of traditional processing methods on protein digestibility, nutrient and antinutrient constituents of seeds of Bauhinia petersiana . Subjects and Methods:  The seeds were processed by soaking in water, boiling or roasting before analyzing protein digestibility, nutrient and antinutrient compositions....
Topics: Legume, nutrient, antinutrient, digestibility, phytate.
Community Texts
Nov 1, 2021 NAJFNR
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The United States’ Farm-To-School Program (F2SP) is a competitive grant program that targets participants of the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program with the aim of increasing the quantity and frequency of locally sourced fruits and vegetables offered to children during the school year. This narrative review aims to summarize the outcomes of the F2SP’s interventions on child health and wellness using the research available to date and provide points to consider when...
Topics: Farm-to-school nutrition, school meals, Egypt, Morocco
Community Texts
Sep 28, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Climacteric syndrome, occurring during menopausal transition, plays a key role in the alteration of women's quality of life. Aims : This study investigated the relationship between perimenopausal symptoms, sleep quality, quality of life, and food behavior in women on menopausal transition in western Algeria. Subjects and Methods:  The study included 131 perimenopausal women (Mean age = 48 ± 3 years). The climacteric syndrome and quality of life were assessed by the menopause...
Topics: Climacteric symptoms, menopausal transition, quality of life, sleep quality, food behavior
Community Texts
Aug 31, 2021 NAJFNR
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Obesity and diabetes rates have been rising to epidemic levels during the last decade, especially among young populations. Recommendations for clinicians and primary healthcare providers concerning the improvement of childhood nutrition and the healthcare of childhood nutrition-related diseases are of major interest. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) of the most updated evidence-based recommendations are useful tools that help clinicians in their practice. However, a gap has been observed...
Topics: nutrition, guidelines, algorithm, children.
Community Texts
Jul 25, 2021 NAJFNR
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Introduction : Lentil ( Lens culinaris ) is a pulse largely consumed in the world, especially in Algeria. This legume can be consumed in different forms (pottage, soup), but also flour can be produced after roasting treatment of the lentils. Resulted flour can be used as a food or ingredient in the formulation of food products. Aims : The main objective of this study is to determine the variation in the main mineral content of lentil flour. The flour was analyzed at its native state (raw),...
Topics: Lens culinaris, flour, roasting, SEM-EDX, mineral.
Community Texts
Jul 24, 2021 NAJFNR
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The purpose of this review is to compile the literature published about different aspects of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) use and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) applied on jujube worldwide and to compare the results on the antioxidant activity obtained for each extraction method. As a result of the increased consumers demand for natural products, as well as for those of agro-food, nutraceutical, cosmetic industries, and green extraction techniques are nowadays trending to be...
Topics: Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE), antioxidants, Ziziphus...
Community Texts
Jul 18, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Pistacia lentiscus oil (PLO) and virgin olive oil (VOO) contain a large variety of phytochemicals providing beneficial effects. Lycopene is the main carotenoid with antioxidant properties. The consumption of lycopene containing foods may fight against cardiovascular diseases. Aims : The present study aims to evaluate the effects of fortified oils (VOO and PLO) with lycopene on some biochemical parameters in Wistar rats.  Material and Methods:  The experimentation included 50 male...
Topics: lycopene, Pistacia lentiscus oil, virgin olive oil, LDL-C, HDL-C, triglycerides.
Community Texts
Jun 22, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: The increased nutritional needs associated with the initiation of antiretroviral therapy exposes HIV-positive patients to an uncontrolled diet. This places them at an increased risk for diabetes mellitus and highlights the role of nutritional habits in the development of diabetes mellitus amongst HIV patients . Aim: In this study, we sought to investigate the feeding habits and their effect on the occurrence of diabetes amongst HIV-positive patients at the Nylon District hospital....
Topics: HIV, diabetes mellitus, feeding habits, lifestyle, lipid profile.
Community Texts
Jun 20, 2021 NAJFNR
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Aims : The main objective of the present research work was to evaluate the (phytochemical, biochemical, and antimicrobial) properties of Muscat of Alexandria leaf powder and develop new functional dairy product using the mixture lactic bacteria and vine leaf powder as prebiotic for health applications (gastric and cardiac problems, etc.). Material and Methods:  Various nutritional parameters of the vine leaf powder namely: pH, acidity, water content, ashes, salts, fatty acids) were determined....
Topics: Bioactive substances, antimicrobial activity, prebiotic, vine leaves.
Community Texts
Jun 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: “ Soumbara” as well as other traditional foods of Côte d'Ivoire are produced in a traditional way. These foods may contain pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. Aims : The aim of our work was to assess the sanitary quality of “Soumbara” sold in five communes of Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire), in order to valorize it as a flavor enhancer. Material and Methods:  A consumption survey as well as the analysis of some physico-chemical (pH, titratable acidity, Brix degree,...
Topics: Food poisoning, “Soumbara”, Pathogenic and Spoilage Microorganisms.
Community Texts
Jun 2, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Consumption of traditional herbal beverages has been generally increased in the last decades, Terebinth coffee, known as ‘‘menengic coffee’’ in Turkish, is one of the most consumed herbal coffees in Turkey, turpentine tree is one of the components of the Mediterranean bush, particularly in Algeria, known as Betoum el Kiffan is largely used as food and in traditional medicine. Aims : In this study, Total phenol, flavonoid content, and antioxidant activity of three extracts of...
Topics: Antioxidant, Pistacia terebinthus, Coffee, FRAP, polyphenol
Community Texts
May 31, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Obesity is currently considered an increasingly more severe social and health-related problem. The World Health Organization qualified obesity as a chronic disease associated with several chronic complications such as circulatory diseases, diabetes, cancer, and respiratory diseases. Aims : We aim to establish the correlation between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet MD and the anthropometric profile of obese Algerian subjects. Subjects and Methods: Our study included a cohort of...
Topics: Obesity, Mediterranean Diet, anthropometric profile, body mass index, Mediterranean Diet Score.
Community Texts
May 20, 2021 NAJFNR
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The aim of this review article is to give a holistic overview on the magnitude of nutrition-related diseases in the North African region and to outline major factors associated with the prevalence of these complications. A literature analysis was performed on PubMed and Google Scholar for data relating to nutrition-related diseases published between January 2007 and March 2017. The employed keywords were; “Algeria AND Morocco AND Tunisia AND Nutrition-Related diseases”. We focused firstly...
Topics: North African countries, nutrition-related diseases, overview, undernutrition, over-nutrition
Community Texts
May 20, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background:     According to a national survey in 2014, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi women is reaching 33.5%. Instead of adopting healthy lifestyle, this population may adopt some weight management practices (WMP) which might be unhealthy and some could lead to serious health issues. Aim :  To compare lifestyle patterns and WMP adopted by obese and normal weight Saudi females by assessing the difference in energy and macronutrients intake, dietary habits, level of...
Topics: Weight practice management, obesity, female university students, Saudi Arabia.
Community Texts
May 19, 2021 NAJFNR
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The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research (NAJFNR) ISSN : 2588-1582 is an international, peer-reviewed, open access, online journal with no publication charges, costs or fees. The journal is committed to the rapid publication of the latest research and studies in all fields of human nutrition and food sciences.  NAJFNR is dedicated to publishing innovative and high-quality papers providing a better understanding of the advances in nutrition fields as original research, review,...
Topics: Food science, Nutrition, Diet, Metabolic diseases
Community Texts
May 18, 2021 NAJFNR
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On behalf of the Board, I am delighted to announce the launch of the inaugural issue of the first journal dedicated to the North African countries and Mediterranean region " The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research (NAJFNR) ". A new open access and international peer-reviewed journal, which publishes original (not previously published) work of exceptional quality and interest and which intends to give a wide-ranging coverage of research, views, and reviews on nutrition...
Topics: Food science, nutrition, health
Community Texts
May 17, 2021 NAJFNR
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Predatory journals and publishers at a glance: take apart or take over?
Topics: Predatory journals, predatory publishers, ethics.
Community Texts
May 17, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background:   Growing evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome (MetS) could be linked with the incidence of colorectal adenoma and cancer (CRA and CRC). Aims: Conducting a meta-analysis to assess the association of MetS with both CRA and CRC. Methods and Material: Relevant studies were identified by systematically searching PubMed database for articles published in the last ten years. A random effect analysis model and Mantel-Haenszel statistical method were used to obtain pooled risk ratios...
Topics: Metabolic syndrome, colorectal cancer, colorectal adenoma, incidence, meta-analysis.
Community Texts
May 17, 2021 NAJFNR
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Congrès International Valorisation des Bio ressources : Application et Impact sur le Développement Durable
Topic: Agriculture Agroalimentaire Bioremédiation des sols pollués Environnement et santé
Community Texts
May 16, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: In recent decades, imported boneless and frozen beef has invaded the Algerian market. However, the true appreciation of the quality of this product can only be obtained by laboratory analyzes and examinations. Aims: The aim of the current study was to assess physicochemical parameters of the imported boneless and frozen beef meat dedicated for human consumption. Methods: Twenty (20) samples of neck, blade bolar, brisket, blade oyster, Forequarter (FQ)/hindquarter (HQ) shin-shank...
Topics: Frozen meat, analysis, physicochemical quality.
Community Texts
May 15, 2021 NAJFNR
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The aim of this review article is to provide literature on the grape antioxidants. A very thorough literature search was conducted to describe the bioactive molecules of grapes with antioxidant power. Grape, fruit of wide culture, is very consumed and especially appreciated by the populations of North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia). Grape is a very energetic and refreshing fruit, so it is recommended for the feeding of children and athletes. Not only grape is a tonic provider, but it is...
Topics: Grape, bioactive molecules, antioxidant, health.
Community Texts
May 15, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Food losses and food waste represent an emerging problem with enormous economic, environmental, and social implications. Therefore, the reduction of food wastage is considered a promising strategy, not only to achieve food security but also to improve the food system sustainability. Food wastage is a serious issue also in North Africa region. Aims : This paper provides an overview on research dealing with food losses and waste (FLW) in North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya,...
Topics: Agricultural losses, Environment, Food losses, Food security, Food wastage, Food waste, North...
Community Texts
May 11, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Although micronutrient supplementation is a frequent practice during pregnancy, it remains poorly documented, particularly in Algeria. Aims :  Our objective was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with the use of micronutrient supplements among pregnant women. Subjects and Methods: The data of the present study were obtained from a cross-sectional survey conducted through a questionnaire among 384 pregnant women receiving prenatal care at a major mother and child...
Topics: Micronutrients, supplementation, Pregnancy, Algeria.
Community Texts
May 10, 2021 NAJFNR
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Aims:   The main objectives of the present study were to characterize the phytochemical profile of Annona cherimola Mill, to assess its antioxidant characteristics and its antifungal activity against Candida albicans . Methods and Material: Aqueous decoction, aqueous infusion, aqueous maceration, and methanolic maceration were screened for the presence of phytochemicals and to quantify content of phenolics, tannins, and flavonoids. Furthermore, antioxidant activity was assessed using DPPH and...
Topics: Annona cherimola Mill., phytochemical screening, flavonoids, antioxidant, Candida albicans
Community Texts
May 9, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Although nitrates, are sometimes favorable to health, they can however convert to nitrosamines inside the body thanks to the acidic medium of gastrointestinal tract. So, the investigation of the nitrate content in food products becomes an imperative since it allows consumers to choose their food deliberately. Aims: The leaching kinetics of nitrates during water blanching of spinach leaf midribs (SLM) was investigated at different conditions of time and temperature. Methods and...
Topics: Nitrate, quantification, spinach leaf midribs, blanching, modeling.
Community Texts
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Metabolic Syndrome Components Correlation with Colorectal Neoplasms: A Systematic Review and a Meta-analysis   (Supplementary data) 
Topics: Colorectal neoplasms, hyperglycemia, hypertension, visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, meta-analysis.
Community Texts
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Metabolic Syndrome Components Correlation with Colorectal Neoplasms: A Systematic Review and a Meta-analysis  (Supplementary data - PRISMA Check list)
Topics: Colorectal neoplasms, hyperglycemia, hypertension, visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, meta-analysis.
Community Texts
May 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Metabolic Syndrome Components Correlation with Colorectal Neoplasms: A Systematic Review and a Meta-analysis (Supplementary tables)
Topics: Colorectal neoplasms, hyperglycemia, hypertension, visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, meta-analysis.
Community Texts
May 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Metabolic Syndrome Components Correlation with Colorectal Neoplasms: A Systematic Review and a Meta-analysis   (Supplementary figures) 
Topics: Colorectal neoplasms, hyperglycemia, hypertension, visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, meta-analysis.
Community Texts
May 7, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have a higher risk of developing colorectal neoplasms (CRN) including colorectal adenoma (CRA) and colorectal cancer (CRC). Nonetheless, the role and implication of each component of the syndrome, i.e. (hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and visceral obesity) are not well ascertained. Aims: We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis in order to assess the association between MetS components and CRN. Methods and Material: A...
Topics: Colorectal neoplasms, hyperglycemia, hypertension, visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, meta-analysis.
Community Texts
May 7, 2021 NAJFNR
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Letter to editor 
Topics: trans fatty acid, obesity, diabetes
Community Texts
May 6, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background:   Isoflavones daidzein and genistein generate estrogenic compounds in human without any side-effect. Aims :   To measure the determinants of two isoflavones daidzein and genistein in Bangladeshi postmenopausal women consuming soy-milk and soups prepared from mung and masoor dal . Subjects and Methods :   Sixteen healthy postmenopausal women (age, mean±SD, 52.5±5.8 years) were included. After an overnight fast, each participant was given freshly-prepared soy-milk (~350-mL) and...
Topics: Isoflavones, soy-milk, Masoor dal, Mung dal, determinants, Bangladeshi menopausal women.
Community Texts
May 3, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Breakfast consumption is labelled as the most important meal of the day. It might be of significant importance for adolescent students as it might influence their short-term memory, performance, and mood. However, the prevalence of skipping breakfast, among adolescents, in Saudi Arabia is high. Aims : To investigate the association between breakfast intake and short-term memory, performance, and mood, among Saudi female adolescents. Subjects and Methods : A Cross-sectional study was...
Topics: Breakfast intake, mood, short-term memory, performance, Saudi female adolescents.
Community Texts
May 2, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Worldwide, calcium (Ca) deficiency represents one of the most important deficiencies of all micronutrients. When associated with vitamin D deficiency, it constitutes a major health issue, responsible for many functional diseases especially osteoporosis and fracture risk at the later life. In the Moroccan population, data on Ca deficiency risks are really limited. The urinary losses present a significant determinant of Ca urinary excretion being a crucial determinant of its...
Topics: Moroccan children and adolescents, urinary Ca, Ca deficiency.
Community Texts
May 1, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : The incidence of worldwide obesity is on the increase. Obesity is defined as an excessive accumulation of fat in the body. 39% of adults, aged 18 years and over, were overweight in 2016 and 13% were obese.  Aims : To examine the association of dietary patterns, socioeconomic status, and the body mass index in Moroccan adults.  Methods and Material : This is an analytical case-control study, conducted among obese (n=100) and non-obese (n=150) subjects, aged between 18 and 59 years...
Topics: Obesity, body mass index, dietary behavior, socioeconomic status.
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: In the last years, obesity became of interest because of its association with osteoarthritis (OA) which is increasing with the increase of both life expectancy and the prevalence of obesity. Aims:   The objective was to assess the association of obesity with the susceptibility of the lower limbs OA (LLOA) occurrence in women. Subjects and Methods: The symptomatic susceptibility of the onset of LLOA was evaluated on a sample of women from El Jadida (Morocco) using the Moroccan...
Topics: Knee osteoarthritis, Coccyx osteoarthritis, WOMAC, Obesity, BMI, WHR.
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2021 NAJFNR
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Aim: The current study was undertaken to determine the total phenolic and flavonoid contents and to assess the antioxidant activity of two different extracts (flour and oil) of two Algerian Quercus species, Quercus ilex L. and Quercus suber L. Methods and Material : The oil extraction of the two species was achieved using the Soxhlet method. The obtained extracts were estimated for the chemical and physical constants (acidity, peroxide value, iodine value, and ultraviolet absorption indices)....
Topics: Quercus ilex L., Quercus suber L., Total phenolic, Total flavonoid, Antioxidant activity.
Community Texts
Apr 29, 2021 NQJFNR
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Background:   Pomegranate peels are rich in bioactive compounds and could be an alternative natural source such as antioxidants.   Aims:     The aim of the present study was to assess the abilities of five solvents to extract phenolic antioxidants from pomegranate peels. Methods and Material:   Pomegranate peels powder was subjected to extraction and the extraction yield was compared. The total phenolic, flavonoid, condensed and hydrolysable tannins contents were analyzed. The antioxidant...
Topics: Pomegranate peels, solvent extraction, antioxidant activity, phenolic antioxidants.
Community Texts
Apr 29, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Carotenoids have been hypothesized to promote the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer (PC). Aims:   Conducting a meta-analysis to assess whether the association differs by the type of carotenoids and to compare the relationships of each type of carotenoid with PC risk. Methods and Material:   A literature search was conducted using the PubMed database. Pertinent studies were included in the meta-analysis of higher versus lower categories of dietary intakes or serum...
Topics: Prostate cancer, carotenoids, lycopene, β-Carotene, α-Carotene, β-cryptoxanthin,...
Community Texts
Apr 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : The use of cooking salt (sodium chloride) for bread preparation is due to several important sensory and technological properties. Even considered as an essential micronutrient and a salty taste stimulus, a significant dietary sodium intake is positively correlated with high blood pressure levels and some heart diseases. Recently, Morocco has adopted a plan to reduce salt consumption aiming to reinforce the prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and to contribute to the...
Topics: Sodium chloride, bread, salt reduction, Moroccan population.
Community Texts
Apr 10, 2021 NAJFNR
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Introduction : Pandemics are unexpected and unplanned events that can have serious impact on food and water security especially in countries with weak food and water systems . Objectives :  This article discusses factors that could affect food and water security in developing countries and provides possible solutions for mitigating food and water issues that could arise due to pandemics.  Methods :  Searches were made on Google scholar and using the keywords “food and water security in...
Topics: Food security, water security, pandemic, lockdown, logistics, freshwater.
Community Texts
Apr 9, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background :   Being available in Sri Lanka, Ready-to-serve drinks are more popular among   Sri Lankan’ consumers . Further, ready-to-serve organic fruit drinks are nowadays becoming more popular due to more concern about healthy living .  Aim : To produce a ready-to-serve drink using pineapple juice with coconut milk.  Methods and Material : Pineapple Juice ( Ananas comosus ) and Coconut milk were optimized to a blended ready to serve beverage which was mixed in four different...
Topics: Ready-to-serve drink, Pineapple juice, Coconut milk, Physicochemical, Sensory properties.
Community Texts
Apr 9, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Ogi constitutes a rich source of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with associated health benefits to humans through antimicrobial activities. However, the high viability of LAB in Ogi and its supernatant ( Omidun ) is essential .  Aims : This study was carried out to assess the viability of LAB in various forms of modified and natural Ogi and the antimicrobial properties of Omidun against diarrhoeagenic E coli . Methods and Material : The viability of LAB was assessed in fermented Ogi...
Topics: Ogi, Omidun, lactic acid bacteria, diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli strains, Viability.
Community Texts
Apr 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Grape phenolics are structurally diverse, from simple molecules to oligomers and polymers usually designated “tannins or proanthocyanidins (PAs)” referring to their ability to interact with proteins. Those compounds have been attributed to a great number of biological activities beneficial for human health as they act as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, etc .  Aim : The objective of the current study was to quantify and to identify the PAs and determine the mean...
Topics: Grape, Skin, Seed, Proanthocyanidins, RP-HPLC-DAD.
Community Texts
Apr 5, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : African fermented foods such as maize cereal ( Ogi ) and its supernatant ( Omidun ) are reservoirs of beneficial lactobacilli and carboxylic acids. Based on their constituents, their beneficial effect in a rat model of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulphonic (TNBS) acid-induced colitis was assessed in comparison with two lactobacilli in a rat model of colitis .  Methods : Female Wistar rats were distributed into seven groups of 5 rats each; the rats were pretreated for 14 days prior to...
Topics: Fermented food, lactic acid bacteria, inflammation, oxidative stress.
Community Texts
Apr 4, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : The indubitable role of phytochemicals such as carotenoids and phenolic compounds in human health has prompted the researchers to study the factors affecting the stability and the availability of these compounds .  Aims : This study investigates the effect of two drying processes; oven-drying (OD) and traditional sun-drying (TSD) on carotenoids and phenolic compounds of apricots.    Material and Methods : OD was performed at 65°C, and TSD was performed by direct exposure of...
Topics: Keywords: Apricot, traditional sun-drying, oven-drying, carotenoids, phenolic compounds.
Community Texts
Apr 3, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : It is really crucial to explore physical properties and chemical composition of the locally cultivated cereal crops to enhance their utilization in various recipes. Moreover, that will fill knowledge gaps in this field and provides advantages for both; producers and consumers who still believe that imported cereals are superior to the locals . Aims : This study was intended to investigate the physical properties and chemical composition of the three rice varieties (Edeget,...
Topics: Physical properties, chemical composition, varieties, rice, tef.
Community Texts
Apr 1, 2021 NAJFNR
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(Supplementary data) Proteome consistency of the aleurone layer in grain of major wheat species grown over different years
Topics: Wheat, durum, einkorn, aleurone layer, metabolic pathways.
Community Texts
Apr 1, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Aleurone layer (AL), being a living cell layer among the peripheral layers of the grain structure obtained after milling wheat, is rich in, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants potentially nutritional value of the flour. Objectives: To isolate AL in the mature grain of the three major species; Common wheat (CW) , Durum wheat (DW), and Einkorn wheat (EW) that were grown at two different years as well as to analyze and compare their proteomes revealed through two-dimensional...
Topics: Wheat, durum, einkorn, aleurone layer, metabolic pathways.
Community Texts
Mar 31, 2021 NAJFNR
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Aim : The main objective of our work was to assess the relationship between type 2 diabetes, hyperuricemia and dyslipidemia in the population of Tizi-Ouzou. By evaluating the relationship between hyperuricemia and some blood lipid parameters, we thus establish, in type 2 diabetes, the correlation between uremia and these lipid parameters. Subjects and methods :   The survey was carried out by means of an individual questionnaire. We excluded from our study pregnant women, patients with cancer,...
Topics: Hyperuricemia, diabetes type 2, dyslipidemia, lipoproteins.
Community Texts
Mar 31, 2021 NAJFNR
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The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus 2 or novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection pandemic continues to spread. Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 in Wuhan (China), healthcare workers have been infected and are considered at high risk of contamination. Moreover, in addition to the physical effects of COVID-19, the pandemic results in important mental health issues among healthcare workers such as anxiety, stress, depression, and further nervous or mental disorders. Despite...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Supplementation, Zinc, Magnesium, Vitamins B.
Community Texts
Mar 31, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Consumers are more aware of the role of healthy diet in preventing food-related diseases (Cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, etc.). Consequently, they are looking for products with beneficial nutritional attributes that encourage the food industry to develop functional foods.  Aims: In this study, we aimed at using a natural bioprocess to improve durum wheat “ Triticum durum ” nutritional properties for its further use as a functional ingredient .  Materials and...
Topics: Durum wheat, bioactive compounds, nutritional properties, sprouting, vitamins.
Community Texts
Mar 28, 2021 NAJFNR
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Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistant Vibrio spp. in Finfish Sold in Tripoli Fish Markets, Libya
Topic: Antibiotic Resistant
Community Texts
Mar 23, 2021 NAJFNR
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SEMINAIRE INTERNATIONAL : « ENVIRONNEMENT, AGRICULTURE & BIOTECHNOLOGIE » ( SIEAB  –  2017 ). BOUIRA, LES 22 ET 23 NOVEMBRE 2017
Topics: ENVIRONNEMENT, AGRICULTURE & BIOTECHNOLOGIE
Community Texts
Mar 23, 2021 NAJFNR
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Abstract Book SISA 2018
Topics: Diet, Health, Nutrition
Community Texts
Mar 23, 2021 NAJFNR
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Congrès International Valorisation des Bio ressources : Application et Impact sur le Développement Durable
Topics: Valorisation des Bio ressources, Développement Durable
Community Texts
Mar 23, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Rich in dietary fibers and beneficial to health , wheat and oats have been a popular part of the human diet. The whole grain is rich in protein, lipid, starch and phenolic compounds concentrated at the level of the peripheral layer of the bran . Aims: The natural compounds and the antioxidant potential of two different species of soft wheat and oat bran on the Algerian market have been studied in this work. Wheat bran was furnished by Azzouz’s Cereal and Dried Vegetable...
Topics: Wheat, oat, antioxidants, radical scavenging, phenolic contents.
Community Texts
Mar 21, 2021 NAJFNR
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The immune system is involved in the protection of host against environmental agents such as pathogenic micro-organisms (bacteria,  fungi, and viruses) and chemicals, thereby preserving the integrity of the body. To preserve organism defense mechanisms, adequate nutritional status should be maintained with appropriate intakes of calories, vitamins, minerals and water that should be continuously provided by a healthy diet.   The emergence of new infectious diseases with new pathogenic...
Topics: Nutrition, Immune system, Viral diseases, SARS-CoV-2.
Community Texts
Mar 21, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : In recent years, sports nutrition has become a major part of the athlete’s lifestyle. Even if this field is well considered in several countries, the situation remains deficient in Algeria . Aims : The aim of this primary study in Algeria was to investigate the prevalence of the use of sports supplements among recreational and professional athletes, the health risks associated with this consumption as well as their knowledge and attitudes towards sports supplements . Subjects and...
Topics: Sports supplements, Athletes, Algeria, Adverse effects, Knowledge.
Community Texts
Mar 18, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : Fighting against malnutrition and diseases such as oxidative stress diseases via a food-based approach could be achieved through identification, valorization, and promotion of local foods rich in macro- and micronutrients and phytochemical components. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of agro-ecological conditions on the antioxidant capacity of the Hibiscus sabdariffa aqueous and methanol calyces extracts. Material and methods : The total phenolic content, the free...
Topics: Roselle calyces, aqueous and methanol extracts, antioxidant capacity.
Community Texts
Mar 18, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: In response to consumer demand for novel and healthy foods, the presence in the market of olive oils (OOs) flavored with different plants, spices, herbs or fruits is increasingly common. All these flavoring agents have been used over the years due to their content in compounds with biological activities. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of the addition of S. montana EO at 100 ppm (0.01%, v/v), known for its high content of bioactive compounds, good...
Topics: Bioenrichment, Satureja montana L., Essential oil, Extra virgin olive oil, Display, Quality...
Community Texts
Mar 18, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : The challenges of multiple antibiotic resistance by pathogenic microorganisms has necessitated the need for a continuous search for new and effective antimicrobial bioactive compounds. Objectives : In this study, the antimicrobial activity of extracts from fermented condiment from Parkia biglobosa  was investigated against some pathogenic microorganisms. Materials and Methods : Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify bioactive compounds in n -hexane...
Topics: Fermented food, condiment, n-hexane, phytochemicals and antimicrobials.
Community Texts
Mar 18, 2021 NAJFNR
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Bone is a hard connective tissue that undergoes a systematic renewal. This highly dynamic organ is made up of four different types of cells, however, bone formation is commonly attributed to osteoblasts and bone resorption to osteoclasts. Bone tissue formation occurs during embryonic development and in certain post-birth pathological conditions. The immune system could influence the functions of bone cells, and the crosstalk between hematopoietic, immune, and bone cells is known as...
Topics: PM whole grains, nutrients, polyphenols, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteoimmunology, TNF-α.
Community Texts
Mar 15, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Cancer is a multifactorial disease involving individual, behavioral and environmental factors that can contribute to its onset. More than 40% of cancers are estimated to be attributable to avoidable risk factors, particularly diet, physical activity, weight status, and alcohol consumption. Aim: To provide insight into the role of weight status, diet, and physical activity in cancer causation and prevention, and to highlight evidence-based recommendations. Material and methods: A...
Topics: Cancer, Diet, Weight status, Overweight, Obesity, Physical activity.
Community Texts
Mar 15, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Mandarin by-products, such as peels and seeds, are considered as one of the naturel sources of phenolic compounds. Aim: The objective of the present study was to compare the phenolic compounds contents and antioxidant activity of different parts (pulps, seeds, juices, and peels) of three mandarins varieties extracts. Material and methods: Total phenolic, flavonoid, and proanthocyanidin contents of the extracts were assessed while, the antioxidant activity was evaluated using three...
Topics: Mandarins, different parts, phenolics compounds, antioxidant activity.
Community Texts
Mar 15, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: The occurrence of Vibrio spp. in raw fish is common, especially from temperate climates regions, in both natural and farm environments, and in all kinds of fish. Whereas, limited data have been reported on antibiotic resistance strains of Vibrio spp. Aim: The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of Vibrio spp. including antibiotic resistance strains in fresh finfish samples as well as evaluation of their antibiogram. Material and methods: Samples of 122...
Topics: Vibrio spp., Finfish, Mullet, Sardine, Antibiotic Resistance.
Community Texts
Mar 15, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Conventional food additives were associated with potential harm. Palm seeds are an interesting source of high-added value bioactive compounds, regarding their potential use in food industries. Aim: Date seeds extract (DSE) of Algerian Phoenix dactyliefra L. was studied for its phytochemical, antioxidant, and antibacterial activity and to identify its potential uses in foods. Material and methods: A total soluble solid of DSE (°Brix) was determined by refractometry. The total...
Topics: Phoenix dactylifera L., Degla-Baïda, seeds extract, bioactive molecules, biological activity, in...
Community Texts
Mar 14, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Malaria remains a major killer of children under-five, claiming the life of one child every two minutes globally. Despite the several interventions to reduce malaria and anemia, these diseases remain global public concerns. Aim: This study assessed the prevalence and trend of malaria and anemia in children under-five years from 2012 to 2016. Subjects and methods : We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study among children under-five with malaria and anemia who received care at...
Topics: Prevalence, Trend, Malaria, Anemia, Under-five, Children, Jasikan, Ghana.
Community Texts
Mar 13, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Nutrition is a major determinant of health and an essential factor in the development of countries. Faced with food insecurity and malnutrition, Benin has implemented policies and programs aiming to reduce the progression of this burden. Aims : To take inventory of nutritional status and interventions implemented to reduce the prevalence of different forms of malnutrition and food insecurity in Benin. Methods: A review of nutritional and food data available at the national level and...
Topics: Nutritional status, Diet, Intervention, Benin.
Community Texts
Mar 13, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Knowing the eating habits of populations is important to better define appropriate public health interventions. Aims : The aim of the current study was to describe the food consumption among adults in an urban population in North-western Algeria and to compare it to the Mediterranean diet. Subjects and methods: During 2007-2009, 787 individuals aged 30-64 years, randomly selected from the list of insured persons residing in Oran city. A questionnaire on socio-economic and...
Topics: Northwest Algeria, urban population, Mediterranean diet, monthly income, educational level.
Community Texts
Mar 13, 2021 NAJFNR
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This is a supplementary data file.  Zero hunger and malnutrition in the African continent is potentially feasible, if nutrition programs are prioritized politically and scientifically (Supplementary data)
Topics: African countries, Staple foods, Intake of animal-sourced foods, Severe and moderately malnourished...
Community Texts
Mar 13, 2021 NAJFNR
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African countries and in particular the Sub Sahara ones  contribute to the largest proportion of the global burden of  poverty and associated diet-related diseases in all its forms, including micronutrient malnutrition. Malnutrition rates remain alarming: and stunting an indicator of chronic malnutrition is declining too slowly. The main objectives of the present article are to focus on 1- the current food supply and nutritional status among the vulnerable young population in African...
Topics: African countries, Staple foods, Intake of animal-sourced foods, Severe and moderately malnourished...
Community Texts
Mar 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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This is a supplementary data file
Topics: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, epidemiology, prevalence, risk factors, Africa.
Community Texts
Mar 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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This review focused on data on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus especially type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Africa, where the current number of diabetes individuals has reached 19 million. There appears to be heterogeneity in the data between countries with a trend towards the development of diabetes at an earlier age, high socio-economic impact but also limited financial resources given that the majority of African countries are developing countries with low to middle income. Africa is...
Topics: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, epidemiology, prevalence, risk factors, Africa.
Community Texts
Mar 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : In the last decades, Tunisia has undergone major demographic, socio-economic and lifestyle (including diet) changes, with drastic increases in excess adiposity and nutrition related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This review provides an update of the nutritional situation in Tunisia. Methods : Several Tunisian datasets or international databases were used to assess availability and consumption of foods and health outcomes. Results : Both from national aggregated availability...
Topics: Tunisia, diet, food insecurity, micronutrient deficiencies, nutritional status, obesity,...
Community Texts
Mar 12, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : The role of adequate nutrition in national and human development has been recognized; hence nutrition has become one of the global development agenda. This has led to the setting up of global goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Nigeria, with other nations in African have been making efforts towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Aim : This review is aimed at providing update on the nutrition situation in Nigeria with a...
Topics: Nutrition situation, malnutrition, dietary intake, food insecurity, Nigeria.
Community Texts
Mar 11, 2021 NAJFNR
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The nutritional and epidemiological transitions have affected the Algerians’ lifestyle primarily in their nutritional status, eating behavior, and health status. Overweight and obesity, being present at all ages of life, includes several factors related to the risk of developing, at an older age, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The nutritional situation of children under 5 years remains a concern of low birth weight, low prevalence of exclusive...
Topics: Nutritional status, Non-communicable diseases, Risk factors, Eastern Algeria.
Community Texts
Mar 9, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background : In women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), metabolic abnormalities are common, including insulin resistance, obesity, and dyslipidemia, suggesting an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objectives : To evaluate the effect of healthy lifestyle promotion on eating behavior and metabolic biomarkers in women with PCOS. Subjects and Methods : The study was carried out in 102 women (30±7 years) with PCOS. Patients received nutritional counseling based on...
Topics: Polycystic ovary syndrome, Metabolic abnormalities, Healthy Lifestyle, Mediterranean diet,...
Community Texts
Mar 9, 2021 NAJFNR
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Introduction : Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African country, where livelihoods are heavily dependent on subsistence agriculture, and the humanitarian crisis has increased the populations’ vulnerability to malnutrition. Aim : This article presents an update of the food and nutrition situation. Methodology : Documents from government surveys and reports, peer-reviewed articles and other reliable sources were retrieved and analyzed. Results : According to the 2019 National Nutrition Survey,...
Topics: Nutritional status, micronutrient, food security, non-communicable disease, Burkina Faso.
Community Texts
Mar 9, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Malnutrition in all its forms continues to be a global public health challenge affecting mostly women and children in Africa. The socioeconomic consequences of poor nutrition are far-reaching and cross-generational. Objective: To provide an update on the nutrition situation in Zimbabwe in the context of the United Nations 2030 sustainable development agenda. Key findings: In Zimbabwe, the leading nutrition problems include high levels of childhood stunting, micronutrient...
Topics: Stunting, Breastfeeding, IYCF, Micronutrient deficiency, SDGs, COVID-19, Zimbabwe.
Community Texts
Mar 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background:   Sudan is situated in the northeastern part of Africa. The population of the country is approximately 43 million, spread over 1.88 million square kilometers. Although Sudan has great resources, most of the population suffers from poverty and food deficiency because of the conflicts in the different parts of the country .The suffering was augmented by climatic drought and floods which resulted in food insecurity. The  population’s internal displacement is disadvantageous...
Topics: Sudan, deficiencies, food, micronutrient, mortality, insecurity.
Community Texts
Mar 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Background: Abdominal adiposity, insulin resistance dyslipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction emerge during menopause. Objectives: To assess the relationship between lifestyle, eating behavior, and cardiometabolic biomarkers in Algerian postmenopausal women. Subjects and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted among 228 postmenopausal women (57.65±6.42 years) in Oran (Algeria). Women were divided into quartiles according to their waist circumference (WC); Q1 (69-89cm), Q2...
Topics: Lifestyle behavior, Cardiometabolic biomarkers, Waist circumference, Postmenopausal women.
Community Texts
Mar 8, 2021 NAJFNR
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Mali, a Sahelian country in West Africa, faces many climatic, natural and security constraints. This situation has accentuated the nutritional issues which are largely responsible for the high morbidity and mortality rates.   The aim of the current review is to understand the main issues related to nutrition and diet among vulnerable groups in Mali during the last decade. The exclusive breastfeeding rate remains relatively low (40%). The Complementary feeding practices are inadequate 49%....
Topics: Malnutrition, Infants under 5, Micronutrients, Food Insecurity, Mali.
Community Texts
Mar 6, 2021 NAJFNR
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Introduction : Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African country, where livelihoods are heavily dependent on subsistence agriculture, and the humanitarian crisis has increased the populations’ vulnerability to malnutrition. Aim : This article presents an update of the food and nutrition situation. Methodology : Documents from government surveys and reports, peer-reviewed articles and other reliable sources were retrieved and analyzed. Results : According to the 2019 National Nutrition Survey,...
Topics: Nutritional status, micronutrient, food security, non-communicable disease, Burkina Faso.