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Community Audio
Jun 28, 2022 Wilrens Hornstra
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Could you define the word holy ? Explain it to someone who is a new believer? The word is like a butterfly: not easy to catch!
Topics: Holy, holiness, sanctification, saint, separated, set apart, undivided, divine sphere
Community Audio
May 24, 2022 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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It is perhaps the most familiar passage in all of Scripture. But what does it mean? If we apply the three basic steps of inductive Bible study, it is amazing what we uncover.
Topics: Lord’s Prayer, kingdom
Community Audio
Feb 11, 2022 Wilrens Hornstra
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Not only are Luke and Acts by the same author (you guessed it: Luke), they are also two parts of one piece of writing. How does that change our view of Luke’s gospel?
Topics: Luke, Acts, Gospel, type of literature, genre, biography
Community Audio
Jan 20, 2022 Wilrens Hornstra
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Ezekiel’s temple vision (40-48) is a strange section in a strange book – even stranger than I knew before reading Jacob Milgrom’s intense and detailed study of the longest vision in the OT. But it makes a point we don’t want to miss.
Topics: Vision, Ezekiel 40, temple vision, Milgrom, third temple, temple
Community Audio
Nov 1, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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The trial of Jesus raises questions. Why was he condemned for blasphemy? Was this a fake trial? Let’s dig in and find some answers.
Topics: Hebrews, synkrisis, epideictic, rhetoric, high priest
Community Audio
Aug 25, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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The trial of Jesus raises questions. Why was he condemned for blasphemy? Was this a fake trial? Let’s dig in and find some answers.
Topics: Eckhard Schnabel, Jesus in Jerusalem, trial, Pilate, Caiaphas, cross, crucifixion, blasphemy,...
Community Audio
Aug 25, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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What does water have to do with the feast of booths or tabernacles, those seven days in which devout Jewish people live in huts in remembrance of their desert wanderings?
Topics: Feast of Booths, Feast of Tabernacles, water, John 7
Community Audio
Jul 2, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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Most of the furnishings of the tabernacle are not hard to understand. But what is the meaning of the lampstand and of the so-called showbread or ‘bread of the presence’?
Topics: Tabernacle, altar, tent of meeting, showbread, bread of the presence, lampstand, ark, mercy seat
Community Audio
Jul 2, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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The prophets aren't easy. How can we help readers to understand them better? Here's a possible draft for a one-hour lecture - plus, the message of the prophets summarized in two words!
Topics: Prophets, day of the lord, prophecy
Community Audio
Jun 15, 2021 Wlrens Hornstra
audio

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How great was Babylon the Great? A brand-new book with awesome illustrations gives us a taste. Have a look! (And download the book at www.zaphon.de .)
Topics: Nebuchadnezzar, Nabopolassar, Babylon, Ishtar Gate, Ziggurat, Tower of Babel
Community Audio
May 26, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
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In this third (and final) look at Canaanite beliefs, we meet a strange array of monsters, such as Leviathan. They also make an appearance in the Hebrew Bible. What do we make of this and of the claim that God, too, had to do battle with creatures like these?
Topics: Rahab, Leviathan, Tannin, great sea creature, Chaoskampf, combat myth, satan, dragon, Yam, devil,...
Community Audio
Apr 8, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
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Although Baal worship is strongly condemned in the Old Testament, the OT surprisingly integrates fragments of Canaanite mythology (such as Baal as the rider in the clouds) in its portrayal of the God of Israel. How are we to understand this? And is the so-called divine council one of these fragments or is it something more substantial, as Michael Heiser argues in "The Unseen Realm"?
Topics: El, divine council, elohim, angels, Zaphon, Baal, Rider in the clouds, Heiser, Michael Heiser,...
Community Audio
Mar 9, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
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Who were the gods and goddesses of Canaan that make an appearance in the Hebrew Bible? And how does knowing about them help us to make better sense of Scripture and understand, for instance, what the prophets were so upset about? Go to Create a Learning Site, http://www.wilrens.org and find this issue (CALS 85) to download the accompanying handout with illustrations and sources.
Topics: Baal, Ashera, Astarte, Astoreth, Anath, Yam, Mot, Baal Cyclus, cult prostitute, child sacrifice,...
Community Audio
Feb 12, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
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Sometimes, looking at the structure of a book in a alternative way opens up deep and new insight into its meaning and message. As it turns out, the Hebrew word toledot is part of a structural marker that is key to understand the message (and the God!) of Genesis.
Topics: Toledot, Genesis, Terah, Abraham, Jacob, Joseph
Community Audio
Jan 19, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
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The continuation of my pilgrimage through the gospel of John: a few highlights from meditating on Jesus.
Topics: John, grace and truth
Community Audio
Jan 19, 2021 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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Walking the Via di Francesco as a pilgrim led me on a pilgrimage through the gospel of John
Topics: John, Saint Francis, Assisi, grace and truth
Community Audio
Nov 26, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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The third and final instalment of an in-depth look at the atonement.
Topics: Christus Victor, recapitulation, union, moral government, Hugo Grotius, Athanasius
Community Audio
Nov 20, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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I continue my exploration: how can we explain the meaning of the cross? Different answers are given.
Topics: atonement, penal substitution, Anselm, Redemption, Ransom Theory, Gustav Aulén
Community Audio
Sep 1, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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The atonement: what is it, and how does it 'work'? This is a big - and beautiful - question, touching on the very heart of salvation: why did Christ die on a Roman cross?
Topics: Penal Substitution, cross, expiation, propitiation, atonement
Community Audio
Jul 30, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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Another case where the precise interpretation of the genitive makes a huge difference: the righteousness of God in Romans.
Topics: Genitive, Righteousness of God, New Perspective
Community Audio
Jul 29, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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You probably don't spend a lot of time thinking about genitives. But sometimes they make a real difference in how we understand something. Are we saved by or through believing in Christ or are we saved by the faithfulness of Jesus?
Topics: faithfulness of Christ, faith, allegiance, genitive, objective genitive, subjective genitive
Community Audio
Jun 5, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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In God's image? A great idea! But what does it mean??
Topics: Genesis 1, Image of God
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Apr 15, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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So if the Psalms have an intentional structure, what would its message be?
Topics: Psalm, Messianic Psalms, Psalm 89, David
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 30, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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It is often held that the book of Psalms is the biblical version of a hymn book, with little or no structure. (I used to believe this myself until quite recently.) But there is more to Psalms than meets the eye. Find out what I learned.
Topics: Psalms, Psalm 89, David, Elohistic Psalms, Messianic Psalms
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 30, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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Looking at 1 Corinthians within the framework of ancient rhetoric two months ago proved illuminating. I repeat the exercise with a look at Paul's sequel, 2 Corinthians and again find it immensely helpful for understanding and interpreting this difficult letter.
Topics: Rhetoric, Propositio, 2 Corinthians, Paul
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 30, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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The OT Law includes quite a few commands we don't practice today, such as the red heifer ritual. What was its logic and why are these purity laws in the Bible?
Topics: red heifer, purity laws, red cow, sacrifice
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Feb 13, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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Saul among the prophets, Paul among the rhetoricians? The Corinthians think not, but Paul proves them wrong in his letters.
Topics: Rhetoric, 1 Corinthians
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Jan 17, 2020 Wilrens Hornstra
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What did Paul want women in Corinth to do with their heads? And what is new about the 'new women' debated in classical studies? Bruce Winter helps us understand several difficult passages in the New Testament.
Topics: 1 Corinthians 11, head covering, veil, new women, Bruce Winter
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Dec 6, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Building on the previous issue looking at time and eternity, I now ask if God knows the future. More specifically: does he know what you and I (and others) will freely choose to do? This has become quite a controversial question in recent decades, so here we go. It is long, so I split it into two parts. You can also opt to read it on the website: https://www.wilrens.org/2020/01/cals69!
Topics: foreknowledge, Openness Theology, Open Theism, Boyd
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Oct 31, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Part 2.
Topics: Time, timeless, eternity, openness, open theism
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Oct 31, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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My report on studying time and eternity, in two parts.
Topics: Time, timeless, eternity, openness, open theism
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Sep 23, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Almost as short as it gets: a word called "for". Paul loved using it. But how does it work?
Topics: conjunction, for, Romans
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Aug 8, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Job is about Job and about suffering. Or is it? No, it is not. The book stunningly reframes the issues. Find out how!
Topics: Job, suffering, Elihu
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Jul 31, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Much debated in Joel: what is metaphorical and what is literal?
Topics: Joel, locusts, Assyrians
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Jul 24, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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This recording is longer than usual, but Judges was just too good not to go a bit overtime. Although it recounts chaotic times, the book is anything but chaotic. In fact, its careful structure and arrangement is the key to its message - and it is NOT to teach principles of leadership!
Topics: Judges, Gideon, Jephtha, Samson
Miscellaneous Podcasts
Mar 21, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Finally! A book that has been on my reading list for over a year: Richard Bauckham, Jesus and the Eyewitnesses. Learn about the origins of the gospels! Create a Learning Site is a blogsite, monthly e-mail newsletter and video podcast to help you go deeper in your understanding of the Bible. For more, visit http://www.wilrens.org!
Topics: Gospel, Richard Bauckham, Jesus
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Feb 6, 2019 Wilrens Hornstra
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Where did the Israelites cross - and what did they cross? James Hoffmeier provides fascinating evidence and a strong case. Listen to find out more!
Topics: exodus, sinai, mount sinai, sea of reeds
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Nov 26, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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What do we make of a "story" book like Ezra? What message is hidden in this matter-of-fact account of the return after exile? (This issue of Create a Learning Site is published in February 2019; see www.wilrens.org.)
Topics: Ezra, narrative criticism, temple, house of God
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Nov 26, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
audio

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From the beginning, the church had it wrong. This is what Jesus really meant. Create a Learning Site issue for January 2019 (see www.wilrens.org).
Topics: divorce, Instone-Brewer, remarriage, certificate of divorce
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Nov 15, 2018
audio

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Final episode: Greg Boyd's book, The Crucifixion of the Warrior God, in practice. how does cruciform exegesis function?
Topics: Boyd, cruciform, Greg Boyd, Gregory Boyd, cruciform
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Oct 12, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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"The Crucifixion of the Warrior God" continued: I am looking at the second half of volume 1. Boyd gives us a sample of OT passages the finds troubling, then presents his solution. Hmm...
Topics: Boyd, cruciform, Gregory Boyd, Greg Boyd
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Sep 24, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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 am continuing my exploration of what Greg Boyd considers "violent portrayals" of God and violence in the OT. Does the warrior God need to be crucified, as Boyd argues?
Topics: Greg Boyd, Crucifixion of the Warrior God, violence, cruciform
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Aug 3, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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The second issue on violence in the OT - in preparation of interacting with Greg Boyd's book, The Crucifixion of the Warrior God . This is all about the book of Joshua. Plenty of violence there. Or not? The written version is long, so I could not include everything in this video (esp. many references are missing). If you want the full story, you need to visit www.wilrens.org!
Topics: Boyd, Gregory Boyd, Greg Boyd, Joshua, Canaan, Conquest, Crucifixion of the Warrior God
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Jun 29, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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There is plenty of violence in the Old Testament. Greg Boyd has written a thick book about it, The Crucifixion of the Warrior God. Before I dive into this book, I do some digging of my own.  What exactly did God command the Israelites to do when they entered the land of Canaan?
Topics: Boyd, Greg Boyd, Gregory Boyd, Conquest, Joshua, Herem, Canaanites
Sermons & Religious Lectures
May 30, 2018
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How to read (and apply) stories? It is not as simple as it may seem, but it is worth the effort to think about this. Narrative criticism helps us to delve into the deep riches of biblical narrative.
Topics: narrative, story, narrator, implied author
Sermons & Religious Lectures
May 15, 2018
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My talk at the Biblical Studies Consultation in Holland: how to win the war of art.
Topics: time management, Steven Pressfield, war of art
Sermons & Religious Lectures
May 15, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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My talk at the Biblical Studies Consultation in Holland: how to win the war of art.
Topics: time management, Steven Pressfield, War of Art
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Apr 16, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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Matthew, Mark, and Luke have much in common, more than can be explained by the fact that they are telling the story of Jesus (so does John). How can this be explained? Is it true that Mark wrote first? Did that mysterious source named Q really exist? Solving the synoptic problem, how hard can that be?
Topics: Synoptic, Griesbach, Goodacre, Farrer, Q, Two Source Hypothesis
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 5, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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Listen to fascinating background information on the seven cities to which the book of Revelation was written. It will help you read the seven letters with new understanding! In case you want to use this information as a handout for teaching Revelation: Head over to http://www.wilrens.org/de/2018/04/cals48/ to download the text version.
Topics: Revelation, Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardes, Philadelphia, Laodicea
Miscellaneous Podcasts
Jan 24, 2018 Wilrens Hornstra
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We know quite a bit about the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib in 701 BC. And yet, there are tough questions, too. Was Sennacherib the victor he claimed to be? Why did he leave? And when, where, and to what purpose did Hezekiah pay him a tribute? Find out more! Create a Learning Site is a blogsite, monthly e-mail newsletter and video podcast to help you go deeper in your understanding of the Bible. For more, visit http://www.wilrens.org!
Topics: Sennacherib, Lachish, Hezekiah, Assyrians, Tribute
Sermons & Religious Lectures
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How early Christians capitalised on the codex innovation, why "kingdom of heaven ", the true meaning of the rapture - a random sample of three gems from my recent reading.
Topics: Codex, Matthew, Kingdom of Heaven, rapture, tribulation
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Nov 10, 2017 Wilrens Hornstra
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Did you know that the fourth gospel never mentions the name John (except for John the Baptist, who obviously cannot be its author, and for the father of Peter)? So who is the "disciple whom Jesus loved"? Join me on a fascinating quest to identify the author of the fourth gospel.
Topics: John, Gospel of John, Richard Bauckham, Beloved Disciple
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Nov 9, 2017 Wilrens Hornstra
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Part 2 of a look at the OT law: What can we actually do with it? How do we go about "using" the law?
Topics: Law, Torah
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Oct 30, 2017 Wilrens Hornstra
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What do New Testament believers do with the Old Testament law (part 1)?
Topic: law
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Sep 21, 2017 Wilrens Hornstra
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Why do Christians end up with radically different interpretations? We find part of the answer when we think about thinking.
Topics: Thinking, Kahneman
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Aug 11, 2017
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Why does the Bible begin with a garden? And end with a garden-temple-city of humongous proportions??
Topics: Beal, G. K. Beale, Temple, Tabernacle, Revelation 21, Garden of Eden
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Jul 24, 2017
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Since the Bible is written in human language, it pays off to consider how language works if we want to understand it better. Make an excursion to the field of linguistics!
Topics: linguistics, semantic field, language, discourse analysis
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Jun 23, 2017
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Let's learn about learning!
Topics: Learning, Bloom's Taxonomy
Sermons & Religious Lectures
May 15, 2017
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Expository preaching - a power tool for God's church. Learn more!
Topic: expository preaching
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 16, 2017
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Surprise: Luther wrote more on the book of Psalms than on any other book in the Bible.
Topics: Lament Psalms, Penitential Psalms, Luther
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 16, 2017
audio

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LXX? These letters stand for "Septuagint,", but that hardly makes it any clearer. So let's explore. What is the Septuagint and why does it matter?
Topics: LXX, Septuaginta
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Mar 16, 2017
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Sermons & Religious Lectures
Feb 23, 2017 Wilrens Hornstra
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I am reading the book of Revelation: the end is in sight. Here is a report on what it was like to read the New Testament in Greek.
Topic: Greek NT
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Sep 26, 2016 Wilrens Hornstra, Create a Learning Site
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What is wrong with the SourceView Bible App? Everything. Or nothing. It all depends on how you use it. Find out four pitfalls to avoid in order to put this app to use.
Topics: SourceView, SphereView, SourceView app, Bible apps
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Aug 25, 2016 wilrens
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On a quest to find a better key to this book - if there is one. Produced for: Create a Learning Site. Visit http://www.wilrens.org for more information on this monthly teaching input for those wanting to go deeper in their understanding of the Bible.
Topics: Ecclesiastes, Qohelet, biblical studies, bible, bible study, books of the bible
Sermons & Religious Lectures
Aug 25, 2016 wilrens
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This issue was originally created for the YWAM Together Health Track. Produced for: Create a Learning Site. Visit http://www.wilrens.org for more information on this monthly teaching input for those wanting to go deeper in their understanding of the Bible.
Topics: health, biblical studies, bible, bible study, health, bible, shalom