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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 12, 2015 2:00am-2:31am EST

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ray suarez hosts inside story weekdays at 5pm et / 2pm pt only on al jazeera america a massive show of unity 4 million people from a multitude of faiths, cultures and nationalities march against extremism across france. ♪ ♪ >> hello welcome to al jazerra i am martin dennis, we are live from doha. also to come, two more suicide attacks carried out by young girls in nigeria, just a day after a 10-year-old blew herself up in a market. divers retrieve one of the black boxes from the air asia flight that crashed in to the java sea
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last month. >> am here where the schools are reopening today. but many private schools are still not up to the mark when it comes to security arrangements. ♪ ♪ it was a demonstration of epic proportions. almost 4 million people across france marching in solidarity. world leaders locked arms as the french president led them down the streets of paris. all in opposition to the attacks that left 17 people and three gunmen dead last week. jacky rowland reports. >> reporter: a president and a people united in their loss. words of comfort for the families who lost loved ones, and gestures of support for those who survived. the victims were journalists police officers, and customers of a jewish supermarket.
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unconnected before, now linked by the violent actions of three men. leaders from more than 40 countries stood shoulder to shoulder with the french president. on this day the president said, paris is the capital of the world. people gathered at the traditional starting point for marches in the city. men and well, young and old united in their wish to reaffirm the french values of freedom equality and fraternity. >> i think it's very important to show our support to the people who died during those attacks. and to show that we all support freedom of speech. >> we are proud to be muslim and we want to fight for unity of all french people. >> somehow it shows that people care.
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and that liberty remains something, means something to us. >> reporter: organizers were expecting a million people. in the end, there were even more. it is an extraordinary sight the square is absolutely packed with people and the crowds are spilling out in to a adjoining streets, paris hasn't seen scenes like this since the city was liberateed from nazi occupation more than 70 years ago. earlier the french interior minister hosted a brief security meeting bringing together his counterparts from europe and the u.s. attorney general. an acknowledgment that they are facing a threat that transcends national boarders. >> translator: we need approach this both globally and operationally. we have identified two areas where we hope to affirm and enforce our cooperation. the ways we stop the movement of foreign fighters and terrorist cells and the fight against factors of radicalizations
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especially on the internet. >> reporter: in recognition of the jewish victims of the attacks, the french president and the israeli prime minister visited the grand synagog in paris. politicians need to strike a balance between protecting their citizens and upholding the freedoms of western democracy's value. back out on the streets and the marchers started to move forward, walking the short but symbolic route. the violent events of the past week struck at the heart of the capital and threatened to drive a wedge between different communities. the loud and clear reply from all of these people, france is united. jacky rowland, al jazerra paris. the solidarity rally was a momentum occasion for france, but even while the demonstrations were tanging place, many were asking what is next. a day litter.
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syncker reports from one of the most culturally diverse cities in france. >> reporter: this large gathering was a show of defines a mess i think solidarity and condemnation of the recent killings in paris but behind these slogans, there was an underlying fear of distrust and fear of one another. marseille is france's second hra*rlg largest city. one of the most diverse societies in the country with a large muslim population along with a sizable jewish community. some of them chose to make their identity clear. i am charlie. i am the police. and i am a jew is written on some of the posters. france's jews say they have long felt like targets but the hostage crisis at the kosher grocery store on friday was for them a sign of what is to come. this. >> this could have happened to any one of us, to one of our sons torque one of our brothers, so this is terrible. and that's why all of the jews flee from france and go to israel. >> reporter: the authorities have been trying to calm fears
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after the worst attack on fresh of soil in decades but those promises and the increased police presence have done little to convince many that more violence can be prevented. many people here have told us that they are afraid. they said last week's attackses were onlyattackswere only the beginning. some have said the enemy lives among them and the authorities won't able to win the fight. and this feeling is being capitalized by france's far right, which as of late, has gained popularity in the south of france for it's anti-immigration views. the ideology it represents is increasingly attracting sport especially after the recent violence. >> translator: it is true, such events encourage people to join the far right. >> reporter: it is that feeling that worries muslims who are ken concerned about if communities can continue to live together. >> translator: there are divisions in marseille, like everyone where else, but the problem is that nothing is being done to bring communities together. >> reporter: this city has long been considered as the melting
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pot of france. but last week's attack is questioning whether that label will remain. zeina khodr al jazerra marseille? suicide bombers including girls aged 10 and fine years old have killed at least two dozen people within the past 48 hours in northern nigeria. more than from the capital abuja. >> reporter: it's a worrying development in nigeria. we can see the older men attacking police and military positions, using devices like that but now over the last few months, we are seeing a number of girls increasing number of girls being used as suicide bombers. now, this is not the first time. yesterday we heard another story where a suicide bomber as young as 10 years blew herself up in the marketplace killing nearly 20 people. and then this development where two girls were involved. late last year we are seeing so many girls involved in suicide
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bombings in the northern city. so this is a worrying development for nigerians and people are actually at a loss now because they see boko haram using a new device or another tactic to attack military positions and other strategic areas in nigeria. indonesian search and rescue teams say they have found one of the two flight recorders from the crashed air asia plane. while the flight data recorder has been retrieved. teams are still searching for the cockpit voice reporter. the tail of the plane has already been brought ashore after being lifted from the sea bed. the plane crashed in to the java sea on december 28th. step vaessen is following the story from jakarta. >> reporter: finally two weeks after a long and difficult recovery process with very bad weather conditions, divers have now found the flight data recorder under are the wing of the air asia flight on the way
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to singapore. the recorder will be brought to jakarta and it will all be investigated right here and people hope here that in a few weeks to a few months, more will be clear about what exactly has happened during that fatal flight. we only know that the pilot in the last minute asked to increase altitude and then all contact was lost and it crashed in to the sea. both of these pieces of equipment should give us more clearance about the actual cause of the crash during bad weather conditions that fatal sunday morning. and the school that was the site of one of the worst attacks in pakistan's history has reopened. 150 people, mostly children were killed when taliban gunmen storm the army public school in december. wall have his now been raised and electronic fencing added to boost security. many other schools around pakistan though, have installed security measures that are similar. kamal has more. >> reporter: although the government has reonly the
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schools across pakistan, there is apprehension that there will be more deadly attacks like the one that took place on december 16th, lead to go 150 killed including 132 children now importantly the government has already issued guidelines for security to be stepped up in private schools as well. however, in the city which has more than 1400 schools, 1200 schools have not got up with the mark and will not get the no objection certificate. there are also concerns that stepped up security including the walk-through gates the metal detectors and the razor wires will add to the security costs which will also mean an extra burden for the parents and the students who are studying at those institutions. so a big challenge as part of the government is concerned which, of course, wants to reopen the schools but also have to take adequate measures to insure the safety of the children.
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sri lanka's new government is investigating an alleged attempt by the former president to stay in office after initial results shows he was heading for defeat. the new president came to power with fleshers to investigate corruption and change the political system. he managed to secure the votes of the tamil people in the north of the country. now they are hoping that his new government will repay their faith. >> reporter: this is the northern peninsula. most of the people who live here are tamils, and their vote in the events presidential election was critical. it helped swing the election. >> translator: we voted for him because we think he will be good for us. he must realize why so many tamils chose him. if he does, it will also be clear what he must do. >> translator: if he remembers why the tamal tamil people voted for
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him and delivers that, will be enough. >> reporter: the main tamil alliance backed him. it's now waiting for him to keep his promises. >> we are confidents that he is going to nominate and formulate a national council for address the immediate issues facing the country as well as importantly the tamil areas particularly. [ inaudible ] >> reporter: tamils who make up around 12% of the population have long complained about discrimination at the hands of the majority leaders. this content led to a violent struggle to win tamil rights and the creation of the tamil tigers. but five years after crushing the movement the former president could not bring peace. instead, his government drew criticism and accusations of human rights violations during the final stages of the war. allegations he denied. the united nations has also launched an investigation in to the an sayings.
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though he brought an end to almost 30 years of war, he was unable to win over the tamil people. having grown tired of broken promises that they would be treated better, the community has placed it's a a faith in the new president. academy students at the university say they have regular run ins with the government and military any recent years. those i spoke to on sunday say they are happy with the election result. >> translator: after the war we had food, we had houses but we didn't have freedom. we were suffering a lot of psychological pressure. studying, even when we slept we weren't at peace that's why we wanted a change. not just university students, but everyone throughout the north and the east. >> reporter: tamils have used their collective vote to make a change. one they hope will be for the better. al jazerra northern sri lanka. still to come on the program, how health workers in senegal are preserving vaccines for children in a remote region
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without electricity. and we go shopping for a secondhand coat in yemen but why do many customers want to keep it quiet? [[vo]] rock star astronaut chris hadfield. >>everything i've done has been fun stuff. [[vo]] mind-blowing discoveries & >>it's on the edge of impossible. [[vo]] terrifying near-death experiences & >>if it had been higher, it'd hit us. [[vo]] and an exciting future that's closer than you think. >>go from being an air traveller
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hello again, let's look at the top stories here in al jazerra. almost 4 million people marched across french. world leaders led by the french president joined the rally in paris. the massive show the unity followed three days of deadly attacks in paris. two young female suicide bombers have blown themselves up
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in a market in northern nigh year i can't. nigeria it comes just a day after a 10-year-old girl killed 19 people at a market. the school that was the site of one of the worst attacks in pakistan's history was reopened. 150 people, most of them children were killed when taliban gunmen stormed the army public school last month. so we are going to have a look now at our top story, of course those rallies those extraordinary rallies that we saw happen across france yesterday. remy is an a sit tonight professor in dough happen. he joins me now, as a frenchman oven been watching these events unfold. extraordinary scenes yesterday quite uplifting ill imagine. but none the the problems that were there before exist today. >> indeed, but it was very important what happened. and i have had the privilege to be here and commenting with you for the last few days and i have always been trying to circle
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around the value of those vents you mention i am a french sid sen and i am also a a professor in qatar so i understand the impression on the region on charlie hebdo. yesterday a called one of my childhood friends who is a teacher in middle school. he has muslim students, christian students and people that don't belong to a specific religion and he mentioned what is your perspective on charlie hebdo? and you heard some students saying, yes, maybe they got what they deserved for the most, you know hardcore, pro tendencies, maybe stronger. and others said they never watched charlie hebdo. when he showed the different drawings, you could see that people were laughing about it when they were looking at something different. laughing when they had like a drawing of, you know, francois hollande when he's on a scooter trying to find his love love affair
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or some things. the drawing. we have friends from the jewish faith or muslim faith or christian faith and the idea of drawing like how kids are drawing, like they express when they express drawing when they are playing in a courtyard they actually don't look at what is the faith of the other child they don't look at the color they don't look at what the background is and suddenly by growing adult we so see more what puts us different that actually unites us, those craig was maybe the cradle of bringing the different faith together. >> the question now for policy makers in trans really, is what needs to be put in place in order to prevent that tiny minority because it is a tiny minority of predominantly young people that follow the path towards extremism. what do you think is uppermost in terms of policy minds this morning? >> there is a party that needs to be adapted more on the european level than national level. they are they really have to be
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dealt at a more international scale. but the real answer will come from the grass root itself. come from the citizens that understand that through education, through i want action with other communities not make this moment, those 4 million people marching in the streets just one day just january 11th but something that will last longer by creating together, having common association, dinners towing. with all have as i said a neighbor that is from different faith or color or background. we have to know them better. we have to understand them better because once you have the understands, it decreases confidence. >> okay, thank you for now. >> thank you. >> assistants professor at qatar university. let's go to south korea now because the president there is saying that she is open to holding a summit with the north korean leader kim jong un. she also says that there will be no preconditions for talks but she still is insisting that an end to pyongyang's nuclear program should be part of the
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discussions. harry fawcett is in seoul with the lace he felt. >> reporter: since she came to power two years ago she has been consistent in saying shells be open to talks with her north korean opposite member, but only if there were a real chance of progress stemming from such a summit. there will be no talks for talk sake. now she says that there are no preconditions for a summit as far as she is concerned. although she does say that there needs to be sincerity on the part of the north koreans denuke saying needs to be parts of the talks if they are to to lead to real prospects of peace and reiron indication on this peninsula, those two elements themselves would not be recondition to his sit down with kim jong un. what seems to be changed is kim jong un made a statement saying he would be open to a summit if the conditions were right and this is the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war meaning the end of japanese occupation and the beginning of the division on this pa
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minutes los angelesminutes los angeles but we are a long ways away. also saying that she wants to see a reunion vents for families separated by the end of fighting in the korean war in 1953. within weeks no response to that so far. the north koreans are age are you about the condescending of the anti-korean leaflets across the board buyer activists in the south. attach today balloons. >> the north koreans saying talks can't happen in such an atmosphere despite the fact that both leaders say in theory at least they are taupe a summit. plenty of territory to be covered before one can become an aye a real estate alt. in iraq as you know the army is in a long-running battle with isil forces trying to take background that isil has already taken, particularly there is a fight going on in the villages surrounding beige i. this is a very important
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location as mohamed adow now explains. >> reporter: it's down. the sun comes through and lights up the battlefields of the fight the iraqi army is in engaged in with isil fighters. the army's target this morning is the village. this is the road to the biggest refinery. >> we are making some gains. we will be victorious, our forces are still advancing. the army will be victorious over the enemy. >> reporter: as the fighting intensifies, some of the troops take cover behind their vehicles. this is not a conventional war. and isil's tactics saying these men are draining their energy. they are however thankful for the air support that they got. it's what's making the
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difference for them. in the distance, smoke rises from an isil hide out in one of the farms targeted by an army helicopter. also supporting the army are these shia militia men from the popular mobilization forces. they say they will never give up. >> translator: we will hunt them down whenever they go. by the blessings of. [ inaudible ] we will defeat them and kill them one by one as we cry out loud we cherish you. >> reporter: success at least. and the army moves in to the village. they have managed to push their opponents back towards tikrit. they have to move carefully because improvised explosive devices are almost everywhere. some of the houses have been destroyed by explosives and booby traps. isil left behind as it retreated. it is deserted. its 200,000 residents fled long before the fighting got to their village. and the iraqi police destroy any
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unexploited devices. the army has a big job at hand, it knows isil's tactics too well and cannot afford it relax isil is increasingly using car and suicide bombs against the iraqi army and against the peshmerga fighters in the kurdish region, dozens have been killed in the past few days alone in those kind of attacks mohamed in northern iraq. now, yemen is one of the poorest countries in the world and as omar reports from the capital, families there are often forced to macon pleasant choices like buying secondhand clothes a practice which for many brings shame. >> reporter: one of yemen's ancient onessers and behind its walls is where many poor get their secondhand garments. there is a perfect place for those who wants cheap clothes and keep quiet about it. many people here can't buy brand-new clothes they can't afford it. but they don't feel good about
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buying them. for some, it's a stigma. this man allowed our camera to film him. he's looking for winter clothes to keep his children warm. but he's embarrassed to talk. there are many items to choose from. he finally got what he wants three pieces for all over $4. outside the walls of the old quarter of the capital stalls like these are scattered all over the busy streets. and many people are not shy to stop cheng and buy. this man wants a cheap coat. >> translator: the high streets are for the well off people. those with businesses and golden chairs but this place is for the poor. items at the most cast between 150, 100 u.s. dollars here you get them for two or $4. >> reporter: taboo or not it's winter now so coats and jackets are in big demands. many people are forced to come here. more than half of the population in yemen lives under the poverty line that's according to the u.n.
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many people here are forced to buy used garments even if they are shy about it. and until the economy improves and the government recreates more jobs, millions of people will probably continue to buy wear and sell used garments. that's why the secondhand clothing business is booming. some dealers say it's not only the cheap prices that brings in customers. >> translator: there is a boom because all of these things are brands made in europe, it's better quality than the new clothes. >> reporter: for many here it could be a long wait before their income improves, until that happens cheap and used clothes are a luxury. omar, al jazerra sanaa. senegal is pursuing a immunization program to reduce child mortal at this, but as nicholas hark reports from the remote village getting the vaccines to remote areas is a real challenge. >> reporter: visits from the nurse and his team are a special occasion. there are no hospitals in this remote region, their arrival
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always attracts a crowd especially when they are spotted carrying vaccine coolers. no one here has ever been vaccinated. >> translator: it's late. all the kids of the village of getting it. the government has made vaccinations free of charge for all children under five. >> reporter: but getting it to those who need it the most is difficult. vaccines need to be kept between 0 and 8 disease celsius in, this environment at the typically last only a few days, damaged because of lack of proper storage. >> translator: there is no electricity here to power a fridge sometimes we have ice but we can't control the temperature. no one really paid attention to this problem before. giving us vaccines is not enough. it's crucial we find a way to conserve and transport immunizations otherwise our work is useless. >> reporter: many children continues to suffer from infectious diseases like at that, buttuberculosis polio or yellow
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fever. too many children die of preventable diseases take a look at necessary numbers one if 1.5 children guide last year because they weren't vaccinated the unites nations says it's not acceptable. uncief is distributing newbie li designed coolers to nurses in regions where children die the most. on the outside they look lying regular coolers but take a closer look, these are manufactured specifically to withstands the tough subis herron climate. the bill and melinda gates foundation is investing millions of dollars in companies developing new coolers this, one is powered by rechargeable batteries and can keep the vaccie ownsvaccines for up to a month. researchers are working on a solar powered version. some district health workers argue that these latest designs are impractical. coolers need to be light and sturdy enough to withstand the shocks of transport. back in the village the team is
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on the road again. these vaccines need to be used before they are damaged. ahead is a 10-kilometer walk to the next village. where more children are waiting for their first life-saving injection. i.s.i.l. red states versus blue states, the deep economic divide between them put all of america's prosperity in jeopardy. i'm ali velshi. this is "real money".