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tv   Hard Earned 2015 Ep 3  Al Jazeera  January 28, 2019 9:00am-10:00am +03

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when the killing of at least twenty three muslims by the army triggered a separatist uprising there since then more than one hundred thousand people have been killed and millions displaced the more liberation front or m.i.l.f. as a key player in the separatist movement a peace agreement was reached in twenty fourteen after two decades of negotiations with the philippine government and that's led to a new law which paves the way for the creation of the bangsamoro government and return to. give up its weapons and. thirty thousand fighters so head on the news hour we'll have the latest on saddam's and bread protests which are threatening the twenty nine year for the president on the share class. it does not i would say justify violence was motivating the red scarf movement to stand up two weeks of yellow left demonstrations in front.
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from sunset so it's proving. to summarize atop a nation metropolis hello again welcome back to international weather forecast well across china we're not looking too bad over the next few days we're actually seeing those winds parallel to the coast here across the southeast but where those winds start to make it in a section of long the coastline or that is well researched see some clouds as well as down here towards vietnam the possibility of some showers so for shanghai a partly cloudy a few at eleven down towards hong kong twenty two degrees and really not shady too much as we go towards tuesday well for the southern part of the philippines over the next few days we do expect to see some showers coming into play in some of those showers could be heavy at times we could even be seeing some localized flooding across the region down here towards to carter the rain showers the very heavy rain showers we saw in the middle of the week are beginning to taper off but it's still going to be a wet day for you at thirty one degrees. and up toward singapore it is going to be
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heavier showers if you in your forecast over the next few days with attempt to there of about twenty nine degrees where across central india we did see quite a bit of rain here anywhere from kolkata all the way down here towards hyderabad the good news is the rain is beginning to taper off so we are back to that dry can dry season conditions as we normally see this time of year so here's the rain here on monday but as we go towards tuesday things begin to dry up and then down torture lunch we are looking at partly cloudy at thirty. the with the sponsor. in september twenty seventh the people of the kurdish region of northern iraq voted in favor of independence for. the joy was short lived as the iraqi government reacted against any idea of separation. al-jazeera world travels to the kurdish region. to investigate independent of the iraqi
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kurds on al-jazeera. it's good to have you with us on al-jazeera these are our top stories u.s. national security adviser john bolton has warned venezuela's president of a significant response of opposition leaders on why bill or washington's diplomats are targeted why the law says the world government is resting hundreds of his supporters the search has resumed for nearly three hundred people missing after a dam burst and. fifty eight people are now confirmed dead rescue workers say there is little hope of finding survivors under the mining waste released by friday's collapse of the islamic state of iraq and the levant says it's responsible for an
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attack on a cathedral and the southern philippines at least twenty people were killed and dozens injured in two bomb blasts on the predominantly muslim island of hall or. there being more anti-government protests in sudan's capital for that call and sided with a visit by president omar al bashir to egypt where he's accused the media of exaggeration the extent of the on the wrist have a morgue and reports from the. it's his second visit outside his country in less than a week as to dance president obama bashir faces continuing calls back home to end his thirty year rule and step down calls that started six weeks ago and to which he has remained defiant to heed. there is a problem in sudan we cannot claim that we don't have a problem but some media take it out of size and dimension it is an attempt to clone what is being called the arab spring in sudan it has the same slogans programmes and requests it also has the same use of social media however the sudanese people have learned the lesson that they have seen what happened in some
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of the states that went through the so-called arab spring and its negative implications wedding the sudanese people are very alert and will not fall into anyone's trap to destabilize sudan. the demonstrations started in mid december in the city of odds over rising bread prices it quickly spread to other parts of the country with thousands taking to the streets demanding that and bashir who's been in power since one thousand eight hundred nine and his rule security forces are accused of using excessive force with bullets and tear gas used to disperse peaceful unarmed for texters. the government says twenty nine have been killed since protests began rights groups say that number is at least fifty with dozens more injured. opposition to a bush years rule is not only industry some political parties have lend support to those protesting and on sunday the federal party one of the parties in the national government announced that it's withdrawing its participation in the government
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becoming the third party to do so since the demonstrations began in the for the. there are g.m. has lost legitimacy and the ability to deal with the political crisis and trust in the regime has been lost we hope that the president steps down and paves the way for an interim government that is agreed upon by all sides the protests are seem to be the biggest challenge to be here since he came to power and some analysts say the ruling party is running out of time to find ways to overcome and. the withdrawal of the federal party today is a sign that the ruling party is weakening so it has to take a step back and find a solution to the wave of protest of was more political parties will withdraw from the government and join the opposition movements. a movement triggered by an economic crisis which has become a nationwide call for change and to which there seems to be no end in the horizon going to al-jazeera. in yemen dozens of mothers have been protesting in the
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southern port city of aden asking the government for information about their missing sons the woman who's been demonstrating daily rallied outside the home of the interior minister it's believed most of the men are being held in detention and were captured during the ongoing civil war aiden's under the control of the cell the immorality backed yemeni government. a new round of talks between the u.s. on water gonna start and the taliban will be held in the next month still may have . to brief the government on the goshi asians to end the seventeen year war secretary of state to my palm post says the u.s. is serious about pursuing pays and bringing america's armed forces home to reports . afghans eager to learn more about the peace talks between the u.s. and the taliban. government leaders in kabul are not commenting they have complained about not being involved in the latest round of talks in qatar's capital
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. afghans we spoke to hope the talks in doha will help and the war while others are skeptical. made what has been the we are very hopeful all the afghans are tired of for exploration in suicide attack in this country they are hoping for a brighter future and i am very hopeful that these talks will bring a bright future for us and for the future of afghanistan. we afghans don't trust groups affiliated with foreign intelligence agencies the u.s. must talk with the afghan people because we are the ones who suffer this is not peace what kind of peace is this the us own boy to afghanistan is in kabul to brief president assad funny when his meeting with the taliban. and reported that there had been significant progress the taliban though we're being cautious saying talks with continue to overcome obstacles one of them is agreeing on a timeline for the withdrawal of foreign troops initially the taliban dismissed
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any overtures towards the u.s. as long as american forces in afghanistan. the taliban has rejected direct talks with the afghan government which is considered an american puppet but peace in afghanistan goes beyond internal disputes the u.s. hopes neighboring pakistan can play a crucial role in the talks the afghan government and the white house have often accused the pakistani government of providing weapons and shelter for taliban fighters accusations denied by leaders in islamabad we would like to see us getting from. as friend of the region so that having exited there must not abandon afghanistan in terms of the social economic development restoration of. the
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development process the u.s. hopes the doha talks will lead to a cease fire and polish airing agreements that would pave the way for tens of thousands of u.s. troops to pull out of afghanistan. want to start a long time ally of u.s. president donald trump has said he'll consider cooperating with special counsel. investigation stone who was arrested on friday has denied charges of lying to congress of struction and what must hampering if there is wrongdoing by other people in the campaign that i don't know about which i know of no one but if there is i would certainly testify honestly i'd also testify honestly about any other matter including any communications with the president it's true that we spoke on the phone but those communications are political in nature there but now i and there is there is certainly no conspiracy with russia donna stroke has more from washington well roger stone does seem to be hedging
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a bet on friday when he was indicted he said that he would not bear witness against president trump now today as he made the rounds on the sunday talk show he said that he may consult with his attorney. and he may have a conversation with the special prosecutor what we don't know is what else robert muller may have up his sleeve he may have additional charges that he could bring against roger stone that we might compel him to turn evidence against the president we just don't know at this point we've kind of seen this thing play out over and over again where people close to the president like his attorney michael cohen and his former campaign manager paul man a fourth say that they would not talk and then ended up flipping against the president and we could see that again play out with roger stone brazil's president has been admitted to hospital in sao paulo where he's due to undergo surgery on monday. has life had life threatening wounds often he was stabbed in the stomach
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while campaigning in september of the operation would remove a colostomy bag and sent it off to the attack doctors say he could take up to ten days to recover. now thousands of protesters have rallied in the french capital to call for an end to violence and disruption caused by three months of anti-government demonstrations and like the so-called yellow vest movement they used colored clothing to highlight their message the talk to reports from paris. a new citizens movement in france created online and now on the streets of paris they call themselves the red scarves and they say they're fighting back against months of finance and disruption by yellow fest protesters thousands marched through the city to demand an end to the yellow vest blockades and demonstrations they hedged unity and respect for fraud says democracy and institutions are calling up or drink on us here we are here to sign and there are laws in france and in europe i should
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be respected and the violence must stop and this the test of the image of france great boy minority of people of course demonstration is right i appreciate the right of the most special will demonstrate. it does not i would say justify violence some people here say they used to support the yellow vests and many share their concerns over the rising cost of living but they say the weekly scenes of unrest are too much on saturday police and yellow vests demonstrators clashed again in several cities across france since the movement began in november eleven people have been killed dozens injured. as the red scarves reached by steal a symbol of the french revolution the divisions between the two movements was clear behind those bullies. in the past and. on the steps of your house or yellow vests protestors and it's something of
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a standoff with both sides taking each other. see them if the movement was really against violence than most yellow vests would have proved were not for violence obviously but listening to their slogans and when you look at them it seems more like a pro micromanaged to me emanuel mark karr has been promoting his national debate initiative aimed at quelling the yellow vest demonstrations by giving people more of a say in the way that france is run opinion polls suggest the french president is regaining some popularity of to months of low ratings micro hasn't commented on the red scarf movement but he might hope it is a sign that the tide is turning in his favor the tasha butler al-jazeera paris. i'm your by the russian shot as banksy on our door what they bought a car and paris has been stolen ninety people were killed at the concert hall and an attack orchestrated by iceland twenty fifteen the painting showed a young girl one of the loss of life. survivors of the auschwitz death camp have
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gathered at the site to mark holocaust remembrance day it comes after a year which has seen and creaks and anti-semitic attacks including the fatal stabbing of an eighty five year old holocaust survivor and france and october a gunman killed eleven jews that a synagogue in pittsburgh the deadliest attack of its kind in u.s. history. people in the north of our city of london derry have been marching to remember bloody sunday when british troops killed fourteen unarmed civilians the events of nine hundred seventy two took place during the height of the troubles a conflict putting mostly catholic irish nationalists or republicans against british mostly protestant unionists the march also comes awake after suspected dissident republicans detonated a bomb and bury catherine stenciled reports there was a shot fired and i heard very clearly the acts of violence are seared in bernadotte mccalla skews memory one thousand nine hundred seventy two she was an m.p.
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addressing a crowd of more than ten thousand people in london derry during a civil rights march that was banned and it took a deadly turn don't panic they are firing over our heads. as the words are coming out of my mouth because i am standing looking. i could hear all the shots and i could see a whole march of people whose b.s. is were looking at me beginning to get done like this so the words. of words are coming out of my wife my brain was telling me that's not right the killing of civilians by the british army led to a massive ira recruiting drive if you will to three decades of violence during the troubles with nationalist mostly catholic groups wanting an end to british rule against protestants who wanted northern ireland to remain in the u.k. in twenty ten a british government inquiry into bloody sunday determined that the killings were
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unjustified an apology was issued but the inquiry never led to prosecutions something the victims and their families are still fighting for this year's march focuses on the role that was played by top british military officials who ordered soldiers to fire on not civil rights march here in one nine hundred seventy two and the people marching here today say they won't rest until those responsible face justice kate and linda nash are two of the organizers of the march their nineteen year old brother william was killed their father alex was injured trying to save him what i want as them to be prosecuted to know that their brand as murderers so that the war and their names are right but i also want the truth. the proper troth of bloody sunday others in derry don't believe a march is necessary instead victims are quietly remembered at the bloody sunday
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memorial but the recent spate of dissident ira activity is casting a shadow over this anniversary a ghost of the past coming back to life people suffered a lot over those years and certainly i don't want to be. in the future like i am i have grandchildren and certainly i don't want my grandchildren to love for me what i went three. for kate and others they say they'll continue to make their voices heard and i will want that burden. you know left. at least give me a great sense of pace and really work catherine stansell al-jazeera dairy northern ireland. hello again i'm elizabeth problem and aha but the headlines on al-jazeera u.s. national security adviser john bolton has warned venezuela's president of a significant response if opposition leader why the all washington's diplomats are
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targeted why the law says the government is arresting hundreds of his supporters a latin america editor lucien newman has more from colombia's border with venezuela a forum the tracks political arrests in venezuela says that over the weekend alone the number has gone up from five hundred to nearly eight hundred why they were called in fact on the on the high commissioner of the united nations for human rights we said back to lead to visit venezuela so the tea can witness what is transpiring the search has resumed for nearly three hundred people missing after a dam burst in southeastern brazil fifty eight people are confirmed dead rescue workers say there is little hope of finding survivors under the mining waste released by friday's collapse. a neighboring peru an avalanche of modern rock has question to a hotel killing at least fifteen people it happened in the southern city of guy the mudslide broke through the walls of the hotel injuring thirty four people. i still
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has claimed responsibility for an attack on a cathedral in the southern philippines at least twenty people were killed and dozens injured in two bomb blasts on the predominantly muslim on them of haldol palestinian protesters and israeli troops have clashed near ramallah in the occupied west bank comes a day after a palestinian man was shot dead during a confrontation between israeli settlers and residents of more village thousands of mourners attended his funeral on sunday anti-government protests that continue across the dawn for the sixth week demonstrators and demanding the resignation of president omar al bashir he was in car of the talks with his egyptian counterpart where he says that the media is exaggerating the challenge to his leadership thousands of protesters wearing red scarves have rallied in the french capital to call for an end to violence and disruption caused by three months of anti-government demonstrations well those are the headlines on
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al-jazeera inside story is coming up next thank you very much for watching. can there be peace in that the southern philippines bomb blasts killed the catholic cathedral after a landslide vote for why the self rule in the mostly lives in the region will be attacked him the efforts and sixty years of rule with rebels this is inside story.
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hello there welcome to the program i'm laura caro it was hoped hall for a century of conflict in the southern philippines was coming to an end at long last boss on sunday to bomb blasts in the muslim majority south. of the security situation the first explosion was during sunday mass inside the catholic cathedral in hollow the capital of sulu province the second blast happened as soldiers arrived at the scene dozens were killed and injured the attacks followed last monday's referendum in the region of mindanao which overwhelmingly voted for more self rule in an expanded autonomous region but. the deal. in just a moment but first a. discussion from manila. the first bomb exploded inside the cathedral while mass was ongoing then panicked survivors and show which church goers rushed out when they were met by a group of soldiers on
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a truck responding to the first attack that's when the second bomb was detonated right outside the cathedral and according to the philippine military he was placed inside a container box in a motorcycle parked right outside because the joke was this is not the first time that attacks like this one happened it's the law the message is quite clear to the philippine government and to all other groups operating. in hollow that that's the law will always remain to be a powder keg all across the mindanao region that despite efforts of the minute she basically to contain the situation this is my say entire region of. of mindanao under martial rule and despite multimillion dollar fines that the government and civil society groups are unable to contain hollow at this point it comes at a very difficult time that there is a referendum that means that the mid-term mid-term elections are well underway and it's good to know that even if you look at the map of the law it me seems very
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small but it is one of the most militarized areas in the southern philippines almost all armed groups in the area operate in hello there's the more islamic liberation front the more a national liberation front and several factions of the notorious abu sayyaf group not to mention private armed groups being run and operated by local political elites there at this point so it remains to be seen how this will impact or at least this attack and in fact the security situation on the ground the philippine government said it will respond strongly against the perpetrators this is a malawian dogon for inside story. well as tamala mentioned there was a referendum last week in the mindanao region and nearly three million filipinos took part eighty five percent backs an agreement to create a self administered area called bangsamoro the referendum follows a peace deal signed back in two thousand and fourteen between the government and the moro islamic liberation front or m i l f rebels gave up their goal of an
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independent state in exchange for more autonomy the m.i.l.f. has agreed to demobilize up to forty thousand fighters and end their decades long rebellion that has killed more than one hundred thousand filipinos and displaced millions of others thanks. so plenty to look at today and let's bring in our guest now to do so in the middle are we have jose antonio caserio a defense and security analyst and former consultant of the national security council in the philippines in c.m. reap cambodia via skype we have emma leslie director of the center for peace and conflict studies and also manila via skype is steve rude for me the philippines country representative for the asia foundation a very warm welcome to all of you jose let's first of all address these bombings we've got at the time of recording the show some twelve hours after the attacks no
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claims of responsibility but who are the prime suspects here. well the thing is that it's really difficult to say who are the prime suspects who are actually did it but of course the prime suspects would either be. you know or or any of the of the groups that actually mentioned even private arm groups could have been behind it to solve destabilisation for whatever political agenda they have so it's still too early to a certain and might even be done purpose of fluid by this whoever did that saw to saw confusion to who really is behind it so that. it will mean more difficult for the government to track who who who who under undertook this very dreadful act of bombing the cathedral. but i see two while ago it had only linger to believe this attack was the last week's referendum where of course a huge majority voted for
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a new era of self governance in this region but notably hollow rejected this well i think the fact that subaru rejected it and the bombing are disconnected facts. actually the elements of which will mention by your correspondent have pledged allegiance to the law mixtape and this technique of a second bombing taking out the responders is an escalation that we haven't seen yet here in the philippines and it sort of speaks technical assistance from islamic state to increase the impact of the kinds of attacks that was undertaken and it really undermines doesn't it how difficult peace in this region is the m.i.l.f. may have come to some sort of agreement with the government but there are many other groups such as abu sayyaf that still pose a huge threat. yes indeed a fact part of your group that the government reached with the m.i.l.f.
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is a complicated series of measures on both sides that lead to the decommissioning that was mention of the m.i.l.f. riders and much of that has yet to happen so while we will see you some decommissioning as a result of the public past in the future there are many hurdles to be left over ok this referendum that happened last we can became five years after the peace agreement between the government and the m.i.l.f. why did it take so long and why indeed as steve mentioned we still in the process of decommissioning all sound like because that outcome of the agreement takes time to implement certainly because as a as you can hear a lot of stakeholders and a lot of complex politics involved but i think that what happened in hollywood today highlights the need for this this process to continue to be fast tracked because engaging a large moderate muslim population of one point five million people come out and vote yes to this referendum shows the need to bring this middle
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population up to some level of strength to some level of equity some shared sense of development but more importantly to address a historic and just a set spain that's the decades and which this population is hungry to have a chance to show how they might govern this area now none of us are naive enough to think that that doesn't go without some level of ongoing challenges some outbursts of violence certainly haven't we manage extremists groups but empowering this population and this particular autonomy gives that a robust chance of some level of peace and security going for him ok jose how much autonomy will mindanao have well before i answer that also like the address of. that how long did it take well. if we look at that there was supposed to be already in. congress was supposed to have work agreed on
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this law during the previous administration but just to show how fluid the situation is in mindanao there was this incident where in police were killed in a operation against one of us a. form of foreign militant and the the botched operation led to a backlash against an earlier attempt to pass a bong some more of basic law now. back to your. question. in many there's a level of autonomy except for defense and military matters that remains under the national government and that is a very tricky issue now because of the fact that are the. moral autonomous region tries to find its way through governance. of it
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will have their assault of issues like this where in how will the military and police. operate in and in their region especially if for example the perpetrators of such of its events are are identified with any major secessionist secessionist group and usually that's the tricky part that's a that's a very big problem because that's when. obstacles are are there that are interesting and we don't you sense that it is their own feelings of course they've gotten cancer test facing them already now and hollow how do they respond to this particular attack it's going to pave the way isn't it for many people to look at how the military is going to respond in the future. it's a test case of how we yes of how to not just the military itself but the entire national screwed up or out us on the national government will of handling the police the intelligence and so on so far so this the government has to show not
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just resolve in running out of them but but competence in doing so in and bringing our own and bring to justice the correct people they're the ones who really perpetrated it if not then this would be seen as a. weakness in the government and you might then have of such operations being launched by. groups that are against the of the the east of the peace process just to advance whatever extremist advocacy that they have and. mindanao from is from central to to western and western in the now is chock full of those types of of minute than extremist or even criminal organizations. and many of them can operate either by themselves or under the. remote control of
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a nother group it's not impossible to imagine that even though it does have the hallmarks of of an ice isis type operation that given the level of lawlessness in law that that might have been carried out by let's say extremist group but of with the blessings of another group right right ever how should the military respond do you think in a way that will not only slightly a de whale this process that's been so long in coming. but i mean one of the points coming out of that mama soprano example is that the partnership the very robust partnership between government and the morrow islamic liberation front and a number of other stakeholders and partners and mechanisms on the ground which have been put in place over the last twenty is was largely overlooked and so we do see where government acts independently of other supportive peace loving
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partners on the ground like the m.i.l.f. and we do see outbreaks of violence so i think it's very very important that the philippine government now take seriously this vote and continue that partnership for peace because it's only when those that have some sense of stake in this territory feel that they have some control over their own security will we see a change in that dynamic so i think that the military the police and so on maro islamic down forces but also the international monitoring tames decommissioning bodies all of the international partners will need to work together and that's the only way forward and of course to be clear we're talking about the banks to morrow and not the entire mindanao island and of course that also creates a challenge in terms of the other armed groups that operate on the rest of that territory seeing how much challenge is there on in this area i mean we've got
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a three a transition period now and then the election to choose an executive's for example these m.i.l.f. need to how talented is that going to be for them to govern when they used to fighting. well the government at the m.i.l.f. some years ago realize that as they were getting closer to a solution to an agreement they needed to prepare for that so there have been a number of institutions so that up over the past years which involved the i'm iowa which involve the government which involve the international community so there's a development agency there's a leadership and management institute so they have been working towards that at the same time it must be said that the current leadership of the autonomous region m m some of the now which is being abolished the current leadership has been very. cooperative in setting things up so that there's an easier transition so as
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international transitions go this is a pretty well prepared insurgent group to try to move into some of the governance issues. oh they the the current government the correct me if i'm wrong but is that the autonomous region of muslim mindanao they are double m. many have looked at us and said it was a failure do you agree it and what lessons could be learned from that experience. well the m.i.l.f. chairman himself had said that the biggest hurdle that are the biggest challenge that they are facing is actually of the issue of corruption and many see that they are a member of failed because of the corruption on so many levels that were seen in fact the previous era member of governor was being had had face jail time for that and
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some therefore that is a big question can the can these secessionists the leaders of the censors movement once they move into arm a governance role and together with other ma leaders or so is that will they be able to break that of that. affliction or that that the problem of corruption or will they be sucked up into the system also because it's not just a conflict that this a problem there but also a lot of social injustice. sample jamila had said the while ago that their existence of private armed groups and these are political political figures or political clance a a and this political plans. tend to disenfranchise a lot of volume of of muslims and therefore that then makes
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arm. groups such as the secessionists attractive now to. two disenfranchised people therefore are good the m.i.l.f. be able to or in there for another leader be able to. be different from what happened in the air and leadership or not and that remains the biggest question and of course now people are going to be ready and i accept that asians have a day yes. this is a very impoverished area people want to see improvements to their standard of living they want to see employment opportunities they want to see better schools better infrastructure how quickly does the m.i.l.f. have to implement these changes. well first lady i am has made a significant effort in the last couple of years to eradicate corruption so i think that's a little bit of an all story but also let's not only look at this through a security framework i mean part of the raise and that the m.l.f. and the m.i.l.f.
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take up weapons in the first place is a sense of injustice and indignity about the way that many a lot has to has treated them for so long and so it's not just schools and better economy and development that people are looking for it's a recognition of a historic in justice it's dignity and i think that's why they've been so many celebrations over this past week that finally they had the possibility the power to say what they wanted and and to enforce that agreement and to continue on what they have been negotiating for for this past twenty years people a hundred thousand lives have been lost there have been massacres all across this area by repeated philippine military isn't ministrations finally we're setting that right so certainly poverty is an issue but it's not the driving factor that started this conflict in the first place so yes schools will continue to function civil
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servants will continue to get pay mandela has made sure that there's a way to continue to bring five percent of the national budget into the area there will be money provided by the national government to write conflict areas but this is not what the people of the banks of mara have been demanding is is a better economy it's that they want to be recognised and they want at the right to govern themselves and i think that's what's significant about this past week and what we have onto it doesn't take away the security complexity but it does mean that we have a better chance of addressing those that we call disenfranchised because we have now and franchise that they now have the possibility and see how key was present or do you go to turn to all of this because he of course is a mindanao man himself and peace in the region was one of his key campaign promises has he managed in some way to overcome that so not to distrust that's built up over
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generations in the area. well in some ways he has agreed he has family connections to museums he has as mayor of a city down in the south city had to live with the insurgents and come to move modus vivendi is with them. and in particular though it was his general insistence on reaching the final agreement he wasn't very much bothered about the details he left that others up to others including the m.i.l.f. to craft the actual law but he asked congress and pressed congress to get it done and then he went down to court the votto city and held a rally there and about the city is now joining the ranks of our autonomous region in a way that it didn't join in the previous autonomous region so his impact has been quite significant. he has thrown up i will say one of the
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hurdles that i mentioned before because in the original agreement there were supposed to be a branch of the philippine national police called the box of moral police and he has refused to continence that from the very beginning so the moro islamic liberation front has decided that they would take this organic law but there needs to be new arrangements for how the decommissioning will happen in the absence of this one small police ok and are there what's the obstacles might be coming from manila in terms of perhaps the tates success says old supreme court rulings from the authorities that the center. well. save this in him there is still a. a case filed in the supreme court regarding that and we still are going it's we still have to see what the supreme court's decision will be regarding
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specifically salusa sort of a loss of inclusion in that particular autonomous region. however coming from a security angle there is a lot of distrust ok and expression lee in both sides specifically for something the case of. the armed forces it has. it it although there are public space of or of support ok but internally there are also all grumblings and that is for example why the the decision on the of on this bunker more a police force was reconsidered because it came mainly from pressure from within the security establishment regarding the the possibility of such a of of us such a force being used for other purposes only so again they said although there is
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still real evidence on on that force becoming better but there are suspicions and mistrust distrust issues because you did say that has been. not just a fifty year old war it's been ongoing even in the spanish colonial period in american culture that period this is just the latest manifestation of all of it so distrust has. existed and generation to generation are more on of course members of the military and i just there the last minute that we have how optimistic are you that can continue on this path to peace. pragmatically optimistic knowing that there are many challenges ahead that we all need to get behind them and support them that the people have spoken but more than that they've shown us that what the possibility of peace talks and peace processes
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can do and once an agreement is signed we expect the pay should come but we know that it's the implementation of that agreement so i'm sure that in so that thailand a man man or in many other places around the region people are looking to this up to me mystically knowing the challenges and ok really interesting discussion thank you very much to all our guests for joining us today jose antonio custodial emma leslie and steve root and thank you two very much for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website that's al-jazeera dot com and for further discussion to go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com ford slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter our handle is at a.j. inside story from me laura kyle and the whole team here in doha it's my finale.
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russian filmmaker andrina christoph explores how putin's russia impacts the very values of the nation the russians are famous for their cultural legacy but contradiction and conservative be the source of stagnation and authoritarian rule why does ows the assume raided by the police to misuse ukraine six homosexuality the significance of who came to the russian elite is that he's like a fake you who controls the cobra in such a putin's russia on al-jazeera. the latest news as it breaks the difference is that in both bottles ossified this that authentic in the roots with
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the this time those roots with this. with detail coverage while has already said that he's ready to take over as inter unprecedented and call for you elections. from around the world volunteers are doing what they can that's not the point behind the government's decision to criminalize homelessness eight hundred. if you were looking at this from the outside you would really wonder what was going on but what is this gross is that a religion that they have an in-depth exploration of global capitalism and our obsession with economic growth this is still the center of capitalism there is no limits i view myself as a capital artist we are trying to pay for the world smaller and smaller we don't want to be set realistic in the world we would rather have a fantasy growing pains on al-jazeera.
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we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you al-jazeera. i don't have a problem in doha with the headlines on al-jazeera the u.s. has warned venezuela's president of the significant response of opposition or washington's diplomats a targeted by the government by the us has hundreds of his supporters have been arrested more now from a latin america editor newman on the venezuela colombia border. as never before
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venezuela's armed forces are taking center stage president nicolas maduro spent the day showing he's still in control of the military hanging out with the navy. after overseeing military exercises a prelude to what he says will be an unprecedented display of force next month. from colombia is a conspiracy to divide our armed forces thousands of messages every day of the social media water trying to erode the army's morale and plant the poison of the trial today i come to say that this bolivarian armed force will be every day more loyal to the people to the revolution and. as he spoke that so-called poison was being distributed by opponents to members of the armed forces it's an amnesty law offered to soldiers and high ranking officers guaranteeing that they'll be no reprisals if they defect and cooperate with an interim government or not meant to fight them we only need forces we are inviting them to join us to join the people
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not to come from there. the military is key to president mother's duration empower . soldiers of venezuela to give you an ordered not to shoot the people of venezuela . when why dog interim president designated by the opposition controlled national assembly says that the government has escalated a campaign of repression and is calling on the un high commissioner for human rights to rush to venezuela to witness unfolding events according to penal forum and in jail the tracks arrests the number has jumped from five hundred to seven hundred ninety one. over the weekend but so far why the hall is not one of them president maduro is treading with caution in part because why dogs arrest could trigger a domestic powder keg but also because of the threat of international reprisals u.s. national security adviser john bolton tweeted that if anything should happen to guide
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dog or the national assembly the u.s. would issue a quote significant response you see in human al-jazeera colombia. the search has resume for more than three hundred people missing after a dam burst in southeastern brazil fifty eight people that are confirmed dead rescue workers say there's little hope of finding survivors under the mining waste released by friday's collapse and neighboring peru an avalanche of mud and rock has crashed into a hotel killing at least fifteen people it happened in the southern city of san k. the mudslide broke through the walls of the hotel injuring thirty four people. i saw has claimed responsibility for an attack on a cathedral in the southern philippines at least twenty people were killed and dozens injured in two bomb blasts on the predominantly muslim island of hold or palestinian protesters and israeli troops that clash near ramallah in the occupied west bank it comes a day after a palestinian man was shot dead during a confrontation between israeli settlers and residents of the village thousands of
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mourners attended his funeral on sunday israeli police say they were investigating the killing. anti-government protests are continuing across saddam for the sixth week demonstrators are demanding the resignation of president omar al bashir meanwhile bashir is and cairo for talks with his egyptian counterpart where he said that the media is exaggerating the challenge to his leadership. thousands of protesters wearing red scarves have rallied in the french capital to call for an end to violence and disruption caused by three months of anti-government demonstrations the protests were organized to counter the so-called yellow vests to demonstrations against president emanuel. and a mirror by the british artist banksy on a door at the bottom of fear to and paris has been stolen mine two people were killed at the concert hall and an attack orchestrated by i saw in two thousand and fifteen the painting showed a young girl mourning the loss of life. those are the headlines al-jazeera
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world is coming up next thank you for watching. this is been capital of the semi autonomous kurdish region of northern iraq.
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the kurdistan regional government the k r g held an independence referendum in twenty seventeen in the face of opposition from its allies neighbors and the iraqi government. an overwhelming majority of iraqi kurds voted for the region to separate from the rest of iraq. but their celebrations were short lived. vic a.r.g. did not declare independence but the iraqi central government penalized the kurdish region economically banned international flights closed border crossings and punished referendum supporters in disputed areas. today the iraqi kurds are no nearer independence than they were in fact ember twenty seventeen. the kurdistan regional government was established in the early one nine hundred ninety s.
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after years of conflict between the kurds and the iraqi government iraqi forces left the kurdish region in october one nine hundred ninety one and the semi autonomous k r g was set up a year later. in this film al-jazeera arabic correspondent salman and miss helen goes to a bill to ask what happened with the referendum in twenty seventeen why did the k r g go ahead with the votes what was the point if they weren't going to declare independence. why did the k r g s allies oppose the vote and why did the others support it. why are critics political parties so fragmented. and what now for the whole question of kurdish independence. hell can that is the fear i let the shot off a little september was about i shot a couple in the star. and now to depart to talk
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to. a whore for the tide and what anybody mccotter could. lower it at least if that were thirty g.b. had it's just a couple of states i hadn't gotten i could the how what the when and why did this if that. were not. fit. well i can come in but adriatic and i'm ok mr when i committed this. let me i can your state equal if you hadn't was this what i came in by you you and your fiddle do. your homework. this. could be looked lean who wanted to live in your cool walked in with us human genome language not all. of you to feel how they feel for the deli counter tops of philadelphia. but these squabbles about timing are relatively minor
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details in the context of the long and tempestuous history in the relationship between the baghdad government and the kurds. originally from mountain regions in the northern middle east the kurds are the fourth largest ethnic group in the region today between twenty five and thirty five million kurds live in an area that spans the borders of turkey iraq syria iran and armenia. after the first world war and the defeat of the ottoman empire the kurds anticipated establishing their own permanent state but the treaty of luzon in one nine hundred twenty three gave control of asia minor to the new state of turkey. kurdish hopes of autonomy were dashed for several decades. iraqi kurdish hopes were revived when the iraqi monarchy was overthrown in the fourteenth of july
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revolution in one nine hundred fifty eight. article three of the new constitution said that quotes arabs and kurds are considered partners in this country where the constitution will state to their national rights under the arab unity. to hold a little a little. for. some of. the . a lot of the shop was closed. well. we just said fear of the mud the third when the. surreal when i'm seeing these mother thomas are the shot i. feel that i. thought they were saying we're going to get a thought of teddy said herrick quickly but. want to stick around and they then can
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on the can cause some more in the collateral. solemnised of how long what joe who visited your heart but. you have to tell me i've been and called to mother for you know nick who. feel me dies a little and you hundred could be over joey when they didn't done that. stumm what. mesereau designed his father must the fall was a kurdish nationalist leader who led the iraqi kurds in a number of conflicts including the first iraqi kurdish war from one nine hundred sixty one to one nine hundred seventy he then agreed with prime minister of the stadium cost him the kurds should have the right to autonomy. but the negotiations broke down and in one nine hundred seventy four hostilities resumed in the second iraqi kurdish war. the relationship between the two sides remained fractious not
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keast because most of the fall but also allied himself with neighboring iran. in one nine hundred seventy five the algerian president. and sponsored an agreement between baghdad and to her on he brought together the shah of iran with the then iraqi vice president saddam hussein. the agreements put an end to reign in support for the kurds in return for iraq's relinquishing sovereignty over half of the shots a lot of waterway. in one nine hundred seventy nine they reign in revolution erupted overthrowing the song.


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