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tv   Acting Lessons  Al Jazeera  May 19, 2019 1:32am-2:00am +03

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go unpunished in mexico. it's unknown if paul does get a similar message just before his death his killers took his phone and laptop. do you think your phone is tapped now. yes it can mean a lot but i thought my state that. does my name ask can i sign says they send the demand side of that. in 2017 under pressure from the public the mexican attorney general's office launched a criminal investigation into the hacking of journalists and activists. this is the same agency that bought pegasus so far no one has been held accountable. earlier this year the mexican government claimed that it no longer uses pegasus. the 1st people to discover what pegasus is and does were researchers at citizen lab a digital rights group at the university of toronto. they investigate abuses of
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pegasus worldwide one of the biggest selling points of this stuff is that it's wickedly hard to find there's a cat and mouse game. they hide we seek they were able to associate the links that were sent to months or are sticky and are signed triana in many others within a so groups servers. the 1st time that we learn about pegasus about this or get in touch and says listen i think i'm being targeted i guess. what was special about it was different well this one caught our attention in part because it was about his mobile phone hacking and i phone is a much larger technical lift and we realized that we were looking at a chain of i phones here a days so these are vulnerabilities that even apple didn't know about at the time they could be used to remotely in fact in penetrate that device and implant a piece of malware on it and a really fine man. scott railton and his colleague bill maher check have
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investigated abuses of pegasus since 2016. they've identified pegasus infections in the network space of at least 45 countries u.k. u.a.e. yemen jordan libya kuwait no country has more reported cases of abuse the mexico or we can see here is the approximate locations ip addresses of infected devices the thing is we don't know how many devices are within any of these networks it could be one it could be 10. side of mexico because this has been implicated in other high profile cases. the new york times reported that it was used against the mirror of qatar in 2014 and then in 2017 the ex president of panama was arrested for using it against political rivals there's a gold rush of investment into this industry and many countries are like you know what after the snowden revelations i've seen this technology i've seen what it can
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do why don't we have some in all these cases that we looked at how confident are you that it was pegasus it was innocent there are remarkable number of abuse cases that we've encountered especially in mexico but also linked to saudi arabia and the u.a.e. and those lines drawn back to and also. pegasus allows governments to extend the reach of their surveillance operations to any cell phone anywhere. since the spring of 2018 at least 3 saudi dissidents living in exile in canada in the u.k. were targeted with pegasus. we went to meet one of them. and living in london did you feel like you are beyond the reach of saudi arabia you are now safe i don't think anybody's safe complaint about. it's safe out of that and toby and saudi arabia. siri runs a saudi human rights. going to zation from london where he's lived in exile since
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2014 q tell me why electronic communications are so important for what you do there is nor independent institutions at all inside the country so nobody comments that violation inside the country people working with the government in the courts in their presence. and formation for us for all the cell phones on the internet. what kind of risk that they take to get you that information. they have been taught. ill treated and pastes for sexual harassment just because they can talk to myself. and i've got into also because they told. the violations side to cut through all of thoughts as came from sort of fairness of their more pockets. the information is siri collects from
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inside the country to makes it into international news he sometimes worked with the slain saudi journalist jamal khashoggi. to see. if he wants to write an article sometimes he asked me i've often said just chance or asked about some of. the 2 of them spoke to each other over encrypted chat apps in their final exchange just days before his murder at the saudi consulate in turkey in 2018. proposed that they should try to pressure chrome prince mohammed bin someone to release political prisoners and he said that his message maybe you will feel it is silly or useless but please let's we try maybe public his conscience. is not the enemy for anyone who was trying to get through for.
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there's really newspaper haaretz reported that the saudis paid $55000000.00 for pegasus in july 2017 just before crown prince mohammed bin so mon began to purges opponents. since then more than 500 people have been detained and a new terror law made insults to the crown and offense in a so denies this technology was used to target and refuses to divulge who their clients are. in the so says the pegasus can only be used against high level criminals like cartel members terrorists human traffickers and if it's used otherwise it can be shut off at the source how do you reconcile that what you know so that even when they are talking to talk about the freedom of speech criticizing the king the culprit is. criticizing very justice this is. if
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we are trying to push the government to allow women to drive a car is to doctor so that's how the government is. facing a great to go there to fight our freedom in the name of fair fight and that's. been a so group was started almost a decade ago by 2 israeli tech entrepreneurs cell of julio and only living. there one of many successful companies in the basque growing $12000000000.00 mobile surveillance industry. today the company is worth almost a $1000000000.00 but despite the negative press. we asked in a so group about the process they used to vet their customers. they said that they have an ethics committee that's empowered to block sells to potential customers without regard to commercial interests. they also say that committee turned down
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more than $150000000.00 in sales in the last 3 years. in a so was recently asked about their practices by the u.s. show 60 minutes can you say that you won't and haven't sold pegasus to a country that is known to violate human rights and imprison journalists and go after activists i only say that we are setting. in order to prevent crime until. there's currently no evidence that in a so group has license pegasus to the us government but it appears to be interested in doing so. it's american based subsidiary has registered as a federal contractor a crucial step to doing business with the us. and according to the vice report and co-founder only live be demonstrated the company's technology to the drug imports ministration in 2015. minutes so group declined our repeated request for an
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on camera interview so we went to only levy's home outside of manhattan. on the phone was home. we ask you a few questions. you know i'm a journalist with al-jazeera josh rushing i'll show. you questions when i guess they move from your private property so i would have to. go just one state like why do you continue to sell the governments that use pegasus to target human rights activists and journalists. so you go where i called the police. i was in the so responded to your research and i so continues to. call reporting into question call our evidence based data driven reporting into question but never
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bringing data or evidence to the table themselves and so the evidence stands for itself. with you they've actually gone a little bit beyond the keyboard right where we don't know who is behind this but we do know that my colleague and myself were both approached by individuals under false pretenses we felt that that indicated that they were thinking well we're going to have these people maybe we can make this problem. in january scott realtor was contacted by someone claiming to be a french businessman interested in his work and invited him to meet in new york city. and. it was only because we were so ready for something i've had to happen that we were able to like deploy and do this operation. suspecting it was a set up it's got real tim prepared a sting of his own this thing he controlled the operational environment so i had to
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make a determination of where he was most likely to sit me and he would go to dinner with the operative back in the corner i have to come in looking like the most wide eyed ph d. student i think individually to reporters with the associated press who come in asking questions the 1st hour is just seems like a normal conversation and like finally right at our one the yellow cards come out now he's asking about citizen lab and the red cards it's like our unit the semi he was interested in i think 2 things 1st he wanted to get me to say things that would make citizen lab and myself appear to be less credible maybe even racist which is pretty distasteful and 2nd he wanted to talk to me about our work on a server and specifically in a sober that's right. now when we got the a.p. guy to come up such an extreme leftist to try. to. achieve i don't think he will actually if you want because my critique.
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is if you. i'm pretty this morning and you know it's very strange she says and that's. how you would think you know what are you going to do. this is this was the only because we had a face plastered everywhere that he was and if i had i don't think that they're accustomed to her being both of. you. know. you're sure to be yes. that. you were the new york times later confirmed that the man was an operative for his really private security company called black q if you know for sure. minnesota nice it's into black cube operative to target scott real to put on the issue here is not about whether or not the industry should exist the issue is here's an industry and
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whatever we scratch and whatever other investigator scratch we find abuses something is clearly wrong with the business model in the business as usual of this industry and that's why we're here to talk about. you can't see it. but there are wars being fought in cyberspace. the weapons are getting more sophisticated and easier to use. unlike conventional or nuclear weapons there's currently no international framework governing the use of cyber weapons. the targeting of these high risk people should be understood as canaries and to do it will call in line were sort of in the early days for the proliferation of this kind of technology and when this technology goes to a place where there's not good oversight the temptation is clearly overwhelming to use it in ways that extend beyond crime fighting is it a case of the law just hasn't caught up with this technology. i mean you know our
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society has really caught up with i know that. dealers like in the soaker are profiting in the early on reg you. they did years of this new battlefield. and their clients were able to will be surveillance weapons with impunity there's the layer of and the privacy that happens when the actual invasion takes place. it's a whole nother kettle of fish when you discover that you've been violated in this way. this exposure of your personal world doesn't just stop at you it extends out to the people you care about the trust that you and it makes you feel toxic. just like you're knocking me not. to get up and sad and stressed time or sourness khatami opening task because some communities. in a countersign yanis decade has no there is that on the end of the 2nd a costly that economics get.
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driven by outrage and spanning generations the rohinton demonstrators gathered on the very day a widely criticized repatriation agreement between the governments of bangladesh and me and more was to begin the anger was all too apparent and the fear was palpable if you don't like we're so afraid that if they send one of us back to myanmar today tomorrow they'll send back 10 and the day after tomorrow they'll send back 2030 or if we were given citizenship in myanmar then there would be no need to take us back there we would go back on our own we must remember the rancho among the most persecuted minorities in the world.
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on counting the cost as the u.s. ratchets up the pressure on iran we look at the straits of hormuz the most valuable waterway in the world sri lanka's tourism industry takes a hit off to the east the sunday attacks and flying cars as the future just a rough. cost. i have always believed in miracles. a surprise results in a stray leo prime minister scott morrison is ruling coalition retains power define all the predictions.
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on how he'd seen this is all to say about bali from doha also coming up. a blow for all strews coalition governments vice chancellor resigns over a video apparently showing him offering government contracts for political favors. remembering the 10s of thousands of lives lost sri lanka marks a decade since the end of a 26 year long civil war. and. living on a lake in been in by 250 years of history is struggling to stay afloat. this truly is where the conservative coalition has clinched a surprise victory in the general election despite all the polls predicting he
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would lose prime minister scott morrison was able to celebrate in sydney but it's not yet clear whether he will have. an outright majority he may get the support of some independent politicians his challenger opposition labor leader bill shorten conceded defeat and also resigns from the party's leadership. i have always believed in miracles was the i'm standing with the 3 biggest miracles in my life here tonight was the and tonight we've been delivered another one was i have good is astray or was planted thomas as more and i from melbourne. well the party was supposed to be here the opinion polls had the
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labor party at had consistently they were expecting a celebration and they sort of clearly has not turned out that way the party is in sydney with a prime minister who you saw all that say how great so stylee how bright are australians full busy reelecting again still betting alton against all the opinion polls his government and him as prime minister bill shorten the labor party it was in this room about 20 minutes ago now not only conceding defeat in this election but resigning the leadership of his posse this was not the way it was supposed to kind out the things of the environments of taxing the rich molds a pipe a better education better health but it infrastructure those were supposed to tight labor over the line for the government said those sorts of commitments would cost the average australian money that increased environmental standards for example would get people to people in their pockets and that all those extra taxes well
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they would mount up to a really dental strategy its economy and that was a message that clearly got through in the swing seats that might at the marginals just 20 or so around the country there was a swing towards the rights of center coalition that's remarkable because maybe some people were expecting the swing not to be as right towards labor consistently as the opinion polls predicted but very few people saw a swing towards the governing rights of same policy happening but that's exactly what happened in queensland in the north the big story in the south in western australia as well 2 and in new south wales around the city of sydney the coalition has done remarkably well and so morris and the soul that remain astride is prime minister. michael taught as a former political correspondent for the australian broadcasting corporation he says it's far from resigned in victory. as a win for scott morrison it's
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a narrow win and at this stage while counting until news we don't know whether he will actually be able to have a majority between him and his coalition partner and whether they'll either go for a minority government which suggests more instability in the future or be able to get some of the independent voters or minor parties on board to support them in what could be an unstable and very slim majority government so the future is uncertain however the counting ends up from here there is some suggestion that the a labor party manifesto so to speak was too detailed and they gave a lot of clues about what they do which involved being tough on what they call on the strength of the beginning of town tough on the the capitalists and tough on the richer people and that seems to have scared quite
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a few people you've also got to take into account that people also take polling results into account quite often in many countries when they vote and so the poll said a big labor win to bill shorten who's now actually leaving his job as leader of the labor party and they were nervous about that and seems enough of them were nervous and perhaps some were not telling the pollsters exactly the way they really were going to vote and as a result we've got a surprise. and wall street is reeling coalition is and trouble after its far right vice chancellor resigns over a secret video chancellor sebastian cordes is expected to make a statement saying the coming are over speculation that the country may be headed for snap elections ice christian star who was seen apparently offering government contracts to an unknown russian woman in exchange for political supports the secretly filmed video was published by 2 german newspapers but struck
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a says it was a setup. the only criminal offense that is present here is the stage a secret service trap with illegal recordings were someone waited 2 years and then set it off and yes that was a targeted political assassination so he has more from london. certainly comes as a surprise to those who would have not anticipated this happening at all but with struthers in this case there would have been no other option but for him to step down from this incredibly in glorious moment for him and his political career he came out with with that in the press conference earlier on and said that his fellow freedom party member nor but of would be stepping into his place is currently the transport minister but this has really been quite an extraordinary
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downfall for the leader of the freedom party unless of course exactly how the freedom party managed to get into its position of power only for it face an enormous scandal of such proportions just only a week to go before the european elections and they already hold. a few seats in as part of the austrian delegation there so really a very badly time for them but also don't forget of course that this video was actually made all recorded back in july 27th and that was just a few months before the austria lections themselves it really raises a lot of questions exactly how the freedom party handles this sort of. intention for it to finance its own coffers and to what lengths it is willing to do so. far and politicians from across europe have gathered for a rally in italy to boost their chances of parliamentary elections next week the
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events in milan was organized by its nice deputy prime minister matusow vini he says there are new alliances to gain a perfect voice in european affairs. memorial service is being held in sri lanka on the 10th anniversary of the end of the civil war 26 years of fighting killed more than 100000 people many of them tamils fighting to creates their homelands indecent hall a buddhist majority island experiment smith reports the government's been urged to investigate war crimes committed by both sides but no one has yet been prosecuted. 10 years hasn't diminished the grief for the survivors of shoreline because civil war. thousands of tamil civilians are trapped on this strip of land as government forces on the liberation tigers of tamil eelam forced out the last weeks of the war . in iraq he was 8 months old at the time. she was found sucking milk
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from her dead mother's breast. the u.n. estimates the 40000 civilians were killed in the last few months of the fighting because the government launched its final assault on our suits me fine says today 10 years on there are still families here waiting for the government to tell them what is happening to us of thousands and fathers and sons our mothers and daughters who are missing join the conflict carol comma not an 18 year old son disappeared after he walked into a military controlled area trying to escape the fighting no one has told what happened to it noted the angle of the car you may get it's to painful for us even to step foot in this place no one understands the suffering and pain from losing our loved ones it's unbearable to be here i wanted him in the. tunnels started fighting in 1983 for a homeland because they felt marginalized by governments dominated by sin interests
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10 years after the war many tunnels feel little has improved and if you want a government that fundamentally has an as you all of a bit of a war to be nice to see you know what is the peace that looks on this kind of did that this in the this country that morning this must be enough to stick in any part of. the hospital shooting the films after the war u.n. panel of experts said both sides should be investigated for possible war crimes including government forces shelling hospitals and tamil tigers shooting civilians who tried to escape the government has set up a small team of investigators to try and help find some of the 20000 people who disappeared during the conflict but no one has been prosecuted for any alleged war crimes from the 26 year long civil war that left more than 100000 people dead birds made al-jazeera. in northern sri lanka. well earlier we spoke to
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a lecturer for international law at griffith college in dublin he thinks a culture over impunity has made it difficult. to visions. serious problem is that the government has committed itself before the united nations however all the commitments made before the united nations especially after the report of the high commissioner for human rights in 2015 have seen little results in the country only with the office of missing persons many issues remain unresolved people are still longing for justice but this again to a new and very usual chapter namely the culture of impunity rather than the culture of accountability in light of also the. east that takes renewed rejuvenated a merge and the regulations are impeding.

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