Skip to main content

tv   A Moral Debt The Legacy Of Slavery In The U.S.A.  Al Jazeera  June 6, 2020 4:00am-5:01am +03

4:00 am
pretty decent cultures across the land so no matter how you take it out just. kind of fast. how the top stories here on al-jazeera and a growing number of u.s. police departments are changing their tactics in the wake of the george floyd can like the new york state in the city of minneapolis move to ban police chokeholds among other changes california will also stop training its officers to use the type of restraint that led to floyd's. cross this country we train techniques on strangleholds that put people's lives at risk now we can argue that these are used as exceptions but at the end of the day karate hold that literally is
4:01 am
designed to stop people's blood from flowing into their brain that has no place any longer and 21st century practices and policing the n.f.l. commissioner has apologized for the way the u.s. football league players protest against police brutality in 2016 that's when colin kaepernick and others began meeting before games while the national anthem was played put it was fired from his team and has never been higher since there's been an unexpected fall in the u.s. unemployment rate with the figure from a down to 13.3 percent what it indicates the u.s. economy may be recovering there was a slight increase in the jobless rate for black and asian workers aaronson genever is a labor economist an associate professor at the university of minnesota and he says the numbers show a promising signs but there's still a long way to go. i think they do reflect that economic activity picked up
4:02 am
between mid april and i'm in may and that you know when you fall down so far it's easy that bounce back up a bit and it's the 1st step back is easy and the next step back is a little harder you know maybe halfway back is not too bad and i think that's not the question that that's going to happen on its own almost the question is what are we going to do to close the last part of the journey and to get all the way back to where we started and we have real challenges to do that we will see progress i think we will see progress pretty broadly i don't think that will necessarily see the disparities decline. the most hard hit sectors of the economy are the ones that disproportionately ploy people of color and so it will they will be slower. to get back to normal. you know i think the challenges we're facing in our
4:03 am
economy and in our society are very real and they're young fundamentally public health challenges right now and we need to address that. so yeah the african-american unemployment rate ticked up. it to 16.8 percent which is the same as that the peak of the great recession. part of it is that people came back into the labor force and are looking for work and. but you know we have such a long way back to where we started it's very premature to declare mission accomplished they have been seen to jubilation in libya after the sudden end of mortals who need to have to say 14 month offensive to seize the capital tripoli the u.n. recognized government said it had seized the nearby city itself you know on friday . francaise it killed the leader of al-qaeda in north africa the french defense minister says abdul malik dropped all died in the operation on thursday in
4:04 am
northwest mali tens of thousands of protesters have rallied in mali's capital calling for the president to resign they say that it were him. and his government failed to tackle western security situation the un says more than 1300 people have been killed during fighting in the democratic republic of congo in the past 8 months conflicts involving a number of armed groups and government forces have been escalating president jaya balsa now has threatened to pull brazil out of the world health organization unless it starts becoming what he calls a partisan political body his comments came just hours after the country reported a new daily record of coronavirus deaths overtaking italy throughout europe state with the headlines here on al-jazeera we've got more news right after correspondent.
4:05 am
says. i'm james gannon a news editor for al-jazeera. i grew up in this house in virginia in the southern united states my childhood here was a happy one my family weren't rich but we were comfortable. i was particularly close to my grandmother mary hamilton lee it was she the told me about my leave family history. my most famous ancestor general robert e. lee led the confederate army against the union during the american civil war in the 1900 centuries. i was proud that this man considered one of virginia's greatest
4:06 am
heroes was a relative i wasn't told that he fought to defend slavery. on the 12th of august 2017 these pictures of racial hatred in charlottesville in virginia were particularly shocking. because that white supremacist were rallying around was the preservation of a statue of my ancestors robert e. lee. i felt outrage that my family name was associated with the k.k.k. and neo nazis. what happened in charlottesville made me consider for the 1st time the true legacy of my slave owning ancestors. i want to know why people in my home state of virginia are so divided on the subject of confederate monuments and what they represent. and i want to find out how much the oppression of enslaved people by my aunts. cers has had an impact on black lives in america today. what i'm told
4:07 am
will at times make me deeply uncomfortable. but these conversations for me are long overdue. bro. richmond virginia is the former capital of the confederacy the 11 southern states the vote the union in the american civil war. the statue of my ancestor robert e. lee is one of the 5 confederate statues on monument avenue the grandest street in richmond it stands 18 meters tall and dominates the city's landscape. for over 100 years richmond has honored as one of its greatest heroes until recently. in 20159 black church goers in south carolina were shot by
4:08 am
a white supremacist the killer was photographed with a confederate flag a symbol for racists of white supremacy. soon after the city council in new orleans voted for their confederate statues to be removed the state of louisiana was once a major center for the slave trade. and public consultations took place in virginia which once had the largest in slave population in america in richmond the debate over the monument avenue statues was heated now is the time for us so tearing down participation trophies for the losing side the war the us. the british the french. let's remember too that after the war lincoln county could to help reconcile and rebuild relationships between north and south how can anyone say this great leader is a symbol of hate and evil and white supremacy. there's a question whether vision
4:09 am
a statute would you like to see well known michael. moore you know you said there was a it was well there are a lot of. early reviews from you know i was. i want to know why opinions in richmond are so deeply divided by just how are you glad to see you martha rawlins is also a cousin of robert e. lee you know you get look like only do i do you know i'm going to i don't have a horse and it was really no. martha helps run the richmond chapter of an organization name coming to the table. it was set up to help realize one of the dreams of dr martin luther king jr that the children of former slaves and slave owners would one day sit down together at the same table just the
4:10 am
action of bringing 2 people together don't go to the same chairs that don't shop in the same places live in the same neighborhood and don't look alike i say that when we even go out in public we are the marching pair here we've been on every civil rights and woman's march there is even just seeing us to gather models what is possible that in itself some people say that's really small but i think it's huge coming here is how evil which is to heal the lines of. the legacy of things like martin who he is now who are visiting our purpose 1st rack is uncovering and and teaching truth in history. and you will be a lot of homework even though. this is monument avenue. martha wastes no time in starting her 1st lesson on the true history of the american civil war next when we come to is. jefferson davis
4:11 am
jefferson davis was the president of confederacy we need to weed what's written on his monument. it's it's appalling. the words on the statue paid for by the daughters of the confederacy gives a now discredited view of history. that the civil war was not fought to defend slavery but a heroic struggle to preserve the southern way of life from northern interference. which is that once a year is hardly that so it says to insure any section of the country not even for our own security benefit. but the high and solemn motive of defending and protecting the rights we inherited which it is our duty to transmit unshorn to our children. and what rights we heard they were to write to us right and i was taught
4:12 am
in school that we were not defending slavery we were just defending our us now from the northern aggression the rest why. next we visit the statue of our common ancestor it's very painful to remember the legacy evidence right where my great grandmother was 2nd cousin or property. so it's painful it's painful to know cham is not perfect right for our queen i would take them day on the defense of slavery was not. something to be honored. gary flowers is a local radio host and custodian of black history in richmond he wants to show me a statue that he fought to get a wrecked in in 2017 so this is mrs maggie cleaned out walker. born to an insulated mother maggie walker was the 1st black woman to charter
4:13 am
a bank in the united states the st luke penny savings bank statues say to the community and say to the world this is someone whose fault to put on a on a literal pedestal that is a woman to be honored and that is a woman to be memorialized so that's what is so disheartening and despicable about the confederate statues because they fought for slavery. sedition secession and racial segregation and so those are not honorable virtues for which to fight nor are they american there is no other country on the planet that honors and statuary the losers of a civil war itself that my ancestors who were burned be brutalized raped by a confederate a confederate thinkers that is
4:14 am
a constant symbol to me the confederate statue that we have now honoring a dishonorable man and a dishonorable cause and a dishonorable confederacy. statues mean so. there are others in richmond who are adamant the statue should remain the organization sons of confederate veterans has spent tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees to prevent the removal of statues in charlottesville and elsewhere. well mr morehead just again and andrew morehead hanging to me yes or welcome to richmond and hollywood cemetery i'm at it told you i'm a relative of robert e. lee absolutely with the beard with the reddish beard you look more like you have stuart but that's excellent let's take a look at a few things and write. these are the dead from gettysburg. we visit the confederate section of the cemetery with the graves of around 2000
4:15 am
soldiers who died in gettysburg a battle lost by robert e. lee in 1963 it was arguably the turning point in the war. heavy casualties. around 50000 soldiers from both sides died in that battle there are a lot of people that feel that the statues need to come down when you look at these monuments just on a pure abstract be they're beautiful works of art beautiful works of art and then you've got the military brilliance of robert e. lee which is still studied by military theorists today the passion for this issue we as the sins of confederate ancestors. they're our family we revere the fact that we feel in our opinion they fought for a noble cause. to overthrow it overbearing federal government would you want
4:16 am
anybody to talk badly about your family just the notion of family you know brings up a lot of emotions in me but at the same time if there is a member of one's family that is doing something that you don't agree with you have a responsibility for them sure and we're responsible for the legacy of our ancestors as far as telling the truth as we see it robert e. lee didn't say i'm going to fight for slavery no what he said is i cannot term us a word against virginia so that tells you that the war was not about slavery there are some things we're not going to agree on i appreciate your time and giving us your point of view absolutely. andrew's view that the civil war wasn't primarily fought to preserve slavery has been debunked by the vast majority of scholars. i'm
4:17 am
curious to find out why so many millions of virginians still believe that all of this to an end if you don't. really have it kristie coleman is an expert on the american civil war and heads the museum in richmond specially devoted to the subject so kristie here we are 150 years after the civil war it seems like a lot of the history and perspectives are still unsettled why is it still such a hot button to day. i think. part of the reason is that we spent 150 years lying to each other about what this war was about. we spent 150 years lying and trying to reinforce the law and the truth is and it daughters of the confederacy and their historian of the organization a woman by the name of mildred rutherford makes it her business to frame the narrative that must be in every school or textbook and if it's not there she tells
4:18 am
the me. you must reject it from your home and you must reject it from your school. and that's exactly what they do so if you wonder why america has such a diverse view about this as it was crafted that way the way i see it is that robert e. lee fought for slavery and that's what the civil war was about but. along the way in our i've heard an alternate opinion the reality is men women and children were bought and sold from their families by lee ok at arlington. and in the other properties that he owned he comes from a family that for generations has bought and sold human beings this way. but i'm convinced that the weight of his choices. the death tolls and the casualties being so high i think weighed on his soul and i think that that is why he was so in his last years was so adamant.
4:19 am
to tell others don't put up statues don't relive this let's just. let's just be you have the intensity that i see in his images both in your eyes i really like ike i think that might be a family trait it's probably just beard maybe it's very. good. to see what people think i look like he's got. my own view is that the statue should be removed because it glorifies a shameful cause the fight to preserve slavery. over 700000 soldiers died in the american civil war the equivalent of 7000000 today. i guess it gives me some small comfort to know that my ancestor also didn't want any monuments to this dark period
4:20 am
in our history. it's time for me to face up to the sins of my ancestors. this church in peter's ville maryland was built by black people my ancestors and slaves. my grandmother used to bring me here as a child. i've come to see 2 of her friends i've known them since i was young lord have mercy or where she may almighty god have mercy on us to get us out and we're going to everlasting life. clarice in a stellar both descendants of the people my family and slaves i want to know how they feel about that it's not something my family ever discussed. i feel uncomfortable about bringing up the subject of enslavement i don't want to upset them. cleary some i'm wondering if you could tell me about the picture on
4:21 am
this book here this is my mom. madeline. and i'm claire. and she was the nurse of this little girl and momus mother used to work for the least so your mom's mother was born in slave belief and yes. ochoa how see he was a slave my great grandfather of the lead property i feel kind of strange about that someone earned how how you feel about that i just live in the present time and i know that i can go anywhere i want to go and do anything i want to do and i don't have to bow down to nobody see that that's me in this present time and that's where i am what i wanted to do was go on you know
4:22 am
a journey that where i figure out what i can do to make sure that you know we don't start slipping backwards you should just try to make sure that you treat people right don't. don't harbor thinking about what your great great grandfather did so i don't have no hard feelings with you but president you want to do something. make sure you do something i don't know what you're going to do. it if you win the lottery you can give me a couple of belt ok i could do that. part of the net just. hope we get. to help you and in your endeavor if
4:23 am
you really have it i hope i have because i think you got a wonderful family. i feel humbled that a sterling priest don't hold any grudge against my ancestors for what there is and are but i want to honor their call to action. i need to know how much closer we are to racial equality than in my great grandfather's day. baltimore the largest city in maryland is just one hour away. it has a population of 3000000 with a high proportion of black. 2015 there were street protests in baltimore. triggered by the death of a 25 year old black man. freddie gray spine was severed while in police custody no officer was ever convicted. i meet up with kwame rose
4:24 am
a young political activists who hit the headlines during the protest. kwame was filmed berating a well known t.v. host for failing to report the underlying race related issues fueling the honor asked i want you and oxys to get on board because you're not here warning about the border with syria like right. think things are are better they can. even better we have a white supremacist in office now may be just as bad as robert e. lee was and donald trump promotes and preys on the races ideologies that existence out of american society you know we black people built this country from on our hands our blood sweat tears and we haven't got one ounce of compensation reparation or even acknowledgement of the contribution we did what is it that i should know about baltimore what people should know about baltimore is that we are majority black population. 63 percent black most of our elected officials are black
4:25 am
but yet the disparity between income between white families and black families is still one of the highest in america. this is fells point it's a very white neighborhood kwame wants to show me that even after racial segregation officially ended baltimore is still divided into rich white and poor black areas. 8 here. you know drink here. actually that restaurant right there during opening day of the baseball season. i was actually called a nigger there. i come here knowing that me being here is. kind of a disruption to like the everyday whiteness i love doing and i love making people uncomfortable with my presence. you see the way the police patrol certain blocks of this neighborhood as a way to protect and you go up a couple blocks up the street the police are there to enforce yeah you can you tell
4:26 am
the difference you can tell the difference because the police here this is a space where drunken why people are allowed to have a good tom be drunk and it's written off up the street standing on a corner the police are there you know come out and disperse a crowd. it's kong right and there's nothing wrong with that the fact that this city is 63 percent black and the amount of people represented in certain communities like this aren't right here. i'll take you to a part of baltimore. pretty great grew up. being once across the slightest sensually you'll be able to tell the difference from where we just came from. you notice all the vacant businesses vacant homes. there are over 30000 vacant homes in baltimore the majority concentrated in black neighborhoods. the inequality in wealthier stock 3 times more black people than white live below the poverty line and blacks are 4 times more likely to be unemployed. this is america's. richest nation in the
4:27 am
world right. now this is going more homes this is where freddie great lived. so this is a neighborhood. flooded with poverty and adequate public housing lack of opportunity and jobs for pretty much of your born in this community you're stuck here. most kids that grow up in poverty. baltimore city don't have the chance to leave within 5 blocks of there. where they were born to really. what's the situation with the police and you can be someone like philander castille who had a weapon that was legally purchased and still killed even though he followed all the rules you can be afraid of gray who ran away as so many examples of black people who did nothing wrong but just were killed because they like ice cube said their skin was this end. in the united states black people are 3 times more likely
4:28 am
than whites to be killed by the police. how do we make sure these people in your homes have the same access to quality of life that the people fells point. what seems to me like before we can fix anything we have to acknowledge the truth of the situation what an acknowledgment that has to be some type of compensation as of which surely the greatest nation on earth when the people who made the greatest contribution should have access to a quality of life for those who oppress them and slaved us. i've never really taken the idea of reparations seriously before that meeting with kwame has made me reconsider. i need to learn more about the inequalities that black people continue to experience i'm ready to face more uncomfortable truths. told to old use their own. let me ask you how worried you are about the increase in
4:29 am
hostilities in yemen we listen this is the moment to stop all the 30 action this is the moment it all sounds right on fighting over it why did we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that on the edges there are as bombs continue to rain down on afghanistan civilians are paying the ultimate price they are completely forgotten and no $1.00 is listening to these people while those responsible operate with impunity this is about owning up mistakes this is about saying science is about accountability in a nicely unaccountable war has anyone from the us military been in touch with you since the night no not for klein's investigates afghanistan civilian loss in the us air war on a. throughout history human kind has come together to prevail in our darkest moments this is a moment for pretty much the opposite for hiding laying low saving humankind by really really. not getting near every generation has its moment where individual
4:30 am
sacrifice makes way for the good of those who come after this one is ours. but i'm a clock and all the top stories here on al-jazeera a growing number of us police departments are changing their tactics in the wake of the george floyd killing new york state in the city of minneapolis have moved to ban police chokeholds among other policy changes california will also start training its offices to use a type of restraint led to floyd's there across this country we train techniques on strangleholds that put people's lives at risk now we can argue that these are used as exceptions but at the end of the day karate hold that literally
4:31 am
is designed to stop people's blood from flowing into their brain that has no place any longer than 21st century practices and policing the n.f.l. commissioner has apologized for the way the u.s. football league handled players protests against police brutality in 2016 that's when colin kaepernick and others began kneeling before games while the national anthem was played when it was later found from his team and has never been hired since there's been an unexpected for all in the u.s. unemployment rates with a figure from a down to 13.3 percent what it indicates the u.s. economy may be recovering there was a slight increase in the jobless rate for black and asian workers. they've been scenes of jubilation in libya after the sudden end of warlord holy for have to 14 months offensive to seize the capital tripoli the un recognized government said it had seize a nearby city of talking you know on friday. francaise is killed the leader of al
4:32 am
qaeda in north africa the french defense minister says that a build malika droog del died in an operation on thursday in northwest mali several people from his inner circle were also killed tens of thousands of protesters have rallied in mali's capital calling for the president to resign they say that it brought him to calcutta and his government failed to tackle a worsening security situation president has threatened to pull brazil out of the world health organization in less it stops becoming what he calls a partisan political body his comments came just hours after the country reported a new daily record of coronavirus death so taking italy opening a field hospital the president described protest as opposed to his handling of the crisis as terrorists there's the headlines now let's get you back to al-jazeera correspondent by foot.
4:33 am
in baltimore maryland black people are 3 times more likely than white to be living in poverty. i want to know what that means for the people living. brick fontayne works for the city he grew up in a public housing project and has been helping disadvantaged youths in baltimore for over 10 years. housing projects is primarily black ok out of you know thousands of people maybe like 10 white people that live in the projects. it's no resources you have to say you have a saw story it was. someone you know they called you know. this james it was a time one of mr rich toughest soldiers. some of his squeegee and they earn money that way but a lot of kids on they sell bottled waters and bottled drinks for
4:34 am
a dollar i mean on the bottom yes thank you thank you he he with the legal hassles all right and you know lieberman sometimes i just pull kids off corners i mentor them i help them get to. rick takes me to the parking lot where de'monte howard a youth he mentored was shot dead just 2 months before. a lot of the drugs and activity happens right here and it's this parking lot and this is where unfortunately a lot of the homicides are robberies to please the c.r.p. diesel baby that was the a monster his nickname his mother was struggling as a single mom 3 children by herself and he did the fastest thing to help her and that was get involved in drugs for a year he was just good enough to help his mom and some guys from another neighborhood came here to rob them and ended up killing a really good kid old man always is trying to do better we got. i'm in wilberforce college and the day we were supposed to present him with his certificate to go to
4:35 am
college he was he was murdered right here really sorry to hear. this is the president. was a boss we've been to and i miss my homeboy good to see just. what would you like for this community all these kids to take them out with trips to the springs more stuff that's all you know right here so. it was all of the bombing like i think it could lead to future of all those. were. a lot of problems in maadi these kids feel like they're forced to do that to survive they're not doing it to be driving a mercedes in bentleys and things like that they're doing it because if i don't do this i won't eat tonight people in these neighborhoods are not asking for anything but opportunity the same equal playing field that the rest of america gets. no you don't. this is mine. which i need
4:36 am
a moment so this is this is james so lose that. you know i always see how you know you know every new thing that we do you know how you know they do everybody feel so safe a passerby is their baby especially to the streets and then now here i am i one of them. i'm so sorry for your loss thank you so much thank you thank you i appreciate . there were 343 homicides in baltimore and 2017 more than 90 percent of these people were black. chan wallace is a baltimore photographer who uses her craft to combat racial stereotyping so i use photography as a form of activism my black lives matter and this what we are this is what we are outside of the gaze of whiteness. this guy right here i see black men
4:37 am
all the time but i see how the world continues to perpetuate that these moments moments like this don't happen sometimes i photograph a black man and by the time i have the photograph printed and ready to give it to them they block that now. i went back to go give them a copy but you don't. weave and doors so much pain and have these moments where we didn't have anybody to tell you no but a lot of people tell me about those moments when i take their photograph and talk about our trauma talk about the injustice. what can i do what can white people do to kind of shift the way that they think and i think that for white people it starts with just simply care about black people and envision in more equal society allies i don't think that an ally job is to go in and dictate and tell people what to do and give directions this is listen and to take notes.
4:38 am
she has arranged a photo shoot in the area of baltimore where she grew up. she photographs her brother does many cousin quoting in front of. 2 generations punished them we still live on the street. does many quoting have served time in prison one in 3 black men in the u.s. it's a felony conviction. over 76 year prison brought up in this. i was forced to come out of this trying to. provide a way from our. 0 sam a little brother but we were forced into this we don't have. the right to tell you . the forces on the street. nobody every day for a 5th of our kids is there a pedophile with i'm not even. it was darker bring my son. is community my
4:39 am
family my whole family stuck in this community when you look back across the generations the advantages that white people have put in position for themselves and all black people and then the disadvantage as i might be was mommy just because you're white you should never bet up there and to me i don't think so but that's just like him and then think about his fall and then his father it always was this event right so for a black person pieces is very. true i get something about a bit of child and i think about it we just want to push for some are the put the spotlight on us and give us a little bit of hope and then but i was determined what we will do with the help we don't wait out that soon not over so scar we've askey to speak out because the surprise we portrayed him is as if we cool with it but we're not we so scarred that we don't even want to speak out because we're afraid of the next person to look at . you guys are going to take this with me
4:40 am
you know trying trying to spread the message. i mean i came here to listen and to learn you know and it seems like such a small thing. just to hear these stories. is so it's not small because quality he got emotional and even my brother got emotional because now i have people listening to him you know people really fight it down matter we don't really talk about it because it happens so much it's not news it's not new. quality i know he didn't want to say that stuff for a long time he got kids he got a family you know and they all live in poverty it is the as still living in poverty these this is not the dream for us. i later discovered that the continuing existence and bring. white neighborhoods and poor black
4:41 am
neighborhoods in baltimore is not accidental but a legacy of decades of deliberate racial discrimination. in the mid 1930 s. the us government was encouraging people to buy their own homes by offering federal loans however most black people were systematically refused mortgages. in addition government and financial institutions to up maps disqualifying some areas for subsidies readline zones usually defined as neighborhoods where black people live. this deliberate denial of equal opportunities for black people to buy real estate is a major reason for the wealth gap between blacks and whites that exist today. my efforts to educate myself in america's hidden history lead me to 2 academics who have spent years researching the racial wealth gap in america and the reasons for it hello i am james say of. person what does that inequality look
4:42 am
like in the aftermath of the civil war blacks may have all the less than one percent of the american wealth. what's particularly striking and disturbing about that figure is that if we look at the comparable measure today it's about 2 percent so we have a wealth position for black americans today that in a relative is not very different from what it was at the end of slavery is there an unpaid debt that is to to black people in america yes the estimates can run as high as 17 trillion dollars there was an opportunity to reverse the consequences of slavery instead for really enslaved folks never received the 40 acres and a mule that they were promised if that type of land reform it actually taken place it would have completely altered the trajectory of wealth inequality by race in the
4:43 am
united states we got the destruction of black communities that had developed some measure of prosperity through white massacres that took place from the period of about 880 through about 1940. the midwestern community of greenwood in tulsa oklahoma was the most affluent black community in america with over 300 black owned businesses known as black wall street. in main 1921 the whole 35 block neighborhood was obliterated by a white mob triggered by a false rumor that a black man had raped a white girl homes businesses schools and churches were burned and by and over 100 people died. while a massacre after another in a sort of rolled across the country all of these riots where thousands of black people were killed if you study history you see that this is been a continuous. a continuous assault on by people yeah we we think there is
4:44 am
a giant. and we think it needs to be met because i think it is a just response to america's history my family's. you know status and wealth as as has been has benefited from from their choice to enslave people the total number is staggering of whites who owned at least one black body you know would have at least half at least half up the population good white population i actually met recently the descent descendants of one of the people my family enslaved and found out that i had actually known this this woman a stellar who's 90 years old now and most of my life is her full name. her name is. sorry i'm blanking on her last name stella.
4:45 am
it's telling you know that she's many years your senior and yet you refer to her by her 1st name right. there it is right there i mean i don't mean any disrespect. to check. well apparently no one else in their family has referred to her by any other in the affair but were direct about yeah yeah yeah no you're absolutely right i think it probably made both of us uncomfortable you know for you for you to call me out there. maybe even to me that maybe not to put it that it was. i had no idea that the wealth gap between whites and blacks is still so huge today . sandy and kirsten have convinced me that the case for reparations is overwhelming
4:46 am
. i wonder if more white americans would agree with me if they knew how much of their wealth advantage is stalling and honor and. i mean houston texas to meet a group of people whose views i'd like to understand black separatists have. not been the thing that i think. the new black panther party has been described as a fairly racist organization whose leaders have encouraged violence against whites and police. yakin and binya one of its former leaders is now chairman of a new organization the people's new black panther party that claims to disavow hatred. is that right here. you you should know this you know one thing back then i grew up in virginia so yeah yeah i've shot counts of of the right yeah i don't own any myself right really and you know and
4:47 am
a gun for 10 years. with the panthers are planning a patrol in the southwest of the city where there have been some recent shootings you read a road map. we don't like the police coming to town i would neighborhoods patrol and i would neighborhoods and so we should give an example of how we can be self determining. the polies out here killing our you know people at home and we were patrolling our own neighborhoods we wouldn't have these situations occur so. we have a message of separation we don't want to continue to live with white america hating boyd hasn't worked out we've tried everything we've worked we've served we. you know for equal rights and we continue to be in the same situation all right so this is the group for tonight how you both of. you know do anything is going on without people who will want to call the police on one another and stuff like that when we
4:48 am
deal with young boys these days in the households will single mothers and things like that you have a number yeah yeah yeah i'm a number down so that's what we do and i have a couple already know the new chicks out i just think it's a little but it seems like when you come out here people are pretty interested in what you're doing we come out in the community and people see us it excites us and of course you go to police now yeah yeah we got a call in here so we are just there would always help but they never thought all we told would be not legal rights we're not going to be a piece of all right you have a good day all right all right. we're going to do a quick safety check. take this is the hope to care stay long don't have any felonies on your record anything like that it's ok for you to open carry is legal. the huey p. newton gun club is the defense arm of the party there's a lot of different ways to to fight racial injustice why do you think you know armed patrols this is is the way to go we had bustling black towns and we were very
4:49 am
strong economically but what happened was we lacked a weapon and we're going to have to defend ourselves and this that's the bottom line self-defense what role do you think white people have been. in working towards more equality a lot of people who are afraid to say this a word reparations is a bad word is going to be associated with things like welfare and government handouts and stuff like that is not a government handout i think reparations as well overdue let's go ahead and move out. a few weeks ago materials call for compensation may have surprised me but i'm starting to notice a pattern amongst a diverse range of activists soft 3. 100 black bro but. not as a white person i'm way out of my comfort zone but. i don't agree with their
4:50 am
separatist message in armed patrols but i don't feel any hatred from the suplex is prone to strong so just to be clear those those views hate against whites and tyson anti-semitism you don't identify with that no no no we're different organization we want a different leadership we're not a hate group we don't hate anybody our way actions show we don't hate anybody so how do you feel about that how do you want to live separate do you think will i totally out of my mind that you think we can all get along. i hope that we can get along you know especially if white people are going to come around to the idea of reparations and and you know trying to make a more fair and equal society because if this doesn't change just some point it's not going to be pretty it's going good. back to a point where we begin to some point to race wars when we end up breaking up and just a point i was going to get to now is give me hope because nothing is changing and hopefully you see that i'm coming from a good place and i just want what's best for my children and my grandchildren
4:51 am
that's common after me well look i'm and i think there's a couple things that we don't agree on but i think upstart understand where you're coming from or how we both learned some things always try to take things away from a conversation. like the protests. not far from houston is where the last american slaves were finally freed in 865. it's depressing to realize that after 150 years some black people feel so let down that they think separation is their only option. making a difference seems almost impossible. but i'm determined to do something. pay they need to. want it because it. was later this thank you thank you for coming to need invites me to the national gathering of coming to the table where this year's theme is reparations.
4:52 am
over the next 2 days i attend several discussions on what white people can do to help. these range from scholarship funds for african-americans. to tips on how to talk to other white people about racial inequality. the conference gives me a lot of good ideas to take away. there's someone from the coming to the table gathering that i want to meet again a.j. i need to apologize for something thoughtless i said earlier i meet up with stephen at a historic house in harrisonburg virginia stevens trying to raise the funds to save it of the parents that constructed his home or hands that were formerly held in bondage we were talking in and you said you know that's what it's like being a black man in virginia and i said i could imagine. i
4:53 am
mediately felt pretty foolish for saying that but i don't think you could even imagine what it's like to be a black man in the state of virginia i have to be mindful of every single thing that i say every single place that i go every single thing that i do my body language my you know mannerisms my tone arm and you know it's it's not lost upon me that i have never experienced with a truly means to be free black people in the united states of america or anywhere near free. when you consider. that with one force more. that with one. violation of the fragility of the feelings of white people. very lives could be taken away from us and ended in an instant what else can you know a white person like me do i want you to see. that
4:54 am
despite the best efforts of your ancestors. despite. on the most cunning and conniving and destructive. of plots and plans that were devised by your ancestors my ancestors over care what i'm saying as i'm hoping that you can recognize then that we are equal. because there was a time not that long ago but were your people didn't see mind that way i think it's up to people such as yourself and myself us together to try to do whatever is necessary to marshal we don't perpetuate these lies would you agree absolutely no man can agree more. could you follow us please. on the last night of the national
4:55 am
gathering do need to ask me to join her at the james river in richmond to watch the same trail as her enslaved ancestors. i should. feel like before course society are staging a reenactment specially for coming to the table dolly by. africans captured traded dragged from their motherland and the altar after now i'm 10 weeks at sea so i felt this concealed cargo disembarked only at night to the crack of the whip in the shadows and same. me.
4:56 am
oh my movie what. do you. know mouth. you know that. left out. now. for over an hour i walked the same dirt path that hundreds of thousands of the slaves africans were forced to follow. as i think about the magnitude of their suffering and sacrifice i feel a deep in sense of shame and sorrow that their descendants have never received a formal apology or a penny in compensation from the u.s. government. so that was really intense it was absolutely humbling. and i just kept thinking about everything that had been taken away from the people that arrived on
4:57 am
the shores. and how there's no way that that could ever be given back to them. i decided to join the fight for reparations. not just because of my ancestors. but because morally it's the right thing to do. all of us must take responsibility for repaying the vast debt owed to black people so that future generations can finally have an equal share of the opportunities and wealth of this nation it works.
4:58 am
head of the pension brainchild across eastern areas of the united states and even the chance again of some severe storms developing across areas to the north meanwhile across the west a very different scenario it is hot it is dry the winds have been strong and this. is testament to exactly that about a dozen homes were actually damaged or in some cases even it destroyed but the weather conditions should begin to improve throughout the weekend this rain heading across we have to put these very strong winds across the southwest but as you can see these rains very heavy at times becoming very extensive quite strong winds along the coastal areas of washington down across into oregon and then throughout south sea we're watching this this is actually topical storm cristobal it will be forming in the gulf of mexico pushing very heavy rain sunday into the southern areas of the united states meanwhile across into areas accounted a huge amount of rain really developing on an area of low pressure that fine and
4:59 am
dry across much of the east so central america is where we're watching very closely this that's right on friday cools down graded into a tropical depression but already producing some torrential amounts of rain into mexico and as the days progress this storm system will eventually pull up into the gulf of mexico through saturday beginning to take the very heavy amounts of rain with it and sunday by sunday it should we must draw a picture as the storm heads to the south coast of the u.s. . from. short films of hope and inspiration. a series of short stories that highlight the human triumph against the odds. al-jazeera selects save humanity i really really
5:00 am
not getting anywhere near it. this is al jazeera. but they're on a clock this is a news hour live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes minneapolis bands of police chokeholds as nationwide protests continue over george floyd's day. with the national football league in the wrong 4 years after colin kaepernick took an me jury in the u.s. national anthem the n.f.l. says it should have listened to players fighting for racial equality.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on