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tv   A Moral Debt The Legacy Of Slavery In The U.S.A.  Al Jazeera  June 7, 2020 9:00am-10:01am +03

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in your communities in here and i'm biased and as an african i couldn't be more proud to be part of the. hello i'm down jordan dialogue with the top stories on al-jazeera tens of thousands of people have demonstrated in washington d.c. the police brutality in the united states a largely peaceful demonstration is thought to be the city's biggest since ronnie's began the george floyd's death in minneapolis nearly 2 weeks ago particle has more on the day's developments across the us. it happened all over in cities big and small new york philadelphia los angeles denver and all through the nation's capital washington d.c. awash with peaceful protests while the u.s.
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president stayed mostly silent inside a heavily fortified white house the protesters filled the streets outside demanding change someone has to do something about that it can't be that we're just dying out here and no one's doing anything about that all we get our promises and promises and nothing ever changes but i want my children to see that america we can go out and we can do things like this we can we can show that we support are the true equality our true constitutional values so i think it's a porch my kids to see it after decades of protest one time activists say this time seems different my brother is in this so many people across grows cold in rages and sexual orientation there are people out there you know black people too long they may have to bear the burden alone but police are protesting as well in buffalo new york the 2 officers who did this shoving a peaceful 75 year old man to the pavement seriously injuring him have been arrested on felony assault. charges though officers showed up at the courthouse to
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protest their arrests still this is a massive call for change at least one governor says it's coming the legislature is going to come back next week we have the say their name agenda transparency of prior disciplinary actions for police officers the 58 bill no choko across the united states they braved the risks of a pandemic to send a united message there can be no more who meet the same painful and as george white all while his family remembered him with a funeral in his north carolina town where he was born and the nation shouted out his. name al-jazeera. but people around the world of also gathered to express their anger of a george floyd's death in the u.k. demonstrators rallied to denounce institutional racism thousands gathered in london with a small number of protest as clashing with police libya's un recognized government
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is known as an offensive to reclaim these to dziedzic city of stronghold of warlord and even have to the government also rejected a ceasefire plan proposed by halftime after talks in egypt traina is on a highway leading to set with more now on the government's offensive. we were. here to tell me that they want to continue on after still 30 very strategic it is based in central libya so it's. just forces that position themselves there are some say to keep a position in power of position in impossible to go she ations this will be a major step back after have to have lost several cities and was to libya will be a major setback in any possible peace talks in the future. lebanese security forces of fired tear gas at protesters in beirut hundreds demonstrated in the capital testing against the economic crisis around 30 percent of the population is out of
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work. brazil's government is being accused of trying to hide the extent of the corona virus outbreak off it stopped publishing a running total of deaths and infections president both tomorrow says the numbers are not written representative of the situation but state health secretary say they'll fight the changes calling them inhumane and an ethical india is recalled its highest daily tally of corona virus infections with cases now exceeding 246000 that's the 5th highest number worldwide the government has been gradually easing lock down instructions hoping to revive the economy. china says if it finds a coronavirus vaccine it will be for the good of people around the world besides mr knight the pledge while presenting a white paper on china's fight against private 90 there was the headline in the news continues here at al-jazeera off the al-jazeera correspondent stage and also watching life and. you're.
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see. i'm james gannon a news editor for al-jazeera. i grew up in this house in virginia in the southern united states my childhood here was a happy one my family weren't rich but we were comfortable. i was particularly close to my grandmother mary hamilton lee it was she the told me about my leave family history. my most famous ancestor general robert e. lee led the confederate army against the union during the american civil war in the mid 1900 centuries. i was proud that this man considered one of virginia's greatest
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heroes was a relative. i wasn't told that he fought to defend slavery. or at. on the 12th of august 2017 these pictures of racial hatred in charlottesville in virginia were particularly shocking. because that white supremacists were rallying around was the preservation of a statue of my ancestor robert e. lee. i felt outrage that my family name was associated with the k.k.k. and neo nazis. what happened in charlottesville. made me consider for the 1st time the true legacy of my slave owning ancestors and. i want to know why people in my home state of virginia are so divided on the subject of confederate monuments and what they represent. and i want to find out how much the oppression of enslaved people by my ancestors has had an impact on black lives in america today. what i'm
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told will at times make me deeply uncomfortable. but these conversations for me are long overdue. but now i'm broke. richmond virginia is the former capital of the confederacy the 11 southern states the vote the union in the american civil war. the statue of my ancestor robert e. lee is one of the 5 confederate statues on monument avenue the grandest street in richmond it stands 18 meters tall and dominates the city's landscape. for over 100 years richmond has honored as one of its greatest heroes until recently. in 20159 black church goers in south carolina were shot by
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a white supremacist the killer was photographed with a confederate flag a symbol for racists of white supremacy and soon after the city council in new orleans voted for their confederate statues to be removed the state of louisiana was once a major center for the slave trade. and public consultations took place in virginia which once had the largest in slave population in america in richmond the debate over the monument avenue statues was heated now is the time for us so tearing down participation trophies for the losing side the war the us. the british the 3. let's remember too that after the war lincoln county could to help reconcile and rebuild relationships between north and south how can anyone say this great leader is a symbol of hate and evil and white supremacy. there's a question whether vision
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a statute would you like to see well known michael. moore you know you said there was a lot of this well there are a lot of. early reviews from you know i was. i want to know why opinions in richmond are so deeply divided by just how are you glad to see you martha rawlins is also a cousin of robert e. lee you know you look like only do i go yes i'm going to look at a lot of horse and they're going to really know where this. martha helps run the richmond chapter of an organization name coming to the table so it was set up to help realize one of the dreams of dr martin luther king jr that the children of former slaves and slave owners would one day sit down together at the same table.
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just the action of bringing people together don't go to the same. shop in the same places live in the same neighborhood and don't look alike i say that when we even go out in public we are the marching pair here we've been on every civil rights and woman's march there is even just seeing us to gather models what is possible that in itself i know some people say that's really small but i think it's huge coming to his head evil which is to heal the lines of. the legacy of things like martin you know he's now. visiting our purpose 1st rack is uncovering and and teaching truth in history. in your movie a lot of homework even though. this is monument avenue. martha wastes no time in starting her 1st lesson on the true history of the american civil war next when we come to is. jefferson davis
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jefferson davis was the president of confederacy we need do we need words written on his monument. it's a it's appalling. the words on the statue paid for by the daughters of the confederacy gives a now discredited view of history. that the civil war was not fought to defend slavery but a heroic struggle to preserve the southern way of life from northern interference. which is that we say you're hardly that so it says to injure any section of the country not even for our own security benefit. but the high and solemn motive of defending and protecting the rights we inherited which it is our duty to transmit unshorn to our children. you know what the rights we inherited were the right to us right right and i was taught in school that we were not defending slavery we were
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just defending our us now from the northern aggression the rest why. next we visit the statue of our common ancestor it's very painful to remember the legacy evidence right where my great grandmother was 2nd cousin or property. so it's painful it's painful to know cham is not perfect right our queen i would take them day on the defense of slavery was not. something to be honored. gary flowers is a local radio host and custodian of black history in richmond he wants to show me a statue that he fought to get a wrecked in in 2017 so this is mrs maggie cleaned out walker. born to an insulated mother maggie walker was the 1st black woman to charter
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a bank in the united states the st luke penny savings bank statues say to the community and say to the world this is someone whose fault it is put on a on a literal pedestal that is a woman to be honored and that is a woman to be memorialized so that's what is so disheartening and despicable about the confederate statues because they fought for slavery. sedition secession and racial segregation and so those are not honorable virtues for which to fight nor are they american there is no other country on the planet that honors and statuary the losers of a civil war itself that my ancestors who were burned be brutalized raped by a confederate a confederate thinkers that is
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a constant symbol to me the confederate statue that we have now honoring a dishonorable man and a dishonorable cause and a dishonorable confederacy. statues mean so. there are others in richmond who are adamant the statue should remain the organization sons of confederate veterans has spent tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees to prevent the removal of statues in charlottesville and elsewhere. oh mr morehead mr gannon and you're more head handed to me yes or welcome to richmond and hollywood cemetery i'm at it told you i'm a relative of robert e. lee absolutely and with the beard with the reddish beard you look more like you have stuart but that's excellent let's take a look at a few things and write. these are the dead from gettysburg. we visit the confederate section of the cemetery with the graves of around 2000
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soldiers who died in gettysburg a battle lost by robert e. lee in 1963 it was arguably the turning point in the war. heavy casualties. around 50000 soldiers from both sides died in that battle there are a lot of people that feel that those statues need to come down when you look at these monuments just on a pure abstract be they're beautiful works of our beautiful works of art and then you've got the military brilliance of robert e. lee which is still studied by military theorists today the passion for this issue we as the sins of confederate ancestors. they're our family we revere the fact that we feel in our opinion they fought for a noble cause. to overthrow it overbearing federal government would you want
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anybody to talk badly about your family just the notion of family you know brings up a lot of emotions in me but at the same time if there's a member of one's family that is doing something that you don't agree with you have a responsibility for them sure and we're responsible for the legacy of our ancestors as far as telling the truth as we see it robert e. lee didn't say i'm going to fight for slavery no what he said is i cannot term us a word against virginia so that tells you that the war was not about slavery there are some things we're not going to agree on i appreciate your time and giving us your point of view absolutely. andrews' view that the civil war wasn't primarily fought to preserve slavery has been debunked by the vast majority of scholars. i'm
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curious to find out why so many millions of virginians still believe that all of this to an end it's easy to. relate to christie coleman is an expert on the american civil war and heads the museum in richmond specially devoted to the subject so kristie here we are 150 years after the civil war it seems like a lot of the history and perspectives are still unsettled why is it still such a hot button to day. i think. part of the reason is that we spent 150 years lying to each other about what this war was about. we spent 150 years lying and trying to reinforce the law and the truth is and it daughters of the confederacy and their historian of the organization a woman by the name of mildred rutherford makes it her business to frame the narrative that must be in every school or textbook and if it's not there she tells
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the me. you must reject it from your home and you must reject it from your school and that's exactly what they do so if you wonder why america has such a diverse virgine view about this as it was crafted that way the way i see it is that robert e. lee fought for slavery and that's what the civil war was about but. along the way in our i've heard an alternate opinion the reality is men women and children were bought and sold from their families by lee ok at arlington. and in many other properties that he owned he comes from a family that for generations has bought and sold human beings this way. but i'm convinced that the weight of his choices. the death tolls and the casualties being so high i think weighed on his soul and i think that that is why he was so in his last years was so adamant.
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to tell others don't put up statues don't relive this let's just. let's just be you have the intensity that i see in his images with in your eyes a real ick ick i think that might be a family trait it's probably just beard maybe it's very. good. to see what people think i look like he's got. my own view is that the statue should be removed because it glorifies a shameful cause the fight to preserve slavery. over 700000 soldiers died in the american civil war the equivalent of 7000000 today. i guess it gives me some small comfort to know that my ancestor also didn't want any monuments to this dark period
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in our history. it's time for me to face up to the sins of my ancestors. this church in peter's ville maryland was built by black people my ancestors and slaves. my grandmother used to bring me here as a child. i've come to see 2 of her friends i've known them since i was young lord have mercy or where she may almighty god have mercy on us forgive us our own we're going to everlasting life. clarice in a stellar both descendants of the people my family and slaves i want to know how they feel about that it's not something my family ever discussed. i feel uncomfortable about bringing up the subject of enslavement i don't want to upset them. cleary some i'm wondering if you could tell me about the picture on
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this book here this is my mom. madeline. and i'm claire is this. and she was the nurse of this little girl and momus mother used to work for the least so your mom's mother was born in slave belief and yes. oh tell her how see he was a slave my great grandfather of the leap property i feel kind of strange about that someone earned how how you feel about that i just live in the present time and i know that i can go anywhere i want to go and do anything i want to do and i don't have to bow down to nobody see that that's me in this present time and that's where i am what i wanted to do was go on you know
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a journey that where i figure out what i can do to make sure that you know we don't start slipping backwards you should just try to make sure that you treat people right don't. i don't harbor thinking about what your great great grandfather did so i don't know him no hard feelings with you but i'm proud that you want to do something. make sure you do something i don't know what you're going to do. if you win the lottery you can give me a couple of belt ok i could do that. but other than met james i hope. to get to help you in in your endeavors
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if you really have it i hope i have because i think you got a wonderful family. i feel humbled that a sterling priest don't hold any grudge against my ancestors for what theirs endured but i want to honor their call to action. i need to know how much closer we are to racial equality than in my great grandfather's day. baltimore the largest city in maryland is just one hour away. it has a population of 3000000 with a high proportion of black. in 2015 there were street protests in baltimore. triggered by the death of a 25 year old black man. freddie gray spine was severed while in police custody no officer was ever convicted. i meet up with kwame rose
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a young political activists who hit the headlines during the protest that probably took kwame was filmed in a well known t.v. host for failing to report the underlying race related issues fueling the on arrest i want you and fox news to get out of baltimore city because you're not here warning about the boarded up homes exterior black friday night. i think things are better are they getting better we have a white supremacist in office now may be just as bad as robert e. lee was when donald trump promotes and preys on the races ideologies that exist inside of american society you know we black people built this country from on our hands our blood sweat tears and we haven't got one ounce of compensation reparation or even acknowledgement of the contribution we did what is it that i should know about baltimore what people should know about baltimore is that we are majority black population. 63 percent black most of our elected officials are black.
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but yet the disparity between income between white families and black families is still one of the highest in america. this is fells point it's a very white neighborhood. kwame wants to show me that even after racial segregation officially ended baltimore is still divided into rich white and poor black areas. ate here. you know drink here. actually that restaurant right there during opening day of the baseball season. i was actually called a nigger there. i come here knowing that me being here is. kind of a disruption to like the everyday whiteness i love doing and i love making people uncomfortable with my presence. you see the way the police patrol certain blocks of this neighborhood as a way to protect and you go up a couple blocks up the street the police are there to enforce yeah you can you tell
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the difference you can tell the difference because the police here this is a space where drunken why people are allowed to have a good tom be drunk and it's written off up the street standing on a corner the police are there you know come out and disperse a crowd. it's calm right and there's nothing wrong with that the fact that this city is 63 percent black and the amount of people represented in certain communities like this aren't right here. i'll take you to a part of baltimore. it's pretty great grew up. in what's across the slightest sensually you'll be able to tell the difference from where we just came from. you notice all the vacant businesses vacant homes. there are over 30000 vacant homes in baltimore the majority concentrated in black neighborhoods. the inequality in wealthier stock 3 times more black people than white live below the poverty line and blacks are 4
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times more likely to be unemployed. this is america. richest nation in the world right. now this is going more homes this is where freddie great lived. so this is a neighborhood. flooded with poverty and adequate public housing lack of opportunity and jobs for pretty much of your born in this community you're stuck here. most kids that grow up in poverty. baltimore city don't have the chance to leave with them blocks of their. where they were born to really. what's the situation with the police and you can be someone like philander castille who had a weapon that was legally purchased and still killed even though he followed all the rules you can be afraid of gray who ran away as so many examples of black people who did nothing wrong but just were killed because they like ice cube said their skin was this and in the united states black people are 3 times more likely
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than whites to be killed by the police. how do we make sure these people in your homes have the same access to quality of life that the people fells point have. it seems to me like before we can fix anything we have to acknowledge the truth of the situation more than acknowledgement there has to be some type of compensation is of which surely the greatest nation on earth when the people who made the greatest contribution should have access to a quality of life for those who are oppressed and slave those. i've never really taken the idea of reparations seriously before but meeting with kwame has made me reconsider. i need to learn more about the inequalities that black people continue to experience i'm ready to face more uncomfortable truths. as countries begin easing coronavirus restrictions scientists warned of a 2nd wave of infections in the last few days. and some of the neighborhood and
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many feel the economy is being prioritized about for human life until fall apart getting the focus on the outfield will spike in public places we bring you the latest developments from across the globe coronavirus content of special coverage on a. tool to use their own we let me ask you how worried you are about the increase in hostilities in yemen we listen this is the moment you stop already 30 action this is the moment to concentrate on fighting over why did we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories that on the edges there are so controversial a bridge i am not an idealogue let me be absolutely clear to democracy and international development will the road doesn't cut inequality in fact the increase i want from a bestselling author and distinguished global economist you don't advocate for
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greed i should do i mean i should do many times as one having read my book at home . you might know him very well give the committee his sand goes head to head we've done be some more you have been accused of being crazy i'm not in fact crazy on al-jazeera. i'm convinced in doha with top stories on al-jazeera tens of thousands of people have demonstrated in washington d.c. of the police brutality in the united states the launch of the peaceful demonstration is thought to be the city's biggest since rallies began over george floyd's death and minneapolis nearly 2 weeks ago. people around the world have also gathered to express their anger of a floyds death in the u.k. demonstrate israeli to denounce institutional racism thousands gathered in london with a small number of protesters clashing with police near downing street that's where the prime minister lives. libya's u.n.
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recognized government has launched an offensive to reclaim the strategic city of sirte a stronghold of war holy for halftones forces the government also rejected a ceasefire plan proposed by hostile after talks in egypt. is on a highway beating with more on the government's offensive. the words. here tell me that they want to continue on after still 30 is very strategic it is based in central libya so it's. just forces of position themselves there are some say to keep a position of power of position in impossible to go to the ations this will be a major step after have to have lost several cities and was. will be a major search in any possible peace talks in the future lebanese security forces have fired tear gas at protesters in beirut hundreds demonstrated in lebanon's
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capital protesting against the economic crisis well 30 percent of the population is out of luck. brazil's government is being accused of trying to hide the extent of its corona virus outbreak after it stopped publishing a running total of deaths and infections president says the numbers are not representative of the situation but say tell secretaries say they'll fight the changes calling them inhumane and unethical. india has recorded its highest day b. tally of coronavirus infections with cases now exceeding 246000 that's the 5th highest number wold wide the government has been gradually easing lockdown restrictions hoping to revive the economy more shopping malls restaurants and places of worship due to reopen from monday those are the headlines taking you back now to al-jazeera correspondent to stay with us.
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in baltimore maryland black people are 3 times more likely than white to be living in poverty. i want to know what that means for the people living. rick fontayne works for the city he grew up in a public housing project and has been helping disadvantaged youths in baltimore for over 10 years. housing projects is primarily black ok out of you know thousands of people maybe like 10 white people that live in the projects. it's no resources you have to sit you have a saw story it was. someone you know they called you know. this james it was a tough one of mr rich toughest soldiers. some like his squeegee and if they earn money that way but a lot of kids on they sell bottled waters and bottled drinks for
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a dollar i mean on the bottom yes thank you thank you he he with the legal hassles are right and you know lieberman sometimes i just pull kids off corners i mentor them i help them get to. rick takes me to the parking lot where de'monte howard a youth he mentored was shot dead just 2 months before. a lot of the drugs and activity happens right here and it's this parking lot and this is where unfortunately a lot of the homicides are robberies to please the c.r.p. diesel baby that was the amount of his nickname his mother was struggling as a single mom 3 children by herself and he did the fastest thing to help her and that was get involved in drugs or here he was just good enough to help his mom and some guys from another neighborhood came here to rob them and ended up killing a really good kid old man always is trying to do better we got. him in wilberforce college and the day we were supposed to present him with his certificate to go to
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college he was he was murdered right here really started here he says as the president. was a bush we've been to and i miss my home boy. just. what would you like for this community all these kids to take them out with trips to the springs more stuff that's all you know right here so. it was all of. the good data for each. of those. were. a lot of problems lot of these kids feel like they're forced to do that to survive they're not doing it to be driving a mercedes in bentleys and things like that they're doing it because if i don't do this i won't eat tonight people in these neighborhoods are not asking for anything but opportunity the same playing field that the rest of america gets i don't.
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this is mine. which i need to come and see how you don so this is this is james to lose the town and. you know i always see how you know you know the little thing that we're doing and how you know they've everybody feel so sad for passing because they've been you especially to the streets and then now here i am i one of them. i'm so sorry for your loss thank you so much thank you thank you after you see you . there were 343 homicides in baltimore in 2017 more than 90 percent of these people were black. chan wallace is a baltimore photographer who uses her craft to combat racial stereotyping so i use photography as a form of activism my black lives matter and this what we are this is what we are outside of the gaze of whiteness. this guy right here i see black men
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all the time but i see how the world continues to perpetuate that these moments moments like this don't happen sometimes i photograph a black man and i have the photograph printed ready give it to them they black now . i went back to go give them a copy but you don't. weave and doors so much pain and have these moments where we didn't have anybody and it's how you know but a lot of people tell me about those moments when i take their photograph and talk about our trauma and talk about the injustice. what can i do what can white people do to kind of shift the way that they think and i think that for white people it starts with just simply care about black people and envision in more equal society allies i don't think that an ally job is to go in and dig and tell people what to do and give directions listen and take notes.
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she has arranged a photo shoot in the area of baltimore where she grew up. she photographs her brother does many cousin quoting in front of. 2 generations punish them we still live on the street. does many quoting have served time in prison one in 3 black men in the us it's a felony conviction. just over 7. dollars going to. what i was forced to come out. try to. provide away from our. brothers but we we forced into this we don't have. the right to tell you what you really mean is. the forces of history. nobody ever there for. is there a pay phone with i'm not even the press. is dark
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a bring my son. is community my family my whole family stuck in this community when you look back across the generations the advantages that white people have put in position for themselves and all black people in the end the disadvantaged as i might be was mommy just because you're white you should never bet up turned to me i don't think so but that's just like him and then think about his fall from his father it always was this event right so for a black person pieces us was very. true i give something back about a child not to think about it we just want to force more some are the put the spotlight on us and give us a little bit of help and then but i was determined what we will do with the help we don't weigh it out that soon some over so scar we even ski to speak out because a surprise that we portrayed him is as if we cool with it but we're not we so scarred that we don't even want to speak out because we're afraid of the next person to look at. you guys are going to take this
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with me you know trying trying to spread the message. i mean i came here to listen and to learn you know and it seems like such a small thing. just to hear these stories. is so it's not small because quality he got emotional and even my brother got emotional because now i have people listening to him you know people really fight it down mad and we don't really talk about it because it happens so much is not news it's not new. i know he didn't want to say that stuff over a long time we've got kids the guy family you know and they all live in poverty it is the as though living in poverty is this is not the dream for us. i later discovered that the continuing existence of rich white neighborhoods and
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poor black neighborhoods in baltimore is not accidental but a legacy of decades of deliberate racial discrimination. in the mid 1930 s. the us government was encouraging people to buy their own homes by offering federal loans however most black people were systematically refused mortgages. in addition government and financial institutions to up maps disqualifying some areas for subsidies readline zones usually defined as neighborhoods where black people in. this deliberate denial of equal opportunities for black people to buy real estate is a major reason for the wealth gap between blacks and whites that exist today. my efforts to educate myself in america's hidden history lead me to 2 academics who have spent years researching the racial wealth gap in america and the reasons for it hello i'm james. person what does that inequality look
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like in the aftermath of the civil war blacks may have less than one person of the american wealth. what's particularly striking and disturbing about that figure is that if we look at the comparable measure to the it's about 2 percent so we have a wealth position for black americans today that in a relative is not very different from what it was at the end of slavery is there an unpaid debt that is to to black people in america yes the estimates can run as high as 17 trillion dollars there was an opportunity to reverse the consequences of slavery instead formerly enslaved folks never received the 40 acres and a mule that they were promised if that type of land reform it actually taken place it would have completely altered the trajectory of wealth inequality by race in the
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united states we got the destruction of black communities that had developed some measure of prosperity through white massacres that took place from the period of about 880 through about 1940. the midwestern community of greenwood in tulsa oklahoma was the most affluent black community in america with over 300 black owned businesses known as black wall street. in main 1921 the whole 35 block neighborhood was obliterated by a white mob triggered by a false rumor that a black man had raped a white girl homes businesses schools and churches were burned and by and over 100 people died. while a massacre after another and is sort of rolled across the country all of these riots where thousands of black people were killed if you study history you see that this is been
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a continuous. a continuous assault on black people yeah we we think there is a giant. and we think it needs to be met because i think it is just response to america's history my family's. you know status and wealth as as has been has benefited from from their choice to enslave people the total number is staggering of whites who owned at least one black body you know it would have at least half at least half the states well probably a good white population i actually met recently the descent descendants of one of the people my family enslaved and found out that i had actually known this this woman a stellar who's 90 years old now and most of my life is her full name. her name is. sorry i'm blanking on her last name stella.
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but it's telling you know that she's many years your senior and yet you refer to her by her 1st name right. there it is right there i mean i don't mean any disrespect. check. well apparently no one else in your family has referred to her by any other in the affair that were correct about yeah yeah yeah no you're absolutely right i think it probably made both of us uncomfortable you know for you for you to call me out there. maybe negative and maybe not to protest. i had no idea that the wealth gap between whites and blacks is still so huge today . sandy and kirsten have convinced me that the case for reparations is overwhelming
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. i wonder if more white americans would agree with me if they knew how much of their wealth advantage is stalling and honor and. i mean houston texas to meet a group of people whose views i'd like to understand black separatists have to have that. thing but i think. the new black panther party has been described as a fairly racist organization whose leaders have encouraged violence against whites and police. yakin and binya one of its former leaders is now chairman of a new organization the people's new black panther party that claims to disavow hatred. is that right here. you you should not just know one thing by going i grew up in virginia so yeah yeah i've shot count of the right yeah ok i don't own any myself right really and you know any gun for 10 years
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. with the panthers are planning a patrol in the southwest of the city where there have been some recent shootings you read a road map. we don't like the police come to town i would neighborhoods patrol and i would neighborhoods and so we should give an example of how we can be self-determined in. the polies out here killing our you know people and all and we were patrolling our own neighborhoods we wouldn't have these situations occur so. we have a message of separation we don't want to continue to live with white america hating boyd hasn't worked out we've tried everything we've worked we've served we. you know for equal rights and we continue to be in the same situation all right so this is the group fritz and i know you both but. you know do anything is going on without people who will want to call the police on one another and stuff like that
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when we deal with young boys these days in the households will single mothers and things like that you have a number yeah yeah yeah i'm a numbers now so that's what we do and i have a couple. that know to me joe i do think it's a level of 0 but it seems like when you come out here people are pretty interested in what you tell you we come out in the community and people see us it excites them and of course they go to police now yeah yeah we got a call on here so we are just there would always help but they never thought oh we told within our legal rights we're not going to have peace and all right you have a good day all right all right. we're going to do a quick safety check. take this is open carry state laws don't have any felonies on your record or anything like that it's ok for you to open carry is legal. the huey p. newton gun club is the defense arm of the party there's a lot of different ways to to fight racial injustice why do you think you know armed patrols this is is the way to go we had bustling black towns and we were very
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strong economically but what happened was we lacked a weapon and we're going to have to defend ourselves and this that's the bottom line self-defense what role do you think white people have been. in working towards more equality a lot of people who are afraid to say this a word reparations is a bad word is going to be associated with things like welfare and government handouts and stuff like that is not a government handout i think reparations as well overdue all right let's go ahead and move out. a few weeks ago materials call for compensation man surprised me but i'm starting to notice a pattern amongst a diverse range of activists soft tree. but no let up but. not as a white person i'm way out of my comfort zone but. i don't agree with their
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separatist message in armed patrols but i don't feel any hatred from black to thrown but too strong so just to be clear those those views hate against whites and tyson anti-semitism you don't identify with that no no no we're different organization we want a different leadership we're not a hate group we don't hate anybody our way actions show we don't hate anybody so how do you feel about that how do you want to live separate do you think we're like totally out of our mind that you think we can all get along. i have got hope that we can get along you know especially if white people are going to come around to the idea of reparations and and you know trying to make a more fair and equal society because if this doesn't change at some point it's not going to be pretty it's going good. back to a point where we begin to some point to race wars when we end up breaking up and just the point i was going to get to now is give me hope because nothing is change and hopefully you see that i'm coming from a good place and i just want what's best for my children and my grandchildren
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that's common after me well look i'm and i think there's a couple things that we don't agree on but i think i'm starting understand where you're coming from or how we both learned some things always try to take things away from a conversation. like the protests. not far from houston is where the last american slaves were finally freed in 865. it's depressing to realize that after 150 years some black people feel so let down that they think separation is their only option. making a difference seems almost impossible. but i'm determined to do something. hey they need to. want it because here and there was a little thank you thank you for coming to need invites me to the national gathering of coming to the table where this year's theme is reparations.
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over the next 2 days i attend several discussions on what white people can do to help. these range from scholarship funds for african-americans. to tips on how to talk to other white people about racial inequality. the conference gives me a lot of good ideas to take away. there's someone from the coming to the table gathering that i want to meet again a.j. i need to apologize for something thoughtless i said earlier i meet up with stephen at a historic house in harrisonburg virginia stevens trying to raise the funds to save it of the parents that constructed his home where hands that were formerly held in bondage we were talking and you said you know that's what it's like being a black man in virginia and i said i could imagine. i
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mediately felt pretty foolish for saying that but i don't think you could even imagine what it's like to be a black man in the state of virginia i have to be mindful of every single thing that i say every single place that i go every single thing that i do my body language my you know mannerisms my tone arm and you know it's it's not lost upon me that i have never experienced would have truly means to be free black people in the united states of america or anywhere near free. when you consider. that with one force more. that with one. byelection of the fragility of the feelings of white people. very lives could be taken away from us and ended in an instant what else can you know a white person like me do i want you to see. that
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despite the best efforts of your ancestors. despite. on the most cunning and conniving and destructive. of plots and plans that were devised by your ancestors my ancestors over care what i'm saying as i'm hoping that you can recognize then that we are equal. because there was a time not that long ago but where your people didn't see mind that way i think it's up to people such as yourself and myself us together to try to do whatever is necessary to make sure we don't perpetuate these lies would you agree absolutely cannot agree more oh man. could you follow us please. on the last night of the national
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gathering don't need to ask me to join her at the james river in richmond to walk the same trail as her enslaved ancestors. i should feel like before of course society are staging a reenactment specially for coming to the table dolly by. africans capturing traded dragged from their motherland and the altar after now i'm 10 weeks at sea so i felt this concealed cargo disembarked only at night to the crack of the whip in the shadows and saying. ha. ha. oh my
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movie but. you. know mouth. you know that. left out. now. for over an hour i walked the same dirt path that hundreds of thousands of the slaves africans were forced to follow. as i think about the magnitude of their suffering and sacrifice i feel a deep in sense of shame and sorrow that their descendants have never received a formal apology or a penny of compensation from the u.s. government. so that was really intense. it was absolutely humbling. and i just kept thinking about everything that had been taken away from the people that arrived on
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the shores. and how there's no way that that could ever be given back to them. i decided to join the fight for reparations. not just because of my ancestors. but because morally it's the right thing to do. all of us must take responsibility for repaying the vast debt owed to black people so that future generations can finally have an equal share of the opportunities and wealth of this nation it works. for. heller iran reported 3 or 4 days about 50 degrees now the breeze is picked up since and that at the height of the heat was on the gulf coast just here but about kuwait you see the breezes take the temperature way
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down from 49 to 46 in the forecast though has come down from 48 to 43 so there's a halt and occasionally dusty breezes coming out of rather hot and dry iraq it has tended to drop temperatures a bit i know it's all relative it still looks hot there's more cloud further west there were a few big dramatic thunderstorms in the southwest of saudi recently i think they're going to fade away so most we're talking about hot dry sunshine and still a breeze blowing or want to showers in turkey but almost not worth a mention now the source of the active weather recently the southwest monsoon is just about visible here where the wind turns around on the coast of kenya goes up past somalia so wet weather seems likely in coastal kenya a few showers kneedeep in holland but india congo and further west in this part of africa there might be some rain in somalia and it money even reach mogadishu and that does sometimes cause flooding the focus mogadishu itself has $3.00 days of
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breezy weather and all 3 days are wet. water scarcity has become a major global issue the demand is going straight up and the supply is going straight down turning an essential natural resource into a commodity traded for profit just because lawyers. it's become obese approached what about the guy that can't afford it that guy still needs water in a new 2 part series al-jazeera examines the social financial and environmental impact of water privatized nation loads of water on al-jazeera the british iraqi journalist who's visualizing complex statistics and a simple. i think your office a summary sites of opportunities to break apart from most systems of power and to collect data in a way that best so represents a different community challenging mainstream misconceptions i hope the pike creates
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and handle ministrations it doesn't alienate people it doesn't like people who are like i'm not smart enough to understand this truth is that any way on. earth. levy is internationally recognised government has new advances against retreating war holy fuck off thought as his egyptian allies push for a ceasefire. i am. alone convert al this is all just there a lie from also coming up i am not enough and got a long way to go but this is a start and washington across the us and and cities around the world protesters denounce racism and police fire.

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