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tv   The Listening Post  Al Jazeera  November 21, 2020 11:30am-12:01pm +03

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glorie tested out the education, city wealth cup stadium in the 1st group match and were impressed that stadium probably the best biden, i think we were the 1st ones to use. so, you know, you could have got a better pitch, the chinese, you know, as i said, the pitch, the bench is old, top, top 5 would be 8 stadiums already finished and some have already held matches. but the hard work continues to open, like here in the salle stadium, which will host the final on december the 18th 2022, where the new world champions will be crowned with 2 years to go and 19 vaccines on the way. organizers remain confident that the 1st middle east world cup will be safe and successful. joining al-jazeera
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this is on his ear. these are the top stories. donald trump's campaign has suffered . another blow, michigan has backed president elect joe biden's when their trump is reported to have been meeting the state's republican leaders to persuade them to appoint electors who support him. meanwhile, joe biden has held a socially distanced meeting with vice president elect's kemah and senior democrats . nancy pelosi and chuck schumer is yet to speak about the tom seems the latest political maneuvering. rocket attacks in the afghan capital kabul have killed at least 5 people and injured 25 others. the taliban has denied responsibility for the attacks. the u.n. secretary general has warned that yemen is on the verge of a catastrophic famine and telling. the terrorists says millions of lives could be lost if nothing is done. yemenis are already suffering from 6 years of war. and you see at that emetic, they're going to nation of humanitarian situation. and the risk is it was expressed this morning in my statement of
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a famine that probably would have had no parallel in recent history except the famous of famine in ethiopia. many decades ago, protests have been held in brazil against the killing of a black man outside. a supermarket, video shows 2 security guards repeatedly hitting a man in the face before his death. canada's largest cities going back into lockdown on monday, after revising coronavirus cases, gyms and solomons are closing in. toronto and restaurants will be limited to offering takeaways. health officials fear daily infections could reach 12 times the current level of social contacts increase during the holiday season. those are the headlines. the news continues here on al-jazeera after the listening post the by the american people have finally spoken about it as i see it. one america is off balance or will be told more dangerous. the world is looking in the next year of
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sanusi with the election behind us, the republican party, dumptruck your weekly take on us politics and society. that's the bottom line. as chairman, thank you for your time and standing in the political shift at night as the public, you know, you're living the b.b.c. . these are the most vital important, accessible cultural institutions in the last bar, not possibly in the world. the b.b.c. was born almost a century ago in 1922. just count the 1st, the world's 1st public broadcaster 1st national radio service, 1st state backed television provider. the b.b.c. wrote the book supplied the model for the networks that have sprung up across
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continents, including the one you're watching now, is probably the highest quality, independent news and documentary coverage of any broadcast people rise edition of well nothing to you, but i don't know. i mean, you sometimes the networks mission to inform, educate and entertain a service for the people funded by the people. that funding is the b.b.c. strength and it's achilles heel. the u.k. government controls the purse strings, which puts the b.b.c.'s domestic calm on a collision course with the politicians. it covers like the current prime minister, barak's johnson, who is out to get it. he was never underestimate the malice of a prime minister who wants to destroy or beast reduce the power of the b.b.c.
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concept of a picture as if the government has it in for the b.b.c. . my advice is always work. try if you see the enemy is the movers. as its 1st director, general john reefed put it, the b.b.c. would serve the whole of britain, the wealthy and the pole, the genius and the food. and it would report the news without fear or favor. mission statements, much easier to write them for film. and it didn't take long for a conflict to sufis between the b.b.c.'s dependence on the government and its journalistic need to be independent from it. the b.b.c.'s news and current affairs output here in the u.k.
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is at the heart of that conflict. one that has a various points in the network's history threatened its very existence. there is a permanent tension between the government of the day, whatever political color and the b.b.c. . i've put it this way. the b.b.c. is independent of government pressure until such time as it is not reports from every part of the country to reveal the general strike which began at midnight has caused enormous industrial $926.00. millions of workers take to the streets in a general strike called in support of britain's coal miners. put workers stop the presses in solidarity. that left the b.b.c. less than 4 years old as the country's only national news source, one,
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the conservative prime minister stanley baldwin wanted on his side. as the b.b.c.'s founder, john reith knew that independence and impartiality were crucial to its reputation. he also viewed the government's patronage as key to the b.b.c.'s future. so general strike was a really crucial moment in the b.b.c.'s history. the person who become the b.b.c.'s 1st right to general is relying on the goodwill of government for the institutional future of the b.b.c. . so that's the immediate context. now the government strings along this kind of threat, the b.b.c. being brought in the direct government control into the strike itself. and the reason they do that is pretty obvious because they know that it will impact editorially on what the b.b.c. does. john reith compromised the, government would not commandeer the b.b.c., but it was effectively given a veto over what could be broadcast. dissenting voices from the trade
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unions to the opposition labor party band. in order to resume negotiations, the general counsel of the trades union congress decided the general strike today. by the time the unions called off the strike the strike as had a new name for the b.b.c. . the british full said corporation. and that was before with invited prime minister baldwin to broadcast to the nation from return study. even helped write the speech i of peace. but i will not tolerate the safety and security of the british constitution. hey, we can say that silly. all of the principals of tea and independents, it was actually a man who allowed the prime minister of the day or when to broadcast from his own
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house and was very proud of his involvement in editing the words and making it sound better. ask that gray area that the b.b.c. ends up occupying joining the general strike and the possum's reporting which are very overtly pro-government. that tells us something about the organization of the b.b.c. from the beginning. john reith's diary entry about the b.b.c.'s role during the strike is pretty telling. the strike he wrote would certainly have lasted much longer, had it not been for us. and just months later, the network got the government official seal of approval through a royal charter that formalized its existence. but it came with strings attached ministers were given the power to choose,
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the b.b.c.'s chairman and members of its board. the government word control the b.b.c. is funding through a license fee collected from listeners on the network will be up for abuse by the government every 10 years but it will soon take one room with their own room, not on the wrong people may be right on the roof when britain entered world war 2, it's media had to toe the government grind. as the primary distributor and, amplifier of winston churchill's wartime speeches, the b.b.c., now a global player, grew central to the government's propaganda drive. at the dawn of the television age, the b.b.c. was well positioned to grow with the technology. and the times that was most
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clearly reflected in the 1960 s. in the seventy's. when a culture of deference was making way for a determination to challenge authority. it was a mojo liberation. questioning the old image of postwar assumption. it was a lot of foreign news more more, more than they do not. they were the wars in africa. was going to be artillery support for the americans. and for the cause of this, they're not immediately likely to lose out here, but i feel that the climate changed. i think perhaps mostly under the prime ministership of margaret thatcher. good evening. well, it looks like being one of the most exciting election nights are with the possibility of a very close result and the prospect having its 1st woman prime minister at the end of the night. margaret thatcher's election victory in 1979 triggered
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a transformation of britain's economy and institutions, including the b.b.c. by then a vastly expanded confident and at times combative news operation. had the network in her sights and member doing an interview with her. and when we sat down, because it was live and we had to make sure it went out, we doubled up on the numbers are twice as many cameras twice as many people. mrs. margaret thatcher is here on panorama tonight, some time before. so she went on, going 1234 should turn to everybody in the room and the 13 people. and she said to mr. dimbleby, you know, ahead of the american television here this morning and there were only 2 of them. she believed that the b.b.c. was soft in the head. the b.b.c. was too liberal. the b.b.c. was not understanding what she wanted to do. and from the very beginning she was
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trying to find ways of emasculating. the b.b.c. . there were 2 strands going on a government that was determined to believe the b.b.c. to make the b.b.c. do what it wanted for in terms of the message. and it was also very busy chasing program. that was its way of fighting back. the politicians and programme makers soon came into conflict, critical documentaries, on topics ranging from britain's intelligence agencies to the falklands war were attacked censored, sometimes shout, but no issue was as contentious as the troubles in northern ireland. where british troops were 10 years into fighting an insurgency by the irish republican army. the ira waged, a brutal bombing campaign, while british forces committed atrocities of their own. and the pressure on b.b.c.
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journalists covering that story from politicians from locals from their own bostons was unrelenting. 6 in 1985, the fracture government got wind of a b.b.c. documentary that followed 2 extremist politicians, one of whom was a suspected ira. nida will be the cutting edge of a which will bring freedom to the government. wanted to ban the film, the b.b.c.'s board of governors, many of whom a been appointed by fracture agreed but the decision was the director general. allister milne, a t.v. producer by trade, was having none of it. and today to reassert its already existing, controversial documentary on northern ireland would run the film was broadcast,
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but only on the addition of footage like this. 20 seconds dedicated to the victims of the ira. but members on borrowed time, soon appointed a new b.b.c. chairman. his mission as he later wrote, oust milne quickly and brutally that was direct pressure. i just feel now that it is because of this pressure because you see the old saying about the search area. this is the b.b.c. . so why i wasn't touched because he removed the director general, but we will still win. terms of the mind is striving really well to john burke came along for thatcher. john birt, soon to become director general, was everything. alistair milne was not namely
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a fellow believer in free market ideals. but point was very important because he represented someone who share the view that more market forces ought to be brought into the b.b.c., . full disclosure for much of the 1990 s., the government official in charge of the department handling broadcasting policy was my father. hayden phillips, he and john had their work cut out. we worked closely together in the run up to the b.b.c. charter renewal and hears it were managed to enable the government to agree to a charter settlement, which was after years of tension was a sort of peace treaty. it was very important person in terms of the acceptability
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of the b.b.c. within government. oh, we couldn't stand him in new risks and couldn't stand him because he was shaking things up and he was a pain in the bum in lots of different ways. but that's great. and cheap and who's to recognize is when the beautiful world was going, had it not been for bert in the b.b.c. would not be worried whose today? george bush is by all accounts, willing to stop side to help his ally and friend, their weapons of mass destruction is going to fall apart. on the the 1st director general of the 21st century, greg dyke was a controversial appointment. greg dyke was all smiles this morning when he heard a dog brought caustic top job as a form, a donor to the party in power, new labor during his prime minister,
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tony blair as favored candidate. but he was no pushover. by 2003, that rosy relationship had morphed into another confrontation between the b.b.c. and the government of war. tony blair, as the prime minister wrote to me just before the war, started to say his thought that our reporting of the run up to iraq had been unfair. so i heard a pretty aggressive letter back saying, i'm sorry, but you've got thousands and thousands of people on the streets, protesting against you. half your party going to vote against you, your whole future is in doubt. and no, sir, you can't be the judge of pashtuns, you've got to leave it to us. baghdad tonight, under heavy bombardment on the day of the invasion of iraq was britain's largest military operation since world war 21 that lacked international legal authority.
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what the majority of the british press supported the war, the b.b.c.'s mandate was to be impartial. not that that was always obvious. when coalition troops captured baghdad in april 2003, some b.b.c. news reports sounded similar to the spin coming out of the blair government. and even tiley, ungracious, even for his critics not to acknowledge that tonight, he stands as a larger man and a stronger prime minister. as a result, we've become a government, most peace, the worst specific voices who were not allowed. tariq ali was one of them. i remember saying to my, to my ear that said when you go to low war protestors onto this program, and he said, well, we have to let the parliamentary opposition do his job. 1st. saw it was 2000000 people on the streets of london.
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none of them ever being reflected properly in the program. i rather doubt that news and newsnight and those people deliberately withheld opponents of the war. do you think they did enough to scrutinise the case for war? all i know is that from the moment from 911, i'm words on the program. i was doing question time. we had a wide range of views both for and against. i'm just going to go and have a look. i've got a folder with all the questions and stuff said just cause a 2nd and i'll get it. michael moore was michael moore in favor of the war rather doubt it. here we are said temple 262002 terra galley. you see. so he certainly wasn't some b.b.c. journalists directly challenge the official line, which led to trouble. defense reporter andrew gilligan was investigating the blair government dubious claims of iraqi weapons of mass destruction. claims the from the
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case against saddam hussein's regime that he has existing and active military plans for the use of chemical or biological weapons which could be activated. within 45 minutes, gilligan had been briefed by government weapons inspector and concluded that downing street had quote, sexed up its case for war. he took his story on to b.b.c. radio 4 because correspondent is andrew gilligan. yes, i did. the 1st interview with gilligan downing street a week before publication ordered it to be sexed up to be made more exciting. you can get everything right, but he got the heart of it. right. that's to say that effectively we've been lied to. and the world when we can clear this group pretty, much would be going to be in the number 10 was phony, the b.b.c., demanding the right look by demanding that we retract everything that we got it
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said because we do greg dyke, the director general defended the b.b.c. and his report, but when going to good source was found dead a case of suspected suicide. gilligan was left exposed and the government went on the offensive. but i ordered what came to be known as the hutton inquiry. its official briefed to establish the cause of death of but when the inquiry published its findings, it exonerates the government over its w. m. d claims and focused on the shortcomings in gilligan's report. the verdict was it, the b.b.c. was guilty. hayden phillips was the civil servant in charge of setting up the inquiry. the hutton report is often described as a whitewash. what was your reaction when you 1st saw the reporters? i mean, a lot of my colleagues in government would you believe that the result of the
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b.b.c. had a lot to answer for in the way they handled something which is quite difficult for them, but they still don't themselves into a trench. and wouldn't i'm not saying that b.b.c. were innocent and the government was guilty, but i was genuinely surprised by the decisive this in which he pinned blame on the b.b.c. and nobody else. the chairman of the b.b.c. resign, i thought wrongly and told him only and the following day, the governors of the b.b.c. got rid of me. so you would say that you were pushed. i was pushed was no doubt the governors of the baby. she lost their battle. 'd like honesty, milne almost 2 decades earlier paid the price for defending the b.b.c.'s independence. the new government approved management struck
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a more compliant tone. we must now study the hutton report carefully learn appropriate lessons and implement relevant measures. there were in the wake of the departure of the chair and the director general attempts to once again introduce a risk averse editorial controls over controversial issues at the b.b.c. . so we see the same pattern in place, risk averse culture, disseminating for the organization. as a result of an over conflict with the government. this for me was an important turning point. when i talk to older, more senior people, they date that that money isn't seizure of power away from journalism much earlier . sometimes in the 1990 s. on the john birch, but by the time you had this defeat by the government over the report, it was that level of management control on steroids. impartiality became really the
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excuse for an ideologically driven safety and refusal to challenge those in power. i personally didn't change anything quite literally anything about the well, the none of the editors, i think, well maybe i should qualify that a little. some of the editors with whom i worked were maybe a bit more cautious will be overwise, might be, i think that was in the people of the issues they were normal since the turn of the century, the b.b.c. has tried to move with the times through diversity drives streaming services, as well as physically branching out of london with its own 100th birthday, just 2 years away. its future is by no means assured like many other state, but broadcasters around the world. over the past decade, the b.b.c.
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has been under constant pressure from right wing governments. and just like those other networks, it's enjoyed wave after wave of cuts to its journalists' programmes and channels to top it off. the b.b.c. is now confronted with a conservative prime minister, who came into office with his own broadcast agenda. good evening and welcome to the b.b.c. news at 6 from downing street where boris johnson has promised to repay the trust of voters. last december 1 day after his election victory boris johnson led a government boycott against flagship b.b.c. programmes. within weeks, his aides were briefing journalists of their plan to quote whack the b.b.c. by abolishing t.v. license is its main source of income. as it turned out, it was the government that was about to get whacked. the u.k. government's emergency cobra committee that this afternoon to discuss coronavirus,
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the b.b.c. reminded the country of what it had to offer. what citizens were paying for the prying vital services to a population under lock down from home. how do you know, what are you supporting right back to home schooling correctly? this is parts it's audience crippled and keener than ever to reach british eyes and ears. johnson was back on the b.b.c. working together, tackling the, the disease, using the social distancing measures following a boy, collect whether the pandemic has forced johnson to change course, or whether it's just delayed. the inevitable is far too early to say. at the heart of this uncertainty is the b.b.c.'s journalism. if an increasingly cautious b.b.c. can still speak truth to power and hold its government paymasters to account on enviable challenges for the b.b.c.'s, new director job, tim davie is a b.b.c.
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insider. but one with commercializing instincts and a background in conservative politics compared with the lofty ambitions of his predecessors. davies mission is a modest one. keep the b.b.c.'s enemy is at bay. it's been a really troubleshoot or has to be has to be kept simple organization over the trusted year. almost a 100 years after the b.b.c.'s birth. john reith's dream of a broadcaster that would inform and educate and entertain the nation has been realised several times over. but wreaths ideal of a truly independent b.b.c. has been far harder to deliver. the tension it created with its government sponsors has at times of crisis. looks more like a contradiction. one that as the b.b.c. heads towards its 2nd century, looks no closer to being,
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a result. we're going to lose a lot, not just to be lose the b.b.c., but if we lose, what is still capable of doing for those of us who kind of how this love hate relationship with it? i mean, i love the far right exists. i hate some of the things it does. we must all be concerned about that. but we've already lost a lot because we've lost a lot of independence and a lot of desire to pursue truth above. above the goal of impartiality. i think the battle to the independent is constant ongoing and depends on the,, characters of the chairman of the b.b.c. the director general of the b.b.c., the heads of news. and if ever they get sucked into a lovely relationship with government. and there are moments when that may happen. we're finished
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schoolgirls clinging to safety after more than 20 rockets rained down and kabul killing at least 8 people. i'm about this and this is all to syria live from doha. also coming up, donald trump faces another setback in his bid to overturn the u.s. election results. legislators from michigan say joe biden's when the state will stand, fighting for racial equality angle in brazil after security guy.

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