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tv   Inside Story  Al Jazeera  November 22, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm +03

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which is welcoming some special additions to the family 7 new penguin chicks which of hatched in recent weeks. the youngest just a couple of weeks ago. these are called gentoo penguins. they're being monitored in way daily by a team of care is the youngest. just 300 grams. the eldest already 2 kilograms. there you go. cute penguins for you. all need that occasion of the headlines this hour on al-jazeera, ethiopia, 1st of all. where the military says it plans to encircle the capital city of the region of the tanks and seize it is controlled by a particular people's liberation front. and reuters is reporting that it the t.v. l.f. has destroyed roads and bridges to stop the government advance monotone. as more from out a suburb or private is calling these fees and
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this say that the government defense forces us to finish the wall on the mountainous surroundings of the cup with the killer. they will have to use tongs and to knock out the defense is there have been differences mounted on top of the hills and mountains surrounding the cup. with all of the region of headlines in a federal judge in pennsylvania has thrown out a lawsuit filed by the trump campaign that sort to exclude millions of mail in ballots. the judge says the lawsuit failed to provide evidence of fraud. u.s. military has deployed bombers to the middle east. the b. 52 planes took off from north dakota on friday. not specified exactly where they went. but the aircraft have been based in qatar in the past. opposition parties in pakistan are gathering for a major rally, calling on prime minister imran khan to step down the queues, the military of rigging the election. 12 years ago. millions of voters in bikini
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faso or casting their ballots in an election, taking place under the shadow of both violence and allegations of voter fraud. president marc christian couple areas seeking a 2nd 5 year term in office to office. but 2 of his challenges have accused him of trying to rig the votes. the u.s. centers for disease control is urging people not to travel for the thanksgiving holiday on thursday for fear of further spreading. the coronavirus californias imposed a statewide curfew requiring people to stay at home during the night. and the u.s. food and drug administration. the f.d.a. has issued emergency approval for regenerations antibody therapy. the one used to treat president trump. the agency said the treatment should be used for mild to moderate cases of coded 90. that's a lot for the day. thanks for your company. i'll be back tomorrow. next, it's the latest edition of inside story.
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a crackdown on uganda's opposition. dozens killed in protests after a pop star turned politician bobby wine is arrested once again. so how much of a threat is he to the president next january's election? this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program. uganda's election campaigning is suffering a violent start. at least $37.00 people have died in protests triggered by the arrest of the country's most famous opposition. figure bobby one he's been charged with breaking cold in $1000.00 rules during
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a campaign rally. wine says he was tortured in detention and accuses the government of intimidation. but the government is blaming one supporters for the unrest. malcolm web reports. dozens of people have been killed in uganda's capital kampala, since protests broke out on wednesday. they began after the pop star turned presidential candidate for the wind was arrested. he held a campaign rally in the room, the district just over 100 kilometers from the capital as usual, that attracted thousands of supporters. many more than the limit of 200 allowed on the coveted 19 restrictions. there was a very early and very active. it's one of the political groups, but it still wouldn't come, but i'm deporting intervened. so debates where i'm going to get confidential, we deported the ball, we won. supporters didn't see it like that. they think the government's trying to
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stop him sweeping to victory in presidential elections. due in january, he's challenging, president yoweri, miss 70. he's been in power for 34 years. after 2 days in jail. he was charged in cold with breaking the covert prevention rules released on bail. this is, in my opinion, meant because i value to students done the same thing and while sustaining a dictatorship cannot be broken but you cannot touch our citizens. we are not going to stop fighting for a better uganda for other opposition. presidential candidates have suspended their campaigns to protest against the actions of the security forces. the government blames the demonstrators rioting and attacking police officers. what is, how do you make sure you and the kid are you?
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if you make it at that level of violence, the elections are meant to be held just on the 2 months from now. it's not clear if the campaigns will continue or how. but it is clear they've got off to a violent stott. malcolm webb al-jazeera. all right, let's take a closer look at who bobby wine is and his rise to prominence in ugandan politics. bobby wines real name is robert golani. he's a musician, turned politician and is among 11 candidates challenging president, president yoweri with 70. he want to see it in parliament as an independent by a landslide in a 2017 by election, but has since been badly assaulted and detained many times. the following year in 2018, he was charged with treason along with $32.00, others, some claim they were tortured by soldiers, while in detention. the authorities deny that the afrobeat star is popular with young people and has been attracting large crowds. his campaign has rattled the ruling national resistance movement,
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and this is the 2nd time he's been arrested this month. all right, before we get into the discussion, let's speak 1st to kids. a besiege a in kampala is a 4 time presidential candidate and patron of the opposition party f d. c. the forum for democratic change has it as someone who has run for president in uganda, 4 times in the past. and as someone who has been arrested numerous times, are you at all surprised that bobby wine was arrested again in the past few days? yes or no, not because over the next you know, if it ever did by the same problems i said and for as you know, one of the elections nominated from the muslim letter to prison, where i remained as a mr. 70 for another one a month. i got out of jail. i go to bed one month into the country means
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even getting to that months that i was out before the election itself. i was on trial for rape. it trumped up charge that had been a priest to me, their whole country, they were going to go out in the afternoon in the mornings. i would be in the court over try and, and that's how are they lecturers have been missed. i'm 70 you see that's not all that nice. the election is so that really people express they are we are and how they will be governed or we have governed them. he organizes the next one. simple as if, aside for you to national no recognition that there has been some kind of a process of some kind of an electoral process. but he never election. they had a constant speeches 10, using the military. and you know, a lot of money that is pumped out into their population,
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corrent support their control of media. and they've media that does not you know, act according to they are, we then asked and sometimes gross you know, that same, same set of beings that have been night before i acted and what that being applied. now, are you concerned that the violence that is going on now could get worse without doubt? because their frustration within the population intensifies their lame for over repression. the must increase. and we have seen that these all this through their last fact they're funny. as you know, we missed them 7, it has been enough. these have been tested with 4 times and the violence and lot of these other democratic perhaps that he
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engages, has all been on their ice. the amount of money he has to spend escalates every election. the amount of the us to use escalates every election there, troll rove institutions, you know, the media and so on escalates. so i'm not surprised that indeed violence is escalating now this time we have an additional pressure over coverage. wheats lead to a lockdown for some months and indeed the some of the businesses have not opened. and of these has led to an interesting case trend over the displays within their country. so we are far more resistance from the population and therefore corresponding to violence from the state because it can
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you give our viewers a sense of what opposition parties and opposition politicians face in uganda. i mean, how much space do opposition? parties and politicians have in which to operate in uganda. you see frankly, the opposition parties can not function and a military regime. the regime in the uganda is the military is an outright military regime. and don't forget, no leader in our country has ever handed over peace corps. another leader or leaders that we have had in uganda since independence in 1600 to have bumble bees. and whoever has been bumped out of office, so their political discourse, their political power is not to mediated through civic institutions. and the political parties that are or have been the victim of the military rule.
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since independence, you cannot have it a political party functioning when, for example, that political party cannot freely organize meetings, fundraise you know, engage in activities that promote their party. and all of those activities very restricted here. there is a law that was passed sometime back public owed the management act, which requires that you know, that obvious political meeting over 3 or more people. you are required to express by me short of the inspector general of police of your band. and of course, when you ask or not a musician, it's not a brand. so what you call party is a reality. i have very, very close train. they are not political, but you are not allowed under 70 and you, 2000, before he came into office,
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the 1986 political parties were only allowed to function even in the smaller way they are since 102005. so we don't have a culture of practice and of a democratic practice. what goes on simpering these political parties is using the smallest space that is allowed to expand people's understanding to carry out civic education, to mobilize their population. so that frankly, they can resist using or means possible. see if we transition to a democratic dispensation is a procedure. thank you so much for your time today. we do appreciate it. and now let's bring in our panel also all. 'd in kampala and from wonder is founder and
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managing director of the independent magazine covering eastern africa. marion curable is a politician and social movement campaigner and oriya, mikko is africa, researcher for human rights watch. welcome to you all andrew. let me start with you . human rights watch says authorities in uganda are using covert 19 regulations as a pretext to violate rights and clamp down on the opposition and the media. the group also says that while security forces dispersed opposition campaign rallies, they also allowed rallies for the ruling national resistance movement to continue. what do you say to that? well, i think that, according to one team has provided to the state, we have the diplomatic excuse to crack down on opposition rallies, but that doesn't mean that the action of the state is illegitimate. anyone who knows,
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i think it's not good for an addition to conduct must readies in the context of responding nic. there were present the donald trump has been doing that it's states . so i would say that the fuck it out in government is to be and so the opposition by stopping the rallies, allowing its own supporters conduct. these rallies does not mean that the action of stopping the bus rallies is a bad action. i think les abend a good decision, i wish opposition. politicians in uganda can respect the standard operating procedures and get delayed said by the electoral commission. you see the opposition in uganda. and it was something to recall correctly that the government of mr. hayward, i'm 70 is characterized by gross corruption, incompetence and a lack of the public spirit to take care of the public to do anything to retain power. so the opposition and the reform argue that this country needs change and it
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is change in the form of a set of values and principles that will underlie a lot of our next governance and that them. so if you are in opposition, presidential candidate, it will be when you have tens of thousands of people with who are not socially stacy who are not wearing masks coming to rallies. you're standing on top of your car singing and dancing for them. literally leading them to be a grips. does that show that you are responsible that does that? does that show that you have different from president europe 7 we accuse of selfishness in the pursuit of power. you're also willing to risk the lives of hundreds of thousands over support us. and so many other citizens on truck a very dangerous virus and die. do you think that's a fact? so i think that the human race are going to show sometimes tend to take what a mice is, jewish and in a country and sit between evil and good. the government is a devil opposition?
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evil. in fact, i think we need to hold both sides of the political dislike out that both the state and the opposition. a selfish inconsiderate to the interests of this country. and i think i wish business you, melissa, are going to dishes on him of such a multi-faceted a perspective on the problems of our country for him. is it realistic to expect that the opposition actually has an opportunity to increase its support or to gain power through these elections? well i think that's happened at this point in time is the fact that crackdowns that are happening against the opposition, us all intense and have been all violence. i think if the opposition is going to be in a position to campaign, they should be allowed to keep all things have platform and event simply hasn't been the case in the past 2 weeks along with arrests and valleys that have been
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dispersed in such a violent ways and i think that if, if we're going to have a free and fair election, the actions that this government has been taking really should, should, shouldn't, shouldn't be, shouldn't be happening, mary. and just how popular a figure is, bobbie, why, and how much has bobby winds large following rattled the ruling in our, in party on his right. and in uganda, on as much as people say that's for you to shine in the pond. and you know the machinery in perfect time to be in my knowledge about every book, every politician who has come, i suppose government has hired as a higher calling than the most i knew in. but to me, i think it's what the wind has brought in on on board be something
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new. i mean, we met for us. i don't think i live in the time, but i have been following politics. i've been in a bar in when i became, oh, quite the oh, well, i had never seen michelin my protein before. most, most of the most. oh, the protest would just end income for a lot. i'm gwine to end income for that's the end of it. but we sold by today in the whole country, once prices and you know, i'm, the security forces had difficulty times weighing down the strikes. simple, stupid, most to be afraid anymore. so we had never thought same protests to this modern retreat idea. you know, people kept talking, but the naysayers kept on saying that's all you're going to focus a lot. * in income a lot in the couple but we have seen whereby, you know,
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going to come paying people following him. then he would be huge crowds. and you know, in particular breaking team and thinking also because both the fact that many ugandans identify with him, he doesn't have the, the background. but most politicians in the us going to some of them have, you know, been part of the, the mind and you know what, i'm going to have also been generals on military. it's obama outside that last one . who i believe he comes from a very simple yet my view, bob grant, i wouldn't thank you the only politician a long time he thought of removing the politics of ireland. then i would call him in it from the administration. and i'm basically done as we need to him because of his background that he grew up into. he knows yes,
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troubles and most of the experiences that he has gone through. he has them in song . so in someone listens to his song really on who has been on that white andrew, let me ask you, do you expect elections are actually going to take place as scheduled in january, or is there a chance at this point that they could get delayed? i think the elections. 'd will take place on january 14th. i don't see anything that would stop those elections, but they need to correct the fact. in fact, i miss when i listened to miriam, i think she's a very young person and she says she joined politics in 26 did in 2006 presidential candidate. she's a recent who has appeared on this program a few minutes ago was arrested and the country away to protest across across the whole of uganda under sprockets must admit a more days like today. and they were even larger. in fact,
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the midst of the time we were reporting that looked like baghdad at that same the americans have died in iraq. again in 28, you live in, there were protests scored a look where they left the cross to munch on their scripts, across the whole country. from the most to the west to the east. i'm central so the country this is not to do you still for the use of the state to the disadvantage of the opposition has been a mystic feature of them. some of the government throughout all of the elections, we have dissed of citizens during the elections is not new in 2001, we lost 100, actually 7 people during that election campaign. and there was a parliamentary investigation after the election, which said that most of these, well, it was accosted by the state. so this is not a new what they would say is that the 2 bit, the visibility of the protests and the scale of the protests is, is
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a disadvantage because of the availability of modern communication technologies, especially social media, or imagine in front of 15, i'm sorry, and you look at me, i think about it like that. you didn't go ahead though. he was saying that in front of 15, we had 5000004700000, people with internet accounts. now by end of december 21000, uganda had 15000000 internet accounts. so there is widespread use of so much once widespread access in that it is making it much more than been yes, the disability formation of what is already in. let me ask you, you heard andrew there talk about the prevalence of violence in other elections past with all this happening so early in this campaign season. what does this mean from your vantage point going forward for the election? i mean, it's a sign of bad things from as a rightly point out. it's just the beginning,
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this is 2 weeks into the campaign season. and the message is clear that authorities are going to come down on opposition, rallies that are going to come down for tests. they're also going to mystic the space in which gentleness can work. we've seen that in general. this has been arrested for covering some of the rallies and the protests as well as all the signs are very for stark, but it's not surprising. and we have just a little over a little under 2 months to go all. so our expectation is that things are potentially going to get worse unless there is a very big change in the way that the government approaches these elections, mary, and we only have a couple of minutes left. let me just ask you how in gauged are youth in uganda politics and do they feel that they can make a real difference in the direction of the country?
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i think that you are very good. i just mundelein you. that's not just that very bright. maybe the most important person, you know, i mean, just look at the, the number of young people that we know and you come across not only in mendocino, you need to stop in and i remember every, seem to me a cockney think you have to put child name, the older generation you've been in, and the things andrew does the public in uganda. trust the overall electoral process? well, if you look at opinion polls, it is just a 50 about 65 percent of ugandans have facing the electoral process and about 45 percent depending on the poor. but it is just a shift. and because remember that uganda is a country in a transition. democracy is not an event, it's
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a general understood then it is not achievable at a gallop or one sprint. it is a matter of the construct of the creep under the process of democratization is given, not linear. it does not follow continuously improving scuffs. but it goes through news exactly democracy, the context of their rights. and they personally, i don't think that see what we see in uganda given its level of development at the time it has been strength experiment with democracy, that the country is doing that badly. we have some of the minute we can assist and they are being fixed. in fact, they were surprised when we did interview with those that wish to because when dr. bashir. ringback was in the government with president george w. . we did not have an elected parliament present term 7 was not elected himself. it is because public present was elected in a process where, where there is a lot, it is. even donald trump, you think there were irregularities in the last election in america? a lot have a question of who should choose which power under those, by the gun. and therefore uganda. we need to look at it as
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a country that in the process of democratisation, it is just minutes all and yes, i think it is dealing with them better than many other countries have done, including the most mature the microstates when they were like us. they did this much and then years and under them much more quickly than we have. so i think you have should be proud of where they are cheating. the only problem is that i thought i would grow an opposition in uganda to sustain the momentum of democracy by insisting to get support doesn't avoid rioting. quen civilians as a grow in wait the security forces to crack down because that us was built on the state's order. and when you sense that you get the process going to be in order in the highly populated markets and achieving areas. it is difficult even though to writable, avoid fatalities, and i think it's incumbent upward, the opposition to the most. it that they stand and accord. speedy, a right to use. i'm superior, presuppose to the government that they're fighting. all right, we've run out of time,
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so we're going to have to leave it there. thanks so much to all our guests and room when the marian curable or e m nickel and kiss the c.g. . and thank you too for watching. you can see the program again any time by visiting our website of 0 dot com. and for further discussion, go to our facebook page. that's facebook dot com, forward slash a.j. inside story. you can also join the conversation on twitter. our handle is at a.j. inside story. for me, i'm a gentleman, the whole team here in doha, by frank. do
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you feel validated in south way? is that a type of performative activism? and let's go back to specifically you calling a white supremacist. the lights are on that there's nowhere to hide. join me, richelle carey, is up at the questions to my special guest and challenge them to some straight talking political debate. front on al jazeera in 2012, al-jazeera travels to iran. people who are at that, are you scared to speak on camera, saying that if they talk to us, they think they'll be arrested down the line to take the pulse of a country ravaged under u.s. occupation. some of these graves are completely destroyed. it's one of the most holy and sacred sites in all of iraq and turned into a battleground between the man to me and the americans rewind returns to iraq after the americans. at this time, our knowledge is the uninterrupted
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discussion. for them are these the top stories on al-jazeera ethiopia's military says it plans to circle the capital city of the 2 gray region with tanks and seize it is controlled by the 2 great people's liberation front government troops launched an offensive on the group earlier this month. reuters is reporting the tip e.l.f. saying it's standing firm and it's destroyed roads and bridges to stop the government. advance has more from private is calling for you saw the funnel and say that the government different.

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