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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 30, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm carole walker. the headlines at eight... a new home secretary and a personal promise from sajid javid as he pledges to address the windrush scandal, taking overfrom amber rudd, who stood down yesterday. the windrush generation, who have been in this country for decades and yet have struggled to navigate through the immigration system, this never should have been the case and i will do whatever it takes to put it right. with amber rudd's departure, labouraim theirfire at the prime minister. amber rudd has been the human shield of theresa may. and she is now gone. theresa may now has questions to answer. the government's brexit plans have suffered another overwhelming defeat in the house of lords. israel's prime minister claims he has conclusive proof that iran has a secret nuclear weapons programme. incriminating presentations, incriminating blueprints, incriminating photos, incriminating videos.
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and more. also ahead in the next hour, two bomb blasts in kabul kill at least 25 people and injure dozens more. it's thought the second explosion outside afg hanistan‘s intelligence service targeted journalists who'd gathered at the scene. and a warning from scientists, as a study reveals a huge antarctic glacier is melting and at risk of collapse. good evening and welcome to bbc news. the new home secretary sajid javid has said his most "urgent task" is to help the windrush generation.
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the former communities secretary has taken over from amber rudd who resigned late last night for misleading mp's about immigration removal targets after days of criticism over the windrush scandal. the departure of a close ally is a loss to the prime minister who is coming under renewed attack now from labour. they are calling her the architect of the windrush crisis during her time as home secretary. our political editor laura kuenssberg has more. 8:30am, afterward. but where is the office? good morning. half an hour later, at 9am, sajid javid took the call that gave the answer. the new home secretary. with orders from number ten for one of the biggestjobs with some of the most
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brutal pressure. but it is a messy ta keover brutal pressure. but it is a messy takeover for this brutal pressure. but it is a messy takeoverfor this former brutal pressure. but it is a messy takeover for this former banker turned politician. sorting out the windrush fiasco, top of the list. like the caribbean when restoration, my parents came to this country in the 1960s. so when i heard that people who were long—standing pillars of their communities were being impacted for simply not having the right documents to prove their legal status in the uk, i thought, it could be a mime mother, my brother, my uncle or even me. so i wa nt to brother, my uncle or even me. so i want to end by making one thing crystal clear, we will do right by the windrush generation. he is and because she is out. amber rudd's cabinet career sunk by six words. we don't have targets for the movement.
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except they do, and the prime minister admit it. amber rudd was very clear about the reasons why she has resigned that was because of information that she gave to the house of commons, it was not correct. if you look at what we are doing as a government and have been doing as a government and have been doing over the years as a government, what we are doing is responding to the need that people see for government to deal with illegal immigration. the new home secretary's first stage is the end was only in 2010. it really is like being in school again on the first day. he was promoted to the cabinet by david cameron. later he faced calls to quit. when the steel company was up for sale. in charge of housing, he was under pressure
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after the grenfell fire. beard lyttle warns that this will be meeting unless there is a change in the way the home secretary office works. i hope the new home secretary will show some interest and determination to see that it works efficiently because at the moment it does not. i am delighted to have gotten this new responsibility. for him and mrsajid gotten this new responsibility. for him and mr sajid javid, a brief moment to enjoy day one. him and mr sajid javid, a brief moment to enjoy day onelj him and mr sajid javid, a brief moment to enjoy day one. i have not called my mother get, but i will when you give me a moment. he is inheriting big problems. and no home secretary can be sure of avoiding accidents that may come. let's bring you up to date with the latest developments and our political correspondent, ben wright is at westminster. a new home secretary has been
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promoted by the prime minister, but she is still in the firing line herself. you are absolutely correct. she remains the target of labour's attacked. they feel it is easier now. now that amber rudd is out of the way, they are going to continue to demand questions about how this house style environment and policy towards immigration was formulated. —— hostile environment. i think labour will continue to pile on the pressure to the prime minister for this. i think that number ten will be pleased with how today has gone. it was quite extraordinary to see the new home secretary having to field questions on this. within six hours of having the phone call from prime minister giving him thisjob. he had six hours to speak to officials and then he faced a
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barrage of questions. not only on what the government was planning to do on this windrush scandal, but more broadly on his immigration strategy. he had a number of questions from the tory backbenchers to rethink the tone and approach to immigration more broadly. questions that he was fairly keen to sidestep. i think it was a confident first outing, a lot of support from his own side. and indeed support from amber rudd. that is right, amber rudd sent out at saying that it was outstanding debut. so strong support from her. his predecessor who will clearly be bruised after this. i'm sure she is quite cross with her officials, whether or not she is crossed with number ten or not, i'm sure we will not know for a long time. it was a really brutal fall for amber rudd, who was one of the
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most senior members of the government. tipped as a future leader. all of that, has had a real battering over the last few days. ben stay with us because... parliament has been preoccupied with another issue today with the government's brexit plans suffering another overwhelming defeat in the house of lords. let's listen in as peers voted by a majority of 90 to give parliament a decisive say on the outcome of the negotiations with the eu, if there isn't a deal. my my lords could that have voted, contends 335 not contents, 244. so the contents have it. well, there we have an overwhelming defeat. just explain the significance of this. have an overwhelming defeat. just explain the significance of thism didn't quite demonstrate the drama of the moment. it could be a very significant vote that we just heard. what the house of lords were telling
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the house of commons was that they wa nt the house of commons was that they want the so—called meaningful vote that parliament will get in autumn when the final brexit deal has been agreed, they want to beef up that vote to mean far more. they want mps to be able to reject the deal on offer or if they choose to do so, then instructed ministers, the government, what to do next. one of those options could be go back to brussels and get a better deal, continue to talk. that is why this is potentially a very significant move. now, the bill that they are voting on in the house of lords, goes back to the house of commons. so the question is whether mps share this view. if they also want to make this view. if they also want to make this stand. this is part of a really fascinating and important power struggle between parliament and ministers and how brexit should be shaved, what pa rliament‘s ministers and how brexit should be shaved, what parliament's role should be. in the first —— in the
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last few weeks we've seen mps and peers flexing their muscles demanding more of a say. they don't think parliament is in the right, mps. they think that they threatened the deal. we're disappointment that the deal. we're disappointment that the house of lords has voted for this amendment. what this does is hand unprecedented constitutional powers to parliament to direct them to do things. to direct the government to do anything even keeping the uk in the eu indefinitely. we believe scrutiny is important. we are very disappointed that they chose to vote for this amendment. steve baker, it is pretty clear that the government is going to try to overturn this. labourmp
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labour mp john woodcock is labour mpjohn woodcock is under investigation. yes, a persistent and high—profile critic ofjeremy corbyn. he has been suspended from the party pending an investigation. labour party mac has confirmed. we do not know much more. all we know is that he has been suspended pending due process and it wouldn't be appropriate to comment further on an ongoing case. many thanks for all those many unfolding stories. we will find out how this story and many others are covered in tomorrow's front pages. in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are political strategist jo tanner and political editor of the independent, joe watts. the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has said ‘iran lied' when it said it never had a nuclear weapons programme. he said that israel had managed
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to seize documentary evidence of the programme, files that had been seen by the united states. he also said that iran continued to covertly pursue nuclear weapons in spite of the deal struck by major world powers three years ago. after signing the nuclear deal in 2015, iran intensified its efforts to hide its secret nuclear files. 2015, iran intensified its efforts to hide its secret nuclearfiles. in 2017, iran moved its nuclear weapons files to a highly secret location in tehran. here in southern tehran. this is where they kept the atomic archive right here. very few ukrainians knew where it was, very few. —— iranians. and very few israelis. from the outside this was a very innocent looking compound it. in the inside, it contained iran's
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secret archives locked in secret files. actually, they are a little bigger than this. a few weeks ago, ina great bigger than this. a few weeks ago, in a great intelligence achievement, israel obtained half a tonne of the material inside these walls. well, that was benjamin netanyahu. let's discuss this further, with our diplomatic correspondent jonathan marcus. explain the significance of this rather extraordinary presentation by the israeli prime minister. this was vintage political theatre from an israeli leader who loves to have these kinds of presentations. the question, i suppose, these kinds of presentations. the question, isuppose, is how these kinds of presentations. the question, i suppose, is how much revelation was they here? how much was actually new. on the one hand, you know, by one means or another, he claims that israel has had access to half a tonne of files of documents from what they call iran's
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secret nuclear archive. in this rather nondescript building in south tehran. that sounds like an extraordinary story is true. more than that of cores, as ever, timing is important. this revelation comes just a few weeks before early to mid may, may 12 when president trump is supposed to determine the agreement of with —— agreement with tehran. mr netanyahu of with —— agreement with tehran. mr neta nyahu and of with —— agreement with tehran. mr netanyahu and his theatrical way has put a contrary view. and i suppose, many arms—control experts, those who believed for all of its faults, the deal is the best thing possible at the moment. it is looking as though mrtrump may the moment. it is looking as though mr trump may follow the line taken
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by the israeli prime minister. we're just saying some breaking news saying that donald trump and the french president has spoken about syria and iran. just as you mention, donald trump is deciding whether or not to give his backing for this deal to continue. this intervention by president netanyahu could be significant, but it was not —— it was not an extraordinary presentation. it looked very old—fashioned. we see him unveiling these files. we saw him unveiling these files. we saw him unveiling the files. how credible is this? as isaid, it the files. how credible is this? as i said, it is not clear what is new here. certainly iran always insisted it did not have a nuclear weapon programme. we think —— i think
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serious experts on the subject believe that they did but it stopped some time ago. and what president netanyahu some time ago. and what president neta nyahu is some time ago. and what president netanyahu is claiming is that information has been secretly put away in this building for future use. his criticism of the deal is that when it expires, he agrees with mrtrump that when it expires, he agrees with mr trump that it is not a very good deal, but he is saying that basically with this trove of documents and the work they have already done and the ability to enrich without limit, plus as he says, the ballistic missile programme, they will have all the elements to get a deliverable nuclear weapon. the contrary view is that there are many things the deal does not cover, iran's ballistic
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programme. our prime minister, the french president all believe it would be great to have another deal that included those elements, but the argument is don't throw the baby out with the bath water. you have something that constrains iran for it bit of time and it gives more visibility and for all of its faults, i think their view would be is that it's better to stick with and that is the view they have put forward to mr trump. iran has rejected president neta nyahu's assertions. on a day of violence in afghanistan, the bbc has announced that one of our own reporters ahmad shah has been killed in an attack in khost province, which borders pakistan. he was just 29 years old. the bbc has paid tribute to him and his work, and says its supporting his family at this very difficult time. his death comes as nine journalists
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are among 26 people killed in attacks in kabul. overall, monday is believed to be the deadliest day for afghanistan's media since the fall of the taliban. this report from richard galpin. this morning in kabul, the aftermath of twin attacks in what is supposed to bea of twin attacks in what is supposed to be a secure area known as the green zone. leaving dozens either dead or injured. the second blast killing nine afghan journalist who had gathered here to report on the earlier bombing near the us embassy and afghan intelligence headquarters. reportedly having a camera in his hand, he approached journalist and that is where he detonated his explosive device and that was such a deliberate attack against journalists. amongst those
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killed was this man. he was a french photographer. he covered the turbulent events in his country for 22 years. many of the other journalists who lost their lives we re journalists who lost their lives were much younger. this was the deadliest attack on the afghan media for decades. but also today, in a separate incident, the bbc journalist ahmad shah was shot dead in the east of the country. he had been working for the past to service for more than a year. he was 29 and engaged to be married. on top of others, there have been reports from southern province of kandahar that a suicide bomber has killed people at religious schools. this wave of attacks by militants in recent
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months comes despite an attempt by the government here to reach out to the government here to reach out to the taliban offering peace talks. what has happened today is yet another setback. it makes it much more difficult for the government to strengthen the national consensus on peace and reconciliation when you see such a peace and reconciliation when you see such a severe peace and reconciliation when you see such a severe attack. but our effo rts see such a severe attack. but our efforts will continue. also installing a peace process is not a switch that you can turn on and off, it isa switch that you can turn on and off, it is a long process. for the moment, it seems that the taliban and the so—called islamic state are determined to sow chaos across the state. not least because elections are due to happen later this year. joining us now from our washington studio by steven butler, who is the asia programme co—ordinator for the committee to protectjournalists. thank you very much forjoining us. this is a very horrific attack and
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it seems that journalists were specifically targeted. yes, i think you really have to look at the magnitude of what afghanistan has lost. these are ninejournalist, brave people people who believe in the freedom of the press and are essential if afghanistan is going to carry out an election. it is a horrific attack. we have heard that one of the bbc‘s journalist a young man was also amongst those who died. it appears to be a relatively recent trend of people who are prepared to specifically target journalists. we have to say that we don't know the reason yet why the bbc journalist was killed. there was a similar killing a week ago. and we are currently investigating. since 1992,
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we have documented 35journalists who have died for their work. this is not an entirely new phenomenon, but the scale of it today is just stunning and very depressing, honestly. what, if anything, can your organisation do in the face of these sorts of threats which journalists are facing, who were clearly working in difficult and dangerous circumstances, but who in this case do appeared... the second blast does appear to have been time to target them. there are two ways. first of all, we call forjustice in these cases and there have been calls today in the international court ofjustice were for the united nations to intervene. and of course, the afghan government could intervene to find those who are responsible for these attacks and bring them tojustice.
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responsible for these attacks and bring them to justice. when that doesn't happen it encourages more attacks like this. the second front, is to raise the safety awareness on the part of journalists. is to raise the safety awareness on the part ofjournalists. so they have training and they understand the tremendous dangers when a single bomb blast goes off, that there could be another one to provide them with equipment, body armour, helmets, for example, that does help to save lives. these are measures that can be taken. we prepare extensive safety materials. we will have to leave it there, but thank you for talking to us. the headlines on bbc news: a new home secretary and a personal promise from sajid javid as he pledges to address the windrush scandal taking overfrom amber rudd, who stood down yesterday. defeat for the government as the house of commons votes to give parliament the final say over brexit. israel's prime minister claims he has conclusive proof that iran has a secret nuclear weapons programme. let's get a full round up from the
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bbc sports centre. join catherine. hello, catherine. shahid khan — the man who wants to buy wembley stadium has told the bbc that if the home of english football is to be saved then he's the man to do it. khan — who owns fulham and the jacksonville jaguars has been responding to criticism of his proposal — but he says it's the right way to go. my my messages if you love english football you want this to go ahead. it provides the money for it. otherwise, how is the fa going to be able to do their mission? this is also wembley, overall, it is not a moneymakerfor
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also wembley, overall, it is not a moneymaker for the faa. it also wembley, overall, it is not a moneymakerfor the faa. it is a responsibility for them. their core mission is football. and if you like english football, this is the money they need to make it happen. tottenham cannot afford to lose point tonight if they're 555515 515555 5553515 5555359155 spurs are just two points ahead . lost two of their last three games. a real howler very. 1—0 after 20 minutes. england could win the world cup this year — that's according to the fa's technical director dan ashworth. in an interview with the bbc this afternoon, which also covered the possible sale of wembley and the sacking of mark sampson as england's women's coach — he spoke about targets for the tournament in russia this summer — and said anything less than the latter stages of the world cup would be "disappointing". we have got some really good players. if you talk to our counterparts, they talk about
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johnstone and jordan henderson. we have got some talented players. we can't name a raft of players who are at the top of their game. we have got some talented players, we do not have a history at this moment of succeeding in tournaments. we have got to try and move our talented players into performing better at tournaments and getting through to latter stages. is it impossible for us latter stages. is it impossible for us to win the world cup, no it isn't. mark williams is through to the quarter finals of the world snooker championships in sheffield. the world number seven beat robert milkins by 13 frames to seven. it's the eighth time the welshman has reached this stage in 20 appearances. he'll play england's ali carter next tomorrow night. judd trump is into the quarter finals after a 13 frames to nine victory over ricky waldon. the world number four mounted a remarkable comeback winning five frames in a row to avoid an upset against a player ranked 27th in the world. trump will now take on four time champion john higgins in the last eight. that's all the sport for now. still 1-0 at
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still 1—0 at wembley. we will keep you updated throughout the evening. catherine, many thanks. the chief executive of sainsbury‘s has insisted that the firm's planned merger with asda will not lead to closures orjob losses in stores but could lead to lower prices. the deal worth £10 billion needs approval from the competition and markets authority before it goes ahead. our business editor simon jack takes a closer look. richard lim is chief executive of retail economics —an independent economics research consultancy and he's in our central london studio. thank you forjoining us. is sam sperry‘s boss right? thank you forjoining us. is sam sperry's boss right?|j thank you forjoining us. is sam sperry's boss right? i think at the heart of this this is about the retail structure going through change. the sector is being changed by the way consumers are shopping
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also buy discount providers like ld and little. at the heart of it is about getting efficiencies, ute sizing... essentially driving those efficiencies means passing a lower cost to consumers. and remaining competitive in the market. the opposition are already saying that there should be a competition investigations because it is wrong to have one huge company dominating the market. do you think that is going to happen? the cma are there to put the interests of consumers first. i would reiterate, that this is about driving efficiency, about using the combined retail group to flex their muscle in terms of buying power. and essentially all of that will be of benefit to the consumers because they are driving costs lower, so they can remain competitive in this fiercely competitive in this fiercely competitive market. what about
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supply chains? there are concerns that some of the smaller providers could be squeezed out. yes, undoubtedly, it is going to be a difficult environment for suppliers to operate in. on the one hand... on one approach, suppliers have a good opportunity to try it to work collaboratively with the retail group and that ultimately could lead to bigger contracts and more favourable terms for them. of course, the underlying environment is... the reason for this deal is to drive down costs would suppliers and pass it onto consumers. it will be a tough for suppliers as well. 0k, thank you very much forjoining us. knowledge is catch up with the weather. let's hope that chris has some good news for us.
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it has been raining pretty much all day. it is wet and windy. this area of low pressure that brought the wet and windy pressure will be easing away as we go through this evening and through the night. the skies are going to be clearing. it is going to bea going to be clearing. it is going to be a clear night your cold enough that some patches of frost in some of our towns and cities will be getting down to zero. looking at the weather picture for tuesday, a big improvement. for many of us there should be a fine start to the day. it will cloud over across northern ireland quickly. rain will come in and turning heavy here before spreading on to western parts of scotland. some wet weather for western wales and southwest england. further east it will be dry and temperatures will be higher, highs of 215. this is bbc news —
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our latest headlines. the new home secretary sajid javid pledges to address the windrush scandal — after taking overfrom amber rudd, who stood down yesterday. defeat for the government as the house of lords votes to give parliament the final say over brexit. israel's prime minister claims he has conclusive proof that iran has a secret nuclear weapons programme. two bomb blasts in kabul kill at least 25 people and injure dozens more. it's thought the second explosion targeted journalists who'd gathered at the scene. the new home secretary, sajid javid, has promised to do "whatever it takes" to help the windrush generation in the wake of the resignation of his predecessor amber rudd. so what challenges lie ahead for the new home secretary? as well as dealing with the windrush scandal, crime and security are key issues he will have to keep on top of in a brief that is as wide
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ranging as it is full of potential bear traps. here's our deputy political editorjohn pienaar. who would want to run the home office, where political careers get pulled up short? crime figures, police funding, always tough. a constant terror threat never far off, and there's always the unexpected. the windrush scandal. making amends for that, the new home secretary's big promise on his first day on the job. the most urgent task i have is to help those british citizens who came from the caribbean, the so—called windrush generation, and make sure they are all treated with the decency and the fairness that they deserve. but a better way of deciding who is allowed in as new members of the british public, one that is fairer and more sensitive, that's another pledge. it won't be easy. there's nothing wrong with targets per se, but the home office needs to up its game. it needs to ensure that targets are being managed
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in a fair way, and there is consistency in decision—making. there needs to be some quality assurance by senior managers of what their staff are doing. the home office has been burdened for years by a record of handling a toughjob badly. remember this? in the wake of the problems of mass migration that we have been facing, our system is not fit for purpose. and the migration policy challenges keep stacking up. sajid javid may stick to mrs may's pledge to cut annual migration below 100,000, but some ministers say stop counting overseas students in the migrant total. the prime minister won't budge. will sajid javid? the biggest challenge coming is forming a post—brexit migration policy, firm enough to satisfy public demand for tight controls, but still eu—friendly enough to help britain's brexit deal. anything could go wrong, and often does. it's a job where you go to bed at night thinking
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everything is reasonably under control, but you wake up in the morning hearing yourself being denounced on the today programme for some event that you've never heard of, because it is capable of producing a scandal in just about every one of its fraught responsibilities. so a tough brief at the best of times. throw in brexit, the need to satisfy the public and parliament on migration, to show more compassion, and handle the next crisis. and crises are the stock in trade of this department. the new home secretary will have a hard time, to borrow one of theresa may's favourite phrases, "just managing". they say that which doesn't kill you or your career makes you stronger. as amber rudd discovered here, rising stars and glittering careers don't always end well. john pienaar, bbc news, at the home office. with me is george eaton, political editor for the new statesman. we were hearing a huge pile of very difficult issues already in sajid
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javid's in trade, is he the man for thejob? —— javid's in trade, is he the man for the job? —— tray. javid's in trade, is he the man for the job? -- tray. the appointment has been well received most commentators think it is a smart move and theresa may had a difficult start to the day, to lose one cabinet minister is unfortunate but to lose four in six months looks even more than carelessness but this appointment was made swiftly and by the standards of theresa may's government quite competently. her last reshuffle was chaotic, and the challenge for sajid javid now is that the home office is a department that the home office is a department thatis that the home office is a department that is still defined by theresa may. theresa may was the author and the owner of the now criticised policies such as the hostile environment and who was committed to the net migration target, reducing net immigration to the tens of thousands per year. sajid javid is a change in style, he has emphasised
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the term hostile environment went been used and it has been replaced by the term compliant, but whether he represents a change in substance is something we will be asking —— would be used. —— won't be used for. sajid javid said he is the son of pa rents sajid javid said he is the son of parents who came over from pakistan, the same generation as those of the windrush generation. he can sort out the scandal? he appears to be empathising with the plight that the windrush generation and other immigrants have faced and that is something that many say theresa may struggles to do and she is often seen as a very struggles to do and she is often seen as a very cold and rumoured prime minister. and in the age of social media, empathy is something very important —— cold and remote.
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sajid javid needs to assert himself at the because the fear some have is that although the windrush generation may now be properly treated and given the dignity they deserve, who are the next windrush generation? is this problem going to spill over into other groups and are they prepared? you mention the hostile environment which was of course intended for illegal immigrant is, that was put injuring the time of theresa may at the home office. labour are clearly gunning for the prime minister herself now that amber rudd has gone. yes, they are. theresa may's position has been fragile since the general election. and yet she continues, she is the zombie prime minister, in many ways, too weak to lead in the way of a confident prime minister who has a majority, but too strong to go and
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tory mps can't agree on any alternative. sajid javid is already being talked up as a potential leadership contender. the irony being, theresa may wanted to fire him if she had won a large majority, the irony which will be lost on him. but for any politician the home office is a good test of what you are made of because it is known as the political graveyard. the difficulty as well for sajid javid is that the prime minister appears determined to stick with many of those policies, she was stressing the importance of tackling illegal immigration, saying there's nothing wrong with trying to make sure that they leave the country if they are not entitled to be here. so if that is the case, maybe there will be limits to how much sajid javid can achieve? that is the fear that liberal conservatives and other sad, that sajid javid is someone who in
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the cabinet was a critic of the net migration target —— and others have. it is arbitrary and many say it reduces confidence in the immigration system because the government in the decades it has been enforced has never met the target. but theresa may, if there is something which defines, it is the desire to reduce migration, she has sta ked desire to reduce migration, she has staked a lot on that goal and their is little chance of her moving away from this target. the target was designed to correct such bureaucratic obstacles that legal migrants who are not able to prove their right to remain simply because they don't have years worth of documents, they simply give in. thanks forjoining us. meanwhile the eu's chief negotiator is in ireland to discuss
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options for the critical issue of how to avoid a hard border with northern ireland post brexit. over the next two days michel barnier will meet business leaders on both sides of the border. but he's come in for criticism from the democratic unionists who say he doesn't understand their position. emma vardy reports. whether you're coming or going from this part of the world, you'd barely notice the border. but it's still the biggest obstacle the brexit talks have yet to overcome. today's arrival, the eu's chief negotiator, meeting the irish prime minister. both say a close trading relationship with the uk in future depends on britain coming up with new ideas for the border. we recognise that in order for that to be achieved, the united kingdom's approach to the negotiations will need to change in some way. but this isn't about punishing the uk, said mr barnier, in response to criticism from the dup.
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there is no spirit of revenge. no spirit of punishment. i profoundly regret brexit, for many reasons. and i have been never aggressive. the british government believes a free—trade deal with the eu would mean there would be no need for customs checks on the irish border after brexit. but michel barnier‘s preferred fallback, of keeping northern ireland in the customs union while the rest of the uk leaves, continues to provoke unionists. i don't think he does understand the wider unionist culture of northern ireland. he's hearing a very strong message from the republic of ireland's government. he's hearing it from sinn fein. we have tried to get him to understand the unionist position for the people of northern ireland, but he hasn't really responded to that and i'm disappointed about that. on the face of it, the eu and the uk remain deadlocked over the irish border. however, sources inside the british government have told the bbc they believe they will get their
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proposal through. but until an agreement is reached, businesses both north and south say they feel livelihoods are at stake. we keep trading but our suppliers in england, all anxious to know how they are going to pan out, because they will potentially lose us as customers. so, nobody knows, so we need to find out and find out soon. because this is real and this is happening to real people, and real families and real businesses. so, something needs to be done. a solution for the border must be found byjune, according to the eu, for the talks to stay on track. without that, the uk could be in danger of crashing out with no agreement and no transition period to smooth the way. emma vardy, bbc news, dundalk. four skiers have died after getting caught in a storm in the swiss alps. the skiers were caught outside the pigne a'arolla area. in total 14 skiers were trapped — and five remain in a serious condition.
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a man has died after being swept into the sea in ramsgate. a large—scale rescue operation was launched, with two other people rescued from the water. it's believed all three people were washed off the pier by a heavy wave in stormy conditions. the two survivors were taken to hospital for treatment. the headlines on bbc news: a new home secretary and a personal promise from sajid javid as he pledges to address the windrush scandal — taking overfrom amber rudd, who stood down yesterday. defeat for the government as the house of lords votes to give parliament the final say over brexit. israel's prime minister claims he has conclusive proof that iran has a secret nuclear weapons programme. an update on the market numbers for you — here's how london and frankfurt ended the day. and in the the united states this is how the dow a terminally ill man has appealed to judges to allow him
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to "die with dignity". noel conway's challenge to the law prohibiting assisted dying is being heard at the court of appeal tomorrow. mr conway, who has motor neurone disease, wants a doctor to be allowed to prescribe him a lethal dose of drugs when he feels life is unbearable. he's been speaking to our medical correspondent fergus walsh. yep. 0k. there's an underlying feeling of profound anxiety that i live with, and that is, i don't know how i'm going to die. little by little, noel conway's strength is fading. motor neurone disease means his muscles are wasting away, including those that allow him to breathe, so he needs a ventilator, and he's totally reliant on his wife, carol. i want to end my life with dignity, cleanly, and in full consciousness.
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i don't want to linger on for weeks. what is it that you fear will happen to you at the end of your life? i will be completely immobile. it's the still being alive and yet not being able to use one's body that is the greatest fear i have. the central argument before the courts is whether the suicide act, which prohibits assisted dying, is an unjustifiable breach of mr conway's human rights. judges here interpret the law. they can't change it. that's down to parliament. three years ago, mps overwhelmingly rejected proposals to allow assisted dying in england and wales. the high court dismissed mr conway's case, but the court of appeal says
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the issues are of such importance the law needs further examination. campaigners opposed to legalising assisted suicide say the current law protects the vulnerable. we are concerned about those who have no voice, those who are demented, mentally ill, elderly, orsick, who would feel pressure to end their lives out of fear of being a burden. the issue noel conway is raising is of profound importance to society, and both sides of the debate believe passionately they are trying to uphold basic human rights. fergus walsh, bbc news. the cost of some alcohol in scotland goes up tomorrow when a minimum price of 50p per unit comes in. it won't affect drinks in pubs but it will affect sales of alcohol from shops. the scottish government believes it will improve the nation's health
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and save the nhs money, with alcohol linked to around 3,700 deaths a year. some of that is due to cancer and liver disease, but what's less well known is the effect drinking can have on the brain. last year there were almost a thousand hospital stays in scotland for people with alcohol—related brain damage. our scotland correspondent lorna gordon reports. you don't have any memories of any particular day. one day is the same as another. all you're doing isjust trying to find alcohol. these men have alcohol—related brain damage, arbd, caused by years, sometimes decades, of heavy drinking. you just didn't care. you never washed, shaved or changed your clothes or anything. you just sat there with the same stuff on day in day out. arbd can lead to difficulties carrying out familiar everyday tasks, confusion, problems with walking, talking, with mood and with memory. i thought i wasn't that bad but i was bad. this specialist unit
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in edinburgh with everything from doctors to occupational therapists, helps past and current residents relearn how to live a normal life and supports them to stay off the booze. this is the outdoor space. alan has been receiving help here for three months. planting some plants. herb garden? that's right. he had been drinking around ten pints every day. leading to six hospital visits in as many months and the years of heavy drinking damaged his body and his mind. it was affecting me really badly at the end. in fact, it was frightening. why? just not knowing what i'd done and people were telling me things. i'd met them and have no recollection of meeting them whatsoever. and also during a conversation with somebody sometimes i'd start speaking and i can't finish the sentence. the intensive help on offer here saves not only lives but also nhs funds by cutting
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frequent admissions to a&e. we have people who are basically broken. their lives are just gone. they are no longer the person they used to be. so ourjob here is to get them physically well, but also get them emotionally well. most of those who leave this centre do regain their lives. alan is hopeful he will be one of them. it's up to me, no doubt about that. the easy bit is coming in here. the hardest bit is going out into the open, into life again. lorna gordon, bbc news, edinburgh. it's a glacier the size of britain and it's melting — causing sea levels to rise. britain and america are sending 100 scientists to the antarctic to assess the thwaites glacier. if in years to come it were to collapse entirely, the rise in sea levels would be rapid — and could have dramatic
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consequences globally. our science editor david shukman reports. antarctica is changing. scientists capture the moment that vast chunks of ice break into the ocean. there's so much ice here, that even ifjust some of it melts, sea levels will rise around the world. so the urgent question is how rapidly the glaciers, the great streams of ice, are moving. satellite pictures already reveal that one of the biggest of them, thwaites, is shedding huge blocks of ice. if the whole lot went, the sea would end up nearly a metre higher. this matters for the millions of people who depend on sea defences to keep them safe, from the thames barrier in london, to walls of mud in bangladesh. the key is predicting how fast the sea will rise. we found definitely a place that really could uncork the genie in terms of sea level rise at a much shorter timescale than has been talked about before.
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things that would really make it difficult for coastal planners, cities, countries, to react fast enough. this latest research will focus on the western edge of antarctica, where the massive thwaites glacier, one of the largest on the planet, flows into the ocean. now, scientists already know that warm sea water is working its way under the front of the ice, melting it from underneath. but they don't yet know whether the ice will totally collapse and raise sea levels. so, over the next five years, they will be measuring the ice from the air, checking the glacier‘s thickness by drilling into it from the surface. and also using robot submarines to explore what's happening to the ice underwater. the submarines will be venturing into a hazardous world, but what they find out will help improve the forecasts for the future of the sea level. professor karen hayward is leading one of the teams that will deploy the subs. it's going to be very scary for us.
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we're going to be very nervous when we send it under the thwaites glacier for the first time. we'll be crossing our fingers that it comes back safely. but it is thrilling as a scientist to get data from somewhere that nobody has ever measured before. but conditions will be unbelievably tough. the glacier couldn't be more remote. getting scientists there will involve one of the largest operations ever mounted in antarctica. and the teams camping on the glacier will have to endure notorious weather. but if they can help predict the rise of the oceans, they say it's worth it. david shukman, bbc news. let's talk to andy smith who is a glaciologist with the british atlantic survey — he's in cambridge. thanks forjoining us. we were hearing some details of this extraordinary project, what is the significance of it? the fate of this glacier, it is one of the biggest in
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antarctic science at the moment, hence the need for this big effort to understand it. but we do know already that it is melting? yes, we do. a few things we do know, it is melting and changing, and we know those changes driven by the ocean offshore and probably linked to atmosphere and climate, what's really difficult about this glacier in the ticket, it's proving very difficult to make good predictions for what it will do in the future —— this glacier in particular. and what will the contribution be from this glacier to the sea level. this is the one that seems to have the biggest potential to give us a scare ina biggest potential to give us a scare in a nasty way in terms of sea level. clearly there is nothing we can do to stop this glacier melting beyond the global efforts to cut
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emissions and so on but nothing will happen in the short term to stop this glacier melting. so what kind of data could the project actually discover and what can be done when they have got that? there will be a whole suite of different data sets but it is aimed at one big goal and thatis but it is aimed at one big goal and that is to be able to make much better predictions of what the glacier will do in the future and what will be the contribution to the rises in sea level, so i think there are eight separate projects, which are eight separate projects, which are all co—ordinated, they are all aiming that one final goal. the important thing about this is that when governments and policymakers are planning for sea defences anywhere around the world, they use the best predictions they can get at the best predictions they can get at the time for what sea—level ‘s will do in the future and this programme
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will feed directly into those big decisions that planners have to make. do we know if there are specific places that would be most at risk if there were to be this rise in sea levels? yes. if you go around the world, the low—lying places, and if you look at maps of population density around the world, there is a high proportion of them that live close to the coast and close to where levels of the land are not that far above sea level and so are not that far above sea level and so there are known areas out there that will be especially affected by sea—level rise in. that will be especially affected by sea-level rise in. presumably with the additional data, warnings can be put out? that is correct. going back to planners, the goal of projects like these is to help them make the best decisions at the time and it is
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not just a best decisions at the time and it is notjust a question of planning defences and how to mitigate and work with it, it is also not spending too much on not planning to soon, it's a question of making the right decisions about how we deal with sea—level rises in the future. thanks forjoining us. the bbc has waived the licence fee for any groups planning to watch the wedding of prince harry and meghan markle in windsor on the 19th of may. the dispensation means live coverage will be allowed at special events and parties in town halls and community centres — without organisers having to buy a tv licence. time for a look at the weather. lets join chris fawkes for the forecast. is it going to get better? yes. we have some warm sunshine coming up at
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the end of the week but before we get there, it has been a day of contrasts across north—western areas, because it was a decent day there, with some sunny spells, looking pretty inviting, but it wasn't like that everywhere. across east anglia and south east england it was a very different story thanks to this cloud which fred crane in all—day —— fed rain. the rain is beginning to edge away and the process will continue but it was a combination of rain and strong winds that made it feel very cool. rough seasin that made it feel very cool. rough seas in the east coast and running down the north sea and temperatures struggled. temperaturesjust down the north sea and temperatures struggled. temperatures just four in the afternoon, in east sussex will top normally at this time of year issue be 14—15. through the rest of the night, the rain slowly easing away from norfolk and suffolk and we have clearing skies with light when
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afternoon live in the northern half, thatis afternoon live in the northern half, that is where we will have the lowest temperatures that is where we will have the lowest tem peratu res — — that is where we will have the lowest temperatures —— with light winds in the northern half. the low ridge of high pressure coming into tuesday ahead of the weather front that will bring rain late in the day but it should be a fine start. morning sunshine. massive improvement across east anglia and south—east england, not just improvement across east anglia and south—east england, notjust sunny, but also lighter winds, and a rise of 11 degrees in terms of the temperature, but the cloud will increase again in the afternoon. the front is going to be with us on wednesday, bringing in wet weather, but that should clear out of the way, followed by sunshine, and then later we have showers moving into the north west. some of these could be heavy with thunder and it will be a cooler day, temperatures 10—12. as we get to the end of the week high
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pressure building to the south of the uk, and it might be that we start to have a continental drift of air across southern parts of england and wales and that will boost the temperatures. it will be getting warmer and more subtle, and indeed the weekend, and by the way, it is a bank holiday weekend and it doesn't look that bad. the temperature should reach the low 20s and that will continue on bank holiday monday itself. fine weather to come but the next couple of days we will see a bit of rain at times. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. israel's prime minister reveals what he says is "new and conclusive proof" that iran had a secret nuclear weapons programme. incriminating presentations, incriminating blueprints, incriminating blueprints, incriminating photos, incriminating videos and more. the iranians are
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saying that is all propaganda aimed at donald trump. the fate of a caravan of migrants seeking asylum in the us remains unknown, as dozens are stopped by authorities at the mexico border. militant attacks in afghanistan target the intelligence service and nato —


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