welcome to newsday on bbc. i'm mariko oi in singapore, the headlines. our headlines this hour. in a special report, the bbc reveals evidence of a vast new network of internment camps in china. it's thought as many as a million muslims are being held inside without trial. if this really is all about education, then why the effort to stop us getting close? i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme. the moment the saudi crown prince, widely suspected of ordering the killing ofjamal khashoggi, meets the murdered journalist's son. can you learn empathy? we look at how virtual reality can enhance our responses to other people. live from our studios in singapore... and london. this is bbc world news. it's newsday. welcome to the programme.
the bbc has new evidence that china is building a vast network of internment camps for its muslim population. experts say one facility we've identified could be the biggest detention centre in the world. it's thought as many as a million muslim uighurs are being held without trial in the western region of xinjiang. china denies the claims, saying it has a programme of "vocational training centres" needed to combat the threat of terrorism. but the bbc has seen analysis that suggests the number of secure, prison—like facilities in the area has more than doubled in the past two years. our china correspondentjohn sudworth has this special report. in xinjiang, displays of police might are everywhere. but there is something here they don't want you to see. huge fences all around.
behind these blue steel walls, in a former school, is what china calls a "vocational training centre". but it looks more like a prison. nearby, relatives queue up to visit. from above, the grim details can be picked out. last year, the school had a football pitch. today, it's covered with what look like accommodation blocks. watchtowers are visible. on a corner, just outside the camp fence, we stop to speak to a family. some officials try to stop us filming, but another intervenes. "let them speak," she says. i ask who they're visiting. "my dad," he replies. china denies it is detaining
muslims in xinjiang. in response to the allegations, state television has been showing classrooms of supposedly grateful adults, willingly undergoing "re—education". "without this, i might have followed religious extremists," this woman says. but the bbc has seen new, detailed satellite analysis of dozens of suspected camps across xinjiang. few of them look much like schools. this giant compound is surrounded by a high wall with 16 watchtowers. we try to approach the site by car. look at this... only to discover that it's being expanded on a massive scale. it's like a city...
then the police block our way. if this really is all about education, then why the effort to stop us getting close? the satellite analysts show us a more recent image. it is clear how much the site has grown. but the team is able to show that this one camp is part of something much bigger, by identifying many other similar secure facilities right across xinjiang. plotting their growth over time shows just how fast they're being built. satellites see beyond what the human eye can see. as the years pass, we have detected that the number of infrastructures being built increases, and most significantly,
in the past two years. and prison design experts tell us this could now be one of the biggest detention facilities in the world, holding 11,000 inmates at the very least. xinjiang's mainly muslim minority are known as the uighurs. now, many of their homes are locked and deserted. sinister official notices on the doors say the missing are being "looked after". "re—education", "vocational training", to use china's euphemisms, suggest something limited and temporary, but our evidence shows that the camps and prisons being used for that purpose are large—scale and seemingly permanent. the big question, then, is where does all of this end? and the history of mass incarcerations, of course, offers some pretty ominous precedents. from a vegetable field to another one of china's new schools. in less than six months, complete with watchtowers.
we tried to film one of them. but once again, while trying to get to the truth, we're asked to leave. john sudworth, bbc news. earlier i spoke tojohn sudworth, and asked him for more on china's reaction. china says it is facing the real threat of terrorism in xinjiang. there have of course been a number of violent attacks. its answer is this programme of re—education, to use its phrase, this anti—extremism training which as you saw on my report, china appears to suggest that muslims are signing up for willingly. but of course, our evidence suggests a very different reality. and take that large site, the big site that we tried the big
site that we tried to visit there. locals in that town described the facility as a re—education centre, essentially as a school. but you have to ask, what kind of school needs 16 watchtowers? and what do we know about what takes place inside those facilities? there have been some accounts from people, mostly those who left in the early days of the system, believed to have begun in 2015, some have been able to leave xinjiang, to leave china. and those accounts have been published, some of those interviews have been heard. and the kind of things they describe as a programme of pretty harsh physical regime, often cruelty and violence, allege, and the coursework if you like, to use china's phrase, consists of rote learning of china's
anti—extremism laws, and things like the singing of patriotic songs. if that all sound like brainwashing, some people would say that's exactly what it is. what's extraordinary, i think, is that even the mildest of dissent in xinjiang today, even the most moderate of islamic practise is enough it seems to get you swept up into one of these camps. and we have a second of these reports later this week, in which we will be speaking ourselves to some of those who have been in the camps, as well as two uighurs living outside of china, saying their families are being swept up into this giant system of mass incarceration. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. a japanese journalist kidnapped by militants in syria more than three years ago is thought to have been released. the japanese government said
a man believed to be jumpei yasuda is now in turkey, although it's yet to confirm his identity. also making news today, police in new york have confirmed that a suspect package found in a post box at the home of billionaire businessman george soros contained an explosive device. mr soros is one of the world's biggest donors to liberal groups and causes. he has become a hated figure among some right—wing activists in the united states and eastern europe. the irish government has asked forensic investigators to dig up the site of a former roman catholic home for unmarried mothers and their babies. a local historian discovered nearly 800 deaths where no burial location was recorded. hundreds of babies may have been buried there over several decades. mexico has issued an alert for parts of its pacific seaboard as it prepares for the "life—threatening" hurricane willa to make landfall on the west—central coast. thousands of people have been evacuated. forecasters warn it could be "potentially catastrophic". take a look at this,
nasa cameras recently caught an unusual rectangular iceberg floating off antarctica. according to scientists, the iceberg's sharp angles and flat surface are an indication that it had probably recently broken off an ice shelf. turkey's president erdogan says the savage murder ofjournalist jamal khashoggi in istanbul was premeditated, and demanded that the men being held for it be handed over by saudi arabia and put on trial in turkey. president trump has described riyadh's handling of the matter as "the worst cover—up ever". from istanbul, mark lowen reports. jamal khashoggi's last steps into the saudi consulate and towards his death. he came just for papers to prove his divorce and let him remarry. three weeks on, the search for the truth continues.
president erdogan vowed to provide today the "naked truth", in his words. in the end, no new bombshell, but accusations of a premeditated act. translation: all the information and evidence shows that jamal khashoggi was killed in a violent, savage murder. we expect those responsible to be exposed. we have strong evidence that it was a planned operation, not an accidental death. he called for an independent investigation and tightened pressure on those arrested in riyadh. many of them close to the crown prince. the president of turkey, the world's biggestjailer ofjournalists, now an unlikely defender of the saudi journalist's cause. translation: the 18 people must be tried in istanbul. this is my proposal. but the decision is for the saudis to make. president erdogan laid out how the journalist's
murder was orchestrated. he said planning for it began when jamal khashoggi booked his appointment at the consulate to get divorce papers. the day before his killing, a saudi reconnaissance team scouted a forest in istanbul where he may now be buried. president erdogan went on, the 15 strong hit squad assembled that morning at the consulate, removing hard discs from security cameras. then mr khashoggi received a call to confirm his appointment at the consulate. it was at 13:08 that jamal khashoggi was last seen alive. one saudi operative then donned the journalist's clothes and a fake beard and glasses, walking in istanbul, apparently as a diversion. more evidence, it seems, of meticulous planning. given the gruesome leaks of what happened here, sedatives, strangling, dismemberment, a president who does not shy away from confrontation was surprisingly restrained today. i am told that he wanted to show that this was not against saudi arabia,
to urge the king to act without targeting him and to warn there will be more dirt if riyadh stays silent. in the saudi capital today, they put on a brave face, opening a glitzy investment conference, but many multinationals and politicians are boycotting it and the opening speaker could not avoid the topic. the terrible acts reported in recent weeks are alien to our culture and our dna. getting the us to change tack is harder. its treasury secretary pulled out of the conference but still met the crown prince, the saudis praising the strategic partnership. and the white house is yet to be convinced by turkey's allegations. what president erdogan said? yes. well, he was pretty rough. i want to see the facts first. look, saudi arabia has been a really great ally, one of the biggest investors, maybe the biggest investor in our country. imagine the pain here forjamal khashoggi's son, meeting king salman and the crown prince, widely accused of ordering the murder.
beyond the geopolitics, the regional relations turned upside down, it comes down to this. a father killed, a family torn apart. mark lowen, bbc news, istanbul. and you can keep up to date with the latest developments on the khashoggi death on the bbc website, where you'll find details of president erdogan‘s call for saudi arabia to tell the world, where the body is, and a timeline of how the story has developed. that's all at bbc.com/news. president trump's national security adviser, john bolton, has warned russia not to interfere with the us elections. the comments were made in moscow after he had a 90—minute meeting with president putin. he confirmed that president trump and putin will meet a few days after the vote. his visit also coincides with the announcement by president trump that the us will be pulling out of a 30—year—old nuclear treaty. mr bolton said nuclear missiles are no longer a bilateral issue, pointing to countries that aren't
parties to the treaty. china, iran, north korea, and others who are not covered by the treaty, who are free to do what they want in the intermediate range, and have made very substantial strides to have that capability. we estimate, for example, in the case of china, that somewhere between one third and one half of all their ballistic missile capability would violate the inf if they were party to it. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: we look at how researchers are using virtual reality to enhance oui’ sense of empathy with other people. a historic moment that many of his victims have awaited for decades.
the former dictator in the dark, older, slimmer. as he sat down, obedient enough. dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night on the plane outside, it lights up the biblicalfamine now in the 20th century. the depressing conclusion. in argentina today, it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money. we've had controversies in the past with great britain. but as good friends, we have always found a good and lasting solution. concorde bows out in style after almost three decades in service. an aircraft that has enthralled its many admirers for so long, taxis home one last time. this is newsday on the bbc.
i'm mariko oi in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories. the bbc has uncovered evidence of a vast network of detention camps for china's muslim population. as the family ofjamal khashoggi meet the saudi royal family, president trump says the killing is the "worst cover up in history". and as harry and meghan continue their tour of oceania, the prince sampled the traditional fijian drink, kava, as they were welcomed to the south pacific island. that story is doing well on bbc.com. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the south china morning post leads with the opening of the world's longest seabrige. after tuesday's formal ceremony, it opens to the public today, after a two—year delay and huge cost overruns.
we'll have more on the story on asia business report. meanwhile, the japan times reports that the government is re—considering the number of refugees. they take in from asian countries. japan is known for its tight immigration policy, and the paper says it currently takes in just 30 refugees from the region each year, and they're all from myanmar. the international new york times is reporting on a piece of ai in art. the auction house christies is hoping to fetch $10,000 for the piece that hangs opposite an andy warhol. it's had mixed reviews. the future of hundreds of migrants still living at a detention centre on the small pacific island of nauru remains in the balance as australia continues to debate how to resettle them. prime minister scott morrison has rejected a compromise proposal by the labour party to amend the country's legislation over border protection after re—tabling an offer by new zealand to accept the refugees. more than 600 people
are still thought to be living at the centre, which has been used to house those who have been intercepted trying to reach australia's shores by boat. the facility has long been plagued by allegations of human rights abuses and some people, including children, have had to be moved amid a mental heath crisis on the island. our correspondent hywel griffith is in sydney. you've been following this for a long well up now, bring us an update on what exactly is happening here? yes, these hundreds of people are still essentially stuck in limbo. they were taken to nauru to be processed for potential refugee status. there was an offer from the us government to assess some of them to be taken over to the us, but that process has been very slow. some have actually made their way to the us, but hundreds more remain. this
situation has always been that they we re situation has always been that they were never allowed to enter australia. it turned down an offer from new zealand claiming to —— to ta ke from new zealand claiming to —— to take in150, claiming from new zealand claiming to —— to take in 150, claiming it would be a back door to australia. the new prime minister scott morrison said there might be a way to do a deal as long as they were never allowed to come and australia. however he seems to have cooled very much on that deal at the moment. there was a by election over the weekend, which is one reason he may not have wanted to discuss it this week. we are talking about people here, what of asylum seekers? there are real concerns over the the physical and mental health of those. another group of children and the parents have come over to australia. concerns about the mental health psychiatrists
there, who have been working with children, they were told by the nauru authority that they were no longer needed. i think the situation has come to head as it did last year. however, there are no other offers on the table to resettle these people, the australian government says it does not want to create a situation where people, traffickers are encouraged to come to australia knowing they would be allowed to come in eventually. so i think once again, these people are in limbo with no obvious solution as to where they will go. thank you for the update. virtual reality could be used to encourage people to be more empathetic, helpful and positive towards marginalised groups. a team of us researchers found that people experiencing a virtual reality story that puts them in someone else's shoes made them more empathetic, than if they experienced it on a computer or read the information. they say it's helped to understand
groups such as the homeless. earlier i spoke to fernanda herrera, head author of the study about why she decided to undertake this research. there's been a long line of research in psychology that shows that taking the perspective of others, imagining what it's like to be someone else, can increase empathy and social behaviours. so we're really interested about figuring out whether or not virtual reality perspective—taking, which is when people experience what it is like to be somebody else in an immersive experience, would have the same effects. and how did your experiment work in order to come up with this finding? so basically we did a lot of research talking to nonprofits and homeless people to try to make sure we could recreate the experience that was genuine. so participants would put on the headset, it is an eight minute vr experience where they learned what it was like to become homeless starting out in an apartment, and then being evicted,
having to live out of their car, and eventually seeking shelter ina bus. so throughout this virtual reality experience, participants felt some of the things that real homeless people have felt as they became homeless. and were you surprised by the result? i guess it does make sense that these people kind of experience it through virtual reality, that they can feel more empathetic? well, it was definitely the finding that we were hoping we would get. whenever we started out with the research, we didn't know if it could've gone one way or another, but what we basically found was that participants who put on the headset and became in vr became more empathetic and performed more social behaviours like signing a petition in support of affordable housing, more so than participants who just used their imaginations, and also had better attitudes that lasted over two months after they went through the vr experience. and briefly before we let you go, how do you hope to use
this going forward? there's still a lot of research that needs to be done, but right now we are working on exploring the different contexts it can be used to promote empathy, maybe using it to reduce prejudice. i'm also interested in figuring out what immersive features, in other words, what aspects of the technology, are moderating our results. you have been watching newsday. i'm babita sharma in london. and i'm mariko oi in singapore. stay with us. i'll be back with business news. dyson is usually associated with vacuum cleaners and hair dryers, but what about electric cars? we'll see why the uk—based company wants to break ground in the car industry at a new factory in singapore, not britain. and before we go, panda painting! we wa nted we wanted to show you this. yang yang, a female panda in vienna's zoo took up her bamboo paintbrush earlier this year, and has been painting images that her keepers say
resemble other zoo animals. they say they can recognise a giraffe, a chicken, an elephant, and a swan. global interest in yang yang's paintings has grown to such an extent that the zoo has started a crowd—funding campaign where people can bid for copies "signed" by yang yang. she can paint so much better than us. i think putting our artwork to shame, i don't think anyone would pay for hours. more coming up with the headlines in asia business report. another edition of news way is best newsday is coming up soon. yesterday we had temperatures of 18
degrees in burlington. beautiful sunshine from one of our weather watchers. gusty winds, and by the end of the week, the wind direction changes to more of a northerly that will draw down so much colder air by friday. at the moment we are south of these weather fronts here, so we are in the mild error, this envelope of milderair are in the mild error, this envelope of milder air with high—pressure shaping our weather. we have a northwesterly wind drawing in a fair bit of cloud, meaning the best of the sunshine in southern england and south wales. much more cloud towards the northwest, more rain gathering in the southwest of scotland. probably not as windy on wednesday, maybe feeling a bit warmer. temperatures up to 16—17d. heading through the evening and into overnight, more rain arriving in the southwest of scotland, particularly over the highlands. we will see some
cloud coming further south in england and wales. moving into thursday, and there will be more cloud across the uk. winds picking up cloud across the uk. winds picking up ahead of this rain developing more widely in the northwest of scotla nd more widely in the northwest of scotland lady —— later in the day, but ahead of that the signatures will be a bit lower, so more like 12-14d. the will be a bit lower, so more like 12—14d. the really cold air comes behind that rain which is on the cold front there. it does what it says, we get colder air coming as we draw down the winds from the north all the way from the arctic. as we move into friday, we soon see any rain clearing the southeast, looking at showers, wintry and parts of north scotland. most of the showers down the western side of the uk further east, showers arriving on those coastal areas. temperatures will not be rising anytime soon. high—pressure is still around, but moving into the weekend, it says to
the west of us, drawing down this cold northerly wind. showers across scotland, fewer showers down the western coast of england and wales, and across northern ireland, most of them coming off the north sea into them coming off the north sea into the eastern side of england and scotland. but another cold days, up to9 scotland. but another cold days, up to 9 degrees at the bus. looking ahead we get more of a north easterly winds through sunday into monday. most of the wet weather will be in the east, still some sunshine around, but for the coming few days it will be pretty cold. i'm babita sharma with bbc news. our top story. the bbc uncovers evidence of a vast network of detention camps for china's muslim uighurs. it's thought as many as a million people from the uighur community are being held without trial in the western region of xinjiang. china denies the claims, saying it has a programme of "vocational training centres". the family ofjamal khashoggi has met the saudi royal family in riyadh. president trump called events after the murder of the journalist "the worst cover—up in history".
and this story is trending on bbc.com: this is prince harry drinking some kava as part of a welcome ceremony, as he and meghan continue their royal tour to the pacific island of fiji. kava is a traditional drink, which is shared at ceremonies and has anti—anxiety properties. that's all. stay with bbc world news. half past midnight on bbc