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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 23, 2019 3:00am-3:30am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: zimba bwe‘s brutal crackdown on protesters continues. the president promises to investigate claims people were systematically tortured. the us government shutdown enters its second month. with no end in sight, some unpaid federal workers are forced to turn to food banks. sir david attenborough takes to the stage in davos with a plea to businesses and the wider world. every breath of air we take, every mouthful of food that we take comes from the natural world, and that if we damage the natural world, we damage ourselves. did you just look at me? how dare you? close your eyes! and the favourite and roma lead the charge for this year's oscars with ten nominations apiece. hello.
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zimbabwe's human rights commission has accused soldiers and police of the "systematic torture" of civilians, of using "brute, excessive and disproportionate force" causing avoidable loss of life. monitors say they've confirmed at least eight people have died in protests sparked by a doubling in the price of fuel, and there have been arbitrary detentions and arrests, many people snatched from their homes at night. our africa correspondent andrew harding sent this report from harare. grey skies and an edgy mood here in harare. we film discreetly as soldiers and police gather in the city centre, their crackdown still very much under way. suddenly, we stumble on a man in agony. a samaritan has brought someone called tatenda to us, hoping we can help him. we transfer him to our car to head to a clinic and hear his story. how long did they beat you for?
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two hours. it happened this afternoon. civilians simply rounded up and assaulted by soldiers. how many of you were there that they beat? ah, we were more than 30. 30 of you? yeah. all of them beaten? yeah. it fits a pattern — but today, the government told us it had nothing to apologise for, that a tough line was needed against violent demonstrators trying to block necessary reforms. hard decisions are only made by a government that's committed to the future. this government is focused on the next generation. it's prepared to make hard decisions. hard decisions, so that your children may have a good future. the man promising to deliver that "good future" for zimbabwe arrived home late last night,
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president emmerson mnangagwa, with some advice for a long—suffering population. our people should be concentrating on doing their work. the thrust is economic development, we must grow the economy. we want peace, we want unity among our people. but drive out of town and you'll quickly see why unity is a big ask. the poverty here is acute and getting worse. we've come to visit a nursery school. the headteacher joined last week's protests. she was hit and killed by an army truck. herfamily in no mood to forgive and forget. we will continue protesting until things settle. so, you're not afraid? i am not afraid to protest. even though your mother was killed? i don't care, because we are angry. you can understand in poor neighbourhoods like this one why so many zimbabweans are so frustrated, and why,
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when their new government tells them things are going to get even tougher before they get better, people are not inclined to be trusting or patient. and guess who's watching zimbabwe's agonies with particular interest? today, we heard that robert mugabe may even be hoping to intervene. he's very sad about the killings. he's very sad about the internal chaos that is in the country. and he's very worried that people are going hungry, that people are worse off than what they were in november 2017. as for the man beaten by soldiers, he's safe in a clinic now. his wounds likely to heal a lot faster than his country's. let's get some of the day's other news. the us supreme court has allowed president trump's ban on some transgender people serving in the military to take effect temporarily.
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judges ruled in favour of the government's request that the policy go ahead, while legal challenges are heard in lower courts. officials in the us plan to go ahead with a formal extradition request for the huawei executive meng wanzhou, who was arrested last month in canada. american prosecutors accuse her of helping the chinese telecoms giant evade sanctions on iran. for the first time, the european commission has stated explicitly that if the uk leaves the eu without an agreement, the so—called "no deal" brexit, it would mean a hard border on the island of ireland. the irish government has made it clear that is unacceptable, and it would require a separate arrangement with london to protect trade and the peace process. on day 32 of the government shutdown, hundreds of thousands of us federal workers are facing another week without a pay check. congress is back in washington, but despite president trump's offer of what he's called a compromise, there is no sign of negotiation.
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from airports to housing, a real pinch is being felt across the us. aleem maqbool went to see the impact in boston. from an airport in boston, they're trying to tell washington they're suffering. right now, our nation is being held hostage by our president. cheering. air traffic controllers and airport security officers are among hundreds of thousands who've gone unpaid. it started when donald trump demanded approval for billions of dollars for his border wall, and the democrats refused. no—one is budging. today, we are here to send a very simple message to washington. open our government and pay our people for the work they do. not far to the west is one of the many federal prisons where officers are working without pay. some of them voted for donald trump, but the shutdown doesn't discriminate. we might have some folks that see
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the border security issue exactly like the president, we'll have folks that don't, but what we all see together is that we're pawns in this game, that our livelihood is being used in a political game of chicken. who's going to cave first? we all feel like that. and the effects are being felt far beyond just workers not getting their salaries. other business has come to a halt because of the shutdown too. it's kind of scary. molly's worried her government—assisted rent won't be paid, and that she could soon be evicted because of the political deadlock. i'm very, very upset with all of them, all political spectrums of it. it is just tit—for—tat and enough is enough. you guys have a home, you guys have security, you are worth millions and millions of dollars. we have ha rd—working americans here that are doing the right thing and you guys are doing tit—for—tat and it's like your people's
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lives are in jeopardy. and molly is worried it all means her 86—year—old father who lives here will also become a victim of an increasingly far—reaching crisis. a short time ago, i spoke to brett bruen, who worked in the white house under the obama administration and i asked him if this shutdown was different. it is different in a lot of respects. certainly, the length is different, but also, the nature of the negotiations. i was in government during a 3—week shutdown, but there were real efforts on both sides, republicans and democrats, to find a solution. what we're seeing in this one is a lot of political feeder, but not anything taking place behind the curtain. and you must be in contact, still pretty close contact with colleagues, former colleagues still in government. how is it for them? it's incredibly hard. if you can imagine these are people
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who, for over a month, have not received a pay cheque. they still have to pay college tuition, to take care of family members, elderly parents, all of this is weighing on their mind, even as they're asked in some places to preserve, to protect the national security of the united states. it is problematic, both on a personal level, but also on a professional level. so, where do you see the possibilities for movement for compromise for an end to all this? first of all, how is it affecting mr trump's popularity? he seems to feel that his base just doesn't want him to cave, whatever else happens. i think he feels that some of the most vocal voices in his base to not want him to cave, but actually, polls in the last few days have shown cracks in the base. this is a base that has stuck with him through thick and thin and it has got to worry folks in the west wing that they're starting to see that erosion of support.
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that being said, i think the most likely solution here is that the republicans who control the senate are going to tell mitch mcconnell, the leader of their caucus there, we have re—elections, 22 of them, in 2020. we can't go much longer. our constituents are going to hold it against us. what then mr trump say, in effect, it was not me, it was the traditionalists in this party who caved in? he will blame the politicians, the establishment will say this is washington politics as usual, but he wanted to carry on. others caved and left him no choice. it gives him an out. right now he is showing no signs that he is ready to give up on his own. flights have been briefly disrupted at newark international airport in newjersey because two drones were spotted flying nearby. a pilot told air traffic control one of the drones came within 30 feet of his plane. newark is the 11th busiest in the us with 20 million passengers a year. there was major disruption over christmas at london's gatwick
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and heathrow airports where apparent drone sightings grounded hundreds of flights. the father of the football star emiliano sala has been reacting to news of his son's disappearance. the plane carrying his son vanished over the english channel late on monday night. a search for the missing plane is due to resume at first light. eliza philippidis reports. the 28—year—old striker was en route to his club debut at cardiff city when the plane lost radar contact with the channel island of guernsey. his father was first told that his son was missing by a local news channel who'd picked up the story. translation: the hours go by and i've been thinking the worst. i don't know. i spoke to him on sunday. he was very happy because he was going to a bigger club, which he liked. things were going well. he was playing well.
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and the news that this thing has happened. . .i don't know. there are no words to explain. rescue aircraft and boats searched more than 2,500 square kilometres of sea for the single—engine piper malibu on tuesday. guernsey police said a number of floating objects had been seen in the water, but they were unable to confirm whether any were from the missing aircraft. sala was signed by cardiff city in a record club deal of $19 million. forfans, this was potentially a turning point for the struggling club. we've just been relegated, he was going to keep us up, that's all we want is to stay up in the premiership. we needed a striker. he was the link. it'sjust unreal, you know, finding out that he was on that plane. it's notjust in wales that fans are in shock.
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thousands of supporters from his former club came to pay homage to a player who they say had become a very special part of their community. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: a special report from mali in north—west africa where climate change and conflict threaten millions of lives. donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it's going to be only america first — america first.
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throughout the tour. they called him 'the butcher of lyon'. klaus altmann is being held here on a fraud charge in bolivia, but the west germans want to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there, he was the gestapo chief, klaus barbie. millions came to bathe as close as possible to this spot, a tide of humanity that's believed by officials to have broken all records. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: as zimba bwe's brutal crackdown on protestors continues, the president has promised to investigate claims protestors were 'systematically tortured'. and the us government shutdown has gone into a second month, with some unpaid federal workers now forced to turn to foodbanks. climate change is already having an impact on many communities
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across the world struggling to cope with extreme and fluctuating weather conditions. the effects are being keenly felt in mali in north—west africa where droughts and floods have caused immense damage. our chief international correspondent, lyse doucet has travelled to the town of menaka, rarely visited byjournalists, to see the impact climate change is having on daily life there. the sahel, locked in a long war to hold back the desert. it's losing. and now, a new enemy, climate change, threatening the world's most vulnerable lands. mali fights on many fronts. un forces on the ground here, the world's most dangerous peacekeeping mission, often under attack by extremist groups, including al-qaeda and islamic state. this 63—year—old farmer has seen it
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all. a country of extremes now lurches from droughts to floods. last summer, there was more rain than anyone can remember. all his crops were washed away, his home flooded with water. a mud home full of cracks, after an explosion nearby. so what is the biggest enemy now? is it the conflict or the climate? translation: the conflict and the climate. everything is a problem here. mali has all the problems. and some families don't even have anything to eat. and for him, ten children to feed. life lived on the very edge, every generation more fragile than the last. these boys, forced to join armed groups. now this centre provides a refuge.
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translation: my family fled the violence. i stayed behind to take care of ouranimals, but there was no rain then, nothing for them to eat. the animals died, one after the other. i had no choice but to join a group with guns. the desert has always dominated life here. people have learned to live with that. but the power of climate change is changing everything, and making it much worse. poverty, extremism, and the conflicts over land and water people need just to survive. electric guitar and music. clapping. today, a call for help from the desert in mali. tuareg musicians belt out a big
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welcome to a visiting delegation, the president of the icrc, here to focus on this fight. it hasn't been on our radar screen. our natural genetics is that we look at arms, at armed actors, at conflict, maybe at underdevelopment, but we didn't look too much at the natural environment. now we see that climate change, changing rain patterns, changing livelihoods of people, is leading to conflicts amongst communities. almost all malians live off this land, their livestock, too. as temperatures rise, resources shrink and conflict grows, as time runs out in this largely forgotten corner of our world. lyse doucet, bbc news, northern mali. prince william has questioned why world leaders have taken so long to take action on climate change. he was speaking during an interview with sir david attenborough at a gathering of international leaders and businesss people in the swiss resort of davos.
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our diplomatic correspondent, james landale was there. davos — playground for the rich and conference hall for the powerful. but look who's also here, a first—time visitor come to discuss climate change. a future monarch interviewing a man seen bymanyl as broadcasting royalty. normally, i have to endure people asking me questions, so it's quite nice to turn the tables for once. and his subject — the global threat to the environment. how urgent is that crisis now? it's difficult to overstate it. the mechanisms that we have for destruction are so wholesale and so frightening that we can actually exterminate whole ecosystems without even noticing it. but note this — sir david wasn't the only one with a point to make. prince william is no longerjust talking about protecting wild animals. why do you think the world leaders and those in key
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positions of leadership, why do you think they've taken so long, and there have been quite a few faltering steps to act on environmental challenges? what advice do you have for my generation? every breath of air we take, every mouthful of food that we take, comes from the natural world, and that if we damage the natural world, we damage ourselves. turning specifically to the people in this room, what is your message to them? care for the natural world. treat it with a degree of respect and reverence. the future of the natural world is in our hands. we have never been more powerful, we can wreck it with ease. the question, of course, is whether this call to arms falls on deaf ears, because not everyone here is as concerned about climate change, and one of them just happens to be speaking here next, in exactly the same conference hall. the new president of brazil, jair bolsonaro, is sceptical
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about global warming and argued that growing his economy was as important as protecting the environment. many business leaders here say they do understand the threat of climate change, but now their words have to be matched by deeds. james landale, bbc news, davos. three men and a teenage boy in new york state have been charged with plotting an attack on a small muslim community. the suspects, aged between 16 and 20, are accused of planning to use explosives and firearms against islamberg — which was founded by a pakistani cleric in the 1980s. it's alleged they spent about a month planning the attack in delaware county. prosecutors in paris say chris brown has been released without charge. the singer had been detained and questioned on suspicion of rape. two other men arrested have also been released. the police say they're continuing their investigation. beefeaters at the tower of london are striking in a row over pensions.
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workers at the tower and at hampton court palace will not return until wednesday morning, after talks with historic royal palaces broke down. there were picket lines outside both sites throughout the day. historic royal palaces insisted the new penison was "generous". netflix has scored its first oscar nomination for the spanish language film 'roma' which is up for 10 awards. the royal—romp 'the favourite' is also up for 10 — as our arts editor, will gompertz, explains. did you just look at me? did you? look at me! look at me! how dare you! close your eyes! olivia colman giving what might well turn out to be an oscar—winning performance as a potty—mouthed queen anne in the favourite. alongside fellow british actress rachel weisz, who is shortlisted in the supporting actress category with co—star emma stone. i'm a servant. where would i get a horse? many of the scenes in the favourite were filmed here in the cartoon gallery at hampton court palace, which is now full of the costumes that featured in the film,
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including the one worn by olivia colman playing queen anne in her nightdress. now, queen anne also lived here in the early part of the 18th century when she was monarch, using this very space for her privy council meetings. the favourite has ten nominations, as does alfonso cuaron‘s roma, a memoir of his childhood growing up in mexico city. it gives streaming service netflix its first—ever best film nomination and, should cuaron win best director, a very public platform on which to give his opinion about president trump's proposed wall. diversity is a theme amongst this year's nominations. black panther, a film celebrating black culture, is the first superhero movie to be shortlisted for best picture. along with two films exploring racism in america — spike lee's blackkklansman, for which the director gets his first nomination in decades and green book, an interracial road movie whose stars mahershala ali and viggo mortensen are both nominated. you never win with violence, tony.
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you only win when you maintain your dignity. dignity always prevails. almost every single person has told me they like the way i sounded but they didn't like the way i look. i think you're beautiful. lady gaga is in with a shout for best actress for her performance in the eight—times nominated a star is born. but she's got some stiff competition, not only from olivia colman, but also glenn close who is on top form in the wife. quiet, please. and. . .action! so far, so diverse. although not so much behind the camera. there are no women, for example, recognised in either the best director or cinematography categories. a situation which many argue is caused by a lack of opportunity, not a lack of talent. will gompertz, bbc news. the academy awards take place on the 24th of february and you can get the full list of nominees on our website. you'll also find this article by our entertainment reporter neil smith on this year's shocks and curiosities. just head to bbc.com/news or download the bbc news app.
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finally a taiwanese artist carved three little pigs, teeny tiny pigs, on a grain of rice. it's to celebrate the lunar new year, this year being the year of the pig. each pig is! millimetre long. the artist says the tiny pigs are to remind children 'to do things in a practical manner and to do everything they do with care". a reminder of our top story: in zimbabwe, president emmerson mnangagwa's call for national dialogue has failed to stop what the opposition describes as terror inflicted by the army. one victim told the bbc that he and about 30 others had been badly beaten by soldiers. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter — i'm @bbc mike embley.
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after yesterday's rain, sleet and snow, it has left a legacy of ice and we will have further wintry showers this morning. watch out for the icy stretches this morning likely to cause some disruption. stay tuned to the local radio station for the updates. you can see the blue hue, it will be bitterly cold out there to start the morning but at least dry for many of us with some sunshine. however, further wintry showers returning back into the far south—east corner, could see a couple of centimetres of snow in 12 spots. watch up this and watch at the widespread ice and freezing mist and fog patches. a few wintry showers in the west as well. summer through the cheshire gap gap into the west midlands. —— into the wood —— midlands. very cold start. but, we should have plenty of sunshine
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around to compensate wants the mist and fog tends to clear away and the showers become fewer and far between. many places should be dry. however, temperature wise, they will struggle. 3—5d for many full stop we could see seven or eight across the far south—west of england. as we head into thursday, we will see the next weather front in the atlantic and that will introduce cloud and showery rain. more bursts of rain at head of it. england and wales. some of it could bring sleet and snow. many places should be dry with variable cloud and also good spells of sunshine away from the west. and then for friday, this would find spread slowly across the country. it isa spread slowly across the country. it is a warm front and as the name suggests, it will introduce something slightly warmer. we will see them mild and living in the atla ntic see them mild and living in the atlantic but it will be short lift it was the cold air makes a return to our shores during the course of the weekend. the friday, because of this warm front, it really will be
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quite cloudy for many of us. outbreaks of patchy showery rain spreading in from south to east. it will be quite easy as well but on the plus side, if you like it, it will be milder. a 7—9d and maybe ten 01’ will be milder. a 7—9d and maybe ten or 11 across western areas but like i mentioned, it will be short lift and turned colder again into the weekend. some rain on saturday with the best of the sunshine on sunday. the latest headlines for you now from bbc news:
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zimbabwe's human rights commission has accused soldiers and police of the systematic torture of civilians, using brute, excessive and disproportionate force causing avoidable loss of life. president emmerson mnangagwa has promised to investigate. he said heads would roll if he finds any wrongdoing by security forces. the partial us government shutdown has gone into a second month, with no signs of republicans and democrats breaking the deadlock. hundreds of thousands of federal workers are facing another week without pay, with some forced to turn to foodbanks. sir david attenborough has warned business leaders in davos it is difficult to overstate the threat facing the environment. in an interview with prince william, the naturalist said human beings are so powerful they can exterminate whole ecosystems without noticing. you are up to date on the headlines.
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now on bbc news, panorama. tonight on panorama, we ask, how could hundreds of patients be killed in one small british hospital? itjust got worse and worse, and i said "actually you're murdering him, aren't you." all these people had their lives shortened in a place they went to get help. she didn't deserve that. she wasn't ready to go. she was a fun—loving lady. we hear from those who tried to stop the killing. what did i miss out in trying to convince the police, this was a case you have got to look into seriously. mr millett, hi. for the first time, we try to call people to account.

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