i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore, the headlines: venezuela's nicolas maduro accuses donald trump of trying to overthrow him — as the us ramps up its calls for him to go. the us senate votes down two proposals to end the government shutdown — donald trump says he's willing to consider any deal the republicans and democrats can agree. it depends what the agreement is. but i have a reasonable agreement, i would support it. —— if they have a reasonable agreement. i'm kasia madera in london. also in the programme. warmer weather means a less salty sea in the arctic — we'll explain why that's got climate scientists worried. and the boat that means these students in the philippines no longer have to swim to school. live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning.
it's 8 am in singapore, midnight in london and 7 pm in washington where the us secretary of state mike pompeo has described the government of venezuela's president nicolas maduro as "illegitimate" and "undemocratic to the core." he's urged latin american governments to recognize the head of venezuela's opposition as interim president instead. juan guaido declared himself acting leader on wednesday during widespread anti—government protests in caracas. russia's president vladimir putin expressed his support — calling for peaceful dialogue in the country. our north america editor jon sopel has this report. last night in caracas, and, much like a lot of recent nights in the venezuelan capital, gunfire, violence, protests against the government. oil—rich country collapses.
but there was one crucial difference. it came after mass rallies as the leader of the national assembly, 35—year—old juan guaido, declared himself the interim president as thousands took to the streets — a move that brought immediate backing from the americans and demands that nicolas maduro, who has presided over venezuela's economic collapse, steps aside. the regime of former president nicolas maduro is illegitimate. his regime is morally bankrupt. it is economically incompetent and it is profoundly corrupt. in light of these facts, we call on venezuela's security forces to ensure the protection of interim president guaido‘s physical integrity and his safety. a number of other latin american countries have followed suit, so too canada. and britain as well, with the foreign secretary in washington today. this regime has done untold damage to the people of venezuela. 10% of that population
have left venezuela, such is the misery they are suffering. but in venezuela, defiance from the president. translation: there is no doubt in the world that donald trump himself wants to impose a de facto government, unconstitutional, a coup d'etat in venezuela against the people and democracy. there is no doubt. russia, a long—standing ally and supplier of weaponry and economic assistance to the venezuelan government, has warned of the dire consequences if the us intervened. translation: it is another flagrant interference into international affairs of a sovereign state. as you know that have been several attempts to oust maduro from power, including attempts of his physical liquidation. the president's national security advisor was asked why single out venezuela when there are plenty of other brutal dictators that donald trump doesn't do anything about. the answer came that america has a responsibility,
it is in their hemisphere and it is an issue that donald trump cares deeply about. new sanctions will be targeted at venezuela's oil industry. donald trump says no option is off the table, including a military one. he has made his statement of intent. the world now watches to see how america's commander in chief follows through. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. the us senate has rejected two bills to end the government shutdown, leaving no end in sight to the record—breaking closure of federal agencies. president trump has been speaking to reporters this is what he said when asked if he would support a bi—partisan agreement to end the longest shutdown in us history. it depends what the agreement is. if they come to a reasonable agreement
i would support it. our washington correspondent, chris buckler, says the clinching point is going to be what's seen as reasonable by all sides. it is the keyword, reasonable. as far as the president is concerned, if it does not involve money for the border wall then fundamentally he is not going to support it. he has spent much of the time speaking to reporters saying over and over again why a wall was it in his opinion so important. putting out the idea that it would prevent crime, stop drugs, stop gangs, stop all these problems for america. at the same time, however, democrats are saving but they are not going to give the $5 billion needed to build this wall. that is what the president is asking for and continues to ask for as the shutdown continues. and although he is saving that he would support a
reasonable agreement, it does indicate that democrats and republicans may start to have conversations about getting around this problem. there is, however, a fundamental issue that he wants money for the wall, democrats will not give it, and until you try to square that circle and find a kind of compromise, you will have no end to the shutdown. at the moment i just do not see a compromise. to the shutdown. at the moment i just do not see a compromisem to the shutdown. at the moment i just do not see a compromise. it is an incredible situation. federal workers are going to food banks and another paycheque not arriving on friday. is this bird —— are we on the verge of a national emergency? that is an interesting line because there are some suggesting at the moment to try and get around this, cnn, for example, reports that the white house is the gain looking at the idea of declaring a national emergency. the white house may consider trying to do that in order to put money on from that direction, to put money on from that direction, to get around the whole idea that you need to have congress paid to the wall. that is something that has
been discussed but it is something that the white house has, to this point, not been wanting to do. again it has talked about it but it gives you an indication that from the point of view of the white house, and this is true across the political spectrum, there is increasing concern that somebody is going to get the blame for the shutdown. also making news today, india has successfully launched the world's lightest satellite. the microsat—r blasted off fromt the satish dhawan space centre at the end of a 28—hour countdown. the 44 metre tall satellite, which was designed and made by students of a space education firm, was injected into orbit precisely 13 minutes and 30 seconds later. it's hoped the satellite will help resolve the problem of space junk. supporters of the former governor of the indonesian capital jakarta gathered to see his early release from his jail term for blasphemy. basuki tjahaja purnama, known as ahok, is a christian and was jakarta's first non—muslim governor in 50 years. but he was convicted of blasphemy
in 2017 in a case seen as a test of religious tolerance in the muslim—majority country. authorities have ended the search for the missing plane carrying the new cardiff city footballer, emiliano sala, saying the "the chances of survival at this stage, are extremely remote". sala and pilot david ibbotson, were in the plane that vanished from radar on monday. his sister has made an emotional plea. translation: i'm asking you, please, don't stop looking for them. it has been three days and i still have hope they are alive. the former scottish first minister alex salmond has appeared in court charged with attempted rape and sexual assault. he faced a total of 14 charges at edinburgh sheriff court, also including breach of the peace and indecent assault. and was released on bail. outside court, mr salmond said he was "innocent of any criminality" and added that he would defend
himself "to the utmost". malaysia has elected sultan abdullah of pahang as its new king after the shock abdication of the previous monarch. the previous king — sultan muhammad the fifth of kelantan — abdicated injanuary afterjust two years on the throne, a first in malaysian history. under the country's constitution, the topjob rotates between nine hereditary state rulers every five years. and the doomsday clock — which suggests how close the world is to catastrophic disaster — has now spent longer at its most perilous position on record than ever before. the atomic scientists who control it say it remains at two minutes to midnight. chinese telecoms giant huawei wants to become the world's
largest seller of smartphones this year after record sales in 2018. but despite global concern over links to the chinese government and spying accusations, the company claims it's free from political influence. our china correspondent john sudworth reports from beijing. huawei were showing off that new five gene network technology. —— five gene network technology. —— five g. but something else was on display. sheer ambition. company aims to be the world ‘s biggest smart phone vendor by next year and the latest. translation: be consumer sales have taught us the biggest revenue source for huawei. for the first time, the sale of our smart phones exceeded 200 million units.
of course, huawei's success depends, ultimately, on it winning the trust of governance and consumers. so it is remarkable, perhaps, there has been not one mention from this stage of the huge political storm the company now finds itself in the middle of. amid mounting concern that huawei's overseas networks may be used by china for spying, the company's be used by china for spying, the compa ny‘s cfo and be used by china for spying, the company's cfo and daughter of the founder, ms meng was arrested in canada last month. china says the us extradition request over allegations of breaching sanctions on the run is politically motivated. the same charge, however, is level that china for its subsequent detention of two canadian systems at an academic and a businessman. journalists were
allowed to speak to a senior huawei executive but not on camera. even then, the company was hardly forthcoming. i asked whether its insistence that it is independent of the chinese government, if that was being undermined by the vocal and forthright diplomacy on its behalf, as well as the detention of two canadian citizens here, no comment, was the reply. huawei was putting a brave face on it today. the message, business as usual. the political question, however, they are unlikely to go away. climate change is redrawing the map of the arctic, according to a warning by scientists meeting in norway. in what researchers claim is the first sign of a major modern climatic shift, they say the barents sea, which has been part of the arctic ocean for 12,000 years, is being swallowed by the atlantic. from the norwegian arctic, our environment analyst roger harrabin reports. sea ice, formed in the high arctic.
it helps create a cold, fresh surface layer that acts as a cap on warm, saltier waters beneath. but with climate change, there is less sea ice getting to norway's barents sea. the north barents sea has been dominated for 12,000 years by sea ice flowing down from the high arctic. but now, that flow is diminishing and the character of the sea is changing fast. soon, researchers say, the region will have no sea ice at all, so it will no longer be part of the arctic. it had an arctic type of climate for the last 12,000 years. we are probably witnessing the first modern example of a rapid climate shift event where the arctic shrinks in response to global warming. scientists say the barents sea could effectively become part of the atlantic in as little as a decade. let's imagine this is the north barents sea.
this blue layer here represents the cold, fresh water flowing in from the high arctic. it is forming a cap on this layer of clear, warmer, saltier water coming in from the atlantic. but now the high arctic is changing, look what's happening. we are going to use this to give you a very simplistic demonstration. that, in a sense, is what's happening. and it is having a profound effect. research from ships over 50 years in the barents sea shows that the cold surface layer has been steadily mixing with the warmer layer beneath. the more it mixes, the warmer it gets. and the warmer it gets, the more it mixes. but what does the warming mean for creatures that live in the barents sea? lisjorgensen says species like this brittle star could struggle to survive in warmer waters. these creatures may also be
sensitive to warmth. it is a snail giving a piggy back to an anemone. this sea slug loves cold water, too. so does this remarkable squid. if too many species are lost to the ecosystem, no—one knows what will happen. everything is depending on each other. so if you pop the ecosystem in one place, there will be a cascade of effect all through the ecosystem. this is a special part of the world where the sun is just returning after a two—month absence. the profound changes here may be influencing the uk's weather. scientists can't be sure yet. but they say they are struggling to keep up with the human impact on the planet. roger harrabin, bbc news, in the norwegian arctic. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: we'll talk to the charity fundraisers who were so alarmed to find out some children in the philippines had to swim
to school, they bought them a boat. also ahead: we meet the health workers putting their own lives at risk as they try to tackle polio in pakistan. the shuttle challenger exploded soon after liftoff. there were seven astronauts on board, one of them a woman school teacher, all of them are believed to have been killed. woman school teacher, all of them are believed to have been killedm the evening korea square, the heart of official cairo, was in the hands of official cairo, was in the hands of the demonstrators. they were using the word revolution. the earthquake singled out buildings
and brought them down in seconds. tonight the search for any survivors has an increasing desperation about it as the hours passed. the new government is firmly in control of the entire republic of uganda. moscow got its first taste of western fast food is mcdonald's opens their biggest restaurant in pushkin square with hundreds of muscovites queueing up today in not finding a cheap with a big mac costing half a day's wages to the average russian. —— for the average russian. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: venezuela's president nicolas maduro has accused the us of trying to stage a coup in his country. donald trump says he would consider any "reasonable" deal drawn up by the republicans and democrats to bring the shutdown to an end. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world.
the japan times reports that noodle maker nissin has pulled adverts featuring tennis star naomi osaka. the company had been criticised for "whitewashing" the haitian—japanese player in a cartoon. the south china morning post has the story of an elderly man who was swindled out of us$74 million. 1a people have been arrested over hong kong's biggest ever bullion trading scam. and the international edition of the new york times has the details of how the french president is overcoming the yellow vest crisis. it says mr macron has held meetings in small towns around the country, which have lasted as long as seven hours. that brings you up to date with some
of the papers. the authorities in pakistan have begun a mass polio vaccination campaign, aiming to reach over 30 million children. this year, officials are hoping to end transmission of the disease in the country. pakistan and afghanistan are the only two places left in the world where new cases of wild polio are still being reported. the disease most commonly affects children and can lead to severe limb paralysis. secunder kermani reports. two small drops which could help prevent a devastating disease. 260,000 polio workers are going door to door vaccinating children across pakistan this week. the open sewers in this poor neighbourhood are exactly the kind of environment the virus can be found. police escort accompany the teams, dozens of polio workers have been killed by
militants opposed to the vaccine in recent yea rs. militants opposed to the vaccine in recent years. translation: in 2012 and 13 so many people were killed. we were told if it continued working, it would be at our own risk. i carried on. death and life are in the hands of a laugh. nothing things are much better. resistance to the vaccine is centred on rumours it isa to the vaccine is centred on rumours it is a western conspiracy to hard not to harm children, misinformation is now spread through videos like this on social media. and a small minority still refuse immunisation. translation: these children are so naughty. they say it is because of the vaccine. asked if he knew about the vaccine. asked if he knew about the dangers of polio. if that happens, it is our problem, we will deal with it. happens, it is our problem, we will dealwith it. to happens, it is our problem, we will deal with it. to change happens, it is our problem, we will dealwith it. to change his happens, it is our problem, we will deal with it. to change his mind a tea m deal with it. to change his mind a team member shows him a religious decree on the vaccine. he agrees to discuss it with his family.
improvements in campaigning and security in pakistani men for over 300 polio cases in 2014, the number fell to 12 last year. authorities here are now able to protect the vast majority of children and are hoping this year can be the first in which no new cases of polio are reported. at one of the biggest challenges in achieving that, particularly in areas like this close to the border, is vaccinating children moving between pakistan and afghanistan, where rising insecurity is making it harder to reach vulnerable families. the head of the world health organization told me the situation in afghanistan is alarming. there are areas that are not accessible in more than 800,000 people, children, are not covered. and all players, it including the taliban, have to be involved. to
mobilise the community. and make sure that no child is missed. back in the village, these squalid conditions desperately need improving if the children here are to have a chance of a healthy life. but it is hoped at least in the fight against polio, progress can continue. secunder kermani, bbc news. in 2010, jay haboneta found out that children in his home region in the philippines had to swim to school. so he and his friends started a charity and raised money to build them a boat to school. now, they're helping 130 communities around the country. jay came in to our studio a little earlier and told us how the whole project got off the ground. the yellow boat of hope foundation started in 2010 when i first found that there were children who had to swim to school and, you know, coming
out of the city i felt disturbed and inspired by their stories i shared it my inspired by their stories i shared it i my facebook account inspired by their stories i shared it. my facebook account and inspired by their stories i shared it i my facebook account and the it on my facebook account and the next day to my surprise " ' it on my facebook account and the next day to my surprise a = it on my facebook account and the next day to my surprise a lot = it on my facebook account and the next day to my surprise a lot of e it on my facebook account and the next day to my surprise a lot of my friends started commenting how can we help? a lot of them, one in particular, he immediately pledged $100. and that jumpstarted particular, he immediately pledged $100. and thatjumpstarted the fundraising campaign and then within a week we had close to $2000 and thatis a week we had close to $2000 and that is when we created a group and brainstormed ideas and we came up with the idea of the yellow boat which is like a yellow school bus on water because the mission of the organisation, of our organisation, was to bring kids from their homes and bring them to school and vice—versa. and bring them to school and vice-versa. it's extraordinary that someone vice-versa. it's extraordinary that someone like yourself, your background was in sales and marketing, that you could take an initiative and help the kids because the idea of kids having to swim to school to put themselves in danger every day just to school to put themselves in danger every dayjust to be educated is shocking. tell us about some of the
challenges you encountered in starting something like this. the philippines is composed of more than 7000 violent so that is why a situation like this where kids have to swim to school exists and it is so hard to get the news or get the information to the right hands. —— 7000 islands. social media in this case really helped, facebook in particular. i always said is that facebook, a single facebook status can make a difference, and that is oui’ can make a difference, and that is our story. i posted it, i shared it, and so the biggest challenge was for me, the community knew they needed a boat but it was like getting the funds to be able to build or buy a boat that was the challenge. funds to be able to build or buy a boat that was the challengem boat that was the challenge. it was essentially thanks to social media that you are able to get the message out there in a way that i suppose had not been done with charities like yours in the past, serving remote communities. you are now in
130 communities? since the philippines is an island nation we have so many islands and initially, i thought this story of the swimming kids was unique to my city but after the story came out about us helping there, we found another community and another and another and grew from there. so i could say at this point, 80% of our work is around boats but also we build dormitories and classrooms. but with jay from yellow boat of hope foundation. —— that was. you have been watching newsday. what a brilliant story! i'm kasia madera in london. thank you for watching. goodbye. hello there. today is the day
weather has turned significantly milder. looking at the kind of temperatures we have thursday, low single figures fairly widely, but this afternoon we will see temperatures pushing into double figures and for some, it will be a jump figures and for some, it will be a jump in temperatures of 10 celsius, perhaps even more in one or two places and the only thing that has the power to lift temperatures so quickly so far at this time of year isa quickly so far at this time of year is a warm front, and there it is pushing eastwards. along with the warmer air that will be coming with the warm front, we will see extensive cloud, low cloud with mist and fog patches around, particularly across eastern england and the coast and hills in the west as conditions continue to get a bit more mild. through friday morning, and lot of cloud around, a little bit of light, patchy rain pushing its way is to it. across eastern england. followed by extensive cloud with some bits and pieces of light rain and drizzle around the western coast and hills, wetter weather into western scotland and perhaps at times into northwest england. the far north of scotland,
call which there but central and southern scotland, northern ireland, england and wales have a mild afternoon, temperatures into double figures. those mild conditions will continue through friday night and into the early hours of saturday as well but rain will start to move in and stone heavier across northern scotla nd and stone heavier across northern scotland site of a cold night, for most of us temperatures 7— nine celsius. it will be a mild start to the weekend. we are in a warm sector to saturday, behind the cold front, a lot of cloud around once again, westerly breeze and through the day westerly breeze and through the day we will see the cloud thickening in the west to bring outbreaks of rain into northern ireland and the rain at its heaviest in western scotland, hobbling not a bad thing that we see it because january has been very dry. in other mild day than with temperatures typically around 8— 11 celsius or so but it is turning colder across the far north of scotland. through the second half of the weekend, as the low pressure
pushes eastwards, we start to draw down the winds from the arctic is it will be really quite chilly, particularly across western areas where we will have gales and severe gales ringing in plenty of showers which will turn increasingly wintry across the hills in scotland, potentially also down to lower levels late in the day. outbreak of rain will continue to affect eastern coast of england, parts of scotland, soa coast of england, parts of scotland, so a blustery kind of day and is turning noticeably cooler, temperatures in the north for degrees or so. that is the latest weather. goodbye for now. i'm kasia madera with bbc news. our top story: nicolas maduro has accused the us of trying to stage a coup in venezuela. he reacted to washington's support for the opposition by breaking all diplomatic links with america. the us says mr maduro is corrupt and illegitimat and called on him to step down peacefully. donald trump says he would consider any reasonable deal drawn up by the republicans and democrats to bring the shutdown to an end.
earlier, the senate rejected two new proposals. mr trump is still insisting on funding for his mexican border wall. and this story is trending on bbc.com: the doomsday clock which suggests how close the world is to catastrophic disaster — remains at two minutes to midnight. the committee that runs it have kept it at the most perilous position on record for more than a year. that's all. stay with bbc news. now on bbc news it's hardtalk. stephen sackur speaks to john mcdonnell, labour's