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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 2, 2019 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is reged ahmad. our top stories: a wave of toxic destruction — dramatic new footage shows the moment a dam collapsed in brazil. at least 110 people are dead and more than 200 still missing. the question that everyone here isjust stunned by is how, in a big, modern, growing economy, this could ever have been allowed to happen. russia condemns america's decision to pull out of a nuclear disarmament treaty signed during the cold war. the us says moscow's new cruise missile violates the terms we have a special report from venezuela, where opponents of nicholas maduro say they've been detained and tortured in the past few days. facebook loses two of its key fact—checking partners, prompting questions about how committed it is to rooting out fake news. dramatic pictures have emerged
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of the moment a dam burst in brazil, releasing millions of tonnes of mining waste that engulfed nearby buildings. at least 110 people are now known to have died in the disaster, which happened in the state of minas gerias last month. at least two hundred are still missing. our science editor, david shukman reports from the site of the dam, in the south east of brazil. first, a long cloud of dust, then a nightmare vision of an unrelenting torrent of sludge, the waste from decades of mining racing towards hundreds of unsuspecting people down below. the catastrophe unfolded a week ago, but only now has this video come to light, adding to the sense of loss and of outrage. and difficult for you.
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this red cross volunteer, henato silveira, leads me to the edge of the disaster zone. seis corpos. six bodies. he alone has found six bodies. any hope of reaching survivors in this endless sea of mud was quickly dashed. emergency workers are now scouting for any signs of bodies from the air, and they are picking their way over this horrific landscape. we spotted this search team with a sniffer dog in the distance. by the time the wall of mud reached this point, it had already overwhelmed the cafeteria where the miners were having lunch and destroyed the offices of the mine itself, before arriving here, tearing through a hotel and holiday chalets, before surging on over that ridge in the distance and down into the valley beyond, where it caused yet more destruction. and the question that everyone here isjust stunned by is how, in a big, modern, growing economy, this could ever have been allowed to happen.
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investigators are now on the scene. the dam holding back the waste was owned by one of the world's largest mining companies. it was inspected only last year. we find a local man, leandro gil, praying for friends lost in the mud. "unfortu nately", he says, "someone just thought about himself. he didn't protect the dam properly. so, after years and years, that's now been revealed." a special mass, seven days since the disaster. there is grief and anger, and the demand for answers will only grow. david shukman, bbc news, in brazil. for more on the situation in brazil head to the bbc news website. we're asking the question, how do you get rid of tonnes of toxic waste? find the answer by going to bbc.com/news and then follow the links. could the world be on the verge of a new nuclear arms race
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between the us and russia? that's the question being asked, after the us suspended a landmark deal, which has been in force for more than three decades. it's accusing russia of breaking it — something russia denies. the agreement in question outlaws the use of intermediate range nuclear missiles stationed on land. laura westbrook reports. in 1987, us president ronald reagan and soviet leader mikhail gorbachev signed the intermediate—range nuclear forces treaty. it led to hundreds of missiles in both countries being destroyed. three decades later, the us secretary of state made this announcement. russia has jeopardised the united states‘ security interests, and we can no longer be restricted by the treaty while russia shamelessly violates it. nato agrees with the decision by the united states. we continue to call on russia to come back into compliance in a verifiable way,
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because we don't want a new arms race. this wasn't unexpected. for years, america has been consigned about russia's testing and deployment of a cruise missile that it says breaches the inf treaty. there's concerns other countries, including china, aren't tied by the accord. for now, the treaty is suspended. the us could pull out formally in six months, but gave russia a final chance to save the deal. i hope that we're able to get everybody in a very big and beautiful room, and do a new treaty that would be much better, but — because certainly i'd like to see that. for its part, the kremlin says this was a political decision. russia denies the missile in question is in violation of the treaty. this was iran's response. the foreign minister tweeted. .. this was the image that let the world know the cold war
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was coming to an end. 30 years later, many are concerned about the future of nuclear arms control. laura westbrook, bbc news. dr michael carpenter is former us deputy assistant secretary of defense and he was also director for russia at the us national security council in the obama administration. he's in washington. thank you for your time. it is at this treaty is now dead? and if so, why now? for all intents and purposes it is dead. it was inevitable that at some point the us would withdraw from the treaty because of russia ‘s cheating, essentially. the operational deployment of the treaty prohibited
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these missiles. the important question is what you raise. why now? there is not a good answer. the us should frankly have waited until it was ready with its own nuclear missal withdrawal from the treaty. the tripe administration is now saying it is going to be withdrawing and no reason to do so. it leads some to question whether in fact the us is the one being dishonest with the international community as opposed to russia who is in fact cheating and therefore necessitates this. and it perhaps any change in russia ‘s side, hasn't the us also violated this treaty in the past? no, the us has not violated this treaty. the treaty has been held
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largely intact until three or four yea rs largely intact until three or four years ago with the development of this russian missile which has a range of between 505,000 kilometres which is the prescribed range. the russians are the one who violated it. we have good intelligence we share with our allies. but again, the precipitous withdrawal raises questions as to why the us needed to do this. white didn't give more time for negotiations? why haven't we waited until we were ready with our own missile? looking like a full guide to a large part of our allies friends and partners. it is a good question. what do you think is really going on? i think the trump administration wanted to prove it was going to be tough. i think a lot of people in this administration did not believe in arms control so they
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saw this as a way to telegraph that to their base, that we were withdrawing from the treaty and not allow the russians to play us for fools and stand up to them. those sort of considerations played into this but, as a strategic choice, it isa this but, as a strategic choice, it is a very poor one. thank you very much for the analysis. two of the companies brought in by facebook to sift out fake news say they're pulling out of the deal. snopes, one of more than 30 fact—checking operations working with facebook, pulled out earlier on friday and the associated press has also now confirmed to the bbc that it too has ended its deal. our technology correspondent, dave lee, has this report from san francisco. snopes is seen as one of the leading fact—checking organisations on the internet, and so for them to be pulling out of this deal in the way they have is pretty
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embarrassing for facebook, and could harm the view that it's trying to nurture, that it's trying to get on top of its misinformation problems. they have been suggestions the company have not ruled out working if the terms were change. facebook said it valued contribution of snopes, that it has 30 fact checking operations in the world and that is taking the situation seriously. let's get some of the day's other news: the court of arbitration for sport has banned 12 russian athletes for doping. they include the london olympics highjump gold medallist ivan uskov and svetlana shkolina, who won gold at the 2013 world championships. both were given four year bans. the americans who won silver will inherit the gold. the offences of all twelve athletes date back to those sporting events. it's feared the death toll linked to the us deep freeze may rise.
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at least 21 people have died during the cold snap. temperatures fell to —30 degrees celsius in places like chicago. with with more milder conditions forecast, emergency services say melting ice and snow could increase the chance of flooding and mudslides. venezuela's opposition leader juan guaido is calling for the biggest mass protests in the nation's history this weekend as he tries to force president nicholas maduro from power. the opposition are demanding new elections, to end the political and economic chaos engulfing the country. human rights lawyers have told the bbc there's been a wave of political arrests, with almost 1000 people detained in recent days. the government denies it tortures prisoners. but our international correspondent 0rla guerin has heard a harrowing account from one women, who says she was beaten and abused. you may find some of 0rla's report upsetting. under darkened skies, caracas waits.
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some here hoping for a modern—day liberator to replace president nicolas maduro. but those who dare to oppose him can expect to pay a price. almost 1,000 people have been detained in the past 10 days. we're on our way now to meet one of them. she's a young woman who we can't identify for her own safety. she's just been released and she has a harrowing story to tell. she says she was held in this building, the headquarters of the military police. they interrogated her about a relative, a military officer suspected of plotting against the president. translation: they tortured me. they put a plastic bag over my face and choked me. then they put my head in a bucket
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of water to try to drown me. i fainted and they beat me, to wake me up. they put a gun in my mouth and cocked it. they said they wanted answers fast, and that they loved to see people suffer. their boss told them all to rape me. they lifted my shirt and took off my bra and they touched me. did you think that you might be killed? translation: yes, because they were constantly saying it. they said they were going to kill me and throw me in the river. they said, "we are the government "and nobody can do anything against the government". and leading human rights lawyer alfredo romero says venezuela's government is in overdrive, trying to silence dissent. now we can talk also about generalised persecution,
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generalised detentions. that they detained anyone in order to intimidate people and produce what they are producing, this fear of protesting. and that's what is going on. but some, like federica romer, a politics student, are determined to keep up the fight. she says being a mother to 6—month—old carlota means she has to protest. this is for her, you know? this is for her. before i had her, ifelt invincible and i did not care. and now that i have her, of course, i'm scared to go out. i'm terrified. but this is absolutely for her, you know? ‘cause she is the next generation of this country. they are the ones who are going to hold this country up. federica is preparing to go back out on the streets tomorrow at a mass demonstration called by the opposition,
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gas mask at the ready. 0rla guerin, bbc news, caracas. you can get more on the situation in venezuela on our website. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: another democrat jumps into the presidential race. senator cory booker is trying to convince voters that he's the right candidate to take on president trump. this is the moment that millions in iran had been waiting for. after his long years in exile, the first hesitant steps of ayatollah khomeini on iranian soil. south africa's white government has offered its black opponents concessions unparalleled in the history of apartheid. and the anc leader, nelson mandela, is to be set free unconditionally. ..four, three, two, one... a countdown to a critical moment. the world's most powerful
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rocket ignited all 27 of its engines at once. and, apart from its power, it's this recycling of the rocket, slashing the cost of a launch, that makes this a breakthrough in the business of space travel. two americans have become the first humans to walk in space without any lifeline to their spaceship. one of them called it a piece of cake. thousands of people have given the yachtswoman ellen macarthur a spectacular homecoming in the cornish port of falmouth, after she smashed the world record for sailing solo around the world non—stop. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: dramatic new footage has emerged, showing the moment a dam collapsed in brazil. at least 110 people are confirmed dead. the united states suspends a major cold war arms agreement with russia, saying it's violated the treaty with a new missile system.
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the democratic field to take on president trump in the 2020 elections is getting more crowded by the day. the latest entry is senator cory booker from newjersey. he's the fourth senator on the current list of candidates, and the second african—american. booker is hoping a message of optimism and unity will set him apart. jane 0'brien reports. voiceover: in america, we have a common pain. but what we are lacking is a sense of common purpose. cory booker, the charismatic senatorfrom newjersey, has been positioning himself for a presidential bid for some time. and like many of his rivals, his official declaration has come early. he portrays himself as somebody who can bridge america's political, racial and economic divides, making his formal pitch outside his home in a low—income neighbourhood. i believe in the american people, i think they will look to the democratic party for leadership, i believe we are going to consolidate
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this country against the politics of hate, politics of division. in a crowded field that now includes four senators, name recognition is key. the candidates must also make clear their differences. i imagine that the crowded democratic field of presidential aspirants will be attacking each other‘s records or lack thereof, so we will be sitting back with copious bowls of popcorn watching that. but booker, who has made civil rights and racial injustice the cornerstone of his political career, shows no sign of mudslinging. at least not yet. how is my hair? is there anything hanging out of my nose? that is a real friend who tells you the truth. that is booker with senator kirsten gillibrand, one of the record number of women throwing their hat into the ring, and one of the first to congratulate him. i am cory booker, one of kirsten gillibrand's best friends in washington. and there are the three bs — beto 0'rourke, joe biden, and bernie sanders. the former vice president has yet to declare that he is the 800—pound
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gorilla in the room. he is known, he is liked, and he is moderate. and in a showdown with donald trump that might give him the edge. new research out of stanford and new york university takes a look at what happens when people step back from facebook for a month. the study, entitled the welfare effects of social media, finds that disengaging from the social networking site leads to lower online activity, reduced knowledge of current events and ‘small but significant improvements in wellbeing'. jaron lanier is a computer scientist and silicon valley insider. he‘s also the author of "ten arguments for deleting your social media accounts right now". thank you for your time, even the title of your book i would be interested to know what you made of this study? it appears to be well done study,
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and the results are consistent with other research, although they are so few new questions that have not been studied this formally before. the picture that has emerged is that when people leave social media as it is, meaning the existing social media companies like facebook, they experience benefits. a really interesting thing in this study is that their particular population found itself less well informed after they quit, but i would tribute that are not having ultimate skills we re that are not having ultimate skills were being informed. there are other studies showing people becoming that are informed after leaving the current social media environment. another wonderful thing about the study is they documented the positive effects which are intrinsic to the internet, that people also gained the social benefits that are obviously present, which we know intuitively, in this case is shown. it highlights the tragedy that something that should he so intrinsically beneficial has this added layer of negativity on it,
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because of the nature of the current commercial companies that control social media. and itjust reinforces i think the argument that we need to have changes. we are hearing more and more about the negatives of social media, specifically with facebook so, given what has come out of this study, can facebook change? is it possible for those negative element to be negated somehow? you know... iam element to be negated somehow? you know... i am absolutely convinced that facebook can change its business model and become more like netflix, where those who can afford to pay it, you get ptv with net flicks, it you get peak social media with facebook. just because i am convinced does not mean mr zuckerberg is convinced. facebook is an entirely unusual corporation in that it really is controlled by a single person. he has the majority of the voting stock. it is barely a
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corporation according to our usual understanding, it is one person. and that gives me optimism, i believe he will come to see the light, that he can have an excellent business, be a better business that is also better for the world, if he gets rid of this massive manipulation machine which is currently the way they make money. when you run a business, every penny you make is because somebody thought they could manipulate someone else. 0f somebody thought they could manipulate someone else. of course what you will get is a twisted mess. when you run a business for people who paper what they get, you get capitalism, and can cripple as capitalism, and can cripple as capitalism, —— criticise capitalism, but it is not as twisty and screwy as the current advertising model is. are some of the criticisms of facebook a little bit unfair? surely if you use it in moderation, like with everything else, you get the benefits, you are able to stay connected, you are able to organise your social life, but not wholly live within the app?|j
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your social life, but not wholly live within the app? i think the best and certain outcomes from facebook‘s own researchers, who have published peer—reviewed papers where they proved they could make people sad deliberately without the people being aware of it. that latter part is the key. it is really not humanly possible to be aware of what is being done to you when you are engaging four hours a day with this system, that is solely making money by manipulating you. people get tricky, it gets more and more sophisticated. if it were possible to be aware of what is being done to you that i would agree with that completely. you that i would agree with that com pletely. u nfortu nately you that i would agree with that completely. unfortunately it has proven to not be possible, thus we must criticise facebook.|j proven to not be possible, thus we must criticise facebook. i am sure the debate goes on, thank you very much for your time. it‘s only a matter of days now until the lunar new year. people in china, korea, vietnam and many other nations in asia will be celebrating. in fact for some, the festivities are already under way — as are the journeys many are taking to be with their loved ones. the bbc‘s tim allman has more.
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it looks like all of china is on the move. whether it is by train... 0r plane... or even by ship. more than 500 million trips have already been made, nearly 3 billion are expected to be completed before the celebrations come to a close. this man is heading home to sichuan province, a journey that is expected to last around 30 hours. this woman is taking her li—year—old daughter back to anhui province, which is a snip at only 20 hours. the lunar new year, or spring festival, is associated
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with light and colour. and if that is what you‘re after, head to this city, where more than 1000 lanterns illuminate the night sky. lights of a different kind in the north of china, molten iron thrown into the air. all the while, dragon dancing takes place as the redhot metal showers to the ground. stay with us on bbc world news, much more to come, including our headlines, but do go to a website for all of our headlines, but do go to a website forall of our main headlines, but do go to a website for all of our main stories, including our top stories, those dramatic pictures are merging of the dam in southern brazil. hello.
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friday was another day with severe transport disruption due to heavy snow. it was across central and southern england that had the worst of it, particularly stretches of the m3 towards the basingstoke area. we also had troubles around the m2 in kent as well late in the day. some of those problems were pictured from this area overlooking the m3, you can see how horrendous that conditions look there on the main carriageway, completely covered in snow. transport disruption has been a factor with the forecast through friday, and again into saturday too, with the risk of some snow still around, but ice as well fairly widely. looking at the weather picture over the next few hours, the snow that we have across south—east england becoming confined to kent before slowly easing away. there will be wintry showers across the eastern side of scotland into eastern parts of england, wherever those showers fall of course that adds to the risk of ice with a widespread and sharp frost once again. the forecast for saturday is that yes, there will be more wintry
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weather around, and after a cold and frosty start, icy too, and we will see wintry showers trickling down the eastern coast, probably saying quite cloudy for a good part of the morning across eastern scotland, maybe with some flurries, but nothing too heavy. chancew of a few showers affecting western wales but they will ease with time. we may see a few showers coming in across the north—west of northern ireland into western scotland. again, showers are a bit of a mixture here with some rain around sea level, we could see some sleet and snow mixed in. saturday, a decent day with some bright or sunny spells after that cold and icy start. temperatures will be struggling once again, looking at another cold day for the time of year. mostly around 3—4 celsius. that goes into saturday night with clear skies leading to a sharp fall in temperature is the most of the uk. —6 in newcastle, there is the risk of some icy stretches, but further west we will see some cloud thickened as the weather
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system approaches of the atlantic for sunday. this is going to bring another spell of wintry weather. we could see a few more centimetres of snow, targeting possibly the high ground in northern ireland, but the far north of england and scotland could see maybe 3—6 centimetres, but there is a tendency at lower levels for that snow to transition back to rain as mild air tries to move in from the west. 5—6 for glasgow and belfast. into next week it is all changing, it turns more mild but there will be some heavy rain around as well and it will often be windy. this is bbc news. the headlines: dramatic pictures have emerged of the moment a dam burst in brazil, releasing millions of tonnes of mining waste that engulfed nearby buildings. more than 100 people are now known to have died in the disaster, which happened in the state of minas gerais last month. russia has called america‘s decision to suspend its participation in a key cold war—era disarmament agreement an abrogation of its international commitments. a russian official said washington had provided no evidence of its claim that russia had for years failed to comply with the intermediate—range
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nuclear forces treaty. venezuela‘s opposition leader, juan guaido, is calling for the biggest mass protests in the nation‘s history this weekend, as he tries to force president nicolas maduro from power. the opposition are demanding new elections to end the political and economic chaos that has been engulfing the country. police are appealing for information about the mother of a baby girl
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