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tv   Coronavirus  BBC News  June 4, 2020 4:30pm-6:01pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm clive myrie. our top stories for you now. police in germany identify a man they believe killed madeline mccann, who disappeared in portugal 13 years ago. the suspect, who's injail, has been named as christian b. translation: the suspect, we are talking about a multiple sexual predator who has already been convicted of crimes against little girls. he is serving a long sentence. detectives are appealing for the public‘s help, they say the man used this camper van when he lived in the algarve in 2007. donald trump is accused of dividing america, by his former defence secretary. james mattis has attacked the president's handling of the anti—racism protests. as the business secretary awaits the result of his coronavirus test,
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it's revealed he had a 45—minute meeting with the prime minister and chancellor before he fell ill. i hope when i get out of here, they will enable me to walk. if i can walk with a stick or better still without a stick, i will be happy. the long road to recovery for people who've been through the severest form of coronavirus. some patients are struggling to return to health. good afternoon and welcome to viewers on bbc one ahead of the daily government coronavirus briefing, expected around five o'clock. and downing street says the business secretary, alok sharma,
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met the prime minister and chancellor at number ten the day before he became unwell in the commons. the prime minister's official spokesman said the 45—minute meeting, held in the cabinet room on tuesday was socially distanced. mr sharma is now self—isolating at home and is waiting for the result of a coronavirus test. borisjohnson is hosting a global summit on vaccination, which he says will help support the health systems of the world's poorest countries to tackle the coronavirus. and the easing of more lockdown restrictions in northern ireland has been given the green light by the stormont executive. the move, which was expected, was dependent on the r—number staying below one when ministers met today. iain watson is our political correspondent. he's political correspondent. at westminster. lots of questions, he's at westminster. lots of questions, one suspects, at the briefing today for the prime minister and his various meetings in the last few days with alok sharma. yes, people obviously concerned if the prime minister has to go into
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isolation all over again. he did have a 45 minute meeting, he and the chancellor rishi sunak, with alok sharma head of the cabinet but in the cabinet room. we are told the cabinet room has been vigorously cleaned, but as far as i'm concerned i suspect if downing street are correct in saying the meeting was socially distanced, in other words they were more than two metres apart, it is unlikely the prime minister would have to go into isolation. at this stage we don't yet know if alok sharma is suffering from coronavirus. yesterday he was mopping his brow and looked distressed, but his colleague suggested he may have had a heavy bout of hay fever. he is awaiting his test results. we will get a health update later today but we haven't had that as yet. if it turns out he does have a coronavirus, there is guidance which contact
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traces would follow. he would be in touch with them and they would ask who he has been in touch with. again, unless he was less than two metres away from someone again, unless he was less than two metres away from someone for more than 15 minutes, then he would not have to say that they were a contact who needed to be traced and advised to self—isolate. there is a bigger question here because as more people start returning to work, as shops begin to open, it —— some environments are difficult to practice social distancing in. one of those is the parliament. mps were queueing up under a new voting system, the so—called hybrid arrangements had been scrapped. somewhere in the queue for more than an hourand mps somewhere in the queue for more than an hour and mps have been tweeting pictures all week ofjust how close some of them were thorough longer period of time. i will send a photograph showing the leader of the, jacob rees—mogg, the education
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sector gavin williams and apparently quite close to each other. i haven't seen quite close to each other. i haven't seen alok sharma in those photographs but there is concern about those arrangements. so much so an emergency debate has been called far by liberal democrat alistair carmichael and he wants to take another look at working practices. despite the possibility of a cabinet minister being ill, downing street have said it was necessary to bring mps back so there would be proper scrutiny and they could pass releva nt scrutiny and they could pass relevant legislation. so they are doubling down on that. what are likely to be the top lines coming out of the briefing later? we have the transport secretary grant shapps, and peter hendy from network rail. i think with the government is in lockdown and nonessential shops as they call it, reopening on the 15th ofjune, more people travelling to work and going shopping, it is a fair bet they will revisit or certainly reiterate the advice of
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how to behave on public transport. again social distancing could be difficult, just like over there in the house of commons, so they could be more advice for example on wearing a face mask. certainly nicola sturgeon was saying she was considering making the wearing of face in enclosed spaces compulsory. thank you. the prime minister has urged world leaders to join together and focus on the search for a coronavirus vaccine that is affordable and available to all. he was speaking as he opened an online global vaccine summit which aims to raise funds to immunise 300 million children against infectious diseases within five years. let's get more now on this hugh pennington, emeritus professor of bacteriology at aberdeen university. it's good to see you. thanks for being with us. how important is this virtual summit taking place today?
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it really is important because if it goes well it will raise very large sums of money to support one of the biggest advances medicine has made in hundreds of years. that is having a really effective vaccination programme which saves millions of lives every year, particularly against diseases like measles and diphtheria and so on. and of course we are all waiting for a coronavirus covid—19 vaccine as well, but that is down the road. these are vaccines that we know work, they have saved many lives and they don't come free. yes, they cost money. is there a real fear that issues, diseases that have been eradicated might start p°ppin9 have been eradicated might start p°pping up have been eradicated might start popping up again? absolutely. the one disease at the moment where the eradication programme is on hold is polio. we nearly got there, but it is proving quite tricky. one or two
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places in the world. but to get rid of that virus permanently so we don't even have to bother with doing any more immunisation would be a great advance. we managed to get rid of smallpox with international cooperation. but it is vital, isn't it, that whatever vaccine is found potentially for coronavirus is affordable for everyone? there is certainly a lot of money to be made infinding a certainly a lot of money to be made in finding a vaccine, but it is not much use having certain western rich democracies having the vaccine and poorer countries not having it because, of course, air travel and movement between people means it can spread again. absolutely. there is straightforward self interest here. if the virus settles down in poorer countries in the world, particularly in africa, and that is something the who has been worried about ever since this virus appeared, those countries don't have much money.
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they don't have the sort of health systems western countries have, and clearly if we had a vaccine they would be top priority probably for getting it to protect... just to stop the virus getting about so that we can then rest assured we are ok. i'm just going to interrupt you because the prime minister is speaking at this virtual vaccine conference now. we willjust bring him in. will now save up to 8 million lives. our actions, your actions, will also support health ca re actions, will also support health care systems in the world's poorest countries which are increasingly victims of coronavirus. so today we make the choice to unite to forge a path of global cooperation, and let others also will renew our collective resolve to find that
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vaccine that can... who knows how soon vaccine that can... who knows how soon it will come? let's hope as soon as soon it will come? let's hope as soon as possible, that in the end can defeat coronavirus. and for our part, as you may know, the uk has already committed up to £764 million for the global coronavirus response, and i'm proud to say some of the most promising research into vaccines is happening right here in the uk, supported by our vaccines task force. we are pioneering innovative collaborations that will be needed to manufacture and distribute a vaccine once we have found it. like the partnership between astrazeneca and the university of oxford. i'm trying to think of the right analogy but just as we have great military alliances like nato, where countries collaborate on building their collective military defence... i
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apologise, all of those who are not necessarily members of nato, i hope none the less you see my point. we now the —— we now need the same spirit of collaboration and collective defence against the common enemy of disease. it will require a new international effort to cooperate on the surveillance and the sharing of information, data, data is king, that can underpin a global alert system so we can rapidly identify any future outbreaks. and it will need a radical scaling up of our global capacity to respond, exactly as bill set out five years ago. so just as britain has been honoured to host the summit today, you can count on our full contribution, as together we rise to fulfil the greatest
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shared endeavour of our lifetimes, the triumph of humanity over disease, now and through the generations that follow. thank you. thank you, prime minister... the prime minister there addressing that virtual vaccine conference, the global virtual vaccine conference. let's bring in professor hugh pennington again. the prime minister there making it clear, making an analogy with nato, the north atla ntic treaty analogy with nato, the north atlantic treaty organisation, that need to share information, collaboration to fight against what he called a common enemy in the coronavirus. he talked about the world having to unite and forge a path. have you seen enough of that kind of collaboration in the tackling of this pandemic so far? up toa tackling of this pandemic so far? up
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to a point, up to a point. there has been a lot of criticism of the activities of various countries, some of it misplaced, some of it probably not misplaced. i think the world health organization is doing a greatjob and one has to remember of course that politics comes into these things, like mentioning nato, it's a political thing. but having said that, and i don't always agree with everything the prime minister says, but on this issue full congratulations. this is a fantastic... you know, message to give to other countries in the world. join us and put taxpayer money in these places which will actually save lives, mostly in countries that don't have much money but also there is some self interest here for ourselves as well. children will be all the better for this fantastic message. you mentioned just then your support for the world
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health organization. it has come in for a lot of criticism, particularly from the united states, and if there is going to be a collaborative global effort to find vaccines and to tackle the coronavirus, one of many problems, surely that vehicle has got to be the world health organization and potentially it does have to change to a degree, doesn't it? yes, it does. it has always suffered from the sort of national politics and personal politics and so on, ever since it was founded. it had an easier start i think they're in some other parts of the united nations, but on balance it has done good over time, and sometimes it has done marvellous things. for example the eradication of smallpox, a great done under hard times. persuading people who were engaged in civil wa rs people who were engaged in civil wars to put the war aside and eradicate that particular very unpleasant virus. so its track
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record is excellent. it needs all the support it can get, but politics will always be there unfortunately, but that has to be put to one side. what the prime minister has just said is an example of what can be donein said is an example of what can be done in terms of raising large sums of money from the rich countries, which will go to saving many lives in the poorer parts of the world and also there is a little bit of self interest as well because it will stop these nasty viruses coming here. 0k, we will leave it there. professor hugh pennington, thank you for joining professor hugh pennington, thank you forjoining us. the german public prosecutor investigating the disappearance of madeleine mccann has confirmed they are treating the case as a murder inquiry. a 43—year—old german suspect, who's in prison for sex offences, was known to be in the portuguese resort of praia de luz when the three year—old went missing 13 years ago. he's been partially identified as "christian b", using just the first letter of his surname. our europe correspondent gavin lee is in a village in the algarve where the suspect is believed
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to have lived. it's a village about ten kilometres from praia da luz and the property behind me is one of two houses where the suspect known as christian b is said to have used. local media and much of national media reporting that one of these properties — this one behind me — was used for drug dealing, that he was a known criminal. from 1995 to 2007, large parts of his lifestyle, travelling around — a transient life, we are told by police — in this minivan, this volkswagen westfalia minivan — which police have issued an appeal for. it is interesting that what we are hearing, as well as the details of the photos of the houses, the details of the vehicles — a jaguar vehicle, as well — that there is no visible outward operation, an appeal on the streets of praia da luz today. my understanding from the portuguese police, they say they are equal partners, as are the british police in this operation, but it is being coordinated by the germans. they are waiting for more information from them,
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and that is the difficulty with this. they believe the appeal right now is targeted towards tourists and holiday—makers, that, just by chance, if they had pictures of the vehicle to map out some sequence of movements, or indeed the suspect, because, at the moment, i am told here, this is a significant moment, a possible breakthrough, but yet there is no solid evidence. the former us defence secretary james mattis has condemned donald trump's response to the protests about the death of george floyd. mr mattis said the president was wrong to say the military should be used to end the demonstrations, and that he was trying to divide the country. the former president barack obama has voiced support for the rallies, telling americans to seize the opportunity for change. david willis sent this report. huge protests continue to grip this country in response to george floyd's death. thousands converged on downtown los angeles and, after violence here over the weekend, this time, their call for change was peaceful. night—time cu rfews remain in place here, as well as in new york
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and washington dc. in minneapolis, where all this began, anger gave way to cheers at the news that former police officer derek chauvin is to face a more serious murder charge. let me hear y'all say we got all four! we got all four! and at the news that the three other officers involved in mr floyd's death have now been arrested. they stand accused of aiding and abetting his murder. president trump's often bellicose response to the recent unrest here has unnerved even some in his own party. and now his former defence secretary, james mattis, is voicing concern. in a withering critique in the atlantic magazine, mr mattis accuses the president of an abuse of power and writes...
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donald trump responded promptly... i see limitless potential that deserves to flourish and thrive. and you should be able to learn and make mistakes and live a life ofjoy. america's first black president struck a starkly different and more optimistic tone to that of president trump in a virtual town—hall event. as tragic as these past few weeks have been, as difficult and scary and uncertain as they've been, they've also been an incredible opportunity for people to be awakened. right now, i think the nation needs law and order, because you have a bad group of people out there and they are using george floyd and they are using a lot of other
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people to try and do some bad things and what we do. we have it totally under control. george floyd's family and friends are due together in minneapolis on thursday for a memorial service in his honour. the calls for a radical reform of race relations in this country are growing. david willis, bbc news, los angeles. the duchess of sussex has spoken out following the protests over the death of george floyd. in a video message to the graduating class of her former high school, meghan markle said she felt compelled to address what's happening in the united states. the only wrong thing to say is to say nothing. because george floyd's life mattered and breonna taylor's life mattered and philando castile's life mattered and tamir rice's life mattered. and so did many other people whose names we know and whose names we do not know.
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stephon clark, his life mattered. i was thinking about this moment when i was a sophomore in high school, i was 15, when i was a sophomore in high school, iwas15, and when i was a sophomore in high school, i was 15, and as you know, sophomore year is the year we do volunteer work which is a prerequisite for graduating and i remember my teacher at the time, one of my teachers said to me before the day i left to go volunteering, a lwa ys day i left to go volunteering, always remember to put others needs above your own fears. the duchess of sussex there. some news has just some news hasjust come into us from our parliamentary correspondent concerning the controversy of mps having to be in the house, in the chamber in person to vote despite us all being in the middle of a pandemic. the commons has backed
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government concessions to allow people who cannot attend people in parliament for health reasons to continue to question ministers by video link. those mps will also be able to vote by proxy now and the arrangements only apply to mps who are clinically vulnerable. the speaker is to make arrangements for how mps can self certify that they are in that particular group. many mps are still unhappy that the majority are still expected to attend in person, and the lib dems chief whip alistair carmichael has triggered a debate on monday in an attempt to press the government again to allow mps to take part from home if they want to. so, we saw the scenes of mps tweeting photographs and putting on social media photographs of them having to social distance as they queued to vote in the commons earlier this week, so controversy surrounding all of that, and now, the government seems to have backed down a little bit in giving concessions allowing mps who
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cannot attend parliament for health reasons to continue to question ministers via video link. we have been talking a lot about the killing of george boyd by policemen in minneapolis in the united states. we can speak now to the poet, novelist and playwright ben 0kri. good to see you and thanks for being with us here on bbc news. i am interested in your take. i'm interested in your take. i'm interested in your take. i'm interested in your take on the suggestion from one prosecutor here in the uk that the report put forward by david lambie on the treatment of bame suspects in the treatment of bame suspects in the treatment —— criminal justice treatment of bame suspects in the treatment —— criminaljustice system here, that report saying that there is widespread and systemic racism and prejudice has not been followed up, and going back to the us and the situation with george floyd and the
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continuing race problems in the us, a huge report, in the late 1960s, that pointed to the systemic racism of american society and again nothing has happened. i wasjust wondering, from your point of view, why do you think governments around the world have these commissions, have these reports and want to be seen have these reports and want to be seen to be looking into these issues but don't drive change? they don't push change. nothing actually happens. well, it would seem to be a failure of imagination and a failure of the moral spirit. these commissions, these reports state quite clearly that black people suffer disproportionate injustice in terms of the police and various other forms of systemic racism. it has been very clearly stated, clearly, deeply looked into, and all it takes is moral courage and a
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respect for all the human beings that live within the state. a respect for all of their rights. it is actually a very simple thing. we know what is wrong and all that is lacking is the human will, the human imagination, the human empathy to actually implement these measures. perhaps it is slightly easier for you to empathise, for me to empathise, because of the colour of ourskin, empathise, because of the colour of our skin, seeing what happened to george floyd, but it's clear that millions and millions of people who are caucasian, who are not black, we re are caucasian, who are not black, were disgusted and horrified by what happened as well. do you believe that as a result of that happening this wider sense of disgust, things might change? things will only change if we go on putting pressure on the system as citizens in the
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form of meaningful and peaceful protest a nd form of meaningful and peaceful protest and through making sure these things are implemented in law and actually carried out. things never change by themselves. the size of the outrage at this moment is very rich in its potential to actually shift a change at a deep level of government, both local and, you know, the smaller government of nations. this is a very important moment which must not be missed, and it will —— this is notjust a black thing, this is important to all of us. thing, this is important to all of us. because one thing, this is important to all of us. because one person thing, this is important to all of us. because one person being choked to death chokes all of us. this is not just about black, to death chokes all of us. this is notjust about black, this is being human here. we have do stress this. it is the black people who are suffering the most, in the case of
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the pandemic, the case of the difficulty that come out of this, but this is a human thing. we must all fight for this kind of transformation of the way people are treated in our societies. it's interesting that this has happened at this particular moment, and frankly, black people have been summarily dispatched by police officers in america and around the world for decades and decades, but it is interesting what's happened with this killing in that it's taking place in the time of coronavirus. and one wonders if that is potentially playing into this whole debate in itself. well, i think between eight and ten weeks of lockdown has had the effect of purifying people's sense of injustice, purifying people's sense of freedom, purifying people's sense of freedom, purifying people's sense of moral courage and moral outrage. i think the fact of actually being indoors, being in lockdown, has done
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something to people's sense of their restriction and of their freedoms, andi restriction and of their freedoms, and i think its also may be given people time to think, to think personally. but then there is also the fact of the impact the pandemic has had on black people particularly those who work in the health service and so on and so forth. so, for me, it is very striking that we have come out tentatively on the lockdown and the first big, important thing that hits us as human beings across the globe is the strangulation, the chokehold of george floyd. this is the first thing that comes out of it andi the first thing that comes out of it and i think it has hit our moral sense in a very pure kind of way. it has caught people unawares, and i think this is one of the reasons why people of all colours have been affected by it and deeply moved by it and want to see change happen.
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and there is that disconnect at the moment from seeing us here in the uk desperately trying to protect the nhs so it can cope with this coronavirus, so it can save lives, save human beings, and yet at the same time, there are people willing to snuff out the life of a human being like that. thatjuxtaposition seems discombobulating. it is difficult to process. yes, there is also the juxtaposition, and the thing that struck people, if you have seen the video, is seeing what was done to this man, and one of the things that struck people is george saying 12 times, i can't breathe, i can't breathe, i can't breathe. it's a very, very powerful phrase. it's very simple but it resonates incredibly with the very thing that coronavirus affects us most with, which is respiration, breathing. so it played into this. and i think the
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empathy comes out of this understanding that we suddenly have a because of the pandemic, we understand what it means when somebody says i can't breathe. i think that very fact has elevated the phrase into an actual mantra of injustice itself. are you writing anything on the coronavirus? i would be failing in my duty as a writer if i don't find a way to write about this as strongly as possible. indeed. good to see you. ben 0kri there. thank you very much. it's just that of the -- it is you very much. it's just that of the —— it is just after five o'clock. you very much. it's just that of the -- it isjust after five o'clock. we are expecting the transport
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secretary grant shapps to be leading the press conference and giving members of the public ideas as to how we should behave on public transport as the lockdown continues to be relaxed. we are expecting that in the next few minutes also. thousands of homeless people who've been found temporary housing during the pandemic could be living on the streets again by the end of the month, according to the charity crisis. it says contracts between local councils and hotels are due to end, as government funding runs out. ministers say they have provided extra money to try to tackle rough sleeping, and are building new housing units. sales of new cars in the uk fell by 89% in may, compared with the same month last year. figures from the society of motor manufacturers and traders showjust over 20,000 new vehicles were registered, making it the weakest may for sales since 1952.
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ministers are meeting members of the aviation industry. from monday, most people will have to self—isolate for 14 days as soon as they arrive. airlines and some conservative mps have criticised the policy — saying it will devastate the travel industry. here's our business correspondend theo leggett. passengers arriving in the uk this summer face the unwelcome prospect of having to spend two weeks in isolation. the government says this is vital to prevent new cases of coronavirus being brought in from abroad. we are going to come out of that and go straight to number ten for the coronavirus briefing. go straight to number ten for the coronavirus briefinglj go straight to number ten for the coronavirus briefing. i am joined today by sir peter hendy, chairman of network rail and the person i asked to help with the restart of our transport network. let me start by updating you on the latest information from the government's cobra data file. can i turn to the
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first slide, please. it showed data on the use of different types of transport. these graphs show significant falls in the use of public transport, rail, buses, the tube even before lockdown was introduced on the 23rd of march. this is welcome, it shows the public responded positively to our request to avoid public transport wherever possible. the use of motor vehicles fell substantially initially and has since risen steadily, though not back to the levels seen mid march. this is what we would expect and we have introduced some easing to the lockdown and encouraged people to return to work. one form of transport that has seen a significant increase is cycling. it's great to see so many people switching to a clean, green mode of transport with significant public health benefits. next slide, please. the number of tests carried out by
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or posted out in the uk has risen past the 5 million mark for the first time, that is 5,005,000 565. this includes a record 220,057 tests carried out or posted out yesterday, a new high total. 281,661 people have tested positive, that is an increase of 1805 cases since yesterday. the graph shows a steadily falling number of identified cases, the seven day rolling average, despite the increase in testing. third slide, please. this shows the latest data from hospitals. 505 people were admitted to hospital with coronavirus in england on the 2nd of june, up marginally from the 475 a week ago but down from the peak on
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the 2nd of april. 604 coronavirus patients are in mechanical ventilation beds in the uk down from 783 a week ago, and down from a peak of 3301 on the 12th of april. this slide shows what's happening in hospitals across the country. there are 7312 people in hospital with coronavirus in the uk, down 15% from 8558 a week ago and down from a peak of 20,699 on the 12th of april. as the graph shows, while there is some variation, most nations and regions in the uk are broadly following a similar pattern. last slide, please. this shows the daily figures for those who have sadly lost their lives after testing positive for coronavirus. across all settings,
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the total number of deaths now stands at 39,904, an increase of 176 fatalities since yesterday, and that is the lowest working week day level of fatalities. when measured by a seven day rolling average, the daily number of death currently stands at 241, down from a peak of 943 on the 14th of april. these figures are a reminder that covid—19 still represents a very real threat, that the fight still goes on to defeat it and there are tragically still too many people across the country who are losing loved ones. our thoughts are losing loved ones. our thoughts are with them all. as we made clear in recent weeks, our road to recovery must be carefully and cautiously managed. most importantly we must avoid a second infection
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spike. this careful, deliberate approach has been central to the restart of public transport. in advance of previous easing of the lockdown, we have ensured transport availability was increased to allow for adequate social distancing. in addition, we have also announced measures to help people choose other forms of transport. for example, with a record £2 billion invested in cycling and walking, as well as the acceleration of e—scooter trials. meticulous planning alongside a considerable effort of passengers avoiding public transport has worked well so far. there has been an absence of crowding, even as passenger numbers have gone up, partly thanks to the work sir peter hendy has been doing. but these challenges are about to increase. we expect conditions permitting that
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the next easing of restrictions will occur on the 15th ofjune. nonessential shops will reopen and some children will return to secondary school. that means there will be more pressure on our public transport. to help meet that demand, we are ramping up services on buses, trams and trains with substantial government funding. but we still need to do more, so today i want to highlight the measures that will help take to keep us safe and reduce the risk of coronavirus, particularly on public transport. there are three points i would like to highlight. first let me reiterate, and this is really important. if you can work from home, you should continue to do so. if you cannot work from home, you should avoid transport wherever possible. and if you must use public transport, you should follow
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guidance including avoiding the rush hour itself. second, i can announce that as of monday the 15th ofjune, face coverings will become mandatory on public transport. that doesn't mean surgical masks, which we must keep for clinical settings. it means the kind of face covering you can easily make at home. there will be exemptions to these rules for very young children, disabled people and those with breathing difficulties. but broadly as we come through this phase, we are doing what many other countries have asked transport users to do. and as passenger numbers increased, and we expect this trend to continue, we need to ensure every precaution is taken on buses, trains, aircraft and ferries. with more people using transport, the evidence suggests that wearing face coverings are for some, albeit limited protection against the
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spread of the virus. —— offers some limited protection. it is something we can do to help each other. whilst it also remains true that measures like maintaining social distancing, washing our hands remain the most critical things to do, we also know on public transport keeping two metres apart is not always possible at all times. indeed the guidance explicitly recognises this fact. when more people return to the network from the 15th ofjune onwards, they will be required to wear face coverings on the transport network. we will make these rule changes under the national rail conditions of travel and the public service vehicle regulations for buses, but this will mean you can be refused travel if you don't comply and you could be fined. alongside transport operators, this will be enforced by the british transport police if necessary, but i expect
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the vast majority of people won't need to be forced into this because wearing a face covering helps protect others and most people simply want to help defeat this disease. front line staff, there was in contact with passengers doing such an important job in contact with passengers doing such an importantjob at this crucial time, will also need to wear face coverings. in the coming days the government will work with the unions, who have been supportive for which i'm very grateful, transport operators and the police to ensure they have the supplies they need to be safe and to provide reassurance to the public. these measures apply in england, but we are working with the devolved administrations ahead of implementation. thirdly, to ease pressure on public transport, i want to update you on the measures we are taking to boost alternative ways to travel. now that vehicle showrooms are opening again, there is a range of electric cars, mopeds and motorbikes on sale, and as our
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economy gets moving their popularity will continue to increase. later this month we will be introducing the fix your bike voucher worth 50 quid. we will have hundreds of thousands more roadworthy bags on the road as a result of this programme. then there is the cycle to work scheme, which enables employees to buy a tax—free bike, an effective saving of 25 to 39% and that scheme has been extended to cover e—bikes as well. it is a great time to start using them, as we redesign our landscape to cope with millions more cyclists and pedestrians in the months ahead. the evidence is that commuters are already responding, despite fewer people travelling over the past few weeks during this crisis we have actually seen 100% increase in
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weekday cycling. and at weekends that increase has been up to 200% compared to the pre—covid—19 levels. we wa nt compared to the pre—covid—19 levels. we want to use this recovery to permanently change the way we travel, with huge levels of investment. we are bringing forward green transport improvements that otherwise would have taken years or decades to achieve. in the short term, whilst there is still a threat from the virus, they will help keep millions of people avoiding public transport journeys. in millions of people avoiding public transportjourneys. in the long term they will help transform our country into a lower carbon, cleaner and greener place to live. our history shows us how quickly we can adapt as a nation, just as we did 200 years ago when britain invented the railway, and just as we did in the 20th century when we embraced the motor car. and then in the 1950s when we launched the first passenger jet airliner coincidentally built in
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my hatfield constituency. each of these transport revolutions was triggered by a unique alignment of people and events, brilliant engineers and entrepreneurs, new technologies, support of government and the needs of citizens combining to bring about change. now we stand on the verge of a new transport revolution, this time not limited to one particular means of transport. a green transport revolution, which will help us rebuild a stronger, more prosperous britain as well as a cleaner and healthier one too. i would like to now turn to questions and we will start with questions from the public. alex from canterbury. how are renters going to be protected from coronavirus once the ban on restrictions runs out? it's been clearly for people in lots of different situations but
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particularly people renting, a very uncertain period of time, and there's been extraordinary measures being put in place to try to balance the relationship between renters and of course landlords. it is important that we help people get back to work. we had record low unemployment before this crisis started, we tried to protect those jobs. alex and eve ryo ne to protect those jobs. alex and everyone else, we want to help you get back into yourjobs and therefore have the money available to be able to pay your rent and that will be the primary thing. but other schemes including the furlough schemes including the furlough scheme have some way to run, although the terms will change likely, they run right through to later in the autumn. thanks, alex, for your question. i will turn to charlotte from coventry and her question is, how many travel companies are acting unlawfully by not providing refunds to customers
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following the cancellations of holidays within reasonable timescales? what is the government doing to ensure that people can get their money back? the first thing to say is that it is absolutely the case that holiday companies can offer you either a voucher or can offer you either a voucher or can offer the money back. ultimately they have to offer the money back if thatis they have to offer the money back if that is what you prefer. sometimes the holiday companies will say we will give you a voucher or extra time to use it or give you a greater value, 125% of value, so you have the choice about what to do, but ultimately it is the responsibility of those travel companies to pay your money back, so you have all the redress that exists through various different schemes, things like trading standards, that would be one. it's very important that travel companies do treat their customers properly and i will be doing everything i can to make sure that they pay back or offer a voucher if thatis
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they pay back or offer a voucher if that is what the individual consumer wa nts. that is what the individual consumer wants. but we can't have a situation where they are just hanging on to money and i will be very happy to continue to follow up on that. can we turn now to tom burridge of the bbc? thank you very much. on your policy to make face coverings mandatory in england in two weeks' time, are you expecting rail workers to police it, and are you prepared to police it, and are you prepared to fine people if they do not cover theirface? and to fine people if they do not cover their face? and on to fine people if they do not cover theirface? and on your controversial travel quarantine, british airways is refusing to take pa rt british airways is refusing to take part ina british airways is refusing to take part in a roundtable discussion with your cabinet colleagues. is that a sign that your government is losing the confidence of uk aviation? thanks very much. on the first part of this question i will ask peter to a nswer of this question i will ask peter to answer injust of this question i will ask peter to answer in just a second, but what we are saying essentially is that it will be a condition of travel that you are wearing a face covering, not a face mask, to use all different
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forms of public transport in this country from the 15th ofjune. and we have worked quite closely with, for example, the unions, who have their railway workers that you are referring to when i think it is in everybody‘s interest to make sure it works and it protects everybody when this happens. is it so happens i'm one of the reasons i asked sir peter here today is he has had a similar experience of introducing new rules on railways and peter it's probably worth me handing over to you.|j on railways and peter it's probably worth me handing over to you. i was the commissioner of transport when we introduced a ban on alcohol on london transport in 2008 and we were asked the same question, would the staff be required to enforce it? what would the police do? and in the event, those questions didn't need to be answered. we are expecting staff to wear your face coverings themselves because that is sensible and trade unions have very much supported that. but this is about people being sensible and people who
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use public transport are profoundly sensible and do what they are asked if what they are asked is sensible and we are just saying, please wear them, because it's good for you and it's good for protecting others. i'm not expecting a huge upsurge in railway staff having to police this. i'm expecting sensible passengers to do their duty and look after themselves and others. thanks very much, peter. tom, ishould also themselves and others. thanks very much, peter. tom, i should also add that we are working very actively to try and make sure that there is plenty of support for passengers and people will have turn up and forgotten them, so there will be plenty of publicity in advance and there will be notices all over stations and other transit areas. we have the british transport police, network rail, transport for london, they will be hopefully reminding people and peter deployed an extra 3500 people in total to remind
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passengers, and we will introduce volunteer journey makers who passengers, and we will introduce volunteerjourney makers who are literally volunteers who are also going to assist in reminding people about the need to wear a face covering when you travel on public transport. but i think, overall, we fully expect that we are changing the rules to do it, but we expect that people will want to do it because we all want to defeat this disease. you asked me a secondary question about aviation and the quarantine. i think most people just recognise that having worked as hard as we have, and i announced in those statistics that i was providing at the beginning today, the welcome news that the number of deaths has fallen to the record low since the start of 176, and nobody wants to return to the world we were in. and following on from the scientific advice, right at the beginning the scientists were clear and i asked
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the chief medical officer exactly this question, and he was clear that there is not much point doing things on the borders that we are doing with quarantine now because once it's already here, it is here, and indeed countries that did it, northern italy, america, didn't see a reduction in cases. but as we come out of this, we absolutely must keep the numbers down because we do not wa nt the numbers down because we do not want either people coming from abroad or even british people going abroad or even british people going abroad and coming back and bringing this nightmare back. so it's sensible and proportionate measure and as the prime minister and myself and as the prime minister and myself and the home secretary have all said, we are looking at air bridges and travel corridors in order to see how that can be amended going forward. but it comes in on the 8th ofjune, first of all. just to be clear, is it possible that people will be fined if they do not cover theirface on will be fined if they do not cover their face on public transport? yes,
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so on their face on public transport? yes, so on public transport, to be clear, it's a condition of travel, so you cannot travel unless you are wearing a face covering and there will be people there to remind you, post is there to be reminding you and it will be quite a visual thing peter is working on and there will also be other powers, so it could lead to fines. i very much hope we won't be in that situation because i said before, of course, we will take the powers to do this and why wouldn't people want to do the right thing? we are desperate to be able to get rid of coronavirus and move on with our lives, so it is to everybody‘s advantage to do that. peter's experience with transport for london indicated that was the case as well. absolutely. i don't now recall how many fines or offences. it was a matter of great controversy when the alcohol ban was introduced but it we nt alcohol ban was introduced but it went in without any real difficulty at all, and i'm expecting my colleagues in the railway and public transport industry to be seeing at every station entrance in britain a
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sign saying, wear a face covering with a graphic about face coverings and we know that passengers are sensible and they will do the sensible and they will do the sensible thing both for themselves and others. thank you very much, and thank you to you, tom. we will now move to itv. harry? thank you, secretary of state. we have been speaking to the bangladeshi community in bradford today and they have told us that they feel they are being told they are most at risk from dying of coronavirus but are not being given any suggestions about how they can stay safe. we've known for some time now that bame communities are more at risk of dying from coronavirus, so what specific advice does the government have two bame communities to protect themselves from dying, and if there is no specific advice, why not? we have been looking into this, it's professor fenton who produced a report at the end of the month, and
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that report had been out a couple of days but my colleague, the equalities minister, has already taken up the mantle with this and will be turning that report which looked at what the facts were and turning it into actual recommendations. the first thing was to find out what was happening and if the data supports it, and then turnit if the data supports it, and then turn it into action and i can actually tell you at this moment, harry, that the full terms of reference for that piece of work have just literally been published andi have just literally been published and i suspect out of that we will get a very comprehensive list of things that people should look at, and the government will be doing that as well. i just want to emphasise the fact that anyone who dies from this is appalling, and the fa ct dies from this is appalling, and the fact that we discovered that bame communities are potentially at more risk as well as other categories including men, obesity seems to be a
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big factor, all of these things are a huge concern and we will get to the bottom of it and have very practical recommendations. in the short term though, i think it's true to say, really strict social distancing, maintaining the two metres, you know, washing hands and going back to that very first basic message is so important and lastly, as we come to the stages of unlock, being very aware or alert, as we say, of your surrounding so you don't put yourself into positions of danger. i think all of those things would be absolutely key. can i turn to phil horne lee from itv? good afternoon. how is alex sharma? doesn't what has happened to him prove the folly of getting ministers at westminster when they could be working from home and if mr sharma tests positive, might the prime minister have to self—isolate again? i've spoken to alok sharma in the
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last hour and he is doing fine. he is working today from home as usual and is awaiting his test result. on parliament, the important thing to say is, the important thing to know, actually, is there are a whole series of pieces of legislation including legislation directly to help fight coronavirus, and going back to the previous question, of things we need to be doing which are passed through a process called secondary legislation and those happen in smaller committees of mps and there are dozens of them, dozens and there are dozens of them, dozens and dozens. we simply haven't been able to pass that legislation, and that in turn puts the country at risk. it's not thing that parliament came back because it fancied it, it came back because it fancied it, it came back because it fancied it, it came back because it needs to do things on behalf of the nation. however, parliament also ensured there was a strict social distancing measures in place involved in the votes early in the week. you were two metres apart at all times. and
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indeed, i know it's also the case that the prime minister has always been two metres apart from alok sharma as well. so obviously we wish him well and he's doing well at the moment, i happen to know, because i have spoken to him. he awaits his result, but because social distancing has been followed in the proper way, i think that parliament, it's absolutely right that it is able to sit and do its job on it's absolutely right that it is able to sit and do itsjob on behalf of the nation and that is what mps themselves have voted for. can i turn to sharon barber of the bbc? the government maintains that from the outset that you threw a ring of steel around care homes and loved ones could no longer visit, but they we re ones could no longer visit, but they were then pressured into taking in hospital patients that had not been tested, and now, in county durham, we have the highest number of care home deaths in all of england and wales. and across our region, the northeast and cumbria, there are
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more than 1300 care home residents who have lost their lives. who is responsible for these deaths? clearly, first of all, it's absolutely heartbreaking and i think we all know people now who have been affected. and the care homes are an interesting situation because, for example, people won't have been aware that the care homes procured their own ppe for example up until their own ppe for example up until the disaster. most care homes are privately owned and by their own ppe and the government stepped in and delivered millions and millions of pieces of ppe to care homes in order to plug that gap. and it is, of course, heartbreaking that anybody has passed away in a care home from coronavirus at all. we do know this is the same issue that everybody has been tackling and that our rate of ca re been tackling and that our rate of care home infection in terms of the overall number of deaths in care homes in the overall number of care
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homes in the overall number of care homes affected in this country has been lower than elsewhere, which does not change the fact that things like clinical decisions made at certain times about who should leave hospital will have been an issue for the medical experts at the time. if you look at the changes that were made, for example, the guidance that was made early on, whilst everyone was made early on, whilst everyone was still learning how this disease was still learning how this disease was spreading and operating. as i often say, if we knew what we know now and had the capacity we had now, that would be fantastic. but i think the care homes have been incredible in their response and, of course, there will be time to look back at everything once we have actually got through coronavirus itself. sharon, thank you very much indeed. can i turn to to metro?
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have you secured agreement with scotland about the use of masks on trains and public transport or will passengers be expected to put them on as they crossed the border? secondly if i may, given that most holiday— makers will have to quarantine for two weeks on their return, shouldn't the government be actively encouraging us to holiday in the uk? on face coverings, as i mentioned in my comments, dominic, it is an england measure. we are speaking to the devolved administrations and they can decide if they feel it is the right time for them to do the same thing. they may well decide to do that but it is their call. you raise the interesting point about what happens on trains across borders and the a nswer on trains across borders and the answer is that you would need to be wearing it in england, that is absolutely true, and it will be up
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to scotland or where the trains cross to wales to provide their own guidance. usually i can say that you end upfinding guidance. usually i can say that you end up finding that after some discussion, typically the nations decide to move together at roughly the same time on these things or at least a few days apart, so i don't think it will turn out to be terribly confusing, but we have a devolved set up in this country with four nations who quite rightly can follow their own rules and that's the way things therefore operate. i don't think there's anything useful you can offer to this, peter. peter is the chairman of network rail so there is a national aspect of this. i have had discussions with both the staff and their expectations
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probably don't vary. i would expect people who board a train in england to be wearing a mask when they go on the station and on the train, and i would expect the passengers to be wearing it when they get off, wherever they were, and that would be sensible and protective of them and other people, and courteous too. did you want to come back on that, dominic? i wasjust going to ask about holidaying in the uk, given that holiday— makers heading about holidaying in the uk, given that holiday—makers heading abroad will have to quarantine for 14 days. look, clearly this year because the rules are at the moment you cannot stay somewhere else overnight, we now know we can travel as far as we wa nt now know we can travel as far as we want to, and you can even go and visit people in limited numbers, groups no more than six, but you still have to return home at night so still have to return home at night so that is obviously a limitation at the moment for national holidays, but we will have to see how the
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course of the virus continues before we are able to answer that. we also know simultaneously that current foreign office advice is you cannot travel unless it is absolutely essential, so we know that is also in place at the moment. sadly, to a nswer in place at the moment. sadly, to answer your question at the moment, we have to wait and see how the path of this disease continues to go. people have in no small way in their own hands measures like face coverings which will assist in a small way to fighting the r—number and get out of this and help make holidays more of a possibility. it's a lwa ys holidays more of a possibility. it's always a fantastic idea to be able to spend time in the uk. i'm also aware lots of people would like to be able to go away. for the definitive answer we need to see how the disease tracks and how we get the disease tracks and how we get the infection rate down over a
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period of time. dominic, thank you. i will turn to darren slade from the daily echo in bournemouth. after the chaotic scenes uncrowded beaches la st chaotic scenes uncrowded beaches last weekend, what message would you give to people thinking of visiting the coast this weekend and to the local authority is concerned about the risks to public health? meanwhile we have many hospitality business who are worried about whether they can survive this year, and if there is any industry specific aide the government can give in towns like bournemouth and weymouth to help them get back on their feet. your question reveals two sides to the same coin because on the one hand people need to avoid crowded areas, and to answer your question uncrowded beaches when we say stay alert as it says on here, we literally mean keep two metres away from people. don't endanger yourself and risk this spreading and for us to throw away the hard work we have done. the message could not
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be clearer. i suspect we have been helped by the cooler weather this weekend but nonetheless the message remains the same. another point i should highlight is that with regards to lifeguards, they have not been able to train, there are fewer around, so you been able to train, there are fewer around, so you are been able to train, there are fewer around, so you are putting yourself at more risk if you go swimming in the sea so there are lots of sensible reasons not to crowd out beaches and avoid crowded places. to the other side of the coin question you asked on hospitality, as you know there has been an enormous programme, a world leading programme, a world leading programme, 819,000 firms have benefited from over £10 billion of business grants and small business grant fund business grants and small business grantfund and business grants and small business grant fund and the retail hospitality and leisure grant to fund so there has been a lot of money paid to try to ensure areas like bournemouth and elsewhere those companies can carry on going. we
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still have things like the furlough scheme, and as we come out of this, attached to the question before which is about when, and i cannot a nswer which is about when, and i cannot answer that exactly when people can travel for tourism, we cannot answer that until we know the path of the virus, but we have stood behind companies and places like bournemouth. we intend to carry on doing so, but the best way we can all do that is to defeat the virus by following the rules, so your question is very wise because it touches both sides of the same problem we are trying to resolve. cani problem we are trying to resolve. can i go to paul geezer at east anglia daily times. good afternoon. thank you for inviting me, secretary of state. can i follow on from sharon's question earlier? suffolk has seen a greater death toll in ca re has seen a greater death toll in care homes than many neighbouring and larger counties. we have had 152
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deaths and 70% of care homes in ipswich and suffolk have suffered covid outbreak. why were hospital patients discharged into care homes only being tested from mid april? why has the guidance only recently changed to mean patients are no longer being sent to homes before receiving their test results? and why won't the nhs release a trust level breakdown of patients discharged two homes without tests? there has been a lot of things said about care homes but when you look at the history of when rules were changed or the guidance was changed, a lot of the changes took place quite early on and there have been a lot of steps ta ken. quite early on and there have been a lot of steps taken. for example the £600 million package to assist care homes. that is on top of £3.6 billion that has gone to local authorities, some of which is also
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intended for social care. as i said in response to sharon, it is quite right we always want to go back and track this backwards and see what we re track this backwards and see what were they decisions that were taken when and why, but to put this into a sort of context, i know it is the case that the majority of care homes we re case that the majority of care homes were not, as you just pointed out in the example you just gave, nationwide do not have any cases of covid at all but it is of particular interest why it is that in some areas, andi interest why it is that in some areas, and i think you mentioned a figure of 60 or 70%, why in some areas in the numbers have come up differently so of course there will be reviewed. i notice that overall what's happened is that because we have managed to build hospital capacity, and of course we had the
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nightingale hospitals, didn't end up in this country as we saw and feared elsewhere of other places where hospital beds and the ability to have ventilators and the rest of it we re have ventilators and the rest of it were running out, which is a very good thing, and that has been part of what helped us have a much lower level of overall death coming from ca re level of overall death coming from care homes than in europe, for example, is the average. but these are definitely legitimate questions, particularly the regional variation on those, and i know my colleagues in health and elsewhere will be wanting to get to the bottom of all of those questions and why there should be regional variations in this way. can we turn to paul faulkner of the lancashire evening post. good afternoon. the health secretary said last week that council public health bosses would have a crucial role to play in deciding whether to impose local
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lockdown restrictions should they ever become necessary. that was on the same day lancashire's director of public health advised schools in the county he didn't feel it was safe for them to reopen, contrary to the government's own advice at that point. doesn't that show it would make more sense to officially empower these local experts to make their own decisions about the easing of lockdown in the first place, in the hope they can locally then avoid a second spike in cases and the need to impose restrictions further down the line? and in the absence of a scientist on the panel today, do you expect tourist destinations such as blackpool to face a particular challenge in keeping the virus in check when lockdown measures are further lifted, and is the government planning any further targeted help for hotspots to assist them in their recovery? first of all on local decision—making, there is
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clearly a decision that needs to be a lwa ys clearly a decision that needs to be always kept in mind between the extent to which you say things are for local decisions and the extent to which you have a clear national message that says this is the date when x or y will happen. in the end when x or y will happen. in the end when i talk to scientists, which i have done on this case actually, and understood... is it the case that in one particular location schools are not ready to go back whereas in another location they are? the difficulty is having sufficient test data to understand in one particular location if it is a justifiable decision. so in the end you do have to have a national picture to make those decisions on a national level as we have done in the four nations. it is of course also drew an perfectly proper that people may say we think we have a particular issue
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here. that is also perfectly understandable, but i think on balance you have got to have a national message, otherwise people watching will be confused why nonessential shops in other cases to ta ke nonessential shops in other cases to take the unlocking on the 15th would be odd in one place but not another in the short term. your final point about blackpool tourist destinations and others across the country, we have been extremely concerned about the businesses at the forefront of tackling covid—19. it's been a wretched time for everybody but none more so wretched time for everybody but none more so than for those in the hospitality sector, and that's why the kind of levels of support running into of billions of pounds that i was outlining before have been so extreme to try to support them. in order to fully answer your question, we have to know what the
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path of this virus is going forward because that's the only way we will know the extent to when people will be able to move around more freely, perhaps even stay overnight and then open up the fertility sector. i have to return to the point that everybody needs to play their part andi everybody needs to play their part and i think there's a danger, particularly as we go through these unlocking phases, that people start to think we can do this and this, and forget the nightmare from the spring. it is still very much with us spring. it is still very much with us and we have to focus on beating it. the government will always try to do whatever it can to stand by all organisations, hospitality businesses in particular, but we need people to help in order to defeat this thing once and for all, which remains as much of a big national effort now as it did when we started. thank you very much to
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everyone, and to peter. that concludes today's press conference. the transport secretary grant shapps ending the coronavirus briefing today, and decide him the chairman of network rail, sir peter hendy, which gives a bit of an indication about what the main point of the briefing was today concerning the face coverings on public transport. let's give you a full rundown of exactly what was said. from the 15th ofjune, face coverings will become mandatory on public transport in england. if you fail to wear face covering, you could be fined or refused to travel but he said he expects the vast majority of people to adhere to the new rules. he reiterated that if you can work from home, you should continue to do so. if you can't, you should also try to avoid public transport or travelling
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at peak hours. it was also announced that a further 176 people have died after being diagnosed with the coronavirus in the last 24 hours, the lowest working week total since the lowest working week total since the peak the pandemic on a single day. that means the overall uk total for those who have died is now 39,904. we were expecting this, one suspects, although the science is a little divided. the mandatory wearing of face coverings? this issue has been raised many times before and we had dominic raab described the science as a nuanced on the subject and even grant shapps, the transport secretary said it might be something of limited help and the reason for doing it now was effectively that if things start to pick up again on the 15th ofjune again, nonessential retail, close shops, department stores reopening,
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shops, department stores reopening, shop workers returning, people going shopping and ramping up of transport workers, and it might be difficult to socially distance in those circumstances so to socially distance in those circumstances so it might be helpful to have face masks worn and he has taken the step to make it mandatory. people could be refused entry to a bus or train if they refuse to wear a face mask and he also said that there would be an army of volunteers being recruited to go round encouraging you to put the face mask on at public transport destinations and a publicity campaign as well. we had a reaction already, and it seems positive, the mayor of london has been pressing for this and is pleased the government have taken his advice on this issue and that people should still socially distance where they could, and the rail union has also welcomed this as well but ultimately people could be fined for not wearing face masks, something that the british transport police will ultimately have to be involved in and i don't think they will be particularly relishing that. 0k, thank you. our health correspondent
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anna collinson is here. the total number of deaths in the last 24 hours accounting period as it were, hundred and 76. grant shapps said this was the lowest working week daily total, so we are going in the right direction. you would hope so, particularly after the lockdown restrictions changing, so the lockdown restrictions changing, so there have been a further 176 deaths in the uk, taking the total to 39,904, very near the 40,000 mark that no one really wants to meet, and we say this every day, but it has to be said behind every one of those figures is a family and set of friends grieving. it does look like we are not far off that figure and that that figure is going to be much higher. the government figures we recalled on the daily figures, those who tested positive for covid—19,
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they do not include all deaths involving covid—19 such as cases where no testing was available, so that 40,000 death toll, we are likely to see that tomorrow and it's likely to see that tomorrow and it's likely to see that tomorrow and it's likely to be much higher. when it comes to face coverings, as i indicated earlier, the science is mixed on this but the transport secretary saying something is better than nothing, effectively. exactly. coronavirus is spread by droplets that can spray into the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes or even talks and the risk of them spreading the virus is thought to be at the highest in the first 24 or 48 hours when they are not aware they have symptoms, so the main idea behind wearing a mask is not actually protecting yourself, it's about protecting other people around you encase you are infected and don't know it. as was mentioned in the briefing, scientific evidence on the briefing, scientific evidence on the benefit of wearing masks weak but the government says when used properly, face coverings can help reduce the risk of transmission.
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some scientists think that soon wearing a mask or scarf to cover your face if you cannot have the to me to distance indoors will soon become the new normal and that will become the new normal and that will be our new reality. but there are concerns. many health officials wearing masks think it will distract people from washing their hands with soap and hot water and social distancing, those vital things that are needed to stop the spread of the virus, that it will give people a false sense of security and also there is a risk of the masks becoming contaminated. so while there are big disagreements within there are big disagreements within the scientific world and while there is not agreement on how effective a mask can be, they could be a vital tool in getting us out of lockdown. and to be clear, it doesn't have to bea and to be clear, it doesn't have to be a mask, it could be a scarf, a bandanna, anything that covers that area. you took the words right out of my mouth. that is exacting what i was going to say. if you had a mask i wouldn't have been able to take
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the words out of your mouth. grant shapps is talking about face coverings, not a mask, and those of the kind of things we are seeing the front line workers wearing because of issues with levels of personal protective equipment on the front line, the government had previously advised people to wear face coverings, so advised people to wear face coverings, so you can advised people to wear face coverings, so you can make your advised people to wear face coverings, so you can make your own with a scarf, and bandanna, and there is advice on the bbc website how to make it out of a t—shirt and the key thing is that it covers your mouth and nose, you are allowed to breathe and the more levels of material, the better. we will leave it there. a bit more on that now, and as we have been hearing we are going to have to wear face coverings. here is how to wear a face covering correctly. here is how to wear a face covering. first off, wash your hands before putting it on using a soap or alcohol —based sanitiser gel. without touching the front, cover your mouth and nose and
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it should go all the way up to the bridge of your nose and down, under your chin. hook the straps around your chin. hook the straps around your ears or tie them around the back of your head. you do not want any gaps between your face and the mask. avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth at all times. take it off from behind, store it in a plastic bag until you can watch it... and then wash your hands. and wash it regularly with your other laundry using normal detergents. but remember, a face covering isn't a substitute for hand washing or social distancing. and the world health organization says you should only wear a medical mask if you are sick or you are caring for someone who is sick. professor robert west is a health psychologist at ucl, specialising in behaviour. thanks for being with us. grant shapps says he is confident the public will follow the mandatory rule that you should wear face coverings on public transport and
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that the transport police will probably not have to be called out to deal with people. what do you think? i think he's probably right. i think what we have seen in the pandemic so far is an exceptionally high level of adherence to the various social distancing under the guidelines, even may be to the detriment of people's well—being in the short term, because everyone has recognised how important it is. however, i think it is really important to understand that with face masks that the evidence isn't there, that this is not backed by scientific evidence and is based on opinion, which is fine, because, you know, we simply don't have the evidence and you have to go on the basis of plausibility. however there isa basis of plausibility. however there is a very important public health issue which is normally when you introduce a mandatory measure like this, you have to go through a
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process of first of all consultation and then you have to do an impact assessment, and it is in him that impact assessment you assess the unintended consequences, and we've already heard about the possible unintended consequences here because it is even possible depending on what happens that this could increase the rate of infection if the public don't adhere to the kind of ways of using masks that you have just talked about in your piece just before the interview. we know that the french made it mandatory to wear face coverings quite a few weeks ago, and we have always here in the uk made it clear that if you do potentially have to wear a face covering then you might not wash your hands or you might not follow all the other measures that are needed to stop the pandemic getting any worse. why do you think the government has flipped on that?” think it's because the imperative here, as we are seeing with the
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lockdown, is around getting things moving again. they feel, and this is my opinion, they feel under huge pressure from businesses and various people that obviously contact them around the economy and people's livelihood and so on, and i can understand that pressure. now, i think what would be really u nfortu nate would think what would be really unfortunate would be if this whole issue of facemasks was used as a way of supporting a kind of relaxation of supporting a kind of relaxation of other measures that really wouldn't be warranted. because you wouldn't be warranted. because you wouldn't want to, for example, allow a greater density of people on public transport because people were wearing face masks and you thought that that might protect them. if facemasks were being used and used properly, and there were no increase in density of public transport, then
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it's possible it may have a benefit, but if it was used in order to enable a greater density of people on public transport and ultimately in workplaces, it could even end up increasing r and infections and that is what we don't want. he did stress however, to be fair, that if you can work from home stay working from home and if you do have to go to work, try not to travel in peak hours on public transport. that's absolutely right. the problem is obviously the interpretation of that and who makes that decision, so if you, as an employee are free to make the decision that you do not feel safe coming into work and the only way that you could do it is through public transport, then that is your decision and you can do that. however, if your employer is saying that in your employer's opinion it is okfor that in your employer's opinion it is ok for you to go in, that puts
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pressure on you to do that, that is busily very problematic and it's why what we need to see now, and i'm sure some companies are absolutely doing this, is really good consultation between employers, employees, trade unions and other representatives to make sure people aren't being forced into a situation which is ultimately unsafe. ok, we will leave it there. professor robert west, thanks forjoining us. sophie is here, now time for a look at all of the weather news, and it is very changeable. after just experiencing afterjust experiencing the sunniest spring on record its rainfall most of us are crying out for. will we get some over the weekend? yes for some, but not for all. get some over the weekend? yes for some, but not forall. many get some over the weekend? yes for some, but not for all. many will see cloudy skies, windy and cool at times but the rainfall will be very hit and miss. last weekend it was all about high pressure in the south of scandinavia influencing the story but this weekend it is about low
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pressure in southern scandinavia and that low will arrive later on friday and ahead of it, sunny spells and scattered showers, but not all of us will see those showers and if you do dodge them, just cloudy skies with the wind strengthening through the afternoon between 30 and 40 miles an hour. a scattering of showers in northern ireland and northern england but more widespread rain later in the north—east of scotland and the wind will strengthen in excess of 50 miles an hour. that will make it feel quite cool by the middle of the afternoon with just highs of nine up to 13 degrees and we could see temperatures peaking at 17, but the low pressure will sink steadily south along the east coast and the strongest winds in the west and the strongest winds in the west and southern flank of the low, so gusts of wind potentially around the 60 mph mark which is quite unusual for earlyjune and with some trees in full leaf, that could have a big impact. it will be a windy start across the northern half of the uk,
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wait for some with the heaviest rain likely to be through southern scotland, down through north—east england for a time, brightening up into the far north of scotland, not seeing much notable rain at all across southern england but a disappointingly cool day with temperatures around the mid—teens. the low tends to ease on the isobars will open up for the second half of the weekend so on sunday, lighter winds, quieter story, still some rain clinging on to the east coast and it will be an issue through the day, but elsewhere cloudy skies and with lighter winds it should feel that little bit warmer with the highs back up to 18 degrees. if we ta ke highs back up to 18 degrees. if we take a look at the rainfall accumulations after some of us not seeing any notable rain at all in the month of may, over the weekend, the month of may, over the weekend, the darker blues suggesting that we could have as much as 20 millimetres, maybe more, so around an inch of rain except in the far south where the rain will be very minimalat south where the rain will be very minimal at all.
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madeleine mccann is presumed dead, say german prosecutors, as a man is investigated on suspicion of her murder. the three—year—old vanished from a holiday resort in portugal 13 years ago while her parents were having dinner. this is the camper van used by a 43—year—old german, identified as christian b, who was in portugal at the time. he's currently serving a prison sentence in germany. translation: we are assuming that the girl is dead. and the suspect, we are talking about a multiple sexual predator who has already been convicted of crimes against little girls. madeleine's parents say they feel the development is potentially very significant. also tonight... face coverings will be compulsory for anyone using public transport in england from 15thjune. if you don't wear one, you won't be allowed to travel and could be fined.

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