this is bbc news. i'm mike embley with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. the covid pandemic leaves some uk hospitals at breaking point. we have a special report from london where staff are stretched to the limit. i wasn't convinced we were going to have a second wave at all, and the huge numbers that havejust, absolutely slammed us, it's just... i never thought it would be possible. supporters of the jailed russian activist alexei navalny are arrested after he urged people to protest against president putin's government outgoing us president donald trump orders covid travel bans to be lifted — only for president elect joe biden to say he will maintain the restrictions. the fbi vets all 25,000
national guard troops on duty in washington for wednesday's inauguration, looking for possible right wing extremists. and risking temperatures of up to —70 to scale the world's second highest mountain — the nepalese mountaineers tell the bbc about their historic ascent. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the head of the world health organisation has said we're on the verge of a catastrophic moral failure over the way covid vaccines are being shared out. tedros adhanom ghebreyesus said the current approach would prolong the pandemic, lead to hoarding and delay the delivery of vaccines to poorer countries. the who director—general
explained that more than 39 million doses of coronavirus vaccines have now been administered in higher—income countries. 0wever, only 25 doses have been given in one lowest—income country. not 25 million; just 25. globally, there have now been over 95 million confirmed covid—19 cases. the us, india and brazil account for nearly half of coronavirus cases globally. here in the uk, there are now more people being treated for covid in hospitals than at any point in the pandemic. ten hospital trusts across england have reported having no spare critical care beds. to illustrate the distressing reality of what's happening on the front line, the bbc�*s clive myrie visited the royal london hospital to see how staff and families of patients are coping. there are those who must look into the abyss — to spare all of us. how many floors are taken up by covid patients here? we've got patients on the third floor, fourth floor, sixth floor, seventh floor, eighth floor...
of 548 beds at the royal london hospital, 420 have covid patients. for ten days, we joined staff in one of the uk's biggest intensive care units... yes, still coming. go, go, go. ..at the peak of the second wave... he could die from this, - by the way, i'm sorry to have to say that. ..as a new variant of covid—19 forces a reckoning for our health service... sorry! so we're now going to run into a problem because we haven't got any beds. ..and a reckoning for us. nobody wants to go through this. - i wouldn't wish this on anybody. - this really is horrible. as london sleeps, the night shift begins at the royal london hospital. nursing sister carleen kelly makes her way to a job that's crushing her, in the middle
of the covid nightmare. sleep isn't what it used to be. there's anxiety when you wake up and you remember what you have to go into. we're fragile and, erm, angry. in the emergency department, consultant nick bunker is up to his neck in problems. so, he's got covid and he's had a stroke. a new covid patient has been admitted for every hour he's been on shift. by sam, eight. so we're now going to run into a problem because we haven't got any beds. no beds? so, i had five beds to start the night. we've got two patients next door who need to come in. just down there. thank you. all right. and here's another. where will he go? just bring the back of the bed up.
see if that helps. and is he on 100% now? yeah. in pressurised rooms, the patients receive oxygen through masks, their condition monitored, but who may need more sustained help from a ventilator? sats below 96. one man's breathing badly falters. just do it, just do it, just do it. he must be intubated, fast. and we watch, as medics put him to sleep and push a long plastic tube down his throat, hooking him up to his new breathing machine. when he'll wake up, no—one knows. soon, he'lljoin so many others here — oblivious to night and day. cared for by strangers like carleen, who we spoke to in the first wave of the virus, back in may. i've felt broken on many occasion and i think a lot
of my colleagues have. now, the intensity of the second wave is even more frightening. i see how i feel about this time, like i'm trapped in a cave and the water is slowly rising, and i'm barely keeping my head above water. it's scarier, it's bigger. i was so naive the first time. i wasn't convinced we were going to have the second wave at all, and the huge numbers that have just absolutely slammed us, erm, it'sjust... i never thought it would be possible to have this many intensive care patients, not at all. nick bunker checks on carleen and all the staff as he helps monitor around 130 icu covid patients, spread all over the hospital. there were little more than a0 intensive care beds before the pandemic...
yeah, let me know if i need to know. ..and he still needs more tonight. a few minutes later, we find a porter with a priceless possession. we soon find out how he sadly came upon it. martin freeborn said he wanted to speak to us. er, my wife lost her fight for life. - erm... it was a mixture of covid . and an infection that finally finished her off. and this is literally in the last few minutes? yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. yeah, in the last half hour, i've lost her. . her name was helen and she was 64. what's your message to people watching this who perhaps feel that there is no covid, there is no battle that everyone is fighting?
it makes me really angry. nobody wants to go through this. - i wouldn't wish this on anybody. - this really is horrible. it's real, and people really do| need to look after themselves and take care, because you don't want this to happen. i i wouldn't wish this on anybody. - yeah, please wake up, - and please be over—careful. you can't do enough i to keep yourself safe. don't end up like us. please. that's the three grandchildren and my three daughters, - and my wife in the - background, looking on. she loved being a grandmother. this letter's from my daughter but, unfortunately, she went i on the ventilator before she could see it. - "dearest mum, helen, grandma. "we love you so much.
"we miss you more than we can say. i "you are so strong and have been through so much... i you are our hero, our inspiration. 0ur light in this darkness. until we see you again, and we will... you stay strong, as always... "all our love, and forever. "laura, lindsay and megan." it's a sad story, isn't it? we will have more reports from clive, his cameraman and the producer at the royal london over the course of this week. joining me now is professor lawrence gostin, director of the who center on public health & human rights. thank you very much for your
time, i know you are very busy. returning to the director—general of the who's warning that we are globally on the verge of a catastrophic moralfailure over the the verge of a catastrophic moral failure over the way vaccines are being shared out, i guess true justice would require all countries, particularly higher income countries to relinquish stocks held within their country, and tojoin held within their country, and to join covax. held within their country, and tojoin covax. 0ne held within their country, and tojoin covax. one of held within their country, and to join covax. one of the challenges of that? unfortunately they are very small. by coincidence i have a article in thejournal of foreign affairs coming out in a few hours on this problem, and we do call on countries to join covax and to give up some of their vaccine stocks, and we can't expect countries to just give it all away, but it really is, as doctor pete rose said, a catastrophic moral failure when a country buys advanced doses
because it is rich, and enough doses that it can cover its full population, in some cases twice its population, while a low income country might have 25 doses, not 25 million, not 20 5000, 25 doses. everybody is worth the same. we all have equal worth, and there is no reason why the uk or europe or the united states should hoard vaccines while others die. some live, some day depending on how rich you are. live, some day depending on how rich you are-— rich you are. and yet all governments _ rich you are. and yet all governments are - rich you are. and yet all governments are under| rich you are. and yet all - governments are under such pressure from their voters, from their own populations to get the vaccines out of those populations, let alone give it away. there must be concerns as to whether vaccines will get within those countries to refugees and undocumented
migrants, homeless people, indigenous people. absolutely. yourtalking — indigenous people. absolutely. your talking about _ indigenous people. absolutely. your talking about the - indigenous people. absolutely. your talking about the most. your talking about the most vulnerable of the vulnerable. people who are stateless, homeless, in prisons, in refugee or migrant camps, migrant workers, these are the people who are dying globally in their tens of thousands, they don't get the luxury of a vaccine. truly, we do owe a moral duty to our own country, but he an idea. why notjust vaccinate the most vulnerable in our own country, like the uk or the us, and then wait for the young and healthy, give those doses away to lower income countries, so that they can do the same thing,
concentrate on their most disadvantaged, their most vulnerable, and then eventually there will be enough vaccines for everyone in the world. i don't expect countries to just say sure, let's give everything away, but i do expect them to have their conscience nagged at them, itjust doesn't seem to be happening. them, itjust doesn't seem to be happening-— be happening. talking about that, i have _ be happening. talking about that, i have to _ be happening. talking about that, i have to ask _ be happening. talking about that, i have to ask you - be happening. talking about i that, i have to ask you whether you feel that the who is really in a position to lecture on best practice, there has been so much criticism of the failure to declare an international emergency earlier, a failure criticised specifically by the independent panel for pandemic preparedness and response. panel for pandemic preparedness and resume-— and response. yeah, i mean, i think the _ and response. yeah, i mean, i think the who _ and response. yeah, i mean, i think the who made _ and response. yeah, i mean, i think the who made some - and response. yeah, i mean, i- think the who made some errors, very early in the pandemic, mostly because they amplified china's incorrect information,
saying that this was not a serious problem, there was very little community spread. but the truth is actually that under the international health regulations, the who did declare the public health emergency quite early actually, and i am absolutely confident, i don't know anybody who isn't, who knows the situation, that that would have changed the course of the pandemic. they should acted earlier, i am one of the who's closest friends and closest friends tell the hard truths. around the world, they care a lot. they have a lot of passion, they do have a lot of passion, they do have a lot of passion, they do have a lot of moral credibility, and we should listen to them. they are speaking the truth. this is are speaking the truth. this is a moralfailure on the part of high income governments. professor, thank you very much. thank you for having me.
more than 70 protesters have been detained in russia as they demanded the release of the opposition leader, alexei navalny, who was arrested on his return to moscow on sunday. mr navalny, who'd been recovering in germany from a nerve agent attack, had called for demonstrations. he'll be detained for 30 days and another hearing at the end of the month could result in a lengthy prison sentence. from moscow, our correspondent steve rosenberg reports. chanting. "we're for navalny," it says. "alexei, alexei" they shout. mr navalny�*s supporters came to the police station where he was being held. a makeshift court room had been set up inside. it would rule on whether the kremlin critic should be sent to jail. in a freezing cold russian winter, piping hot tea was a welcome relief. it's bitterly cold here. it's -20. but supporters of mr navalny are waiting for the result
of the court hearing and shouting, "let him go." in a video message from the court room, mr navalny denounced the hearing as a mockery of justice. after he was ordered to be kept in custody for 30 days, he called on russians to take to the streets and not stay silent. alexei navalny is the russian opposition leader most capable of organising large—scale anti—government protests. it's why the kremlin sees him as a threat. navalny was and is danger number one for vladimir putin in russia. it's very difficult to fight against massive public protests. mr navalny is convinced it was the kremlin that ordered his poisoning by nerve agent. the russian authorities deny any connection. but the decision to detain him will have been taken
at the very top. for now, he's going to jailfor a month. that could turn into years. and if it does, the authorities risk turning alexei navalny into a political martyr. something the kremlin always wanted to avoid. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we speak to the former british special forces officer who led nepalese mountaineers to a place in history. donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it's going to be only america first. america first.
demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with tear gas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they will carry on the protests throughout the tour. they called him - the butcher of lyon. klaus altman is being held. on a fraud charge in bolivia. the west germans want i to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there, he was the gestapo chief klaus barbie. - millions came to bathe as close as possible to this spot, a tide of humanity that's believed by officials to have broken all records. this is bbc news — the latest headlines: the rate of coronavirus infection is beginning to fall in the united kingdon. in the last 24 hours there have been less than 40,000 new cases — the first time that
has happened this year. however hospitals are still battling against rising admissions. supporters of the jailed russian activist alexei navalny have been arrested — after he urged people to protest against president putin's government. a team of nepalese climbers has safely descended after becoming the first ever to reach the top of the world's second highest mountain k2 — in winter. k2, along the pakistan—china border, is notoriously challenging with hurricane—strong winds and sub—zero temperatures. one of the leading members of the team is a former gurkha and british special forces soldier — and — he's been speaking to our correspondent, secunder kermani. conquering the so—called savage mountain in the depth of winter. for decades, it defied the world's toughest climbers. now, this former gurkha and british special forces this is my team here in the tent, hello!
..along with a team of other nepalese mountaineers has made history. it was super cold, and every step we climbed was an effort. so, you know, when we got to the summit, what we did was just ten metres before the summit, the whole team stopped together and, yeah, we sing the national anthem of nepal, and we made it to the summit together. some of the, obviously, team members were very emotional as well, including myself. there are 14 mountains in the world higher than 8,000 metres. k2 was the only one yet to be scaled in winter, because it's so challenging. dozens have lost their lives on the mountain. k2 is super steep, you know. either you have to go through, you know, blue ice or rock, so it's very technical. on top of that, if you add, you know, the temperature, up to —65 degrees, you know, even —70. what kept everyone going was, everybody wanted this to their bone.
the men began as members of different teams but banded together to reach the summit. a huge success for nepal, whose mountaineers have often worked out of the spotlight supporting western climbers. secunder kermani, bbc news, islamabad. president—electjoe biden�*s spokeswoman says the us will maintain travel bans on the uk, much of the eu and brazil despite an orderfrom president trump to lift them. the white house decreed on monday that the entry ban would end on 26 january, six days after mr biden takes office. our north america correspondent, david willis has the latest. that's right, the travel ban that was brought into effect in the early part of last year mike, and itapplied to travellers from brazil, and from much of europe, coming into the united states, and was imposed because of the coronavirus pandemic. today, president trump declared his
intention to lift that ban, starting from next week, some six days after he leaves office. not so fast said the incoming biden administration, their spokeswoman said they had no such plans to lift that ban, and of course, combating the coronavirus is the number one priority of the incoming president, joe biden. mr trump of course has been under pressure from the airlines, some of them had lost about 95% of their business, as far as europe was concerned anyway, because of that ban. two days ahead of the inauguration ofjoe biden as the 46th us president, the tightest security measures in recent memory are in place in washington. officials are determined to prevent any repeat of the events of january 6th, when the capitol was stormed by a pro—trump mob in a failed bid to prevent mr biden�*s victory from being certified. all 25,000 members of the national guard are being vetted by the fbi, over fears of the risk of "insider attacks". clint van zandt is a
former chief hostage negotiator for the fbi and supervisor of its behavioral science unit. he's near washington. do you expect anything to happen apart from the inauguration of course in washington on wednesday or elsewhere in the country? ida. washington on wednesday or elsewhere in the country? no, i don't exoect — elsewhere in the country? no, i don't expect anything _ elsewhere in the country? no, i don't expect anything right - don't expect anything right away that is going to happen, there is 25,000 national guard troops, more troops than we have had deployed in any combat zone around the world as well as fbi and multiple other federal agencies. there is fencing, there is cars, there's trucks. no i don't think anything is going to happen, nothing like happened almost two weeks ago. what i'm afraid will happen is the groups who participated, the individuals who have beliefs along the same lines have long memories and i think well after the national guard goes home on defence comes down, these groups will still be out there and with the new biden administration, i think there is going to be some
challenges that some of these individuals will put up and fortunately, we are notjust talking in the tens and maybe hundreds, we are talking in the thousands. this is a very challenging time for the united states. as you well know, we have the rights that took place last summer. justin minneapolis, minnesota, 700 buildings were burned or destroyed so this country has a lot of healing to do and our new president as well as the commander—in—chief has to be the healer in chief. just briefly if— the healer in chief. just briefly if you _ the healer in chief. just briefly if you could, - the healer in chief. justl briefly if you could, what faith do you have in this vetting of the national guard? presumably anybody with really bad intentions would have covered their tracks by now. they would have been uncovered already by now. again, this is the job of the pi already by now. again, this is thejob of the pi but already by now. again, this is the job of the pi but by vetting, they will take every name, date of birth and social security number in the united states and see if those names come up on any type of list, on
any militia individual. i've heard estimates of perhaps at least for me obviously, if not 75 or 80% of the voting membership of the guard may have voted for president trump but again, i think most people have the ability to set rate their military responsibility from their political viewpoints. we've seen this go wrong in countries around the world but i think every effort is being made right now to make sure it doesn't happen in washington as well as the 50 different state capitals where there were warnings perhaps that some type of demonstration could take place on the 20th of this month. it could take place on the 20th of this month-— this month. it sounds like we may well _ this month. it sounds like we may well be _ this month. it sounds like we may well be talking - this month. it sounds like we may well be talking to - this month. it sounds like we may well be talking to you i may well be talking to you again in the next few days. thank you for your time. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter —
i'm @bbcmikeembley. hello there. storm christoph has been named by the met office and it will bring a double whammy of severe weather and disruption in the next few days. first up is the rain and flooding. this is rain accumulating in the next three days, and the bright colours show where we are expecting the heaviest of the rain. it will be very wet in the welsh hills, but the main concern is the amount of rain expected in the southern pennines and northern peak district. we have an amber rain warning here that has been extended into the midlands, and parts of eastern england as well. river levels already very high, and the ground is very wet as well. we've got rain developing at the moment across much of england and wales. keeping it mild as the wind picks up. further north, though, it's much colder. frost and some icy patches in northern scotland. but the rain is still around during tuesday, and it
will rain all day, pretty much, across northern england and northern ireland. further south across england and wales, after the overnight rain it should be drier for a while but we will see more rain coming in, especially across wales and the south west. some of that rain pushing into southern scotland bringing the threat of sleet and snow in the southern uplands. it is certainly colder across scotland with a few showers and some sunshine in the north. much milderfor much of england and wales. ii or 12 degrees with some wind and, of course, some rain. that rain continues, actually, on tuesday evening, tuesday night and into wednesday as well. particularly across england and wales. it should dry off a bit across northern ireland. more wet weather coming into some southern and south eastern parts of scotland threatening some more snow over the high ground as well. again, it's quite cold across scotland and northern ireland, much milderfor england and wales with more rain on the way. that rain coming from storm christoph, that's the centre of the storm there. it is actually going to strengthen during wednesday night. the winds are really going to pick up as it moves northwards into the colder air there will be more snow falling
overnight and into thursday morning. especially in scotland, could be 40 cm of snow and perhaps as much as that over the high ground, some snow over other hills of scotland and the northern pennines. drier further south, but it will be colder, and it will feel colder in the wind as well. so two main areas of concern, really, the wet weather in the next few days bringing flooding. especially across parts of northern england, the midlands and eastern england. and then as if that was not enough we've got this increasing risk of snow, particularly in scotland with some blizzards and drifting of the snow in the hills.
this is bbc news, the headlines: more than 70 protesters have been detained in russia as they demanded the release of the opposition leader, alexei navalny. he was arrested just hours after he returned to moscow for the first time since being poisoned last year. he had called for demonstrations against president putin's government. the rate of coronavirus infection is beginning to fall in the united kingdom. in the past 24 hours there have been fewer than 40,000 new cases, the first time that has happened this year. but hospitals are still battling against rising admissions and a shortage of critical care beds. joe biden�*s administration has said the united states says it will maintain covid travel restrictions which have banned visitors from most of europe and brazil. the announcement was made shortly after the outgoing president, donald trump ordered the measures to be lifted from next week.