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tv   Tax Reform Panel Discussion  CSPAN  April 26, 2017 8:53am-9:38am EDT

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you move over and you're a trillion dollars closer to what tax reform should look like. it is an extremely important first step. if you skip that you end up with a mess. >> the path to getting it done, if you're able to do that you'll lose moderates but it could get through the house but then the senate will be difficult too, isn't it? >> this has been prenegotiated.
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there is stuff that's not yet filled in. this has been worked with the senate and governors as well. obamacare repeal is also the reform of medicaid granting medicaid to the 15 states and having 50 states do as clinton did, 50 different approaches. you learn what works and what doesn't work. it's a reform of medicaid, plus a trillion tax cut. when ryan and the president told the freedom caucus go in a room and go back when you can count to 218 that was important rather than have each one whispering about the other kid or trump's ear and they got tired of that and said you guys work it out. that's where i think they
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wouldn't have walked out of that room without the level of support they need. >> there are a lot of members who have debt bills and they want to attack the debt. they would tackle medicare and social security. do you think that he could change his mind? he was unsuccessful. do you think it possibly is something he would do in a second term if he wins? >> all indications are he sticks to the things he said during the campaign. the problem with those promises plus the existing situation is the numbers just don't add up. so i think the thing that's most likely to change his mind is if you go through where we are right now our debt is at the hi
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highest level since world war i ii. it will be his $10 trillion he has a lot of policies, two spending increases. you can't do that. you can't increase spending and take the most critical part of the budgetory reform off of the table. of i think the very first step in this process has to be the budget proposal. the budget was a skinny budget. it dealt with one-third of the budget for one year. soon they will come out with their full budget. the question is how will you have all of those numbers work together? what we know from republican is they have been very set on balancing the budget in ten years. you cannot get the balance if you have big tax cuts and importantly take off
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entitlements without going to -- and sorry, but numbers are completely unrealistic. the reason we will not have sustained 3% growth, but we have a very different labor market than we have had in the past. there are no credible estimates of all of those policies that could get us up to 3% in a sustained way. what i want to see is a comprehensive plan. that will include bringing our debt down and entitlement reform which we can't walk away from. >> how do you think tax reform should move through the house? you know the difficulties that health care presented, how do you think they will go about it? you mentioned trump administration is on board, leadership is on board. do you think this is going to be easier or harder than health care? >> well, i think it's very
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different than when i first got to congress, which is there is a great difference to what the chairman and leadership are going to do. that is obviously not the case now. it will have to be much more transparent than people were used to years ago. i think it is doable. i met with many members individually reforming tax reform. there is a base of knowledge. there are a lot of new members as well. i think there will have to be a real engagement. sort of all players on the field can make a big difference. i think very open and transparent and trying to build that consensus and i think it can be done. >> do you see the path as
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usually the house moves a bill along party lines but that perhaps the senate would be more bipartisan? the finance committee chairman wants to do some type of bipartisan bill. it would probably have to be republican votes only. >> the house has been sort of taking that mode for quite a while. i think it is important to talk with democrats. so i expect there would be discussions. i don't know whether house will allow any democrats to vote for the beal. >> let me respond. so i think for anything to even a proech bipartisanship the tax cuts will have to move closer to
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at least what i think democrats think of as tax reform. that involves again, revenue neutrality is probably too low a bar. and any plan will be or at least should be unacceptable to democrats and i believe will be unacceptable to most. on growth i just have to amplify the point. you heard the secretary. i have a lot of respect for the work he is trying to do. you heard him say the tax cut will pay for itself. the tax cut won't pay for itself because no tax cut has come close to paying for anything itself. it's not the same thing as saying they can't ever have any growth impacts but the growth impacts they have, which are uncertain, i can show you evidence of tax cuts that were negative in terms of growth.
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they are a couple of tenths of a percent at best and often not sustained. it is the idea that you can make up stories about how a lot of these very large aggressive tax cut is going to pay for itself. let's just agree we can stop pretending on that point. >> i think you can have dynamic scoring and growing the committee and frankly getting above 2% as opposed to below is huge. it is very important to do that. what i think it really depends on how you put the package together and you are obviously
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able to do tax reform in such a way that the committeconomy gro. we have had sort of flat growth and meeting incomes. if you can get that that moves that forward, so do we have to stick with a static score? >> can a tax cut pay for itself? >> to it can? >> it depends how you approach it. i do think -- >> the 2003 tax does instead it went up to 13.3. it raised money from what they said it was going to cost. we cut taxes and the government had more money over that period than they projected without the tax cut. that's the one tax cut we have had recently. it completely paid for itself. the idea that it never happens is a little silly.
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if you look at the reagan years we went from 2% growth to 4% growth. >> went from 20 to 40% gdp. >> the revenue went up. you said revenue and you shifted when -- >> tax cuts do not pay for themselves. >> you can also use it for policy issue that is maybe democrats might care about like infrastructure or other types of spending. it doesn't have to be limited to tax policy. >> i love a good fight about dynamic scoring. let me just say it clearly has merit. they have more effects on growth and it is useful to make sure. >> it is important about what will grow the economy. tax reforms will increase growth
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or pay for a fraction, maybe 20% of a tax cut. it will increase it by december. you do not want to turn sbiet one thing that it is not. a correlation is not some kind of academic model. they don't. >> first of all, 2003 tax cut what people said was going to happen and what did. earlier question was on bipartisan ship. when clinton raised taxes it was just with tax cuts.
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they can't find one since 1990 when bush found some who were willing to vote for a tax increase and that has largely ended. of all of the issues taxes are the ones that most divide on a partisan basis. we are not where republicans live north. we are now on two sides of the tax fight. so looking for the tax bill we should always be opened to that. i don't expect any. it is conceivable. if you don't get eight it's not worth having. >> it could be to 60.
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after you have already got the votes you could see one or two might vote that way. i tend to think the pressures are so strong that it won't happen. >> okay. >> on bipartisan ship i think he is exactly right, that dynamic scoring can show you where it is on the tax side and spending side. could you bring together tax reform and infrastructure will ch will grow the committee. >> he just said no. >> he did say no. but there are a lot of different players. there is potential something like that could grow together. i will go back to the point if it's paid for. the devil's bargain here is unpaid for infrastructure we can increase the debt by twice as much instead of going back to all of the findings that they grow the economy more when they are paid for. whoever thinks the biggest fight is between taxes i think it's people who are willing to make
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hard choices and people who think you can have something for nothing. >> as far as the state of the democratic party and critics say now why would the democrats want to give any type of victory? where do you see or do you think that, well, president trump hasn't been reaching out to them so the tone has been set. >> i think the problem for democrats is that the gap between donald trump's rhetoric in the campaign and extent to which he tried to appeal to working class people who have been left behind and the policies that we heard about on the stage today is huge and growing. i find it very very challenging other than a couple of photo ops to say this is going to help the
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working class. i really think the split is more one for those whom the committee has worked extremely well over the past few decades and the second group is the majority for bhom it hasn't. whether you're a d or r, a tax cut that delivers half of its benefits to the top 1% just looks completely wrong to you in the spirit of what's going on in the real committee and what the president ran on. it is a massive lobbying fight. is that the biggest obstacle overcoming lobbying interest? >> i thithere are common themes
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that some members of both parties agree with. ton international side finding a way to find dollars that are trapped overseas back. i think it's something democrats have expressed support for. i have been in the majority twice and minority twice. i know it doesn't stay in one way. you want to bring a couple of people along at a minimum if you
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can. >> that wouldn't protect lower taxes. it took the democrats all of two years to begin to undo the tax reform act of -- four years, two years into the bush administration in '90. that was four years later. many had voted for the tax reform package. the desire is unending. it's not -- if some democrats voted to cut taxes because they are one of the eight guys and may well, that doesn't change the fact that the rest of them are addicted to having more and more taxes. i mean the challenges, this is the divide between the parties. it's the central divide between the parties. democrats keep asking for tax increases. they keep asking for the same thing repeatedly and in different ways. our job is to keep saying no.
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>> so let me say that i miss dave camp and -- >> you may be alone on that. >> i don't think so. >> stay here. >> i miss him a little less today. and it's not because i agreed with everything he wrote down but his work was always serious and much deeper than anything i have seen since. see, the problem with the way i think you tee this up, grover is it's teenaged boys against whomever. i'm trying to bring facts to the table here. the percent of people over 65 will grow from 15 to 21%. that's demographics. that's not teenaged boys at a prom. that's reality.
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people have ideas and i know mya has some. we have good arguments about that. but that's the argument. it's not that democrats want to raise taxes because we are crazy about taxes, it's that democrats look at the challenges we face. that bubble does go through the system and comes down later, and so those costs will not always be on the present. they are costs that we face. to deny that is to put the debate in a nonreality, where it has been stuck as lock as ng as have been here. >> the first thing the democrats did in 2008 was to take $800 billion and throw it up in the air, not to reform entitlements, not to fully fund entitlements. >> i don't know what you're
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talking about. >> an $800 stimulus. >> it was a very effective piece of work. >> it gave us less than 2% growth. >> we are on a different page on that. >> the reason they want to raise taxes is to -- >> that has nothing to do with it. >> it doesn't have anything to do with the debt. >> no, the deficit. >> contributing less than half a cent. >> you know, we never felt tax reform would solve all of our problems. revenues fell dramatically. i always felt tax reform was one tool that could help get our economy growing again. you will not solve all of the problems with tax reform in and of itself. i think it is an important thing we should be talking about and trying to bring consensus on
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trying to move forward. you're going to have to have trade offs. some may have an r after their name but that's not necessarily their crews on policy matters. do you see that a good amount of conservatives would blow a hole not nation's debt problems would vote no? >> i think they are probably struggling with that right now. we will find out. i think a comprehensive budget is critical. what they need to see is okay. i have been saying i need to balance the budget in ten yores or fo -- years or four years. >> just to balance the budget would require $8 trillion in
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saving savings. >> i think we have to get the debt down so it's not growing faster than the economy. any fiscal goal will be just exploded. i think they have to go through kind of the overall trade offs. i think it comes back to entitlement reform. throughout the campaign the president kept saying he would grow the economy by growth rates. he was going to take that and use it to deal with our fiscal challenges. one, to your point, we cannot fix this problem with tax reform
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alone. if we used it to pay for it already you can't double count them and also use them to fix the fiscal situation. so one of the promises from the trump administration is we are going to grow the economy. you can't say we will use it to pay for everything. far growth plan to help with fiscal challenges you want to keep things on the table and try to get the debt at least not growing as quickly as it's supposed to. anybody who struggles is going to put having to deal with a plan first. >> spending and taxes are not two different project lines. we will do many things. we won't raise taxes. only then are they ever willing to talk about reform and government.
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when tax increases are on the table they don't reform government they spend the money. when people say we have prices with entitlements the politician says i'll raise taxes to pay for all of the stuff we have been doing and more stuff. do you say we are not going to do things that don't work anymore, take things that were always stupid and stop doing them and if we are going to do something in addition we'll find less spending somewhere else. so saying no to tax increases is step one. i'm why not have a pledge that says say no to spending ib
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creases in. >> i thought about it but -- >> it's just saying -- >> it's not as easy. >> yeah. >> pledges are really dumb. the difference in a much more thoughtful approach is that you can say cutting taxes is good and raising taxes is bad. it's very dynamic. there is a time for both. if you look at the spending side of the equation where all of the spending cuts have come from, i object to this notion of talking about spending as if it's this thing up there in the sky, you to get down to cases.
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if you look at where we have cut spending most and particularly on the nondefense discretionary side. that includes training of workers. that includes administration functions people say are very important to them. it is a set of opportunity programs for low income people that means a ton to them. in my view it helps break down some of the opportunity barriers people are struggling with these days but voted for trump to help them with. my problem is he is not doing any of the above. so let's get down to cases. let's not talk about this. >> so how do you deal with the nation's debt problem would you just keep doing clean debt hikes? do you increase taxes? what the solution or is it
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growth? >> i'm with mya on the growth. i don't do magic growth numbers. i think that the -- in order to raise the revenues we need to both stabilize and bring down the debt we are going to have to raise more revenue. i have a piece that takes you through how to do that. a lot of it has to do with closing loopholes. i think some of the things he was leaning into and certainly key to is closing a bunch of loopholes, capping tax expenditures, getting rid of step up basis, equalizing taxes on labor and nonlabor income. >> and just to put that thought in perspective we lose 1.6 trillion per year in tax expenditures. >> who is we? the american people or government? >> the government.
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>> we is a different thing. >> okay. the government and then we have to make up for it, we the taxpayer have to make up for it or we the citizens have a bigger debt. >> i'm looking forward to the reducing spending. i'm a huge supporter of reducing spending. >> they don't all vote on that stuff. everybody votes yes or no at a tax increase. >> the lawmakers do on those laws. they are able to change entitlements. >> you write the pledge that could hold and look at it. >> so pick your pronoun. the government looses 1.6 trillion from tax expenditures. most are on the individual side and some are on the corporate side. i think the exercise of looking through which of these and then bringing down the rates would be a really good way to do the
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trade offs. it went through a lot of these exercises. getting rid of those tax breaks and putting them into lower rate is a very strong plan for growing the economy through tax reform. >> even under a dynamic score you're not going to be able to sort of ignore all of those. the reason i did both scores is no tax bill had done. >> so it's going to be incredibly challenges. i'm still optimistic that the desire to make sure that the
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future growth is here in the united states, that corporate headquarters remain in the united states, that people have a shot at upward mobility which is what growth and jobs and higher incomes do. i think you can get sort of those metrics which help make the case for the policies that you're trying do. >> let me say two things about dynamic scoring. when the tax plan came out -- and again, there was a ton to admire in that plan. because dynamic score, they did the right thing. they gave about six different versions of what they thought it would do. those versions lead to higher gdp growth. the folks who are trying to sell dave camp's plan, they chose the
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1.6. this is a cherry-picking opportunity. and cost fell to 6 trillion. that's how much they found that tax cut would pay for themselves using state of the art methodology. i'm not against dynamic scoring. i'm against cherry picking and dynamic scoring abuse. >> we were plowing new ground there. they did give ranges. that was expected. they said revenue would be between 50 and 800 billion. >> understood. >> no. it's been refined. they are required to give a dollar number. there won't be ranges anymore.
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so part of this process is evolving the modelling and then i would also say many of the outside groups and think tanks and analysis that looked at the bill actually gave it more generous growth nurmbers. i do think it will be a more refined number. i do think we'll have a better analysis. why not welcome that as opposed to an analysis that assumes no matter what you do the economy doesn't grow. >> what we heard was we can't have 4% growth anymore. it limits to growth. at the end of the obama administration with 2% growth
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recovery in modern history they said we can't have growth anymore. the excuse always comes at the end of an administration that we can't have growth. when you change that policy you can get growth. we have growth when we didn't let clinton spend the money he wanted to spend in the last six yea years. >> it doesn't count? >> it counts but -- >> it's a bipartisan effort to stop him from spending. his budget plans were $200 billion deficits as far as the eye could see. he wasn't allowed to do the spending -- >> thank you for your help. >> thanks are different now. we do need a plan to grow the economy. the labor market is not going to be as big of a contribute or of
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growth. i agree with looking at how we are spending money so it goes to more public investments. it would also change how our resources are spend. a key part is not growing our debt. when you look at these plans if the plan grows the debt that brings down your growth. in order do that you also need to offset to costs. because it is not the '90s to '80s we need to do everything we can to grow the economy. >> quickly, i have a scatter plot i will put up on my blog in honor of mya. you won't like what it shows. it shows the debt to gdp plotted
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against gdp per capita growth since 1792. it is a random scatter plot. unfortunately for your rap there, there is no systematic relationship between debt and growth. it doesn't mean the debt can grow out of control. i would be careful to at least try to tie it to -- >> was it at this point any other time other than world war ii? >> no. that's true. it is highly elevated. when the economy -- >> i will put a scatter plot on my nonexistent log too. >> when the economy moves towards full employment you want your gdp ratios to start coming down. >> we'll have to leave it there. a listless panel we have there. i'll hand it over to johanna. >> thank you so much, bob.
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this brings us to the end of our program. on behalf of the hill and american bankers association i appreciate you joining us. it will be on later today. thanks so much. have a great rest of your day. the head of the u.s. pacific command harris will testify this morning before the house arms services committee. we expect much of the questioning to fe kus on questions about the korean peninsula. you'll be able to watch it live here on c-span3. you can listen for free on the radio app. also coming up today at 1:30 eastern they are at the white house. they will be briefing reporters. you can see that live here on
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cspan-3. >> sunday on q and a the house of truth, a washington political salon. we talk with brad snyder on his group about intellectuals. race wasn't an issue for him. it took a 1923 case which found for the first time that the mob dominated criminal trials of southern blacks filing the due process clause. it's the first time they struck down a conviction under the due


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