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tv   American Artifacts History of State Department Building  CSPAN  February 18, 2018 3:50pm-4:01pm EST

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since our opponents will not, i will let you in on a secret justice kennedy will be just the kind of justice you and i have been determined to put on the court. [applause] you can watch the entire speech by president reagan at the conservative political action conference on real america-- on reel sunday at 4:00 eastern on american history tv. >> the state department's pavilion opened in january of 2017. the center the -- the center uses programs and artifacts to educate the public about diplomacy they plan to eventually open a museum at the location. visit the center storage area to see some of their 7000 artifacts. >> there is been a lot of homes at the department of state that have moved around a lot. and different cities as well. washington was not the
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original capital of the united states. the first capital was in new york city. the department of state is the oldest cabinet agency that was established. thomas jefferson was our first secretary of state. george washington formally asked him to be secretary of state. he was in france at the time but he agreed. the first was in new york and then it moved to philadelphia in 1790. it was there for about 10 years until all of the federal offices moved back to washington dc. the department of state is very small but they had -- there was no home for them until 1819 when a brick structure was built flanking the white house. that was the home of the department of state for a number of years. john quincy adams was the first secretary to occupy that space. sewardt was william right after the civil war. it was determined it was too small.
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they needed a bigger building. that building was demolished and the building put in its place is old executive office building, but in 1875 it was the new executive office building. it remained there until it was determined once again that it was too small, mostly because of world war two and we realized we needed not only embassies but we needed more protection for american citizens and so it was determined that the foggy bottom location was going to be the now permanent home of the department of state. >> no sooner did they move into foggy bottom -- >> it was not their original home either, the building was built for the war department in 1940 and one of the cool things about the diplomacy center, it is physically attached to that old exterior of the 1940 building. >> the old war building. >> the old war building.
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the war department became the department of defense, so the pentagon was built and in 1947 is when the department of state moved into that building and george marshall was the first secretary of state. when visitors come in they can see the historic lobby where we had an interesting mural painted that shows the war department, the legacy. let's talk about the further expansion. >> they were not there for more than 10 years before they realized they needed a lot more space. to significantly expand the building to what we know today, which borders 21st street and 23rd street, as well -- c street street
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and d street, so there was a cornerstone laying ceremony. >> presided by none other than president eisenhower. when eisenhower laid the cornerstone of the building, he wel that it been used by george washington to lay the cornerstone of the u.s. capitol and they also put in some historic documents. during the kennedy in ministration, -- during the kennedy administration there was another expansion and this is where we get the modern state department. the diplomacy center is at 21st street and that is where the old war building was. c street is the diplomatic entrance. >> they celebrated the dedication and opening of this new expansion on january 5, 1961. it was a relatively quick
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construction from 1957 to 1961. ,e have the dedication program there was much fanfare with the marine band. what we know today as the modern building. this booklet was created to advertise and celebrate the new home, the new home of american diplomacy. one interesting historical fact about this new building, as you said it was at the beginning of the kennedy administration. would holdennedy press conferences at the department of state auditorium, what is now called the dean acheson auditorium. this booklet explains a bit of
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the history and use of the building. would you consider reopening diplomatic relations with cuba? last part first, we are not considering such a step at the present time. interestedstates is and i think this administration is extremely interested in movements in latin america or central america or the caribbean which provide a better life for the people.
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>> this monday on american history tv, historian and biographer richard brooke kaiser hiser addressesk the question before george washington in 1777, per the british subdued the americans by capturing their capital. >> washington is fighting attacks in his own rear. he has lost at branded wine and then again at germantown, there are people in congress who are cooped up in york and they are having doubts about this
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man. there are also officers who would like to displace him. >> replace him, also? >> take his plates -- take his place. there is general gaetz he was given a gold medal by congress. whohere is general gates was given a gold medal by congress. byre is a french volunteer the name of conway, that is an irish name but he is from an irish catholic family that came to france, he is a frenchman. is -- this is when france becomes our ally, he thinks he should be running the war effort. this is an ongoing thing and it will not end until the following year, until 1778. these little plots. it is also hard for historians to figure them out.
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they were plots. people were not writing diaries about what they were thinking of. we have to speculate and figure out, but washington himself felt beleaguered eye this. -- beleaguered by this. he has allies and people sticking up for him. hamilton among them. washington's staff is very loyal. most people who serve with washington directly are very impressed. you can watch the entire program this monday at 8:00 eastern on american history tv only on c-span3. the conservative political action conference has been held every year since 1974, when
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california governor ronald reagan delivered the first keynote up next on "reel america," from 30 years ago, president reagan speaks about the state of the conservative movement. in february, 1988, he contrasts what he sees as conservative accomplishments with what he argues are the ineffective liberal ideas of the democratic party. this is 30 minutes. [applause] pres. reagan: thank you. thank you all, thank you very much. thank you. [cheering and applause]

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