tv Federal Highway Administrator Confirmation Hearing CSPAN January 29, 2019 8:00pm-9:35pm EST
tonight, on c-span three, a senate confirmation hearing for the nominee to head the federal highway administration. law professors discuss the current makeup of the supreme court, and federal judge jeffrey sutton talks about the role of state constitutions, and state supreme court, in our legal system. nicole mason, the nominee to head the federal highway administration, testified at her senate confirmation hearing today. she has previously served as administrator of the national highway traffic safety administration, under george w. bush. wyoming senator john harasser, chairs the environmental public works committee. this is an hour and a half. er.
today we will consider the nomination good morning. i called this hearing to order. today, we will consider the nomination of nicole mason to be the administrator of the federal highway administration at the united states department of transportation. she is well qualified for this important post. she brings impressive meaningful experience in federal transportation policy to this critical the important position. i applaud president trumps nomination of such an accomplished and dedicated public servant. the federal highway administration plays an essential role in american mobility. the administration is the lead federal partner to the state and local transportation programs that maintain and improve our nation's roads, highways, and bridges. america's infrastructure faces a lot of challenges. for fall far too long, the administration has been without
leadership. moreover, the authorization of the federal highway programs will expire and sit up or of next year. the congressional office projects that the highway trust fund will become insolvent sometime in 2021. that is why we must work together in this committee to work and pass a bipartisan highway bill that upgrades america's roads and bridges in a fiscally responsible manner, and do it in this congress. we successfully worked together to pass comprehensive by artisan water infrastructure legislation. let's come together to fix our highways, roads, and bridges. this legislation must adjust the needs of rural america as well as rural america. federal highways like i 81 coast to coast, bringing goods and services across america. this includes the stretch of i 80 in my home state of wyoming. we must maintain and improve
these highways in rural states, that keep these vital at arteries of congress open. in addition, i strongly supported the federal highway programs current reliance on distributing funds by formula to the states. this is the best way to ensure that funding is transformed into product, into projects quickly. the federal highway administration will need a strong administrator to work with congress on the deployment, development, and implementation of highway infrastructure legislation. nicole mason is the right person for the job. during the bush administration, she served as administrator of the national highway traffic safety ministration, the department of transportation's top road safety official. prior to this role, she served as the department administrations assistant secretary government affairs, and played a key role in the go shading the bipartisan project of a five-year service
transportation reauthorization bill. she currently serves as the assistant secretary united states department borough administration where she manages 2000 employees and contractors. she has won praise from a wide variety of groups. heaven witty, the national president of mothers stated nicole is a true champion of highway safety and will be an asset to the department of transportation, as the federal highway administration administrator. on behalf of of mad, i endorse her for this position. the associated general contractors of america so that she is a superb choice to for the federal highway administration leadership role in improving mobility, on our nation's highways. as such, the associated general contractor urges the senate to quickly confirm her nomination. the governors highway, the safety association, said throughout her career, this
nation has demonstrated a commitment to public service. in during her tenure as administrator, a dedication to advancing highway safety. confirming her to be administrator of the federal highway administration will be an important step in supporting our nation's highways, roads, and bridges. i urge all of my colleagues to work with me to get this done, and will now turn to the ranking member for his statement, senator. >> thank you mr. chairman. it is my attempt to place a hold on the nomination. no, it is not really. who are those old people sitting next to you, are those your kids? how are you guys, tell us your names. on the right, first hi, abby. okay, who is the big guy? thank you.
>> i thought you were the big guy? >> oh, no. i want to thank you guys for your willingness to share. wer privileged to serve with norman, the house representative it's great to rssee norman. we are pleased to serve with norman, the house representatives years ago, and as secretary of the interior, i don't know what else he is got, he is the one we have left in delaware. by the horseshoe crab population of our region, there is a sanctuary that was created, and he had a big role in doing that to save the horseshoe crabs, which have been around for hundreds of millions of years. ms. mason, thank you for coming before our committee this morning. we welcome you and your family here today. we welcome your nomination to leave the federal highway
administration. one of my colleagues will recall, you are not the first person nominated by this ministration for this job. a fellow from iowa, a d.o.t. director there, director of transportation, withdrew his name as a nominee, because of the illness of his father. he wanted to spend the last weeks and months with his dad, and he passed on this drive in order to be able to do that. his family's misfortune, has opened up this opportunity for you. it is interesting, when i was talking with you yesterday, and he spoke about your own father, and the impact that his life, his misfortune, actually with a terrible motorcycle accident, sort of helped guide you into safety and vehicular safety. but, it has now been more than two years since you have had administrator. i think it more than 100 years.
back on the federal highway administration was known as the bureau of public roads. i have long said that leadership is a key to success of any organization. we have heard, many times over the last two years, that the trump administration is eager to enact major infrastructure legislation, and to make significant investments in rebuilding our country's roads, highways, bridges, our transit systems. with that in mind, in my view, it is counterintuitive to have left vacant for such a long period of time, this important leadership role in federal highway administration, that agency that is critical in our infrastructure mission. but, i hope your nomination, the president's nomination, to be administrator of federal highway administration's, both evans, that the trump administration is aware of these organizational needs, and also signal that the administration is ready to work
with congress on the authorizing of our nation's transportation systems. the federal highway administration is the lead federal agency that oversees more than 220,000 miles of our national highway system. in some 145,000 bridges. today, far too many of these roadways and bridges have been in use, well beyond their original design, and are in as we know, poor condition. too many drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists put their lives at risk, with the use of the roadways. in 2017, there were more than 37,000 fatalities in our nation's roadways. that is approximately the same number as the number of lives lost in our country to gun violence. too many americans also lack access to reliable transit or safe places to walk, bike, or to charge stations for electric
fueling stations. that means that many people in our country that would like to reduce the carbon footprint may not have as many options as they would otherwise have. next year, the fast act, which provided five years of funding and policy certainty, for our transportation sector, is set to expire. congress must work now on reauthorizing our federal service transportation grams, so that we can provide continued certainty for states, for tribal communities, for cities and laws addressing the opportunities and challenges, facing our transportation sector today in years to come. we have a rapidly evolving transportation industry, in which new tools, data, and technology are disrupting traditional practices of planning and building, operating, and using road infrastructure. as we know, our climate is changing. our vehicles and traffic patterns accelerate and exasperate that change, while at the same time, increasing extreme weather events wear down our transportation
networks. in addition to these major policy concerns, we face another big problem. our highway trust fund is going broke. last year, we spent almost $13 billion more from the highway trust fund that we collected in revenue. i'll say that again, last year we spent almost $13 billion more from the highway trust fund then we collected in revenue. next year, that deficits will be even greater. to pay for the fast act and for service transportation, we took $70 billion from our general fund, and other programs. at a time when our federal budget deficit last year reached $750 billion, i believe we are on target to reach in our federal deficit for this year, $850 billion. maybe next year, as much as $1 trillion. for the next five-year transportation bill, we will need to find an additional $80 billion just to keep our
program at current funding levels. despite spending more than we collect, we still are not even spending enough. the back laws and money needed to rehabilitate bridges has grown to $800 billion. think about that, $800 billion backlog. while you are thinking about that, let me conclude by saying that i hope ms. mason will prove to be a true partner to those of us here in congress, one who will work with us from day one, to address these challenges i have just mentioned, and other challenges in the months and years ahead. these challenges are great, but so are the opportunities. i am hopeful that ms. mason will prove to be the need leader that is needed right now to find opportunity in adversity, so we can seize the day. thank you. welcome. >> thank you very much senator carpenter. we have a special privilege of this committee to hear from one of the greats in american politics and history. norman mehta is here, former secretary of transportation, 20
years in the house, chairman of the transportation committee in the house, then was secretary of commerce for bill clinton, secretary of transportation for george w. bush. if you google him, what you get is norman mehta, is says al simpson. there is no way to avoid this linkage that began as boy scouts in cody, wyoming, written about recently in the by ashington washington post. we are so privileged to have you joining us today. so, with this, i would like to ask you, mr. secretary, to please proceed. >> mr. chairman, can i also just a voice the fact i am so pleased to see you, i just thank you for your service. you are so helpful to me when i was in the house, and you are secretary of transportation.
even before that, and you gave me great advice. i truly, are a model for what this place should be all about, working with both sides, trying to get a result. the secretary, and one of my mentors, were great friends. and again, thank you for your service. thank you for helping so many of us in so many different ways, we appreciate you. >> thank you, mr. secretary? >> i thank you for the honor of appearing before you this morning. and, permitting me to address you. it is a pleasure to see so many senators and former colleagues with whom i have had the pleasure to work over the years. thank you for this honor and privilege to speak on behalf of of nicole r nason, the nominee
for highway administrator. i have known nicole since 2003, when she came to the department of transportation to serve as our assistant secretary of government affairs. the secretary of transportation, i met with nicole nearly every day to discuss legislative proposals, and strategies. however, her counsel went far beyond legislative issues. she was a key member of my executive team, and what this one of the departments liaisons, with the white house, and the office of management and budget. after three years, as the assistant secretary, i recommended to presidents, to george w. bush, that the she be nominated as d.o.t.'s national highway traffic safety administrator. she was unanimously confirmed by the senate, and served until
2008 as administrator. she successfully implemented numerous safety mandates, and reporting requirements, by safety lou. and, during nicole's tenure as administrator, significant rulemaking, were completed electronic stability control, side impact priorities, protection, and improvement in strength, all because of her leadership skills. now, she also instituted ace aries of public meetings, addressing topics such as the new car assessment program, school bus safety, child safety seats, and use of ignition interlock devices. and, many of these proposals
originated from these meetings were later enacted by the agency. i also turned to nicole to represent the department and the internationally. she spoke at the united nations in geneva on international harmonization and safety regulations. she conducted an important bilateral with the chinese government to prevent the sale of fraudulently made automobile tires. nicole is an accomplished government executive. an experienced transportation leader, and an individual with a high degree of personal integrity, and character. frankly, though, mr. chairman, and members of the committee, and there are several people that nicole could have had
appeared before you, and attest to her record. and the proven attributes of her character. i responded very quickly to nicole, to appear on her behalf, because i believe nicole's nomination is, excuse me, an important opportunity for the senate and this nation. because of the convergence of certain factors, nicole's nomination transcends the usual confirmation of one more subcabinet executive. as this committee so well knows, i served in congress for over 20 years. is recited by the chairman, i
was the secretary of commerce for a democratic president, and the secretary of transportation for a republican president. in all three of these positions, the key to any success that i had was persistent advocacy in seeking bipartisan collaboration whenever and wherever i could find it. this committee has done remarkable work with those two and succeeded where others could not. last year, your outstanding bipartisan work, regarding our nation's water infrastructure was a true public policy achievement benefiting every american.
as you know, our nation's transportation infrastructure faces similar challenges. and at a time where bipartisanship can be a scarce commodity, i believe this committee has the opportunity, once again, to revive this essential practice of governance. as many experts and pundits have indicated, infrastructure legislation is one of the best opportunities where this can occur. having nicole r mason at federal highway administration, will assist the committee, and this congress in achieving this national need. she will strive to find common ground on a bipartisan basis on which to achieve needed
solutions. she will be relentless in seeking opportunities and in the critical work federal highway administration, will perform in working with you. she is the right person at the right time, for this position, and i know she will not let you down. mr. chairman, because of that, i am grateful to nicole. for allowing me to appear before you and this committee to speak, to speak in support of her candidacy as federal highway administrator. thank you mr. chairman, and i would be very pleased to answer any questions senators may have with respect to her nomination. >> well, thank you so very much mr. secretary. as you said, others could have
appeared here to introduce her, but certainly, the opinion of the chair, and the entire committee, none what is anguished, and then more welcome than you. so, we are delighted to have you, we are welcome to stay through the rest of the hearing. the chair nor the committee have any questions for you, but just to wish you very well, and you are always welcome to join us at this committee. thank you so much mr. secretary. >> norm, mr. secretary, before you leave. >> mr. secretary, before you leave, i leaned over while you were speaking, i said to the chairman, i said this administration, it would smart to for you to come talk -- great to see you my friend. >> now, we would like to welcome to the committee our
nominee, nicole nason, who is the nominee to be the administrator of the federal highway administration. we are delighted to have you, and congratulations on your nomination. i want to remind you, that your full written testimony will be made part of the record. we look forward to hearing your testimony today. i know you have members of the family here. if you would like to introduce them to additional introductions , and then when you're finished, please proceed with your testimony. thank you. >> mr. chairman? ranking member carper members of the committee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today, to be considered for the position of administrator of the federal highway administration at the department of transportation. if confirmed, i look forward to working with you to enable and empower the strengthening of a world-class highway system.
i would like to thank president donald trump and secretary chao, for the confidence in my ability to serve in this critical world. i would also like to express my gratitude to secretary norman minetta, not just for his appearance, and his remarks today, but for his years of extraordinary service to our country, his life story is incredible, and he remains one of my personal heroes. i am pleased to have with me today, my husband david. i know you met them briefly, but my son brady, age 10, and my daughter abby, age 14, and my daughter alex, age 17. i am grateful for their love and support, always, although i recognize that they get to miss school today for this. i would like to think they would come even on a saturday. mr. chairman, ranking member carper, as you are aware, i am
currently serving as the assistant secretary for administration at the state department. my 1900+ employees and contractors at the a bureau manage everything from logistics and shipping to the building repairs, to all departmental procurement. i love my position, but my heart is in transportation policy. that is why i was so excited and privileged, and president donald trump and secretary chao, invited me to return to my roots. at the department of transportation as a federal highway administrator. if confirmed, my first priority will be secretary chao's first priority, the safety of our transportation system. this focus unites the department across the modes, and will remain top of mind for me always. having served as administrator of the national highway traffic safety ministration, and having spent several years on the national board of directors of
mothers against drunk driving, i know the grim statistics all too well. in 2017, as the senator noted, there were 37,000, 133 people killed in motor vehicle crashes. this is an appalling number, and i believe the only acceptable number is zero. if confirmed, i hope to focus particularly on pedestrian safety. i would like to work with state and local leaders and members of this body, to improve pedestrian and cyclist safety by focusing on improved road design, and targeting our most dangerous intersections. secondly if confirmed, i intend to work closely with my fellow administrators and colleagues. i believe if we are to respond to our serious transportation challenges effectively, we need to work seamlessly. i intend to collaborate with my federal colleagues in washington dc, and all of our state, local, and tribal government partners to eliminate barriers to project delivery and timely success.
for many technologies cut across roads, and i will work with all our partners on the development and seek integration of these technologies. third, if i confirmed, i intend to visit our teams in the field. i would like to go out and meet with state and local, and tribal partners to see their concerns and hear their ideas personally. i learned while serving as this administrator, it is important to get out of dc, and understand the challenges firsthand. finally, i am aware of the role that hw a will play in the reauthorization of service transportation legislation as the 16th american transportation act will expire at the end of fiscal year 2020. how was proud to play a part in helping shape safety loop. i look forward to the prospect of working together on any legislative efforts. as this committee knows well, there is
not a one size fits all solution. mr. chairman, as the daughter of a new york county motorcycle highway patrol officer, i grew up hearing about highway and vehicle safety. i clearly remember dad's recent motorcycle crash while on the job, and his extended recovery at home. his helmet was the crack in the back, where his head smacked the payment, and knocked him unconscious. was his gift to me when i was confirmed, as this administrator. if confirmed as fhwa administrator, i will probably display the helmet in that office as well. the helmet with his eye reminder that there was a person and family behind all the statistics. a reminder that we can and should always strive to do more. again, mr. chairman, ranking
member carper, thank you for allowing me to appear before you today. if confirmed, i will commit to ever perform the role of fhwa member, and i will be happy to answer any questions. >> well, thank you for the incredible story of your father's commitment and service to the people of new york, and the people of this country, and to your continuing this legacy and concern. we are grateful you are willing to take this responsibility, and there are a couple of questions that you will get the members here. we ask that you answer this, we also have maybe some written questions afterwards. i hope you will respond to the hearing to the question throughout the hearing, and respond to the questions afterwards for the record. there were a couple of questions i have to ask, as we ask all nominees and half of the committee. do you agree if confirmed to appear before this committee, or designated members of the committee, and other
appropriate committees of the congress, and provide information, subject to appropriate necessary security protection, with respect to your responsibilities? >> yes, sir. >> and, do you agree to ensure that testimony, briefings, documents, and electronic and other forms of information are provided to this committee and its staff, and other appropriate committees in a timely matter? >> yes, sir. >> and do you know of any matters, which you may or may not have disclosed, that might place you in any conflict of interest if you are confirmed? >> no, mr. chairman. >> let me start with some questions. as i mentioned previously, served as the administrator of the national highway traffic safety ministration, confirmed by the senate during your tenure as administrator, what did you learn regarding the need for federal policymakers to account for differences in priorities and circumstances among rural versus urban states, obviously being from a rural area. how do you deal with that?
>> thank you mr. chairman. during my tenure at mensa, we were clear that there are unique needs of rule t rural state, and rural communities. my own state of you know, we always to say not all of new york is manhattan, and so there are unique needs where i grew up . infrastructure, aging roads, egress concerns, which compared to the challenges of new york city, congestion and other quality-of-life issues. so, we tend to focus on messaging, on a rural versus urban center, because they have different transportation concerns. they have different safety concerns, travel governments have different safety concerns. there is one thing we learned at mensa, we had a very
specific example of them, advertisements we were running. we learned that you can't take the same commercial, no matter how much time and money you may have spent into producing and packaging eight, and expected to have the same impact around the country, it won't. you have to know the specific challenges of those communities, and so that is something that i think i can bring to fhwa if i am confirmed. >> and if confirmed, we be assured that you will work diligently to make sure the federal highway ministration is sensitive to the concerns of rural states like iowa? >> yes. >> many states strongly -- they have told us that adequate formula funding is important because it provides the flexibility needed to plan effectively, and it enable states to put funds to work faster, which is a key issue for the state. do you agree that the existing formula programs to enable states to address their priorities, maybe more
effectively and more expeditiously than trying to create new programs that are less well understood and can take time to establish? >> yes, mr. chairman. thank you. i think from what i have heard in speaking with our partners, from my experience at the state department with construction of embassies and conflicts, what is most critical is the certainty in the funding. i think that is something that if i am confirmed, i will be happy to work with you and members of the committee, to make sure that states can plan, which i think is most essential. >> he would also likely agree, that there is unanimous consensus that transportation projects often take too long to complete, and that we need to work together to find ways to further streamline the process while still protecting the environment. we have heard testimony before the committee that suggests one of the reasons projects are significantly slow down, is too many agencies required to take action to approve a single
project. and, instead of being done concurrently, they are done consecutively, you have to wait for one and another and another. how important is streamlining to timely project delivery, and how can we best achieve it? >> i think streamlining, as you know, is essential for helping to resolve and make improvements more quickly. having served as the administrator at a time when we were raising standards, for the first time in many years, i can tell you it is a challenge even internally, to bring everyone to the table, and resolves interagency concern. i think that is a world where fhwa can be helpful, and define confirm as fhwa administrator, that is leadership responsibility that i would like to take on. >> we tend to be amazed at the power of innovation, vehicles coming onto the market right now, that keep drivers from
leaving the lanes, even hit the brakes in an emergency. within the next decade, i think we are likely to see greater advances, and connected and autonomous vehicles, the innovations have the potential to provide significant safety and efficiency benefits into the traveling public, there was a discussion last night will people said what i have to buy another car, i would just using ridesharing service. the people that are living in major cities, what role should the federal highway ministration play in. our roadways and communities, both rural and urban, for the arrival of these new technologies? >> thank you mr. chairman. as i noted in my opening statement, these are going to be very important for all administrators at the department of transportation to work together and to share research and best data, because many of these technologies cut across the modes. they impact mensa, but federal motor carriers, and federal
highway. if i am confirmed, is federal high was administered, i will work closely with my colleagues to make sure we are providing the best data and information to our partners. >> thank you and congratulations again. senator carpenter? >> i would like to follow up on the chairman's question with respect to the environmental streamlining. i talk a little bit about the federal state partnership as a recovering governor. i would like to dwell a little bit on the safety. i want to start off with climate change. my neighbor here to my left, senator carden, and we have another maryland senator here, who will join us later i suspect. i live in an area where the land is sinking, and the seas are rising. in fact, that was the lowest lying state in america. it is a great concern to us.
i have a son out in california. where he lives, there is incredible wildfires, actually bigger than delaware if you believe that. ellicott city, where senator carden represent, i recall to 500 year floods, 2000 year floods within 20 months of each other. and some people think climate change is not real. it is real. we see it every day. our transportation systems rather is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions, affect the greatest source of carbon is from our vehicles, as it turns out today. our transportation system is highly vulnerable to impact from extreme weather. according to the national claimant assessment report, released by 13 federal agencies, across the trump administration, there is a quote this is what
they said, expected increases in the severity and frequency of heavy precipitation events will affect inland, infrastructure in every region, including access to roads, the viability of bridges, and the safety of pipelines. for my whole life, we have measured rainfall by inches. now, we measure rainfall in some instances by a foot. as the federal highway administrator, you are going to have an opportunity to influence highway, roadway design, and availability of vehicle charging infrastructure and fueling infrastructure. and, space for safe walking and for safe bicycling. how will you use your leadership to address how our vehicles and travel patterns accelerate, and exacerbate climate change? how would you propose to ensure that infrastructure is resilient to extreme weather?
>> thank you senator carper. i wrote down when you said our roads are vulnerable to extreme weather. and, having grown up on the very east end of long island, we lived through hurricanes regularly, and our roads with flood, and then there is no egress, and often a second a s, because it was a fairy. that is not an option, either. i have spent my life watching my father, as a first responder, go out in extreme weather, and help respond to these challenges, particularly on our roads, when people's instinct is to get in a car, and try to drive away, and then they are trapped. i am very interested in seeing what the federal highway administration can do to improve resiliency in our transportation system as a whole. i think there is a lot of good research and data that fhwa can
provide to state and local governments, and a leadership role that fhwa can play. if confirmed, i would be happy to work with you on those issues. >> let's talk a little bit more about the environmental streamlining. the german touched on it. this administration finally appointed a member of key positions within the administration that deal with streamlined. i would say, almost a year and a half of this administration, some major people that were responsible for dealing with streamlined, and working to facilitate the building of roads, highways, those positions were not filled. i am told by my staff as the beginning of this year, most of them have been filled. one of the greatest holdups in
building projects has been the lack of people in the right position. i think that has been dealt with, that is good. this committee has provided new streamlining measures in both map 21, in 2012, and in the fast act for two major transportation -- many of these new authorities were only just finalized in federal highway administration regulation just a couple of months ago, as you may know. if you are confirmed, will you commit to providing our committee with updates on how the streamlining measures are having an impact on project timelines, and how the fhwa is ensuring that environmental outcomes are being protected and improved? >> yes senator carper. i know there were many new interesting proposals in map 21 and fast, for environmental
streamlining, that fhwa is working to administer. if i am confirmed, will provide you with an update. >> i will just say this, it sounds like we have got the right people in place within this administration now to do a better job on environment or streamlining. we have spent a lot of time, energy, and effort, with this committee, and the last half- dozen years or more, writing legislation, focused on environment or streamlining. we need to find out what is working. we are going to count on you to tell us what's working. maybe what is in. all right, thanks very much. >> thank you mr. chairman. and, thank you, and thank you secretary minetta. it is nice to see you again. i want to thank you for your willingness to serve the public. and, your career at mensa, and the state department demonstrates that you are unquestionably qualified for the position. i would like to thank your daughter alex, for her great study decision to be attending
my alma mater, duke university next year. obviously, you are going in the right direction. in our meeting, thank you for coming to our office, we discussed, the position you are up for is so important to all of us, it helps us interact with all of our constituents. we get a lot of constituent issues around transportation issues, small ones and large. and, as you know in west virginia, the headquarter age, which is the last section of the abolition development highway system that needs to be completed. and, because of the way we have treated the appellation highway development system, it is now funded out of the highway trust fund. i just wanted a commitment from you. we talked about it, that you would move forward with me to try to find the easiest and best way to complete that part of that system. >> yes senator, i know how passionate you are about this. i would be pleased to work with you. >> thank you.
another issue we talked about, too, by the way, secretary chao is fantastic as you know, and you have a great leader, you will have a great leader at that department. the one question i get a lot is can i do in infrastructure packet outside of the highway bill, a bipartisan infrastructure package. there is a a lot of deep questions. one of the questions with a deep issue and it came forward, over the last congress, and one of the things that the administration asked what private monies can be acquired, or what kind of state dollars, and i would just like to tout my own state of west virginia passed a $1.5 million, or billion-dollar bond. it was called the campaign not by the governor, but my other was called ftd are, fix the road. people are very passionate about the safety aspects, and are on the roads in rural areas all the time. so, as we are thinking about
this, it was obvious we were going to be able to use that new state share as part of our match. i want to put that in your head as you move forward, that any proposal i think has to look at what the states are willing to do, and what kind of skin in the game the states are willing to have, and hopefully we can elongate that timeline a little bit to go back into the past to scoop up some of these projects like our state that moved forward with that. i would like to ask you if we would work together on that, as we are developing. hopefully in infrastructure package, the highway bill as well. >> yes, i would be pleased to work with you. >> other questions, both senators have talked about streamlining in the permitting process. one of the things that as we see states, particularly rural states falling behind. one of the ways i think we feel passionate is that we are able
to kind of make it more affordable as a did once proposition, working with the department of transportation work and use -- which can work with the department of transportation with the fcc, with the states, broadband councils and others to be able, while you are digging and improving a highway, either new or maintaining, you can also use that as a way to run a high- efficiency broadband into these rural areas that it is left to their own devices. i don't know if this is something that you easy thought about. i know it is probably premature, but do you have any thoughts on that? >> senator, i appreciate the question. we do spend time at the state department talking about 5g, as you know, it is not just 3g +2. it is a game changer. i think there may be
interesting opportunities to save time and money for states, and i would be happy to work with you if i am confirmed. >> yes, it just seems as though we get an hour while own way on something like this it's really not controversial. actually i ran into a federal highway project that actually did provide the channel for the high-speed internet, although there is the cabling and everything, but there was nothing in there. so, when and if, it is already ready, and it saves a lot of money. >> in terms of the safety issues, you mentioned pedestrian and cyclist safety. how, you mentioned congestions at intersections, i read several stories here in dc a very tragic outcome, of pedestrian safety, do you have any thoughts on is it educating the american public, is it making said milling better, is it the driver, or is it all of
the above, what perspectives do you have on that? >> thank you. i think it is all of the of love, we always talk about the ease. we need to educate, we need to enforce, but we also need to engineer better. so, that is a piece where i think federal highways could provide some very valuable information and data, and it would be something i could work with, my colleagues at mensa, and in the department, to see what improvements we can make. >> i would really encourage you there. that to me is so preventable. it results in tragedies. thank you, good luck, i plan on supporting you. >> thank you. >> a look at duke. >> senator cardin? >> thank you mr. chairman. thank you for your willingness to serve. thank you your family, because this is a sacrifice. thank you all very much for sharing your loved one with the government. and to norman mehta it is great
to see you. i had the opportunity to serve with congressman minetta, to see his talent and chairman with our committee. and really a mentor to many of us that are serving today. so, norm, thank you for your extraordinary leadership. and you have a really good person introducing you. that was a smart decision you need. it was the right thing today. >> i just really want to underscore with the chairman said about this committee being able to work in a bipartisan matter to produce a strong bill. we did that, and we want to do that with the reauthorization of surface transportation and other infrastructure bills. we are going to need your help, because as you said, you want a predictable funding for transportation. i think this committee would like to make sure that we have long-term predictability, so the longer-term, the reauthorization, the better it is for local governments that depend upon projects that go for multiple years, to have the federal partnership understood. and, it is going to be adequate
funding. that is going to be the real challenge. in democrats and republicans want to regather work together, and we want to come up with a bipartisan plan. it is going to forward so we ca accomplish those goals, are you ready for that? >> i am ready for those.>> i think you for it. i want to follow-up on the senators point and your point on bicycle and pedestrian safety. because we do have a program that helps, it's the transportation don't alternative program, and funds go to the local government, the county government, so they can plant, plan in their community, to protect pedestrians and bicyclists by using a small amount of money for gas and trails and those type of issues. this is a bipartisan amendment to establish the program. and as we work towards the
reauthorization, will you work with us to see if we can perhaps strengthen that program so that we can reduce, we have eight growing number of fatalities with isaac lists and pedestrians. so we can work to try to do with that, using the existing tool of the transportation don't alternative programs, perhaps enhancing them. >> senator cardin, if i am confirmed as federal administrator, i would like to see what enhancements we can make to already existing programs. >> i appreciate that, i think this is a program that does work. the challenges, because a little bit unusual, secondly of course it is for the local enhancements, which at times gets lost as we look at the challenges we have. i want to underscore the point that senator carper made in regards to climate change and resiliency. it is a major challenge we have, it's a major challenge we
have in our existing infrastructure, but it also recognizes we've got to do things in a smarter way in order for investments, public investments to have its maximum advantage. are you prepared to work with us based upon what science is telling us, so that our infrastructure investments are done in the best way, recognizing that these extreme weather conditions are becoming more frequent?>> yes senator, i think federal highways could be a center of excellence for a collection of good data, and i would be pleased to work with you if i'm confirmed.>> and i want to talk about the multimodal concepts here. it took me just under two hours to get here from baltimore. it usually takes me longer than that, a commute that should be 45 minutes usually takes me
about two hours and 50 minutes. i think the weather forecast kept some people off the roads. but we live in the worst congested area in the country. so, we really need to invest in multimodal, we got to get people out of cars and into transit, and deal with the issues of the commuter rails. we have to deal with all of the above. are you prepared to use your leadership if confirmed, so that we have a sensible multimodal commitment to be as friendly as we can to reduce congestion in the most environmentally friendly way? >> yes, senator, transportation needs are diverse. there are a lot of factors that go into choosing how you get from one place to another, time to cause. and if so i would be happy to work with you on those issues if i'm confirmed. >> i appreciate that, i look forward to working with you.>> thank you, pleasure meeting you the other day.
i'm from indiana, and we've done a lot to kind of address infrastructure needs, and you really have to look forward, it's a very capital-intensive thing. our current budget, and the condition it's in, where interest is dominating a big portion of it, but mostly when it comes to the fact that we seem to be the least capable of taking on a big project like infrastructure across the country. just like we were in indiana, to keep maintenance and line and actually do new stuff. do you think it's realistic to maintain and 80/20 traditional funding real to really accomplish what the nation's needs would be? >> thank you senator, as you and i discussed, indiana has made some strong choices regarding investment. and the question of how we are going to finance the next legislative puzzle, whatever it
is that this committee chooses to do, i don't think fhwa should dictate, but be part of the conversations. because as you know, what works in indiana does not work in new york. so i would be happy to work with you as we move forward on legislation to see whether we have the right balance.>> thank you, my personal opinion is that we are going to have to come up with something new. in indiana we were creative, we did what was called a community crossings program. and that was that challenge to counties and cities to actually put skin in the game. of course they universally complained about it, in its formulation. they indicated that that was the states responsibility. all i can tell you, it's been an overwhelming success. do you think that states that put more of their own skin in the game should receive some type of priority when it comes to federal funds, that are
going to be increasingly scarce? >> i do think that states who demonstrated leadership, our states that we can work closely with, and learn from. learn how they were able to message, and what their success was. certainly a state like indiana, and i would be happy to work with you on whatever changes this committee decides to make in the next legislation.>> i'd like to ask you to give some thought to how you think a similar dynamic might work. because it's my opinion that if we are going to address infrastructure needs, it's going to take something different from what we've had leading up to this point. in general, on infrastructure, it's not only a condition of maintenance, but there are so many new things that need to be done. in your opinion, when it comes to maintenance of roads and
ridges, bridges, where do you think it's really at on the federal landscape? i can tell you when we looked at it in indiana, back in 2015, almost a half percent of our roads and bridges were headed in the wrong direction. and until we basically doubled our stream of funding, we were going to let that projector he continue. projector he continue. is it similar to what we saw in indiana, or do you think maintenance is less of an issue, and new construction might be the bigger challenge. >> i do think they are both important. but i think maintenance is particularly critical. it's a place where federal highways can be very stiff order and provide good information, they do condition and performance reports for example, annually, on the state of our bridges, across the country, not just a by stay,
but how we are looking nationwide. where and how we need to invest, and i think that if confirmed, better highways has a lot of good information we can share with senators. >> very good, and in summary of everything we talked about, please give thought and focus on how we get enterprising, responsible states, to maybe have some preference when it comes to engaging, if they are willing to put more skin in the game, they should maybe get more of the scarce federal dollars. thank you. >> thank you chairman, welcome, glad to have you here. secretary chao appeared before this committee in may 2017. when she did, i asked her how sea level rise is affecting our coastal infrastructure. as you and i discussed in my office, rhode island has 400
miles of coast. the secretary agreed to look into the issue, and i followed up with a letter to her that i would ask to be made a part of the record of the hearing. >> without objection. >> before receiving the secretary's formal response, we managed to get our hands on the draft response. the letter that the career staff sent up to the secretary's office for her final approval. and then shortly after that we got the letter from the secretary's office. when you compare the two letters, you see some pretty significant notable differences, which i have redlined here. one is that the phrase "sea level rise" here is struck out of the career letter and the word rise is replaced with variation. the term "variation" says
wrongly, that the sea level rise is consistent with changes of geologic time. when in fact it's a direct consequence of human activity, and it's occurring at rates that humankind hasn't seen in thousands of years. we actually measure this stuff at naval station newport. so there is that change. then, down here the political staff presumably in the secretary office, stuck out environmental conditions such as extreme weather events and limit change. climate change. well we live in rhode island in extreme climate change, we all do. so what worries about me about
this, it looks like we are seeing political censoring, for ideological purposes. and i think that climate denial and censoring, and the nonsense has got to stop. we may have disagreements about what to do about climate change, we ought to be having a bipartisan discussion about solutions. but this business of just raking it out of letter so that it doesn't even come up, and we aren't even allowed to talk about it, is ridiculous. so it forces me to ask you your assurance that you will not censor and ignore the facts and the signs in the matter of which you go about your duties as a federal highway administrator.>> thank you senator whitehouse. i'm unfamiliar with this issue. i haven't seen the letter. >> and i don't expect you to defend the letter or any of this. my point is that that this is a continuing problem dealing with is a ministration. and for those of us that have coastal infrastructure and coastal states, to have a
federal highway administrator that will pay attention to real facts and resigns as a matter of importance. >> we always said good data is king, and i am a firm believer in good data. i can commit to you that we will give you the best possible information. i also wrote down the words political retaliation. that is not something that i have ever accepted from either the state department, i've never seen any indications of that, but i can assure you that i will not support having staff feel intimidated for any reason.>> good, one of the reasons this is important, this providence journal headline from just a few days ago, climate change, washed away, home values lost to rising sea levels. what the study that form the basis for this front-page article of my home state shows is that rhode island has lost nearly $45 million in home appreciation values between
2005 and 2017. it is the rhode island part of the study that began in florida and went up the coast, through new jersey, and hit massachusetts when it hit rhode island, so senator markey has the same study now. if you look at all the different states that have been reviewed and what was originally a study in florida, and has moved in the same methodology to cover other states, is a total of $15 billion lost in coastal home values. that is a big deal for these families and businesses and it can't be ignored. and they are not alone, if you go on to look at their report, pull up the other one hears what one of the authors of the report said, each time we go into a new state we see the same phenomena. as the level rise accelerates, we expect a car spinning loss
in home value to decelerate as well. i can't ignore that, and i can't allow administration agencies to ignore that either. go on to freddie mac, freddie mac is not an environmental organization, not a green organization or a democrat organization, it's a housing organization. and what freddie mac has warned is that rising sea levels and spreading floodplains appear likely to destroy billions of dollars of property, and to displace millions of people. the economic losses and social disruption may happen gradually, but they are likely to be greater in total than those experienced in the housing crisis and great recession. i just want to make those points because it shows how important it is to us to be getting fair and factual, and properly based scientific determinations out of our federal agencies. because this stuff is serious, big and it's coming at us. thank you to the chairman for letting me go over my time.
>> thank you mr. chairman. welcome, thank you for your service. i was looking at your bio, you might not know this, but are you the first potential administrator of the federal highway administration who is a black belt in karate? >> you know, i don't know that they keep that statistic, i might be. >> i just thought that was kind of interesting. >> she is the first one that has a tech talk online about talking about her, and showing her in action or black belt abilities. >> so if you ever have any issues with senator whitehouse. [laughter] i yield without the necessity of any application of force. b mac [laughter] all right, thought i might warn him. got to be careful with her. anyway, i wanted to talk briefly about another area where states lose money.
i think it's really important, and that relates to timelines, and particularly infrastructure permitting timeless. my state, the great state of alaska, it's kind of ground zero in groups that like to delay and slow down and shut down, any kind of infrastructure, we are very resource rich state but infrastructure for stay, almost 10,000 miles of roads, which probably is not much more than a lot smaller states in our country. so in what we've experienced, let me give you a couple of examples. the king cove road, the trump administration finally approved the. that took maybe 30 years, 12 miles. 12 mile dirt road. took almost 20 years to
terminate gold mine in alaska, by the way the kensington mind, it employs almost 400 people at an average wage of $100,000, but 20 years of fighting and ridiculous delays on that. it took seven years to permit an exploration well in alaska, and $7 billion, shall try to do that. the lesson ministration made sure, that almost took a decade. it takes on average in america seven years to permeate a bridge, it took almost a decade to permit the keystone pipeline. this is just ridiculous and it hurts states. it hurts average citizens and it hurts the country. i guarantee, it doesn't take, 19 years on average to go from permitting a highway, to completion. 9 to 19 years. i don't think china permits
roads in two decade time periods. so can i get you your commitment to work with as a ministration. i think this is a bipartisan by the way, can i get your commitment to work with this committee on permitting reform in a way that makes sense for the average american? this is not a partisan issue, seven years to permit a bridges madness. >> yes i would be happy to work with you. >> i have a bill called the rebuild america now ask, it looks a common sense permitting reforms particularly for infrastructure and highways. to do what most americans want, which is not cut corners, but not take a decade to build an infrastructure. can i get your commitment to work on those issues? >> yes i'd be happy to work with you. >> i also want to get your commitment to come to alaska, we have a lot of unique
challenges in my stead, some of which relate to permitting. there are certain groups who usually don't live in my state who want to make sure you can't build a road in alaska. even though most states and communities can build roads. but one of the things that fhwa recently put out a guidance memo, i'd like to sit down and discuss this a little more. it significantly shortens the timeline on when the construction project season closes. we have a really short construction season, relative to any other state because of our long winters. can i get a commitment from you to work with me just on some of the elements of that memo, just because i don't think it looks at unique aspects of certain states, particularly in timelines. >> i haven't been to alaska in
many years, i'd be pleased to go. always a beautiful trip. >> good. and then finally, and i'm running out of time here, but your vision, i know you laid it out in your opening statement, but can you just list very quickly your top three priorities and what you want to get done as the administered?>> sure, i'd like to focus of course on safety, but i am particularly interested in pedestrians and cyclists safety, which is an issue i didn't get to spend much time on. we had so many congressional mandates we were trying to implement. that's something i'd like to go back to and federal i was can be very important there. i also think there's a lot of interesting new technologies that are very cross cutting across the mold, so i'd like to work with my fellow administrators to see what the advantages and does advantages are of these new technologies and how can we implement them safely. and third, i'd like to travel. i like to go and meet people
where they are, that was very important, to go and visit communities locally instead of bringing everyone to washington, to hear firsthand about the challenges they are facing. >> thank you very much.>> thank you mr. chairman very much. cape cod, massachusetts, recreational oasis, but only accessible on land by two bridges built in the 1930s by the army corps, of engineers. they are deteriorating. and we are going to need some help in order to make sure that we have, in the 21st century, as good a system as we had in the 20th century. the army corps owns the bridges, is currently conducting a study to evaluate options for replacing the bridge which could cost up to
$600 million. the army, because it's budget is only $6 billion a year, that they had to use to support every one of their programs. so we are going to be in a process of talking to the army corps, which we are already, about this. and as we talk about a service transportation bill, which the chairman is talking about bringing through this committee, i'm going to be fighting to make sure the federal highway administration has the resource and the authorities it needs to help replace these bridges. so would you commit to work with me on this very complex project?>> yes, senator, as you know i'm in connecticut. i have friends who leave for cape cod at two in the morning. i would be happy to work with you.>> excellent. so you are an expert on this.>> i've never been stuck on the bridge. >> mark twain said an expert is
anyone who lives 200 miles away from the problem. so people have to anticipate getting up at two knowing that there is a problem. senator whitehouse has already talked about the impacts of climate change on our highway system. and what i would ask from you is that you work with us to encourage transportation planning organizations to reduce the vehicle miles traveled per greenhouse gas emissions when using federal funding for highway projects. could you make that commitment to us? >> yes.>> thank you. next we have the increasingly, the problem again related to climate change. because it clearly is having an impact on the ability for
people to even escape, we saw that in hurricane harvey, irma, flooding in the midwest to name a few. the federal highway administration has found that many of the nations critical mass evacuation routes phase many impediments, including resiliency and capacity, would you support providing more resources to state and local governments to improve the ability of people to get out of harm's way?>> again senator, having grown up on the very east end of long island, and being the daughter of a first responder, i understand how frightening it is for people when they are trapped in any sort of traffic event. i would be pleased to work with you to make sure that we bring greater resiliency into our system.>> so i am going to
reintroduce enhancing america's memory evacuation routes as legislation, and i would love to work with you on that as we are moving with the service transportation bill which the committee is going to be considering. and then finally, on cyber security, on the issue of the connected car era that is about to dramatically expand. we already have it, but it's going to be on steroids. every vehicle will be a computer on wheels. and gathering massive amounts of data, about each and every person, each and every family, each and every child in those vehicles. everything they are doing is going to be inside a database. but, it will also be gathered, because there would be a digitization of the roads, of other transportation infrastructure. so i want to work with you on
the issue of cyber security. as we are now planning for the next generation, the 21st generation of all of this infrastructure, because this information historically has just been within the family. now the government will have access to it as well. can you talk about that a little bit? >> is that assistant secretary of administration for the state and, as you know, states spend a great deal of time talking about cyber security. more in a close briefing then and open. but it's an issue, as the chief procurement officer and whole procurement team is spending more time thinking about where is our tech coming from, or the providers supporting it, so i would be pleased to work with you on that. >> so on one hand we don't want our government, amazing the
privacy of people. it should be there business, not the business of the federal highway administration. so i want to work with you on that as well.>> thank you mr. chairman, thank you for this hearing and for your testimony. facing the construction of the highway system remains one of the most transformative achievements in our nations history. while these highways connect the cities and towns from coast to coast, to the global market, the construction of this system too often distressed communities. particularly minority communities. i've seen firsthand in my date, where robert moses steamrolled historic neighborhoods in order to provide highways that serve commuters often at the expense of those who live there. interstate 81 cut their neighborhoods in syracuse, severing residence from the broader community and limiting their economic opportunity. the i-81 bioject through
downtown syracuse has now passed its life and they are now looking into options for replacement. i voice my support for the construction of a street level community grade to replace the elevated portion of i-81 as a way to revitalize all of syracuse's downtown and connect all of the community to opportunity. community across our country face similar decisions as our infrastructure continues to age. this creates real opportunity to learn from the mistakes of the past and reimagine how we build a transportation infrastructure to be more equitable. what role should the federal government play in addressing the past federal highway projects that marginalize some communities, especially minority communities.>> thank you senator. as a new yorker i certainly know who robert moses was, i've been stuck on that parkway.
and i agree that the system was transformative. and i think federal highways is anyplace to dictate to state and local governments, but to make sure we are working with mps, and planning for connectivity of all communities. and to help provide good information and the best data possible so that states and local governments can make better decisions about connecting all communities. >> that sounds good. what do you think the nation can do to prioritize economic and environmental justice in our transportation planning?>> i don't want to overstate federal highways role, but i do think that there are many ways that we can work with our partners, associations, mpo's and others to make sure we are thinking through, and asking some of these tough questions of state and local governments, and to make sure they are thinking through all of the challenges.>> thank you.
different topic. last year the national sheriffs association, with the first law enforcement organization to endorse the underwrites rack. they after day they witnessed the aftermath of underwriter crhches. first responders know that their own safety and the safety of the public they serve continues to needlessly be put at risk every day because we don't have a comprehensive truck override protection. drawing on your experience, do you believe it's necessary to update the 1998 u.s. d.o.t. rulemaking to require stronger performance standards for rear under ride guards. >> senator i know there was a horrific crash upstate new york, and i can say that we are
always interested in knowing if there is better data, and reviewing and updating standards. i believe ihs has got some new information that they might be able to share. and provide additional information, again as i noted in my opening statement, i hope to work very closely with the administrators. >> i'd like to work with you to get better data collection and we can come up with a more compressive solution to this urgent crisis. last october, 20 people died in a horrific limousine crash making it the deadliest accident in new york state in nine years. additionally, this act occurred, and it took a notoriously dangerous intersection on route 30.
if confirmed will you work with state and local officials to ensure that intersections are a top priority, as will you ensure that fhwa is doing everything possible to respond to local concerns about the safety and potential danger of intersections. >> yes, that was a horrific crash. and i would be pleased if confirmed, to have fhwa work with state and local governments regarding dangerous intersection. >> and i'll submit my last question for the record. one is about using local workforce to do larger projects, and the second is to talk about extreme weather having a huge impact on our infrastructure. i will submit those for the record.>> now i ask for consent to submit for the record, the
january 2018 highway and transit projects, as it relates to environmental notes that were previously reported. 99% of projects are not being held up by a complex reviews. and federal highway and ministration officials express that categorical exclusions still constitute the best majority for highway projects. i ask for that consent. >> without objection. >> thank you sir. >> just a couple of short questions. are you up to it? do you agree that the federal state partnership is a critical cornerstone of the federal highway program and can you commit to continuing, even in strengthening that cooperation between fhwa and the state and local and tribal partners?>> i agree it is a critical partnership. >> thank you.
in 2017, the most recent year for which data are available, nearly 7000 nonmotorized users were killed. what will you do as fhwa began dramatically lowering these unacceptable numbers. >> thank you, i may not be as quick, but i do think there are plenty of places for fhwa. we talked about cyclists safety, but most important in my testimony, having served at the department, i know how important it is for administrators to work together, and to share information and data. and i think fhwa, when focusing on safety, needs to work hand in glove with federal motor carriers, to make sure that we are addressing the problems. and we are providing good information for solutions, for state, local and tribal
government orders. >> a related question, the network is a crucial means of travel as we know. however it's just one component of a much larger and much more complex transportation system. what would be your plans to modernize our highway system in a way that seamlessly integrates into modes such as transit, aviation, water, and active transportation. >> i think having that multimodal conversation is going to be essential. and i trust that this is something that the committee will be talking about as we move forward on legislation. one thing we found that the state department that is quite different, effective, is traveling together. we go together, and we talk about problems together. we rake off into different rooms maybe, but then come back together to have a more comprehensive conversation with all of our partners, and that me be something we can explore
at d.o.t. >> there's a proverb that goes something like this, if you want to go fast, go alone, if you want to go far, travel together. would you support new technologies that can help improve multimodal inactivity? >> yes.>> and here's a hard question. on service transportation, has been and remains, and i'm not going to put you on the spot and say how would you pay for it, but i would like to ask you just give us a couple of ideas of things that you are aware of. to give you an example, we have a number of states that were involved in a pilot program that stretches from ocean to ocean. and we hope to learn a lot from that and maybe be able to move in that direction later in the next decade. but give us a couple of ideas
that you think we should consider as we try to figure out how to address this large and growing shortfall in funding service transportation. >> i think most importantly senator, as secretary chao has said, some states are participating in the vmt by the program, and that may turn out to be very effective, other states are looking at mp3s, others have raised the gas tax. i think there are a variety of options, and -- >> why do you think it's so hard for us to deal with this issue? you just mentioned a number of states, they have addressed these issues, and they found remarkably, the legislators that support them are reelected. it's kind of amazing. but we can't summon the to do
that. >> i spend my weekends in vermont. it's an entirely different community than my days in dc. and the drive from dc to connecticut, to vermont, it changes dramatically as we go. in one place i have easy pass, and there is no problem. and in another place i'm on a very narrow two-lane road. i think because the needs are so different, that's why solutions need to be different. >> all right, thanks. i just want to say to brady, abby and alex, i want to thank you for showing up today. i know it's hard, with having school. i've been watching your faces, they seem to be reveling in the moment. i just want to say that your husband has kept them until, in
tow, i don't know if when my boys were that age, they would have done this. but i'm glad you didn't make any faces or roll your eyes at inappropriate times when your mom is talking. thank you for joining us today. >> thank you senator, we have a number of letters of support for your nomination. the committee has received numerous letters including letters from former federal transportation officials. representative state transportation partners, and i'm asking a unanimous consent to enter this large packet of letters into the record and without objection we will do so. there are no more questions from the panel but members may be able to submit written and follow-up questions. they can do that by 5 pm today. we ask that you try to respond by noon on friday, february 1. so we can move ahead with your nomination. and i want to thank you for
9 am eastern to consider a bill that will give federal employees a pay raise this year. on c-span two british prime minister teresa mate takes questions from the members of the house of commons. that's followed by house speaker nancy pelosi at a conference hosted by the council of christian colleges and universities. later, the senate returns for more work on a middle east policy bill that provides security assistance to israel. and imposes new sanctions on the syrian regime. there's more live coverage on c- span three with foreign diplomats from chile, paraguay, and the european union. on the lyrical situation in venezuela. later house and senate negotiators meet for the first time to divert another potential government shutdown by coming up with a bipartisan attorney proposal before temporary government funding expires on february 15.
>> c-span's washington journal, live every day, with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up wednesday morning, ohio republican congressman discusses the economy, budget issues and the latest on border security negotiations. then democratic congressman mark bucey from texas talks about his policies on the 116 congress, including border security. be sure to watch c-span's washington journal, live at 70 stern, wednesday morning. during the discussion. new york has five new members and its congressional delegation. all of them are democrats. representative alexandra cortez joins the house as the youngest member of congress at age 29. she defeated longtime representative and then chair of the house joe crowley in a primary election the summer. voters in new york's 22nd
district elected anthony brandis he to congress, he previously served seven years in the new york state assembly. before that he was an attorney in private practice. representative antonio delgado was also an attorney prior to his election to congress. he also had a brief career as a rapper, releasing one album a couple of years after his graduation from harvard law school. max rose was elected to represent the 11th district, which included staten island and southern brooklyn. he previously served in the u.s. army, including a platoon in afghanistan, where he was wounded by an ied, earning a purple heart and bronze star. representative joseph morelli joined the house a few weeks ahead of his classmates after winning both a seat in the 116 congress, and an election to fill the seat of late congresswoman louise slaughter for the remaining weeks of the 115th congress. rissman morelli had previously served in the new york state
assembly since 1991, including five years as majority leader. new congress, new leaders, watch it on c-span.>> the defense review is a congressionally mandated document that spells a strategy for defending the u.s. for michelle -- missile attacks, the most recent focus is on nuclear weapons threats. this is an hour and 20 minutes. >> welcome everybody to the missile defense review, expanding the mission of missile defense. this is our 21st congressional round table. i want to take a couple of minutes to introduce the organization that is hosting. md aa, and myself. i'm ricky ellison, the founder