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tv   USAID Administrator Mark Green Remarks on Strengthening Governance in...  CSPAN  January 9, 2020 7:12pm-8:04pm EST

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the u.s. >> good morning, my name is nancy lindborg. i am the president and ceo here at the us institute of peace i'm delighted to welcome you here for a very important conversation to prevent violence in a fragile world. our speakers here today i want to extend a special welcome to mark green we are honored to have them here today and a very warm welcome to madeleine albright who's been a fierce champion of democracy for years and a good friend. many thanks to the national endowment for democracy that makes today's event possible with your generous support and our good friends and partners in the george w. bush institute. it's wonderful to have them cohost the event with us today. usip
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was founded thirty-five years ago, funded by congress nonpartisan national institute dedicated to the notion that peace is practical and possible. we firmly believe today's complex foreignpolicy challenges require partnership across the aisle. we were just talking about this. last year congress asked us to host a bipartiasn congressionally -mandated with the request to a comprehensive plan in the world's most fragile state. the principle of recommendation is the us should adopt a policy of prevention with a strong focus on governance, and just before
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the holidays, congres passes the global fragility act to take those task force recommendations to create a binding commitment to a long-term prevention strategy. it's good to know action is possible, bipartisan action is possible and today we have a chance to talk more about the opportunity to seize that momentum we have before us. we have a great program plan for you. i am delighted to introduce a very good friend and our next speaker, the president of the national democratic institute, a distinguished and very dedicated public servant and author, derek mitchell. please join me in welcoming derek. >> thank you so much it's wonderful to be back at usaid. we want to think nancy and usip
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for organizing this event this morning and in particular the tremendous contribution with the task force has made to advancing the cause of violence and conflict prevention of fragile states that passed it on - - passage of the fragility act is just one indicator allied of influence so congratulations to you all and i want to thank the bush institute for these endeavors we are engaged in around the world and also to acknowledge the national endowment of democracy for funding this event and for its enduring support. we are part of the fact these days. i do want to
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thank mark green for being here. today you have been tireless advocate for moving countries on the path of fragility to self-reliance and thank you for your leadership and the continued support of democracy and finally this even has been a true collaboration as i mentioned, so i would like to thank the -- and our very own lauren vanmeter we shirt say we are doing this early in the new year. thank you for working through the holidays to make this happen. the genesis of this meeting was an idea
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from secretary albright, who served as a task force member to be an outspoken preventing violent extremism is a security issue it's a governance challenge. it is embedded and the findings of the report the task force reports democracy and good governance is at the heart of any prevention strategy must be central to any and all strategies and extremism. the report insists we forge new relationships to have new innovative ideas defense partners. it recognizes
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the rise geopolitical competition in fragile states to support those states that have chosen and as they have -- our competitors promote alternative models with corrupt elite interest. this book of conflict prevention of the global fragility act. the act itself acknowledges mistakes and even failures with the need to learn from experience as we go. but the conversation is meant to proceed in that spirit. we thank you for joining us today. now to introduce my colleague lindsay
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lloyd, of the human freedom initiative of the george w. bush institute. lindsay has years of experience in human rights and democracy at our sister organization iri. also extensive experience working for several members of congress. he has been a terrific partner in this event in many other initiatives. lindsay, please come up. thank you all very much. >> good morning, i have the longest title in the room, so i thank you. it's a mouthful. left we are proud to be partnering with usip and ndi on this and also for the financial support provided. we hope this is a kickoff with a longer partnership how democracy and
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governance can combat violent extremism around the world. at the bush institute, the human freedom initiative tries to stand with those living under tyranny and to develop leadership in democracies and you will hear today from one of our scholars from tunisia. i have the honor of introducing mark green from the keynote address the 18th administrator ad usaid since august 2017 and has brought to that job an unmatchable cv with his experience a congressman. from wisconsin -- he was ambassador to tanzania under president
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bush and is from my alma mater that republican institute to see the governance program the president and ceo for the institute for global development, director for global leadership council, director of the millennium challenge corporation, on and on. but before he was confirmed in his testimony investor greene said violent extremism in many parts of the world -- histility -- make our work far more dangerous and expensive. i think he'll agree that today the challenge makes the work of usaid even more imperative. after his remarks he has agreed to take a few questions. please welcome mark green to the stage.
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>> lindsay, thank you for those kind words. and great to be with my friend secretary albright. daunting to be with her. the first time i spent any considerable time with her was actually my first election observation for iraq. i'd been on the job a couple weeks and and it's just as daunting today. madam secretary it's great to be with you. it is an honor to be joining you for these important discussions that you are undertaking. we are at a historic moment for america and her role on the world stage we look around us there is an awful lot. to process. challenges of sorts in nearly every corner of the world so to feel like the consumer at the millionaire's
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pool party. as that story goes, the millionaire had a party around his swimming pool. it was filled with man eating alligators and he said, i will give $1 million to the first man to swim across the pool. silence. then sure enough there was a guy in the water pushing the alligators out of the way, got out, climbing, dripping wet and the millionaire said that's the most courageous thing i've ever seen. will it be the million or my daughter? the swimmer said, i just want to know who the hell pushed me in
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the pool. we feel like that sometimes. but in reality many of the problems that we see while they have their own distinct contexts the underlying causes have much in common. many, if not most, relate to the profound innate desire to have a meaningful voice in their own future and where that desire is unmet or attacked -- for example i understand by why many are confused or even confounded in the eastern drc. the ebola outbreak there is now the second deadliest in history that continues to claim lives. even though we are promising treatments. worse, we see community protest of those
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officials and facilities leading the response. the insecurity is so great that humanitarian and healthcare workers are unable to get to the most imporatn hotspots. so i understand why we are confused. but then we reflect that these are the same communities that have been betrayed by their leaders. drc has from surveying every day people it is so broken that many of the most ebola-affected communities were allowed to vote in the last elections and that joseph kabila and his family still appears to be holding hundreds of millions of
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dollars. i appreciate the people people, frustrated or bewildered what is happening in haiti less than 600 miles from our shore. us an canada hav provided relief, hospitals were launched, and acricultural projects -- promising patients could not get. clinics schools could not get supplies and equipment. could you don't remind the u.s., we could not even get humanitarian aid to where we needed most strong. yes, it is true. pretty often seized from michael misery in
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terms of natural disasters. ten years ago, in the rich it was rocked by a terrible earthquake and it would be tropical storms since. patients are pick up the stations are not picketing mother nature do not region. they are not rhetoric against the hurricanes they're all raged for your. political they are outraged by a political class that is let them down time and again protesting. a parliament where protesting parliament that rarely see muslim offer reform to officials linked maduro performance. but never quite reaches the people after she was like to investment that never quite reaches the people coming to, an outside peacekeepers to have been linked to the spread of cholera and even sexual misconduct but. i took reporters on a recent client that i took reporter friends to another country or feels, like i asked by helicopter pilot describe, how he would describe haiti and its challenges to and its challenges to those who had never been paused in the news
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and he paused, and he said flatly never, forget never forget five it is the caribbean island, at 500, feet hideous the caribbean island so many of them seemed puzzled by what's -- going on in hong kong he is. it looks some even seen peasant by what is going on in hong kong. let's face, it we have been doing well economically. per capita income is among the highest in the world. unemployment less than 3%. when chief executive when relief executive carrie lam him to go and her beijing oriented government tried to push through a law authorizing expeditions to them to the mainland system and its system of justice all in them, all in the name of peace and stability every citizen, of everyday citizens, especially students immediately took the boston mediately took the streets i am seem to. believe the product lam seemed to believe that the protests fade would quickly and quietly faith elections were willing, to surrender individual practices were willing to surrender individual liberties forward, to the mainland's version of
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tranquility one. the crowd somewhat druze 1 million and then by some accounts to in the face to. even in the case of tear gas and rubber bullets and batons the norms tradition.ths , the extradition bill here -- at the evidence and months, ago when any questions looking arrested. when hong kong held its district council elections amidst all of this, on the results were historic unambiguous, councils don't always district councils, face it, do not have a lot of power, and so he elections really generally do not sending the seems much of a turnout, six ending the clearest possible signal democracy, the value they place on democracy million, target for 3 million turned out about, all the highest turnout in hong kong's history. pro to or see candidates captured 17 of the islands 18 district
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councils. someone argued the moment some would argue that none of this we didn't bring could be a little power is america's problem sure. we did not bring people it across. into the streets but i think in, real we certainly did not publish before the streets are but i think in reality, we all realize the health of freedom democracy does affect our own interests, and our unfortunately. charleston states history crosscut states which more democratic characteristics stable and are usually more prosperous, stable, and reliable partners because. we are better economic partners because they possess the characteristics and conditions we believe are fighting that we believe are vital for economic vibrancy and sustainable growth are better strategic. they are better strategic partners, so because their citizens interest likely, making it less likely to produce taylor's, proliferate lots of mass destruction or engage or engage in aggression personally. conversely, korean regime authoritarianism games are at best i reliable partners and at
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were significant cause significant risks to go to peace and stability victory regimes. what would your ontarians regime surprised forced, migration refugees it arrives to potentially forced migration and refugees and in order to maintain their hold on power -- and in order to maintain their hold on power, scenes like regimes like these, like iran people, isolating the press that why isolating the citizens's from outside force and ideas. directly or indirectly often attack, directly or indirectly, digitally, physically arbitrarily, years there's that tide reporters freedom, from fear represent the freedom that they clearly. look, settled worms as we look to troubled lands, and fractured tariffs, i think these are the principles to keep that we need to keep in mind and that's why, you're so yard and that is why at u.s. aig, replacing a new even stronger emphasis governance of
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just fostering democratic governance, it is unresponsiveness it is crucial. we believe it is crucial. we have institutionalized it so i transformation process to build, u.s. regard to your, tomorrow aims to address the idea of tomorrow. watching a new bureau for, among other, things secrecy we are launching a new bureau for development,, democracy bring together 80 i will bring together expertise across the agencies to serve as a one stop shop. it will serve as a one stop shop protect our support and design and solicitations programs tires it, will elevate has received its name implies, with the global promoting human, liberty with the goal of providing human liberty and citizen responses in all of our programming future. sanders for double color teacher centers a focal or help to carry this out to sort of, like the center for inclusive development, center for equality and women's empowerment, democracy center
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for democracy and human rights and governance extract., so waste president trump pardons in with a bipartisan support of the senator, guard will be led by a long ddi term will be led by a long term democracy shopper and it is home to straighter, michelle back early. you can also see democrat our practices on democracy, but first we are assembled democratic governments, within the easter guider metrics that we are using to guide our investments and our priorities. the country and corporate metrics to drill his commitment to elements and metrics that measure increased commitments association like freedom of expression, rule of law the rule of law, civil liberties protection, civil liberties currency any government country screens parents here you will. challengers to ask you for dedicating, enough resources to those cause it will challenge us to ask rededicate enough of reserves to those causes legal challenges to find, ways to pass leverage their strength
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for that he's doing well of the challenges way to use gas numbers their strength. coming, up we want to see iran pieces on democracy to communication into new democracies focus communications that we are now today will. that clamber credit will highlight our democratic governance is closed how this works investments all around the world as well as how this work tackles the underlying charges of causes that i've mentioned in how all of that service or to track america's strategic interest to help americans. understand how modest and going to help americans understand some moderate investments, country institutions and self government preventer extinguish see the brush fires so it seemed to be burning in so many places future, personal snorkel trip mysteries of individualistic marc russia you are promoting democracy and human dignity in their own communities in countries people like. china tomorrow like there was a china to, close it in the palm a tireless advocate for
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inclusivity in the first few departmental. president after he gets accused, of the first email president the largest district court coastal -- the largest district court and coastal. to help him and we will tell their stories to help america to understand our stories. to run through that campaign will run through world democracy on september 15th post. reportedly will she are stronger but most importantly, we will see our strong commitment to democratic or foreign governments award and will talk to our programmatic offerings. give you brief overview and so i will give you a few minutes for a brief overview. trees in many countries those countries, struggling particularly those countries struggling to emerge from an authoritarian shadow programs, we want to emphasize programs that help bring greater transparency into institutional west. i think turkey and on the west won, the suit i think we are dealing with which, too often assuming the transparency, opens --
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openness and decision-making, is a natural state of governance for countries. four countries that are emerging crime, say, communism, regional there is no traditional sense of openness we are kurd to officials and it has never really occurred to officials that that might want to keep their citizens for effectively informed were looking at ways. to continues to create a new generation idea officials to make the team of at matters meetings as the public release of meeting schedules and recording that shows compliance with procedural rules and decision-making in my. recent visit to operate in my recent visit to albanian minister, told me the prime minister told me how much she appreciated all the investments in the larger usa idea and a larger u.s. government had made over the areas that he certainly you know those, traditional double and then he said to, me no longer this traditional development programs are no longer look we need. when you look at the metrics, there off the charts she. it's a high achieving country should we
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need. he, said we need help to fight corruption we need help. first we need help to restore people's great in the government leaders and their leaders so we plan a response to, him with tools and talking to his plans to respond here to his technical assistant culture of government tradition helped foster a true culture of government transparency were looking to park, pending congressional approval, which reluctant partner with his government to establish the u.s. of a new transparency academy. focus we help this academy confessed is on three pillars, promoting and try to transparency in government, ensuring public disability proceed on publicly current procedures, and create demand for transparency for our youth circuit. focus in a second focus in our programming and supple should be fostering and supporting genuine choices in elections we want political. we want to invest in a political pluralism, during free elections, and strengthening
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electoral integrity. you know, originally proposed, elections authoritarian snow they cannot oppose alexis outright support. democracy they want a work they will say they support democracy, they want elections and then they work to bend them and make them anyway they can. so the elections in advance of the elections in cambodia, for example, not only puzzle in opposition they resolved that only the main opposition group, who banned it and the politics and arrested and jailed its leader and the same time announced he actually wanted to free elections and wanted to bring observers in would see. house they would see how smooth elections can be recycled. mike greenside, matched especially when you are traditional democratic -- forces u.s. traditional democratic voices, the u.s., canada and europe, just all of us with loose to take part. which purchased china, equipment which purchased election equipment,
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was only too happy to oblige previously and the chinese praised the election as quote unquote, to look for -- ways to support. so look for ways to support electoral systems international objective standard and observations keeping to international objective standards and will not expressed dismay about those who do not. we want to support citizens clarity, parts want to support citizen responsiveness here. should associate fair but, what could he see little hope and respond that efficiency flow listen and respond to their need to hire it is. disagreement on the other hand merciful, citizens believe they are at her disagreements have a chance to remain civil and citizens believe they are at least hurry, so we all support programs that help leaders, especially new leaders, become better officials constituent one of the most uplifting things i've ever. she was one of the most uplifting thing i've ever seen is meeting with a young woman american guatemala shooter
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particular way. she had a particular way of conducting town hall meetings 13. bring he would have 14,000 train them once already quickly to the crown hala and then when someone would say, i have a parliament, she would point while the town, hall at the town hall was going on, fix the guy we go and fix the pothole catholic commercial, and kept it myself, personally boy do i have a used for a person like that we can all. because action are you we cannot all be as action oriented as that but we cannot, but, such modestly we can teach such modest things out to you as its town halls, how do you utilize crippling, surveys, issue helping parties to construct issue based platforms which leads to accountable which are clear in which leads to accountability the activities that we will look at foreign so those are the activities that we will look to find in support for. it's north, us inclusiveness no. democracy can be called row democracy can be called representatives listening if it is not listening to all of its
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people. now political system is truly stable human or if it dehumanizes large segments of its population really is. clearly the stability is not merely the absence of conflict requires. it requires an environment systems show foreign which all comes have a clear stake in the system survival and success work to strip, and so, forth through legal work to support and foster civic space fuel to help cover dialog that reinforced independence of journalists reinforces the independence of journalist school and media organizations action. we will pay special attention to the largest marginalized communities were in every part of the world, women to, putin so we are wrapping up our work i'm approachable -- w. gdp, with these global development prosperity initiative, which aims to empower girls, women, in numerous placed women's. we will support investments in moons education and creating, findings expand access to financing, and market
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opportunities barriers, tackled barriers to economic participation women from hold, such as the laws which prevent women really property. we will also work to operationalize glee framework react as women and social security. history shows that reconciliation and dispute resolution women that has women at the table is almost always produces a more sustainable results. furthermore,, we know that women are oftentimes in the best early warning indicators extremes of the rise of extremism. they are closer to their families. first they are closer to, particularly, their sons so they can help spot trouble before begins. finally,, there is no more important work for building stability, and tackling marginalization between, cities reinforcing the bond between citizens and their government, and creating pathways to meaningful
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engagement. people the world young people the world over are eager to make their mark and to be heard. they are anxious to see a world in which they have a realistic chance to create and contribute, to provide for themselves through the one point. eight billion youth in the work there are over 1.8 billion youth in the world similar. 90% of them live in the developing world study. sadly, studies show that most of them do not believe that their government cares about their views or listen to their ideas. this collection that disconnection cannot continue. prosecutors it must be addressed democracies to 60 if democracy is to succeed in the future looking for. right to use america we will be looking for ideas and mechanisms that bringing people together, especially across political and demographic lines, and give him a chance to be heard. supreme project to teach you will place a premium on projects region and teaching people how to
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disagree and yet coexist, each debate and yet reach conclusions and help them becomes productive citizens place and even greater. to replace an even greater premium reach on those that reach out to the many young people caught app store who's in historic waves of human displacement set we see in so many parts of the world's final for. a final thought recently, so he recently anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall saw the 30th anniversary of the fall of he hurling rwanda had the honor of being there as the reagan statue was unveiled not so far from the brandenburg gate. but it actually reminded me of the 25th anniversary which are, celebrated which i celebrated and mark in a different player i just. i was at correct me is approaching iri in those days, and suddenly it occurred to me and as we were approaching the 25th anniversary was, off that i had staff who were alive when the wall was asked -- who were not alive on the wall is up. so i said, had to help them
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understand what this means, and i went to one of our board members said general and i said, we were their general, you were there, for europe hole in front you were there for your call and you look what do i tell young people told. was that he left and, said tell them it wasn't easy. he said, these days, we look back and say, of course course, of course the wall would fall. of course germany will unify. he said, it was not easy and it was often in doubt moments. there are moments when we did not think it would happen to serve the. george hill said that when george h. w. bush but, he was going to give this spot up to his cabinet that he was going to give that, speech many told not to do it. so i think the last month and so i think the lesson for all of us talk about this, problem when we talk
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about this problem so world in every corner of the world, souls school we remind ourselves of what he said, it is easy people. no it was not easy. it will never be easily citizen, response clothing citizen responsive governments, communities bringing communities together it's never bodies, it has never been easy in that used to greatest, glory but in that is the greatest glory that we have, a chance to work on responsiveness, under a chance to work on those underlying influences crucial that we know are crucial nursing for two addressing a facility, to preventing violence from, giving hope to the next generation. thank you. >> so fast? you >> sure. >> just best i can see i'm a
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train politician and i will dodge them as best i can. to >> have a seat. okay if you have questions >> okay, except questions we have to mix so don't be shy don't be shy has got a really. personally i tell, you this guys got a really impressive cbd. if you are just okay, here so if you would just identify yourself and bury you are from and we will try to get the questions short. thank you. >> thank you i. thank you, greater more green i'm men it is, john i am my name is john originally. for me i am from canada but originally from haiti that. you highlighted i was very glad that you highlighted the situation of heavy work with u.s.. i worked with usa id inheritance office for the democracy and government office for a few years the national but i'm also
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work a creation of the corporate world national -- institute. for i work for five technicals programming her nda for five years. my question is my question is you, are giving about that you are talking about your struggle new paradigm and new strategies is, a realization is it a realization that even the democratic backsliding that given the democratic party backsliding that we have been experiencing a part of the world,'s in spite of the massive investment of the international community, position is the realization that there is a failure is that, for him and, change is that some incremental changes you what that unpleasant you want to implement thanks great question? >> thanks. a great question. it recognition i think it is a recognition also in the water that we have new challenges but also new opportunities are new to us. i point out that would u.s. back when usa id began all
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of the money, flowed from if you look at all the money that flowed from the u.s. to the developing world 85, percent of it was about 85% of it was very traditional government says he doesn't do that. figures less these days you, that figure is less than 10% created. opportunity you have all kinds of other flows largest create opportunities that we need to cat tap into. business business in the developed business has business in the developing world and so i think there are new opportunities deprive to collaborate with a private sector and the local government to seduce outcomes. secondly, i think we have better technology in terms of the metrics that we used to measure outcomes. and third, u.s. we are in terms of usaid all i have the, good fortune our, approach i have the good fortune of standing on the shoulders of those who came before me really like. i really like working in the developing
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in democracy's case because every administration to contribute tools, all built upon those who went off or find. but i'm trying to do at usaid used his line perhaps aligned all of these tourist in ways that point us towards, i think more outcome driven a more outcome driven approach money to. as i have said many times, for substance most and i believe the purpose of our foreign assistance we must be ending is need to exist and when countries are willing to do difficult things to keep reforms, and i won't get a big requirements, that we need to need to be clocking along the way, we need to be clear i, and we need to be very frank not presumed we, have all the answers but also talk about our own experience in our short but also talk about our own experience it's. world souls, challenges it is new to, us new challenges, ritual lionel and i think an opportunity to use a line more affect the tools,
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perhaps more effective ways partially. >> i am bob hershey. i am a consultant rules our. things going in your use of new tools, how are things going in using the internet to hold meetings on lyons's, and funky transparency and gather local funding requests and local program requirements are? great question >> great question, yes and yes, exchange that is one of the biggest challenge developments -- of our biggest developments that we have one idea and i often tell people to develop when i started in the development world he's, back in the late eighties as a volunteer teacher in kenya, one and telephone and you would pick up we had one minute telephone and you would shake it up and say operator, will soon go trudeau looked at me six six to nine years after, he would go sit under the mega tree until the call came. or ten years after, that johnny carson was ambassador. allowed me to go first, and he allowed me to go visit my old village and walked out of the her
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former students are, soil and when i saw one my former student was not a young man can you go get him she pulled out alive, orders and i said, do you know -- and he said yes we. i said can you go get him? two and he put his phone incentive text messages. we have opportunities now using simple technology that changed everything oh and so, in terms of governance you, citizens you, citizens have the ability to use modest technology to hold government accountable, to express their opinion and in return and in return for the, government need to be putting everything online, including everything salute people, and openness, so that people can have their fate are stored day by day, getting to see where the expenditures go. this is not inclusive. you tried to stop me from asking
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questions. when i got to the united states, several decades ago, i thought after i get a ph.d., go around the world i can see where i can help the most. now i realize, in america this is a problem. they tried to cover up everything. and we have the highest mass incarceration rate in the world, but we never say we have violations of human rights. there is a problem, and i am here. i have a ph.d.. i have a very successful family, with high achievers. my family are destroyed. i'm an advocate, and
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activist, i have produced tv programs, and i realize i want to help them. but i have decided i have to stay here, not because i am willing to, but i was forced to. i have almost no freedom. i want to tell, you the problem so you can help me and help the united states, and help the world. how are we going to improve our society? i already mentioned some kind of private partnership is a serious problem. for this reason, i was always denied to be afforded the opportunity to speak. the police have struck me from
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entering the place. you can really help our society, especially from america first. >> i will do my best to help society. (technical problem) >> maybe one more question, if we have one. >> hi mark, this is alex. terrific remarks, and thank you for the energy you are bringing to this and to the government as a whole. one of the things you raised, which i think is really interesting, is the evaluation of countries to see how they are doing, and if they are having challenges and problems, to invest more heavily in democracy and governance in those places. i just wanted to ask you to go a bit deeper on this, because one of the challenges that you face
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in doing that is one, earmarks, and i'm interested to hear how you get over the hump of being able to allocate more money for these things. but the second is also that those environments where the challenges are greatest, are often the most difficult for us to do this type of work. and you get a lot of resistance from the government. i am curious, how would you do that? how do you find the places where things are the hardest, and invest more, as opposed to having to do last? >> good to see, you alex. in terms of picking our targets for investments, if you will. we try as much as possible to rely on those metrics, what we call the country road maps, the metrics on commitment and capacity. you are pointing to the imperfect part of that. we do have restrictions on funding, whether we no longer do earmarks, we do tertiary public
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policy directives, i think they refer to them as. but there are restrictions on some of our flex abilities. the grand plan, to be very honest and open about it, in assembling these metrics, is to be able to earn more flexibility from congress, and across the executive branch. people may disagree with individual programs and investments, but we will be able to show them republican and democrats, at least it is based upon objective indicators we are using. there is logic to the approach we are taking. that is the grand plan on that front. you are pointing to one of the challenges we have. secondly, in terms of being able to work in some of these environments. first, off as you know, we work primarily through our implementing partners, the eye our, eye and nda, and usip's of the world. and we rely upon them to get to places we cannot. but it is a great
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challenge for us, right now. the non permissive environments that we face, is a major challenge, and it is something we are constantly bumping up against. it hurts our ability. on the other hand, i do you think what we are seeing in so many countries is that the youth bulge, that young generation that is aspirational in terms of its belief and wanting to have a voice in the future, is creating pressure points such that i think it is creating new openings for us. it is a tough challenge in a balance we strike, but that is one of the principal hindrances to doing as much to want to. >> on behalf of usip, i want to thank you for your time, and for your leadership. we appreciate you devoting a good chunk of it to us this morning. for those in the audience, we
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asked you stay put. we are going to transition very quickly to our next conversation. but before that happens, please thank me and joining in thanking our speaker. >>
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next, day look at voting rights in the united states as law professors discuss the voting rights act, the electoral college, and state voter id laws. hosted by the american constitution society. >> good afternoon everyone. my name is kara stein, i'm the -- we are always pleased to be here, i would like to reflect every year that i was in law h

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