tv Reel America U.S. Census Bureau Promotional Films Television Ads CSPAN September 25, 2020 10:22pm-10:42pm EDT
world. with more than 130 million free people, its 33 million homes, its 7 million farms, its best panorama of other resources. machines and structures beyond the dreams even of our own fathers. above all the material blessings, government by consent of the governed. educator sensitive to a democracy's constant need for more education, citizens free to speak out and able to analyze their own problems. all these make up the united states of america of 1940, a nation of vast human and physical resources. official scorekeeper of american development for 150 years has been the busy but unspectacular united states census. it's population figures since 1790 have determined the number of delegates from each state in
the house of representatives. 15 times, the wars and panics, the census has brought a picture of the nation in inventory. congress has repeatedly extended the scope to meet the needs of american life. in april 1940, 120,000 census takers took a carefully planned pattern in north america. the greatest inventory of the world's greatest democracy. official census questions must be answered, but the census taker will face heavy penalties of a violation of his own. the report -- reports are transformed through a series of
holes punched into coded cards. thus, these vast piles become confidences between the citizens and the census bureau specifically protected by law. thousands of operators will sort and tabulate the millions of cards almost entirely with machines. mechanical marvels of accuracy and speed. and so will be written the official record of the 1940 america with careful measurements that of gains, loses - writes all the changes the census of 1930. unbiased facts to measure markets for the farmer, the plans of student health officials, the needs of local government, facts to lawmakers, facts to which free people can chart its future or you cannot know your country unless your country knows you. (music) operation roll call, usa is a fascinating story.
my name is george stone and here to help me report that story is a man who has lived it, acting director of the 1950's census, professor philip hauser. >> hi, george, i have lived through it several times and it is a fascinating story. we can count everybody once, nobody twice and the first step therefore is to carve the nation into a large number of small areas. the area which he she is to cover. >> where do all those maps come from? >> the census bureau makes its own. the geography division begins its work long before the census is taken and keeps working right up until the last minute. headquarters of the bureau of the census is just outside washington, d.c.
here we meet this optical sensing device. the microfilm is fed into this optical sensing device, each frame of the film which is a single census report sheet stops for a fraction of the second well the machine scans it. the 1960's census is the first to use this and it does the job at an earlier -- that in earlier censuses required the work of carpenters. the tapes are fed into the computer along with other tapes which tell it what to do with the information. these are called programs. we need a machine that can read the tapes and transmit them into printed names, and here it is, the high-speed printer. this can turn out statistical tables at the rate of 600 lines a minute. each time a census is taken, much is learned about how better to do the test, new machines are developed to help do the job and a real effort is
made to make it more efficient and more accurate than the preceding one. we must have many facts about ourselves as a nation and as a people. the census is the machine we have jointly established for finding and publishing these facts. what is your part in this enterprise? it is to cooperate with the enumerator, to answer the census question, to make sure your name is on that role. that is your part in the big count. ♪ ♪ this april 1st we will take the pulse for the 19 time in our sets century. >> for the separate statistics allowed up to a full-length profile of the nation. the census has been handed down
to us from the founding fathers as part of the constitution. we have preserved it over the years as one of our most useful legacies. keeping track of where we are and where we are going is still our common purpose. our separate identities will be lost in the process which is concerned only with what is said, not who set it -- said it. the first census took 18 months to count less than 4 million people. using today's electronic tools, we will count over 200 million in a fraction of that time. where we stand 100 different
ways, how many under 18, or over 65, how many in schools how many out of work. how many new schools, libraries, and teachers will they need? we have made the census much more than a gathering of statistics. wherever we are, whatever we want to become, it can help us all and lincoln's words to better judge what to do and how to do it. count yourself in. director of the bureau of the census. >> you and i have at least two things in common, first like you, my family and i will have two answer the 1980 census. we will list ourselves, our ages, what kind of home we have and so forth. we all have an enormous stake
in the completion and accuracy of this census. >> hi i am a fan of the seattle seahawks and this my family. >> i am lou brock of the st. louis cardinals. >> the asian pacific american community is especially is a large and growing and diverse one and requires specific information so we can respond to the community needs of health care, education, aided to the aged. >> the census shows where your commune and mine need help. >> it provides an accurate read of our committee, that is how we get help that is needed from jobs, schools, and hospitals. your name and address will be kept absolutely secret, that is a law. make sure you count in america's future, answer the census on april 1, i'm going to. >> in 80 million mailboxes
across the usa, the census is coming to help us plan the way. (music) two shows where you're going, for the future of our land. (music) can we count on you? you can count on me. can we count on you? you can count on me. help your community get equal government resident representation. answer the 1980 census and all your answers are kept confidential by law. (music) can we count on you? you can count on me. -- can we count on you? answer the senses, we are counting on you.
answer the census, we are counting on you. >> the u.s. census is not just a population count, it helps allocate federal, state, and local funds to your community for things like hospitals, schools, and daycare centers. take a few minutes and answer the census, it counts for more than you think. stand up and be counted, because anyway we add it, it makes good sense to answer the census. >> one of the ways our constitution preserves our rights is to require the government to conduct a census every 10 years, adults determine how you are represented in congress and what kind of government services you find in your community, so be a part of this great democracy. answer the census, it counts for more than you think.
>> what does this 1990 census questionnaire have to do with job training or the head start program for under underserved kids? just about everything. this provides the basis for funding programs and other services, you will do your community a favor by filling out your questionnaire and mailing it back. >> answer the census, it counts for more than you think. >> this is george francisco, you're going to have a part in the 1990 official u.s. government census, the census comes once every 10 years and 1990 the year. april 1 is census day. the census tells us how many of us there are and a lot about our standard of living. please, answer the census. >> it counts for more than you think. ♪ ♪ >> we did it, hey!
back. >> why? >> because everybody counts in the census form, including kids. it helps us get things in our town like daycare centers, schools, and more. yay! we did it, the 2010 census. children count, too. >> beginning in march, the u.s. census bureau will invite households across the country to participate in the 2020 census. what is the census? simple report, it is a headcount of every person living in the united states. to be sure the government represents the people, the u.s.
constitution requires a population count every 10 years. ever since 1790, the census has determined the number of states each state receives in the u.s. house of representatives. it is and always has been a cornerstone of our democracy. we still use it to determine representation, but leaders also use the data to make decisions. your response helps guide planning for the future of our communities. the 2020 census will help inform decisions on how billions of dollars are allocated annually for critical public services like roads, schools, hospitals, and health care clinics. fire and emergency response services, and hundreds of other programs. in 2020, for the first time, you will be able to complete the census online, by phone, or by mail. it asks a few simple questions like how many people live in your home on april 1 including their age and sex and if there are any children living there. you should know, by law, all census responses are complete confidential and your personal information cannot be shared with any law enforcement agency. every person counts, no matter who you are or where you live. whether your family has participated for decades or the 2020 census will be your first, we all have a role in shaping
real america, archival films on public issues of the day. next a look at education in the u.s.. first a film on a report on the status of schools in 1957, years before the department of education was created. then a look at the educational and economic needs of rural, working class americans. later, a film promotes a program for gifted elementary school students and showing how they are selected in visiting classrooms to observe students and teachers at work. >> johnny is my given name. america is my nation. the school i