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tv   Advocate Group on State Highway Safety Laws  CSPAN  January 22, 2019 11:01am-12:00pm EST

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census workers, state department, all kinds of workers who are affected. the downstream effects of that in terms of the economy that relies on those federal workers. i don't know whether stephen has talked to lawmakers. initially, there were some republican lawmakers who told reporters i don't have federal workers in my district, so i don't care. it doesn't affect me. it turns out there may be surprised how the shutdown ripples across the country. host: >>
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definition of the loss can be found starting on page 11 of the report. there are five issue areas. child passenger safety, teen driving safeguards, impaired driving, and distracted driving. the highway safety report card gives each state a grade on both the issue areas and the overall rating is on total laws and activism. states are awarded a green rating if they have had significant advancements in passing optimal laws. a state cannot achieve the highest rating if it is not enacted a law for occupants both front and rear occupants. only six states in dca have achieved this highest upgrade. a yellow rating indicates that a state needs improvement because it still has gaps in some of the optimal laws. 33 states have achieved the
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yellow rating. 11 states have been given a red rating which indicates that they are dangerously behind in safety laws. more information about the overall ratings can be found starting on page 36 of the report. this year's roadmap report also reveals that 406 laws are still in all 50 needed states and the district of columbia. with more than 37,000 people being killed, millions injured, and americans paying an annual crash tax of $784, advocates calls on elected officials to use this roadmap report to make necessary improvements to their laws this year. right now, we are mired in mediocrity when we should be boasting about leadership. on a positive note, last year, five states took a step forward by enacting optimal law. idaho and iowa enacted interlock requirements for all impaired driving offenders. this improvement resulted in
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improving their overall ratings from red to yellow this year. illinois, nebraska, and virginia improved their child safety laws to protect their youngest and smallest occupants. we call on all states to follow their lead. one dozen states could move up from yellow to green its they enact one law this year. the theme of the report is "until the day comes when driverless cars are proven to be safe, we can save countless lives by taking action now unverified technology and comprehensive laws. advocates rounding in 1989, we have always promoted vehicle safety technologies backed by evidence to reduce crashes. while we are optimistic that automated systems or driverless car's may have the potential to reduce or even eliminate crashes in the future, that vision is
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still likely decades away. if we don't change the status quo until driverless car the ubiquitous, motor vehicle crashes kill hundreds of thousands of people, injured millions more, and caused our society billions of dollars. advocates report challenges that driverless cars are the ultimate and imminent solution. it offers ready and reliable solutions in a too full of courage. first, all states should adopt the laws outlined in the report.
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other crashes, other technology like departure warning and blend but detections also have resulted in major crash reduction. on the path to a taunus vehicles, these technologies could not only be saving lives, but they can also help instill consumer confidence that advanced technologies can save lives. the question of how to illuminate motor vehicle crashes is not an unanswerable one. we know what to do. enact strong laws, and deploy proven technology. this combination will bring about meaningful change. it's time for our state and federal officials to get started. we stand ready to help them proceed and save lives. i would like to welcome manager is our dynamic line of speakers today who represents public health experts, advocates, law enforcement, insurance interest in victims of motor vehicle crashes.
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of the emergency trauma nurse register program at the university of texas. a founder of the american academy of the emergency nurse practitioners, and emergency nurses position member and a fellow at the academy of emergency nursing. and theand president consumer cochair of advocates for. police at the central falls police department in rhode island. president ofnal mothers against drunk driving. of federal affairs and farmers insurance group and a board member of advocates. after each speaker has given the remarks, we will open up questions the media. if you are doing on our webcast, there are instructions below the video viewer on how to submit a question. the materials and recording of the webcast will be available on our website.
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lastly, i would like to express my sincere gratitude for the advocate board of directors and our staff who have spent countless hours compiling this report. a special thank you to alice and kennedy who led the roadmap project as well as to kathy, lisa, and others. this report is truly a team effort. nearlyires reviewing 1000 laws and legislations, government data, and research reports to developers conference of analysis. we hope that it sends an emergency for action. lives are literally at stake. first, i would like to welcome dr. ramirez. dr. ramirez brings a remarkable amount of i-40's your career in emergency nursing. having been a registered nurse
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since 1988, she is currently professor of clinical nursing of the university of texas. we thank dr. ramirez for joining us today to share her unique public health perspective. >> good morning, everybody. i'm from houston, texas, and i'm so pleased to join advocates today for the release of the roadmap of state highway safety of our report. so exciting to be here. this information is so important. i want to represent the perspective and concerns of the public health community regarding rentable traffic crashes, fatalities, and very importantly, injuries. the emergency nursing association, the american academy of nurse practitioners and our members work to promote ,he highest quality care evidence-based practice for nurse practitioners, nurses providing emergency care,
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patients of all ages and acuity is, in cooperation with interdisciplinary teams. we use our expertise and research, curriculum development, nursing regulation, clinical practice, all to offer the highest quality care at all levels. across the nation, emergency nurses are on the front lines was running to the pain and suffering caused by motor vehicle crashes. in my 30 years in practice, i cannot count the number of deaths and injuries i have seen just in my career. i promise you, my dreams remind me. we use every tool at hand, knowledge from education, or training, and lessons learned from experience crash victims. we are dedicated to our patients and deeply committed to the survival, but most importantly, to their ability to recover functionally. this level of care requires emotional investment. or the loss of our patients those permanently disabled are
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felt very strongly biased. caring comes at a very high cost. manynot tell you how many, families i have cried with, prayed with, and actually sometimes have even gone to the funerals. just because even though i just met them for that moment, those feelings are so very deep and emotional. sadly, no matter how hard i work, no matter how hard any of us work, it's not enough sometimes to save their lives or to help them through those long journeys from the rest of their lives. we have seen far too many people suffer and spoken with way too many families whose loved ones did not make it. there's people in this room that have been touched by this. i'm telling you, the feeling never goes away. these injuries and losses are devastating for individuals, families, friends, communities, and the medical care team. i cannot tie you how many young
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nurses i have worked with on a daily basis, where i have to tell them let's go talk. because it's so easy to get just caught into the work of it, and input put them in a plastic bag and walk away. and when you get in that car on the way home, it hits you. remember, you got to come back and do it again tomorrow. there's a lot of work to be done. especially heartbreaking loss of function is preventable. again, preventable. as it is with car crashes. home, sadly but happy at the same time, we are in the yellow rating which means we need improvement. coming in number nine of the 16 optimal loss. the good news is that when our state legislator convened last year in 2017, they enacted a driver text ban.
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this was a great step forward in addressing the deadly epidemic of distracted driving. is returning to the issue with a proposed handheld cell phone ban. but i want everybody to be considerate that i urge the state officials of texas and the number of other states to proceed carefully. what do i mean by that? to ensure that these efforts do -- please assure that loopholes are not created that permit distracted uses in hand free mode. such as streaming video or video chatting. this is real. at my age, i'm like, what are you talking about? the truth is, there's so many new models and opportunities to use cell phones for other purposes other than using them to call someone or to text, we
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need to be very careful and educate our communities and our legislators about this. and seize opportunities to extend text bending language to include the proliferation of wirelessng communications, options that have become available as the technology has expanded through cell phones to smartphones. critical, very critical. i also urge legislators to reject efforts to repeal the use of automated enforcement programs such as speed of the red light cameras. these are critical. tose programs are critical supporting traditional enforcement efforts and determining dangerous behaviors and this report discusses the percentages of how these can be saved, the differences of how people are saved by these technologies. i'm pleased to share that the texas legislature will be all right or motorcycle helmet bill and i have seen people come in to the
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department that have not used helmets. it is not good. it is horrible. the most devastating part is that if they survived, the likelihood of ever coming back to normal function after a head injury is slim to none. other one, a requirement to keep children in a rear facing safety seat from h2 or longer. it's difficult to see -- from age two or longer. it's difficult to see anybody injured but to me, any baby that is injured, i know that's the fault that was not in their baby hands, it was the parents or the laws of the state. these laws will help to protect all road users of texas which is tied for oklahoma with the 11th highest fatality rate in the nation. with more than 37,000 deaths and millions of injuries annually on our roads, elected officials
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throughout the country must move forward with the preventative countermeasures and advocates roadmap reports. ,nce again, countermeasures this is critical. failure to do so will result in more traffic crash victims in , nogency departments emergency nurse once this experience. especially not me. thank you so much. >> thank you. next, i would like to introduce the founder and president of --. dedicated her career to improving motor vehicle safety with a specific focus. child passengers. her work has resulted in numerous safety advances including requiring trunk releases and rearview cameras in all cars and standard equipment starting this year. starting last year.
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now that it's 2019. welcome. >> thank you, kathy. that morning. presidentounder and of kids and cars.org. i also serve as the consumer care advocate for highway and auto safety. i'm pleased to join all of you and especially this distinguished panel of speakers, for the release of the 2019 roadmaps of saint highway safety laws. the annual report released by advocates is a vital tool for lawmakers kicking off a display of sessions in state capitals across the country. with motor vehicle crash deaths and injuries on except lehigh, the time for action and sensible policies outlined in the roadmap report is now. great, there has been a deal of focus on those flashy
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driverless vehicles. and they are seen as the cars of the future, to remedy the issues plaguing our roadways. such as impaired and distracted driving and excessive speeding. however, the realization of that potential is a long way off. when we reached the time when there's going to be some driverless car's on the road with traditional cars, tried and true protections like seatbelts, motorcycle helmets, and child safety seats will remain incredibly important. that is why it is an heritage of take action now. and implement the basic safeguards. strong child safety seat laws are especially important to ensure our youngest passengers are properly protected. each day on average, three
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children under the age of 14 are killed in motor vehicle crashes. imagine that when you come home tonight, you might be missing one of your children. this is especially devastating given that the use of proper restraints, the it a rear facing seat, a forward facing five part harness with a tether, a booster seat, or a seatbelt has been proven by research and experience to reduce the likelihood of a child being injured or killed in a crash. i would like to congratulate the state of illinois, nebraska, and virginia for enacting optimal laws requiring children to be placed in a rear facing seat through the age of two in 2018. this decision ensures that a
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head and neck and spine are supported in a crash. extending the rear facing seat position until the age of two is yet, already,, quite a few states have passed a law in the last two years making the total 12. graduate out of a forward facing child safety seat, the next step is to be buckled up in a booster seat. seatbelts are made to properly fit 170 pound males. you can see why is vitally important to keep those kids in a booster seat for just as long as you can. now, only 15 states have an optimal law which cover children up to the age of eight and 57 inches in height.
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statesnately, only five have these critical child safety laws. init's time our lawmakers nearly every state prioritize the safety of our very precious child passengers. i also want to call today our federal leaders to do their part. a rule is languishing in the u.s. department of transportation that would require seatbelt reminders to help prevent backseat passengers and help make sure they are properly buckled. doesn't make any sense when we get in our vehicles today that if you are not in the front seat, driver or passenger, you get a buzz if you are not buckled up. but what about those kids in the back seat? we also need to make sure that cars are equipped with an alert system to prevent the horrific isuation in which a child unknowingly left alone in a vehicle, in the backseat by
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their parents or other caregivers. children, that's one almost every week, died in a hot car. year wes for the worst ever recorded in u.s. history. we worked on this for a very long time and it's very dear to my heart. but there are solvable problems, and they continue to persist despite the availability of proven technology. we can and we must do better. to wrap up my remarks, i would like to announce this year's best and worst states. the best states are those that have received a green rating. team, they are representing the states that are
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significantly advanced in adopting all of advocate recommended optimal laws. island,ates are rhode delaware, oregon, washington, california, louisiana, and the district of columbia. we congratulate these states on achieving this important distinction. -- nor, those states states have all 16 recommended laws by advocates. now, for the worst states. these states received a red rating because they fall dangerously behind on the adoption of advocate recommended laws. and those are south dakota, missouri,rizona, ohio,a, florida,
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nebraska, new hampshire, vermont, and virginia. despite these unfavorable ratings, these states had a clear need to grow and improve. in fact, just this year, both idaho and iowa moved off the worst list because they enacted one of the recommended laws. so let's keep going and get everybody to green. we encourage every state lawmaker to look at advocates roadmaps and commit to championing safety improvements. by doing so, you will save lives. thank you. >> thank you. next is colonel james who has dedicated nearly three decades of his life to service of the central falls police department and has served as chief of police since january 2013. he is also the immediate past
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president of the rhode island police chief association. he will offer a key perspective on law enforcement about the need for stronger safety laws. thank you for being with us today. >> good morning. foruld like to thank kathy inviting me today, i'm truly honored. as a police officer and a police chief and as kathy mentioned, the near and past president of the association, i have dedicated my career to making people safe in my home state of rhode island. through proper enforcement and we hope toety laws, reduce the number of crashes. i'm a staunch advocate for improving traffic safety by dotting the life-saving laws featured in the 2019 roadmap for state highway safety laws.
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i'm especially proud to note that rhode island has enacted 13 of the optimal traffic safety laws and holds the distinction of the highest rank state in the nation for having done so. traffic safety affects each and every one of us. are, what myere we would we speak, or what political beliefs we hold. ,hether we are pedestrians cyclists, drivers, or passengers, traffic safety is a common thread and its absence, a common thread. recklessness is a frequent factor because speed, lack of seatbelts, motorcycle helmet use, and impaired or distracted driving. some of the repeated yet entirely preventable factors leading to motor vehicle crashes on the nations highways and byways. one of the most difficult parts
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of being a law enforcement officer is delivering the news that a loved one has been killed in a motor vehicle crash. that complete devastation is one of the major motivations in my participation in this event today. the passage of comprehensive laws for those offices to work toward preventing these fatalities and making the roads safer for all. please, know that police do not want to put you over. not one of us does. in fact, when we do play driver over, we are putting ourselves at enhanced risk by being exposed on the shoulder of the road to other vehicles. compliance ander deterrence of attention. traffic safety data shows that advocates recommended basic and clinical traffic safety laws are urgently needed.
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nearly half of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2017 were not buckled up. yet, 16 states are still missing a primary enforcement front seat belt requirement. our society embraces technology. that permits easy access to write your options. resulting in more rearseat passengers. rear seat belt use is vital. unfortunately, our traffic safety laws are not keeping pace with technology. 31 states are still missing a primary enforcement rear seat belt requirement. motorcyclists are about 28 times more likely than passenger car occupants to die in motor vehicle traffic crashes. helmet, the a chance of a fatal injury drops significantly, by around 40%. the most effective way to get writers to wear helmets is passing and all right or
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motorcycle helmet law. unfortunately, 31 states are missing this critical law, including rhode island. it's a deadly gap in our admirable record that needs to be remedied. the latest danger on our roadways is distraction. our need to be constantly connected through wireless communication technology has been compared to an addiction. there is concern that the technology has developed a way that actually promotes the addictive response. just last year, rhode island, which is already past distracted driving laws, took additional steps to curb the prevalence of distracted driving. thanacted a handheld phone to help further reduce distraction and amplify distracted driving ignorance
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enforcement. in my position as president of the police chief association last year, i lead an initiative to educate the public for public service announcements. --technology involves evolves, so must our efforts. ourlaw enforcement in federal, state, and issues have led to a decrease of 23% of traffic fatalities in rhode island's roadways from 2017 to 2018. but we are not done. i would like rhode island to become the first state in the nation to have all 16 laws in the roadmap report. we only have three to go. these actions are critical because one fatality on our roads is one too many. thank you. >> thank you.
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we are pleased to be joined today by the new national president of mothers against drunk driving. in 2000, she suffered the unbelievable loss of her teenage daughter. the very next year, she joined madd serving as a volunteer victim advocate and staff member and self we are so grateful for her to be here today and for the long partnership of advocates for highway safety and madd. thank you. >> good morning. i would like to thank kathy and advocates for highway safety for inviting me here this morning. have a longocates history of working together, one that i'm pleased to continue. my name is helen and i'm the national president of mothers against truck driving and i'm many oneg one of the
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million victims and survivors madd has served. i come here today to represent them, to put a face on this horrible 100% preventable crime that is the leading cause of death on our nation's roadways. until a june day 18 years ago, my life was everything i had i lived with my husband john in our miami home, the home my dad had built many years before. with our two children, a boy and a girl. we had the perfect names, we were john and john and helen and helen maria. ie, because i did not want to be big helen or old helen. she was our first four, helen maria was our first born and she was wonderful. she was a handful, she put me
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through my mom faces and when her brother john arrived about two and a half years later, she was so excited, she was thrilled, until she realized that he was there to stay. and you have to share. which she learned to do. and she also learned to love him to destruction. they were not perfect children. but they were well-adjusted, which is what my husband and i had prayed for. dream was shattered on june 1 in the year 2000. helen murray had just come home from school, she was a bit nervous because she was going to direct a play, she loved theater, and she was comfortable on stage but directing a play made her nervous so she was going to go on her rollerblade route.
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don't worry mom, i stay on the bike cap, i cross at the crosswalk, i will be right back. the same day, another teenage girl was working off her stress are close to our home, she was working offer stress another way. with shots of tequila and marijuana. their lives collided that afternoon on a bike path. the driver lost control of her spinning off the road onto the bike path, instantly killing my daughter who was on her way home. solace knowing that she was killed instantly. i knew she saw the car coming. but her death was instant. and she did not suffer. long. here she is. afternoon, i was waiting for her and i heard the sirens. thinking of,ember
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she's not in a car. i would worry if she was in a car. but as the sun went down that afternoon and she did not come home, i began to worry and when a strange car drove into our driveway, i think i already knew. i can't explain to you the hours, days, and weeks, months and years that followed that. it started with organizing a funeral for my 16-year-old daughter. the next day it was answering a call asking for body parts. packing up her things that still held her essence. and i kept looking for her. i kept thinking she was going to come through the front door. and then it was standing in a criminal court room. a place utterly foreign.
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madd was there for me. they gave me information. liveshowed me that i could through this grief. platform, and i am so grateful. the senselessness of this crime continues to kill 11,000 people on our roadways every year. that is why this advocates roadmap is so important. mad isd grateful to work with the advocates to encourage an advocate for federal and state legislators, to stop tragedies on our roadways. we know that alcohol followed by speed and not wearing seatbelts are the largest killers year
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after year. our campaign to eliminate drunk driving is the blueprint for creating a nation with no more victims. includes four vital parts. supporting high visibility laws and sobriety checkpoints. sobriety checkpoints reduce drunk driving deaths by 20%. according to the centers for disease control and prevention. mad isd proud to stand with our law enforcement officers and heroes to thank them for helping to keep our roads safe. we call on agencies to advertise and conduct more sobriety peopleints which deter from driving while impaired. this is an underutilized tool. the second is passing laws in every state that require
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ignition interlock for all drunk driving offenders. madd is proud to work with representative debra dingell of michigan who introduced legislation expanding the use of these life-saving devices in response to the horrific january 6 crime in kentucky. that killed in michigan family of five. mom, dad, and three children. madd now counts 32 states and washington, d.c. as in all offender interlock state. that makes -- that means that offenders that use of ignition interlock -- must use an ignition interlock if they want to drive. of drunk drivers continue to drive on a suspended license. onlyands to reason that
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suspending a license will not prevent this horrible crime. madd.ed ignition interlock madd will not stop working until we have all those states, the legislature and partners like advocates will help us to wire those life-saving devices for all drunk driving offenders. the third element ofmadd's campaign is the development of advanced vehicle technology such in the outehicles all detection system for safety, much easier to say dads. it will passively detect if the driver is impaired. this technology will be such a popular safety option that it will become standard feature, much like interlock breaks and airbags have evolved. the fourth initiative of the campaign to prevent drunk
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driving is public support. with the grassroots efforts of our volunteers and are many other partners including we haves, we can say reduced drunk driving fatalities by half since 1980. we can say it is no longer acceptable for anyone to drink and drive and we can say, we have so many options for safe and sober rides home. abouty, i want to talk the laws to protect our most vulnerable on the highway, or children. driving drunk with a child passenger is a crime. and a form of child abuse. of the leading causes of death among our nation's children. policeefore christmas, charged a south carolina driver
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who had a history of traffic offenses in the depths of his four child passengers. all siblings. the oldest, just eight. the youngest, two. in an instant, a mother lost all four of her children. to this senseless, inexcusable crime. children do not have a voice or a choice when riding with an adult, and they should never be in danger from a drunk driver. d.c.ates and washington, now have laws imposing additional sanctions for those who drive drunk with a child passenger in a vehicle. the biggest success stories relating to child endangerment laws is the law in new york which imposes an additional period on ignition interlock and make the offense a felony. later this year, the launcher instead years old.
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add calls on all states to a neck similar life-saving measures. every child deserves a designated sober driver. lawmakers want to make the punishment fit this heinous crime. despite all of our work, we still have much to do. afterdecades of decline, decades of decline, drunk drivers deaths have risen in recent years. a fact that surprises many because people think we have such options for rideshare. which makes it easy to get a safe ride home. drunk driving fatalities have increased. won't upt stop, i until the day there are no more victims. until there are no more stories like helen. thank you again to advocates for your roadmap, highlighting what
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states can do to protect families from these tragedies. us workinge all of together. thank you. >> thank you so much for joining us today and for sharing helen marie's story. now we will turn to the head of federal affairs for farmers insurance. matt also serves as an insurance member on the advocates for. before joining farmers, he worked in the financial services industry. advocates is very proud of our strong partnership with farmers insurance, and especially grateful to matt for joining us today. >> good morning. thank you for having us here and thank you to all of the fellow presenters for your dedication. helen, thank you especially for sharing your story of that truly unimaginable horror as a parent. thank you for that.
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as kathy said, i'm the head of federal affairs of farmers insurance and we are very proud and pleased to be here. as joint advocates today released the 16th annual roadmap for state highway safety laws. for all the reasons you've heard, we are very passionate about this and we are pleased to be here and congratulate the advocates for the 30th year. know, this unique organization brings together insurers, safety consumers and public health organizations in pursuance of a common goal which is safer roads, safer cars, safer drivers, savor passengers. farmers is very proud to be a member of the board of directors and shares a strong commitment to improving safety for all road users. as one of the largest insurers in the country, we have seen the devastating effects of motor vehicle crashes each day on average, more than 100 people are killed and 8500 are injured
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on our nation's roads. it's on acceptable and very preventable. the toll comes at a tremendous cost to society of and were $800 billion in damages each year. as farmers, we are committed to working with our safety partners to address significant problems to keep families across the country safe. we measures are successful in reducing grasses. -- in reducing crashes. in 2019, the policies recommended have demonstrated to be effective. we urge state lawmakers to take action now, or take action this year without any further delay. the problems being experienced on our roads are very clear. too many people continue to drive and ride impaired and distracted. however, the solutions are also very clear. the advocates report will find the roadmap making the roads safer in improving safety now. to talk a bit about the
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thatstics, research shows seatbelts, when used properly, help reduce the risk of death or from the occupants by 45%. motorcycle helmets, similarly, produce the chance of real injury by approximately 8%. the proper use of child safety seats decreases fatal injury in infants by over 70%. it -- also properly used child safety seats reduce death for over 50% of toddlers in passenger vehicles. comprehensive graduated driver laws can result in overall crash reductions of 10 to 30% among teenage drivers. ignition interlock devices have been shown to reduce alcohol involved crash deaths by 15%. all driver text messaging restrictions and teen driver cell phone bans helps prevent dangerous distracted driving. despite all this clear and compelling evidence, the
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over 400do save lives, gaps still exist in state laws nationwide. not one state has all 16 recommended laws in the roadmap report. and every state enacted just one law this year, just one law, it would be great progress and many many lives be saved. that motoredy vehicle crashes remain the number one killer of american teenagers. 2017, nearly 5000 people were killed in crashes involving drivers ages 15 to 20. of those, 2000 fatalities were the young driver themselves. programs which help teenagers gain diet will driving experience while facing in by ang privileges are back strong, empirical research and data. however, no one state has all the optical -- optimal components. teen drivers also represent the largest age group who are
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reported as distracted during fatal crashes. still, 20 states and pc have not passed teenage cell phone bans to curb this major safety issue. in closing, farmers insurance urges every state to use this roadmap report as a catalyst for change. when coupled with the full climate of proven safety technologies, meaningful reductions in crash deaths, reductions in injuries, and costs can be achieved. thank you for having us here today, we appreciate it. >> thank you, and thanks to all of our panelists today. at this time, we would like to open up for questions. are there any reporters in the room with questions? if not, we'll go to the webcast. go ahead. >> thank you.
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know whyanted to states would not be passing these laws. i know you guys have been advocating to pass these laws were a while, but why do some states take longer or why are some lagging so far behind others? >> passing these laws is very challenging. it really takes some strong leadership and a commitment to see it through the legislating process where each state has its own process. sometimes as a multi-year effort a reallywe find dedicated elected official including governors and lieutenant governors, who make it a priority, that is where we found our greatest success. not to mention, last year, five states enacted new laws so that was good progress. but like matt said, every state just past one law this year, that would be 50 new laws and we would be in better shape on our highways than all motorists -- and all motorists would be safer.
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if there are no more questions from the audience, one question that came in online from the providence journal, specifically, what is the effect of legalization of marijuana on roadway safety and what effect would legalization of marijuana have on roadway safety specifically in rhode island? >> i will have an overall comment and then i will talk about rhode island. we have seen that the use of marijuana and the combination of marijuana and alcohol has endangered motorists on our roads. in some states, and four states, and colorado, oregon, washington and nevada, there was a 6% increase in impaired driving fatalities. as states moved to consider the legalization of marijuana, we really urge them to think about the implications that could play out in real-time on our roadways. unfortunately right now, there's no accurate measurements of marijuana impaired driving. wethat's a challenge that
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need to research and other leaders to figure out how we can measure it so that there can be enforcement of this type of impairment. point, we really don't know what the effects of the. there's an assumption that going to causel greater impairment on our roads go if someone is actually under the influence of marijuana, because the tobacco, and he can be very difficult, we don't have the means to really detect the use of marijuana in roadside sobriety tests. so to answer the question, we don't know. thate fearful of the fact there's going to have you selected in effect be very difficult. to >> cars are supposed
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be giving safer, they are practically driving themselves. shouldn't we see fewer people die on the roads? >> at the long-term goal but right now, there are different levels of driver assistance programs and sometimes, drivers don't know really what the capabilities and limitations of these vehicles are. it's not really clear. sometimes, the systems are being called something that would imply that there is an overreliance on the system when it really should not be. it's very important that when someone buys a new car or gets into a rental car with a newer car, that they know what the car can and can't do, and they know how to respond if they need to take over, if there are technologies that allow for it -- for the car to essentially drive itself in some situations. right now we are in a murky area and we need to make sure that there are clear educational
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efforts about these technologies. >> i know the report looks at each state and use that of every state just past one law. is there one law that's more important, if you had to list them in a top priority? of crashesr causes are impairment, speeding, and a lack of seatbelt use. right now, nearly 50% of all fatalities, people are not aqaba up. that is a major problem. primary enforcement seatbelt laws for both rear and front occupants are lacking significantly in the states. what we have tried to do with the roadmap is give a very comprehensive yet simple guidebook to state legislators and elected officials to look and see which laws their states are lacking and then take action on them. >> another question from the webcast from new jersey. states jersey one of the
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that could go from yellow to green by enacting one law? which law is the highest priority that would save the most lives? >> yes, new jersey is one of the states that could move from yellow to green and what they are lacking is a primary enforcement rear seatbelt law, among some of the other state laws. the enacting that one law would move their rating. >> additional question from new jersey, is there a danger that drivers will overly rely on advanced technology and let driving skills lax? that as people learn to use the technology properly, they can make long-term improvements to highway safety. if we think that a machine or technology can effectively protect us, there can be an overreliance. where a driver has to be engaged and there's also some technology that is helping drive the car, we need to make sure that the drivers are fully engaged.
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this can be a conflict in a number of different systems by just a subtle beep or a subtle vibration of the steering wheel, those will likely not a commerce that. there needs to be complete engagement when a driver needs to be able to take over. additional questions from the webcast, anymore in the room? >> thank you. i noticed you said it might be a good idea to have a team or phasing into driving. can you talk about the importance of that, that's something that is different than maybe when you and i got our licenses. >> as a mother of two teenage girls, this is a very near and dear issue to me. teenagers need to be allowed to be driving on the roadway in a graduated system for the dangers are mitigated. should not behey driving at night, they should not be driving with a number of other teenagers in the car with them. of ways thatumber teenagers can learn to build their driving skills in a safe manner on the way to full
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driving license your. any other questions? would like to i mention a couple of states that have already introduced some legislation that have some promise. in connecticut, there are bills pending on open containers and also to add a rear seatbelt requirement and the governor and lieutenant governor have expressed support for an all rider motorcycle helmet law. in d c, there's a rear facing seat belt law that is moved through the process and is waiting for congressional review. considering upgrading its seatbelt laws to primary enforcement which would be a significant improvement. nebraska is seeking to address distracted driving by upgrading enforcements of teenage driving phone bans and be all driving texting ban. arein new jersey, there efforts to improve teenage driving and impaired driving laws.
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new york is considering a phone than for teenagers. north dakota has built an improved seatbelt law. a .05% baconsidering law which would make it a second state in the nation with this law following utah. washington is looking at that child passenger safety improvement. we have fought these legislative taken, and if action is every single day, we will save lives. thank you so much for joining us today and i hope you have a safe day. [applause]
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[indiscernible] announcer: the legend grew up he was a sad kid, on the waterfront of all the more. he never went to their, i think he internalized that you don't want to do too much babble, but i think he internalized the idea that he must be bad because why else would neither of his parents have wanted them? announcer: sunday on q&a, author and journalist jane levy with her book "the big fella, on the life of legendary baseball
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player babe ruth." >> 1932 world series, babe ruth gets into this back and forth with the picture for the chicago cubs. and it becomes a legend that he's standing at home plate and the cubs and their dog out are going at him, the cubs, and he raises one finger for one strike, for two strikes, and then he points out allegedly to the bleachers, the grandstands, and allegedly setting that's where i'm going to hit the next one. announcer: jane levy, sunday night at 8:00 eastern on q&a. >> about to take you live to the u.s. house, going into session on the agenda today, new sanctions on supporters of the assad regime in syria. and a measure pursuing -

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