This report examined the Army's current plans to meet its aerial scout mission needs. To meet these needs, the Army initiated the Army Helicopter Improvement Program (AHIP) to upgrade existing OH-58 helicopters to an OH-58D configuration. During the past 3 years, the primary role for the OH-58D has changed from being a scout and a target designator for AH-64 attack helicopter units to being assigned to air cavalry units as a scout for ground commanders. The Army Chief of Staff is currently considering additional roles for the modified helicopter. When the Army recommended full-scale procurement of the OH- 58D in 1985, it planned to modify 578 helicopters to serve in three scout roles: (1) with AH-64 Apache attack helicopter units as a target locator and designator, (2) with air cavalry units to perform aerial reconnaissance for ground commanders, and (3) with artillery units as a target locator and designator.