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tv   Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  October 14, 2017 4:30pm-5:01pm CEST

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hello there in a while welcome to yet another edition of eco at africa my name is joy here in bira and we're coming to you from the national museums of kenya and i just took a walk here in the botanical gardens amazing place very green very fresh the air is as fresh as can be and i know you're out there in nigeria where you act and how you're doing i know that joy and hello everybody on now if i were in lagos nigeria you and i will be bringing you really just exciting of our mental stories from all of our progress and you are on here when we have lined up for you. today. on this
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program we'll meet a young camera name of who's been working on our own gandhi from outside body for the past year. we'll also show you how promising looking up aso are coping with climate change. i will meet i try to rescue the kid ready island. we begin today's program in booking a fossil which is especially vulnerable to climate change so oil erosion in the west african country is a huge problem and the absence of regular rainfall a result of climate change has been impacting cool peels more and more in recent years john it is so bad in the north of the country it's become increasingly difficult full follows to grow anything at all and that's why they are banding together in small associations to implement new methods of rainwater collection in order to irrigate the co-ops mystical look at how they're doing this.
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the northern part of berkeley no fossil lines directly in the cycle that. the fields are terribly dry and can't produce enough. either it doesn't rain at all or it rains too much. then the water rips deep depressions into the earth the topsoil gets washed away. the population has grown a lot and the forests have disappeared agricultural land is limited and the rains of got havea the only way to revive the weaken saw is using the half moon method it's the only way to feed a family. one by one the half-moon method takes advantage of the slope and the direction that the rain water flows and explains induces you gauge of the farmers. the result lots of little semicircular plant beds the slope in the gaps brings rain water quick. and even lead to the dug out areas the
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flow of water no longer washes away the topsoil. the ground just dug fifteen centimeters deep more than three hundred many fields are built on an area one hundred by one hundred meters a layer of john makes the ground nice and fertile. sesame beans and millet are planted in the new fields. where. i have two cows seven sheep and goats. for you to go here unfortunately i don't get enough dung from the animals to cultivate all three had tears using the half moon method. to make sure water doesn't create ditches like this small extra dams are used to protect the new areas. this little down creates a difference in height between the field and the rest of the land. the rainwater
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outside flushes the ground away. but here it's stopped by the barrier. so the field is protected. two months later the rainy season is over. the land is green. and the cattle have plenty of grass to graze upon. this millet was cultivated using conventional methods and it looks stunted. whereas the crops on the half-moon fields are flourishing. they had all the water and natural fertilizer they needed. i think it took up the total if it not enough rain falls in this region and when it does rain it all flows into these trenches. the food the half-moon matter you keep the water back. it's
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clear. but it's important to think carefully about how and where you put the semicircles after two cultivation cycles so in two years the ground can completely recover. and i had a farmer last and his army's harvest is so successful this year you have no problem feeding all sixteen family members the half-moon method gives farmers in there's a hell region higher yields a better income and increased protection against the effects of climate change. and now you know syria's kids will climates will made more young people committed to climate protection today's children will be much more affected my climate change than my generation so some kids are taking up the fight at quite an early age last week we got to know a teenage girl who devotes much of her free time to saving butterflies and learning how climate change impacts so favorite insects and now today we've got another kid folk climate and n.t. has got more on this one n.t.
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would you have for us today if climate care is even younger will introduce you to young i mean eleven year old who's taking a stand against rampant consumerism one of our objectives is to persuade other kids to change their views on buying new clothes let's take a look. it's friday afternoon in a school in western germany lessons are over but the pupils are still here for a close swap party. it's been organized by eleven year old young. we ask why she's doing it. was because it's important that we all do something to reduce the level of consumerism that we take a stand against so much new stuff being bought if you buy less because you see what more does less need to grow so much cotton which in turn means that fewer
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pesticides are released into the environment. it's a simple idea the children bring along clothes they no longer need and lay them out on the desks then everyone looks around for the things they like each child can take up to five pieces with them free of charge. the party was young as idea this is the second time she organized one and everyone's enjoying it. and. everything here is in pretty good condition and it means you don't have to spend so much money on shoes and clothing because you get something for nothing else. you can always buy new clothes but this way you save c o two. which is the site i think it's a good way to protect the environment because the clothes are still in good condition so it's a pretty good initiative. is
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a. climate protection is a big topic in lessons to yana says it's one of the most important issues for her generation she believes that even children can create change. if you are many you can bring about real changes and we have to tell adults what to do because this is off and at some point they won't be a life any more than will be the adult so we have to do something for all future. about a year ago yana started buying fair trade chocolate and thinking about the effects of food transport and natural resources then she began volunteering at a plant for the planet today she's promoting organic chocolate in the shopping mall passers by are offered some to taste. the phone was a paid a fair wage the children can go to school that's no child labor and you can clearly see what percent of the price of the chocolate twenty percent goes towards new
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trees the chocolate costs around one year or so twenty cents goes towards nutrients . and the girls have also brought tree saplings from their own gardens which they give away. yon is idealism and compas is every aspect of her daily life to the occasional annoyance of her mother. we've discussed things like the washing how we dry a. dryer uses so much energy and that you can dry the washing outside which is true of course. it's annoying for me though because i have to do it and i need far more time to hang up the washing and then take it down again when it's dry. the eleven year old is always thinking about the planet whether
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she's at school at home or out shopping. sometimes when i'm in the supermarket and i don't have a trolley or anything the shop assistant might offer me a plastic bag but i say no it's fine we can korea because we don't need one. so yes i do you think about packaging though i'm not super extreme i do normal things to practice of us likes him. while. janet is convinced that small changes can lead to big ones and she hopes to infect those around her with the same enthusiasm she feels for the planet. well bring your next story which is on the user what we're talking about sanitary pads these are used by the women every month many times and they use they are disposed of but they become a nuisance to the environment because they are sometimes produced with
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non-biodegradable material someone in uganda decided to make a difference by producing cheap biodegradable sanitary process yes what they're using to make it should be ok let's go to uganda and see what they're working. hygiene education in a school in uganda this is no ordinary teacher she's the director of a start up company. and you kind of sanitary pad is passed from one girl to the next. this battle bio degradable and affordable for the girls. according to a unesco report one in ten girls in sub-saharan africa skip school during her menstrual cycle and in uganda a pack of sanitary pads costs almost half of the minimum wage per month start up company eco smart pads was founded by women the founders know what many girls in africa have to go through many gowns and not. that much when you go to would be
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surprised to know that some will miss because they are going through a mr period where they will be a minister period they did not have the right material you they are so embarrassed to be in public because there was pain their dresses and they run with them so they choose to stay at home the material used is a byproduct of sugarcane processing. you have the sugar cane and the water that is already steam coming in here so what you're doing is boiling the sugar cane or is it due mainly to remove the sugar content and to serve to meet the material is cheap to produce and because they have the support of local organizations the price of the sanitary pads is just hot but of normal ones. after you use the cvs to see about the people all together with the fiber. so that whatever drains through the seas and after this first you're taking it for
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dry. back at the school the girls provide important feedback to the company about their needs. we know now realise that we're supposed to produce a pad. in different sizes that if it were to accommodate for i. like. flowing and. high flow was and it has also. shown their true shrimp are new and that is. that is comfortable for you both and that is a four day both of those plans. head forcing long as. some go they will while they don't tell you to live. by twenty sixteen more than fifty five thousand biodegradable pads have been provided to you
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on school girls that keeps them in school and protects the environment. bicycle. all kinds of. new. left. by the how do you discard them. especially. the grade of. here comes another eco friendly manner to recycle tires egypt produces twenty million tons of tire waste per year of which only ten percent is recycled properly . often and useless tires are burned but that releases toxic pollutants into the air. engineering students in cairo recently built a rubber recycling machine that turns tires into alternative fuel the shredded
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tires or he did in the machine until they reach evaporation point the vapor than dissipates into a condenser the remaining carbon or black coal residue can then be used to produce new tires or stadium floors get the real beneficial product is diesel oil the students say it's very similar to pure diesel and this can be used to drive machines and cement or brick factories. to you like that. if you're also doing your best tell us about. visit our website or send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit we share your story. let's head to you now i've got it by me housing growing and growing in germany and now accounts for more than six percent about me called through a line. and i'm going to miss to around the world i'm keen to learn about like.
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from cameroon for example she's a young engineer with a background in agriculture and she always wanted to see fast and what again it looks like she's now spending a year as you know getting a dairy farm near and equal hero of the week. evil go and her colleagues are setting up the livestock fences again rain or shine it has to be done the grazing counties have to be moved regularly or they'll destroy the pastures and that's something the twenty four year old has learned here. in kamu and we just use this like a leslie we don't know that it's when it's time to regenerate its fertility but here in germany it's a whole copy of. the train farmer has been volunteering here for a year driving the tractor took a bit of getting used to at first. and she was amazed to discover that the
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fences around the animals were electric also because i wanted that to the touch of their kodak win today but then i learned that the voltage is not so high for the cost of die but it is just enough to keep the costs from running away although the callus don't seem exactly eager to leave anytime soon in fact they look quite content with their lot. evil conan likes the idea of dividing a pasture into smaller areas and rotating the livestock through them she hopes to get events farmers in cameroon to do the same yet in germany i've learned so much about caring for. i think that is enough experience for me to think back home and. a group of disabled people also live on the farm and looking after them is part of
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evil colos job here. initially she was wary about doing it now she's happy to help. so something very strange for me but when i came here i remember the seafood that was given to clients here in haiti. in fact it's with these people that she's found the warmth so often missing in farm work her colleagues have helped her settle in and they in turn view the new comer as a great addition to the farm. bicycle design it's her approach to life that so great to live on little but also to be able to delight in small things and her the lety to smile i thought that was great. the farm work itself is more difficult for evil because the animals here are kept very differently than those in her home country these cows for example are bred for their milk alone they're milked by machine. and for efficiency sake they're kept in the shed next door.
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and the animals are only allowed outside at specific times. i think. this is one aspect of animal husbandry in germany that evil cotto finds especially hard to bear even on organic farms calves are separated from their mother shortly after birth and housed in separate stalls in cameroon they grow up in the herd. entities like this like having color so you know stay out in the bun so when i go back i would like to you know share my own ideas about balancing both like balancing industrialization as well as taking care of the animals and making sure that natural habitat. the young farmer is clear that she won't be promoting many of the conditions found in industrial farming she got to know it well during her year here in germany and she plans to bring back videos to show other farmers in her
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country. well it's important to us it's you know that oh but we in common we think oh what comes from europe is the last but it's not that is one thing i want to share that we need to know what. we're now going to look at an animal that's particularly fascinating the sea unfortunately wild why many of them still end up in soup and other dishes but that's not the only reason why they're under threat in west africa in the cape verde islands an initiative has been founded by young people to protect endangered species but with all the enemies these peaceful animals have that's no easy task let's take a look. this is santa lucy the only desert island in cape verde off the west african coast. a local ngo called bio spira keeps an eye on the loggerhead sea
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turtles that hatch here they're studying the turtles in hopes of better protecting them but this time they're too late co-founder tommy mail-o. and his team find a turtles nest that was attacked by a ghost crab last night only the egg shells are left. so getting is from times mr brain this happens a lot ghost crabs prey on the nests that's why it's very important to make hatcheries to protect the nest but crabs are also essential and denying them that source of protein could also have negative effects scientists haven't figured this out yet is that in the north sea the ghost crabs are one problem but it's humans who are the turtles worst enemy. that includes touristic developments built near the beach and nesting areas with all their lights and noise. then there is global warming severe storms and
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rising sea level. which also harm the beach. and one of the main threats and cape bird is the incidental bycatch of sea turtles by foreign long liners especially asian and european ships. five different sea turtle species can be found in these waters it's also one of the world's largest nesting areas for loggerheads. santa lucia is a protected nature reserve and we need a special permit to visit in. the cape verdean authorities and bio spira want to preserve the region as a safe haven for the turtles. at three a.m. we head out to search for loggerheads sea turtles mainly lay their eggs at night a single nest can contain more than one hundred eggs. sea turtles are slow and awkward on land this is where they're at their most vulnerable. it's
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a special moment loggerheads nest only every two to three years it's exhausting work. once the eggs are safe under the sand the environmentalists measure the turtles and tag them with a microchip which will provide them with valuable data. that helps us understand how the turtles travel. and it gives a better idea of the degree to which they're vulnerable and how much they are under threat because. the nearby island of salvias sent to is inhabited making it harder to monitor and protect the turtles their meat and eggs are considered a traditional delicacy local household still consume them sometimes behind closed doors sometimes when they're walking on the street we can smell the scent of cooked
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turtle meat despite all the protection efforts that unfortunately still happens on . some islands for. hunting and killing sea turtles is illegal here but laws are not enough silvano roquet who is responsible for santa lewsey is nature reserve says that local authorities are raising awareness and preparing even tougher legislation. it's a difficult job because there's been a culture of hunting turtles but we have seen some progress in recent years. for example we get more anonymous reports from people telling us about illegal capture sea turtles is an ornament. that didn't happen a few years ago this is couples and. people who are caught hunting sea turtles can be fined up to eighty thousand euros. there's some promising signs back on santa lucia since twenty fourteen the biosphere organization has
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found no evidence of illegal turtle hunting on the desert island it's been a success for tommy mail-o. and his team. and. we hope you enjoy the show you want to. use please visit our website. facebook and twitter. and thank you to this edition at africa. and my name is joy from there really kenya where we were actually coming to you from the national museum of kenya until next time. yes. thank.
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