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tv   Doc Film - Five Stars for Rome - Italys Populists Reach for Power  Deutsche Welle  May 26, 2018 4:30am-5:00am CEST

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behind the scenes of bitter truth. manipulation exploitation corruption mafia style a business worth billions but just how murky is the world of sports and reality. dirty games starting june sixth t w. we are on the brink of victory. and italy's parliamentary election earlier this year the n.t. stablished and five star movement celebrated a historic success winning almost thirty three percent of the vote. it's an unconventional cause and it waged an unconventional campaign good afternoon salvatore michiel of the five star movement. five star great we're big fans.
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you know it's a highly bareness going sound bill you know they want to know what hit me but yeah they always sneered at us now they need to take notice i. am. going to who are our opponents our opponents are idiocy dishonesty and disloyalty there are moments that are going to not. grow the second of march twenty eighth seen the five star movements last rally before the fight. less than three months later the party is now poised to take over the government of italy. nine years after comedian bethink grillo and. i t.
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entrepreneurs general bad took us a ledge of founded it as a protest party. the five star movement is especially popular in southern italy like here in naples where unemployment is high and average income. neighborhood has become symbolic of italy's struggling economy rife with poverty and violence dominated by crime and the mafia. seven totemic chiller as a member of the five star movement he's already a member of parliament and nearing the end of his first term in office. his constituency the area north of naples is notorious for its problems corruption organized crime and toxic waste. the public wants environmental offenders to be held to account to parliament but because these political geniuses have not managed
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to get even one law through brings environmental offenders to book. now we finally have a law that makes them pay for their environmental transgressions with up to twenty years in prison and their thanks and by means of protection and alternative energies are among the five star movement is top priority. material has reached out to citizens initiatives that want to put an end to the problems besetting the region from the garbage crisis to mouth to control and corruption. the basis for environmental crimes is corruption. so i would be interested to know what the five star movements program for corruption prevention looks like. they
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don't know much about that have it so most people in prison aren't hardened criminals they're there for pickpocketing petty crime and so on but when it comes to economic crimes very few of those who have profited from them are behind bars she will be the guy who bothered them rigolette that you got out of the ballgame we had by that that's what she should think there's a law that says anyone convicted of your eyebrow in the public administration even if they haven't paid for the damage and even if they go to prison and pay for it i no longer have anything to do with the public administration and that's a start. i'd be a report of a missing. decades of illegal waste trafficking have destroyed the company region in southwest and italy . its citizens are tired of politicians who repeatedly promised to tackle the problem.
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the situation hasn't improved and this was the cornerstone of the five so movement's election campaign. but the person has leverage the potential of protest coaches who want to teach the established policies a lesson. sort of not hello can i give you this thank you have a nice day. matilda was visiting the markets in giuliano the largest in the province of naples. department as if they might have been a whole week since we were here hello may i five star movement thank you so. i'm not voting i have two unemployed sons at home with
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a reasonably. ok excuse me but let me tell you something going on as i'm already in parliament i for turn two hundred twenty thousand euros of my m.p.'s salary and i couldn't look at you and your sons in the eye if i was making sixteen thousand euros a month with you what does he want to know when you should see this you know. and you know anything about the basic income we're pushing for you know how it works seven hundred eighty euros for every unemployed person that these are. ok you got to win almost one of these it's not like you get seven hundred eighty euros you can twiddle your thumbs a state will train you and make you three job offers you know. what if you turn them down. after the third that's it that's the way it is throughout your only except in italy and greece we know what are you offering pensioners because if they don't but if i get four hundred forty euros a month and i was only does that i need to be increased to seventy eighty i guess europe has set seven hundred eighty euros as the poverty line at anyone below that
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is classed as poor. with this at that in the fund. the thing. we've done over the past five years. enough with politicians promises they're all charlatans we do this we do that let's try it with luigi tomorrow if we're disappointed so what the italian people are doomed anyway. the mates of jordan not italy's economically depressed self is the five star movement heartland . people here welcome its promises lower taxes for the poor an end to graft and nepotism and a basic income or pension of at least seven hundred eighty euros. the party's candidates are eager to demonstrate their solidarity with the general public they don't drive flashy cars and they do not claim. and. it's a seemingly nonhierarchical grassroots movement. but will it remain that way once
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it's in government. people struggling to make ends meet the only target. is also made promises to small and medium sized enterprises less taxation less bureaucracy. these are the issues that some autonomy cheeto is planning to focus on at his next place. tenders it takes months for results to be announced and then nothing happens for months and then you have the next one on your back and then another year goes by. we have to stay competitive. but lots of companies are struggling with that movie especially the medium sized ones but big ones too. they don't have as much work as before she. reminded me of the other problem is public administration if the
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authorities only pay me years later but i have to pay my taxes first how many companies have gone bankrupt because of that. we have but that was all a while ago. that was things have improved on the administrative front i still see the problem or a little person. who drove new end up in a situation where you have to get people off because you're not getting any more orders and these things happen overnight. but while the general public has to make financial sacrifices members of parliament still doing just fine. noble employee receives two thousand euros. a public prosecutor three thousand. and a member of parliament. why ages ago salaries
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of ordinary workers were employees disproportionate to the. ok maybe they have more expenses but the maximum should be five thousand year or so and that's not all politics also cost a lot. that's why we've waived forty two million euros of reimbursement for election campaign costs but it wasn't just our decision you know it's a lot because of the referendum when the public was asked if we wanted to cut the cost of politics and everyone voted yes. so why do politicians still take the money we started our election campaign ourselves with posters and banners and drove cars and loudspeakers through the streets our campaign didn't cost the voters a sense. of. the message of the day is strength in the italian economy. but how all of the tax relief and tax cuts
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supposed to be finest to. the party made it clear again and again during the election campaign by rejecting the e.u. so stairs he policies and liberating italy from the bureaucrats in brussels italy first debt reduction can wait. we're in europe and therefore we're entitled to so much money but we're in europe and we can meet the three percent hurdle or not we're in europe and everyone here has to go along with it well we are in italy and we need a lot of money for our medium sized companies for our domestic products and to put our economy back were used to be. critics say the appeal of the five star movement has never been put to the testing government but that's about to change. so how does the party respond to the accusation that it's just a motley crew of political amateurs winning votes with populist slogans. and.
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i believe it was a means reaching out to the people and there's nothing wrong with that it's about giving people answers for the promise of additional income of seven hundred eighty euros is a political offer to look after the public it doesn't mean that they get to stay home that means that the state will take them under its wing check them to give them work and train them. in the form of. hearing campania it's impossible to ignore the legacy of thirty years of illegal construction and health for environmental degradation and social disintegration have advanced. the coastal road north of naples the beaches are deserted this garbage everywhere and half finished construction projects nine and abandoned desolate shore. it's first ground for the five star movement.
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to move we can't take it anymore you can see the situation with your own eyes there's nothing but trash here as you well know there is no infrastructure here it's turned into a dump dot com boom you drop worked out and that's led to constant vandalism there are cars that have been broken into all over the area around largo pottery and market. people smashed the windows just to steal bags of shopping that was prevented by that so before i go to vote then i will vote for you not you personally gets the movement i'm voting for because this is about italy and i believe in it but as a mother in the citizen i have to ask you what can i do to help you you're just joining us but again a moment that it didn't get and still i'm asking you because so i don't need to
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leave this country because what should we citizens do that they're mad about. the atmosphere the meeting is marred by mistrust in the political establishment. salvatore mitchell oh sees that as an opportunity. but his policies potential is also its greatest handicap it's only experience has been in opposition. so far his party hasn't had to keep any of the promises it's made on a national level. remember to put only a cross in the box don't write anything else although i understand the temptation of leave comments about certain politicians. so they're popular in rome much the second. people from all over the issue have traveled to the capitol
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to hear the closing speech by luigi demaio leader of the fund sound movement. as a. candidate for the office of prime minister in what many call the republic the new iraq to twenty years of telescope nice government mocked by the decline of the big mainstream posses. yes no lopez he didn't mean yes you do was any better. if you do not correspond soon it. will. be so many to know encountered in. a movie that he was on notice that only that at least the school did vote on something to let him achieve those among the crowd with just two days to go before the elections forty percent of italians haven't yet decided who they want to vote full. force
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here on the recommendation and i'm happy you're already you know not that i'm going to know that yet but you have to vote for me on sunday so you know what i need to love you know decide the time the jordan exits and i don't want your money seven thirty incredible days of the it's been a bumpy ride but you can see how close we are to the people. we went to people's homes to introduce ourselves to television and media create too much distance. we see politics as a kind of service to the citizen informants and after two terms in office if you go back to doing what you did before study your work. should be a good double game and i believe that you should only be in politics for a limited period before returning to real life. you also have to reap the fruits of your political life and if you don't reap anything it means you haven't done anything so you thought me a do for doing something so if you go on about this one it will. even a little bummed out the people of the five star movement are paid to say what they
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think and for doing what they promise to do. if they don't do it they should be sentenced to death just like in france in the past off with their heads thank god another is. someone who knows what it's like to be in power is five star politician virginia actually the mayor of rome since twenty six dealing with. a lawyer and a single mother her appointment was a political sensation finally they said a politician untainted by corruption. but two years later her popularity is in freefall. and she's failed to get to grips with the city's problems especially the traffic and garbage. and the scandals have piled up.
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and so far i year and a half ago i successfully counted him to conquer the capital and assume the mayor's office in rome and we will continue along this path and we must follow it to the end and do you know how by leading the country ligi demining by going there. you guys are great. good evening everyone. your own boss so i can't say for sure yet. but i just got a result i don't have an opinion poll. was the baby but what i can tell you is that we are on the verge of victory was the was. the. the us was not yeah it was in the past few months to me so you've given all you've
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got. about eight hundred ten thousand euros in donation he said that's an average forty three year old for head off i don't think which is one reason why we are so strong for people to run we don't take money from lobbyists. we finance ourselves with money from people who believe in us and that is precisely why we have become the country's greatest political force when i was. young italians in particular i believe five star politicians are more honest than silvio berlusconi and the candidates of the old established parties. the five star movement also unites voices from the left and right well i know you just go if you're working on a law about employment contracts you have to ask yourself what will become of getting people young people who have precarious contracts. a third of temporary contracts in italy are howling for just one day no question and they dare to claim
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that employment rates among young people are improving so what you know they're not my last young people are going abroad not so they disappear from unemployment statistics actually and then they brag about these numbers. i am. ok with it they are less kone and dead benedetti have promised to leave the country and are already looking for cheap flights on the internet not on the highway i. who knew. they would feel so good to cancel their lifetime pension scheme this country is so hypocritical i am so. in italy when we say damn heartless kone paid off the cosa nostra and some people get upset at us just for saying it it's going to be somebody. i mean it was you know it's not what you know study of it's eyes you know do we really believe that our opponents today are both. you
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they're gone. now there's just the italian public and we need to keep our chins up and united again. we have to take back our rights i know that you know they don't just fall out of the sky get them back one by one. they took our rights and fabius off with what we know any methadone anesthesia what do they want the public to be unconscious. i have the honor to give you the person that made it all possible he said he wrote to me. that day i am here that had. been there for grillo one of the co-founders of the party the crowd gets in the retrospect section. and they said that the days when people shouted to hell with you are over but listen here maybe they are over but our right to shout
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because when there was silence here when nobody was saying anything we were shouting we never gave up our right to yell you know no you know we'll keep on yelling to hell with you maybe not quite as loud maybe it will be a smaller our own pocket sized to hell with you you know when that you stick to the fridge like a magnet a little to hell with you sticker for your car got me but never forget your first to hell with you. and it. was. that they grillo has never run for public office i don't know but i guess i'm going to check . here just ducky current because he has a criminal because it's not one of them go. in one thousand and eighty one he caused a traffic accident in which three people died. when i was convicted of involuntary manslaughter.
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think how wonderful it would be if the public could take part in a referendum every week from home the movement could dissolve. biodegradable movement and all molecules will be passed on to future generations of. our grandchildren will breathe clean air containing a molecule of him and a molecule of me. when i want. to buy. five stocks crystal they believe in equality for. the movement sees itself as a post i did article grass roots democratic force. that can and and his system posse that's despite all its euphoria and passion lacks political know how really government a country. this means that even december limits experience is an individual matter but it was always when you suddenly find yourself in the chamber of deputies you're
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going to have difficulties at the beginning but then you get used to it you learn you realize that the others are no better than you are on the contrary i was elected at the age of thirty three and at thirty five i passed my first law against environmental offenders all you need to realize your ideas is passion heart and soul. the first exit polls show that the five star movement has won big with almost thirty three percent of the votes its really strongest party. but even though it's a kid around eleven million votes it didn't get enough to form a government. to actually take power the party needs a coalition partner. but ten weeks after the election just as many were giving up hope it finally felt. it in his new government is an alliance of the five star
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movement and the far right link. server to an image chiller one fifty eight percent of the votes cast in his constituency a huge success. but what course will the country announced in. both chambers still and leg are in favor of the basic income and a uniform rate of tax and both are critical of europe and want to oppose the financial dictates of the in. the alliance incidentally was made possible by silvio berlusconi himself. has fought it earlier party had joined forces with legs. in the end he unexpectedly agree not to stand in the way of the tie up with the five star. so now the face of the third largest economy in the eurozone is in the hands of a populist protest movements and the party of the far right.
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