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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  February 1, 2019 5:00pm-5:31pm CET

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just this is about the true. truth detectives starts feb fifteenth on w. . this is the w. news live from berlin it is the cold war poised for a very play. the united states will therefore suspend its obligations to the idea of treaties affected february second. the u.s. says that it will pull out of a key nuclear disarmament pact in six months if russia does not stop violating and we'll have updates from washington and moscow also coming up to do it to bank having struggled in frankfurt's finance sector is posting an annual profit for the
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first time in years is it enough to stave off a merger with a rival lender and. israel gears up to host this year's euro vision song contest but the event is already in line in controversy. i'm sorry kelly welcome to the program the u.s. says that it will withdraw from a key arms control treaty secretary of state my pump aoe announced that the u.s. will suspend its compliance with the intermediate range nuclear forces treaty with russia tomorrow that saturday and withdraw from the accord completely within six months if moscow does not and alleged violations of the pact now the u.s. and the soviet union side the i.n.f. treaty back in one thousand nine hundred seven now the u.s.
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says that a new generation of russian cruise missiles breaches the terms of that pact and here's what u.s. secretary of state my pump aoe said a short while ago. russia's violation puts millions of europeans and americans a greater risk to put the united states at a military disadvantage and undercuts the chances of moving our bow out a relationship in a better direction it's our duty to respond appropriately when in agreement so brazenly disregarded or secured only is so openly threatened we must respond of the more now on that announcement we are joined by our very own alexander phenomena who is standing by in washington d.c. so let's talk a little bit more about that alexander because you know we heard that the u.s. will exit the treaty in six months according to the plan is there room to salvage the deal in the meantime now it's really it is true that secretary pompeo said today that the u.s. is hopeful that russia will return into compliance with this treaty and is willing
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to continue talks with the russians however we have to say that it's very likely that and then agreement can be found within this short period of time for two reasons first of all the u.s. has been complaining about russian style ation of this treaty for years now and the trump administration has recently tries to increase the pressure on russia with a mix of diplomacy and sanctions but nothing happens so it is rather unlikely that russia is going to change its behavior and the second reason is that we have to consider who is now the u.s. national security adviser is john bolton who is known for his skepticism and criticism of the nuclear arms control treaties and at the moment he seems to have the president's ear and we're seeing that hawkish approach to policy playing out
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pump aylwin time saying that russia is missile program that it puts millions of europeans at risk what is moscow's capacity according to washington. well we're talking here about one particular missile system it's nine am seven to nine and according to western officials russia has been accused of having deployed four battalions equipped with this missile system so it's quite a number although it russia is said to have nearly a hundred of these missiles and this is why the u.s. is now seeing russia is not complying with this treaty why should we be the only ones bound by this treaty the other thing we have to add here is china of course a senior administration official told us today that you asked believes that china has thousands of these missiles and china is of course not restricted old by any
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treaty now alexander phenomena in washington thank you. well let's take a closer look now at the i.n.f. treaty u.s. president ronald reagan and soviet leader mikhail gorbachev signed it back in one thousand nine hundred seven with the goal of eliminating a whole category of nuclear missiles the treaty was harold is heralded as a move to help wind down the cold war now its breakdown sparks fears of a new arms race. this is the russian cruise missile on that the u.s. says by late said joint on this treaty the s.s.e. eight is said to have a range of more than five hundred kilometers which would break the i.n.f. treaty just last week parts of the system are on your public display near moscow u.s. president donald trump has been threatening to pull out of the pact since the end of last year. russia has not heard orchard way out of the agreement so we're going
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to terminate agree but we're going to pull out the u.s. lead on his control negotiate a has told g.w. that the government is using the move to force russia's hand and we will suspend it and then a six month clock runs if you will during that time russia still can get back into compliance but it frees our obligations under the treaty so we suspend our obligations with the intent to withdraw if we don't get back in compliance but we have provided by the treaty for the entire time and by suspending their obligations that we'll be able to do the research and development of similar systems that russia now has fully fueled and in the field. which russian president vladimir putin has tonight breaking the agreement and wouldn't budge. it wasn't a historic moment when in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven russian president mikhail gorbachev and u.s. president ronald reagan signed the i.n.f. treaty it marked
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a change of cools off to decades of nuclear tensions during the cold war years. the treaty banjul brown. don't do much to miss i was with ranges of between five hundred and five and a half thousand kilometers those who felt most at risk during the cold war were countries across europe. but even germany's foreign minister heiko must recently held talks with america's secretary of state mike pompei if it meets the treaty it's no longer a working. order going on and without the nuclear missile treaty there would be less security but we recognize that this treaty has been violated by the russian side and that during the last sixty days unsuccessful attempts have been made to clear up the accusations for more transparency and more information. in so far as this is a treaty between two signatories and that one is in violation of it the treaty is de facto suspended. all star craft because the. pressure is mounting on
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russia to save the treaty but for now it appears to be dead. we are joined from moscow by defense analyst and howard and you know problems we heard there washington saying that these new missiles on the russian side that these cruise missiles they put millions of european lives at risk is that accurate. well the possibility of a no european war is there and it appeared somewhere maybe in fourteen that the east and the possibility is actually growing without the eye and therefore it will be worse but i would not believe the strategic were worse the possibility grows but it's still a possibility there these missiles are of course an additional danger but the russian already had similar missiles deployed gunships on bombers so it doesn't
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dramatically immediate we change the situation but tell us i mean how i mean certainly it will impact the dynamics because i mean russia has repeatedly unveiled new missiles so if the treaty is indeed dead. what do you anticipate can we see moscow excel orating its arm program arms program ever faster because that's what people are really worried about here a new arms race. again a new arms race is possible but it will take time to take up momentum russia has the possibility to deploy long range cruise the same or less cruise that they have on ships can be deployed or basically trucks on the land want yours and that's maybe ten twenty times cheaper to buy a truck than to buy a frigate and to maintain a truck than a frigate but the united states right now does not have anything to deploy on land
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for the coming server rose years so that means an arms race as in the eighty's when both sides deployed on land right now immediate we will not happen but it may happen in the coming years that's true or ok so at least in the short term a bit of hope there but i mean what do you see you know if we're looking at this proactively what do you see as the kremlin's to achieve jake aim here and do you see any room to get it to reconsider expanding its arms program in the way that it has done and in the way that the united states has criticized it for doing it again russian official documents at least that part of them that somehow known say in that these decisions were made that you're in thirteen fourteen that the threat of war is growing russia could be attacked from all sides by enemies and we're building in norma's perimeter defense. spending lots of money up through young
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dollars on rearmament preparing for the pot very high probability of a war happening in the twenty's and that is the russian strategic assessment of the threat and right now i don't see how it can be dramatically changed by any kind of negotiation was part of a larger strategy defense analyst public felgenhauer in moscow thank you so much for joining us to share your expertise. and here in germany the end of the i.n.f. treaty reawakens memories of the cold war nuclear standoff germany was still divided between the soviet occupied east and the allied occupied west back in one nine hundred eighty seven that pull put both countries on the frontline of the arms race speaking after today's u.s. announcement chancellor angela merkel said that a window of dialogue with russia should stay open to insist. it's clear to us that russia has violated this treaty and that's why we need to speak to russia from the
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german side the foreign minister and i will do everything we can to enable discussions within these six months. she wants to keep the dialogue open but recall that back in the one nine hundred eighty s. nuclear missiles they were stationed in the communist east by the soviet union in the occupied west by the united states it left many here fearful of nuclear war hundreds of thousands of west germans protested against the deployment of nuclear weapons in their country and. travel to the southern city of how brown where american medium range missiles were one station two here in this clearing in southern germany american nuclear missiles were stationed during the one nine hundred eighty s. the only building left of what used to be the u.s. army vaulted to base this barrack number nine zero one american soldier larry nichols was stationed here in the eighty's when one of the worst situations imaginable actually occurred on january eleventh one thousand nine hundred five
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a person two missile exploded one thought it was a nuclear explosion it was a shocker i mean we're talking about a nuclear weapon carrier or rocket motor. for something like that happened here at the height of the cold war. the whole world was alarmed. three u.s. soldiers died sixteen were seriously wounded nichols created the memorial in their honor he never got over his fear of nuclear weapons. you didn't know exactly what was going to happen but you knew what you had and what you were capable of doing. and that was frightening yes. it was only after this accident that the people of had gone were informed that nuclear missiles were stationed directly in their vicinity it took another three years for the missiles to be removed after the i n f a treaty was agreed on the title was the first base
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in germany to remove and destroy its nuclear missiles is a dish title knows the story from her parents and from her high school classes she's a member of the local green party and actively involved in protests against nuclear armament we have as recently i'm terrified by this i think that there's nothing more important than keeping world peace in particular that no nuclear weapons are employed also that as he countries as possible have nuclear weapons so that accidents are less likely to happen. she meets larry nichols the former soldier. both worry that history could repeat itself. from greyhound has said that he wants to back out of the nuclear missile treaty what's your opinion on this. new u.s. missiles nichols is unsure how he feels about that america america is in a very very difficult situation at the moment and my opinion is that everyone's
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sort of with. in the one nine hundred eighty s. there were massive demonstrations against u.s. missiles across germany including here and. these additional data would attend the protest march if there were one today. she would often i would definitely go out and demonstrate it's very important to me that peace remains our top priority i would definitely go out and join a protest for this cause back at the form of all tied to base the old u.s. soldier and the young pacifist share the same fear that the arms race between russia and the u.s. will start up again and no one will have learned from the mistakes of the past well now let's get a quick check of some other stories that have been making news around the world another democrat has announced his candidacy for next year's u.s. presidential election cory booker is a u.s. senator from new jersey before that he was the mayor of the city of newark and he joins a rapidly growing crowd of candidates seeking the democratic party's nomination.
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brazilian authorities fear that last week's collapse of a mining dam may have polluted the nearby south francisco river tests show that the presence of metals in the water has spiked to unhealthy levels since the disaster one hundred ten people have been confirmed dead nearly two hundred forty are missing. and germany's largest lender deutsche bank has reported a profit for last year it's the first time that the bank has been in the black since two thousand and fourteen according to its own numbers start bank made around three hundred forty million euros in profits that's likely lower than analysts expectations. it's the first results for deletions new c.e.o. christiane's saving and unfortunately for saving the troubled land isn't out of the woods yet the fourth quarter was a rocky one but despite the violence. ended the year with a tidy profit of three hundred forty one million euros
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a solid step forward after its seven hundred thirty million euro loss in twenty seventeen. do you look in to convince when it's our turn to profit demonstrates that deutsche bank is on the right path now we need to take the next step will continue to cut costs in twenty nineteen and invest in growth like it invokes to invest here. but it's hard to see where that growth will come from deutsche is facing weakness in its traditional bull walks of investment banking and wealth and bond management. and germany's biggest lender still seems to dancing from one scandal to the next last autumn deutsche is offices were raided as part of a money laundering investigation and is facing renewed scrutiny in the u.s. over its business dealings with president donald trump. maybe that's why dogshit boss saving didn't comment on profit projections for this year or on a possible merger with germany's second largest bank comet's bank.
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of football's agent cup has come to a close with could target being crowned the new continental champions after they beat japan in the final and only one talking from to the u.s. force is here to fill us in on all the action in the league i mean they were never in the final before qatar how did they take the title so the qatar was a no one's radar pretty turn i meant and. you never expected them to be in the final yet alone the need one of the tournaments favorites japan by a score line off three to one but this is football this says this is the stuff that dreams are made off the top get their fairy tale ending the asian cup champions for the first time ever they be powerhouses south korea and japan and qatar only conceded one goal all tournaments and you know the saying it's the fence that wins the championship which does hold true for qatar but at the same time it was the attacking flair that we really caught the imagination of a lot of heads and let's also mention both fact
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a bit because at the last asian cup qatar lost all three of the games so they really they've set the stage. for qatar twenty twenty two when they'll be hosting the world cup i mean you mentioned the office we have to talk about. this was the first goal really stunning he was really the star he stole the limelight he's twenty two years old and his goal in the twelfth minute set the tone for the final i mean it was an acrobatic overhead kick it was a beauty it's like oh my jaw dropped by this is a beautiful gold and he's also the tournaments top goal scorers so he has nine goals and he breaks the previous record of eight goals that was set in one nine hundred ninety six and i'm telling you this is one of the best goals at the asian cup and it will be remembered for ages you see this in those those top ten best goals of the year something countdowns i'm sure of it good for him out of how would you rate the success overall of the tournament i think it was a very decent turn amend we had changed the format so it expanded from the usual
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sixteen teams to twenty four and that of course is a lot more inclusive but one had to have favorites like defending champions australia south korea japan disappoint to some degree but at the same time it allowed countries like the expanded format like the philippines vietnam thailand to who usually struggle to qualify to be given to be allowed to participate so it's it's a many men ok so good the action for us that we were talking as always thanks. well israel is gearing up to host this year's euro vision song contest in may but there's already bitter discord months in advance to appease the critics israel moved the location from the contested city of jerusalem to tell of a if but that doesn't seem to be enough what's meant to be a celebration of music to bring nations together is now threatening to become the opposite. kramer reports.
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from that israel's eurovision song contest last year in lisp she was the public's favorite with an unusual outfit and distinctive song toy it changed her life as a musician. one hundred eighty degrees different i was a blues artist singing and basements and i did my looper stuff at home whoever had who i wouldn't have imagined in in twelve months. to become this perfect everyone is where the right to host this year's contest for the first time in twenty years is. in may funds from all over the world are expected to come here to tel aviv where the song contest is being held but despite the end of the us and they have been cause to boycott the events hosting the grand finale in tel aviv rather than in jerusalem
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a city with internationally contested status has deflected some of the controversy several international artists and celebrities have started petitions to stay away from the event accusing israel of piloting palestinian human rights and its military occupation a lot of people demonstrated in all sorts of countries weighed in and england and ireland against sending some singers to israel to the show and no one canceled which is surprising having said that we have three months to go i'm pretty sure it's going to be loud very loud i mean a lot of demonstrations letters experience criticism herself on social media and on stage but she prefers to focus on her music and has just released his second single .
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let's get more on this we're joined by did a reporter all the while sucker who has been following the controversy around europe vision in israel and he joins us here in the studio so tell us more about this boycott this all started on tuesday when an open letter was published on the guardian where people are calling for the british public broadcaster the b.b.c. to boycott your vision and to have it moved to another country. which has been signed by more than fifty. the british cultural personalities think through fashion design the vivienne westwood musicians like peter gabriel roger waters you might know from pink floyd we have film directors like mike leigh and ken loach you know some quite respected and treasured artists who have signed this letter now for some context in most countries that participate in the universe and some contests they will have like
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a national competition beforehand to pick pick the out as that goes on to the main event in the u.k. that's competition is called you decide now it in there. they use that name to get the political message through so they write to the b.b.c. should consider that you decide it's not a principle extended to the palestinians who cannot decide to remove israel's military occupation and live free of apartheid even palestinians with israeli citizenship were told in the nation state law passed last year that only jews have the right to self-determination so you can see us with you know any sort of that has to do with israel and the palestinians there you know their arguments on both sides so the boycott i mean really has some teeth to it as you've illustrated there what has the reaction to this letter been so far for the b.b.c. themselves they have published a statement saying your vision song contest is not a political event and does not endorse any political message or campaign the
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competition has always supported the values of friendship inclusion tolerance and diversity and we and we do not believe it would be appropriate to use the b.b.c.'s participation for political reasons now we've also found some reactions and social media scottish writer duncan hall has a soul he highlights that this was not the first country with a dubious human rights record hosting your vision he asks can anyone remember whether michael lee peter gabriel vivienne westwood to roger waters is that urge the b.b.c. to boycott your vision when it was held in famously human rights friendly russia. we also have. a who's a palestinian legislator and scholar she writes the israeli occupation. is nothing to sing about what we salute and we salute the courage and integrity of all artists who do not want to be complicit in israeli crimes. and yes you know
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many sides of that argument absolutely i mean of course you know a conflict which is ongoing and we see it play playing out here this isn't the first time that musicians have boycotted israel it's not you know for many years there's this movement called the boycott divestment and sanctions known as b.d.s. you know they've been calling for a cultural boycott of israel for for years now some of that in that now that you know their target has become your vision and you know this is similar to a cultural boycotts of south africa under apartheid. and there are several high profile artists who have canceled their concerts in recent years we have a lot of them for a lord to stand on north hill you know other other thing is you know don't don't supported newquay famously a couple of years back. so no we'll have to see what comes of this boycotts or this call for a boycott rather the. t.v.
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show is friday i think barry's i will have to wait and thank you so much for filling us in that thank you for. so you're watching news from berlin don't forget you can always get all the latest news information around the clock on our website that is that dot com coming up in just a few minutes in t.w. news asia i'm sorry kelly thanks for watching.
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the game. would. be the best ready for something new d.w. news asia bringing you stories from across the region stories that ship all join us for the new show wus a show. we present bureau but its most fascinating
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learn with him. its simple mind on your mobile and free. learning course. german maybe. this is the. coming up in the program budgets for the election season india as hindu nationalist government destroying. the middle class but with this pay off. from. plus the rush is on four hundred million chinese are crisscrossing the country to make it home. we'll find out what it's like to be the world's biggest human migration. and it's goodbye again we look at the vietnamese.


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