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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  February 1, 2019 6:00pm-6:31pm CET

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this is the w. news live from berlin is the cold war poised for a replay. the united states will therefore suspend its obligations under the idea of treaty affected february second. the u.s. says that it will pull out of a key nuclear just don't really impact in six months if russia does not stop violating it will have an update from washington also coming up germany's biggest lender deutsche bank posts an annual profit for the first time in years but is it
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enough to stave off a merger with his rival lender and the big rush is on as millions of chinese have trained to celebrate the do their new year with their families our reporter joint humanity to get back to you well my british. i'm sorry kelly welcome the u.s. says that it will withdraw from a key arms control treaty secretary of state mike pompei o announced the u.s. will suspend its compliance with the intermediate range nuclear forces treaty with russia tomorrow saturday and withdraw from the accord in six months of moscow does not and alleged violations of the pact now the u.s. and the soviet union signed the i.n.f. treaty back in one thousand nine hundred seven now the u.s. says that a new generation of russian cruise missiles breaches the terms of that pact. here's
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what the u.s. secretary of state had to say a short while ago. russia's violation puts millions of europeans and americans a greater risk it aims to put the united states at a military disadvantage and it undercuts the chances of moving our bilateral relationship in a better direction. it's our duty to respond appropriately when an agreement is so brazenly disregarded and our security is so openly threatened we must respond let's get more now on that announcement we are joined by our very own alexander phenomena who is standing by in washington d.c. so let's talk a little bit more about that alexander because you know we heard that the u.s. will exit the train the in six months according to that plan is there room to salvage the deal in the meantime. not really it is true that secretary pompeo said today that the u.s. is hopeful that russia will return into compliance with this treaty and there is willing to continue talks with the russians however we have to say that it's very
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likely that and then agreement can be found within this short period of time for two reasons first of all the u.s. has been complaining about russia's slow lation of this treaty for years now and the trump administration has recently tries to increase the pressure on russia with a mix of diplomacy and sanctions but nothing happens so it is unlikely that russia is going to change its behavior and the second reason is that we have to consider who is now the u.s. national security adviser is john bolton who is known for his skepticism and criticism of the nuclear arms control treaties and at the moment he seems to have the president's ear and we're seeing that hawkish approach to policy playing out pump aylwin time saying that russia's missile program that it puts millions of europeans at risk what is moscow's capacity according to washington.
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well we're talking here about one particular missile system it's nine and seven to nine and according to western officials russia has been accused of having deployed four battalions equipped with this missile system so it's quite a number all in the know it russia is said to have nearly a hundred of these missiles and this is why the u.s. is now seeing russia is not complying with this treaty why should we be the only ones bones by this treaty the other thing we have to add here is china of course a senior administration official told us today that you asked to believe that china has thousands of these missiles and china is of course not restricted old by any treaty now alexandra phenomena in washington thank you. and let's take
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a closer look at the i.n.f. treaty now u.s. president ronald reagan and soviet leader mikhail gorbachev signed it back in one nine hundred eighty seven with the goal of eliminating a whole category of nuclear missiles the treaty was heralded as a key move to help wind down the cold war now its breakdown sparks fears of a new arms race. this is the russian cruise missile that the u.s. says by late said joint on's treaty the s.s.c. eighty said to have a range of more than five hundred kilometers which would break the i.n.f. treaty just last week parts of the system are on display near moscow u.s. president donald trump has been threatening to pull out of the pact since the end of last year. russia is not one orchard way under the agreement so we're going to terminate the river and we're going to pull out the u.s. lead on his control negotiate a has told g.w.
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that the government is using the move to force russia's hand and we will suspend it and then a six month clock runs if you will during that time russia still can get back into compliance but it frees our obligations under the treaty so we suspend their obligations with the intent to withdraw if they don't get back in compliance but we have abided by the treaty for the entire time and by suspending their obligations that we'll be able to do the research and development of similar systems that rationale has fully fueled it and in the field. which russian president vladimir putin has tonight breaking the agreement and won't budge. it was an historic moment when in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven russian president mikhail gorbachev and u.s. president ronald reagan signed the i.n.f. treaty it marked a change of course off to decades of nuclear tensions during the cold war years. the treaty pantaloon brown deal. miss i was with ranges of between five hundred and
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five and a half thousand kilometers those who felt most at risk during the cold war were countries across europe. but even germany's foreign minister heiko must recently held talks with america's secretary of state's mike pompei if it meets the treaty is no longer working. order going on or without the nuclear missile treaty there would be less security but we recognize that this treaty has been violated by the russian side and during the last sixty days unsuccessful attempts have been made to clear up the accusations for more transparency and more information. in so far as this is a treaty between two signatories and that one is in violation of it the treaty is de facto suspended. all star craft because that. pressure is mounting on russia to save the treaty but for now it appears to be dead.
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and here in europe the end of the i.n.f. treaty real wakens memories of the cold war nuclear standoff the continent was still divided between the soviet occupied east and the nato alliance in the west speaking after today's u.s. announcement chancellor angela merkel said that a window of dialogue with russia should stay open through this club and it's clear to us that russia has violated this treaty and that's why we need to speak to russia from the german side the foreign minister and i will do everything we can to enable to scotians within these six months let's get more now on the e.u. reaction to this u.s. decision to pull out we're crossing over now to bucharest romania where correspondent our vessel has been covering e.u. foreign ministers meeting barbara welcome to you we just heard from the german chancellor is she reflecting a common e.u. position on the u.s. decision to pull out of the i.m.f.
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treaty. largely yes because there is dismay of course all over europe was pretty much all european governments that this treaty now is coming to an end even though everybody appeals to the two partners to still in gauge within the six month window that is left open to the beginning of august but nobody really holds their breasts that this is going to happen but if you sort of take the next step and look at what comes behind that then directions very somewhat because the consequences from this are that you have particularly the baltic states and countries like poland feel acutely stressed and and they say that they don't say it but they don't expect that there might be a new stationing off american messias on there so they would greet this however on the other side in western europe it discussion as we had in the cold war about
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three argument about the stationing of american missile was on german french or spanish soil ward so certainly sort of be really is divisive and sort of would really bring people back out into the streets so nobody wants return to that time everywhere you refer to it we don't want to go back to the cold war yeah i mean that is the big fear right the fear of a new arms race is that something that you're also hearing reflected there. it was all over the place today here into crist's pretty much every minister who sort of stepped out of the door and commented on the end of the looming end of the n f treaty said we are going to be the victims this was the main pillar of european security architecture and it is now falling away and it is being replaced by nothing it is being replaced probably by a new arms race and europe is sort of the bystander hopeless and helpless and can't
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really sort of do anything against this and is watching this really in fear and was trepidation so that was that's the main emotion if you look at the reactions of ministers here in bucharest and we've heard that many want to save this treaty so let's talk about what's being done proactively what are european powers doing to make that happen. i mean the have been some attempts if you look for instance the two german foreign minister heikal mass he did travel to moscow he did try to talk to sergey lavrov the russian foreign minister and but the reaction was sort of cool we know lover of i mean you've been in the business for decades and he has a particularly sort of. cold smile if he doesn't want to engage through something and somebody and so he. really got sort of the cold shoulder in russia he traveled to washington as we heard he talked to the american administration but he didn't
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really find any open ears there either so the attempts they are making more less bound to fail and they know this barbara vessel with the view from back in your foreign ministers meeting in bucharest thanks barbara. meantime here in germany nuclear disarmament has long been one of the top issues for many people back in the one nine hundred eighty s. nuclear missiles were stationed in the communist east by the soviet union and in allied occupied west germany by the united states it left many here fearful of nuclear war hundreds of thousands of west germans protested against the deployment of nuclear weapons in their country and in funda mark travelled to the southern city of hebron where american medium range missiles were once stationed here in this clearing in southern germany american nuclear missiles were stationed during the one nine hundred eighty s. the only building left of what used to be the u.s. army vall tied to base this barrack number nine zero one american soldier larry
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nichols was stationed here in the eighty's when one of the worst situations imaginable actually occurred on january eleventh one thousand nine hundred five a person two missile exploded one thought it was a nuclear explosion it was a shocker i mean we're talking about a nuclear weapon carrier or rocket motor and for something like that happened here at the height of the cold war. the whole world was alarmed three u.s. soldiers died sixteen were seriously wounded because created the memorial in their honor he never got over his fear of nuclear weapons. you didn't know exactly what was going to happen but you knew what you had and what you were capable of doing. and that was frightening you know. it was only after this accident that the people of had been were informed that nuclear missiles were
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stationed directly in their vicinity it took another three years for the missiles to be removed after the i n f a treaty was agreed on the title was the first base in germany to remove and destroy its nuclear missiles he's a bishop knows the story from her parents and from her high school classes she's a member of the local green party and actively involved in protests against nuclear armament we have as recently i'm terrified by this i think that there's nothing more important than keeping world peace in particular that no nuclear weapons are employed also that as he countries as possible have nuclear weapons so that accidents are less likely to happen. she meets larry nichols the former soldier. both worry that history could repeat itself. has said that he wants to back out of the nuclear missile treaty what's your opinion on this. new u.s.
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missiles nichols is unsure how he feels about that america america in a very very difficult situation at the moment and my opinion is that this is everyone. in the one nine hundred eighty s. there were massive demonstrations against u.s. missiles across germany including here and. these additional would attend the protest march if there were one today to rid off here i would definitely go out and demonstrate it's very important to me that peace remains our top priority i would definitely go out and join a protest for this cause back at the form of all tied to base the old u.s. soldier and the young pacifist share the same fear that the arms race between russia and the u.s. will start up again and no one will have learned from the mistakes of the past. well germany's largest lender deutsche bank has reported a profit for the last fiscal year it is the first time that the bank has been in
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the black since twenty fourteen according to its own numbers deutsche bank made around three hundred forty million euros of profits slightly lower than analysts expectations. it's the first results for delicious new c.e.o. christians saving and unfortunately for saving the troubled lender isn't out of the woods yet a fourth quarter was a rocky one but despite the turbulence dosha ended the year with a tidy profit of three hundred forty one million euro's a solid step forward after its seven hundred thirty million euro loss in twenty seventeen do you look in to give instalments a return to profit demonstrates that deutsche bank is on the right path now we need to take the next step will continue to cut costs in twenty nineteen and invest in growth like it invokes to invest here. but it's hard to see where that growth will come from is facing weakness in its traditional bull walks of investment banking and wealth and bond management. germany's biggest lender still
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seems to dancing from one scandal to the next last autumn voyages offices were raided as part of a money laundering investigation and is facing renewed scrutiny in the u.s. over its business dealings with president donald trump. maybe that's why don't we should both saving didn't comment on profit projections for this year or on a possible merger with germany's second largest bank comix bank. well what happens when development and growth are concentrated in cities and not in the countryside in ethiopia rapid urbanization is especially visible in the capital obvious. now the city has seen an influx of more than two million people in the past twenty years its side is almost doubling to over four million. but jobs creation and construction of schools and housing have not kept pace the results many children are forced to live in the streets did abused by the chart
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reports. the youngest children are not even six years old this boy is begging for anything just to survive he sniffing glue it beats the pain of hunger a common sight in the capital's main square. they try to escape poverty in the countryside or problems within their families but very often these children are somebody's parents to be able hoping they may find a job and become a source of income ever being here on their own young and vulnerable they face new difficulties the last official survey put their numbers in the capital at twelve thousand but that was almost a decade ago many n.g.o.s believe today's figures are much higher one of them retrack provides temporary housing for street children this place is just for girls . last year retraction altered more than five hundred children and adults here when
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they have a chance to be children again. this fourteen year old girl arrived a couple of weeks ago. there's no internet my family promised i'd be able to go to school but instead i had to work. she says she was twelve when she ended up as a domestic helper working fifteen hours a day and subjected to abuse after two years she flight such stories are all too common according to a minute to dare say a social worker she helps these children cope with their trauma we increase them to feel safe and protected and most of them came here having or passing through different use of situations so in order to mitigate this abusive situations we learn and we believe that. stations or it is programs to help them to become a normal person retracts main goal is to reunite children with their families and
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parents awareness child labor is illegal without much government assistance however there's very little small charities can do to provide long term support. these boys found work shining shoes they call to earn their own living. i'd like to quit this work as a shoeshine or go to school and live a better life but it's not easy to get out of the situation so this is my life for now that one day i want something better that's my dream. as a mother night falls in this rapidly growing city no one knows how many thousands of children will be sleeping in this streets one of the challenges facing the government is to get a fresh count. now it is called the world's biggest annual human migration more than four hundred million chinese are on the move heading home for ringing in the
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new lunar new year this time it falls on the fifth of february and those away from their families are crisscrossing china hoping to make it in time to ring in the year of the pig with their loved ones it is the numbers that define the sheer scale of this event check this out because three billion trips by rail road in air are expected to boost the rail services ten new railway lines have been opened. at the end of last year to deal with this rush hour reporter mikhail stuff where he basically boarded the train from beijing to da tong to experience the new year rush firsthand have a look. it's the start of a long journey home all these people are hoping to board train k six one seven headed west to lou new years sees millions leaving beijing for the provinces. inside the trains are over crowded not everyone has a reserve ation forcing some passengers to get creative.
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personnel has secured a seat the twenty five year old engineering students going home to see his parents will be the first on the scene in the new year. spring festival for the chinese is like christmas for westerners it is a holy day and everyone reunites with their families so it's really important for us. like many chinese. family once a year parents and children often live far apart and travel expenses are high. and it's no short journey outside the. inside these girls are killing time but they're in high spirits. now they're heading home. we want to have fun the last thing i'll do is my math homework.
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everyone a happy new year. and then it's time for lunch apart from singing and eating there isn't that much to do. in the. well for some it's a chance to catch up on lost sleep. gifts are big part of the new year ritual. is bringing something for the kitchen. after six hours on the train reaches his destination and is ready for the fist of it is to begin with he's looking forward to the food and fireworks the year of the pig brings with it plenty to celebrate. i'm very happy and excited to finally i'm with my family i really missed them and gone home is always the warmest always on earth
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for me not i'm going to wincing. at home he's dead he's waiting for this so you know the journey is over but millions of others a still on the road and looking forward to a fist of time with their families. if you didn't have pals come to a close with could tarp being crowned the new continentals happy as after they beat japan in the final and only one talking from to the use force is here to fill us in on all the action in the league i mean they were never in the final before qatar how did they take the title so the qatar was a no one's radar pretty turn i meant and. you never expected them to be in the final yet alone the to one of the tournaments favorites japan by a scoreline of three to one but this is football this was this is the stuff that dreams are made off the top get their fairytale ending that asian cup champions for the first time ever they be powerhouses south korea and japan and qatar only
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conceded one goal all tournaments and you know the saying it's the fence that wins two championships which does hold true for khatab but at the same time it was the attacking flair that really caught the imagination of a lot of fans and let's also mention the growth factor a bit because at the last asian cup qatar lost all three of the games so they really they've set the stage for qatar twenty twenty two when they'll be hosting the world cup and you mentioned the office we have to talk about i. mean this was the first goal really stunning he was really the star and i mean he stole the limelight. and he's twenty two years old and his goal in the twelve minute set the tone for the final i mean it was an acrobatic overhead kick it was a beauty it's like oh my god drop by there's a beautiful gold and he's also the tournaments top goal scorers so he has nine goals and he breaks the previous record of eight goals that were set in one nine hundred ninety six and i'm telling you sara this is one of the best goals at the asian cup and it will be remembered for ages you will see this in those those top
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ten best goals of the year something countdowns i'm sure of it good for him out of how would you rate the success overall of the tournament i think it was a very decent turn amend we had changed the format so it expanded from the usual sixteen teams to twenty four and that of course is a lot more inclusive but at one hand you had favorites like defending champions australia south korea japan disappoint to some degree but at the same time it allowed countries like the expanded format like the philippines vietnam thailand to who usually struggle to qualify to be given to be allowed to participate so it's it's i mean when ok so good the action for us that we were talking as always thanks . you're watching d.w. news still to come on the program d.w. news africa a south african politician making headlines after announcing that she has a child because of it why is living with the virus still tied in so much just take
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on the continent and as powerhouse designs turn one hundred years old we'll look at how the style is inspiring a new generation of architects in nigeria. all that more coming up in just a few minutes time with my colleagues i'm sorry kelly in berlin goodbye for doubt thanks for watching.
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to. get ready for something new on d w d w news often bringing you stories of the major stories that shape our world. news africa. hey listen up. that's what video game music sounded like thirty years ago. today's tracks take the experience to another level barclay sense to him talk
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composer nobuo uematsu. featured in many known to his music is bound to give you cause problems sounds to. video game music starts february twenty fifth on d w. much. much.
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think. all we can be the generation that ends it for good malaria must start so millions can live. this is the news africa coming up in the next fifteen minutes the world has made great progress when it comes to medically managing the aids but in africa the stigma associated with the virus is still very strong we'll be talking to a prominent activist. then the fall hot start of all he turns one hundred years old take it to a modern classic in nigeria.

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