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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  November 18, 2020 7:30pm-8:01pm CET

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complicated, 60 minutes to dublin. crime fighter are back in the good laugh for those most successful radio drama series continues through the call, it deserves are available online. course, you can share and discuss on w, africa's facebook. other social media platforms are harmful to me and now this is due to every news africa on the program. today. the conflicts in though mad and sad, fresh fighting has broken out between polish sario and morocco. influenced in so hard a wall that separates territory controlled by each party is at the center of the dispute. how solar power would irrigation take knowledge is replacing fuel burning irrigation pumps. in one
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i'm christine one guy. it's good to have your company. fighting has erupted between morocco's on me and the polish sario front, along a buffer zone, patrolled by the united nations. and this brings an end to a cease fire that was nearly 3 decades old in the disputed territory. ownership off whiston sorry, but the palace already of front is demanding independence. tensions have simmered for you is and on the whole fairing up. the newest flashpoint in an old conflict crossing is a border point in the south of western sahara. it controls a highway that runs all the way from morocco to mauritania,
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a vital route to the rest of africa. in recent weeks, there's been reports that protesting separatists blocked off the road. last week, the moroccan army posted these images to its facebook page. it says they show burning tents belonging to the police, sorry, of front police arias says those targeted were not fighters, but civilian protesters. now that conflict seems to be spreading along the buffer zone between the 2 sides. morrocco next to the former spanish colony in 1975. but the indigenous police are a front began an armed resistance for independence. the war raged on until 991, when both sides signed a ceasefire. they now split control of the territory. they're kept apart by a fortified fence built by morocco and extended since the early 1980 s. . it's believed to be the longest strip of land mines in the world, velo in the renewed hostilities. the moral qualms have since mobilized their forces,
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and the policy is also rallying its fighters and calling for volunteers. and i'm now joined by jose and tony was a, is a journalist who does have a region extensively and visited the policy area controlled areas. welcome to day, w. news africa jose. so there are reports that both sides have begun a mass mobilization and that the fighting is going to change. what are you hearing from, from your sources on the ground? well, as you know, in any conflict, we had a lot of program that bad world in iraq and he said, your sources, say you the same weight is there who are these back. even if he's the supposedly didn't want to reach least find, there are some fires between both armies even if they are not very big this moment . in most also seem that once the u.n.
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mission in this region or you know, ship leaves the place, the conflict, we do reach a higher level in it in how they also just does this explain that data. because one of my christmas it was going to be about that u.n. mission. you're now implying that that u.n. mission could be just explain that for us. yes. as you know, since 1991 day u.n. mission universal has been there in their place in both today with their 2nd under control of miracle in also the sahara. we played the place under control of police earlier in the mission is to keep peace and to organize referendum following the un resolutions. but as the police are you of felt that miracle had broken the peace agreement? and as they were back again, the police said he says, came to the un to leave the place in miracle east trying to keep the un people on the field. but if there were
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heaps in the time and it, it seems it's, it's going to least for a long time, the un people we have to leave the place both in their place when trouble under control of morocco and also under control of police. are you in both sources from both sides, agree that the conflict will go higher and higher and higher. once the u.n. people that you mentioned, you know, still leave the house a cease fire has been in place now for 25 years. why has it now seemingly collapsed well, there around 2 weeks ago, a group of sea billions sahar, we civilians went to the south of mr. sattar, in the war there. between marie tanian. mr. sattar and the luck route. an important route in terms of trade, connecting wester,
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sat under control of miracle in mauritania. these group australians were fired from this place because the morricone government sent the army to the place. and we, so there are some images. so in that, the american army opened fire, not against people, but there was a fire, there was fire that was with their weapons. and the police are you in their place or you will be responsible. and this tune, these movement have broken the peace agreement reached in 1991 and they declare it broke and they say that there is every many snooker is broken. so they were nice back again since then we see the friday small movement in, in fire. he didn't notice, we have a family of seconds, they have to add jose. and what is there a sense that this could be solved diplomatically? somehow you were talking about the fact that it could escalate,
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especially if the un mission, what's it being recreate it?, well, we don't know it and soon the u.n., it also depends on spain and mostly on the members of the security council and mostly france, which is a did main ally of miracle in the un in the security council. but it's important to note too that since the beginning of 200-1000 the last year there is no, we don't have any special envoy from the un. the meters are still there, but there is no one in charge of the mission. so these are the magic waiting in to reply and quite finished. ok, that's jose antonio about his death. thank you for your insights. thank you. our next story is in rwanda, where if honest, can no longer rely on rain to grow their crops. increasing changes in rain passes
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have forced most farmers to use fill pumps to irrigate their farms. now that of course, causes carbon emissions. a group of young wonder and scientists said to take advantage is, have devised a solar powered irrigation technology to replace the field based irrigation pumps. we, that corn husks aren't uncommon in ground up these days. the current drought has lasted months, and the increasingly extreme weather threatens the libel hood's of local farmers, especially those in the eastern part of the country who are not quoting him because he treated it. it's apparent that climate change is real and increasingly dangerous . the farming season is that people are used to are not longer predictable. at times it trains will one expected drought well route instead of rain. i'm saying it's confusing. you can just farm and have hope over having harvest and work even over an issue. and when you come in to a couple you eat is one family who has been fortunate during these hard times
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have filled our knee a roof. so she's been able to pump sufficient water to her crops. but they do so needed to power the pumps is expensive and the exhaust that is a meat, as a result contributes to a greenhouse effect. i know rhonda is increasing its reliance on solar power on the research and technology experts from a random start up developed a solar powered irrigation system thinking they had to project was financed by a us aid organisation and they run the government. they knew irrigation plant came at just the right time to pull 40 families from authorities in that district, the drought made agricultural more difficult, and the cost of renting the diesel pumps nearly consumed on my thirty's reason was a today's science and we ended up spending much of what awnings on buying fuel
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while using the fuel pump into narrators ira with those little left for our livelihood. now, we have gotten breed of all those expenses. we only need to replace someone to water. the plugs of the kurdish due to the more affordable litigation promise cannot attend a larger areas of land and keep farming they yield a much higher as a result of what i did call a hole. i was only have a sting, 50 kilograms of beans in 2 bags of sorghum. it says on. now, with solar irrigation, the yield volume has multiplied by 3. when i am considering expanding my farming, even on that one, i'll be focused on that solar powered irrigation system should be up and running in all of the party districts in the country. by the end over 2020. an official from the agriculture ministry sees that rhonda hopes to have
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a climate neutral economy by 2050 in his role for the country as i doctored this sort of system to get through this solar system. because often in terms of for energy costs and the secondly it yeah, climate to smart climate smart also means a more plentiful way of money, gene water, one of the arts most valuable resources, the startup that builds the sun at irrigation system, has also developed a system to measure the temperature and moisture of the site. so this is calculate the exact amount of water needed by the plants. farmers, i've been notified by and up about when and how much they should, what the across the plants need to get the optimum of what being. that's what we believe when they use this technology to improve their production.
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and it does been tested to be a success in the play, which has robin doing these pilot system is powered by solar energy, a swell. now the farmers know exactly which plants need water and how my for the time being, they improvising with plastic bottles, which will soon be replaced by what a horse's local solutions were local challenges. i love to see it. that is it for now be sure to check out of the stories on dot com, forward slash africa. we're also on facebook and on twitter we'd love to know what you think about the stories of a couple on the program. and perhaps even the stories you think that we should be covering today will leave you with these pictures of agricultural riches produced by running us on this. in spite of the of reliable rains, enjoy them. and we'll see you next hour of
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going up against obviously, the reason for that anything but this is getting ready for a taste of the of small acts. the new 5 part series of films from oscar winning director steve mcqueen. coming out this week more in a minute. also today in our series on exiles living here in berlin,
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we meet the bella, russian theater director, smits, a charter school supporting the current protests in better rows from afar. and dancing with a difference, a rather unique french dance troupe called geometry very, are gone viral on social media. but british british director steve mcqueen has already secured his place in movie history, being the 1st black director to win a best picture. oscar for 12 years, a slave. that film was set in 19th century america. now he's turned his attention closer to home. small acts is a series of 5 films about the history. indeed, the struggle of black people in britain between the 1960 s. and 980 s. . steve mcqueen returned to the sounds and sense of his london childhood for his 5 film anthology, small acts true stories of resistance,
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protest and celebration from the black caribbean experience of the 1960 s. seventy's and eighty's. the oscar winner mcqueen. this is his 1st british production, and his most personal for the series produced by the b.b.c. and amazon mcqueen casts some of britain's biggest stars. to teeter right famous from black panther, place, one of the mangroves 9 black activists put on trial in 1970 for daring to speak out against systemic racism against the police there. and they believe that they have been the victim of injustice. there are others who like parasites, treat all of these buildings, and seek to turn them to their own, evolved, deliberately created and by these defendants are all guilty of the serious criminal offense. activist and stuff. one stock john boy, you get plays,
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leave really real life police officer who trying to change and runs the system from within small acts tells the gotten stories of britain's black history in order to eliminate the injustices of today. and joining me is of course g w, film expert scott roxboro, 1st of all the title, small acts. what does that mean? yeah, we heard a little bit of the music at the very end, which, which is from the bob marley song, and the bob marley. song, quotes, old jamaican proverb which goes along the lines of. if you were the big tree, we are the small acts that will cut you down. so it's about, it's a metaphor for a collective struggle, which is basically what this whole series of films is about, which is really taken from real life stories about being black in britain between the sixty's and eighty's. and it's all about resistance, really resistance to racism, institutional racism in britain and very personal for mcqueen because this is the
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community he grew up in. is that? yeah, it is. i mean this is probably his most i think is most autobiographical and personal work. i mean, you mentioned some of his, some of his was work. i mean, all his other work is actually in a long way from home. i mean, his very 1st film was hunger, which is about the ira hunger strikes, starring michael michael fassbender. and then his, the other film that won an oscar for, of course, 12 years, a slave. as you said, 1900 centuries, america, slavery in 1000 in century america. even his very last film called widows was a heist movie, an all female heist movie. but it was set in chicago is also a long way from home. this film of the series of films a small acts the 1st time that steve mcqueen has looked at his, his own neighborhood, really the, the sort of west indian community that he grew up in, in london. and it's a very ambitious series of films and 5 full length movie, but he really knocks it out the park. and i think what he does with this, if it's not too much to say it, i think he puts black britons and their history back into the film history of his
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country. i mean, watching these films you realize how rare it is to see, see these stories on screen and even to see these faces. these kinds of faces on screen i think was incredible. and small x. is actually going to be on the b.b.c. in the u.k. and coming out on amazon and the rest. well, just this week, just now while you're here, i want to ask you about a young actress who's making huge waves here in germany. not really known yet, but she's about to sort of come to hollywood, isn't she? it looks like it looks like, yeah, you're talking about how a single who a german fans will know from her film system crash with came out last year and sort of blew everyone away. she played a character there, sort of young girl with. i know she was a anger management issues. she won the german film award for that performance and she's 12 years old. youngest person ever to win that she's now she's just been
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named the star a star to watch by the hollywood magazine variety. she's in the next film with tom hanks, which is a western the film is called news of the world. and in that is she plays a young girl who's kidnapped by natives. and then is this found by tom hanks' character. just speak any english, which is i guess useful if you're a young german actress who isn't that great in english. but it looks like an incredible performance for her. and it could be the case that she is right now. what become a huge global star before her 13th birthday to walk beside scott rocks as always, a mine of information about the movies. thank you very much. there being mass protests in every week since the elections there back in august. many people believing they were rigged in favor of the current incumbent. alexander lukashenko, the better russian theater director meets a chop who has been closely following events there from berlin,
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his place of exile for the last 10 years. and he's been helping organize demonstrations here to show support for his fellow countrymen a demonstration for a free bella, bruce. but this one is in the lean to direct us music chart, who is one of the organizers? he's happy to be able to express his opinion freely in germany and to send a signal to those back around we are showing that we are not indifferent to what is happening in bella roost right now. even in berlin, we see the situation in our homeland and what the citizens of bell are rusa doing. we are simply saying we are with you and we will help you are. we support you. hold on massive protests in belarus have continued for months. security forces have used brutal force against demonstrators demanding an end to
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the authoritarian regime in the country who left his country more than 10 years ago. he had been an active critic of the regime co organizing protests and hunger strikes and distributing leaflets. the state reacted with harassment often imprisoning him for days without giving grayson's you have to go to. if i had stayed, i would probably have ended up as a professional revolution range. i was not allowed to study and without an education, i would not have got a good job. most likely i would have ended up in jail at some point, due to participation in protests and my views. so i had to make a decision and leave because i wanted to pursue what i enjoy most adult who is currently working with colleagues on an exhibition about civil society in bellerive. when he left his homeland, he 1st lived in poland,
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but later moved to berlin, where he says, the spirit of freedom is alive. you can think and act freely. a world very different from the one in baton rouge. thought there was a kind of break on the development of society if you were constantly being told what to do and why, and that you have to follow the ideology imposed by the state and the whole look at schenker power apparatus of the relationship between the states. in the individual is a recurring theme in charge to theater work. paranoia page contains texts from r i f terrorist reka meinhof and asks how far political resistance can go the performances are in berlin, but he hopes the messages back home from years will be remembered.
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i see myself as a bridge between berlin and minsk in case something happens as a bridge between berlin and bella ruse for a while. but in general, i will probably continue to plow the niche between the stately it and the underground. and i want to stay in this name show where they know that mr. watson berlin has plenty of such nations in bella ruse. they are still a train. this music, this means that for the time being, he will remain in exile. now a don't screw with a difference. the 5 french group j, m f 3 very have developed a new dance style. it's a minimalist version of so-called touching a street dance star emerged in the hip hop scene in the 1990 s. . believe it or not, it's based on egyptian hieroglyphics and relies on very accurate movements and
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perfect timing it treat. take a look, see what you think this performance is poetry in motion? these hip hop dance says from southern france, have created a mess, memorizing style. all of their own, they call themselves and they live up to their name. their precisely coordinated moves create geometric forms, also has social media to thank for their success in 2017, the 2 founding members posted their 1st video of the performance online. we stepped into a studio and started making our moves within one or any kind of choreography where we'd be doing the same thing. we just wanted to have a connection between us and create moves. and one thing led to another. or we wanted poetic music black and white,
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and on choreography. and that's what we posters. and i stay we had over 1000000 hits a highly original style of dance, took them into the finals of a talent show on french television, and on american television. they've done to superstars like jennifer lopez even with this success. they're still not dancing professionally full time. he's a stalker. you're an electrician going to a little grocery store. he's director of a dance center and a friend. and the organizers are very wired. and even so we still manage to meet up. i'm together there apparently is have become less frequent to the coronavirus pandemic. but the done for those of you met anybody out hope to
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go on tour again. sometime soon. i think they're really cool. i may do it in their spare time. impressive. more outs in culture, stories on the website at d.w. dot com slash culture. so for now, also check out all you tube channels t w books and d.-w. classical music ice watching. i'm up
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to the conflict zone, confronting the powerful emotions of this special edition of conflict zones on the crisis in hong kong and over the last move into a new social probe, aging and pro-democracy figures reach out to justify what they've done in the said some of their arguments to me said the start of the test of time. conflict, so for 30 minutes double. i'm not laughing at the germans, because sometimes i am, but most and nothing with the time and haven't they think into the german culture, the new dancing, ridiculous drama? they owe you because it's all that they know. i'm right. oh,
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join me for me to get money up the coast. give us your country, eat the, we'll make you rich. people will prove i june with the oil will take good care of us. he says to the point, steve, are too cold on the west coast to come out in 2000. so the storms, but here's later, reality looks very different later. choose good drinking water shortage. the place is it before you gave up and god knows what coal oil promises starts. december 4th
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leg. this is from berlin. here in the german capital, a clash of people politics and the police all work. the corona police used water cannons to push back thousands of demonstrators today they were protesting against a new standing government powers to impose coronavirus sprit. stricture is also coming up, the u.s. president, orders u.s. troops to come home from afghanistan. but the move is drawing fire from america's
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nato allies, including.


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