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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  November 25, 2020 11:30am-12:00pm CET

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beethoven is for us, is for beethoven 202250th anniversary year on a record high for wall street and a lot of confidence elsewhere. stocks around the world follow the dow's need upward . amid easing worries over the pandemic and u.s. politics, we'll get the latest from our markets on. also on the show, producing vaccines for billions of people won't be enough. so we take a look at what other equipment will be keen and stopping the conduct. and china's hallway is a technological pioneer, but is the company also a trojan horse for beijing and bring you a special analysis?
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i'm chris colfer. welcome to the program, the rally on financial markets. it continues with optimism about the coronavirus vaccine and easing u.s. political uncertainty, pushing global stocks higher. investors around the world were in a buying mood on wednesday after the dow jones breached $30000.00 points for the 1st time. sentiment soared on the prospect of a big scene to ease the pandemics stranglehold on the global economy. but the transition of power to president joe biden, president elect joe biden, rather is finally beginning for the highs as well. for more. let's bring in our financial correspondent in frankfurt. give us some more reason for this global rally. chris, to begin with. there's more clarity and less of uncertainty that investors are
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looking now beyond the issues of a 2nd wave unemployment high unemployment. and then rather looking at the post pandemic recovery. and it helps that the transition process has started in the us, and that market friendly treasury said us is going to get a market market friendly, treasury secretary in the form of janet yellen. so these are the positive then the vaccine is of course is driving the markets, but most importantly, the markets believe that the wanted to policy is going to do mean quite lose going forward. but we see the chart behind you. apparently, investors in frankfurt don't seem to share all of that optimism. what's up there? well, apparently people here are not looking that far away because there are more pressing issues here in europe. and that's the reason why export confidence that came in really law in the negative territory. and that's the reason why the markets here are trading in the negative because they exporters feel that markets in europe are
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going to remain in trouble because of a 2nd wave. and more thought that the auto industry is actually quite under pressure because of that w.'s ashutosh pandey in frankfurt. thank you. well, of course, not only financial markets, but people all over the world are hopeful that it's possible to get a strong medical grip on the coronavirus. but making billions of doses of certified vaccines alone isn't going to be enough in order to stop the condemn it. there needs to be other essential equipment as well. absolutely. stero, highly optimized production. german glass maker shot is producing turkey 1000000 glass bottles a day for its chief client, the global pharmaceuticals industry. these vials are destined for world wide distribution. they will hold a vaccine against covert 19 all of the covert $900.00 vaccine
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projects that are currently happening all over the world. and these are more than 175 percent of those rely on vials from subs. and by the end of next year, we will have supplied enough files to store 2000000000 doses of a coronavirus specs. the files are made of a special glass that is best suited for potential covert $900.00 vaccines, as it avoids the interactions between containers and vaccines that can hurt the shots. potency as the vaccine is injected directly into the bloodstream, there can be no impurities, but some medications are particularly sensitive to heat and must be stored at minus 75 degrees. otherwise, the vaccine won't work. the demand for ultra low temperature freezers, such as those produced by the german firm, has increased dramatically in the past few weeks. a freezer, like this costs up to 20000 euros,
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and can store around 45000 blas miles. both inder and shot are well prepared to ramp up production for the global vaccine rollout. and now to some of the other business stories making headlines. dodger bond is on track for a record losses year as the 2nd wave of crude 19 puts pressure on the german rail operator. in leading german newspaper reported that dutch bond is braced for a loss of $5600000000.00 euros this year. tesla's ilan mosques plans to build the world's biggest battery factory outside of berlin. the factory will be located at the gigafactory, currently being constructed in green, haida, about 40 kilometers outside of berlin. and the factory is set to open next year with an expected capacity of half a 1000000 vehicles a year now, rarely has there been a company as controversial as chinese huawei is these days. it's the global leader when it comes to the new, ultra fast 5 g.
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network technology. but particularly the u.s. government has been accusing call way of spying and pressuring its allies to follow suit. and britain companies are now facing half the fines if they don't oblige germany. the jury is still out on how to deal with while way. but there are concerns. today we're bringing 5 g. to i follow the next generation of mobile communications ease here. apple and google have both jumped top 5 with their latest. but it's the chinese giant. whoa wait. it's the biggest player in building the 5 g. networks. they will depend on. and that has got many experts worried. there's a big concern that the company itself might build in vulnerabilities into code that cannot be discovered very easily. and these vulnerabilities seem accidental or might seem accidental, but in fact,
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they might be there on purpose or even if they are accidental and they'd find them afterwards. the company could exploit them, the company, not because of its own interests, but because it might be forced by the chinese government to do so on depending that concern is the fact that is a chinese company way is ultimately subject to the authority of china's ruling communist party huawei insists that there are no back doors in its equipment, and that it has no those ties with the chinese government. we spoke to his chief representative here in holly has no special relations. so is i mean government compared to any other private campaigning across the word that we used their government. and that is a fact. but while waste found wrenching fe has personally been
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a member of the communist party since the 1970 s. and experts say the party's power over all chinese firms is in trying to lure in national intelligence. so early not everyone says that all chinese people and organizations, including companies, must support a system, cooperate the national intelligence gathering. now the same law also says that people and organizations that must maintain secrecy over this requirement and over these activities, disagree and state power over chinese companies is what creates the greatest anxiety in european capitals. especially in the light of china's increasingly authoritarian behavior that's going on this from the w.c. chief international editor, richard walker, whose report you just saw there. richard. good to see you. now we've heard about
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the concerns that german experts have when it comes to holloway concerns about the concerns that the u.s. government obviously has obvious concerns shared by other countries around the world. yeah, they absolutely are chris. i mean, you've had more and more members of what you might call the western alliance, pulling the plug on 5 g. on hallways involvement in their 5 g. rollouts over the last couple of years. you know, because of those concerns. and because of mounting pressure from the united states, so australia, for instance, way back in 2018. and this year you seen the u.k. and france each in a slightly different way, basically following suit. so i think that's a sign that this year in 2020, the mood has really kind of turned increasingly against, well way in germany, the government is split on how to position itself when it comes to holly. what's the latest there? that's right. i mean,
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germany has been wrangling with this issue for a very long time. and that reflects the very high stakes. i think of the way that germany sort of feels torn about this perhaps more than other countries do. and that, of course, relates to germany's enormous trading relationship with china. i mean, just look at the figures last year, germany exported more than $100000000000.00 euros worth of goods to china. so it is concerned about chinese potential retaliation against its companies doing business there. but at the same time, it faces the geopolitical and security concerns that other countries have been looking at and that division is reflected right to the top of government. government has been divided for a long time. and what we're expecting to see soon from the government is a new security law, which will at least sort of set the ground rules for how to decide these sorts of things. process is for making decisions and include introducing for the 1st time a political test of trustworthiness of providers. and that is a hurdle that huawei could fall at a merger. what sort of impact would
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a decision for or against where have for the global economy? what we could be a kind of turning point here, chris, because if you think about what is the story of the 21st century so far economically, it's really incorporating china into the world economy. what we could be seeing here is the beginning of a process of what's called decoupling of reducing the links between western countries and the chinese economy. not just relating to this kind of high tech communications technology, but also medical supplies and other kind of dependencies that of really been highlighted this year during the coronavirus pandemic. so which way germany goes will be an interesting litmus test for the future of the world economy. if you don't lose chief international editor, richard walker. richard, thank you. and finally, james bond's gone is going up for auction next month in los angeles. the walter pistol was used by the late sean connery in the 1st ever bond movie,
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960 to use dr. no, it is expected to go for up to $200000.00. the film was told by a british secret service to trade in his old, misfiring baretta gun for the wall turned $25.00 bond films. later. versions of the walter remain double 7, its signature weapon and my guess a glass of martini probably was equally important to him. that's all show. thanks for watching. every so often success
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against the coronavirus pandemic has the rate of infection in developing the latest research information and contacts virus spragg. why do we panic? when we'll introduce through the tactics and weekly radio show is called
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spectrum. if you would like any information on the crawler laroche or any other science topic, you should really check out our podcast wherever you get your podcast. you can also find us at slash science. with the stress of the coronavirus pandemic is taking its toll on all of us. there's the ever present fear that you or a loved one, could catch the virus on top of the strain of having to work from home with normal ways of relaxing and socializing on hold. for now, scientists just starting to study the emotional impact the pandemic is having on people everywhere from the oldest to the youngest.
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there are 5 that walk on one missing. he will soon find it said. ringback to him, perhaps, can fully comprehend the unusual strain that this pandemic is placing upon them. is not normal times for anyone. and the impact is being felt strongly by those who would normally need the most help. the elderly are among the new 3 met up to play cards in leipzig, germany. they are between 70 and well over 90 years old. they all still live in
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their own homes. they regularly to exercise classes together and meet up in a restaurant on sundays. so how do they feel about the contact restrictions? i don't want to take any risks. i prefer to follow the recommendations. i want to take any risks and there's no delish to last. and of course this is stressful because you've become really isolated and very alone. and you need a bit more at least i personally need a little bit more company. just nursing homes have had restrictions for a long time. visits are now limited to half an hour each day. one of this home's residence is lucy, a little month. she is 99 years old has 4 children, and she's a grand and great grandmother. they mention excel and really go to sleep. humans are meant to be social. you can have a good life when you have closeness, when you can hug things that aren't possible now. and how i think after
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thinking and i don't dare to shake hands with the children, that's not what you're supposed to do. and that's the hardest part. penn has experienced a lot in her life as scape from war illnesses and great upheaval. so, you know, all we can do is stay calm and accept whatever comes our way and the impact of winthrop. and that the only thing we can influence that is by being considerate to each other in the impact of the coronavirus on the mental health of people of all ages is something that's being studied very closely. we can now speak to professor christoph corral from the sherry tate medical school here in berlin. he's conducting a major international survey called the collaborative outcomes study on health and functioning during infection times or co fit for short. and i think we need to show person of that. thank you very much for joining us professor. i mean,
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what's the aim of your study? yes. when cofa it actually cool it hit the world as we were stunned by it myself. and marcus only did call vi, and we thought we need to do something to lure of from it and feel fortified. so the idea is to stay and be fit cool. fit during the corbett and emic and up and makes trying to understand who are the people who are at highest risk of having poor outcomes from it. and what are coping strategies to actually do well during the endemic, so that we could learn from and do form individuals for individuals, but also to do something like evidence based governance. that politicians and society could learn from what kind of strategies to deal with pandemic, help both physical and mental wellbeing or actually make it worse. so what sort of thing is you asking people? so you are asking many things. it's a long survey that's
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a little bit of weakness about 30 minutes for a adults and adolescents and about 15 to 20 minutes. for all children age 6 to 13. we're asking them obviously where they live, how they live, where they know someone who has been infected or they've been infected themselves if they're in karm 1000 right now or not. but also do they have a physical or mental illness already? and what is the help seeking behavior during the condemning, getting the medication or they can have a need. and then we oxidant them looking at not full validated scales, but we drew out single questions to b.s. trans diagnostic as possible having as many mental domains and physical domains we want to cover. and then we already saw that having drawn out just a couple of questions, always on 0 to 10, how much you feel it is true. not that you're anxious, lonely, or stressed, angry. and how it was that the 2 weeks before the pandemic hit in order to see
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a change. and then we also ask about coping strategies, what works the best? and then we want to see people who do well, what kind of coping strategies they use versus those that don't. so that we can actually recommend certain strategies to people who may not use them appropriately . they're already send theories on the impact that their pandemics been having on mental health, all the specific ideas that you are trying to either challenge all or prove with this. so i mean, we're looking both at not modifiable risk factors, which are basically socceroo definitions and modifiable risk factors. so can we do something that we want to change? so for example, how much people walk outside, how much they are in contact with other, is it just personal contact or what about also online contact that is already
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pretty good. what about telemedicine? that supplements for in person visits and can still maintain well being? so where we're testing a couple of also resilience factors. it doesn't resilience change over time, or is it something that you're born with into the pandemic? what about altruism and altruistic behavior change and thereby also improve outcomes? these are all, some of the questions we're asking with in looking on the program and specifically the impacts for young people and older people. are there specific groups that you are expecting to see the pandemic having a lot to impact on? yes, all we're looking at 1st of all, this is an anonymous for the general population, but we're very interested in subgroups migrants, pregnant women, women in general, the young, the very old, the people who live alone from plant health care workers. all of these will be
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examined, we count if 110000 people across the world, 147 countries, 6 continents to participate. we need more people to understand it better. but what we've learned already is that women seem to bear the brunt. they have more stress and more angry. and they also feel somewhat more lonely than males. and particularly it seems those that have to do triple time skiing. there are home running the household, but they have to do home schooling and maybe also do a home office kind of work. and it seems that they are much more affected all they're more open and honest about it. because also more women participated in the survey saw will be interesting to see which groups to turn out to be the greater effective professor christoph corral from the sheraton medical school and the co fit study. thanks for joining us. thanks for having me. and you can take
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part in the survey by visiting fitz dot com, they want people from all over the world and it's available and lots of different languages. and you can help create a better understanding of the human impact of covered 19. now is the part of the program where we put one of your questions submitted through how you chip channel to our science correspondent, derrick williams. i would like to know why the pfizer vaccine needs to be kept. so very cold, especially since it presumably has to be warmed up prior to administer a should. to answer this, i 1st have to go over a few basics of cell biology. the vaccine developed by biotech and pfizer is what's known as a messenger r.n.a. or m r n a backseat l m r n a is a chain like molecule that fulfills a very important function and cells. it contains codes to make proteins and it acts
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as a messenger between the cells control center and its protein building machinery as hence the name. but the protein, this particular m r n a vaccine that codes for isn't a human one. it's a protein that's made by the corona virus, and when the m.r. n a is injected, it causes your cells to begin making that viral protein. and that provokes an immune response, just as if you caught coke at 19, sending in the pretty simple quick to produce more in a code molecules to make these, these complicated proteins and getting the body to do all of the work of producing them. this business, elegant solution to a complex problem. but of course, it can't be all easy. we've been trying to produce these kinds of vaccines for decades now. and one of the major hurdles has been keeping the m.r.i. in a stable long enough for it to accomplish its task. after all, messenger r.n.a.
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isn't built to last in the cell that's supposed to break down again after its proteins have been produced, not hang around because that would cause all kinds of problems. so lots of the research in the field involves keeping this pretty fragile molecule stable. and one way to do that is to code it in a, in a specially designed molecular envelope and then and, and freeze that ultra low temperatures. when he thought back out again, the more n a begins to degrade, but not instantly. the best description i've heard of the process compared these vaccines to chocolate covered ice cream bars with, with the coding hoping to retain the integrity of the ice cream to some extent, even as it slowly melts. pfizer and by on tax say that there vaccine, if refrigerated remains stable for up to about 5 days after thawing and maternal, which, which makes the other m.r.
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and a back same can do to making headlines at the moment. it says that it's those says, have a refrigerated shelf life of, of, up to 30 days. as a comment on i do ship channel. so for must stay healthy.
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cuts cuts. oh, this is c w. news live from for lent, germany reports of record, daily death, toll of aids, the 2nd wave of the coronavirus pandemic. a grim smile stopped coming just as another potential super spreader of that glimpse of christmas. german leaders agreed to extend the current limited lockdown but will make a special allowance for holiday gatherings.

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