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tv   Der Tag  Deutsche Welle  November 30, 2020 11:00pm-11:31pm CET

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we're working hard to sleep here with over platforms in the studio. run to go. make it, stay safe. everybody stays in place and stay safe. please stay safe. this is day to every news, and these are our top stories. you're struck for more journalists to apply for emergency authorization off its covert 19 vaccine in both europe and the united states. the company says dr. results show the drug is 94 percent effective with no serious safety concerns. it's a 2nd vaccine likely to get the go ahead in the u.s. this year. officials have upheld joe biden's election victory in the u.s. states of arizona and wisconsin item one,
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arizona 510000 votes despite the trump campaign, appealing against the results. separately in a key appointment biden has named a former federal reserve chief janet yellen assess choice for treasury secretary thousands of farmers have blocked roads into india's capital delhi to protest agricultural reflects, they say new laws to deregulate crop pricing will leave them at the mercy of big corporations prime minister and the renderer. modi says protestors are being misled by opposition parties and that deregulation will benefit them. this is news from berlin. follow us on twitter and on instagram at news or visit our website, www dot com. or for the oracle, the european union has now secured 2000000000 doses of coded 19 vaccines,
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more than enough for everyone in europe. once a vaccine is approved and that may happen 1st in the u.s. . that's where pfizer is buying on. tech are already seeking emergency use authorization for their backseat. today would earn a joint them to become the 2nd developer on the fast track to approval. and if all goes well, we're told that a day in december could be a day to remember. this is the day the vaccine is expected to be highly effective at preventing symptomatic disease and very effective at preventing severe outcomes from the disease people leave their state of these data are robust and should be clearly sufficient to enable the
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emergency use authorization in the u.s. we anticipate that the benefit of this vaccine is going be quite significant. we really look to the ability to deploy this, initially under emergency use authorization. also coming up to iran's top nuclear weapon, scientists murdered tehran, says the weapon was made in israel. was the us involved is the u.s. now a target for retaliation? but i think that you don't look up to and so proportionally it was very difficult for you don't to kill a u.s. general. so they would try made me once and there's a way, but i mean, once again, he's not the best but to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all of our viewers around the world. welcome. we begin the day counting down the day is how long will it be until the 1st corona virus vaccine
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is approved for use on the public? well, the answer will most likely come from the u.s. . that is where developers of the 2 most promising back scenes are seeking, emergency use authorization, pfizer, and by on tech begin their requests last week today, moderna joined them. if approval goes as expected, doctors in the u.s. could begin administering the 1st injections between december 11th and 21st, we are told but both exits will require a high tech, low temp infrastructure for manufacturing all the way to delivery to the local doctor's office. so imagine getting that x. colder than antarctic temperatures all through the last mile in your point of delivery. it's extremely, it's extremely challenging. we're all going to have to adapt in some way,
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and that maybe require political change, storage or alternative methods of packaging and delivering a new the vaccine. so that globally, you know, all of us will have access to one or more the vaccines for more. now i'm joined by dr john campbell. he is an independent health analyst and he's generated a large following on social media for all questions. coronavirus pandemic. dr. campbell, it's good to see you again. i'd like for us to start with medan and take a listen to what the company's chief medical officer said about safety and the vaccine trials in terms of significant safety concerns. serious threats to our health, we've not seen any such concerns to date. of course, we continue to monitor and will continue to monitor so on the trial this monitor, this monitoring continues. now, dr. campbell, today the company said that the trials showed 94 percent effectiveness and 100
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percent effectiveness against severe coded 98100 percent. i mean that's remarkable, isn't it? it is quite remarkable. i mean this is based on a large study, those 30000 people involved 15000 got the vaccine 15000 in the placebo group. and in the experimental group that actually got the vaccine. there was 11 people paid to cover it, 19 infection, out of 196 infections all together. so that when people infected who got the vaccine, then the placebo group, as far as we know, just got salty water. there was a 185 people actually got the infection. but of those 30 percent, that 30 of those were severely ill enough to be hospitalized. i'm one of them died . so we've got this headline figure of 94 percent. now it may turn out to be that it may turn out to be no less than not whatever it is. it's certainly good enough to use and it's a high efficacy. the 100 percent comes from the fact that there was no severe cases
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who got the vaccine and there was no deaths in the group that got the vaccine. all the survey cases and all the day z.z. in the receiver group, we're not getting the vaccine. that's where the 100 percent comes from. so it's yeah, it is 100 percent is fed to say, but of course as thousands and thousands of more people get the vaccine then there could well be a few people who still get more. can't do it and do it. don't get serious infections. we need more data on that. but so far looking very good. we know that madonna has asked for emergency use authorization in both the u.s. and the european union, pfizer and biotech. they've only asked for that right now in the united states. does it? does it make a big difference where you're asking for this emergency use when it is emergency use that you're asking for permission for? well, as far as we know, the pfizer vaccine is going to be reviewed by the food and drug administration on
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the 10th of december and the maternal vaccine on the 17th of december. so they're frantically processing that data now to try and make these announcements. now if they grant emergency use, that means that giving permission for clinicians to start injecting that in people's arms. and that's a pretty big decision. i am expecting not to be positive, but of course that's their decision and they'll have to decide to do that. and it's much the same in the european medicines agency, and the british medicines agency will have to look at the data and make an adjudication. firstly, as they said, if and 2nd is it efficacious. now the evidence that is that the case is pretty strong as work. just said that 94 percent and no patients getting severe disease who called vaccinated the safety data from that image is also looking good. and i think that's the reason there was also a public published today because by f.d.a. regulations in the united states, they have to wait for 2 months for a certain number of patients after they've had the 2nd dose of the vaccine to make sure they don't get serious adverse effects and so far to saying there are no
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serious adverse effects from this vaccine. when we get minor things like a saw, a soul saw injection site in the arm where it's injected, you know, feeling unwell for a period of time. but no serious side effects have been documented so far. i'm not to see how this would be given emergency approval actually, and we believe that people can start in the states, those doggo in this vaccine out with that after that. so i'm pretty confident people are going to be getting graps negative by the end of the 7, but well, let's talk about november, november. so more infections than any previous months in this pandemic. that's the bad news. there is some good news, i think in the u.k. it appears the cases in england have dropped about 30 percent in this recent lock down. i mean, this doesn't really just looking like about about 30 percent. it doesn't tell us, you know, so about what is known as long covert, which basically, you know,
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go on covert it, covert it doesn't go away quickly. what do we know exactly about this? yeah, there's 2 reasons this pandemic is so, so significant one is the acute illness where people could overwhelm hospital services and the other is the long term side effects the long term called it. now there's probably going to be 2 groups of side effects and long term cooperative. when group will be patients that have some sort of post covered syndrome that gradually recover. but then again, it looks like 2 or 3 percent of patients are still really quite poorly after 3 months. so you know, for some patients this can be a pretty long hill through the pages. they could actually be woken damage such as inflammation of the hot or damaged the pancreas that could lead to diabetes. and that could lead to a long term burden of morbidity. these patients could be requiring help and care for some years or even potentially decades into the future. and the u.k. has about 60000 patients at the moment to go on this long to profit disease. and
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the health service are actually paying for much larger numbers, potentially for hundreds of thousands. of course, you expand that out globally, and we could be talking about long people with long term sequelae after this illness. that food aid is not there yet. this is going to be some patients with long term consequences. we're just hoping it's going to be small. and this is also why, you know, you and i have talked many times about the risks to young people, even if a young person is asymptomatic or recovers very quickly from this. we don't know what their health is going to look like 20 years from now because they had 19 today . i don't want to be a long list about this. i expect the vast majority of people to make a full recovery. and because they, as long as they have no organ damage and it's looking like the vast majority of patients don't have any organ or tissue damage, they can make a full recovery. but some patients are going to be more prone to this. we know that people with us minimal prone to this from early data, increased body mass index is
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a risk. it's looking like women a slightly more risk than men. and in increasing age is also a factor. although increasing age is not such a big factor, it as it is in the acute complications of the disease. so there are some risk factors that are known about the other thing that's interesting on this is people look at a lot of clinical features in the, in the 1st week of the illness, to get 5 or more clinical features. they're about 4 times more likely to develop long covered, so they are predictive models that are being worked on now and should be rolled out pretty soon. but there's going to be some patients for sure. we just, we're just hoping it's going to be a small number. yeah, that's right. that's why it's so important to stay away from the virus. if you can have dr. john campbell in there thing, as always, our care, we appreciate your time in your insights. thank you. thank you. thank you. we are at the end of november a month that has seen major developments to find a coronavirus vaccine and record
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a record setting figures on the stock markets. the 2 are linked with a major jump in stock prices happening with pfizer biotechs announcement that its potential vaccine had proved successful in trials in new york. the dow jones index set an all time record in november by breaking that 30000 level for the 1st time. but its share owners have been cheering employees, small business owners with their not so happy economies around the world of slowdown and poignant figures shot up in the remain, which is also words. i have my colleague rob wants from b. w. business here. the big table with neat. so let's the stock does a lot to talk about here. how historic 1st of all has this month been for global stocks? it's hard to overstate what an incredible month it's been really. we've seen
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a 13 percent increase in the value of stocks globally blue chip stocks have put out in monetary terms that it's effectively 155000000 dollars being added to the value of global stocks every minute of november. it's an incredible figure one that really it's very difficult to get into your mind and it's across the board because we know that the dow jones has had a record breaking month. asim p. $500.00 has hit record highs, but also over in europe. stocks have been performing even better in the french stock market is seeing rises of 20 percent italian up $25.00, an average upin. again, big rise as you know,, the nikkei levels. it's not been at since the 1990 s., and that's because of 2 major things that have happened. joining of them who have seen increased announcements of stimulus packages from governments and central banks out also seeing this rapid progress towards this coronavirus fox. yeah, that's the good news, but, you know, we talk about
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a cave recovery from the pandemic for the global economy. investors. they love the way their recovery is going. but the working class, the middle income class, they, they're not recovering. there's a lot of people are still without jobs, the united states, let's talk about them for a 2nd. we know the u.s. is still waiting on a stimulus package, a 2nd stimulus package that could be decided this week. if congress acts. what happens though, if there is no 2nd stimulus, are we talking about work recession? because to come, it could happen this week for the party, the more people saying they could not happen until, you know, we've got a new president in the united states because there's this deadlock over how large this stimulus package should be. you have the hero act, which was $2.00, trillion dollars 6 months ago. the democrats want something similar. the republicans say, oh,
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why we're talking about trillions had we really need that. and the thing is, this progress towards a vaccine is actually only entrenching. there is a position particularly on behalf of the republicans because they're hoping that a vaccine will mean a resurgence in the economy. that means that, you know, multi-trillion dollar rescue package simply isn't necessary. now joe biden is saying, no, we're in for a dark winter in the united states and, you know, we do need a multi-trillion dollar package. he doesn't seem willing to wait for a vaccine to decide either way. you know the dark winter as you say, robots, as always, rob, thank you. we're just as the coronavirus can mean the symptoms for some people i see you and death for others. its impact on the economy has also been very mixed. here in europe, spain is considered the e.u. member, hardest hit. but before the pandemic, spanish g.d.p.
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was growing at almost 3 percent, much better than its neighbors. but in the 1st 2 quarters of this year, when travel and tourism, the lifeblood of spain's sunshine, economy came to a standstill. the economy tanked putting the country into its worst recession in more than 80 years and the poor you were. when the crisis began, the poor, your chances became of staying album, poverty seemingly endless queues from food in the streets, working class district. oh my gosh. some people have been wrecking this at this food bank at the church for his and others are near. the pandemic has brought them here. some are too shamed. they hide from the camera, so others speak for them. if you give up that people here have been waiting to get minimum state subsidies for ages. and that people who apply for furlough in march
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and still haven't been paid by one of europe's worst. coronavirus outbreaks is spain's economy has been left shattered. people know incomes migrants and casual workers have suffered the most. maria worked as a headdress of for the past 17 years that was until the pandemic as she, her husband and their 5 children have hit rock bottom up almost. there's no not made of money before, but we always had food. never in our lives. did we imagine we'd end up like this? you know, a lot of our media was entitle to ply, furlough payments, and she's had to waste too long for the money to come through. the is that a lot for me? i should think about the families who don't have food. please don't forget us, that the system is at a standstill and our situation is very bad. i'm on my own mark. the government says it will extend the furlough scheme. it has rolled out a basic income program, but the process of getting benefits is highly bureaucratic and lengthy. and even
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with the money food, the donations remain essential. demand is soaring. many people awful in through the cracks and have little to no financial aid. the spanish food bank federation's latest figures show just how many people now depend on their help. the bizarre mustn't be made up on the 1st part of the pandemic. we had $1000000.00 beneficiaries. the now we're looking at 1000000 890000. you know me out of the bottle in the moment, the reality of the informal and the me is a warehouse on the outskirts of madrid, supplies $70000.00 killers of food every day. that's mainly paid for by government and e.u. aid. these schemes have been extended and the recent campaign for donations should ensure that the warehouse doesn't run out of store back at the church, rather than santa needs, more volunteers to pull the many trolleys and reduce waiting times. they go from empty to full within seconds before they get to the waiting hungry.
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they've been tested on some days this year and i'm damned if i sold out not make it home because the stop i was working at a speed of a person who had aged 40 years for the years. but that doesn't stop him. one fool truly contains food supplies for a month, including treats that families cannot afford over at all, only when the children see the cocoa are checklists. they are very happy to have it . but after that it was because i can only buy the essentials for one. not, i'm not there. i said to condemn it. has had spain's already battered economy hard . it's unlikely it will recover quickly enough. so people may have to rely on food handouts for some time to come. and many of iran's top religious political and military leaders joined for the funeral of the country's top nuclear sawyer. just
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a date believed to be the father of the islamic republic's military nuclear program . most in fact, resodding was assassinated last week in a hell of gunfire. and explosives, iran has blamed israel and an exiled iranian room. the government in tehran has said that it will seek revenge for far as audience death. in due time. the iran says it will not be provoked into retaliating, but can the regime in tehran strike back on an equal level? analysts say it's very, very unlikely. but i think that iran is not to cut ability to and so proportionally act like this same up in wisconsin. surely many feelings was very difficult for you don't to kill a u.s. general. and this time it's very difficult for you don't to kill representatives if
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you straightly nuclear program. so these are very difficult ones on the same level . so they will try made me to answer and there's a way, but the timing once again is not the best time. and for more now i'm joined by tripp parsis, executive vice president of the quincy institute for responsible state craft. it's good to see you again. try to, i want to just throw this to you. iran says that the murder weapon, or murder technology that was used was made in israel. so how realistic is a retaliation by iran against israel? how realistic is that at this point? well, as the previous analyst mentioned, the iranians most likely do not have the capacity of being able to respond proportionately, meaning that they would target. and he's really a nuclear scientists inside of israel. for instance. the broader problem though,
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is that any retaliation by iran, proportionate or not, proportionate. iranian would have great difficulty doing something that would not escalate into a broader conflict. then it's quite clear that for the last 23 years, the iran has been very careful not to give the trumpet demonstration ordinates on the al government, a pretext for a broader war. but it does not mean that they cannot retaliate in the erik's ways, and we've seen that in the past that the iranians have found acid metric ways of exacting a price on israel when it does assassinate iranian scientists or conducts are the types of attacks against iran i'm wondering what this assassination means for you as president elect joe biden's hopes of reviving the iran nuclear deal. it certainly is not helpful. and in fact, the consensus is increasingly that this is something that's and that's on yahoo government did precisely because it wanted to undermine its own, you know,
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biden's ability to be able to react to the nuclear deal and restart negotiations with iran. i think it's important for the viewers to keep in mind that at the end that a day that real worry that netanyahu has, is not that iran would have a pathway to a nuclear weapon. it's an iran would have a pathway to washington. and that's what this is ass nation is aimed at preventing . and what about the role of israel in this? there has been talk over the weekend by some analysts saying that israel may be forced. this is sansa nation in order to force the hand of the next president joe biden, a bit. how do you see that? now i believe certainly, i mean the israelis are trying to create as many obstacles as possible for divided straight to be able to restart negotiations with iran. and we have seen in the past that assassinations of this kind tended to take place at sensitive moments where there was a likelihood of some form of
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a diplomatic breakthrough. they did not happen at moments in which an estimation of this kind would have really set back the nuclear program. and i think in other asked me that comes through all of this is that it's very unlikely that the trumpet mr. asian was not either giving a green light or some support for this, but netanyahu must also have calculated that biden does not have the political will to punish nathaniel who for some in his prospects for diplomacy. that's a perception that the now seems to have only by the change at perception. you know, it's interesting to the perception is key here. what about tehran? waiting out and holding its tongue and waiting until joe biden is the u.s. president. did it? do you think that the, the will, the force of will, is in tehran to wait until january 20th? it's going to be tremendously difficult because from their perspective they've already shown a tremendous amount of restraint in regards to other attacks that already have
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taken place in iraq. most likely conducted by the israelis. so you can definitely sense that there's an increased anger there in which the arguments of those who are arguing against restraint is that it's precisely because of iraq's restraint that these attacks will continue. restraint has be god and more assassinations. whereas if the iranians were to respond really harshly to this calculation, and israel would be changing. but the problem is that if they do that, then the region would likely be at the brink of war. true democracy with the quincy institute for responsible stake for the it's good to see you again. we appreciate your time and your insights tonight. thank you. before we go, we want to bring you up to date on the men and women that u.s. president elect joe biden. is tapping for his new administration. women are, by far in the majority,,
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has nominated former federal reserve chair woman janet yellen to become u.s., treasury secretary, yellen will be the 1st woman to hold that posed if she's confirmed by the u.s. senate biden says that his new economic team will help lift america out of its economic downturn, and in another 1st, the biden transition team announced the 1st all female white house senior communications staff in u.s. history. they include jen psaki as press secretary. she held a number of senior positions in the obama administration, including white house communications, director, woman the day is almost over, the conversation continues online. you'll find us on twitter, where every find us watches to see them are
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the coded 1000 pandemic has been linked to the destruction of habitats and wildlife . now, the virus threatens to return to line my human transmission. osing a danger to all. how can this vicious circle be stopped and projects in africa give cause for optimism, but also show what problems exist from coping to climate? can africa's forests help save the world? close up. next, d.w. .
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how does a virus spread? why do we panic? and when we'll all descend into just 3 of the topics covered and the weekly radio show is called spectrum. if you would like any information on the coronavirus or any other science topic, you should really check out our podcast. you can get it wherever you get your podcast. you can also find us at dot com. look for it slash science. beethoven is for me. beethoven is for you. beethoven. as for hell, beethoven, just for her. beethoven is for them.
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beethoven is for us. beethoven is for beethoven 2020, the 250th anniversary year on d.v.d. . this is the windy, rain forest. in uganda. it's part of a national park that was declared a unesco world heritage site $994.00. the forest is home to an estimated 1000, not gorillas, but their habitat is now threatened. because humans are moving ever closer and could even spread the culvert 1000 buyers to the gorilla population. can we stop the spread of.


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