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tv   Made in Germany  Deutsche Welle  December 30, 2021 2:30am-3:01am CET

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well and satan, without sinning to day berlin is home to the lion's share of butter. charlie's extensive collection of drawings for dante's camelia, for the berlin cook fresh dish cabinet, the museum of prince and drawings. the collection is both a treasure and a miracle in more than 500 years of existence. ringback the drawings have remained largely together in a well preserved condition. yeah, he asked isn't here from this box i've just taken at one of the drawing sondra, but italy created for the divine comedy or dick at 5. not that at the berlin co flushed ish cabinet holds 85 of these dry this moment of life, that a thief, another severed from the cycle, are kept at the vatican off. but we assume that the cycle originally included
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$102.00 parchments, as also by m pack a mento faso. today about 10 have been loss lighter at what thin fessler why these drawing so significant. these works are unlike a typical but italy painting, large and colorful. as are nowadays, and actually ever since it was discovered that this little consider to be one of the most important works of the renaissance. certainly thought. i fair to say that, but each shelley like no other dante illustrator before or after him, battle, was able to visualize the words of dante d, bought. he translated the words into images and present them to us. as the story told, an actor this acquisition adopted. this is not a single work of art, but rather 92 individual works. each in itself is a fascinating piece,
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encompassing the inimitable power and magic of the artist. the dante's journey through hell to paradise. with a breath taking aesthetics and intensity, ah, all the drawings from rome and berlin are collected in effect. similarly, those that are scanned and unsafe my here are some white pages i make via of these are the sheets that are la swollen and here it's quite interesting because we have this detailed map, her dell and fair, no in found. or you can imagine more or less how potentially was thinking about representing these cantos that for which we have no sheets for t v i can get em hum dot up with the map ardelane far no butter. chelly begins his cycle by illustrating the entire path into and through hell. why is can
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me a force then? i can imagine that the map, a del inferno was drawn 1st as a kind of presentation for his client and had the one's object who had been off the wrapper that but he chelly executed this 1st on him and showed it to him that it. yeah, this is how i imagine it looking, this is what the arrangement of the scenes will be in $1481.00 after only a few months. but italy interrupts his work on the divine comedy cycle. he goes to rome, where he spends more than a year, creating frescoes for the sistine chapel, a great honor in recognition of his talent back in florence. but a chelly takes up dante scenes again. he's motivated and creative and finds the narrative style that is absolutely unique indeed, but italy proves to be a great innovator, carving new, artistic paths. ah,
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then that bardello for know in the apostolic library in the vatican is the conceptual study, the blueprint for the masterpiece, encompassing all 100 can taste. it lays the foundation for the artists unusual approach to look at. but i would think that his son, if i don't think it's interesting to compare body charlie's drawings with what is essentially a contemporary codecs, produced between 14801485. again, we had a port book here. we have the traditional relationships between image and text, a full scenario to face. the image is directly related to the tags man added to pegs only one moment. i will solo mean though english has are selection from an important episode of the kanto. live with body jelly, we have a completely different vision. we'll get, i mean 30 minutes instead of depicting a single moment. he follow placement steadily and over time will cheat glory to ha o'connor demon was in the circle of hell. for example. as you can see,
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dante and virgil up at the top, or distinguished from one another by the color of their rose singularities, the colors they enter. and then you see how they walk through. or 9 circles you. the image shows the whole process. imagining clunky model. this is the enormous difference between body charlie psycho and the traditional manuscripts of the time . though i will, mosquito that'd soon. mm. but, but it jelly goes a step further. he needs more space for his drawings and comes up with something new. in addition to telling an ongoing story in a single sheet, but actually also devices a special arrangement of his images along with dante's text. he decides to have each of the $100.00 can toes written on the back of the parchment upside down bound . each image would then appear at the top of the page with the corresponding can say, printed below. thus, it becomes clear. this must be
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a book with the map of hell as cover image, assign length. the likelihood is if you have $102.00 sheets of parchment that need to be in a certain i fixed order in for that it will be bowed. escalate. anything else would actually be a logical of outward and us, as of english, english. in addition to butter jellies, drawings, the binding itself is treasure. this work of art is kept him berlin. the binding is extremely significant to understanding the history of the dante cycle. because it helps trace the path taken by but a chillies work where it travelled, whose hands it passed through. international exhibitions like this one at london's hotel gallery bring, but italy's dante cycle to night read from the covers of books. these drawings never failed to surprise them. he was the unexpected power,
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full of botany. ah, the viewers are absolutely fascinated by don't bother chillies drawings. one of the things that um, i've noticed over and over again is that they, they go up to them and they look very, very closely their drawings that because they're so delicate and so incredibly detailed. but of chelly on the had a very, very deep and strong understanding of, of dante and his drawings. absolutely. barrett the south. he them, he captured the darkness and the horrors of the inferno, just as well as he did, seeing them divine beauty of paradise. mm. when most people think about a child, i think i think of goddesses, i think of angels, i think of this some rather sweet, elegant melancholy beauty. this is a totally on known slide about chelly to most people.
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ah, this is the, the last counter in the inferno where dante, a virtual ritual center, or the center of the earth, the bottom of hell, and they encounter lucifer himself. and he depicted lucifer very unusually on a double page. as a full figure from da da picked up from head to foot. and he's done this so that he can actually show the action the central action of the i'm the, the final counter which is on actually dante and virtual escaping from hell. and they have to do so by climbing all the way down his body. ah, they climb down his body hanging on to his on the shaggy coat. then when they reaches fling, they turn. what looks to us upside down, but they're actually turning upright and they're climbing up toward the surface of the earth in the also direction. and you actually to them heading up toward the surface here. um and of course though, the counter ends with the,
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the very famous line. so we came forth and beheld once again the stars. we have to think ourselves back into the mindset of someone from the 15th century and someone on the 15th century. i'd be willing to that would have almost opposite with her mind. the inferno is profoundly disturbing, but, but a chill. he brings an equally imaginative and some full vision to what comes next. from the inferno he leads us on parchment through purgatory to paradise. except for a few sheets with color, these are mostly just mine drawings often executed in great detail. they are always full of passion. the challenge grows increasingly difficult for the artist. the closer he gets to paradise. all these parchments would drop by hand, and they are artistically highly complex. how long did it take him? ah,
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the world of drawing looks completely different to day. modern technical possibilities have transformed the way artists walk. digital tools enable new creative freedoms, making it easier for artists to respond quickly and flexibly to time pressure and new creative demands with you will, inc, on virtual natural materials, can be used to create images in the style of other epochs. ah, ideas approaches 2nd. so today changes a quick and easy to make. ah, the situation was dramatically difference in button kelly's time lulu most often
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bocelli used a metal stylus to press initial outlines and ideas into the parchment sheets. then he used a metal pen to make delicate bluish colored preliminary drawings, as he decided on his image. ah pussy chilly, then finalized the drawings in ink. he used pure lines, applying great experience and skill a capacity for reflection and the ability to plan an image in his mind was enormously important because parchment was expensive, but actually couldn't just crumple it up and throw it away. he was dissatisfied as the result, some drawings allow us to see the artist changing his mind. we have evidence that he, that he changed his mind about a composition. i'm, for example, in the,
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in the 1st drawing from paradise. ah, he originally drew on the the figures of dante and beatrice, floating out from out of the on the earthly paradise into the 1st fear of heaven. i'm on one side of the sheet and then at some point he decided he actually one of them on the exact opposite of the sheet of the side of the shape. so he turns he turned the sheet a 180 degrees enter the men in inc. and so this was obviously in the finish trying today, but you can still see of kind of ghost mostly figures of dante and beatrice on below them. not all decisions were purely creative at various points in the cycle. it's clear that the undertaking presented button chaney with difficulties supporting good. again, we can assume that body chelly must have worked under pressure during some stages to under time pressure that publicly made corrections he raised. you can also see at some point, sir, kind of acceleration and execution music, what's your name?
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but the work did not go quickly, but actually labored over it for a very long time returning again and again for many years. a policy with you, i mean, didn't renew the dates of the drawings, cover a long period from approximately the year, 1480 to the of 1495. there are scholars who believe the execution of the drawings took place largely in the 14 ninety's, a young northern, others think it took place over an even longer period. smoke is extending up until bought it shall is death in 15 danbrook the shady mitchell pushing the issue we do . we do have over them flat thumb while the child may have worked on some of the drawings over a long period of time. a few of them, we can feel that he had some 2 or 3 different colored inks, which suggest that he did part of the drawing, went away and thought about it came back and another part of it. there are some odd days that the war cur, at a painting guy for a long time. and we, we can think about the don't add to the v g. he paid that the for 20 years are the
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same now paint and then perhaps up already he had the more important commission and so he, he stopping ghost abrego and so for a long time, he didn't finish his one battle. she saw a doing for mitchell. there are 2 very interesting aspect leveled on them the school fast his work on dante took a very long time, wistful little 2nd. this delay caused problem rules, the body jelly. what he showed me the evolution and diversity in florentine arts, including that of the renaissance, a best catalogued in the u. fitzy gallery in florence. today we might think, but it charlie towered over everything the most powerful artist of his time. well, actually at his time, and that is very important, but actually was not such a special ard as he was really one important artist among
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a dozen others. and you can see that from the sistine chapel from the frescos in the lower part of the sistine chapel were water. charlie got one, but then others gallon diode. this workshop i got other sections. so he wasn't even the premis and her power as he was really a one artist among or perhaps a doesn't. great. ok is office time. but italy's star began to fade, his name fell into oblivion and with it, his art and his vision disappeared from view for hundreds of years. ah, another world, another time in the scottish lowlands. unbelievable though it may sound, it was here that after centuries of oblivion, most of bought italy's drawings of the divine comedy reappeared. ah, lennox love is the seat of the duke of hamilton,
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a lovely large castle. but the former seat of hamilton was vastly nadia. a real palace long since destroyed to day, it exists only in photographs along with its imposing size. the legendary hamilton palace was also a kind of treasure chest for art. it was the 10th duke of hamilton, who was fascinated with extraordinary works of art, who amassed this treasure. the 10th kick of hamilton was a very shy man. he was a very proud man. he was very proud of the fact, but he was duke of hamilton, and brandon, he was the premier peer of scotland and he wanted people to really appreciate that he was a very, very, very important individual. and he put together a power house and a treasure house which reflects the importance of himself and his family. and it is an actual fact, a demonstration of his status that you quinn,
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tasif his way to leave a lasting impression on his visit. his so you came in to was very, very fine room. we'll see. and bookcases right around the walls, glaze bookcases, and then you would have perhaps opened or he would have opened one of the glazed bookcases for you. and you would have had a $150.00 titles to choose at. he could have just brought out the great missile of caudle, julia domenici already could have brought out the bottle illustrations. he would have had a wealth of white glove option stung. it was truly embarrassment to which was the duke of hamilton. capt basel kelly's drawings in this binding and captivated view, is that the artists vision, wow, when the codecs under his collection and was and seen by the many guests invited to um, to view his library, it really was a revelation to people bother chilly of himself and his art had them had fallen out of favor long since,
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so he was really being rediscovered. and indeed through the medium of these wonderful drawings here in scotland, centuries later. but italy's drawings could once again be viewed, where did they come from? how did they we surface the reason that the duke is acquiring the water chelly of drawings, his but he has been out of italy from 179122180. 2, acquiring manuscripts, lots and lots a manuscript. he comes back to, to britain. and he is introduced to the leading london bookseller, james edwards, who becomes his mentor, and supplier, and edwards is out in paris and in april of 18 o free. and then when edwards is back, he writes a letter to be the 10th qc saying, but he's just returned from paris where he has spied our manuscripts. i'm at melindez. claudio molina is the 1st person to him,
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but italy's drawing can be traced a handwritten note by marleni and the cover of the most important clues to the question of where they had been all those years. young f. in franklin and stan this states to france at the end of the 18th century and 5th and hold up i so roughly some time between the 1780 news and the early 70 ninety's austin. popular conclusion can be drawn from the papers up here and from the remains of the paper in the folder i, but this is binding replaces an older binding i'm found, and we can't tell where the drawings were before. 5, no one for heaven optician langer, and perhaps they had been in france for some time. i thought perhaps not and vanished was basically we don't know where the drawings were from the time they levy butted shirley's possession until molina collected and lifted them. here in this binding, i'll flip that said the question of who 1st recognized the astonishing,
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artistic value of the body jelly codecs remains unknown. by the late 18th century, at least we know that but charley had largely fallen from view. but 350 years after his death, the time had come, but italy was celebrated once again. the 12th duke disposes of his collection because he had short of cash. so he was embarrassed by the mid 19th century, the name but italy resonated once again. 8 times, but after mid january, $1882.00, the time was carried a brief notice that the duke of hamilton was planning to sell his manuscript collection at auction, which probably in the fall or this manuscript collection was said to contain particularly exquisite pieces including a volume of drawings possibly by the hand of sandra, but to italy, of the divine comedy, the director of the berlin co flushed ish cabinet. littlest lipman was immediately interested. his passionate desire was to acquire these drawings by body chelly,
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for the berlin coat, flushed ish cabinet. the sun and the 2, except on the 26th of october, $8080.00 rosie browns comes in from the pricing of the original auction catalog is converted into a protocol for the handover. the duke of hamilton's astonishing collection of art treasures passed his into berlin's ownership. in late october 18, 82, the hamilton collection is packed into 18 zinc boxes and sent from the english coast to berlin in full separate ships. ah, it was a new journey into the unknown for body chiles. dante sancho, ah, only 85 drawings reached berlin. an additional 7 was separated from the main body
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of work. what is striking is that 3 of those a colored one is the map, a dell inferno, perhaps due to their religious appeal. the 7 drawings found their way to the vatican in rome. but here of all places, they remained undiscovered for a long time. so long mil to saint luke dunked the sea. it was not until 1897 long after the english manuscript had been transferred to berlin. laughing that the art historian yoseph struck obfuscate, was an austrian st, yet noticed that the 7 drawings thought to be from another representation of the divine comedy. oh, we're actually part of the large collection stored in berlin. so luckily, measured about a fading couldn't mean from bitterly either when it was an exceptionally fortunate moment. these, when he realized that they were by bought italy's, okay. and had been extracted from the contacts being will, is that the then called the ship?
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probably one of the most fascinating sheets in berlin, it's coloring makes it in credit, revisit and alive. it looks magnificent and finished. but is it ever since we don't know if this street is finished, because at least one figure is uncolored korea. it's here on the upper left over the hell. mine's to gary on there with my dad. he's described by dante, as the most colorful creature found in hell more colorful than woven oriental fabrics. and yet on this colored sheet, korean is the only creature who is not colored at all. in the map, a dylan fan, no butter jelly provides an indication of gary ins, appearance. but the challenge of depicting the most colorful creature in hell is a daunting one. the other figures are extremely imaginative and vivid. they scream, they fight, they talk. they appear to be moving just as dante does in
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words, but he chelly brings the figures to life in his drawings with the use of light shadow and color. and i had seen a truly dish view. that of course is where the difficulty rose in. gary, how can go re on be made even more vivid, more colorful often by obviously our solution was found, which is why korean is uncolored, a nurse and go from rotten to speaking. scott, young, miss cordelia. it's possible that john though the length of time but it took i'm precluded finishing ups and in, in the sense of probably color again. but it is, it is also possible that some it was to fiber but to the on color drawings. some were beautiful enough in themselves to justify. simply am completing the cycle as a black and white line drawings. she wouldn't be, does anybody think on a drawing shall great variety, connie crystal,
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there are some that are completely filled out and collared alcohol. others are just catches because of that at the we can be sure that the walk was not completed get at will computer rescued from oblivion to day? people flock to see but a chelly. how does he manage to still inspire people to day with aunt that is more than 500 years old? well, it certainly part of the star system of art history that is better, much comparable with famous actors. also let you have the superstars. elbow to charlie is a superstar in our perception pussy teddy thrilled the masses with his unusual imagination, as well as with his portrayals of beauty and femininity. ah, his feminine, ideal and vision of beauty, was always inspired by his muse. in gwinnett of his beauty. she was considered the
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most beautiful woman of the time. but italy's paintings of her, in turn, were considered perfect portraits of her beauty. he fascinated countless artists with them, including leonardo da vinci ah, knew santee, the florentine neighbourhood where, but actually spent much of his life here in the church, just a few meters from via to purchase. diana blazed his final resting place. ah, ah,
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father shelby's work is everywhere, so i don't think there's much chance of him being forgotten for of your associates . he was between his death and the 19th century. these 2 sal bossy kelly would have wanted it. people flocked to his city. they celebrate life and love. they captured beauty. the beauty of the moment for eternity. a kind of paradise. sandra bought a chaney from the city of artists and genius. he immortalized beauty. he gave us his arms. ah . but a chillies original is returned to the temperature controlled chambers that the vatican until the day when we may be able to see it more completely and discover
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even more. oh ah ah ah ah, their importance to the economy is huge. but getting hold of them is often
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a dirty business. critical commodities make us mobile, make our smartphones smart. how can today's global hunger for lithium cobalt and more? the satisfied made in germany in 30 minutes on d. w. into the conflict zone with sebastian. at least 27 migrants the parish in the english channel. will this now force europe to commit to safer migration policy? uber hofstadter in brussel, member of the european parliament on the former prime minister in belgium. what happened to the news, much more value? and what performed in conflict. 90 minutes on d. w. d. w's crime fighters are back africans,
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most successful radio drama series continues this season. the stories focus on hate speech, cholera, prevention, and sustainable charcoal production. all episodes are available online. and of course you can share and discuss on d, w, africa's facebook page, and other social media platforms, crime fighters, tune in. now with that we news line from berlin. justice at last for the victims of jeffrey upstate new york jury fines lane maxwell guilty of helping the late millionaire sexually
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