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tv   The 77 Percent  Deutsche Welle  May 30, 2022 8:30am-9:01am CEST

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an extent with 1500, some changes on preventing money and making, gathering safer tomorrow to do with d. w. a saxophone operator, for her master's thesis on the potato. raring to read a, not the turn on. well, it gets more ridiculous from m. d. w literature list a german must read. hello and welcome to your favorite magazine program. as sure made just for you africa's youth. i am your host edie, mike, a junior, and this is that 77 percent. ah, let's find out what's coming up in aust. recently, be serial unions, fellows,
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housing wants to build the site. never to leave them by wall. uganda, young people struggle, but you don't want the expression on line and will be joining class teaching gown again, girls, physical self defense. ah, i, let's thought of in sierra leone, the country civil war and at 2 decades ago, or the scars remain. however, life must go on and young an old one to leave that dark chapter behind. sometimes dual progress means we visited the past and learning from the mistakes. let's remind ourselves of the civil war and why memories of bit still, aunt sarah unions. child soldiers like diamonds and the breakdown of an entire society. this is what characterized sierra leone 11 years civil war. though it
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ended 20 years ago, the scars of the bloody conflict continue to shape the society in sierra leone to this day. the war started in 1991. when the rebel group revolutionary united front farm to overthrow government that was perceived as weak her up and incapable of running the country over 10000 children, some as young as 5 years were recruited into honored rape abductions, amputation killings, and the destruction of towns and villages. were rampant ah, the rebels find them there to the teeth through the sale of so called blood or conflict diamonds. with the help of burying them, president charles taylor demons were smothered abroad and later sold worldwide. by the time the war ended in 2002, up 270000 people had died. and over 2000000 were displeased.
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an entire generation of youth had been separated from their families. they received little or no education at all, and carried the scars of the war. in the aftermath of the war, sierra leone set up the truth and reconciliation commission for survivors to tell this stories and prevent any future conflict. sierra leonean live in peace today. many say that the underlying cause of the war, such as corruption, poverty, and unemployment remain unresolved. she was a state. the beautiful thing though, is that sarah unions have now lived in peace for 20 years and counting. and there is hope that peace will prevail to move forward and to live a meaningful life. many vocal use in the country, identifying what's wrong with the society and are seeking change either kamani, i'm the 77 percent. the base team caught up with some young civil unions in the capital free town. now the wand, some of the accounts of the war may be upsetting ah,
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hello, and welcome to the 70 to 70 percent. the show for africans you this week. we are in the west african country of sierra leone. and 20 years ago this year, an 11 year brutal civil war came to an end. unfortunately, some of the people who participated in that war lost their loved ones and even lost some of their limbs. what children, 20 years on those children now make a part of the 77 percent and we want to find out from them. what does the world look like for them? so we'll begin to wave mohammed here, tell our viewers what you went through. i was 15 as well. id when to rebel out fact in our town ship. and we went through the voice for 3 months and hours martin through it'll my bid on asked me to go outside and get some fruits throw on my way grading. i stepped out on the land mines so much colors, chopped my leg here. sure. i wasn't a voice for 3 good days. was so,
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i mean that's really, really tough. how do you survive in the bush for 3 days with an amputated leg, which was really tough for me because i was calling you to my hands and my knees. it's about 3. would this i'm really, really sorry to hear about that. unfortunately, it's more terrible news and we're just going to come to you for a 2nd fantasy with because what they're describing is not alien to you either having been an i but also a teenager that time. nor oh well it wasn't, it wasn't actually and i for the fact that i think he was in 1998. i was a child. and then the rebels attacked in kabbalah. where went into the brochure, darla for like 5 days. i think i kept to my mother and then my mother is like, you have to go back and get medication. and, and i went there and i swore, or a family friend. and i went there and i was no way to go back to my mother and he
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was like, you're safe for me. like it's, you know, spend a night. and that was the night that i bought break by him not once or twice. 3 times. i think m m, i was there helpless. i could you nothing about it. okay. well, thank you for sharing that. yes. so let's come to ishmael. please explain to us what happened with you and how you find yourself to be here today alive and well. so when i was about 12 years or the war came into my life, i started running for mit. by the time i was 13, i've been recruited to fight i in the government army. and i fought for nearly 3 years. i lost everything my life, my home, my aspirations long and short of it, i was able to survive to walked in and i was adopted in a family in the united states. so i left our but i carried the burden of the war were to me because i felt guilt for having survived. and by the way ish smells case . and everybody else we've heard from to day their case is there cases or one of
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tens of it's estimated that around 10000 children participated in that war. and the children were talking about a probably not older than the ones who are playing football here. so that gives us a visual, but also very difficult to imagine. i'm mariann, so you were one when the war ended. but your parents obviously who raised you and who gave birth to you were very much, but over this crisis, is this something that you discuss at home openly? has it affected how you were raised it as that affected? a lots of family members that i know directly and what, what we experience is the trauma, the trauma vault. so you would, you would experience that a lot of family members, we are not able to get jobs. the were not able to earn learn skills because the up for mitzi. v is, we are destroyed by the war. let me invite john to this conversation. what do you think is the biggest challenge that the biggest thing that people are still carrying with them from the war world? a biggest thing is to have a conversation added commune to levels. most of the present young generation did
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not expo as the war and for those who experienced awarded or have the space to have that dialogue. so i think part of our challenge as emission is having an ongoing conversation about what went wrong. okay, so let me come back her to fantasy here because we're hearing that on the one hand, not only do the opportunities and the spaces to speak openly. they don't exist, but not speaking about it creates more trauma even for the generations after the fact where one thing we're good at, and sir leon is we moved too fast. and we pretend like what happened yesterday during happen. and as i, you have people like me and a lot of the people that are bottling up, there is a time i become like, so upon i like any sounds good. i'll just like i went into like i was just black out here a ishmael. let me come to you, did you get a chance to get sort of mental health care after the facts?
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oh yes, i did have a little bit of mental psychosocial therapy as they used to call it right after the war. i was not the case for a lot of people. yeah. now what i, what i also want to really address is the fact that if you look at our society, serial you're now a lot of us are broken. can you give me some of those examples? what think about social personal spaces, the way people view women, the way people view relationships. all of those things said this functionalities had existed during the war. and some of the people who inherited that went on to be parents and raise children. they don't know how to pass on those things to them here. i want to hear from mariam. if the education system is also catering to this, you know, as somebody who says, you're facing 2nd generational trauma, is it something that you're taught at school? are you addressing this in your own sort of youth circle as mental health issues right now lots of people, even youths as my age do, frowned around mental health discussions, trauma i'm depression, anxiety,
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they don't want to talk about it. and even i have spoken to some of my colleagues who i study medicine in swelling college of medicine. i will tell you that i don't want to studies and psychology or be a psychiatric because everybody my company to feel, i'm a mad person, i'm working with mad people. so let me ask a question that, you know, it might even sound colors to ask it. but i need to have cyril unions really learnt from the war? no, no, no, no, no. thank you saying everybody says no. everyone is well. you know why? because we pretend like it didn't happen. nobody talk about it. not in school, not in college. not in houses in there, it didn't happen. marian, you, one of the people who said very emphatically, no, we haven't learn all the situations around the wall, all the effects, all the things that lead to the war. i still present. i still have corruption, his hair, utah unemployment, his hair mama, these yeah. and even the fact that we don't talk about it makes it more scary
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because if we don't talk about this, how do we want to move past it? so john, how do we move forward from a situation like this, or what we made is a constructive engagement of young people. let's try to include in the curriculum of schools. the history of the war less drive is not part of the curriculum. it's oh my goodness, it's not taught is schools must have that conversation in the schools or the university to let people go to understand what went wrong. all right? if i could add something to that, there is an adage minister your if you know, not with, are you come what's, you know, will not was, are you to go? if you don't know where you're coming from, you will not know where you going. let know where we've been. what's there? what's behind a body live with and didn't know how to go forward. if not, we'll go back to that. yeah, i think that's a fantastic place to, and it's very rare that on the street debate we dwell on the past. but if there's
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something that has come out very, very clearly today is that in some instances in order to move forward, as fantasy said very clearly, you sometimes have to look back. thank you for watching the sometimes to move forward, you have to look back and learn from what went wrong to not to repeat the mistakes of the past. now, if you loved that beat as much as i did, you can watch the long version and i 77 percent youtube channel. don't forget to share your thoughts with bass the process. now, as we have just established lenin from the past, it creates the desired future is very essential. so we asked you all on facebook, what can the youth do to build the future they want? let's take the 1st comment from full, i'm strong from do our camera and you see if we successfully, cale corruption than all the was what eventually stop. now. continents. that's
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a good one. that then the koran jap mogul patrick in conseula, which is in the democratic republic of congo. you see constitutional reforms, an independent competence, judicial systems, boyd of corruption. well stop this menace. and then a final comment from one get room go. where from peak of valley in kenya, you say, one of the solutions will be for those countries to address the history that way. people are enlightened of the dangers a war, hence avoiding a repetition of that doc part of history. that's just their beautiful well said, all of you, the solutions to africa, the problems lie with all of us together. we can help create the future media f, but that includes being able to speak your mind and express yourself without fear of retribution. one ugandan woman is trying to achieve just that was bel camire
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strives for freedom of expression on the digital front. uganda young people are particularly affected by internet shutdowns and censorship. about the be about to change. if camire gets her way, ah, decided to battery was running, social media instant shuts down is currently dictates as perfect tool against the people on this continent. it's against an upcoming side of young people. what bracing themselves, they can no longer keep quiet. so you want to hold them, you want shut them up, you shut the medium. they're using with your social media. my name is rose bell mulay. i am from uganda. and i am
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a writer and an activist. i am an editor of a platform called african feminism, where i work with african, the young feminists to tell their story and their resistance to different systems. their realities of african women and girls is still appalling in so many different ways that we are still far away from. findings are ways to agenda equal communities on this continent on the internet has top of the break. berry is the long wage board as the ins, and it helps to fund our understanding of the world by exposing us knowledge and connecting us to people who know different things. all experience lead dualities differently,
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that last but he is on the continent have been terrible for us. and in feel when you look around leaders who inspires you, it's very difficult to for an african to point a person in power. who's driving a country to say, i'm inspired by this person because it's we, we've survived dictate the sheaves, man wire interest that he being big mans, providing everybody is switching off the internet when they want, you know, killing whoever is opposing them. i'm saying you have no right to protest, an air your grievances as a nation just went through a very violent alex on and people are being killed or on the streets in compiler. i'm in and having a really addicted to, she'd been living in
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a dictatorship. it can be exhausting, is little if you're vocal, it's not just about you, but as a connective. so nation building is very important, but young people have to be at the front of national building. they have to be respected. we have to respect a de, rusty, gender davis, these sexual minorities. we must respect everybody on this continent. you know what? i agree. africa is the most youth for continent. so young people must be a percentile of nation building. we have to demand the kind of leadership in the future. we want our that means empower in ourselves for the fight ahead. talking about empowerment and fighting. let's visit the gambia to meet our girls of youth, teen reporter, lena gwin, yuba. she takes us to her class where she and other girls, lynn, self defense, the sessions in the gym, give them the tools and confidence to deal with mental, verbal and physical abuse. watch out for those moves though.
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oh, yeah, yeah. well, once again, women and girls can be many forms. one of them is physical violence. my name is linda e when you and i want to tell you about the project in the gambia that helped gulf and woman to be prepared for that 6. let's go see what the see if can for ga, streaming is all about be it was cited in february 2020. and since then over $200.00 women have benefited. these are cameras the national could denita for safe hunts for girls. all the necessary and parliament to a self defense. apart from that, she's a dedicated community and national human rights activists walk the found him. this feeling is this woman. the parts will respond to violence and provide tools for a range of mental, verbal and physical responses with why
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the need for thought defense for women were unfilled, defense, fifths of tooth am given to women. and children that began to be, can always used to be if the escalade situations saw, in fact, having a hand bag full of tools. i women threatened in the gambia. yes, the are we see and hear reports about m women or children being back from a daily basis. so yes, definitely remember for the attend the candidate. so who are this violators who do you think are the violator? most of the attack of all or did move the queen here the the by nicholas i am saul, which is why we give women the federal tools to be able to use when they, in a situation, but not the power of the normal sort of only have as many a more powerful am than the victim or the woman, they attacked him for something as simple as been able to set the boundary and say no, don't follow me. or i don't like the will. if you're touching me. these things are simple, but they are very powerful and lee can lead, receive your life. many
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a woman has undergone this shani asked her to jamie's one of them. she's 14 years old, asked you to said she up there for the shooting to learn self defense. as it, has anyone ever directed violence at you? yes. once i was once backed by a man, he had tried to, i had asked me, but i used my voice and shouted. so people came to help me. sawyer, the sick weapon to avoid violence, basically got funds to set boundaries for yourselves. i think, yell and run. ah, that feeling if this woman departed, choose how to respond when confronted by a violence, i am lena eagle, you before goes of mute in the gambia. don't like women and go play to mail. very well said, i also hope you learned something from the self defense class. because who knows, it may come in handy at our next stop. goma,
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in the democratic republic of congo. go, my board is lowanda and the city is no stranger to conflicts. but it is also the home town of slam artist ben come moon to come on to is ready to show us at town whose residence have learned to live with a constant threat of war. as well as the threat of an active volcano. jumble. hello, what we see here. what my name is, ben. come on to go. no, it's a great honor to welcome you to my city goma, located between the majestic mountaineer, google and lake keeper. it wasn't lucky situated on the border to rhonda goma is the gateway to ethan democratic republic of congo, surrounded by the regions complete. the city attracts both young and old as a place to trade 30 and for those displaced by will the funding home. first up, the poet and political activists then come little shows us come of unique motor transport. think of what it, what you see here is that you could do
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a symbol of the city. good of you, to an honest, a work. the brewery got up the courage of the people of goma who wake up every morning to wake, to look for food, but also to continue to dream self sick. while moses mitchell says he was to continue our rebate. while dreams and resilience prevail, the regional crises haven't left comma unscathed, in 2008, the city itself became the center fighting and even today, armed grief on have a far away from somebody wearing a conflict on their weapons. everywhere people can be shot in the middle of the day or night because we are really a region at war. gorman has been the api sent off several conflicts since 1990. 2. there's a mix of feelings, as well as hope, when having to wake up every day to feel like what you love you. despite the insecurity and difficulties of jenkinson for the city, visit commerce market, angel square for choice. assume they're gonna come here round a big market of the room. this is a central market of goma. so if you visit goma,
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you'll eat fresh beans or you eat potatoes while you eat fish. you're to guar, norco. do some barrels. i or what, what else? i'm or aunt liza la. yeah, cassandra, lisa is not being leaves for we eat everything, hearing goma to all go mom. and you see it's very important part of our life of that women fight, day and night to feed your families and bring a little from movie. little funny, you're gonna on the squalor follow word. and while the regions furniture will conic soil to provide the food will cain, his leaning just outside comments would as have terrorized the cities residence in the past 2 decades. decisions. so. so here again, the neighbourhood of winning, this is nina gumble territory. it is practically where the lava stopped. it
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destroyed many houses and this place proves just how much to pull kennels threatens the city member. in fact, the city is built by the same for kennel the has destroyed it was volcanoes give us the debris and storms swollen with these very stones. good build a city. and while volcanic rock in local would define come as architecture, it's the people then really wants to introduce us to a new source that we are going to our poetry slam sent at lamb. that's where we work, where we exchange ideas with other youths. let's go. this is all i all slum, paula: be all slum po box. darcy, now girl is this law for martinez, said nora county slum or seymour. this to know ashanti. i've been those this block diversity with yahoo. but i thought that was active job. i don't know when this was this law moped them on. you think we'll call. i saw deborah more. this is your new
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all the suv flam key to macau, appropriately. so i will be gone. of good news of living in peace is the biggest gym vs. young people have don't. 0, one day we want to live in a place where we won't be afraid that our father's machine. actually mo mom, so be kills the law. philip radner auto toby, assorted in the streets, era, aggressive allahu, willows. you. we just want a city where we can live and the jacobite, or where people come to see our city look, have been to see the volcano yet, are gone. go to see our mountain correlates into the room. damn good, won't done. don't go silly there. if there's just a dream of the young release, the dream of a youth that just wants to live and have a right to be like ron thank, spend come on to for showing us around. and for highlighting that challenges on dreams of many, that's all, remind ourselves that living in peace across the continent should not just be
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a dream at to reality. as always, we love to hear from you, so don't forget to connect, but us on facebook, youtube, and instagram. that's how we wrap up this addition of the show. we will play you out with a song from ben commune to titled a more push. see, i have eddie micah, julia, thanks for your time. bye for now. with well, this is omitted from ford fulton me. buffy. can the softball, super busy? ah, to who the middle is was ah, ah, ah, ah ah
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ah ah ah ah ah. ah, standing in the crowd, when is he? ah, into in is it dangerous?
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an expense with 1500 janes on preventing money and making gatherings safer. to morrow to day. 30 minutes. d. w. ah, with asia and arctic lovers guide 5 vibrating, asian cities, 5 local artists, ah, in the unique experience of their craft, joins for exclusive master classes. well done about i need to do on the asia starts to 1st on d w. it's not a question of whether the next crisis will come,
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but only when and how the media will deal with it. how can we stay focused on what is important? shaping tomorrow now hopper to movies for media professionals in times of crisis. the global media for june 2020 to your ticket. now we're interested in the global economy, our portfolio d w. business. beyond here, the closer look at the project, our mission to analyze the fight for market dominance. this is where the head with d. w. business beyond with
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this is the w news live from by ukraine says russian forces are close to capturing the city of steve yellow. the next president vladimir zalinski says russian bombs have almost wiped out the city's critical services as he makes his.

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