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tv   ABC 7 News Coronavirus Getting Answers  ABC  April 23, 2020 3:00pm-3:30pm PDT

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>> welcome to our daily special called getting answers. we are asking experts your questions, every day, at 3:00, to get answers for you in real time. today, we have two experts for you. one will talk about masks and face coverings since the majority of the bay area now has them mandated. you got to wear them out in public, especially in certain circumstances. so post your questions on our facebook live stream, youtube live, or check out our instagram stories to submit a question. but, first, let's get to our other expert about privacy and security, as many of us are now working from home or our kids are going to school from home. joining me is the chief technology officer at mcafee and we have a whole lot to cover so thanks for joining us today.
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now, the pandemic is stressful enough for a lot of us. adding to that is the fact that we seem to be seeing a lot of hacks and scams, as a result of everybody, suddenly, working from home or going to school from home. can you talk to us about what you've noticed out there? >> absolutely. so we've seen cybercriminals really take advantage of the fears, as well as all of the situations that are a result of the current global health crisis. every day, we see thousands of domains created for the purpose aac against so, sding o e-mails that point them to coronavirus or covid-19 domains to give information purportedly about healthcare, but it's actually a trick to have them click on a link, download malware, and then very often hold them for ransom or attempt
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to steal sensitive information. and we're seeing this, both from the health side but, also, a lot of scams are really focused on the stimulus. trying to entice people to click on things related to the -- the monetary aspects, as well. >> i have to confess, i fell victim to something myself. it was disguised as a direct message from a trusted source and turned out it was a fake mask-selling website. and of course it was a scam, so it was quickly taken off about a week later. and i thought, wow, usually i'm pretty careful. but do you sen th,t te like this, people can be a little less careful? or let their guards down? or is it just that we are more easily tricked because of how for swers.we arein they're looking for products. you know, they're looking for things like masks and a lot of the sites that they're comfortable going to, your amazons, your targets, your
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walmarts. they're often out of stock. so, therefore, when they do the google search and they see that there are masks on a different site and it says in stock, you know, give them your credit card. they're actually falling victim to that, and it's a big risk because a lot of these sites are, then, very rapidly, selling that information on the dark web. we see that, really, anything is available for sale on the dark web, whether it's credit card s, social secuty numbs,eople really need to have their guard up, at this point in time. >> okay. so how can we watch out for those red flags? what do they look like? >> so one of the key things to do is stay with sites that you know and trust. so when you think about, especially some of the most important aspects of the current situation, like the stimulus elements of the financial crisis, only get information
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from sites that end in dot gov. so the irs, security administration, they have very informative information on how to get your stimulus check, or how to get information on applying for various benefits. if -- if you get either an e-mail or even what we call phishing, which is phone-based fishing, where you get a text from something that claims to be a government agency or another agency to help you get money. be very concerned, and make sure that you're the one initiating any sort of transaction. >> okay. i've certainly gotten texts, as well. like your stimulus check is ready. click on this. and, of course, if they were legit, they would probably never send that, right? >> exactly. >> okay. so i do want to ask you, then, if there is the danger, very real danger, of our information
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getting out there, how can we sort of monitor, you know, what's gotten out? or, you know, hey, is my credit rating affected? if that's happening. how can we monitor that? >> so there's a few things that everybody needs to do. first off, they have to recognize that, as we're all practicing social distancing, working from home, using information aggressively, we really become part of an i.t. department. so we need to make sure that all of our devices are up to date. have security software. and that includes, not only your computers but, things like your home router. so make sure that your firmware is up to date. so that andverry i go and, pote advantage of what we call a vulnerability. in addition to that, as you mentioned, it's critical you monitor all of the places that a cybercriminal might attempt to get access to.
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watch your bank accounts. watch all of your financial statements. anything suspicious on any of those activities. >> okay. i want to talk about the unique risk that comes from everybody, when working at your m home. office, right, you're on this network that you think you have cybersecurity professionals and i.t. people and good threat detection in place. but, suddenly, when you're working at home, can you assume that your company, whatever they're set up for you is, also, still protecting you? >> so what we've seen is companies have really needed to move to a hybrid approach where the companies are able to, still, manage large parts of security, even for the remote workers. but they are, now, reliant on those remote workers doing a lot of things themselves, as well.
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some businesses allow employees to take home company laptops or computers that have o that are well managed. other organizations have turned to letting employees use their own, personal computers for company business. and, in those cases, it's very important that those home pcs are secured, and don't pose an additional risk to the company's viermtd. environment. it's also important that all of the network infrastructure, things like your wireless networks, are up to date and secure. >> all right. steve grobman with mcafee. certainly, an important topic and it's not going to go away anytime soon. the threat that's out there so we hope to keep the conversation going. thanks so much. >> thank you so much. >> we're about to get into another topic that affects just about everybody certainly in the bay area and that is face coverings. what
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we are back with face
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coverings in public, now mandated across most of the bay area. six counties. you probably have lingering questions. so we know just the person to answer those questions. and also to show us two more ways to easily make a mask using stuff you have at home. university of san francisco data scientist and founder of masks for all, jeremy howard, joins us once again. hey, jeremy, good to see you. >> hello there. nice to see you, too. >> i know. i can't wait to get to the mask making because i just think that's so useful for many people. but, first, i would like to clarify for our viewers, under what situations they need to wear a mask now when they're out and about in the bay area. so let's talk about when they're absolutely required. >> yeah. so they're absolutely required, both, legally and practically. they're nicely aligned, which makes it easy. basically, whenever you're out and about, exempt when you're exercising, not when you're at
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home and not when you're in the car with family members or on your own. in those situations, there is no requirement, under the orders, to wear a mask. >> okay. in fact, you just answered jonathan rosenbaum's question. he asked do i need to wear a mask if i am just going to take a walk around the neighborhood? so yt sai it's not necessary, and of course it's not legally required. but should you? i mean, could it be extra beneficial, given what happens when you're exercising? >> you know, i mean, it depends how precautious you want to be. i haven't been able to find any documented cases in the scientific literature of transmission occurring in that situation. transmission outside, in general, is about 20 times less common than transition indoors. and the transition that does tend to occur outside tends to be at things like sports events, mardi gras, sing-alongs, lots of people getting together and making a lot of noise. but, you know, again, if you want to be careful, you may as
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well. particularly, if you're -- if -- if it's not like -- if it's not windy, if you're sitting close to somebody outside for a while. those kinds of situations, you may as well be careful. personally, when i am jogging, i mic su make sure i'm not jogging behind somebody. and of course i try to make sure there's a six-feet distance. so try to wave and navigate with people so we all stay out of each other's way. >> that's right. i do want to ask you because i see a new survey out today that shows 29% of americans refuse to wear a mask when they leave the home. but that does mean two-thirds are now either doing it all the time or open to the idea. do you consider, actually, that's a pretty big shift in attitude in about one month? >> i mean trkit's amazing. i'm australian born, now based in san francisco. honestly, i never thought this would happen in my lifetime. i never used to wear a mask. i never cared about masks, until
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i studied the science around this. and if you had asked me, would people in america be wearing masks, like more than half? i'd be like, no way that's going to happen. but, turns out, when our lives are on the line, we can change our behavior. >> absolutely. and i think there is still some confusion over the purpose of a mask, right? is it that, when we wear one, we're protecting ourselves? or are we protecting others? > well, you set up nice there. so the basic -- the basic mask is largely about protecting other people. here is the thing. when you're breathing in a mask, it actually creates a little, humid atmosphere in that tiny space in front of your mouth and the droplets that come out of of your mouth stay big enough to be captured by the cloth mask so that works really well. that means if you are infected and don't know it, and remember half of infections come from people infected and don't know it, you can protect other people from your possibly infectious droplets by wearing a mask. it helps protect you a bit, as
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well. but not as much because once -- you know, if somebody around you doesn't have a mask on, and they're breathing or talking, the droplets come out and they evaporate. after they evaporate, they become so small, to catch them requires some special tricks which i came to show you if you're interested. >> right. which we can do ourselves with those special tricks because you want to leave the n95s that filter them out for the medical professionals, right? they are most exposed on the front lines. a question from a viewer. she's asking how about shared w well, when we're taking one of those? >> yeah, both legally and practically. so, you know, those workers that are giving you that ride, they are super at risk, right? and you are sitting there in an enclosed space with them. they are seeing lots of people every day. please, keep them protected by wearing a mask, and that is required under the -- the bay area requirements. >> okay. and randy wants to know are masks required to be worn by
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customers in a california state building? now, this is interesting, right, because there are some california state buildings that are not in the counties here that are requiring them. so the state doesn't have a ban. >> right. governor newsom's kind of dropped the ball at this point. a lot of states are requiring masks. both republican and democratic governors are getting behind this important safety issue. for whatever reason, governor newsom is not being as progressive as we usually see on these kinds of issues where -- where not following the science yet. and i really hope to see that change. >> okay. so, basically, if you'rn astatdn t by count order, then you actually don't have to. although, you would say you should. >> as far as i know, there's nothing special protecting state buildings outside of areas like the bay area and santa cruz and other places that are doing it th themselves, despite the governor's inaction. >> what about the continued thought that, look, if you don't wear it right, if you don't wear it correctly, if you're
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all the time. it's actually potentially more harmful for you. >> a lot of people are saying that but my reaction is like, come on, think about it, right? like, if there's virus particles in your mouth, one of two things has happened. either, you're infected, in which case, too late. or somebody infected around you. they're now on your masks and not in your mouth. this is a respiratory disease. you get sick if it goes into your mouth, into your nose, or into your eyes. not onto the top of your mask or even on your hands, right? be a bit careful. take it off from the side. put it in some soapy water. but, at this point, i've studied so many scientific papers, i haven't yet found a single example of transmission through cloth. so it's a speculative issue anyway. certainly, not more risky than the virus going into your face, which is how people get sick. >> you've got me convinced, jeremy. what we are going do in the next
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segment, after a short break, is we're going to mine the gap. >> i call this leveling up your mask. we got to level up our mask. >> sounds good. we'll take a short break on the air. but of course you can continue the
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and we are back with university of san francisco researcher, data scientist, and masks for all founder, jeremy howard. all right, jeremy, we promised folks we're going to take a few quick minutes and show people how to make a face covering. more effective. mine the gap, if you will. so let's go ahead and get to work. >> i love it. mine the gap. i wish i'd invented that. i'm stealing it. it's great. shall we create the gap first? with a gappy one. >> yep. >> so this is my mother-in-law mask. she is a genius, and she's created this lovely mask which, in a default setting, we're going to have the gap. you want to see the gap? >> yes. yes, let me see it. >> i will try and do this without destroying my home
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studio. >> ah, i see. i see. i believe my nose is flatter and, therefore, the gap is smaller. but, yes, i still have one. >> i mean, it 's true. you know, the nose is something i have, and it's a sign of, you know, a great gentleman, i hear. >> it truly is. okay. so what do we do about it? >> aluminum. i would try and use the american aluminum foil. i literally just cut it out and folded it up. you can use a coffee filter. you see how nice and moldable this is? >> yeah. >> so my genius mother-in-law has put this little slip in here for me. now, >> ion. mother-in-law's a genius but she didn't sew one for me. >> yeah. careful. just pop it in here. or else just use tape. >> i'm taping it, like this. >> kwhawhatever you're using, i doesn't matter. and the thing is, this is actually what surgical masks have in. i think they might use something a bit more advanced than foil. but it does the same thing.
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because, now, what i do after i pop this on is i just push. right? >> yep. >> onto my distinguished nose. and, now, it's not perfect but it's a lot better. >> yeah. yeah. okay, i get it. so that's better protection. >> so you want to level up another level? >> i do. >> okay. so an apple engineer, ex-apple engineer, invented this. here are three rubber bands that i've literally, you know, just hooked into each other. >> yep. >> and what i do is i put the middle one down my fingers. >> uh-huh. >> and put it overy -- over the top -- this is really important -- over the top -- that's right -- under the top of your mask. and, then, you can either do, depending how big it is, under your chin or under your moth. >> okay. >> and then behind one ear, and then swap hands. behind the other ear.
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and then what i do is i kind of, like, push the fabric in so that it's like -- squishes. >> what does that do? >> it just means it doesn't fall out. otherwise, i'd kind of have to stick my lip out or get botox or something. >> well, there's nowhere to get it right now, so don't do that. >> fair enough. now, have a look at this. >> okay. oh, yep. i see. now, you have kind of formed a tight seal around the mouth area and the nose area. >> so there's actually very few spots for the air to come in now. and so doctors do a breath test, at this point, to kind of feel when you breathe out, you know, are you feeling air coming out? now, this is actually, you know, it's no n95. and, you know, one key thing, actually, is if
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me has been rude enough not to wear a mask, they can infect me because these nuclei evaporate out, spread in the air. they could come straight through the fabric. >> right. so what do you do? >> what i do to stop that is the genius mother-in-law i mentioned -- thank you, linda -- has created a nice pocket for me here. under an electron microscope looks very, very much, almost the same, as the inner layer of surgical masks. actually, somebody at the national academy of sciences helped me with this and he found the nice, thick, kind of bounty paper towels. just one of them does a 99% good job of stopping the droplets when they come out. and they should do a pretty good ayou,f whavee the cleill other method, which is with the paper towel. >> this is just a piece of that
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magic paper towel that i've got, you know, just staple a rubber band onto each end. >> okay. i'll do it. >> and then get the piece of foil out which, of course, now that i'm on tv, it's not going to come out for me. so get the piece of foil out. here it comes. and pop it -- you know, the nice things about these paper towel these days is they have the fold in the middle. so we can just take the foil, pop it in the middle, like so. okay. and, then, pop it, mold and then over each ear. the only other thing i would say -- >> hey, jeremy, we got to finish this up on our live stream because we are out of time on the air. so the website is, right?, right? >> how about poor fred wilson?
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and we are back. we are able to bring you even more content now. we have this new platform at 3:00 every day. that means we get more from our special correspondent dr. patel. he is part of our coronavirus team of experts. every day, he is going to talk directly to you in a segment we're calling "doctor's note." >> the hospitalized covid-19 patients in the united states was just published. i'm dr. alok patel, and i am going to give you an overview of the important findings in today's doctor note. now, the study from the journal of the american medical association looked at 5,700 patients hospitalized with coronavirus, in new york city, from march 1st to april 4th. now, for all people hospitalized, the most common pre-existing medical conditions were diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. people with diabetes were, also, more likely to wind up in the icu, with kidney disease, or needing a breathing tube. now, 20% of all hospitalized patients died, and this is in
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line with previous estimations. patients needing a mechanical ventilator or a breathing tube had an even higher risk. and almost 88% of them died. now, the researchers also looked at the presenting symptoms people had when they first came to the hospital. and only one-third of them had a fever. and this is surprising because fever is listed as one of the most common symptoms of covid-19. and the other two most-common symptoms patients presented with in this study were fast breathing or needing oxygen. the median age of all hospitalized patients was peoplebo b there were sti a lot ofin that . there weren't any reported deaths in people under the age of 18. new york city, where the study is done, is different than other parts of the country. but these findings support what we already knew about mortality rates and comorbidities being linked to more severe disease
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courses. couple other takeaways from this study is covid 1-19 symptoms ca vary, and it's not just about having a fever. if you have been exposed or you're concerned, it's your best bet to get tested. and if you have any pre-existing medical conditions, especially diabetes, hypertension, or obesity, it's important, possibly even lifesaving, to seek medical care sooner, rather than later. >> well said and that's alok patel. thank you so much for joining us on this new, interactive show. getting answers, we'll be here every day, at 3:00, on air and on live stream, answering your questions. facebook live, youtube live, abc 7 and our app. remember, that's kind of where we are getting the questions we're posing right to our experts. and if we are not getting to you today, if we ran out of time, we'll definitely try to get to you next time. and, of course, our next round of experts, always something new. so "world news tonight" is coming up next. thanks for joining us. have a g w
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weeks before the first reported death. tonight, how long the virus might have gone undetected here in the u.s. in nearly a half dozen cities. what we've now learned. also, president trump speaking just moments ago. as we also learn tonight of a heartbreaking headline here in new york. the infant daughter of a new york city firefighter has died, just five months old. new york state reporting 1,300 hospitalizations per day. 438 deaths in just 24 hours. governor andrew cuomo revealing preliminary results of antibody tests across new york state. and in new york city, as well, what the numbers reveal. how many people may have been exposed to the virus and how many might have some form of


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