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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  January 19, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by wnet : >> sreenivas this edition for saturday, january 19: a presidential announcement, as the partial government shutdown enters its fifth week at day 29. the third annual women's marchta kes place across the country, despite recent controversy. and, in our signature segment, iraqi soldiers: feeling forgotten after fighting forr theicountry. next, on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made ssible by: bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin. the cheryl and philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagelos and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. rosand p. walter.
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barbara hope zuckerberg.nd corporate g is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement pducts. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewee you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, hari sreenivasan. >> sreenivasan: good evening, and thanks for joining us. on the 29th day of the longest-ever federal gent shutdown, president donald trump made an offer to reopen the government, which democrats rejected before n began his speech from the diplomatic reception room in the white house. the president said he would extend protection for immigrants brought to the u.s. as children-- the so-called dreamers-- if congress approve the more than $5 billion he is still demanding to build a the border with mexico. >> to physically secure our
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border, the ncludes $5.7 billion for a stregic rideployment of physical bs, or, a wall. thiss not a 2,000 mile concrete structure from sea to sea. these are steel barriers in high iority locations. >> sreenivasan: joining me now from outside the white house is pbs newshour's white house correspondent, yamiche alcindor. yamiche, the president laid out e says is a reasonable proposal. he didn't do this in consultation with democrats. it's out there. he's talking abo border security, daca, t.p.s., how is this thickly to be received? >> the president is saying young immigrants, and immigrants fleeing natural disasters can stay in the united states ana exree years if he gets what he describes as a steelrd barrier. democrats rejected that idea and rejected it before the president began speaking when is remarkable. nancy pelosiaid his proposal
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is a compilation of several previously rejected initiatives. she said they do not represent a good-faith effort to restore people's lives. i have been talking and emailing with immigrant activists and ey all say the predent is basically bargaining with immigrant families. they're sayi, look, you can keep your children but your grandmother or mother might not be able to come here. at's aig problem worry immigrant activist groups and democrats who think the b president ically saying i will give you all these initiatives i already saiand i didn't and you can have them if you give me what i want. i don't think this will paz the house, becuse speaker nancy pelosi does not want to bring that up for a vote. >> sreenivasan: what about thehi possibility of getting through the senate? it looks like this was done inco ult waigz mitch mcconnell. >> it looks as though mitch mcconnell is behind this proim. the prd said he already talked to mitch mcconnell. that's remarkable, the president was in close contact with
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republicans. vice president pence was in the capitol and talking with republicans last week as the shutdown continued and stretch on. but the big problem here is still e democrats a critical here. before republicans controlled all pats of the government. now he has to-- now the president maz to deal wit a-- cratic deal with a demo controlled house and that is where this will be stopped. immigrant activist groups and democrats are saying the president is basically saying here is an offer i will give you that i know you're not rlly going to want. >> sreenivasan: is there a credibility gap here in the negotiation, people trusting whatother party is going t say and actually do? >> i think there is a big credibilitwaissue here. to read to you what one immigrant activist tested me today. he said of president trump, he is not credible, no o believes him or that he wouldn't change his mind tomorrow. two, his proposals are tempory patches the courts have already given us. it's total b.s. to tie the shutdown to immigrant issues.
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we he people saying this prident doesn't really wan immigrants here. some of the immigrants the aresident is talking abou some of the countries the president said were s-hole countries like haiti, nigeria, where people fled their countries from hurricanes and earthquakes to come to america to try t get a better life. and the president saying, hey, i think you're equal.sh i think that wld all work on this together. and people simply don't believe anm. >> sreenivyamiche alcindor of pbs newshour, our white house correspondent joining us from there todanay, so much. >> thanks. >> sreenivasan: to watch more of president trump's remarks on the humanitarian crisis at thebo.s. er and the government shutdown, visit www.pbs.org/newshour. >> sreenivasan: special counsel robert mueller's office issued a rare statement last night, denying parts of a report in buzzfeed news which statedig inveors have evidence president trump told his former lawyer, michael cohe to lie to congress about a proposed trump
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tower project in moscow. citing two anonymous federal law enforcement sources, buzzfeed also reported that mueller's team "learned about trump's directive for cohen to lie to congress through interviews with multiple witnesses fe trump organization and internal any emails, text message and a cache of other documents"" a spokesman for the special counsel's office said," buzzfeed's description of specific statementto the special counsel's office, and characterization of documents and testimony obtained by this office, regarding michael cohen's congressional testimony are not accurate." in aweet, buzzfeed's editor said, "we stand by our reporting and the soces who informed it, and we urge the special counsel to make clear what he's disputing" in turkey today, republican senator lindsey graham connued to raise concerns about the trump administration's planned withdrawal of u.s. troops from syria. graham met with turkey's president recep tayyip erdogan and other officials yesterday. he told reporters todathat" withdrawal without a plan is chaos," and said "the goal of
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destroying isis is not yet accomplished." the bodies of four amerins killed in syria this week were returned to the united states today. president trump joined the families of the two military service members and twoians at e base early this afternoon for the somber transfer ceremony. army chief warrant officer jonatn farmer. navy chief cryptologic technician shannon kent. scott wiemz-- a civilian ployee of the defense intelligence agency. and, ghadir taher,ho was working as an interpreter were killed in a suicide bombing in northern syria. isis has claimed responsibility for the attack. across the country, women oall ages, nationalities and races turned out today for the annual national women's march. this is the third anniversary oh event which, this year, has been marred by controversy and division. pbs newshour weekend's megan thompson has the story. >> shut down the shutdown. >> reporter: marchers began arriving early this morning in downtown washington, d.c. for the third annual women's marchme people rom all over the
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united states and came with all rnnds of conce >> my biggest concern is the tax cut that was implemented last year. >> i feel as though thathe country has been turned upside down. c's a joke. it's acus. >> i've never felt like our country has been so divisive, and i feel like the discrimination and the bigotry is really on the rise here. >> as a young girl, i want to grow up in a worhaldt is equal, i have equalrt opitiesa males. >> sophie is director of communications for the women's march. >> our message today is really that women are rising up.pe we havet two years organizing, two years training thousands of women across the country in direct action, lobbying, in civic eng and this is the result. you know, we saw-- we saw the result of all of that work inmb no when we elect aid wave of women to congress. >> reporter: the march organizers announced a new federal policy platform calling on congress to act on a variety of issues likeniversal health care, the equal rights amendment
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to the constitution, and ending wa o after kickin at 11 a.m., the marchers paraded down thnnsylvania avenue, past the trump hotel, back to a blocks from the white house. the first woman's march was held in 2017, the day after president trump's inauguration. as many as five million people marched in wasngton, d.c. and in sister marches across the nation, make together largest day protest in u.s. history. this year, the march in d.c. drew significantly smaller crowds. organizers said around 300 other marches were also held across the country from new york to los angeles to phoenix, arizona. controversies have dogged the march organization ove the last year, including allegations of anti-semitism on the part of two of its leaders. many of the marchers who showed up today were disappointedbout the controversy, but said they remain committee to the match's goal. >> it is much, much bigger and more important things to be had
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for this movement than that. >>imented tothake sure o agenda today is black women were included. >> i wish the leadership of the women's march showed support for everyone. >> yes. >> sreenivasan: megan thompson jones us now from washington, w, d.c. megan, we' catching up with you just at the tail end of the march. people are thinning out over ther you had a chance to talk to people. what are they talking about? what is the mood there? over met people from all the country this morning and they came with a broad range of. concer after 2017, the focus was really on the inauguration of the lar, the me too movement ypresident. loomed large. this year there is a broad range of issues. we heard about the president's tax cut, to climate change, to the shutdown, women's health, equal pay, those are on people's minds. but i would may evene generally there's a sense that people just wanted to be here,de ver a reduke butte county to this administration. we heard a lot of people talking
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about just wanting to exercise their right to be out and be politically active and be engaged in their community. >> sreenivasan: for some parts of this year, just the organization of the march itself seemed to fracture a little bit purpose there are some ntroversies by a couple of the members of thegi olorgers. there were different match marches. what's this all about? >> there is allegations of anti-semitism on the part of the two of the leaders of the organization. one of the leaders has appeared with the nation of islam and pressed support for louis farrakhan who has made a lot of anti-semitic comments in the past. and this has led to a lotf controversy. in new york, where you are, ha, there are actually tw competing marching going on. there have been some sort-- some national groups that are not panering with the march th year here in d.c. so we asked the marchers here today if they were paying attention to this, if this was
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something that concerd them, and we heard a range of responses. we spoke to some jewish marchers who said they had friends asked them, "why are you even going to the march?" we talked to som other marchers who said they felt concerned their presence here might convey, you know, a sense of supporting what has been going on, when it doesn't. overall, i would say people feel disappointed that these controversiesk have en away from all these different messages they're trying to convey here today. and a lot of them just said, "you know what? we are going to be here no matter what marching."iv >> srean: all right, megan thompson joining us from washington, d.c. thanks so much for joining us. >> thanks, hari. >> sreenivasan: every nation that has gone to war has its war heroes, and iraq is no exception. an estimated 30,000 iraqi fighters were killed from 2014 to 2017 during the successful
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battle to oust isis, and manymo were wounded. with isis now resurgent in the tiuntry's north, there are more casualties today. but many wounded vr erans and dows feel like they're being treated as anything but he wes. newshokend special correspondent simona foltyn has our story. mo reporter: the city of najaf in iraq's south is shia islam's holiest sites. it houses the shrine of imam ali, the cousin and son-in-ldi of, and, acc to the shia, the rightful successor to the prophet mommed. najaf is also home to the world's largest cemeteli. for shia m, it's an honor to be buried here, particularly for men who gave their lives fighting in the four-year war against isis. busloads arrive daily to visit the graves of loved ones. fawzia kadhum and shuagh kareem are widows. their husbands, khalil and musa, were brothers, both killed while fighting isis. together with other relatives of
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the deceased, the women have come to commemorate their sacrifice. >> ( translated ): we visit the grave once a month. we clean the graves rosewater, we read the qur'an and say prayers. >> ( translated ):tihey paid the te price, their life, in order to defend the religion, ee sect, the nation, and shrines. hopefully, they are in paradise now. >> reporter: the brothers are deemed martyrs, an honorific bestowed on those who fulfill religious commandments, especially muslims who wage jihad against those considered enemies islam. when isis launched its blitzkrieg in 2014, taking vast parts of northern iraq, the country's leading shia cleric, ali al sistani, called on all able-bodied men to defend thr country against the sunni extremist group. tens of thousands of men from iraq's shia south heeded the call. they joined the ranks of the cotry's various security
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forces, including the army; the police; or, in the case of the two brothers, khalil a musa, a paramilitary umbrella group known as the popular mobilization forces, or p.m.f. we joined the family again in their home village of al abassiya, a few miles northeast of najaf pictures of dozens of fallen soldiers line the streets. those left behind struggle to get by. >> ( translated ): he didn't leave us any funds to cover our expenditures. he just responded to the call. >> ( translated ): in the first year and a half after my husband died, we didn't receive anything, not even a pension. >po> er: the government is obliged to pay pensions to families of all deceased soldiers, regardless of the force they fought with. but kadhum says it took several months until the government finally began paying her family of 11 a pension of around $600 per month, equivalent to the salary of a low-level public servant. she says the p.m.f. still owes her a death benefit of around she says she
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desperately needs for repairs to her house. the abbas brigade, the p.m.f. unit her husband fought for, only gave her this plaque to recognize his contributions. >> ( translated ): they didn't really give a damn. they only brought these things,y and then eft. we got nothing. >> reporter: while the families of those who died fighting isis feel neglected, so, too, do soldiers who have been w in the conflict. the war is officially over, but sodiers are still being injured battling an ongoing isis insurgency in the north.h moud hussein was shot in the leg when isis attacked his position. his cousin, who fights in the same p.m.f. unit, tells us he was first sent to a nearby hospital in the northern of qayara and then transferred to one in nearby mosul. it took several days until his commanders finally sent hussein south to this hospital in baghdad. >> ( translated ): because of the delays, my cousin's foot swelle
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they didn't have the right medicine at tsu hospital in l. it was in very bad condition. >> reporter: hussein is recovering at this hospital at baghd dical city. it's considered the biggest and among the best in the country. since baghdad's dedicated military hospital was destroyed in a u.s. airstrike in 2003, many soldiers have been treated iahere, in addition to civ patients. during the height of the c, onflict against ise facility received dozens of injured soldiers per day. the director tells us that casualties exceeded its capacity and financial resources. >> ( translated ): during the war, there was a lack of funds because of the decline in the oil prices. this was in general, not only for our hospital. but the government instructed us very clearly not to collect any money from the military personnel at the same time to exert the maximum effort to treat them despite the large number of patients received. >> reporter: despite that effort, some soldiers belie they're not getting the quality
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of care they need and deserve aftefighting for their country. >> ( translated ): if you want a good doctor, it will be at your own expense. because of the large number of injured, you won't get the right care if you rely on the govyoernment. have to pay to make sure you get well. >> reporter: naseer asi sulaiman was shot in the leg in 2016 during an isis offensive. he says he had to go to a private clinic and paid thousands of dollars for his surgeries. but two years on, sulaiman doeso n't have moneyntinue to p say for private care,he goes to the public hospital at baghdad's medical city. translated ): pull yo toes up. >> ( translated i there's nothng. >> ( translated ): push them forward >> ( translated ): there's no movement there. >> ( translated ): okay. do yougs have feelere? >> ( translated ): no, i don't. >> ( translated ): okay, there's nothing. >> reporter: whether these visits are effective or not, the psoldier must show up asart of a lengthy process that
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determines his degree of disabili, and whether he should return to serve or retire and start collecting his pension. some high ranking members of the security forces alsoay they are getting less care in iraq than they need. rahman abdeljabber was a brigadier general and director of intelligence in diyala province. he says that when he lost both of his legs in an isis attack in 2013, the ministry of interiornt im to germany for rehabilitation. they also supplied him with sophisticated artificial legs that are rarely given to lower- ranking soldiers. but he says he still paid $200,000 for another surgery in australia to ensure he could wear the limbs without pain. >> ( translated ): it's huge money, but the ministry of interior considered it not necessy. >> reporter: abdeljabber exercises several hours per day in a small gym he set up in his yard. he also was able to afford an imported $1,200 device that allowss him to drive hir.
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>> ( translated ): it's very expensive, and the injured lack the finances to buy it. >> reporter: well aware that are less fortunate than he, abdeljabber has started to reach out to injured fighters who struggle to recover, and coaches them on how to build strengerh and me depression. >> ( translated ): these are the first steps he taking after he was injured in a terrorist attack. for yeagrs, he was only sitt in the wheelchair. he wasn't walking at all. i trained him niing simple tees, nothing sophisticated. just by collaborating, weac d this level. >> reporter: but many soldiers need much more than a bit of motivation. one is ali mahdi, shown here before his injury in 2017. ow he spends his days since an isis sniper shot him in the neck during the battle for mosul. the injury has left him almost entirely paralyzed, but mahdi claims that his condition is treatable. >> ( translated ): i just need an eration. theytold me that this treatment is only available in germany,
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america and japan. but in the arab countries, theyn t do anything. >> reporter: the ministry of defense sent mahdi to india for one surgery, during which doctors repaired his fractured vertebrae. he claims that the ministry promised him a second surgery to restore the nerve functions, but it hasn't materialized. a ministry of defense official confiqurmed that mahdi ed further treatment. the official said that the second procedure has been ed for almost a ye because the ministry lacked the ofnds to cope with the large numbeounded. mahdi says his wife left him because of his hsability. alhas left is anger and regret.an >> ( ated ): they just got rid of us. they don't need'se anymore. ita pity that we fought. it's a pity that we went. >> rerter: mahdi's father served in the army in the 1960s. he claims tht the government took much better care of its soldiers back then. >> ( translated ): if one of us got injured, the helicopter came
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to pick him up thin five minutes. they would transfer the injured tthe best hospital in ira but now, there's nothing. >> reporter: mohey calls on the government to give his son the attention he believes he deserves. >> ( translated ): i sent them a beautiful young man to fight. i want my son back. if they leave him like this, they shall be damned. they wouldn't leave him like this if he was their own son. >> reporter: brigadier general yahya rasoul, a spokesman forra iraq's joint otions command, admits that more resources are needed to take care of veterans. a new military hospital to rla the one destroyed during the 2003 u.s.-led invasion has een under construction f years. >>): ( translated e need more efforts to build the military hospital and to precide splized care for injured soldiers.
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i hope that we will once again reach the staniord of internl and arab countries. >> reporter: but more than one year after the war against isis has officially ende and even as soldiers continue to be wounrded battling the ter group's insurrection, iraq's government faces a new set of challenges and spending priorities. the soldiers who secured the peace and their families increasingly fear that they may be forgotten. is >> s "pbs newshour weekend," saturday. >> sreenivasan: a fuel pipeline explosion in mexico last night a killleast 66 people and wounded nearly 100 others. a 50-foot high fireball was ignited after thieves began tapping into a pipeline to steal gasoline. fuel theft has become increasingly common in mexico, and is often controlled by organized crime syndicates thatt see stolen fuel on the
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black market. mexico's president, andres manuel lopez obrador, recently attempted to cut off the thieves supply by shutting off many of the country's pipelines, causing a gasolgeine shorta in 2018, there were more than 13,000 illegal pipeline taps in mex cico. oil thets the country over ts billion per year. parf the midwest were hit by heavy snow last night as a major winter storm makes its way east ross the united states. hundreds of flights were cancled from the dakotas to the great lakes, and drivers were warned to staoff the road the national weather service warns that the storm is lizzly to bring bd conditions, ice and freezing rain to the northeast, a dump more than two feet of snow in parts of the bitter cold tepeeratures are cted to follow on monday.
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>> sreenivasan: join us tomorrow for moren the government utdown. and, we'll have a signature story that highlights innovation and resilience, as e man builds a 3d wheelchair that will inspire you. that's all for this edition of pbs newshour weekend. i'm hari sreenivasan. thanks for watching. have a good night. captioning sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by:
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bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. seton melvin. the cheryl and philip milstein family. dr. p. roy vagel and diana t. vagelos. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing stomized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. be more. pbs.
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hello. i'm greg sherwood. and here in northern cifornia we're used to emergencies or every kind. in recent years we've dealt with severe droht and massive fires and we've learned the painful but necessary lessons out how to prepare. but we all know anotherg emergency is comcause major earthquakes that can strike at any time are centr to our history. we all know another one will hit, and over the nextalf hour we're going to look at the latest science and explain how you can be proactive and protecy yourself ar loved ones. we're going to be talking with our first guest in a few moments, but first we'd like to invite you to support kqed and take a big step in your emergency planning at the same time now, we've got two levels for you to consider. so take a look and then make a pledge at kqed.org/donate or give ua call at 1-800-568-9999.

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