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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 24, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PST

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washiton, i am laura trevelyan. turmoil and confusion in venezuela.e s. renews calls for embattled leader nicolas maduro to side, while russia is backing him to the hilt. the senate votes down twon proposals to rthe u.s. government as furloughed workers are about to miss the second paycheck. dueling er da vinci -- why italy and france are in a standoff over some of leonardo's eatest works 500 years a his death.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on evpublic tion in america and around the globe. the united states has doubled wn on its call for nicolas maduro to step aside and allow for a peaceful transition of power in venezuela. the u.s. secretary of state called mr. maduro's regime illegitimate.u. th, u.k., and leadingin countrieatin america have backed oppositiondoeader juan gó, who declared himself interim president. china and russia are suprorting mr. ma venezuela's economy is in freefall, which has led millions to leave the country. our north america editor jon sopel has this report. jon: last night in caracas, like lot of recent nights in the venezuelan capital, gunfire, tolence, protests against government, a cycle seemingly nomy of end as the e
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this oil-rich country collapses. but there was one crucial difference -- it came after mass rallies as the leader of the national assembly, 35-ar-old juan guaidó, declared himself interim president, as thousandsk too the streets, a move that got immediate backing from the americans and demands that nicolas maduro, who presided over venezuela's economic collapse, step aside. pompeo: the regime of nicolas maduro is illegitite. his regime is morally bankrupt. economically incompetent. and it is profoundly corrupt. in light of these facts, we call on venezuelan security forces to ensurehe protection of interim president guaidó's physical integrity and safety. jon: other latin american countries have followed suit. so, too, canada, and britain as well with the foreign cretary in washington. >> this regime has done untold damage to the people of venezuela.
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the people -- 10% of that population have left venezuela, such is the misery they are suffering. jon: but in venezuela, defiance from the president. pres. maduro: i think there is no doubt in the world thatse donald trump h wants to impose a de facto government, unconstitutional, a coup d'état against people and dcy. ere is no doubt. jon: russia, a long-standing ally and supplier of weaponry and economic assistance to the venezuelan government, has warned of dire consequences u.s. intervenes. >> it is another flagrant interference into international affa as you know, there have been several attempts to oust maduro from power, including attempts his physical liquidation. jon: the president's national security adviser was asked why single out venezuela when there are plentyf other dictators donald trump doesn't do anything about. c the answe that america has
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a responsibility, it is in theih hemisphere, an is an issue that donald trump cares deeply about. new sanctions will be targeted at venezuela's oil industry. donald trump says no option is off the table, including a military one. he has made his statement of intent. the world wahes to see how america's commander-in-chief follows through. ngn sopel, bbc news, washin. laura: for more on the political upheaval inside venezuela i spoke a short time ago to our venezuela correspondent who is in caracas. i started by asking what the mood was tonight. reporter: well, there is a general view that yesterday hmight have been toric day for the country.te the day it seems to be a mood between hope and opcertainty. some venezuelansthat this is the first step for a better future, but some are rather more skeptical and fear that this
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will lead to new bloodshed, which this country's history is rife with. laura: how iortant is it for president maduro that he retains the support of the military who helped him put down the last uprising? guillermo: well, the military thisbecome crucial i country, and it has been like this for years. this country has a long tradition of coup d'états, and the current regime, current political system, the bolivar revolution was founded by hugo chavez. nicolas maduro is his suessor. d this context he has faced a lot of problems e problems are getting worse and worse. he has faced economic crisis. it has turned a lot of people angry. lyhe has faced an increasi international isolation. it seems that the brass could be
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his last line of life, that is one of the reasons that juan guaidó i calling consistently to the armed force to support the people of venezuela's efforts for what he describes as democratic restoration in nezuela. lmora: that was guillermo o reporting from caracas. today the u.s. senate voted ons two pl end the partial government shutdown, but both failed to get the support they needed. on day 34 of the stalemate, the re are some signs of movement. republican majority mitch mcconnell and democratic senator chuck schumer had talks tonight, and the white house said it could consider a deal to reopen the government if there is a large down payment on the wall. here with monday's -- me on this is ron christie, former adviser to president george w. bush. talking to reporters tonight, the president said he would not be happy with a short-term deal to reopen the government without
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a wall, but if there is a down payment he would consider it. ron:hathe democrats want to do is reopen the government now and negotiate until february it will give them time to about what security but get those federal workers back to work and get them paid. rein order for thedent to act u. -- acquiesced with the democrats, the figure has to be $3 billion. the president is asking for $5.7 billion a to give at least $3 billion for him to sit down and negotiate. laa: republicans are controlling the senate but democrats got more votes for their bill to reopen the government, even though that failed, too. is he in a big hole politically? ron: i think he is. six republicans decided to break ranks with the pnt. why? they are feeling pressure from home. you have a lot of federal orployees in alaska and co and the plains states saying, what are you people doing in washington, d.c.?
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we need to get back to work. i would look for democrats in the senate to say that we peeled off at least six republicans, we can get more. laura: the president talked about an invasion happening at the border and says that drones woe't do it. emocrats talk about giving him more money for border security and a smart wall, is that going to do it? ron: i don't think it will for the democrats talking to -- democrats talk about advanced electronic surveillance, drones. republicans want a physical barrier. we don't know what the wall looks like, but the president wants of physical structure rather than something people can see. laura: you have a good political nose. yo that tomorrow people will miss their second paycheck. there is pressure to print out this. -- end is full to the republican governor of maryland said, it is r-like 2-yd are doing. ron: it really is. people -- the reason people
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don't like washington, d.c., is iney don't see their elected representatives gethe job done. once the second round of paychecks don't go out, look at the political heat to intensify on these people. laura: the prechdent rather acteristically seemed to be spoiling for a fight with nancy pelosi over the state of the union but then conceded he cannot hold it in the house chamber while the government is shut. do you think he is thinkwhg again aboue he has got himself to? ron: he has to. the state of the union h to have the president in the house chamber. you can on -- you cannot have him having a political ra by. he's in the chamber, and i think he recognizes that from the historical standpoint that the longer this goes on that he doesn't advise for the state of the union, he looks impotent.nd laura: ron christie, thank you for joining us. ron: good to see you. laura: tomorrow hundreds of of federal workers will miss a paycheck, but the atimpact goes deeper than
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ins and restaurants federal buildings rely on customers to keep them afloat, but they are suffering, too. take a cafe in kansas. rajini vaidyanathan spoke to the owner about the pain of the last y month and how the commun helping out. >> our building is 30% federal offices including fbi, secret service, department ofarustice. thesfurloughed. if they are not rking, they are not eating at our restaurants, and if they are not eating here, our bottom line has gone down, 30 and evenne day 50%. same days last year. rajini: so even though we are leone million fromsh gton, d.c., where lots of government workers are employed in the area, you are feeling the impact. >> absolutely. people hear e 800,000 government workers number, but that ds not address the fact that for every one of those were -- workers who is in shopping, -- who i't shopping, dining out, going to the movies,
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buying a car, everyone who owns businesses that serves these people, we are feeling the hit, too. the staff has really been hit hardest by it, because i have had to cutours, drastically for some of them. rajini: h are you getting by in this difficult time? >> there is a little bit of good news to the story. the people of wichita are starting to rally around this, and they are starting to come in and eat lunch here and say wee here to save the café. they are coming in with articles from the papers saying "we heard you were having some problems and we are here to support you." i think this is already that people can feel like they are doing somethg to help the situation. that is clearly too big for us to solve. rajini: what is your message to the politicians in washington, dc? >> my message is open the governnt, get people out there
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boosting the economy, get the money flowing again to all the mom-and-pop shops like o all the other businesses, and once it is open, then have your discussion. ke the pressure off of the country, take the pressure off u and then have your discussion while everyone is not being hurt by it. laura: cynthia wilson in kansas on the impact of the shutdown on her business. hasther news from italy been ordered to pay more than $18,000 to u.s. citizen amanda knox. she spent years in prison for murder but was acquitted after years of retrials and appeals. the european court of human rights agreed that her rightsen were violated she was first arrested and not given accs to a lawyer or interpreter. the doomsday clock is to remain at two minutes to midnight for the se say that the major.
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existential threats of nuclear weapons d climate change leave the world dangerously close to an apocalypse. chinese telecoms giant huawei wants to become the world's largest seller of smartphones this year after recordales in 2018. but despite global concerns over links to the chinese government and spying accusations, the company claims it is fl e from politifluence. china correspondentepohn sudworthorts from beijing. john: huawei was shong off its new 5g network technology. but something else was on display, sheer ambition. the company aims to be the world's biggest smartphone vendor by next year at the latest. >> consumer sales have brought b us tgest revenue source for huawei.t
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for the firs time, the sale of our smartphones exceeded 200 million units. john: of course, huawei's success depends ultimately on it winning e trust of government, so it is remarkable perhaps that there has been a huge political storm thcompany now finds itself in the middle of. amid mounting concern that huawei's overseas networks might be used by chinaor spying, the company's cfo and daughter of the founder, meng wanzho was arrested in canada last month. china says the u.s. extraditione est over allegations of breaching sanctions on iran is politically motivated. the same charge, though, is leveled at china for its bsequent detention of two canadian citizens, an academic and a businessman.
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journalists were allowed to speak to a senior huawei executive, but not on camera, and ev hardly forthcoming.was when i asked whether its insistence that its independence of the chinese government is being undermined by the fourth -- fourth right diplomacy on its behalf as all of the detention of two canadian citizens here, reply.mment" came th huawei was putting a brave face on it today. the message, business as usual. the political questions, though, unlikely to go away. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. chlaura: you are wg "bbc world news america."e still to comon tonight'sph program, froones to cars to thermostats, smart devices have enhanced our connectivity, but at what cost? an author explains how to retain humanity in our digital future.
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the surge has ended for premier ague footballer emiliano sala and his pilot aftenitheir plane ed over the english channel monday evening. they are on their way from an to cardiff. reporter: the family has questions about what happened, but today, emiliano sala's sister wanted to focus on efforts to find her brother and the pilot. >> emiliano, my brother, he is a fighter. reporter: emiliano sala signed with cardiff over the weekend but he has been missing since monday night along with david ibbotson, who was piloting the light aircraft which disappeared er the islands. an extensive sharch operation been carried out, but this afternoon a decision to call off the rescue effort was taken. >> that decision has been difficult, as you can imagine, not least because there are a huge number of people both here
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in the uk and inrance who have been involved in the search over the last three days. reporter: the 28-year-old striker had played for the french club. today the captain said the eam weren't giving up hope. >> we ask you to stand in solidarity with us, to beed unand to respect the family, who absolutely refuse to grieve and continue to believe. reporter: but the conditions an terrain where ane went missing have led rescuers to say any chance of the pair surviving was remote. we have heard that the search for your brother has been called off. what is your message at this stage? >> i am asking you, please don't stop looking for them. three days and i've still got hope they are alive. it is terrible. reporter: she only arrived in south wales from argentina last t.ni she told us she hopes to go to
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the islands were her brothea was last from. laura: technology has overtaken our world. from the apps on our phone to the robots in our home, it is convenient, but at wha? a new book argues that since the economy prioritizes profit above all, it leads to digital platforms that dehumanize the world. " and aalled "team human, short author, douglas rushkoff. i am not an enemy of technology, but technology will do whatever we code it for. those of us involvede early internet days in the late 1980's and early 1990's, we thought we would program
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technology to expand human potential and create newon connecbetween people. now companies have to earn so much money for their shareholders and ctvestors, most of them have turned towards extg value from people any way they can. laura: what really struck a chord with me in your book was the idea that we have he human connection. i was horrified toearn that i spent more than four hours a day on my phone. what is is doing to us? douglas: in some ways it is making us trust one another less. if you have a skype call with somebody and the person agrees with you and you know ed withctually they ag me, but because you are not with pupilsyou don't see thei getting larger and you don't see the micro motions of their head. your body does not feel the agreement. the of the chosen -- the oxytocin doesn't go through your blood. cayour turn off the phon and you think, "they didn't really agree with me, did they?" snu don't blame the technology -- your body do't know from tech.
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you blame the other person. laura: you say we can reassert our human coection. how? douglas: most simply it is by strengthening human connections in real life. if we undersnd what it is like to sit with another person and breezeith that person and establish rapport -- my poor students every year in the college class i teach, there is more students coming to me with a note saying "theoctor says i don't have to stand in front of the room because i get nervous standing and presenting for other people." we need to reassess and retrieve those basic human interpersonal skills, and that will make us more resilient when we arefl ping through twitter and see some angry confrontation. we won't go up in arms. we will pause and say maybeet before iet, i will realize that i i'm not there and i don't know what this is really saying. this platform is noteered to bring me reality. it is engineered to get me to click. laura: and yet we are told that
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the future is all about artificial intelligence, that we are ing to get more and more of this tech. is the future inevitable? douglas: the future is inevitable, bunot that future. it's funny, when i talked to most of these tech billionaires, they want to know what future to bet on. what is going to happen so i can place my money there. i tried to tell them, you are ch billionaires, you can create the future you want. you could -- and many of them d -- w build your bunker because you are afraid of what is going to happen.es most of folks are trying to earn enough money to insulat themselves fe world they are afraid they are creating behind them. but i am trying to argue his rather than trying to earn 100x or 1000 times the amount they have put in, what thak could do istechnologies that serve people. laura: douglas rushkoff, thank you so much, and i will try to spend less than four hours a day on my phone. appreciate that very much.
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500 years after his death, and leonardo da vinci still dazzles us with his masterpieces. but his legendary works of art has become the subject of a diplomatic dispute. italy has refused to lend france some of his works for a majorex bition in paris. our italy correspondent james reynolds reports from florence. james: take as much time as you need in front of each of thesedo early leonaintings on display in florence. they will not be going on tour to join the "mona lisa" on the louvre in paris. you would think there would be enough leonardo works to go around to keep everyone happy. buthat is not how this argument is playing out. the artist is now essentially the subject of an international custody dispute. the gallery says that the works are too fragile to be moved. >> any travel puts works of art at risk.
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there are sophisticated ways of having paintings travel nowadays.r, howeothing is as safe as keeping them where they are. james: but there is much more to it than simple conservation. right now populace-led -- italy anded liberal-run france don't get along. italy accuses ance are trying to hijack leonardo for itself. >> leonardo belongs to the world. if you ask me where he is from, he is italian.n he was an italnius. the fact that he was surrounded by all of this italian beauty, his environment allowed hindto growecome what he is now. james: but france, custodian ofh artist's most famous work, feels no need for history lessons from italy.
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>> what a revelation. yes, leonardo is italian. but he has chosen freely to come in france and to live in this country during several years, and he conceived many great projec. leonardo is italian, but at the same time he was french. he was eopean. james: a divided continent now prepares to mark the 500th o's death,y of leona the renaissance symbol who once dreamed of flight now grounded a nationalistic debate. james reynolds, bbc news, florence. laura: the battle for leonardo's legacy. h remember, you can find mre on that story and all of the day's news on our website.
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to see what we are working on at anytime, check us out on twitter. i would love to hear from you. i am laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical vids are designed to work around youryoifestyle, so can swipe your way through the news of the y and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you catrust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. .>> what are you doing? >> possibilities your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a teste in the u.s. se dueling bills fail to open the government as airline workers offer a dire warning: the tyutdown is threatening sa in the skies. then, an uncertain road ahead for american truckers. we ride along for the story of one long haul driver as his profession approaches a turning point. plus, a prisoner in iran for 544 days. i sit down with "washington post" journalist jasoncuezaian about nting his captivity in a new book. >> it was such a huge relief to get on that plane and lift off and leave iranian airspace. but it was also enormous loss for both of us. so younow i'm still riddled with mixed emotions about the

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