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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 28, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable ♪m >> i'flying! ♪ou >> stay curis.
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♪ [applause] >> and now,bbc world news." jane: this is bc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. rationump admini announces sanctions on venezuela's state-owned oil company, dealing another bw to nicolas maduro. the chinese company huawei and several of its subsidiaries are accused of bank fraud and conspiring to steal trade secrets by the department of justice.e and a fragilase-fire in yemen, but for many, the pain only grows. we report from the center of the crisis. >> even if ts imperfect truce doesn't hold, people fear that the suffering will get so much worse.
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-- artrt and paul takes eand politics collide in jungle. a british play arrives in ameica with a strong messag about migration. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the trump administration has announced sanctions against lenezuela's state-owned oi company. appearing at the white house, the national security advisor and treasury secretary said the move would protect valuable assets for the venezuelan people. they also reiterated support for juan guaidó, who declared himself interim president last week and is locked in a power struggle with nicolas maduro. earlier i was joined from th white house by our north america editor jon sopel, who was in today's briefing. tat are the sanctions goi do? jon: well, if you look at
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venezuelan oil exports, the last rigors i saw showed that 41% of their oil exports came to the united states. effect, steven mnuchin, the treasury secretary, has more or less said they will stop now. they will have to close bank accounts. that will have a huge impact on the venezuelan economy, the state-owned oil industry. what you are seeing america doing is this concerted move --h e has not been a briefing at the white house for over a month. today they came, the treasury secretary, the national security adviser, to say that we are turning up the heat on the maduro government. they must make waóor juan guai, the person they want to take over. he is currely recognized as e interim president. the americans are increasing the pressure. jane: you asked them whether or not the sanctions were having any effect and whether we were seeing cracks in the military. at was their reaction? jon: wl, i also asked about whether they had noticed there
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s any russian involvemen because the venezuelans have a lot of russian military equipment. that part of my question was sidestepped by the national security advisor, john bolton. but he did say that he thought their intelligence was that at the lower levels of th venezuelan military and the middle ranking officer lev, there is a lot of support for guaidó, but what they don't know is whether the generals surround nicolas maduro will crack and move over. that is what they are hoping for so that there can be this peaceful transition. but americans are warning there could be very serious i consequencjuan guaidó is harmed or if any american personnel in venezuela are harmed. what would that mean? all john bolton would say is quote the president and say that all options are on the table. they are rattling a very big stick at venezuela at the moment. jane: jon sopel, thanks very much for that. in a second move by the u.s. government today, the department of justice has uealed to
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indictments -- two indictments against the chinese company huawei and several subcudiaries. the tions include everything from bank and wire fraud to conspiring to steal trade secrets. here was the fbi director christopher wray. mr. wray: both sets of chargesex se huawei's brazen and persistent actions to exploit american companies and financial institutions and to threaten thd freeair global marketplace. jane: joining us with more on these charges is the bbc's rajini vaidyanathan. what is in these indictments? what is awei specifically accused of? rajini: there are two sets of charges. the first one accuses huawei of stealing trade secrets, relating to a robot which was used by t-mobile to develop mobile phone technology. this indictment cuses huawei secretly photographing this
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robot, finding that how it made, and even stealing a piece of it. jane:es iran featn the charges? rajini: 13 counts relating to huawei's operations in iran. violating huawei of sanctions laws by operating der a shadow company called skycom and that u.s. banks did transactions with skycom, not realizing that huawei had t s it accuses huawei of trying t conceal information, lying to the authorities, and fly tnesses back to china so they couldn't be interviewed. jane: what impact of the charges likely to have on u.s. and chinese relations? rajini: i will read you will quote that stuck out from the news conference. it goes on to talk about the influence that the chinese government holds over huawei, and that icrucial because this in many ways is the u.s. flexing
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its muscles over china and using huawein is matter. we havehi laterweek on wednesday and thursday a delegation of trade officials who are coming over from china to discuss trade with u.s. officials here. that is crucial because there has been a 60-date agreement between the two countries to come to some kind of understanding after a tit-for-tat trade war that has been g jane: what has chi's reaction this been so far? rajini: so far through about this they have disputed all of these allegations against huawei , and most notably as well they meng, who is being held in canada at the moment -- she is a cfo of huawei -- is innocent as well. they have resisted moves for her to be extradited to the united states, b today another big announcement is that authorities have e begradition hearings against meng wanzhou, the cfo of huawei. house'se white
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reaction? hin the past itas not been happy when these charges, adequate potential. rajini: nothing in the last hour,t but the effort presid trump in the last few weeks that at intot not take huawei considn, this incident, that he might put it to one side. that has aest concerned that he might ignore this. -- that has aroused concerned that he might ignore this, just so he can result from differences. jane: rajini vaidyanathan, thank you for joining me. yemen has suffered a devastatinh civil war th 20 country apart -- torn the country apart. we have shown you the consequences with young children theti v of starvation and airstrikes. there was hopeas that a fire would allow support through the vital port city wt in the last two days aheat storage facility has come under
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fire. lyse doucet has been given rare access to yemen. she h traveled to hodeida to meet the people there. a warng, her report contains upsetting images. lyse: along the red sea coast, over the arabian peninsula, we te traveling with forces saudi-led coalition towards hodeida. a crucial corner in a wider war, a fragile tre in force here. there is still therackle of gunfire on the eastern edge of the city. these battle-scarred mills are at the front line for yemen'smy nd its allies. we are told this is as far as we can safely go. houthi positions are less than a mile from here. they control the heart of hodeida. these images were filmed for us. the coition's blistering airstrikes have stopped, but some still don't feel safe.
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>> that is what we've been hearing, the cease-fire, but we castill hear firing. there is no cease-fire. theris no security anywhere. we rely on god for help. lyse: on the oer side, a government field hospital south of hodeida. far fewer casualties now, but a lot of pain. a 20-year-old had just beensi ing at home. a sniper's bullet skimmed her head. it could have takeher life. were killed.ldren right into our house. real living war. -- we are living in war. lyse: no truce? guns are firing -- this is what everyone tells us. no truce. but even if this imperfect truce doesn't hold, peop fear that even this suffering will again
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get so mucworse. a five-month-old, her name means "light." she can hardly see. she lost an eye to iection. so severely malnourished, she barely looks like a baby. mistake theyere have done to be in the situatio to live like other people in the world. t unfortunately came in an normal time, abnormal situation. lyse: these are the children of hodeida. their families fled the front lines. precarious lives, lien, in desperate need of peace. lyda doucet, bbc news, hodei ja: another reminder of the stress in yemen.
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quick reminder of the day's other news. a prominent human rights lawyer in china has been ntenced to 4.5 years in prison for subversion. he had been defending political campaigners. he has already spent more than three years in detention after he was arrested during a crackdown in 2015. an art museum in moscow hasng stened security after a man unhooked a painting and walked out with it under his arm. interior ministry says t 31-year-old suspect has since been arrested following the theft. the canvas was recovered from a nearby building site. a fully functional 3-d-printed eltric motorbike has been unveiled. itas created by the manufacturer of big rep and took three days to create at a cost of $2600. apart from electrical components, everything on the bike is made from 3-d-printed parts. it is not currently available on thearket. the u.s. special envoy for
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afghanistan says a broad framework has been agreed for a peace deal with the taliban. zalmay khalilzad says both sider trying to flesh out the plan, which includes a cease-fire and the withdrawal of foreign troops. but after six days of discussions, hurdles remain. for more on the peace i spoke to afghanistan's former ambassador to f.nce and cana how big a breakthrough is this? >> definitely progress in what mr. khalilzad has been trying to do by talking to the taliban for many hours in doha. but there is a lot more that needs to be done. it is a step in the right direction. there is somewhat of a framework that needs to be worked with. the framework includes very important components that have to do with the cease-fire, that has towi d prisoner exchange, that have to do with the withdrawal of american tr-- natps from afghanistan,
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and inter-afghan talks on trying to figure out what the next stage will be politically speaking for afghanistan. ne: what do you see as t biggest stumbling block? omar: right now i think mr' khalilzhad'goal is to convince kabul, the overall political structure in kabul, to come on the same page and agree on the next step in terms of sitting around the table with the taliban. e taliban have said they are not willing to sit down with the afghan government, but if the government can be part of a larg structure that includes -- that can sit-down with the taliban and not have the logo of the government on it, maybe that could be a breakthrough. but it also depends on what the agenda would be at the table. jane: if the u.s. withdraws anoops as part of the deal, what is to stop the talrom reneging on its side of the bargain? omar: there is a lot ofs
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questi that, a lot of loose ends, things being worked on. i think there may be agreement on certain terms. what is very important is to make sure that afghanistan does not revert back to vio that other terrorist groups do not take advantage of some kind of vacuu that they are guarantees and assurances that not only thealiban and ties to terrorist groups but any interim period or transitional period, security would be guaranteed, a ed, and that afghan civilians would not be attacked. the taliban have their own concerns. t ere are a lot of issues, there are issues tve to do with the future, political as well as the security front. jane: after 17 years of conflict, do you think this is a successful outcome?
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omar: it is the first serious outcome -- as i said, progress in the right direction, progress that involves the united states and involves other stakeholders. the only missing link right now are the afghans, who are part of the post-9/11 structure that was built. they need to be incorporated so the process can move forward jane: thank you very much for joining me. you are watching "c world news america." still to come on tonight's program, the internet has certainly changed our lives, but network revolutions arnothing new. we look at other major disruptions and what might be next. ickens could one day offer a cost-effective way of producing treat people wi cancer or arthritis. alresearchers have genet modified chickens to produce human proteins in their adsop they say devg the drugs
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this way could be 10 times cheaper than currentnuethods of macturing. ghoshoetsch -- pallab reports. pallab:'s chickens are no ordinary chickens. they ken lay bigs containing -- they can lay eggs that contain anticancer drugs. it is between 10 and 100 times eaper for the chickens to lay drugs that for pharmaceutical comedies to manufacture them. , you you want more eggs need more birds. awe hav cockrell and he can produce many in a short time. hens in t period. pallab: one dose of the drug can be extracted from three eggs, and a chicken ken lay up to 300 yea. it will take between 10 and 20 years before the medicines
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become available for patients. the eggs aren't for eating. the vital drugs are extracted, purified, and packaged as medicines. jane: in the past, making these animals has been very inefficient, very expensive and difficult. what we have done is found a method that makes it a lot faster and more efficient. now with the advent of gene iteding, we will make it better. pallab:a new generation of chickensld crovide a cheaper way of making vital life-saving drugs. researchers believe they can chicks to scale them commerciall jane: we live in the era of google, facebook, and twitter.
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handwritten letters and landmines are unfortunately ways of the past. explains how previous revolutions created the society weive in today. for more, i was joined earlier wheeler,thor, tom former head of the federal communications commission. what in history could possibly .ompare with google? tom: oh, my goodne let's start with the printing press. gavere us thrmation, the 30-year war, and allowed the renaissance to take off. the railroad was the first high-speed network and it gaveus us the iial revolution.s the telegraph the first electronic revolution and it led to the telephone and the connectivity that became the internet. what we need to thint is that yes, we are living through a time of great change but we ived to put it into perspe jane: but the speed of the internet -- surely that makes it completely different. tom: it s 400 years between
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gutenberg and the next network revolution, the railroad. it was enabled by the fact that people were reading and trading ideas. it was then about half that period until we got onto today and the kind of challenges that we are facing now. e d so, yes, as network speed increases, the r change increases. what we have been losing is we have been losing the time buffer that gave us an opportunity tos adjust to whating on. but the point of the matter is that throughout histow you vedeal with things -- you wo choices, you can run away from them, flee, or you can confront them and s these are the new realities we face, let's deal with it. that is the challenge we face. jane: what lessons from history will help us do that? tom: the first one is to step up and recognize the change.
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what i tried to do when i was chairman of the federa communications commission s to say that we are living in this kind of time, how do the rules need to change? we had a set of rules thatpe deveduring the industrial era as a result of the railroad and the telegraph and made that era work. they don't necessarily work anymore in the internet era. what are the new rules we needed w make the internet era work? jane: i suppose work that out, something new is going to come along. what will be next? tom: well, i hope something new comes along. we will be talng about the next generation of the internet, artifial intelligence, blockchain. to tie in with your last story, what will override everything is the whole issue of cybersecurity, becse for as long as mankind has been around, networks have been -- i don't care whether it was an animal
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path or a road or a waterway, they were vectors for attacks. when we are living in the 21st century, when the most powerful network of the 21st century is the internet, why should we be lssurprised that it isan attack vector? how challenge becomes how do we get in front of thns rather than ntly playing catch-up. jane: very briefly, will we get to the point where iot worth it? tom: of course not, no. there is the challenge of change and it begins with ang the change, embracing it. jane: you can do that' tom: yes, ma'. jane: not sure i can. e.m, thank you for joining tom: thank you, jane. jane: the junglwas a sprawling grant camp in france that became a flashpogrt for the imion debate. the british play of the same
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name is now playing in the u.s. as nada tawfik reports from new york, getting the production of the ground ran into its own controversy wh it ran into president trump's travel ban. nada: "the jungle" draws inspiration from the realist stories of migrants in calais who hope to reach the united kidom. it is an immersive production. n set in the afgharestaurant that was at the heart of the camp. the play is showing in the united states at a time when the country itself is bitterlyov divide the treatment of migrants. many of the cast are themselves refugees, those like one fromfr sudan and on syria who were ultimately granted asylum in the u.k. >> this play "the jungle" is more of a play to be experienced than to be watched. >> i don't know if i want the audience to leave with conclusions. it is just important to ask the questions.
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what can we do? who are we? is it a question about politics? is it about these borders that are made by us? or is it about the land, theod the gatherings, the stories the love? , >> by november in the jungle i could walk from sudan to s palestine toia. a pakistani country on oxford street. nada: he almost didn't make it to new york. he is one of three cast members caug up in the trump administration's travel ban. celebrities such as sting lobbied the u.s. government on their behalf. he was able to travel after british authorities expedited >>s citizenship. 'm so privileged to meet these incredibly welcoming and generous people every day who come to us and say "we are so happy you are here." >> i did it in london, i did it
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in paris. nada: muhammad escaped violence in sudan and was a resident ofhe the junglehe was discovered by the play's writers. he would sing and play the dms at the makeshift theater, which has been replicated here. he stayed after successfully -- until successfully reaching the u.k. by hiding in a lorry. >> i want the auence to think about humanity, about migrants, other migrants who left thr countries, about us as human beings. nada: at a time whenhe debate over migration is focused on building walls, "the jungle" is a reminder of the human impact of those policies. it will carry that message across the united states, stopping next in san francisco. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york. jane: i saw it is absolutely captivating, so do catch it if you can't i--
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when he go to san francisco. to see what we are working on at any time, p twitter.k us out on i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc wor news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trt. download now from selected app stores. ationnding of this prese is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursug solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newsur productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening, i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is awa on the newshour tonight, the government is back open for business. the challenges federal ancies now face as another shutdown looms just three weeks away. then, a potential breakthrough in this country's longest war. the u.s. and the taliban have reached a tentative deal for aag peace frameworement for afghanistan. and, the backlog of migrant asylum cases is in the hundreds of thousands. caught in the middle, people like jose, a young nicaraguan in limbo, waiting to find out if he can remain in the u.s. >> ( translated ): i fear for my life, for the happiness i have here. nicaragua is the last country i would step foot on, i would rather go to another planet. >> nawaz: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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