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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 31, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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>> s "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, ind kovler foundation, pur solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> i'm flying! ♪ >> stay curious. ♪
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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washing am jane o'brien. froz solid -- cities across the midwest are suffering an arctic blast, forcing millions of people to sy inside. he was an early backer of president trum now chris christie is offering more advice for the white house. mr. christie: i think what he needs to do is hit the reset button. i don't think he cannot make up for the mistak made before. ne: and he broke the color barrier in baseball. 100 years after jackie robinson's birth, a new exhibit celebrates his legacy on and of. the fi
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. relief is on the way, and for many in the midwest, it cannot come soon engh. for yet another day, millions were plunged into arctic temperatures which closed schools, groundeflights, and proved downright dangerous. the polar vortex is being blamed for multiple deaths. even breathing outsi is difficult. the bbc's chris buckler is in chicago with this report. chris: chicago stands surrounded by ice and people herused to cold weather, but these are temperatures seen only once in a generation. to try to keep the city's trains running, the tracks have had to be setn fire. soats have been attempting to break through thd sheets
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of ice that covered thehicago river. the windy city has become the wind chill city. >> my fingertips have be frozen twice. toes frozen twice. i made two stops. it is brutally cold, bitterly cold. chris:ou can see frost on your eyelashes. what does it feel ke? >> it is a little cold. they have frozen closed a couple times. chris: across the midwest, temperatures have dropped below freezing. a huge part of the u.s. caught in what is known as a polar vortex. it has pushed arctic air down from the north pole and left many places colder than the from the air michigan now looks more like a land than water. pele have been doing their own small sciee experiments to see for themselves just how cold it is. i t boiling water in this
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flask, and as soon as i throw it into the cold air, instantly -- it simply freezes. further north, even parts of the mighty niagara falls have been frozen. this is a deadly cold. inople have been kille accidents on the icy roads, and in some cases b from justng exposed to these extreme elements. for another evening, centers have been opened to keep the homeless warm and safe. there is no shelter on theet stfrom these kinds of conditions. the frozen beauty of this weather cannot be allowedro to distractits dangers. jane: a brief time ago my colleague and i spoke to chris in a very chilly chicago. chris, i am so sorry. that looks absolutely miserable. how are people coping? chris: jane, it really is. the trh is it is painfully cold. i put my foo down for -- hood
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down for a minute, but my ears, the extremities are really cold, my fingers, my toes. but people it.getting on with when you talk to people in chicago, they are used to bitter winters. but this is something different. it is colder than some of them have ever experienced before. some people did go to work today, many others stayed home. this place is still surrounded by snow. owto give you an idea of cold it actually is, we brought a wet t-shirt out of the hotel a couple minutes ago. this is it now, completely frozen, jane. jane: oh! chris: as a relt of these cold conditions. jane: if i hadn't seen it, i would never believe it. chris buckler in chicago for us. the second and final day of high-stakes trade talks between the u.s. and china have concluded with both sides coming together in the oval office with . chinese leader xi jinping wrote to president trump to say he hopes they reach an agreement
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fore the march 1 deadline when new tariffs could take effect. this is how mr. trump describedo thible deal.p: pres. tr i think the relationship we have right now with china has never been so advanced. i don't think it has ever been better. i can tell you for a fact, it has never been so advanc. certainly a deal has never been so advanced. we haven't had a trade deal. we are goi to have a great trade deal, but we have never really had a trade you with china, now we are going have a great trade deal with china if it all works out. it will be great for both countries. jane: a brief time ago i spoke with the bbc's business correspondent michelle fleury. both sid say progress, but how likely is a deal before this deadline? michelle: well, if you listen to donald trump's tweet a what he said in the ov office, he seems confident there is a
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comprehensive deal to be done. when you tk to people more oadly, there is a huge degree of skepticism the scale of what america is asking from the chinese, which is structural changes to their economy. given that china has laid out plans for made in china 2025 to ikcus industrial policy on developing areasartificial intelligence, robots, moving may from the state-led economy to an american-stye capitalist economy, that seems to be a tall order. that being said, in a sign of bugoodwill, china agreed t5 million tons a day of soybeans. so they are willing to negotiate, but not as far as americans would like. been tensions ha growin just how high are the stakes? michelle: many people have questions about the mood music yoing into these talks wenu consider that the u.s. government laid out charges against the huge chinese telecom company huawei and accusations against e chief financial officer. focus will go back to that next
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week. their extra processes due to be going on in canada. it makes it difficult. u.s. officials te ed to say the separate from the talks. i don't think the chinese necessarily see it in those terms. but it goes back to this idea that america is worried about china's industrial ambitions, and they see their ld in theynology as somethin want to hold onto. jane: how enforceable would any deal be? what would stop china reneging on its commitments when tariffs were lifted? michelle: americans have been burned by this in the past. if you go back to the obama period, one of the issues that keeps coming up again and again in these negotiations is thede theft of tecrets from american companies, particularly done by cyber theft. there was an agreement during the obama years that china would step back from that. that happened for a while, but it didn't last. agreement that we do see between these two sides would
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have to include enforcement. jane: mielle fleury, thanks very much. a look at some of the day's other news. ch in constitutionalon malaysia has been elected. it follows the surprise advocati of mohamm v. monarchs do have the power to confer government appointments. malaysia has been chosen every five years from the country's sulfonates. the fbi is nownvestigating an underground tunnel found leadilo to a bank inda. it was only discovered after road workers were sent in to examine a sinkhole. police found a generator and a bucket inside the hole. now, president trump haseen vocal about his demands for portable, --for a
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borderal casting doubt on whether any compromise can be reached with democrats on border security. there is just two and a half weeks to go before another government shutdpon. tical infighting is nothing new, but as governor chris christie points out in his new book "let me finish," the chaos of the past two years may haves had ots in the very beginning. mr. christie was an early supporter of the president and joined me a short time ago. chris christie, thanksinery much for g me. mr. christie: my pleasure. jane: how much of the chaos in the white house stems from throwing out your transition plan? mr. christie: i have always said about 75% of it. there is always chaos in the white house and especially with a president who has no in public office before. but so many of these things were avoidable. we had set up 30 volumes of information, everything from white papers on policy proposals and how to implement them to to vetting of
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three people for every cabinet and senior staff position to a day one plan, 100-datplan, 200-day plan. all of those things we thrown out. i think it ill served the president extraordinarily to have a small group of people do it on the back of an envelopa over 7, and that chaos, especially the early chaos, was indicative of the bad decision. jane: you say in your book thato in this enent it is almost impossible to catch up. can the president catch up? what can he do to salvage the next two years? mr. christie: i think what he needs to do is hit the reset button. i don't think you can make up for the mistakes made before, but you need to get additional folks in there who have a lot of governmental experience, and especially because we have divided government have experience in dealing with the other party in the legislative sense on the hill. and help develop a strategy ilthatmove him towards progress in the next two years
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lland hopefutowards reelection, because as we know, that season has already begune but putting it bluntly, who would want that job right now? this week with a worldwidees threat aent, you have donald trump calling his own intelligence chiefs passive and hoïve on iran, and that they should go back to . why would anyone want to put up with that? lomr. christie: because yo your country. jane: but how can they be effective given what you describe as the toxic forces in the white house? they don't have to deal with the white house that often, quite frankly. jane: they havto deal with the esident tweeting. mr. christie: they do, but tweets are one thing, actions of -- are another. for instance, we had statements on syria from the president about a quick withdrawal. then we had consultations with the national sanurity advisor secretary of state and that has been slowed down. i urge everybody not only at , home, but around the wor not just examine the tweets -- can't ignore them -- but examine the actions. jane: ok, let's talk about thect tweets and thens.
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we have just come out of the longest shutdown in u.s. history. negotiations are now underway that will hopefully avoid another one, but just th morning donald trump has been tweeting that the wall is getting done one way or another. is that any way to negotiate? does that worry you? mr. chriie: it doesn't worr me. i think the president has something thate wants, and i think the key to these negotiations are to find out what is that the democrats want. listen, i worked 8 years as a governor, republican, with the democratic legislature all eigye s. never had a majority of my own i haearn how to negotiate where i wasn't giving away the store but everybody was getting an opportunity to save face. jane: but what is he negotiating on? this sounds like the highway r mr. christie: no, again, you have got to give some of what he wants, and he will ask for all that he wants with te that he gets some of what he wants.
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and right now let's be fair about the democrats, too. they said no way. no wall, no way under those circumstances. thats no less my way or the highway th the wall will happen no matter what. there has got to be some meeting of the minds here. democrats need ttobe concerned, about overplaying their hand. is thennot forget, president of the united states and he was elected president of the united states. they had been elected a majority to be a check, not a roadblock. jane: you said in your book that the trump campaign was toorg diized to collude and that some of the mistakes were a result of inexperience or just dumb. as a prosecutor,s stupidity a defense? mr. christie: n but defense to what? jane: y are they lying about connections to russia? mr. christie: i have gotten that question every interview in connection to the book. here is my theory as a
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prosecutor -- i have watched stupid people and bad people lie all the time towards what seemed to be no logical end. that is what bad people do. they live. jane: but why does donald trump seem to attract so many of the amateurs, grifters, and unconvicted felons, as you describe them? mr. christie: there is a few reasonpr sometimes thident hires on impulse without fully vetting folks and fully reviewing, and that is difficult at times. also, remember, he was an notsider, and a lot of our party establishment diwant to be involved and opposed him, the never trumpers, as they we called. that made the pool that was available to him more limited than normal. jane: mr. christie: all the time. jane: why? mr. christie: he is my friend. jane: why do you still like him? mr. christie: he is my friend. jane: after all you have been through withim?
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mr. christie: i have a friend who has become president of the united states. i have to allow him some leeway to have things that happened that under normal circumstances if you are going to just throw it away, that is not the person i am. i want to display the loyalty. it ha't always been returned, but what i want everybody to know is that i do it because i care about this country and i do it because i have a lot of history with him, and i think i understand him ptty well, and if i thought he was a bad person, i would'lk way. i dot. jane: the title of your book is "let me finish." what do you have to finish? mr. christie: i am 56 years old so i'm sure there is more for me to do. i'm not ready to put my feet upn sit by the pool. i don't know whether that is going to be in public life or wnot, but if it is,t to be able to contribute and help the country with the talents i have. aljane: another presidenun? mr. christie: you never say never. once you have run for president and felt yoursrthy for the
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opportunity for the positioin i don't that leaves you. but i will tell you this, i wouldn't run unless i really fee in my heart i had a cha to win. i'm not one of these guys who just loves campaigning and the scrum it. if i felt in the future that there was a pathway to victory -- not a guarantee, just a pathway -- i would certainly consider it. i don't intend on going away. and "let me finish" is that declaration. i'm not going anywhere, not going to hide. jane: chris christie, thank you very much for joining me. mr. christie: thank you very much. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, the trial of joaquín "el chapo" guzmán is drawing to a close, and what i case it has been. thaila's prime minister says he is considering drastic actions including limiting the use of the vehicles to tackle
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the dangerously heavy pollution in the capital. our south east asia has this report from bangkok. mornings this ye h, people in bangkoke woken to see their city shrouded in toxic smog. hit hpened before here, but not over such a long period. mifacemasks are beco part of the uniform. outdoor activities have stopped, and schools have been ordered to close. bangkok's legendary traffic is an obvious culprit. power plants may also be to blame, along with uncontrolled burning in fields outside the city. there are multiple websites and apps like this when giving detailed readings of the most dangerous particles. that raises the question of whether in fact the air quality is much worse than it was before
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or whether we have recently come up with better ways of measuring it. that -- worseis not that much compared to previous results. op start thinking about the air qualitys problemriously. jonathan: public anxiety has fo.ed the government to act but is this really the solution? giant agricultural drones normally used to spray pesticide gathered hall.ide bangkok city each can carry at least 10 liters of water. a drop i this big. over a city short of revution bangkok's transport, does it have any other answers until the w tther brakes a rain brings some relief? jonathan head, bbc news, bangkok.
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jane: a brooklyn jury has heard closing arguments in the trial of joaquín "el chapo" guzmánfo. weeks witnesses have , provided testimony which at ifmes sounded more like a movie script than a realcourt case. guzman faces life in prison if convicted of 10 counts of trafficking massive quantities of cocaine and heroin into the unitedtates. nick bryant has this report. nick: for the last three months this courthouse has been the rnue for a legal blockbus with peoplqueuing up to hear the case against the mexican drug lord aquin "el chapo" guzman. for the jury, it has bn like watching a drama. this video showing mexican race an-- m marines trying to ram their way through the door of one of his secret hideouts. but taking so long to do so, the drug lord escaped with his mistress through a hydraulic hatch installed in the bathtub and down into an underground tunnel. el chapo did not evade capture
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for long and was imprisoned in this mexican jail, but again managed to make an escape. this time down a tunne connected to the shower in his cell, under which a motorbike was waing to speed his getaway. but the mexican marines still came calli again. his capture was the start of his extradition to the united states. berated in frontf the cameras before he was flown to america, u.s. prosecutors have accused the 61-year-old of drug trafficking, murder conspiracy, and money launderi over a span 25 years. >> chapo guzman is a huge prize simply because he is the world's largest trafficker. when you compare him to pablo escobar, he makes pablo escobar look like a choir boy. nick: the court has heard some jaw-dropping allegations, one
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witness testifying that the former mexican president enrique pena nieto accepted a $100 million bribe from el chapo and -- a claim that the politician has strongly denied. it has doubled as a history lesson on america's war on drugs with the crt showed pictures of how the sinaloa cartel becoming the biggest drug el chapo wit smuggling narcotics in plastic bananas. the defense tried to portray elh o as a scapegoat and argued that the real leaders of thelo sicartel are still at large. but the prosecution said it presented an avalanche of evidence and said el chapoal should not bwed to escape justice. hre than 50 people have testified doing wh been called the drugs trial of the century, but not the potential star witness, el chapo himself. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. jane: if you have been following
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that case closely, you know how riveting the details were. jackiearks 100ea -- since jackie robinson was born. as the first african-american to play major league baseball in .he u.s., he was a trailblazer on and off the fie now a new exhibit in new york offers an intimate portrait of the baseball icon. we went to take a >> jackie on is celebrated today because he opened the door mer players of color and a really importantcan sport, the sport of baseball. this exhibition presents 30 photographs of jackie robinson that have never been published or seen before. they give a more intimate portrait of someone who is well known as a baseball playerut maybe less well-known as a person. when jackie first came to the
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brooklyn, dodgeere is a famous quote by a "new yorkpo " journalist called jackie the loneliest man in baseball.ea nobodyy talked to jackie, he was not part of the spine ofo the cle. but later, by 1949, when the first of these pho, graphs are frckie himself started if to feel like more of the team. you see it in the unguarded tuments. here we have a p of the brooklyn dodgers clubhouse at at ebbets field, and you see jackie in the locker room surd by his teammates and coach. is having a relar conversation, the kind of photograph that would never have been published in the magazine. it is not posed, and you just see the the team.of jackie and one of the interesting things about the clubhouse is that the lockers were notegregated. jackie sacher -- jackie's locker was next to the captain of the team. there was a lot of pressure put on him and stress having to deal with being the first blackle player in majoue baseball, and he always said he would not have been able to do it if it
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had not been for his wife, rachel, and the support she gave him.s she allowed to come to spring training with him before his rookie year, and wives generally speaking were nothe allowed, butanager knew that robinson needed companionship and his wife to be with him. this is a photograph of jackie playing around with his son and with his wife, rachel, at home. he found his family a real sourcef strength when he faced adversity in life and on the field. opening thexhibit on the 100th anniversary of jackie's birth is a way of looking back at what has changed and what has not changed since he broke the color barrier in baseball. anwe wpeople to come away feeling like they know a littl bit more about jackie robinson and what he was like as a man, as a father, as a teammate, and as a friend. jane: just part of the jackie robinson the name of a film starring lf ase robinson him himsel how many people get to do that?
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you can find all the day's news on our website, and to see what we're worki on, check out facebook. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos ardesigned to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your w through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latestca headlines you n trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is mssible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >>ossibilities. your days filled with them. >> tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life.c >> "rld news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsor byro newshourctions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight,he punishing cold lingers over the midwest, with temperatures pllyging to record lows norm felt only in the arctic. then, european nations make a plano do business with iran despite president trump's sanctions. will this new arrangement keep iran's nuclear ambitio check? and, a conversation with chris christie on his new book "let me finish," chronicling his tumultus time as head of the trump transition team. plus, n.f.l. players can rake in millions of dollars, but careers in the league often only last a few years. making sense of the economics of life aft t


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