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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 19, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america. is made possle by... the freeman foundation; by jovy and peter blumr foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglecd needs; and bys ontributions to ts station from viewers like you. thank you. sophie: this is "bbc world news
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."erica reporting from washington, i aml sophong. a series of coordinated explosions target afghanistan, leaving at least 19 people injured. after a deadly weekend, will the surge in violence threaten any peace plan? five years after eric garner's death sparked outrage, the new york city police officer who put him in a deadly chokehold has been fed. >> today is a day of reckoning , but can ao be a day of reconciliation. soarie: these cows are on bo with a new experiment tout down there carbonootprint. which were rotterdam -- we tour rotterdam's floating farm. sophie: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america. there en a new round of violence in afghanistan, with 10
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dinated explosions in th east of the country. at least 19 people were injured. no group has claimed responsibility, but the islamic equently targeted the area. i.s. said it carried out an attack on a wedding pay inbu kal over the weekend that killed 63 people. this sweet of -- thisep s of n olence comes amid ongoing peace talks betwe taliban and and the united states which aim to bring the nearly 18-year conflict to an end. president trump address thon situatiounday. pres. trump: we are there for one reason, we don't want that to be a laboratory. it cannot be a laboratory for terror. h e stopped that, and we have a very, very good view -- some things are going to be announced over the next couple to what happened and who has been taken out. a lot of people have been taken out that were very bad, both isis and al qaeda. sophie: for more on the situation in afghanistan, i spoke earlier with seth jones,se or advisor at the center for strategic and international studies.
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seth jones, thanks for beings. with despite ongoing peace talks, civilians suffer a tremendous toll. how do you assess the situation the ground at the momen seth: well, what i think is important to know is that there continues to be signt violence in afghanistan. over the past three weeks we have had violence from all sides -- we have had this terrible wedding attack, we have had the brother of the taliban leader killed in pakistan several days ago. we have also had the former head of afghan intelligence killed. people from all sides have been killed in assassination attempts, showing that dpite ace negotiations, violence continues actually unabated in the country. sophie: the groom at the wedding celebration targeted said he has lost all hope. how much would you say there is at this stage for peace and --an peace in aftan?
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seth: i would sadly give low expectations for peace in afghanistan. i think there certainly is intest in the negotiations. i think at this point all of this indicates that the talibana the uniteds government, and afghan gernment are very far apart in the specific context of the negotiations and clearly after the kinds of attacks in trust levels as well. thphie: u.s. envoy involved in the talks says thapeace talks should be accelerated. in your opinion, what should the u.s. do? seth: i think the u.s. needs to continue to support these -- peaces. negotiati i don't think it is likely that any of the sides of this conflict are going to win militarily. the allenge for the u.s. is not to put time limits on this. the u.s. continues to be trying to push some kind of peace settlement in the timeframe, particularly before the 2020 elections. noat kind of timeframe should be conditions-based time-limited. sophie: i would image failure at this stage -- there have been many attempts at getting peace in afghanistan that have failed
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-- the consequences would be pretty dire certainly for civilians. seth: i think the consequences of failure would be absolutely. catastroph the afghan population has suffered a war that has taken place since the late 19's. it would be nice to get some kind of resolution. i just don't think we're going to get it soon.th sophie: he taliban and the u.s. have talked about progress being made in these talks. what kind of shape would any peace that we saw take? seth: i ink what is clear is that the taliban has been willing to sit to conduct some negotiations with the united states.e the sh that would include a much more limited u.s. presence in the country. possibly the taliban willing to at least publicly break relations with al qaedand some other terrorist groups. i think the question, though, is
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will the taliban be willing and able and interested in some kind of negotiations with the afghan government, including ae? power-sharing that is unclear at this point because the afghan governmt and taliban have not negotiated publicly in any way andly certainly form sophie: seth jones, ank you very much indeed for your time. seth: thank you. sophie: the new york police department has sacked the officer who ed an illegalch gaold that contributed to the death of erier, an unarmed black man, in 2015. garner's pleas that he could not breathe brought attention to the case andth launcheblack lives matter movement. here was police commsioner james o'neill making the announcement. >> in this case, the unintended consequence of mr. garner's death must have a consequence of n.s therefore, i agree with the deputy commissioner recommendations. it is clear that daniel pantaleo can no longer effectively serve as a new york city police officer.
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sophie: a brief time ago i spoke to the bbc's nick bryant about the case. bring us up-to-date. some time has passed between the sad passing and today's decisi. ck: five summers have passed,e and rner family has been pressing for a long time for the sacking of daniel pantaleo. one of theeasons it took so long was the criminal ststice had to play out. there was a grand jury that decided not to bring charges against him in staten island, which is where eric garner died. and then the justice department, federal prosecutors decided they would not seek criprnal osecution, because they thought there was insufficient evidence. an internal disciplinary procedure started within the nypd. earlier this month a judge within the new york police department said he was guilty of reckss assault. the recommendation was that held she fired and that is with thatha-- and that is what
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commissioner james o'neill announced today, the daniel pantaleo would bsosacked. ie: there is been such a huge amount of focus on the case. what was the reaction? nick: huge amount of focus. this is one of the laninark casehe black lives matter campaign.e thosrds "i can't breathe," which he uttered 11 times, while he was being held in that chokehold, became a rallying cry for civil rights cnspaigners agaipolice brutality. the family has welcomed this. they wouldike to see disciplinary procedures taken against otheofficers that were on the scene when eric garner was taken into custody. they would also like to see what they are calling the eric garner law, which would be to make this kind of chokehold illegal across the country. sophie: the decision has come, but this case is not yet over. there could be more to come. nick: pantal's lawyer says they will challenge it and the police unions have expressed support for that. james o'neill, the police commissioner, in that press conference showed how conflicted he was about it.
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he said he understood the anger within his apparent fromd uniforficers that this had taken place. he even said that in a similar situation he could imagine taking similar action if somebody resisted arrest, but he said his decision waspa that daniealeo could not effectively perform the duties of a new york police officer and should therefore be fired. sophie: how signicant has this case been in terms of the black lives matter movement? nick: it was huge. five years ago that cry "i can't breathe" became a rallying cry for so many people in many cities, not just new york city, but across the country, as they took to the streets to protest police brutality. it was a huge landmark case, and dofor a lot of people, th't believe it is over. they want to see an eric garners law that mhese kind of chokehold illegal across the country. y phie: thanks very much. this weekend the c
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portland was on edge as members of neo- fcist and white supremacist groups marched through the city. they ended up being heavily outnumbered by anti-fascist demonstrators, and it is that group whh president trump condemned on social media. our north america correspondent aleem maqbool was at the rally and has been looking into the state of white nationasm in the u.s. >> usa! usa! aleem: these days members of neofascist groups in the u.s. are definitively on the march. as we accompanied them during this show of strength on the streets of portland, they flathed white power symbols us. they said they were there to protest the militancy of the far-left. >> i want people to understand that these mass people running around committing acts of violence and criminalty actithese are coming to an end. aleem: there are often masked anti-fascist activists out to confront white supremas
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when they march. the two sides we p mostly part tland. -- mostly kept apart in portland. but it is unquestionabhat those linked with far-right ideologies were responsible for the most dea y violence of late. the most recent being the murders of 22 people in el po in a majority latino city killen by a whiten who told officers he wanted to shoot as many mexicans as possible. one of the numerous groups that espouses white supremacist ideas is the leaguof the south, who lowed me to attend one o their gatherings but not film inside. what is their reaction to the el paso attack? >> i really am surprised it doesn't happen more often, because you look at these young white guys and they are being displaced, they are told that they are part of the priarchy, they are told that they have this white privilege, and they whe looking around and they are saying, where is me privilege? i can't get a job.
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aleem: why should there be white privilege? >> because we created this country. aleem: and they claim they are not racist, just as they claim they don't want what happened in el paso. the people inside that room say they a against violence, but the rhetoric they use is bertainly hateful and coul seen as something that inspires others who do want to us violence. and their own history in this group suggest they are not entirely peaceful. it was a member of this group that wasailed for the brutal beating of an african-american man after the notorioully in charlottesville. why the apparent rise in white supremacy now? in the 1990's, christian was prominent leader and recruiter in the white pow movement. he has since denounced
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neo-nazism and works to de-radicalize supremacists. >> for so many in the 1980's and 1990's, they were on the fringes. organizatioge deadly organization, but it was not part of the mainstream by any means. and now today when we are seeing the rhetoric that i used to say 30 years ago almost oerbatim comi of the president's mouth, they are tired of waiting. they see it as an opportunity to act. aleem: at the far-right rally in portland, the uniform of choice for many w trump campaign paraphernalia. you may say he -- he may say s white supremacy, but i is clear they think they have a president on their side. aleem maqbool, bbc news, portland, oregon. sophie: a look at some other news now. turkey says the syrian government has hit one of its convoys inside syria, killing three civilians. it hpened in the region of
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idlib, one of the few areas not under government control. the two u.s. congresswomen who were barred from traveling to israel have hit out at the decision rashida tlaib and ilhan omar spok to reporters this afternoon, calling the ban nothing less than an attempt to suppress "our ability to do ou a joelected officials." president trump last week said that israel would show akeat ss if the country allowed them to visit. both lawmakers have been highly critical of the israeli government.e 9000 peove now been evacuated from their homes on a spanis island because of a wildfire which is burning out of control. in some places, the flames have been shigh that water dropping planes have been unable to operate.ad the f emergency services for the island says parts of the wildfire are already beyond their ability put out. a french couple faces of to six years in jail after 40 kilos ofg g in sand and bottles were found in their car.
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it is considered a public good and is for bid and to remove it from the island. -- it is for bid and remove it from the island. sudan's ousted president omar al-bashir was in court today for the start of a corruption trial that many in the country thought they would never see. tting in a metal cage, h listened to the testimony against him. mr. bashir was overthrown in april after months of protests, bringing an end to his nearly 30 years in power. the bbc's sally nabil was outside the court and filed this report. say: in a heavily secured conv, the former sudanese president arrived at court. video cameras were not allowed inside. we barely managed to get a glimpse of omar al-bashir, sudan's longest-serving president. this, his first session, is quite a procedural one. he is being tried on corrugeion s. after nearly an hour, mr. bashir was driven back to prison in exactly the same convoy.
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the former president has left court a short while ago, and you can see a heated discussion behind me between the lawyers, o somef those who are against him and others who support him. many sudanve been dreaming of seeing bashir in the dock, but some of them tell me this man should be accused of far more serio crimes, not just corruption charges.ef a few dayse the trial, i met an activist who was detained for three months during the revolution. he was released on the day mr. bashir stepped down.ha >>es of corruption are only a drop in the sea. his crimes included genocide and ethnic cleansing, crimes against humanity in darfur, the blue nile. sally: but supporters of the b former presideieve otherwise. ry this trial is politicized. the current miliouncil
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wants to win over protesters by trying bashir.mi thostary rule should be tried with him, too. they were part of his political entourage to the very last hours until they gave up on him. sally: protesters say mnants of his regime are still there in the judiciary, and wonder if he can receive a fair trial. sally nabil, bbc news, khartouma sophie: you arhing "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight'sld program, couloating farms be part of the future? a project in the netherlands is leading the way. sophie: how would you feel about receiving money for reporting a stranger who leaves their engine running while idle? that is the result of a report
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from a think tank, who say they should be filmed in return for a cut of the offender's binding. reporter: we have all seen it -- cars sitting stationary outside our schools, hospitals, and roadsis,ut with the engine on. idling i vehicles more -- one group has a plan to limithe damage to our environment and health. >>ou if y see somebody idling, you can take a photo and video of the the council.eported to reporter: isn't it slightlyn authoritar ask citizens to inform on one another to the state? >> well, it is a voluntary scheme, so if you feel uncomfortable doing it, you don't have to. wphie: bt in -- reporter: what what impact do idling vehicles have on our health? >> if you are walking past a
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line of idling vehicles, it ign be quite aficant amount of pollution you are breathing in. that is especially worrying if you are a young child or patient with the disease. >> he is idling. i wi do what i need to do. reporter: in new york, citizens can report trucks that have been idling for tee minutes, or one minutef they are outside the school. in return, they get 25% of the fine. u.s. fines are substantially bigger than in the u.k., arting at $350, equivalent to 288 pounds, for the first offense, up to an eye watering ou$2000 if yre a repeat offender. for some, it is proving to be lucrative.
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hashie: prince andre attempted to distance himself from his former friend jeffrey epstein, as further questionsar raised about his association with the convicted pedophile. buckingham palace says the prince is appalled by new allegations epstn faced of sexual abuse and trafficking in young girls. the statement was issued after a new video emerged of the prince at epstein's home, shortly after the financier served arison sentence for sex offense of a child. our royal correspondent nicholas witchell has the latest. nicholas: theyre images which will haunt him, prince andrew at the home of a convicteyo pedophile, ag women come and go, despite andrew's apparent efforts to be as discreet as possible. the video was taken outside the new york home of andrew's friend jeffrey ep 2010, 2 years after epstein's conviction. there at the door amid the comings and goings, the queen's second son.
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ofstein was an associate of andrew for a numbeears. it is even suggested andrew took him oe to balmoral. this photograph was taken in 2001. endrew at one of epstein's parties, with a 7-year-old girl called virginia roberts. her claim to have had sex isth andrew wasssed by u.s. court. 2008, jeffrey epstein faced court in the united states, charged with having sewith a minor and procuring an underage girl for prostitution. he was sentenced to 18 months in prison. in december 2010, soon after epstein's release, andrew was ith him walking in central park, new york. the video of andrew at epstein's home was taken the following day. last month, epstein was arrested on federal charges of sex trafficking mirs. he was found dead in his prison cell on the 10th of august. prince andrew has always denied he has been involved in any
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impropriy with underage girls. last night, buckingham palace added this -- "the duke of york has been appalled by recent reports of jeffrey epsted 's alleimes. his royal highness deplores the exploitation of any human being and the suggestion he would condone, participate in, or or encourage any such behavior is abhorrent." the denials of propriety are emphatic, but what the palace cannot do is explain why princeo andrew chose tinue his friendship with epstein or why he was at his home in new york. it all raises questions about the judgment demonstrated by the queen's second son. nicholas witchell, bbc news, buckingham palace. sophie: there have been a lot of ideas floated on how to reduce the carbon footprint of farming. but this next experiment is really pushing t limits. a herd of cows in the dutch city of rotterdam are being loaded up
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on to a floating farm. anna holigan reports. anna: fresh milk within touching distance of the city. peese cattle have been recruited as part of an exment to show ppidly growing urban populations how toroduce oural mecloser to home. peter believes this is the future of milk and cheese.hu >> you see migration from the countryside towards cities, and the other thing is that we have a climate change going on. we were looking for what we call a climate-adaptive location. no matter how much rain falls, no matter how high sea level goes, we can always produce our life-essential healthy food. anna: the floating pontoon is built on three levels. in the basement they are growing fruit to flavor the dairy
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products which are processed in the middle. and on top, 32 cows. aside from the copious amounts of hay, these cows are also fed on grass trimmings from local es, golf courses, and parks. plus, commercial food waste. we are told the brewers grain is a particular favorite. these leftovers would otherwise be thrown away. the cows are milked by robot machines. their manure is collected by pooper scooping robots. they are fed by robots, too, although they are still perfecting this tech. the farmer lives nearby, but he can keep an eye on his herd obmotely via apps on his me phone. the cows seem to be adjusting to this hands-free apprch.
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modern methods, the owners hope, all help to convince younger people to considareer in what is sometimes seen as an old-fashioned industry. and on the question of anil welfare? >> we try to make them happier on floating farm than in a regular stable. anna: this living lab will help to determine whether floating farms make enough environmental and commercial sense to expandex anport them. anna holligan, bbc news, rotterdam. sophie: remember, you can get more of all the day's news on our wsite. i'm sophie long. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ...is just up here. that'shere... man: she took me o i think we're off to a great start.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: good evening. i'm william angham. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, power in numbers-- what's next aft more than a million demonstrators march through hong kong amid threats of a military crackdown. then, our politics monday team breaks down the white house's take on fears of a recession, gun safety legislation, d the latest moves from the democratic prary trail. plus, community heing takes center stage-- how a work of theater is pulling back the curtain dividing police officers and people of color. >> we had one, you know, story on one side, and one story on anothe the police story and the story of people of color, and we're like, well, this is really one story that needs to be connected. >> brangham: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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