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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  March 3, 2020 5:00pm-5:31pm PST

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narrator: funding for grpresentation of this proam is provided by, woman: collette guides travelers to experience the world in more than 160 destinations across five travel styles, like small group explorations. their inclusive tours feature local gues, cultural experiences, meals and accommodations. since 1918, collette has guided travelers around the wld. learn more at collette.com/smallgroup.
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man: babbel. (ding) a language learning app that teaches real life conversations and ush recognition technology. (ding) (ding) and they are at babbel.babbel.c. narrator: fund was also proded by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from s like you. thank you. uncer: and now, "bbc world news". the global death rate from the coronarus is 3.4%, which is higher than the seasonal flu. health experts say the numbers don'take into accounes
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unreported c the who is warning that despite the new figures, hoarding masks and goggles is putting medical workers at risk. other frontline health workers, dangerously ill to care for covid-19 patients. ros:his is a health crisis that is becoming an economic is. the u.s. central blight -- bank has slashed rates citing the evolving risk from the coronavirus. many are wondering, is it ok to shake hands? in will hand, that is what peoplere doing. in other stories, we will cover the eu offering help as thousands of migrants try to cross the border from turkey. it is super tuesday in the u.s., the most important day so far in the democratic race ake on donald trump in this year's election. ♪
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ros: the wor health organization is are known to have bee infected with the coronavirus have died. here' >> there is no toll -- theres a total of 90,800 93 reported cases of covid-19 globally. and we thousand 110 deaths. about 3.4 percent of reported covid-19 cases have died. by comparison, seasonal flu generally kills far fewer than 1%. ros:fa on th of it, this is a huge shift in the story. we wanted to check. this i a professor from ucl genetics institute. >> it is worrying to some extent, it it was -- it was unexpected because we had a certain number of cases, about
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90,000, n certainber of deaths, about 3000, a ratio of the number of coirmed deaths. it is just another ratio of these numbers. it should not have come as a major surprise. it was shocking about this number is how high it is. it should also be tempered little bit because this does not take into account the mild or symptomatic cases that may have been missed. we can only hope that the number rowill go down. there's a lot a focus on the mortality rate. there's also focus on the speed of which this virus is spreading. whats is your analy what we are learning about the global expansion of the virus? >> yes, so, it looks like the aepidemthe global level is about doubling every seven days or so. each case, each infection seems to lead it infections.
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high as a virus.s not remarkably it is kind of average. o the seasonalle flu, for instance. ros: there is another important ry inopment on the s italy.it has the biggest clustef cases in europe. in the last few hours, f ce hundred nes have been confirmed, taking thtotal to two and a half thousand. authorities are considering a new quarantine red zone in the city of bermo. we already have two of those red zonescross veneto and normandy in the north. if we move from italy to iran, it is also facing a major outbreak. theumber of cases has gone up by 50% for a second day in a row. there are over 2300 cases. there is evidence to suggest that the figure could be higher. we know authodities are ining a range of msures including the temporary release of over 50,000 prisoners in tehran. the idea being to stop the virus
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spreading in prisons. one of the prisons is a prison where there are reports of one official saying the british iranian cherry -- charity worker could be among those released. that has not been confirmed. the reason the map went on to washington is while this is a health crisis, it is a risk of becoming an economic crisis. in washington, the u.s. federal reserve has cut interest rates. to puthat in context, the largest cut in interest rates since the 2008 financial crisis. this statement released by the fed says the rate will be between 1% and.25%. it goes on to beci exp the coronavirus poses risks to economic activity. president trump wants more. apparently for different reasons. he says the fed is cutting but st further ease and most important, come into line with other countries. awe not playing on a level
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playing field. not fair to the u.s. it ihetime fored to leave more easing andutting. let's bring in our reporter in new york. we a in this curious situation where donald trump wanted cuts but he sms to want cuts for different reasons to the ones the fed are giving for doing this today. >> the federal reserve decided to step in andelp the u.s. economy by making this great cut. it is important to mention how rare it is for ese kinds of emergency rate cuts to happen. remember, they are our scheduled meetings that happen throughout ther. y meeting ofcheduled e u.s. federal reserve happening in a few weeks. they have decided co do this ra outside one of those scduled meetings. the last time we saw the u.s. federal reserve do that was back inht 2007-2 thousand e during the financial crisis when the u.s. was pushed intore its worst ssion since the great
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depression. previous to that, the next time we saw this emergency move was shortly after the september 11 terrorist attack. it is very rare for the fed to do something like this. i think that underlines just what they are thinking in terms of the economic impactve this my ha on the economy long-term. ros: help me understand whyks it th a rate cut will mitigate the economic problems created by e coronavirus crisis? >> what this does is it makes it cheaper for people to borr money and i is not just individuals like you and i. it mes it cheaper for businesses as well to borrow money. the thinking is as long as money is cheap to get, people will take out loans and then go out and buy things. when it comes to the regular consumers, maybe it is the right time to buy aouse, a car. for a business, it is possible they will buy big pieces of machinery which will spur more economic activity in the united
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states and hopefully abroad. that is the idea. of cou you have to take into account at investors are ally nervous, businesses are really nervous, and consumers are really nervous. there is a question about what kind of efficacy this will actually have in terms of spurring moreconomic growth. s: thank you very much indeed. we are going to talk politics. it is super tuesday today. 14 states across the u.s. will be voting for the democrat that they would like to take on dona trumpn november. let me show you the contenders. here's the front runner, senator bernie sanders. here he is campaigning in utah. he is the most left-wing of the candidates. 's policy is a new health care system for all. and he's ahead in the polling. the man who was ahead in polling, joe biden, here he is in texas. his campaign derailed badly in february but a few daysgo, he took south carolina and he had two big endorsements on the last whoust dropped out andobuchar
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pete buttigieg as well. both moderate candi dtes, both jupped out. the democratic party establishment seems very much want joe biden and perhaps just as much, wants to stop bernie sanders. theres also elizabeth warren here she is in california. she's further to the left than joe biden. heramign is under pressure but she is still in it. she is the only candidate with contention on eitht side who is man in his 70's. and we should mention mike bloomberg, here's one y his money, m commercls. he spent hundreds of millions of dollars onm. him -- on t the ads have been slick, his t performance in debate have not been. we will have to see which accounts for more. at stake in all of these 14 states, 1353 delegates, more th a thirdth o total available in this democratic contest. needless to say, do well today, d you are in iood shape. hejames cook with more on
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the process. james: they have been battling it out for ages but only four serious contenders now remain. the democrats will choose their candidate in july in the rk -- at the party convention. state-by-state,re party esentatives in the hall known as delegates cast their votes. >> hillary rodjam clinton. s: but who decides how they vote? that process is happening right now. it takes months and it is called primary season. this year, the first democratic caucus in iowa was shambolic with pete ttigieg winning it. just. bernie sanders triumphed in new hampshire, the first primary. and he won in nevada too. south carolina went to joe biden. th -- which brings us to super tuesday, the third of march, when 14 states hold their primaries and more thaird of all delegates are awarded in just one day. ros: there are more important numbers to bear in mind on super
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tuesday. the first one i want to highlight is 15. here's christian fraser to explain why. >> in a democratic primary, states award delegates the candidates based on how many votes they get. to get any delegates at all, a candidate has to get 15% of the vote. that does notake much of a difference because by that point inhe race, they are usually two candidates left. but this cycle, there are five candidates in the race on super tuesday. that makes the 15% hurdle really important. if bernie sanders or joe biden when a state but lots of other candidates also get over the 15% hurd, then the delegates get shared out more widely, meaning the winner gets last. if the other candidates don't get over the hurdle, the winner gets more. that is what is making this contest so hard to call. ros: the next number to rember is 170 million. a huge figure. it could have a big influence on how ople vote. here's nick brian. reporter: 170 million dollars is
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what mike b super tuesday advertising. that small -- a thatmall change for the world's ninth richest person. what it has done is carpet bombed the super tuesday states with television advertisements. it is hard to turn on the tv in places like california and virgin without seeing the face of the former new york mayor. has money bought him political love? the polls suggest not. many see this as billionaire entitlement. mike bloomberg using his wealt in an attempt to buy the presidency. he entered this race because he thought joe biden was weak. he wanted to block the candidacy of bernie sanders. he does n want to see the vermont senator as the democratic presidential nominee. the ironys that biden has said -- searched and bloomberg continues -- continued presencec in thehelps the man he entered the race to stop. ros:th and thee's this
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number. 1991. . let's go live to north carolina. you are going top he on this number. gary: yeah, that ishe number you need of pledged delegates to get yourself over the top,t to majority of those delegates heading into the convention in milwaukee in july to grab the nomination and to fighting -- fight dona trump. it is a magic number. it is number everyone is striving to. the near you get to it, the more thely it is you will nominee.the difficulty is that i get to a poithere is still two or three people in the race where no one can mathematically get to that point, and that is when you get questions of a contested conntion -- convention and people argue ovet whether or a plurality ought to be the reason you give someone the nomination. ros: thanks. don't go anywhere. we are coming back to you in the moment.
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across tse 14 states, 15% of the delegates are upor grabs come from california and the west, texas in the south. those two are big prizes. here's the latest polling. in california, bernie sanders with a lead on 35%. biden, 23%. warren, 16%. in texas, it is tighter. sanders and biden almost an in the late 20's. bloomberg above 15%. warren, just below. as you study the situation across the 1 stes, what are the key dynamics we should look out for? gary: obviously, those results in texas and california. going back to this 15% threshold, it is incredibly important. ironically, if there is more people getting over that 15% threshold,f elizabeth warren starts to go over 15%n some of the states, if mike bloomberg starts to distribut the candidates.ore evenly among
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that makes a contested the quicker they get down to a smaller number, the more likely it isa that you will geear winner. if you don't, you will get a bona fide for the next few months ros: i can see activity behind you as people go about devoting. tell us about the process and who gets to vote? gary:retty quiet one here i we have had 217 people vote here as of five minutes ago. that is an almost eight hours. not exactly a flood of activity here in charlotte, north carolina voting station. but, the proce is a primary in this particular state, you are either a registered democrat or a registered democrat or regiered republican or unaffiliated. if you are unaffiliated, you haveo choose which primary yot are going to in. north carolina, incredibly important. one of those battleground states. it was the sixth most marginal
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state in the last general election. tru only won by thr points. there is a lot to fight for here in terms of the democrats. ros: thank you for taking us through it. quite a few hours time, when the results come through, you will get full coverage. in a few minutes on outside source, we will have the latest for you on the european union's response to the new wavef migrants who are trying to get from turkey into greec aea into the eurunion. ♪ ros: counted, benjamin netanyahu and hiss are on wins to win 59 seats in theeneral election. ooweacross the result. reporter: after more than a decade and power, benjamin netanyahu has a reputation as a great political survivor. in this election shows he deserves it. at his likud party's headquarters overnight, he told
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cheering supporters this win was particularly sweet. >> [speaking foreign language] translator: our arrival is over. what we join urrces andthe tables. we turn lemons into lemonade. reporter: that was a bitter blow for his political rivals here at the blue-and-white alliance headquarters. mr. netanyahu's right wing bloc needed to form a coalitiony government. and much could hinge oneveral thousand votes yet to be counted, including four israelis in self quarantine because of possible exposure to the coronavirus. ♪ ros: we are here in the newsroom our lead story is that the globat death for the coronavirus has been named as 3.4%, far higher than seasonal flu. health experts are saying the numbers don't take into account unreported cases.
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the grant crisisn the greece-turkey border continues to intensify. today, the eu offered to help increase in the number of peoe who are trying to shift from turkey into greece and so into the european union. the increase was caused by turkey deciding last week that it would not stop migrants who are trying to ach the eu. thousands of people are stuck in an area between greece while this is resolved. visited the area tor officials you can see just there, urszula or lion, the european commission president and the president of the european council. two senior firereshey were briefed by the greek army and the eu confied it is sending 100 border guards and sedn coast guar vessels. here's the commission president. c>> we hae here today to send a very clear statement. of european solidarity and support to greece. our first priority is making
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sure that order is maintained at the greek external border which is also our europe border. i'm fully comminged to mobilill the necessary operational support to the greek authorities. ros: many migrants have gathered in turkey's western province. ityou can se there. because of that, roads leading to a keyboard or crossing -- key border crossing the situation is tense. lots of families have gathered on the banks of the river. yo can see children and their belongings. the greek government says it stoppe when he for thousand people from crossing just since saturday. thingsot tense over the weekend. you can see police being deployed. tmigranew rocks over the border at greek police who responded with tear gas and ter cannon. you can see barbed wire has been set up. another route inco the eu is of se by boat. that issue affects the island. that is whe these pictures are om. we know one child died monday
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trying to reach the island. those who do arrive are then moved into camps on the island. onof those is called morae are. these pictures are from theiv. people whothere criticize the overcrowded conditions and the government has said it will close this camp and transferred people to a detention center on the mainland. bo and he recorded this lese earlier. gabriel: what is happening as you can see that the police are trying to push everyone away from this port area. there are a couple hundred migrants and refeesere. some of them, some of the newcomers that have come in the last few days, many of them have been here for months if not years. they are desperate to get off this island. ihink they thought that there was a chance of a boat to athens. that is why they came down here. i don't think that has turned out to be the case. they are being pushed on. [yelling] briel: a little
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earlier, we saw scuffles. and tensions have definity been rising. not just in the lt few days, t in the last month or so between the migrants and refugees in the police on the one hand. but also between some local people w have been hting these people now for five years. foanone reason or another, maybe it is the newcomers from turkey, maybet is something else, but things have reached a tipping point. and as i say, tensions are rising and the moois sour. ros: let's go back to our top story, the spread of the coronavirus. from the outset, the coronavirus have been compared with flu. let's see how that works. the coronavirus appears to be delier. u.s. authorities list flues mortality rate at 1.1%. eth who says the mortality rate amongst known cases of the coronavis is 3.4%. on the face of it, more than 30 times more deadly. hold on, many cases of coronavirus are going undetected.
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in fact, the mortality ratmay be closer to the flu. here is a professor of carp -- of harvard university. >> i liken it a bit to a dark room where there are people sitting in rows that you can't go up, you think, some peopleo walked into the room. but thos people have been the for a while. ros: even if the coronavirus mortality rate drops, but is still potentially very seriously serious. the did the uh oh estimates every year t flu kills between 290000 and 650,000 people. if millions of people contract the coronavirus, the death toll could run into the hundreds of thousands. next there is the speed of which the virus is spreading. here's one faxing scientist. >> one of the things we have learned, thivirus is highly transmissible that you could be caught off guard pretty quickly. as a consequence, things can move quickly so you have to watch out.
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ros: theros: who has said while the spread of coronavirus is concerning, it is not as contagious as the flu. how do the symptoms of fluent coronavirus compare? they are similar. coronavirus starts with a high fever. it can be followed by a cough. it can lead to a shortness of breath. . some patients require t.spital treatm the experience of one woman in singapore. >> i was going through the critical stage, one of the things i encountered w my lungs felt they re going into overdrive. they were making an effort. it is not like normal days where we are not conscious of how we breathe. it was so labor is trying to get from my bed to the bathroom which was like five feet -- five meters away. just walking to the bathroom. it was just challenging. ros: like julie, the majority of people who have had the like the flu, this can lead to issues such pneumonia and a
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syndrome. they in turn cano lead multiple organ failure and in some cases, death. . as with flu, those over 70 years old and with pre-existing conditions a me vulnerable. all of which makes these diseases sound very familiar. here's the who on why this coronavirus is something dierent. >> we can't treat cov-19 exactly the same way we treat the flu. covid-19 is a new virus to which no one has immunity. that mea more people are susceptible to infection and some will suffer severe disease. ros: coronavirus is possibly more deadly, possibly less contious than flu, but there is a ceat here. u scientists have studied r centuries. they are only now studying this virus. flu is not constant, sometimes it is much deadlier than normal. and the spani8,
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flu outbreak which killed 50 million people. in short, one not -- while i'm doing my best to compare these two,t is tricky. my colleague can explain more.po reporter: thiser: is really what everyone wants to know. the first important thing to point out is seasonal flu and coronavirus are not directly comparable. coronavirus is a brand-new pathogen, there is no vaccine. t have any kind of immunity to it. more cases are emerging every day andealth experts are working around thetrlock t to respond to what more is being discovered about the virus and how it behaves. scientists are working to find out more about it on apraily basis buably realistically, we are looking to the before a vaccine is relevant -- are readily available and more tests are being carried out. then we have to get to the stage ov human trials and there is the hurdle of gettin mass-producing it. everyone is being told that the most important thing we can do to curb the spread of coronavirus in the u.k. and
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beyond is make sure we wash our hands thoroughly several times a wday with her and soap for 20 seconds. reuters on t situation.e from the northwest of the u.s., the total number of confirmed casest in washington rose on tuesday 227, including nine deaths. that is up from 18 cases and six the deaths. the source of this is a department of health.ate a jump in the figures and washington state. part of the much broader global story which we will continue to tell you here on "outside source." bye-bye. ♪ presentation of this program is provided by.. woman: collette guides travelers to experience the world across five travel styles, like small group explorations. their inclusive tours feature local ides, cultural experiences,
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since 1918, collette has guided travelers around the world. omlearn more at collettemallgroup. man: babbel, an online program developed by language specsts teaching spanish, french, and more. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contrns to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ narrator: you're watchs. ♪ ♪
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♪ narrator: fu oing for presentationf this program vided by, woman: collette guides travelers to experience the world in more than 160 destinations across five travel etyles, like small grouplorations. their inclusive tours feature local guides, cultal experiences, meals and accommodations. since 1918, collette has guided travelers around the world. learn re at collette.com/smallgroup.

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