tv BBC World News Today PBS November 20, 2020 5:00pm-5:31pm PST
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the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutione for america'ected needs. and by contrstutions to this pbion from viewers like you. thank you. a steploser to rolling out a coronavirus vaccine.ll pfizer formapplies foriz emergency authion for its new covid vaccine. governments around the world hopet can be approved next month. boris johnson gives his full support tetty patel despite claims against her of bullying. as we still wait for georgia to officially certify joe biden as
states winner, donal trumpin tes michigan state legislators to the white house and another attempt to overturn the result of the presidential election. in an interview, saudi arabia's minister of state for foreign affairs groups and run ups to this wkend's g20 summit. >> we do not allow people to lecture us or to dictate what we should or shouldn't do just that we don't tell peoe in the u.k. or in america or other places what they should or should not do. ♪ >> hello and welcome. ay with us for all the very latest news and analysis fromos here and athe globe.
the world could be one step closer to a usable covid-19 vaccine with pfizer filing for emergency authorization of the vaccine in the.s. and countries around the world. the u.k. government has the regulator to assess the vaccinif approved, it will begin to be rolled out from next month. speak to our business correspondent. exciting times if this does go through. how difficult would it be for pfizer andioech to get this authorization through? >> these are unprecedeed times. we have seen the developmentf aha timelineis more compressed than usual. having gone through the vaccine where you develop the vaccine -- the phase where you go through the vaccinendt shows
positive signs. the wreck -- next hurdle ithe regulatory approval. we see pfizer going to regulators around the world trying to get permission. in the u.s., it's called emergency use. when a drug has improperly been fully tested, there are gain approval to be used. that is what it's doing in america. it is also doing that in the eu. understand i trend to do that in the u.k. and they are talking to regulators around the rld because this is going to be in huge demand not just an america but globally, everyone is going to try to get their hands on this as sooas it gets through the necessary hurdles that we'reayalking about t >> timeline wise, if it ds surpass the hurdles and get through, what are we talking about in terms of timing for rolling the vaccine out? not only in the u.s. but also globally. what is fascinating is if you
listen to whaesthese compa are saying, they have come out and said that within hours of approval, they can have vaccines ready to go. that is a huge achievement if it's true given the scale andth demand that we are talking about. we are talking about several hundred mileing delivered in the u.s.. the eu has an agreement for a similar delivery. agthe u.k. haementsith japan. the idea that this all gets rolled about it's not just approvals today.there's theri manufac, the distributing, how do you gett into the right places? this is a logistical as well a a science breakthrough we are talking about here. >> thankou very much indeed. herehe in the u.k.,rime minister has expressed full confidence in his home secretary despite report to claims of
the rules on misund she broke behavior. the inquiry looked into about her conduct as a minister in three different government departments. the man who investigated the boris johnson conted his after advice. this afternoon, patel told the bbc she was sorry if her paper had offended people. >> he is standing by her. he has taken months to give his advicen her behavior that was described as the liang. she shouted at staff but it was judged she did not rake ministerial rules. >> are you a bully? >> i am here to give an unreserved apology today. ryi am sf i have upset people in any way whatsoever. ythat was complet unintentional. i will be very candid, the work
that i do here in th department and across govnment deeply challenging. if i have upset peopleen, that s ompletel unintentional. >> it all started nine months ago when the most seniocivil servant at the home office walked out complaining about her actions. the former department has also been criticized for being inflexible and unsupportive. the prime minister ordn inquiry and today it was concludethat the home secretary had not consistently met the high standards required her approach on occasions amounted to behavior that could be described as bullying. to that extent, it had been in breach of the ministerialode even if unintentionally. hedespite the findings,rime minister has the final say and he has disagreed. sir alex has resigned. >> and overruling his independent advisor, the prime minister has made a huge little decision.in
do street points to mitigating circumstances. the fact that no one mentioned the behavi at th time and that she has apologized. herriends think she has been the victim of snobbery and sexism. home secretary insists that culture in the home office has chand. >> at the time, theept says that issues are not pointed out toeet. we are not supported in our work. thiss a challenging department. >> people listening will think that you're making euses and there is no excuse for someone in a senior position to treat others badly. >> there are no excuses. i am absolutely giving anlo unreserved a today. i cannot be any clearer about that whatsoever. >> labor says she should resign or bsacked. >> the prime minister ha said that he loathes bullying yet today he has comprehensively failed a test of his leadership.
he has had a report on his desk precisely on that issue. sir alex could not have been clearer that the home secretary has nsistently met the high standards of the ministeria ce. >> hanging onto her will be a popular decision withco nservatives but it will bring him more political pain. >> let's take a look at some of the days other news. millions of yemenis are at risk of starvation according to the u.n. secretary general who says the worst famine the world has seen in decades. he says immediate action was needed to stave off tester feet. he blamed the situation on hemen's continuing war and drastic reduction in the international community funding of u.n. relief programs. the ethiopian government says e military has made advances where it ifighting troops
loyal to the regional government. phe and internet lines cut, it is not been possible to veri the report that the historical city are now under the control of the federal government. thousands of optesition suppor in belarus have paid their last respects to an activist that died after a clash clwith plahes police. witnesses say the agents gave him a severe bting last week when he tried to stop them from ripping and white emblems. red exideeh figds has said he was killed by government thugs. the interior minisy has designed -- denied involvement. the u.s. state of california is to impose a curfew from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. from saturday to combat a surge in new coronavirus transmissions. the governor says the measure is crucial in trying to own the virus.
>> open callie. >> newestrictions on people's freedom comes into effect, there are jeers from ose who have little to cheer. the aim is to stop the search but some feel the wrong targets are being hit. >> right now, you can go to a strip club. an indoor strip club, but you can go to church indoors. >> across most all of californ, the new curfew. restaurants, bars, and businesses must close by 10 p.m.. those responsible say it will be impossibleo police it. >> if we are enforcing it not part of making the plans, it's not going to work. >> all the time, the economic impact of the to take its toll.es use of food banks has doubled here.
>> it's depressing. although i am handicapped, i would like to be able to move. it is difficult. >> i have been all around the united states and i nave never sehing like this. >> janet has spent her whole workg life in what disney calls the happiest place on rth. she and thousand of disney employees have been out of work for months. since irough because had a good job with disney, it helped me keep afloat. take care of everything i needed. right now it makes it difficult. >> there is little sign of happiness here now. ev hope is getting hard to find. in hospitals where there has been no let up, exhausted medical workers worry about beingns overwhelmed as admissio search. also surging, the demand for
testing. at dodger stadium in los angeles, cars are queuing indi everrection prompting police to hold off. e is to stay-at-home. if you aren't displaying symptoms, you should not need testing because you shouldn't be socializing. as people wait for tests, a dramatic rollback of california's reopening is taking place. ther are warnings of tighter restrictio if the case cap continues to climb. >> stay with us here on bbc news because still to come, the legacy of nuremberg. 75 yrers on, wmber the world's first international war crimes trial of the leaders of nazi germany.
>> abuja has claimed victory in the election. >> released on bail of $3 million after turning himse into police in santa barbara. >> it was the biggen demonstratio far of the first growing european antinuclear mement. >> the south african government has announced that it is opening the countries remaining whites only beaches to those of all races. >> this will lead to a black majority gerent and the destruction of the white civilization. >> part of windsortl c has been consumed by fire for much of the day. 150 firemen are battling the blaze which has caused millions of pounds worth of damage.
>> pfizer applies for authorization in the countries ound the world for its vaccine. it could be approved by the first half of onxt. boris johnson gives his full suort to the home secretary despite an inquiry upholding claims against her of bullying. the state of georgia has certified joe biden as the nner of the election in the united states after a recount. it is anotherlow to donald trump and his efforts to overturn the results of the elections which he claims without evidence was rigged againshim. today he is expected to welcome republican leaders of michigan state legislature to the white house. let's see how they werreceived at the airport. donaldilrump w urge them to take thesi controver step of
refusing to certify joe biden's lead there. >> it is an abuse of office. it is an open attempt to intimidate election officials. it is absolutely appalling. having said all of that, it unsuccessful and this is really harmful to the democratic process and it troubles people great deal. on the other hand, it doomed to failure. there is nothing i can imagine that is more beneath the president of the unite states to try to at least give people the impression that there is a ssility that he will still win the election. >> i am joined by a correspondent in washington. a controversial move by president trump to meet with those legislators in washington. i it he just finished a pressn conferencee white house. it was about covid and the
prices of drugs. he said i won the election, i got more than 73 million votes. it he did get those votes, but joe biden got wayore votes and won the election so donald trump is still in denialel about the tion results. this is an issue usually controversial move. both menwh are at the house. we understand they are aware of what the president wants to do. whether or nott will happen is another thing. george's secretary of state has said openly that he is disappoint that the republican party didn't win, but the votes tn't lie. he is expectcertify georgia later. that is anotheron state thed trump is lookingt i hoping to overturn the votes there as
well. >> what does this meann terms of timing? january 20 is getting closer and closer. what do you think president is hoping to achieve? >> i think he wants to so doubt and the integrity of thece election p. he doesn't like to admit that he has lost a today's press conference, th is who is. if we go by the words of kayleighai mcenany, she that the democrats weren't fair republicans when dona trump one in 2016. she says that his presidency was never seen as legitimate. that the russian investigation, the claims that his victy was influenced by russia, she says the democrats didn't play niceth so why shoul expect us to play nice? by this point in 2016, barack
obama had met with donald trump and michelle obama had met withi metrump and the democrats view is that should be happening for us as well. >> thank you very much. saudi arabia has rejected calls from international human rights watch for the release of detained activists in the run-up to this weekends g20 summit. the minister of state for foreign affairs told the bbc the kingdom will not allow people to lecture it. it wasn't the first time an arab state has hosted this gathering of heads of the world's biggest economies. inhe mid of a global pandemic, leaders will be meeting online. our chief international correspondent has spokenim and she began by asking if saudi arabia had been disappointed by calls to boycott the summit. >> we arnot disappoied, not many countries called for it.
all of the g20 companies -- countries are going to show up >> what will you say to g20 leaders when they raise the issue of activists? parts we will tell them we have a legal system and laws and we implement our laws. our judiciary is independent and well don't people to lecture us or dictate to us what we we don't tell people in the u.k. or in america or in other places what they should or not do. we will never sit in judgment of the decision of a german court. that is for germany to decide. as a point of consequence, we will notllow people to sit in judgment of saudi courts. that is for the saud people to decide. >>ha the jamaloggi murder casts a shadow over the kingdom. >> i think the people have not been fair when it comes to dealing with the kingdom of
saudi arabia. they always look for the negative part rather than the positive part. the murder of jamal khashoggi is terrible. nobody in saudi arabia wants a citizen to be murder. we investigated, we held people accountable, and people will bet punished fs. we will try to ensure that something like this never happens again. we have never in the history of murdered.udi arabia had someone we don't do this as a government, this is not our policy.s it tragic and i think people have used it in order to cast sions on saudi arabi i don't blame them, but i don't think it is being fair or equitable. the phograph in paris.ou about she has become a symbol of the call to release some of the activists.
in an in 20 mammed bin salman said she is a spy. why isn't that being presented? >> inur legal system, the evidence is presented after the decision is made. it has nothing to do with advocating for women's right drive. if every woman who advocated for the right to drive in udi arabia was to be jailed, half the women would be jailed. is has nothing to do with advocacy or women's rights. it is national secury. >> why don't you present the evidence? the crown prince said in 2018 deat the next day, he would present the ee, show the videos which show that she was a spy. >> i believe the courts will decide when to release the idence and this has to do with the timing of when the verdict
rendered. >> she has been in prison for three years without a convi .on many including her family called for her release. cots the courts will decide what her fate will be. we have to respect the decisions of the court. >> there was no sense in which this could have been a gesture to t world community to tell your partners that the values of the kingdom are in lin owith the valuthe rest of the world? >> we have a lot of people endil -- in or various crimes you cannot differentiate between onnoand the other and you c differentiate between somebody who outside entities or media advocate or raise their matter and not advocate for people in jail and nobody knows their cases. do we release every prisoner in orderak to a gesture? that is not practical or logical. >>hat was the minister of state foreign affairs of saudi arabia. 75 years ago today, the surviving leaders of nazi
germany went on trial at nuremberg in the world's first ever international war crimes trial. take a look at their legacy. >> judges -- >>t was a trial that defied the imagination. nazi leaders faced court that established the principle of international justice. 75 years later, we have been hearg from some of those whoth have lived ilong shadow of nuremberg. ♪ >>engeance is not our goal. nor we seek merely a just retribution. >> my name- - am the sole surviving prosecutor from the nuremberg war crimes trials. >> he was a soldier and lawyer. and he was jewish.
for him, seeing justice done and leaving all personal feelings aside. >> imy was able to turlf into a robot. di't see the people as being jewish or not jewish. they killed commoners, gypsies, millions of opposition parties and so on. i succeeded ry well in regarding all of the people were victims as human being's. >> he was unknowing and willing participant. >> among the defendants was hans frank. 4 million died under his rule. his son nicholas pictured with his fathers a child of the nazi elite long ago denounced him.
really i think my father served the death penalty. for one reason. that he should himself experience the same death fear which he distributed about hundred thousand innocent people. >> so many deaths to account for, heas 10 years old when she was murdered. hiding in order to return to her mother. they perished in auschwi. >> she would have been alive my sister if she had come with me. i felt guilty all the time. t>> wheny put the leaders on trial in nuremberg, you feel any sense of satisfaction? >> no, it was not justice for me. to be hanged after theyd to me,
have done. >> nuremberg was a beginng. the story at its heart ofac mad minorities, intolerance stains and humanity still. >> you are watching bbc news. goodbye. narrator: funding fothis presentation of this program is provided by... language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. raymond james. the freeman founda on by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; rsuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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♪ is provided by... developed by over 100 language specialists babbel teaches real life conversations in spanish, french, russian and more. babbel's 10 to 15 minute lessons are available as an app, or online at babbel.com. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned.