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tv   BBC World News Today  PBS  September 30, 2022 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.
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and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: and now, "bbc world news". ♪ nancy: this is bbc news. the headlines, a concert in moscow's red square as president putin tells the audience, victory will be ours. it comes after a lavish signing ceremony at the kremlin, where russia announced 15% of ukrainian territory. >> they are becoming our citizens forever. nancy: nato says it i the most serious escalation of the conflict since russia invaded ukraine in february. also on the program, hurricane
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ian makes landfall after it hit florida for the first time this week, causing severe devastation. and in brazihe first round of the presidential election is coming up this weekend. it is billed as brazil's most important one since the country returned to democracy in 1989. ♪ nancy: hello and welcome. if you are watching here in the u.k. or on pbs in the u.s. or around the world, we are glad you could join us. president putin has announced the illegal annexation of four regions of ukraine, in part controlled by russian forces. it is the biggest seizure of territory in europe since the second worldar. in a signing ceremony at the kremlin, mr. putin declared that
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these four regions are now a part of russia. in response, ukraine has formally applied to join nato. >> what he was about to do would spark international condemnation, but vladimir putin did not care. he announced the annexation of 15% of ukrainian land. in the audience, kremlin appointed offials from those territories occupied by russia. >> i want to keep authorities and their real masters in the west to hear me so they will remember this forever. people in these four regions are becoming our citizens. forever. [applause] >> defiance, unapologetic, russia's president laid into the west.
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>> instead of democracy there, there is suppression and exploitation. instead of freedom, enslavement and violence. america is the only country in the world that has used nuclear weapons twice. when they destroyed the japanese cities if you're a shema and nagasaki -- by the way, they set a precedent with that -- of hiroshima and nagasaki, by the way, they set a precedent with that. >> through this annexation, vladimir is trying to change the facts on the ground, trying to secure for himself some kind of victory. the problem is, you can complain all you want that land you have occupied is rightfully yours, but ukraine does not believe that. the international community does not believe that, leaving vladimir putin more isolated than ever.
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in washington, president biden condemned the annexation and imposed new sanctions on russia. >> we are rallying the world to keep support for ukraine strong and consistent. [applause] they have aight exist as a people. >> moscow says these territories are joining russia afr holding referendums. but they have been widely discredited. the west denounced them as a sham, a smokescreen for annexation. near red square, some kremlin choreography. workers and students have been bussed in to celebrate russia's expansion. but theres little public excitement here over annexation, and growing alarm about russians being called up to fight in ukraine. and inside the kremlin, the signing ceremony -- plenty of pomp, but think of the circumstance. vladimir putin has just raised
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the stakes. he has warned he will defend the annexed territories with all means at his disposal. and he says he is not bluffing. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. nancy: a short time ago, a response from president biden. he says the u.s. will not be intimidated by putin. >> america and its allies are not going to be intimidated, are not going to be intidated by putin and his reckless words and threats. he is not going to scare us or intimidate us. putin's actions are a sign he is struggling. the sham referendum he carried out, and this routine he put on -- it is, if you look at it, ok? this sham routine he put on this morning, showing the unity of his people, holding hands
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together. the united states is neve going to recognize this. quite frankly, the world is not going to recognize it either. he cannot seize his neighbors territory and get away with it, simple as that. nancy: the united states has also released a fresh round of sanctions against russian officials. in a statement, the white house said make no mistake -- these actions have no legitimacy. the united states will always honor ukraine's internationally recognized borders and we will continue to support ukraine's efforts to regain control of its territory by strengthening its hand and diplomatically. let's go to washington now, where we can speak to our state department correspondent. let's start with the response from the united states. new sanctions. who are they targeting? >> you heard president biden saying that the white house and the u.s. would not recognize the annexation, and the rest of the world would not recognize it
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either. one of the measures is to threaten imposing costs on any country that does in fact recognize president putin's moves. that would not be very many, but the idea is to isolate russia on the world stage. the americans say they are g-7 allies are prepad to do the same. the sanctions also tget the military-industrial complex. several international suppliers have been sanctions, as well as various people associated with them. this is an ongoing effort by the u.s. to cripple russia's ability to make more weapons. the sanctions also target senior financial officials, including the governor of the central bank and the deputy governor. that's because they have helped buffer the impact of existing sanctions on russia. also, hundreds of officials have been targeted, including nearly 300 members of the russian legislature, with asset freezes and blocking u.s. transactions, to send the message that the u.s. will continue to try to
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isolate them as well. nancy: of course, all of this in response to the annexation that russia carried out. one of the main questions people have, as russia continues to escalate this crisis, how far can the u.s. and its partners go in response? there is a security council meeting underway, a un security council meeting going on. what sort of things will they be talking about? >> that's the diplomatic side of it. president biden was talking about staying the course with ukraine, continuing to supply it with military assistance as well as imposing sanctions, increasingly to impose sanctions. on the diplomatic side, the u.n. is leading a move to try and table a resolution that would condemn these referendums, that would call on the russians to withdraw from ukraine, and say that the world will not recognize the results of the annexation.
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they are fully expecting russia to veto that resolution, but they are hoping nobody else votes no. again, this idea of the americans, they want to show russia is isolated on the world stage. what they've planned to do, expecting russia to veto that resolution, to take it to the u.n. general assembly, the hold about their to demonstrate -- to hold a vote they are to demonstrate the world is against what russia is doing. nancy: thank you, barbara, for that view from washington. ukrainian officials in one of the four areas annexed today say 30 people have been killed and 88 more injured after a russian missile strike on theironvoy of civilian vehicles. our ukrainian correspondent james waterhouse has been to the site of the attack and a warning here, his report does contain some distressing details. >> there was no doubting the
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target. this was about killing civilians. people. here, waiting to be escorted to russian occupied territory. they work methodically, patiently. under an eerie silence until -- [crying] >> people arrive to find someone dear to them has gone. victoria had stepped out for a break at the café where she worked. she came back to find her boss lying dead on the floor. >> people were dying here. i was away for five minutes. when i came back, i saw a boy dying, his mother trying to save him. then i ran around, calling out for my boss.
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there was somebody's mother, her son saving her. somebody's husband, his wife weeping. complete hysteria. you cannot believe how terrifying it was. >> then, we are told to take cover. another russian missile is in the air, and the fear is what is called a double tap -- hitti the same place twice. this close to the front line, the front is always there -- the threat is always there. annexation of ru ukraine by rusa has been that with typical ukraine response. >> ukrainians are filled with law, hope, and truth. russia knows this. >> when you think about what that place was used for, along
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with that enormous crater, very deliberate, a rgeted strike. the reasons for it are not clear, as ever. but the devastations plain to see. ukraine says its once again applying to join nato. the alliance, however, has always been worried about causing an escalation, something russia is less concerned about. james waterhouse, bbc news, zaporizhzhia. nancy: from that distressing situation, let's return to the u.s. now. hurricane ian has made landfal in south carolina after devastating florida. this is near the city of charleston, being lashed by winds and rain. life-threatening storm surge's are up to seven feet. hundreds of kilometers of the south eastern seaboard of the u.s. are under severe weather alerts. the hurricane has caused widespread devastation in
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florida, where search-and-rescue efforts are underway. officials believe at least 21 people may have died. however, it may be days before the full number of casualties is known. the hurricane wasne of the worst to hit florida ever, and president biden has warned of substantial loss of life. we have the latest from ft. myers, one of the worst hit areas. >> all morning, we have had people coming through here. this is the harbor marina, to take a look at their possessions and boats. as you can see behind me, the boats have been lifted out of their pylons, out of the water, and onto the shoreline. the marina is destroyed and there is debris everywhere. we spoke with one gentleman whose 60 foot yacht is nowhere to be found. he believes it was broken up in the storm surge and thrown into the water. we have seen people going to their boats, trying to take pictures to submit to their
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insurance, because this is, of course, going to be costly for so many people. nancy: stay with u on bbc world news. still to come, we are in rio de janeiro ahead of the first round of brazil's presidential election, vote billed as the most important since the country returned to democracy in 1989. ♪ >> it all russia's turmoil, it has never quite come to this. president yeltsin said they would decide the nation's destiny. >> the nightmare so many people have feared for so long is playing out here -- russians ar killing russians in front of a grandstand audience. >>'s departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. >> this man, isrl's right-winger, rel -- ariel
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sheran, visited the holy sites. he wants israel to have complete control over them, to the dismay of palestinians. >> after 45 years of division, germany is one. a million germans celebrate the rebirth of europe's biggest and richest nation. ♪ nancy: this is bbc news. the latest headlines -- russia announces the illegal seizure of four regions from ukraine in a ceremony in moscow. the westits russia with more sanctions in response. hurricane ian makes landfall in south carolina, after it hit florida earlier this week, causing severe devastation. police in afghanistan say at least 20 people, most of them
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young women, have been killed and many more wounded in a suicide bombing at an edational center in kabul. the attack happened in a local neighborhood. students had been sitting for university entrance exams when the explosions happened. many of those living in the area are from a minority which has been targeted in attacks. no group has yet said they are behind the blast. our south asia correspondent, who reports frequently from afghanisn, has the latest. >> most of those who have been killed are students, and many of those are female students. this was a private education center, where there were a lot of students who wanted admission to university. they gathered there in classrooms, giving what was essentially a mock exam in preparation for the actual entrance exam of university admissions. friday is normally a public
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holiday in afghanistan, but this wasn't a public school, it was a private center. what eyewitnesses have also said, a suicide bomber ran into the education center and detonated the bomb, and also shot at the guards who were outside the center. the number dead is expected to rise. there were quite a few who were critical injured and are in hospital. the attack took place in an area of kabul dominated by the has are a ethnic minority community -- hazara ethnic minority community, and this area has been targeted several times in the past year. in april, a public school was attacked, and many of these attacks have been claimed by iskp, islamic state kara sans province.
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this raises serious questions about the taliban's claim of improving the security situations in the country. it is one of the big things they have said since they took over in august of last year, that the security scenario in afghanistan has improved since they took control. but we are seeing increasingly, especially in the past few months, it has really increased. the security situation is rapidly deteriorating. once again, like it used to be before august last year. when you are walking around in kabul, you are not sure whether a bomb is going to go off in a busy street or a market, a mosque, because that is what we are seeing happen a lot now. nancy: the military leader of burkina faso says he is talking to disaffected troops after the capital was woken by the sound of gunfire on friday. the military has been deployed around the city.
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most day-to-day life appears to have been suspended. i am joined by our west africa correspondent, who has been following events there. disturbing events, waking up to gunfire, but what is the latest? >> yes indeed, many of the resident will be getting flashbacks to january, when a similar situation occurred. the national broadcast was suspended. there were reports of gunshots in town and the next thing they knew, there was an image of men in military fatigues being broadcast on the national television station, saying they had taken over the democratically elected government. today, the situation has developed a little slower. there were gunshots in the morning and halfway through the day, we got a statement from the interim leader, a military leader in burkina faso, saying
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he was meeting wit soldiers who had expressed dissatisfaction with the way he was running the country. since then, we are hearing there has been ongoing gunfire heard in the capital no sense of whether they have been able to reach an agreement. nancy: how did we get to this point in the last couple of days? has this been something building up or did it come out of the blue? >> it certainly has been building up. the reason why the milary took over in january and the first place, because there is growing insecurity in burkina faso. this area of the world has been struggling to deal with islamist insurgency, also occurring in nehboring mali. they have had to turn to foreign forces, including french forces, to have them tackle it.
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but ironically, eight months on, they are being criticized for having failed to deal with insecurity. it was an attack on a military convoy on monday, where 11 soldiers were killed, 50 civilians went missing, and people coming into the streets today say they failed to serve us, so we want and -- other international actors to come in, mainly russians. nancy: that sounds like people who have given up hope, because it has been one coup after another. >> people are looking for the magic bullet that is going to resolve the situation, but it is complex, structural, with poverty in the area and the poorest borders between countries like tina faso and -- burkina faso and mali that allow militants to go from one group to another. it also has to do with
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disaffected governance. a lot of locals are ustrated. nancy: thank you for keeping an eye on that situation for us. good to talk to you. thank you. on sunday, brazilians go to the polls in the first round of presidential elections, ing billed as the most important since the country returned to democracy in 1989. the front runner is the former president, da silva, and current incumbent jair bolsonaro is trailing him by quite some margin. a warning, there is some flash photogray in our report from katy watson in rio de janeiro. [chanting] >> jet skis and gyre. this water parade has become a political statement unlike any other. > bolsonaro loves it. it is crazy, someone tells me. this week's weather has not damped his enthusiasm for the
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president or the jet ski. >> brazil ireally evolving. it's even better than the u.s., which is a first world country. bolsonaro is in favor of femists, security, he ended corruption and is for public health. >> he is convinced his candite will win reelection, despite the polls saying otherwise. rio de janeiro is a city of extremes, of deep inequality and political division. noere more so than the country's biggest havana, where people are crammed in, overlooking the city's riches. here, there is one clear winner. billed as a crooked pitician by his enemies, the front runner is remembered as the man who made things better whe he came to power 20 years ago. this woman lives here with her
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son and four other family members. with no plumbing, she has to watch her plates -- wash her plates with rain water bathroom. >> i'm notoing to say that bolsonaro hasn't helped. between him and lula, i prefer lula. we just want to live a quiet life with a job that will allow us to purchase everything. >> the campaign has been personal. bolsonaro's love of guns has been used to offer up a more peaceful future for this violent country. meanwhile, bolsonaro's accusing -- of attacking democracy. this week, his party claimed with no evidence that sunday's ballots could be fixed by government workers. these elections have been billed as the most important since brazil returned to democracy in
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1989, or than 30 years on, the essence of democracy is still being debated. it just shows how deeply polarized this country is. for many here, they hve given up on politics altogether. >> we are going through a really difficult time. we don't have money or jobs and politicians say so much, but they do very little. we are disillusioned. >> i am voting for lula because i think the best will be lula, out of the two worst candidates. >> whoever wins will lead brazil down different paths, but either road will be bumpy, as hunger, poverty, andnsecurity continue to rise. katy watson, bbc news, rio de janeiro. nancy: let me remind you of the top story we are following. russia's president vladimir putin has formally signed an agreement the illegal annexation of four ukrainian regions.
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they ceremony took place in moscow's red square. thank you for joining us here on bbc world news. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of is program is provided by... woman: architect. bee keeper. mentor. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs.


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