tv Al Jazeera English Newshour LINKTV March 5, 2021 5:00pm-6:01pm PST
that incites violence. also, a call for tolerance in iraq, one of the worst attacks on christians as he becomes the first pontiff to fit -- visit the country. pres. biden: people in the country are hurting right now. anchor: the u.s. president is asking to pass the covid relief bill, calling a lifeline to relieve panic and help millions jobless. ♪ anchor: welcome to the program. supporters of the opposition leader are being killed in protests. four have died in three days of demonstrations against him. al jazeera's nicholas haack has been in the thick of the protest in daca. nicholas: in march, the government tried to band.
protesters said this is our society. protect our senegal. not just the message to security forces, but for a government they accuse of stifling dissent. thousands have been demonstrating after police detained opposition leader, accusing him of both rape and public disturbance. >> we are tired of the way we are being governed. this is everything to us. nicholas: police fire rounds of tear gas to disperse the crowd. the military has been deployed to stop the looting. banks, gas stations, and supermarkets have been attacked. socko has repeatedly accused president macky sall at helping profit from senegal's poor. in the distance behind me, police are firing water cannons to try to disperse the crowds. they're trying to protect a
french gas station and supermarket there. so much of this protest is less about the opposition leader and more about this feeling shared among many senegalese, they are not getting a fair share of this country's wealth. among those protesting, or these employees. he has come out to assess the damage. he sees a failure of the state to care for its youth. >> this is horrible. this is not something i'm proud of in my homeland. this is terrible. they don't have food to eat. this is why they're breaking shops, stealing. children are not going to school properly. nicholas: among those arrested were many teenagers. the government is restricting access to certain social media sites, they say, to stop this
information and public gatherings. so far, all attempts to bring calm have failed and the demonstrations continue to spread. nicholas haack, al jazeera, takara. anchor: a researcher says anger at the treatment of him has been building. >> the demonstrations started after it, but it's certainly about much more. and there have been economic fallout, restrictions to the measure state and the covid-19 pandemic and senegal. -- in senegal. and restrictions to access to markets and gatherings of more than 50 people. but i think the situation is due to a lot of hardships that happened. a lot of people see sonko as the
last credible leader and after a run up to the 2019 presidential elections, the ruling majority a few months ago. so, it is in this context where you have the economic fallout linked to the covid-19 pandemic, but a lot of grievances that were existing prior, such as the sidelining of the opposition leaders. that led to these demonstrations and riots all over the country. anchor: at least 10 people have been killed in an explosion in somalia's capital. that happened close to the central prison on friday night. investigators believe a ritual noted with explosives was detonated. another 30 people have been wounded. the al qaeda linked group has
claimed responsibility for the attack. earlier, at least two people were killed and three wounded in a separate attack on a prison in the city of both hussle. another protester has been killed in myanmar as the united nations urged to divide it security -- urged its security council to take swift action. one person said she receives thousands of messages every day from people in myanmar pleading for help. our diplomatic editor, james bays reports from new york. james: in the last week, the u.n. estimates 50 people have been killed by the military in myanmar. the special envoy believes after the coup, people were looking to the united nations for help. >> they said the people of myanmar, including committed civil servants, or the real heroes and protectors of the nation's democratic progress. but she wanted the hope that they place in the united nations
james: she also told investors -- ambassadors there's an urgency. how much more can we allow military to get away with? we must be clear, previous and current crimes will not go unpunished. the end of the meeting, the u.k. ambassador briefed reporters as diplomats worked to create a new statement. >> the committee has said they want targeted, robust sanctions and a total arms embargo. why are you not considering those measures rather than just more words? >> the u.k. has taken bilateral sanctions on individuals, on trade, and we have reviewed our aid. but from the u.n. point of view, any further measures would require agreement from all councilmembers. james: the ambassador of the
european union told me that even if the security council can't agree sanctions, there will be mounting international pressure on the military. >> you know, they might survive isolation for some time. but in the end, judgment will come. there will be accountability, especially for people who go against their own population, shooting innocent women. it's just, it's not sustainable, and i think they know it at heart. james: negotiations continue among diplomats, trying to come out with a security council statement. what's not clear is whether two permanent members of the council are prepared to support a much harsher condemnation of the military. james bays, al jazeera, at the united nations. anchor: tiktok says it's removing videos of death threats against anti-queue protesters from members of myanmar's military. digital rights groups has found
more than 800 such clips on social media since the coup last month. it showed armed men aiming rifles and cameras, telling protesters they'll be shot in the head. at least three people have been killed and others injured after missile strikes in northern syria. they had a market in oil refineries near the turkish border. some also landed elsewhere. both areas are turkish backed fighters. some missiles were launched from russian warships. others were fired by syrian government forces. pope francis has called for tolerance and unity during his trip to iraq. he's the first pontiff to visit the country, which was one of the world's oldest christian communities. but in recent years, hundreds of thousands have fled. on saturday, he'll meet the
highest religious authority for iraq she a muslims. -- shia muslims. >> an historic trip to an historic land, pope francis long-held wish to set foot in the homeland of this ancient christian community became reality. his visit aims to boost morale among iraq's christian minority, which has dwindled in recent years as a result of war and persecution. and he wants to encourage religious coexistence between muslims, christians, and other religious minorities. >> the politicians need to promote the spirits of solidarity. there is corruption, abuse of power. that is not the way. you need to think of justice, transparency to strengthen certain values. that's of credibility can grow, so everyone, especially the young people, can have hope for the future. >> this is the first time the head of the roman catholic church has visited iraq, the
country long mired in political, economic, and security crises, most recently the war against isa, and the tax -- isil, and the tax by groups. iraq hopes the pope's visit could mark a new beginning. >> this is an historic chance to have this visit be a cornerstone in building peace, increasing cooperation, increasing the tolerance and understanding among all sides of society. >> the president mentioned the pope's visit is a great message for coexistence. he applauded him for having come here, for having made this journey despite the many challenges the country is going through. not just the pandemic, but the many security challenges that iraq is facing. the pope visited the our lady of salvation church in baghdad to commemorate the victims and honor the survivors of a 2010 al
qaeda attack, which claimed more than 50 lives and accelerated the exodus of christians from iraq. but can his words make any difference, politically, or stop the decline in iraq's christian population? >> no, i don't think so because they are coming back depends on the situation. securities, stability, jobs, services. and this is the task of the iraqi government to create a good atmosphere to encourage people to come back. >> that would mean reining in armed groups and strengthening the rule of law and the respect for human rights issues that many would argue lay at the root of iraq's current problems. simona faulting, al jazeera, baghdad. anchor: let's bring in a fellow at the net asphalt institute. -- washington institute. the pope is saying all of the
things, peace, love, and harmony for the global community, and that's what they want to hear. but it's more often than not been at war with itself, iraq. the next three days is going to be difficult to navigate the various personalities, politicians, and religious leaders that he's going to have to and need -- have to need. >> well, good to be with you. this is a good story. so far, they won. it's gone well. having met the president and the prime minister and the politicians, all eyes are next unto his visit to niger. and then later on, the mass prayer, the mass the pope is going to hold in france will hear very soccer feral -- soccer field. the politics of iraq is one of dysfunction and corruption, in the pope was rather blunt today,
highlighting those challenges, safety, security, and all of that beholds to the iraqi government. but at least this is good news. this is historic. this is groundbreaking. but it also shows once iraqi's put their money to something, they can do it. the visit has so far gone well. anchor: let's focus on one issue, the estimated 100 million christians that have already left the country. look he do as the pope to make the minority christian community feel wanted, or a benefit their own country, considering the numbers leaving speak for themselves? >> i think it's all about symbolism. it's about nudging the iraqi community, meeting and adding a religious mandate layer to the iraqi political mandate to preserve and protect the christians on the one hand. but he also has a message to the
christian community to stay and not leave. but the prospect is serious and that's why the pope is really daring not only the rockets that fall on baghdad, and covid as well, but history. iraq has a history of once having a thriving jewish community that they were forced out of iraq. in the 1940's, they were a vibrant community. they were middle-class, upper-class. and that community has completely vanished. so, it's very possible for the christian community to vanish. other minorities to vanish. and isis did want to achieve that, so it takes a push and a pull, and a quest and a plea to the community to stay, but also a demand of the iraqi government and the authority to make preserving christianity of iraq a priority. >> saturday's meeting with the grand ayatollah, has a very
influential she a cleric -- she a cleric, his words resonate. in the mere pictures of the pope and him together on saturday is going to speak volumes. it will be interesting to hear what he has to say. >> i believe the symbolism and the weight is transnational, very significant. what distinguishes him from other religious leaders, he doesn't follow the orders of the state. he's not an employee of the state, so his word does carry, perhaps, significant weight beyond iraq, transnationally, as i said. that's important, putting his weight behind the message of protecting minorities not only through playing with the politicians, but through laws and regulations on one hand. but i think it's also a message in the rivalry, perhaps, the
unspoken rivalry for which one represents the center of shia islam. the model that he is also setting for his successor is not one of tolerance. there's a significant message there. i don't assume there will be any speeches presented or given. definitely, they said there will be any papers or documents signed, but the symbolism is going to speak volumes. >> interesting to see what happens late in the day. thank you for joining us from washington, d.c. >> thank you. anchor: still ahead on al jazeera, a controversial and drawn out case of witness tampering. charges against a former president could be dropped. >> we're going to fly. anchor: coronavirus can delay world cup qualifiers to top
players not being allowed to go home. ♪ ♪ meteorologist: after a legacy of heavy rain in the river, this is the threat to cincinna cincinnati is used to occasional flooding. it's only minor. and there's no more rain to come. saturday's forecast shows a particularly wet time in florida, and winchell across -- windchill across the north west -- northeast, particularly eastern canada. first to british columbia and then into washington, oregon, and california. significant snow in the mountains, not a very powerful system. i think it will soon die out after sunday. a look at temperatures. by day, teens in the temperatures.
in the caribbean, things are quiet. because we are exporting occasionally colder air from the u.s., florida iswet, same is true for the northern be hamas. kinko -- the bahamas. cancun, a wet day. in south america, the significant rain is on the traditional seasonal band, running for rio and san pablo towards peru. some big showers around. ♪ ri >> nine years ago, al jazeera was the first major network to find evidence of genocide in miramar. when the tragedy of the rohingya was mostly unknown.
♪ hitting genocide on al jazeera. ♪ ♪ anchor: welcome back. you're watching al jazeera. a reminder of our top stories. another two supporters of senegal's opposition leader died on friday. they are demonstrating against sonko's arrest. the united nations special envoy is calling for swift action from the security council against myanmar's military and follows
the killing of another anti-coop protest or friday during a march in the city of mandalay. and pope francis has called for tolerance and unity during his historic trip to iraq. it's the first -- he is the first pontiff to visit the country. it's one of the world's oldest christian communities, which has been dwindling in recent years due to conflict and persecution. prosecutors in columbia are moving to drop charges of witness tampering against the former president. he's always denied accusations he bribed a former paramilitary member to hide his death squads. colombia's public prosecutor is asking a judge to end criminal proceedings, saying there is no evidence the former president committed a crime. we have more from bucket on. >> the attorney general's office had until friday to decide if he was going to formally charge the former president in a case that has deeply divided the
colombians. this decision now to request to shove that investigation could be the end of a case that started back in 2018. the country's supreme court was investigating him, placing him under house arrest for two months. that is until your rebate decided to resign -- uribe decided to resign his senate seat under colombian law. his critics alleged the move would have favored him since the attorney general is a close ally of the current president. the chief prosecutor in the case said in a statement on friday that after a comprehensive investigation of the evidence, there is no proof he had committed a crime. uribe tweeted, "thank god for this positive step." cepeda was accused of being
behind it, and said he, together with the lawyers of the witnesses in the case, will appeal the decision and to the lead prosecutor for malfeasance, accusing him of invalidating evidence and missing the investigation of the supreme court. >> this morning, we witnessed a most shameful spectacle in the history of the attorney general's office, a surrender of an investigation under a scrupulous power. >> the announcement risks further tarnishing columbia's view of the legal system, which many see as biased in favor of the powerful. a judge will have to decide if the case will indeed be shelved in coming weeks in a public hearing. the promises to keep -- hearing that promises to keep colombians on edge. ♪ anchor: a battle over extending
federal jobless benefits in the u.s. is delaying president joe biden's massive coronavirus relief bill in the senate. the 1.9 trillion dollars package would go towards vaccines, emergency payments, and help for the unemployed. it nearly passed its first hurdle on thursday night, but senators are adjusting over competing proposals. >> without a rescue plan, this is going to slow. we can't afford one step forward and two steps backward. we need to beat the virus, provide a sense of relief, and inclusive recovery. people need the help now. in less than two weeks, enhanced unemployment benefits will begin to expire. for 11 million people. at least 7 million kids will have enough food to eat on a regular basis. 13 miller people are behind on their rent. a rescue plan is absolutely essential for turning this around. anchor: our correspondent annie gallagher joins us now from miami. where are we from -- on the
debate, andy? it seems quite in the senate. andy: it's essentially quite boring to watch, but you can hear the frustration in president biden's voice. he wants to get this $1.9 trillion rescue package through as quickly as possible because the makeup of the senate is a 50/50 split, republican senators are doing all they can to slow this package down. they see it as being too costly and not targeted enough, and also mitch mcconnell was calling it a left wing fest for funding things that don't need to be funded at the moment. all that has led to is certain compromises, the most significant of which is senator bernie sanders proposal to raise the minimum wage to $15. seven democrats voted against it and one independent. is also a compromise in unemployment checks. there was some good news coming out of the u.s. today, and that
is the latest job figures., almost 400,000 people getting jobs. but there are still 9.5 million people in this country that have been out of work since this pandemic started. so, for biden, this is his biggest piece of legislation. he wants to get this through. he wants to help the american people. the republicans are trying to make this slow. they are getting their way on some aspects of this bill, but it looks certain this bill will eventually reach president biden's desk by sometime next week. anchor: thanks very much, andy gallagher there for us in miami. now, the head of the world health organization is urging drug companies to weigh patents on drugs and technologies during the pandemic. he also says production needs to be ramped up. >> many countries with vaccine manufacturing capacity can start producing their own vaccines by waving intellectual property rights as provided for in the
agreement. those provisions are there for use in emergencies. if not is -- now is not a time to use them, then when? this is unprecedented times and we believe that this is a time to trigger that provision and wa ive patent rights. we think south africa and india for their proposal to the wto to waive patents for covid-19 until the end of this unprecedented pandemic. anchor: now, canada's health regulator approved the johnson & johnson vaccine. it's the fourth one to be cleared for use. prime minister jusn trudeau said the governor signed up for 2 million doses. it's also ordered millions from pfizer and moderna. trudeau promised to get enough
doses to vaccinate all canadians by september. fifa president will hold a virtual meeting with the south american federation on saturday over players not being allowed to return from world cup qualifying games. manchester city manager won't let his players go because of coronavirus and quarantine concerns. south american countries have two qualifying coming up. english players face 10 days of quarantine on the return. this run of games may have to be postponed. >> no sense. go in there for 10 days, no training session, 10 more days, one week. we play for the league, just in case, and we don't play. i don't know what's going to happen, but they are not going to fly, fisher. >> a football writer understands the club's concerns. >> the big issue is the issue of
quarantining players when they return, and clubs are rightly worried some of their best players will miss crucial games at a crucial stage in the season, the champions league quarterfinals, firstly kick off a week after these international matches. so, players could conceivably miss the most important games of their season. there will have to be some sort of compromise. may be a deal will be offered by fifa, but i think clubs will want to restrict their players playing for their countries, and either what will happen is they will have to reschedule the games at some stage. that's going to prove difficult because they already delayed and canceled games in a marathon world cup schedule. country has to play 18 games over the course of the campaign. the schedule will be squeezed and we will have to find some sort of time in the schedule to fulfill the qualification. i think they will manage to get them there in the end.
it will take some arguments, some very heated discussions between the federations and the federations in the clubs. i think the schedule lists will have to be rescheduled. friendly matches will go by the wayside. they will have to find a way to fulfill it. ♪ anchor: you're watching al jazeera. a reminder of our top stories. to supporters of senegal's opposition leader have been killed in protests on friday. that takes the total to four in three days of confrontations with police in the capital. they are demonstrating against a detention. we have more from the capital. reporter: the response from the government itself has been muted. just a statement saying, telling people to stay indoors and follow the rules and regulations instilled by the government.
look at the protest behind me here. this is a defiant crowd. it seems to be unwilling to listen to the government's advice. they want to get towards the march that is ahead of us where there are the opposition actors and civil societies that have gathered together and called on this march against the government. also calling for the liberation. anchor: the united nations special employee is urging swift action from the secured counsel against myanmar's military. the call follows the killing of an anti-coup protester on friday during a march in the city. 50 people have been killed since the military seized power last month. the head of the roman catholic church has called for tolerance and unity during a historic trip. pope francis is the first pontiff to visit a rack. it has one of the world's oldest
christian communities which has been dwindling due to persecution. prosecutors in colombia are moving to drop charges of witness tampering against the former president. he has always denied accusations that he bribed a paramilitary member to hide his connections to death squads. the public prosecutor is asking a judge to end criminal proceedings, saying there's no evidence of crime. a battle over extending federal jobless benefits in the u.s. is delaying joe biden's massive coronavirus relief bill in the senate. the 1.9 trillion dollar package would go towards vaccines, emergency payments, and help for the unemployed. it narrowly passed its first hurdle but senators are now arguing over competing proposals . the package of existing relief measures expires next week. those were the headlines. more news on al jazeera. stay with us. ♪
>> when we talk about reproductive health, it's a very sensitive area. what we try to do is get community. people respond to it. ♪ >> let me show you something. this iswhere i live, it's a verl cup of coffee. millions of people around the world exist on less than this amount today. the numbers have gone down. there's a lot of work to be done. at a time when the world is looking at how to reach its extreme poverty, the spotlight has been turned on women. they have the opportunity to be
actively involved in their local communities and economies. huge benefits to the people around them. investing in women pays off. it's not just the right thing to do, it is smart economics because there's a ripple effect that spreads into the community. let's take a look at how this works on the ground. in this film, we had to new guinea where women have come up with creative approaches to family planning. they had to because the nearest clinic was hours travel away. in the developing world, the risk of dying in childbirth goes up when women have more than four children. having bigger families is due to lack of access to valid planning rather than making a positive choice. this is where this doctor comes in. her team found that talking to men was a great way to help women. >> my aim in life is to ensure
that i share all the knowledge i have with my people to improve their standards of living. i'm a trained medical doctor. i started my career with trying to tape a step back and see what this country really needed. >> the population growth and pop in a getty is increasing. what we are feeling is really the pressure. this is faced on all levels of our way of life. women are actually having more children than they need. that is, of course, tied to the mortality rate that we have. ♪
we started to realize that we couldn't take another countries approach. we looked at culture. out of it came that it was male-dominated. men were in charge of decision-making. to be able to get a sense, we needed to tap into that system somehow. i'm going to meet the product manager for eastern islands. the original manager for the region. [laughter] thank you. how are you? hello. hello. [speaking foreign language] >> tell me about your activity plan.
>> we have to emphasize more iud and the benefits. people are more manageable -- knowledgeable about implant. imagine the contraception. last time, we went to eog. there was high demand there. there is acceptance. why can't we get some of this? see if they can disturb it for us. >> that's what we said. we did not find a way to go out there. [speaking foreign language] >> it looks good. >> [speaking foreign language]
you can re-strategize and focus on the pandemic for six months. thank you for coming. [laughter] >> no problem. it is way overdue. >> with the mortality rate very high, i strongly feel that family-planning is the best intervention at this point in time. ♪ the more pregnancies a woman has, she puts her self at risk of a maternal death. after three, it gets complex. anyone with four and above
they provide services for family-planning especially. it's really important. it provides access for the people. going to remote areas, you find it's very inaccessible. long distances they have to walk to get to the nearest health center. >> we still have a long way to go. papa new guinea's terrain is quite rough in terms of its geography. it's very difficult to get to the most are more -- remote villages. ♪ we can only go as far as the road ends. then we have to walk. that means having to carry whatever we have in terms of supplies.
we have to climb mountains. this walk is definitely going to be more than a mile. the locals say it's 30 minutes. ♪ we take services right to the clients. it's always been a one-way approach. it's very officious -- efficient and effective to the people. if they don't take it, it has to come from both sides really. there's a consumer at the end who will use it. if the consumer is not willing, it could be a waste of resources in a sense. hello. >> hello. [speaking foreign language] >> we always thought, especially
for the men in the islands, that they would be the biggest barriers in terms of accepting culturally family-planning. this is the leader of the village that we are visiting. [speaking foreign language] >> we have come up against challenges in the family-planning service provided to the communities we work with. it usually comes from men. [speaking foreign language]
>> a man can't even carry a pregnancy but he can make comments about the reproductive health of a woman. they talk about irregular bleeding, which i don't see as a big problem as compared to a woman dying in delivery of a pregnancy. men are considered as head of the family. and head of the family, you are the decision-maker. in this journey, what we've done is really ensure that he continues to play his role. in doing so, he also accepted that planning a family is also his role. >> [speaking foreign language] vic tech dummies -- vasectomies have become very popular. they heard about it. [speaking foreign language] >> outreach court nader for one
of our outreach teams. he's a registered nurse himself. he's also a vasectomy provider. he's able to have some of the men in the village sign up for vasectomy procedures. he's currently talking to them about their decision of having vasectomies. [speaking foreign language] >> most complications will be
reduced. it will decrease the maternal mortality rate for the country. right now, it is quite high. >> the population distribution, 20% under 15 years of age. that's a very important statistic for sexual reproductive health providers. they are going to become reproductive age soon. we have to have contact with them before they move into the age of reproduction. it's just the right thing to do. that we prepare a future generation for the issues that we are trying to tackle now. emergency contraceptive, the
of the crowd. this, he can sustain and we come in and give our message and then he continues to sustain that attention. i'm driving to the clinic where we have our team doing vasectomy procedures on some of our clients. i will have an opportunity to speak to the service provider and see how they are going basically. [speaking foreign language] we have a group of men who have had a vasectomy, who have awareness of vasectomy. they would like more detail about the procedure and how would affects their sexual activity. there's a lot of very low levels of awareness and knowledge.
it's male-dominated. vasectomies are a way of giving the decision-making back to the man. they are already the decision-maker. when they decide for vasectomy, they are playing a -- their role. [speaking foreign language] you find that men become more responsive when they have small focus group discussions. once one asks a question, it just goes and keeps going. >> [speaking foreign language] >> after this session, they will go in for a one-on-one counseling. at the end of the counseling, he decides. if he chooses the procedure,
they go into the procedure room. >> [speaking foreign language] less than five or six minutes. >> [speaking foreign language] >> traditionally, there's an high increase of population. it can be an issue. land means wealth. when it comes to distribution, the people except that if you have more children to distribute, you have less land to give to each child.
then they think about the future when these children have children. eventually, their portion is divided and subdivided again. when people are given the opportunities for them to think about this, they realize, that's going to happen. navy should discuss it. that's how we get them on the journey. ♪ >> [speaking foreign language] >> it takes about five minutes. it doesn't take that long. there's no sophisticated type of
instrument that we use. after the procedure, they can walk back home. this is one of the contribute in factors that the men like. they don't have any complication after the procedures. >> ok, bye. >> doing vasectomy at this stage is really for people who didn't receive that knowledge on how to plan. now they are doing a retrospective decision-making. they realize, maybe i should stop. it is more reactive at this stage. as we progress and as the program gets better, it's my hope that people become more into planning their family. so that they can decide on the methods and not be reactive with the decisions they make in
family-planning. ♪ when a woman can decide for her body, how many children she wants and how many years spacing in between, it empowers her. she realizes it. >> there's an obvious connection between family size and poverty. the more children you have, you become economically weakened i guess. family-planning does shape lives. when you do family-planning, you ensure that a woman finishes her education. she's able to work. she's able to share choices and have a long-lasting relationship with her partner. food, clothes, education for the children that they have. ♪ i have two daughters. i would like to leave this world
chris: we have two children, a boy and a girl. then it was a girl and a boy. natasha l toro the lile miss stie pagnt, a te of paage wi new meang ren:an i t on your old dress from wn you di litt miss weie? del to: gender fami, ancoming oage. anuncer: please wcome renccarth detoro: "ltle missestie," on ad ♪ ♪