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tv   DW News  LINKTV  January 26, 2022 3:00pm-3:31pm PST

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♪ >> this is dw news, left from berlin. a last-ditch diplomacy to prevent war in ukraine. the u.s. and nato deliver a place to moscow security demands. they say they are offering the kremlin a peaceful path out of the crisis. also coming up, the british prime minister under fire. boris johnson fights for political survival ahead of a report for alleged rule blinking -- rule breaking.
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parties are fueling calls for his resignation. german lawmakers debate expanding the vaccine mandate. there's already a requirement for health care workers. they have to be vaccinated by march or risk losing their jobs. in the u.s., a bid to bring skyrocketing prices under control. the u.s. federal reserve said it will hike interest rates. as consumers contend with the highest inflation in decades. ♪ good to have you with us. nato and the u.s. have delivered their response to moscow security demands. moscow demanded a guarantee that ukraine would never join nato and the alliance would seize military activity in former several republics -- former
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soviet republics. antony blinken says washington set out on a path to resolve the conflict but said that u.s. made no concessions to the main demand for key if -- kyiv. the general said it was time for both sides to improve dialogue and diplomacy by reestablishing the respective offices in brussels in moscow. here's moref what stoltenberg had to say. >> we call once again on dissolution of the situation. -- de-escalation of the situation. the agreements must be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy. not to force or the threat of force. we have written proposals to russia. we have done so in parallel with the u.s. >> we can speak to go a
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security -- a security counsel relations are presented if. do you think this will move the needle at all in diplomatic progress? >> unfortunately, i don't think it will change much. moscow's demanding a rejection -- a polite rejection of them. it was inevitable. this was consciously done in muska, -- in moscow. moscow use this as a pretext for war. or some say that their work -- there were concerns about path
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forwards. honorable offramps to de-escalate the situation. that depends on whether russia takes this anxious threats seriously or if russia thinks that a war will cause it more trouble than it will gain, given the increased support of european and u.s. nations in the military field. that remains to be seen. we don't know the decision on this yet. >> you say this back-and-forth of the letters will not make a difference in terms of a diplomacy and dialogue. you mentioned sanctions. whether moscow will take the threat seriously. you said only severe sections will have an effect on vladimir putin's decision-making. what do you define as severe sanctions? >> putin thinks russia can only survive the 21st century if it is an empire, not only by land
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force but also by population and governing over industrialized cities and centers. that includes the ukraine. he think this is a very important strategic objective for russia. he will only be scared if sanctions will foiled a plan for russia being as strong as mighty and -- strong and mighty as survivable as he wanted to be. that means sanctions on the energy sector one we are the other. -- one way or the other. a large decoupling of the european and american consumer market from russia. because that undermines russia's financial resources and technological and societal bonds to that market. anti-european technologies -- and european technologies that russia sees as a great power,.
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even freezing put in's -- putin 's personal assets, i don't think it will make him rethink what he is doing. >> is it really that clear that vladimir putin's intent on invading ukraine? because there seem to be real questions being asked about that here in berlin and certainly brussels as well. >> yes, a lot of european countries think the situation is not that serious. i'm a military expert. i will look at it from a military point of view. if you look at the formations and logistics, the preparation, it is pretty serious. you also see other tools being leveraged during exercises or to threaten -- the threats against ukraine have been pretty consistent, the demand have been out there. -- demands have been out there. the willingness to use military force has been undermined by
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lavrov and putin himself. i think we should take that seriously. >> we will have to leave it there. from the european council on foreign relations, thank you for sharing your perspective with us today. >> thank you very much. >> british prime minister boris johnson is bracing for the results of a report that could spell the end of his time in office. an internal investigation is looking into his participation in a series of parties that took place while millions and the u.k. will or -- in the u.k. were entering rotavirus lockdowns. -- coronavirus lockdowns. he once again refused to step down. reporter: anger ran high in the u.k. parliament, as mps questioned prime minister boris
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johnson. opposition leaders want johnson to resign, saying he lied to the parliament. >> whatever he says in his statement later today or tomorrow will not change the facts. the premise or and the government have shown nothing but contempt for the decency and honesty and respect that defined this country. -- define this country. >> we love this country and we are doing everything in our power to help this country. and of course he wants me out of the way, mr. speaker. of course he wants me out of the way. of course, i don't deny it. for all sort of reasons, many people want me out of the way. i will tell you the reason he wants me out of the way is because he knows this government can be trusted to deliver. reporter: the u.k. leader is in a political crisis over allegations that he attended
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parties during lockdown. johnson wants to continue in office. there are other mps that believe he has become a distraction from other important issues facing the u.k.. >> sucking attention from the real issues facing the public. 40 cuts brexit, the soaring cost of living have pushed millions of families into poverty. it is time to get this over with. show the premise of the door. reporter: public trust in johnson's leadership is at an all-time low. one pulse adjusts -- one poll suggests the majority want them to resign -- want him to resign. >> my mother didn't meet her grandchild until her child was six months old because of restrictions and all that kind of stuff. reporter: the findings of an internal investigation headed are expected soon.
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the party is waiting on the decision to hold a no-confidence vote. >> our correspondent in london has been following the story for us. reporter: the speculation the premise to's follicular -- the prime minister days are numbered is not going away. several numbers of his own party even have publicly called for him to resign. now this criminal investigation into allegations of gatherings during lockdown restrictions. the prime minister again today said he was not going to resign. so his fate really lies on the hands of members of his own party. many are awaiting the findings of an internal inquiry. the report into these alleged gatherings. what they really want to know is the extent to which the prime minister is impleaded. -- is implicated in whether or not he lied to parliament. something that would be a resigning matter.
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it looks tonight like that report is not going to come through. at least not in time for the prime minister to make a statement on it to mps as promised. the way it continues, this purgatory for the prime minister and a party, and for the public to hear the findings of the report. all the while, the allegations have dripped into the public domain and are becoming more damaging to the prime ministers own party. >> that's other stories making news around the world -- the u.s. up in court justice, stephen breyer, will retire in june. he is one of the liberal justices on the court. the announcement gives president joe biden an opportunity to nominate a replacement. his predecessor secured the appointment of three supreme court justices. the european union has condemned monday's coup in burkina faso. they are calling on the military junta to restore because additional order and release all of those detained.
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starting with the countries austin president -- ousted president. people across australia have taken to the streets to protest australia day. many carrying the australian aboriginal flight. the contentious anniversary marks the arrival of the british in 1788. protesters status this italy looks the country's national identity to colonialism and they want the date changed. pope francis called on paris not to condemn their children if they are gay. he made the comment in his weekly general audience at the vatican. it is another gesture of outreach to the lgbtq community. which has long been marginalized by the catholic church. kurdish led forces say they have regained control of most of a prison in northern syria, days after it was taken over by inmates. dozens of people were killed when detained members of a so-called islamic state seized the site last week. the u.n. has expressed deep concern over hundreds of children being held at the facility.
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reporter: the battle outside these kurdish led forces firing on isi to. inside, hundreds of children were caught in the crossfire. the united nations's children's agency says the situation is dire. >> the unconcern, the conce is not behind us, we are talking about at least 800 children. reporter: the prison in the northeastern part of syria is in a region controlled mainly by kurdish forces. many of the children's parents were isi to. drn from all over the world. they were detained during fighting in 2019. they drove by us from the last territory they held in syria. kurdish forces controlled the city in prison, whi was attacked last week in an attempt to free comrades.
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german lawmakers have started debating mandatory vaccines to slow the spread of the coronavirus. the debate is taking place with the omicron variant tightening its grip and sending infection rates soaring to record levels. but lawmakers and the german public remain divided over requiring everyone to get vaccinated. reporter: these people have already formed their opinions on mandatory vaccinations. they disapprove.
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that's why they have taken to the streets to central berlin while the matter is discussed next door in the german parliament. inside the bundestag, views are more diverse. chancellor schulz and the health minister favor compulsory shots for everybody over the age of 18. but some members of the coalition partner parties have different views. >> i am speaking as a representative of all colleagues in this house who propose a so-called middleweight -- we make vaccinations mandatory for people over 50 for those who are particularly vulnerable. everyone else over 18 must attend a mandatory vaccination advice session. >> r&d antiviral drugs -- >> aren't the antiviral drugs also an option? what and to prevent hospitals from overload? i don't dare of a final verdict today, but we have to examine the alternatives to the best of our abilities.
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reporter: it is a first exchange of views here in the bundestag. pretty much every possible opinion has been expressed by someone or other to the more than three hour long debate. the majority of the electorate believe making vaccines mandatory is the right step. >> i am in favor of mandatory vaccination. because i think we should watch out for each other and find a way out of this pandemic as soon as possible. >> i think it is a very difficult topic, even if i believe everyone should be vaccinated. because the integrity of one's own body is something nobody should interfere with. >> i am personally against making vaccination mandatory for certain groups of the population only. for example, for health care personnel. to me this would be the worst solution. either you make it mandatory for everyone or for no one. reporter: with views this
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divided both in and outside parliament, a potential vaccine mandate will not come into effect before summer. many experts say that will be too late to curb skyrocketing infection rates. >> let's check in on other developments in the pandemic -- the u.s. has shipped 400 million covid-19 vaccine doses to countries in need. to donate more than a billion doses to low income countries. sweden is extending current corovirus restrictions by another two weeks. denmark is moving to lift most restriction it annnced it no longer considers covid-19 socially critical disease. eastern european countries, including poland, hungary, the czech reblic have all hit their highest infection rates o the pandemic. the regionoes have some of europe's lowest vaccination rates. u.s. interest rates are set to climb. the federal reserve plans to raise its key rate in a bid to fight surging inflation.
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prices in the u.s. are increasing at rates not seen since the early 1980's. driven by energy and food costs. the central bank is likely to reach interest rates for the first time in nearly two years and wind down its asset purchasing program. that could help hold the economy. which has been overheating in recent months. pushing prices up. we are tracking the story for you. chelsey, what do you make of the news of the fed? that they will be raising interest rates? >> i think this shows of this era of basically extremely loose monetary policy -- of central banks flooding the economy -- the world economy with money is coming to an end. what we heard from the fed today is that they do soon think it will be appropriate to start raising interest rates. that will likely mean they will start doing that in march. the labor market and the u.s. has recovered a lot, unemployment is back below 4%, almost at a record low, they cited, but the bigger
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problem for the u.s. is inflation is at a 40 year high -- 7% in the last reading. for a lot of people, things are getting a lot more expensive, people's purchasing power is really starting to a road -- to erode. the fed is going to have to raise interest rates to offset that. it's like making money more expensive. it means people are going to have to pay more to borrow or get a mortgage, to buy a car, as well as companies. that should help to bring down some of this demand and cool off inflation. >> will that also slow the economy down? >> that's definitely a major concern and a lot of critics say that because the fed has waited so long, because they were so insistent for such a long time that this inflation was going to be transitory and temporary, people are afraid they are going to have to move very aggressively here. the fed likely will raise rates at least three times this year. potentially for maybe even five times -- four, maybe even five times. a significant constraint on the economy. we are talking about people
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having to pay more for mortgages, cars, companies having a harder time raising money. that could ultimately mean that companies start not hiring as much. there definitely is a significant trade-off for the economy. >> what would that mean for the rest of the world? >> this has implications for literally the entire world, because the fed is in charge of the world's largest economy. it will have an effect on the rest of the world if it slows down. a lot of emerging markets have borrowed trillions of dollars' worth of bonds in u.s. dollars, so once the fed starts to raise interest rates, that means they -- the borrowing costs are going to go up as well. countries like argentina and brazil, turkey, this could be a major crisis for them. >> big implications. chelsea delina, thanks very much for that reporting. the president of the
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international football body, fifa, has been pushing for a b i-annual world cup. he suggested more world cups could prevent migrant deaths. he is -- here is what he said. >> we need to find a way for the world to give to african so that they don't need to across the mediterranean, in order to find may be a better life -- maybe a better life but more probably death in the sea. we need to give opportunities and dignity, not by giving charity, but by allowing the rest of the world as well to participate. >> let's talk more about those comments. chris from dw sports is with us. it sounds like when he is saying is more world cups would save lives -- what he is saying is more world cups would save lives. that is a controversial statement. >> definitely, he's been going
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around the store trying to promote doubling up on the world cups. his comments, spanish authorities report there are 18 deaths of migrants fleeing north africa for the canary islands. the criticism came with the quickness on social media, football supporters of europe tweeted, "how can infantino go? he death to push this plan for profit?" because that was the main push and the reasoning infantino has been given, what he wants to double up on the world cup. pretty much saying it is completely unacceptable to think that money on profit for fifa can solve the migrant crisis. fling a war-torn country is obviously very serious. it is very clear that the link is made, it kind of comes off like comments from a colonizer in my opinion. >> a lot of backlash on the internet. how has infantino responded to
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this? >> he did backtrack, he was addressing the council of europe. the leading rights -- the leading human rights organization. it was addressing those people in power. rather than just trying to link his plan of having to world cups, with solving this issue plaguing the mediterranean sea, over 1300 migrants have died from africa, the middle east, he is trying to save face at this point with his recent post backtrack. >> why does he want to double the numbers of -- the number of world cups in the first place? >> money, they stand a profit of over 4 billion euros. it is an uphill battle already. some governing bodies have threatened to boycott the idea of having to world cups. even with the world cups, it is even in conflict with the summer games, the ioc -- they don't like the idea as well because
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2032, that is scheduled for the summer games. that would be a problem. the only ones in support are all of the african nation states. because they do stand to earn a profit. but hopefully he will come to his senses and we do not see that materialize. >> chris, thank you. a new exhibition in the southwestern german city is drawing attention to the beauty and the plight of the world's coral reefs, under threat from climate change. museum crowd source of the project from crochet fans from around the world, using just your fingers, hooks, and yarn, they fashioned a masterpiece of handicraft in honor of a natural wonder. take a look. ♪ reporter: a living wonder, rendered in crochet. thousands of women have spent our after our -- hour after hour
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in deep concentration with their needles. a collective effort mingled with an ecological message. >> literally we started our project about the great barrier reef, if it ever died out, it would be something to remember it by. in 2005, that was a joke. reporter: the twin sisters first called on people to crochet corals in 2005. together, they wanted to build an entire reef. little did they know that they would be heading the height takes -- the zeitgeist on the head nearly two decades later. combining climate change and environmental protection for their own feminist approach. >> when we started the project, we didn't know how many people might participate. without maybe two thirds of women -- one third men. it's been 99.99% women, of the 20,000 more than 20,000 people who have not participated.
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-- now participated. it is the celebration of the women's work that is an important thing. reporter: as a crochet enthusiast, one of these women is particularly proud of the project. >> i started with one. within two months, i made around 170 of them. they were not easy to make. reporter: what might look like simple stitching is actually complex mathematics called hyperbolic geometry. >> hyperbolic refers to the area that is created by adding another stitch. this area then grows bigger and bigger. reporter: for the coral, it increases its chances of survival. . reporter: at this reef, math meets environmental awareness.
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not all local rules shine -- not all the corals shining bright colors, some are bleached or covered in plastic or rubbish, reflecting the reality in the worl -- the world's seas. >> the u.s. and nato have it delivered the responses to russian security demands amid a standoff over ukraine. top american diplomat anthony blinken said they have made no concessions on demands that ukraine not join nato. meanwhile, the nato secretary-general said the alliance would not compromise on his core principles. more and definitely was -- more in-depth news, coming up on "the day." stay tuned. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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>> these. a commitment to a cease-fire on ukraine's eastern border. the u.s. applies to russia's demands in a letter hand-delivered in moscow. we have the analysis coming up. emmanuel macron has identified one of the most controversial episodes in the algerian war. party

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