tv Cross Talk RT April 26, 2013 1:29pm-2:00pm EDT
download. yourself choose your language stream quality and enjoy your favorite. if you're away from your television just doesn't matter with your mobile device you can watch on t.v. anytime anywhere. hello and welcome to crossfire we're all things are considered. the nonproliferation treaty stands as one of the most important international agreements ever signed the un says the treaty is under threat from such countries
as around a member of the n.p.t. is the treaty fairly applied to some countries get a free pass well others are punished even though they are in complete compliance. across not the nonproliferation treaty i'm joined by my guess what i meant marandi interim he's a professor at the university of toronto in washington we have charles blair he is the senior fellow on state and non-state threats at the federation of american scientists and also in washington we cross to thomas moore he's a senior fellow and deputy director at the center for strategic and international studies right gentlemen crosstalk rose in fact i mean you can jump in anytime you want to run first we heard this week a man thomas countryman assistant secretary for international security and nonproliferation says iran's nuclear program is the greatest threat to the credibility of the treaty n.p.t. how would you reply to that. i think it would be best to say that
the behavior of the united states and its allies is the greatest threat to the treaty because the united states and western powers have been treating iran only not only unfairly but also. in a very disturbing manner the sanctions that have been imposed upon ordinary iranians and the attempts to make ordinary iranians suffer in order for iran to put aside its nuclear program are really pathological if you look at it objectively the iranian nuclear program from the very beginning was supported by western powers billions of dollars were invested after the revolution the iranians felt that they cannot throw that investment out the window and to this date there's been no evidence whatsoever that iran's nuclear program has been anything but peaceful so iran is working within the framework of international law the n.p.t. and the united states and its allies are violating fundamental human rights of the
iranian people by trying to wreck the iranian cum economy and by trying to make ordinary iranians suffer ok tom would you like to reply to that in washington. sure thank you peter i think mohamed i disagree with a number of the things you said first of all it's quite clear from the director general amano and the rest of the international atomic energy agency board of governors reports that iran remains in noncompliance with the binding mandates they've imposed on it through u.n. security council resolutions you can call those western conspiracies but i think that in the main we see lots of military dimensions to iran's nominally supposedly peaceful civilian nuclear program so i think the west is given several options here one is dialogue and one is sanctions and of course there are other options that can be entertaining it was certainly not good news this week that iran had decided to install as revealed by the i.a.e.a.
more advanced centrifuges that could be used of course to make more highly enriched uranium upwards and above twenty percent more like ninety percent if they decided to so i think iran needs to take a pause we need to take a look at the dialogue that came out of see and figure out whether there's not a way to calibrate back from the brink and i don't think by the way that the sanctions that have been imposed have been unduly harsh i think they're an appropriate remedy for where we are right now ok mom would you like to reply to that lot said. what the sanctions have led to the deaths of people in hockey don't let me jump in just so you know that i'm so i'm sorry if you know me too which i'm going to do against you on mohamed ok go ahead first. no i repeat i actually i'm sort of the middle road apart from mohamed hyperbole in terms of calling the united states and western powers pathological i think we need to focus on what your question really was and that was is iran in alleged nuclear
ambitions a threat to the n.p.t. so we can debate whether or not the iranians have actually decided to weaponize their potential capability but the real point is that iran is is not a threat even if they were to develop nuclear weapons it would be bad news for the n.p.t. but it certainly wouldn't signal a tipping point where suddenly we would have dozens of nuclear armed states so i think in the middle ground. i don't think the iranians have decided yet whether or not they're going to actually proceed with a nuclear weapon they certainly can the point that thomas made about them going from twenty to ninety percent enrichment it's it's assess yes you're just enriching it more there's and there's nothing new about that at all any country that has enrichment capability whether it's civilian or not can enrich a certain isotope to a level whatever it wants to so i think that the point is that iran really has not behaved well it has violated the spirit if not the letter of the n.p.t. but even if it were to weaponize its nuclear possibilities i don't think it would
form a threat and i think that's really the message it needs to get out it's not the end of the world ok mom i agree with what i said i agree with what trolls are said in the sense that i think that i don't believe all one hundred ninety countries who are states party to the n.p.t. would withdraw tomorrow if her own weaponized but i do have a strong concern about the impact that iran's weaponization will have on its region certainly if you take a look around iran there are already countries with nuclear weapons i don't think we would want more countries in addition to iran to have nuclear weapons so i certainly agree with charles on that point ok muhammadiyah i hope you were taking notes go ahead a lot said. well i think it's obvious that the anti behave. that leads to human suffering in the way in which western countries pursue it is pathological just like drones killing innocent people without notice at the moment the united states for example is carrying out cyber attacks on
sensitive installations terrorist attacks carried out in iran where scientists are murdered and of course the sanctions are. intended to destroy the iranian economy so and that is that means the intention is to make seventy five to eighty million people suffer but in any case a point that's very important here is that iran has never been in breach of the n.p.t. or the i.a.e.a. if iran has not obeyed u.n. security council resolution says because it is because those resolutions are in fact illegal iran writes as an independent country cannot be trampled upon by the u.n. security council and the u.s. even the u.n. security council itself although it is not a democratic body by any means it has permanent seats people countries with permanent seats and rights of vetoes where you run it doesn't even have a presence in the council but beyond that it doesn't have a mandate to go beyond international law at no point has there been any evidence
even when iran halted nuclear enrichment for over two years and implemented the additional protocol which goes far beyond what most countries in the world do no evidence had ever been found that iran's nuclear program as i said wait a minute wait a minute wait a minute ominous as we know it on the weekend we want to talk you mean the i think he is very he from the very start he was very much in the camp ok tom go ahead jump in well let's let's just i want to make one slight correction to what. and that is that iran is quote implementing its additional protocol in fact it never brought it into. force and it's not acting under it it was provisionally applied for sometime very early on and it stands us in two thousand and four it's been a consistent theme that the board of governors of the i.a.e.a. and the u.n. security council of called on iran to bring in the forces additional protocol and
act according to a limited you disagreed there that's not true iran employment what is the national policy that all we have a period in which a halt to the unlikely addition of these are. all right charles jump in go ahead i think that there is a lot more agreement here than i think we probably have noted so far but what is hindering the argument or the discussion right now is your insistence on having a very black and white view of what is taking place the u.s. is pathological the u.s. is destroying the n.p.t. and so forth and on the other hand you're also arguing that iran has never been in any sort of acting only above ground all of its actions have been completely legal no that's not the case they've been acting in subterfuge we could take this debate to a higher level and ask ourselves why would iran contemplate having a nuclear deterrent and there are very good arguments for that ok but how do you know that's what it's going to have it is the question of the united states. well i
would stress that in fact it is pretty much black and white in the sense that the united states it's clear as day the united states and western countries with the countries that actually benefited from the iranian nuclear program before the revolution alien's of dollars were paid by the iranians the infrastructure was there many thousands of iranians were trained to be a part of their nuclear program and then suddenly the united states and certain powers insist that the iranians these experts and scientists much must drive taxis or something the iranians insist on having nuclear energy just like iran insists on having all sorts of high tech technology iran is developing wind farms it's about being solar energy and it has the right to develop nuclear technology iran has from the very start even what now that it is producing enrich uranium at twenty percent for the teheran. reactor in order to produce medical isotopes it didn't want to produce nuclear energy or enrich uranium at twenty percent but western countries
prevented iran from obtaining the fuel despite the fact that one almost one million cancer patients a year are need of this medicine they took western countries took innocent iran all right gentlemen i have to jump in here we're going to a short break and after that short break we'll continue our discussion on the nonproliferation treaty stay. with. us. ok going out of.
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ok tom i'd like to go back to you in washington the united states says it wants a nuclear free middle east but not israel isn't that. well i think that the desire for a nuclear weapons free zone in the middle east is an old item it's been on the calendar certainly of many i don't know assemblies or general conferences for many years but he said he was going to see is see i think it's i think it's i think it's probably a manifestly aspirational goal to have a nuclear weapons free zone in the middle east until conditions are set that allow people who have them to make a decision that they don't need them anymore and clearly we aren't confronted with those kinds of can do but only one country has nuclear weapons in the middle east well i think that israel's nuclear weapons aren't the point i think the point is that we need to be careful about how we talk about the situation with respect to israel's nuclear weapon or anyone else's as i said earlier my concern with the
iranian program is not so much necessarily that once they develop a weapon they might use one but that it might encourage other people in the region in addition to israel to adopt their own independent nuclear deterrents and i think that that's not a good thing and i think that's something that we need to be more worried about than whether or not we can create a nuclear weapons free zone in the region mohammad which i can reply. well i find it i find it a bit strange because the argument is quite flawed first of all the iran is not producing a nuclear weapon but let's say that the argument is that if you run produces a nuclear weapon that would encourage other countries to produce them as well well if israel has nuclear weapons that encourages other countries to produce them so the israeli regime has to put aside nuclear weapons and then no one has an excuse to produce one anyhow and in fact it's their israeli regime that is actually how with proliferation like in south africa during apartheid ok charles go ahead jump
in. general is currently going on with my main concern. i'm generally in agreement with what thomas pointed out i think that the notion that you can blame let's just have a you notional nuclear program that produces a nuclear weapon in iran that somehow you can blame that on the israelis and their arsenal is farcical i think that iran there are many other reasons why iran would want to have a nuclear deterrence and it's not simply the existence of the israeli arsenal there are power in the area and they're also as a shia country they have real serious security concerns if you look at a map of the united states. pretty much surrounded so there are other reasons why they might want to do it but the idea that it's going to somehow spawn other put for a should i think what thomas brought up is a very good point and i think we should discuss that saudi arabia is obviously the
first country that people look at but other than that i don't think that the risk of a rapid amount of political taking place in the area is likely it just doesn't seem to be in the cards right now in terms of how that's going on now that idea it's a double standard us thinks it's a double standard mohamed right. yes i mean even the talk that iran is produced attempting to produce nuclear weapons is completely baseless and the fact that the iranian nuclear program has always been peaceful seem doesn't seem to be enough for some people in the west because they went in when it comes to western countries you're innocent until proven guilty when it comes to countries like iran you're guilty unless proven innocent and being proven innocent is literally impossible the iranians see the nuclear program as an issue of sovereignty it is both economically important because huge investments were made
before the revolution and the iranians need to need to make money out of those investments and since the united states and western countries have been trying to force iran to stop its nuclear program the iranians have been adamant that they will continue because it's an as i said it's an issue of sovereignty when saddam hussein invaded iran and western countries again sorry but pathologically producer provided saddam hussein with chemical weapons to gas the iranians killing many thousands even people are dying as we speak i'm a victim of chemical weapons the iranians defended their country and prevented saddam hussein from taking any part of the country because it was an issue of sovereignty western countries have to come to some sort of agreement with iran and in fact in the talks that just took place recently the iranians were willing to make significant strides forward to reach some sort of agreement either a step by step agreement or otherwise and western countries the five plus one people who were there simply did not have the authority and they said we have to go
back and speak to our governments so and iran has been waiting for weeks right now so when the iranians go to the negotiating table they go there with authority and western countries their representatives don't have that authority. to reply to that go ahead. well i have no idea whether or not but negotiators claim they did or didn't have authority i think right now the question is can we verify certain aspects of iran's nuclear program by having an on the ground presence that the i.a.e.a. consistently guarantee to the world the nonproliferation benefits that should arise out of iran's compliance with its obligations as a non-nuclear weapon state party to the n.p.t. i think that the question of enrichment is a very difficult one but there needs to be more thought and emphasis placed on how you would have verified enrichment in iran and my direct i think we haven't denied it the russians were perfectly willing to provide fuel for bushehr on a take back basis and the iranians as far as i know were never very respected
receptive to that proposal so at this stage we're confronted with a very clear choice and it's are there we're going to pursue really strong inspections on the ground in iran or are we going to continue down the path that we're on now and the burden really does rest on iran if you take a look at the director general's most recent report to the board of governors there are lots of military dimensions to this program that remain unresolved there are questions involving reprocessing there are questions involving what happened to parchin there are questions involving what happened at fordo so i think we need to focus on how we can verifiably demonstrate to the world everything mohamad has said and i think the burden or the ball is in iran's court in this regard because there's been every intention and effort for more than a decade now to try and bring them to some term of agreement respond mohamed jump in. well of iran's nuclear and so they are monitored twenty four hours a day seven days a week by the i.a.e.a.
every single one of them including fordo and the only reason why fordo was built under a mountain was because the united states and the israeli regime were constantly threatening iran with a military attack which is itself against international law the irony is that it is iran that is constantly being attacked it is iran against whom weapons of mass destruction have been used with the help of western countries chemical weapons and iran has never produced them during the war iran never produced or used chemical weapons the iranians have throughout this whole episode they have had the support of the nonaligned movement which consists of the majority of the countries of the world iran has always been in compliance and that is what the nonaligned movement has said as i said and also russia and china are not in they do not have the same views as the united states the russians have said repeatedly that the so have the chinese that the iranians the iranian nuclear program is peaceful and in fact
you ronny and when the russians put forward a step by step proposal the iranians who are receptive to it the united states rejected it charles want to jump in there. peter i would just yeah go ahead i would point out just a couple points first of all. the notion that somehow the iranian program is a return on investment made prior to the revolution is farcical it could easily choose other methods and do other things it's not cost effective there was recently a study done by a. and it pointed out the great amount of cost it is incurred upon the iranians to pursue the program whether or not it's civilian or military so the idea that that's the motivation behind it really doesn't stand the test it's pretty clear that iran could do certain actions and reduce tensions and that's really the question right
here to try to talk about the israeli arsenal my question is right. mohamed go ahead just say it i'm sorry it's going to go back to mom and dad yes i was going to say that i think it's obvious if anyone even googles they would know that the iranian nuclear program began well before the revolution and billions of dollars were invested in iran also invested in companies that enrich uranium in a company that enriches uranium in france and it right now has shares in the company. the nuclear plant in teheran was built in the one nine hundred sixty s. the nuclear plant plant that is now producing electricity. half built when the revolution took place so you know a huge amount is a huge investment but i don't mean is that yes tom jump in there. ask you a question go ahead. if you had a meeting with i mean the moderate i'm wondering what your advice to him would be
in order to how to convince the west that iran's program was peaceful and if he asked you should iran develop nuclear weapons what would you say go ahead and. why i think you raise a very good point why in the world should iran convince the west is the west the international community this is a very eurocentric point perspective and point of view and other words western countries are judge jury and prosecutor the iranians have a right within the framework of international law and they will not rule relinquish that right it's for the west to even contemplate it is nonsense that that era is gone so your advice will. go ahead john. so your advice to him and he would be to continue with the nuclear program and just not worry about all of the concern that exists outside of iran with respect to it and then on the second there are obviously the iranians have to not develop nuclear weapons i'm i'm not an expert on
nuclear issues or on negotiating but the point is that the iranians have to do their best to deal with both propaganda coming from the west both pressure coming from the west and misinformation that comes from the west the iranians have to continue to convince the rest of the minerals what is coming excuse me if i could just if i could just finish it to convince the west of the rest of the world that western countries are spreading misinformation but of course western countries by blocking all of you in television channels english arabic persian and spanish from satellite throughout the world they are doing a good job in preventing iran's voice from getting outside of its borders. going to start with you look at what are you saying when a twenty seconds charles going into your twenty seconds i would say that there are so many other arguments you you could make to say that the iranians you would any military official in iran that has not at least considered
a nuclear option is not doing their job and so simply say the rounds program is all right gentlemen vaccinating this guy should we have run out of time many thanks to my guest today and to run and in washington and thanks to our viewers for watching us here are to see you next time and remember rules. please. we are physical lot of problem you know. because no one thought to drink school. meds when you things are far.
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