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tv   Going Underground  RT  November 25, 2020 9:30am-10:01am EST

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well, i haven't, i haven't sent the book to either of them, but attorney lincoln is quite familiar with my views and even more familiar with my views is jake solvent because he was working directly for secretary of state hillary clinton, when i was in the state department and we worked together on this quite a bit so they, they know very well that i was a strong advocate of a political settlement at the u.s. troop withdrawal from the very beginning. for me, there of course, doesn't mean i agree with you, expect a job in the new administration is not up to me waiting to hear if anyone is interested in my doing it. because when you say that the you want a withdrawal, perhaps a phased withdrawal, even joe biden, very quick to say that trump has been wrong to withdraw troops from afghanistan, and that joe biden cited the erroneous reports apparently of russian bounties. on a u.s. troops heads very different to the context in your new book is reports uncorroborated, i don't know what if any troops there may be behind them?
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i think what biden has said is just a repetition of long term or long time u.s. policy about wanting to have a counterterrorism presence in afghanistan. but once he examines the current situation, he will see that there is a choice between maintaining the agreement with the taleban and keeping those troops there. so i think when he realised when you evaluates everything, if there is reasonable progress in the negotiations and support for it from the regional countries including russia, then i'm sure that he will go ahead with a troop withdrawal. i would assume that he will advocate the same thing and 2020 that he did in 2000 because he did support the original war famously. joe joe biden. well, they have been rocket attacks scores injured or dead in kabul in just the past few days. a horrific inquiry in australia of showing the torture and killing by australia's defense forces of farmers and prisoners and civilians. yes, we just,
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i know the book starts with the ancient afghanistan. remind us why the u.s. and u.k. funded what would become those who facilitated al qaeda who sent planes to destroy the world trade center in new york, let alone fire them at the pentagon effectively. well, that's, that is a false conspiracy theory. the u.s. and the u.k. did not fund those who protected al qaeda was founded in pakistan in 1008. and perhaps you could say it grew out of the effort by the us focused on saudi arabia and other. what's your host of countries to support the afghan resistance to the soviet invasion of afghanistan. but it was not, it was part of it through out of, let's say, the saudi or arab contribution to it. but it only truly evolved into its current
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form somewhat later in the late 1990 s. . when after osama bin laden had moved back to afghanistan from she death. the people who watch our interview about of course he was a given a u.s. visa to fundraise though in the u.s. for and he was known as the mentor of asama bin laden. yes, he was, he was given him a visa to come and not raise funds supposedly for the afghan, which i mean that was a mistake at the time. although his is, it's interesting that the algerian up to a notch was married to a villa. saabs daughter claims that actually abdullah azzam and the solemn bin laden had split and that of laws i was opposed to the emphasis of all right on attacking the far enemy, you say in the book that soviet withdrawal from afghanistan by gorbachev had less to do with allowing islam is to bring the fray to whatever he was more about desiring. ditto nt, yes. well,
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gorbachev really changed the they say the priorities of soviet foreign policy. and he thought that internal reform was the most pressing priority. and therefore that he needed a good relationship with the west, and that is what he, what he tried to pursue. and by one surprising thing we have maybe just some will be the right of james baker. perhaps facilitating what we now know is war lords by withdrawing aid as part of the negative symmetry that occurred after the soviet withdrawal. well that was yes, part of the way that the did you need the soviet union, which drew from afghanistan under the accords that were cited geneva, 1988 and one president reagan saw the text he didn't like. the fact that aid to the judge did was close to start before the soviets withdrew. so the us policy was that
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it wouldn't stop aid to the ridge on a day until the other side, the soviet union, and that russia stopped a coup the government in kabul. or not is what they agreed on in the fall that she $91.00, which of course led to the collapse of the government. one of the important lessons for today is that the government in kabul did not fall where the soviet troops withdrew. but it did fall when as it was, its funding was withdrawn. so the most important thing for maintaining stability in afghanistan today is not the u.s. troops, but making sure that the international funding for the state must be forced to. yeah, i want to explore the funding in a moment,, just tell me how you have tapped my original holbrooke to be a u.s., a special advisor on afghanistan in the end. a mention that of course he was one of the architects arguably of the war in yugoslavia. where of course is the mists came to fight the sobs and then went into afghanistan. that's when i met him. in the end,
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1905, i was directing a project at the council on foreign relations about what we called the the south balkans. and i thank you to whole brooks, i actually met slobodan milosevic, our visits of serbia in 1905. and i also met the leaders of the cause of our albanians and message only as on both sides. and i was in touch with holbrooke throughout occluding during the word caution and 1999. and so we had, we became friends at that time. and that's really what led to his did his drafting me for this position? he was aware, am i wrong to ask you in there? actually, his involvement in yugoslavia helped create the kind of islamism that led to the 911 attacks. i think it never occurred to him and never occurred to me because it's untrue. so there were no islam as fight as his opponent osama bin laden in the yugoslav war, fighting on the side of the of the european interests as it were. yes,
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there were some, but that was not a cause of of the rise of islam isn't. that was a result of that. and of course, those people have very little of no influence at bosnia today. ok, but of course it's kind of strange. i suppose. if people watching in yugoslavia the worst massacre in europe in reasons i'm stubborn each a whole rig a very controversial figure. do you have to discuss that? well, course that was a massacre carried out by bosnian serbs against against 2 of the defenseless muslims of separate needs. and we have discussed it in particular because of mutual friend david rohde, who was a reporter at the time, was kidnapped and held captive by the bosnian serbs for quite some time. and holbrooke had to use quite a bit of diplomatic effort to get him released. and then david rohde was kidnapped by the taliban, while i was working with holbrooke and we had to make quite an effort to get released by the taliban. including going to see the king of saudi arabia to discuss
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it with him. you come when i mean all brooks said is on the record i was in tears saying i was told to sacrifice throbber nature. i suppose what he means by that is that the use u.s. and u.n. forces were not did not intervene against the massacres and separates it. carried out by the bosnian serbs. i mean how we see things and cause of our bad today. but in this welcome in afghanistan, and you criticized obama's emphasis on counter terror at the expense of civil society building. just to explain a bit about that, because i mean, how many cars i, who's been on this show has alleged that actually the united states under obama was facilitating al qaeda weaponry movements in afghanistan. and that is the former leader of afghanistan telling us that well, i know how mature is i really well, we've been friends for a long time, but i felt that in recent years he has believed some conspiracy theories. it
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because things didn't go his way. and i was one of them that was not sure now because there are always oriental list arguments of why certain people holes become conspiracy theorists and so on and so on. i think even in this book, and you do point to why it would be normal and to be expected. the people in the global south let alone in afghanistan would have this theory that the u.s. has always funded al qaeda and that alone isis in more recent times, given what it feels like on the ground in afghanistan from the provinces to the cities. well, i don't know if i call the ideas about conspiracy theories orientalist isaac, the country in the world is, as it has as many conspiracy theorists right now as the united states. we are suffering a great deal from that. so it's not, it's not something that is unique to afghanistan or the global south. you know,
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that 80 percent of the republicans in the united states believes that the presidential election will stay all of, of course, when people are powerless and unable to control votes. and things don't seem to make sense, they try to come up with serious records, which they do make sense. and also in the way that they seem to make sense as to posit that there actually is some secret power that is controlling everything for malign ends. but unfortunately, the world is much more chaotic so that, well, in fairness to our current president, and i know the book ends before the peace deal. he did succeed in a peace signing deal, don trump, between the taliban in the afghan government. i support that agreement. however, it is not yet a peace agreement, it's an agreement about withdrawal of u.s. forces which also calls for peace negotiations between the afghan government and the taliban leading to a cease fire. those have barely started and i, i do not anticipate that the biden administration will, will,
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the policy will be much different from that. i think the by the administration will also support the peace process the reading your book. this was a, just a big change. i mean, you yourself say that when you called holbrooke's policy of covert destabilization of afghanistan. crazy. and now you mean that was going on through clinton bush, obama trump as beam the savior hasn't. well holbrooke's what i called crazy was not what you are referring to, which is which is a bunch of different policies which. 'd you are referring to as the destabilization of afghanistan, which some of them had better say that was not their intention. but what i just said that it was crazy for holbrooke to think that he could effectively improve the performance of the government of afghanistan by promoting electoral competition against president public karzai. 2. selves not holbrooke. for instance,
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a very much agreed with my analysis of the drug policy and he led the effort to stop a crop eradication and move our drug policy efforts to alternative livelihoods and interdiction of traffickers instead. funny all some of them more from talk demonic . ruben. after this short break now in the post-mortem. how did you major political parties changed in this election cycle? joe biden, maintaining to already be condemned by the democratic coalition. is there such a thing as a true business? did he change the g.o.p.? or did g.o.p. change? just
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normal guy called a memory a little cruiser toward the city and you would need a new epoch times to lead you to surround us long in some of these, which you'll see in the local, which is based on what one would do. it means the course spits out a little digital ship to the of lucas, which you welcome,
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back. i'm still here with dr. bonnet, rubin, former senior advisor to the u.s., special representative for afghanistan and pakistan. and author of a new book, afghanistan, what everyone needs to know. people all around the world are affected by the opium turns into heroin on their streets. and your book seems to just knock down one policy on after another as a doomed to failure. the reason for that is that all of those policies are taking place within the current global regime or narcotics which is to treat narcotics, addiction and so on. as, as criminal, rather than as a medical problem. and the result is that the medical problems people have with
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addiction get charged to a massive criminal syndicates, stead of being treated, and create more problems than they solve. well, not sure if you get a job in the, in any biden administration, that's going to go down. well, joe biden is an architect of the war on drugs which let alone what you itemize is a failure in afghanistan. and has completely the opposite of what you just, i think you'll find that people are capable of learning from experience if, if aid is now a subject here in britain, because we may be cutting it because of coronavirus. your remarks, a university, a colleague says 2 thirds of foreign aid is not going through the afghanistan government and that reduces effectiveness and has quote adverse implications for building state capacity. normally we get the accusation that, oh, you know, if you give the money to the afghan government, it will lead to grow in your book. no,
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that isn't the case. the monies that give it to afghans to spend that money on afghans. there's no way to spend out about it money without generating corruption, because it's, you know, afghanistan's a very poor country. we were spending more than the g.d.p. of afghanistan in afghanistan. the problem is, of course, if you send the money to the government such as that there's a problem of corruption. the government also has a very poor record of what is known as budget execution. that isn't being able to use the money to implement programs. so a lot of it sits there and years rather than being stolen or used. and that's why aid providers go outside the system. but there's just as much corruption in the aid that goes outside the system as there is in the aid that goes inside the system. while aid organizations and the afghan government will refute what you just said, that in this book you say that u.s. policy and cash effectively enabled the how conny network,
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which you might have to explain what that is. how did, how did the aid money end up helping the militant movement that obviously threatens the lives of men, women and children in afghanistan and beyond? well, i am not sure what you are referring to in the book. the economy network is a part of the taleban, as i said, when you spend that much money is such a poor country, there is always a great deal of leakage. and there was, there's corruption in the afghan government and there's also ways that the taliban and others were able to tax the movement of goods along the highways and support themselves in this book, one of your co-authors doctrine to own your guitars. he says that the taliban really did not engaging the global jihad. and in fact, the 1st time ever was when the taliban began to support so-called rebel groups in
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syria to overthrow assad backed, of course, by the british. and american governments is a kind of echo of the backing of the mujahideen against the soviets. the taliban did not formally support anyone in syria. they had their hands quite full on afghanistan. there are some individuals who want to fight there, but most of the foreign fighters who want to fight in syria were not survive gassed . and most of the foreign fighters from afghanistan in syria actually are on the government side. because iran recruited a large numbers of afghan shia to form a coalition called sutton. my union, which is fighting on the side of president assad. so, but it is true very important. it was part of my argument favor a political settlement. while the accepted aid for global jihad is say, themselves never engaged global jihad or on all their activities have been in afghanistan itself. you have a guess waving about the, i mean, you're azerbaijan going for going out again, that syrian rebels are coming across to support the turkish infiltration in. the
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going to karabakh trump, though, drew down, arguably on the syrian war. he didn't go the way, maybe hillary clinton might have also said tried to always play down the obama killing of bin laden. some people might be surprised by one of the lines in your book on afghanistan. the death of bin laden in 2011 changed little is the case that, that's kind of emblematic of media distortions of what's been happening in afghanistan . changing little on the ground in afghanistan, which is what this book it's about. of course, it was affected things for but outside it was already a decline at the time it appears to be in decline since then as well. we've recently had the report perhaps of the law, the successor, and one of the law. he may have died of natural causes popish from very recently.
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and it is your understanding the taliban is no friends with al-qaeda right now. well, i think there are very close relations within the 2 groups in other words of titus supports the taliban. and in return for that they get protection, but the top on do not actively support of side is global jihad. and in fact, al-qaeda is no longer the same organization. it was then, as you see, it's been quite a long time. now, since al qaeda has launched, a direct attack against the united states or the u.k., instead they're active supporting some sympathizers in yemen and syria, in north africa and in the senate democratic republic of congo unsought. so they should have changed their strategy away from attacking the so-called foreign enemy, always in thousands of drowned in the mediterranean to the libya war, the british and american and french bombing of libya. how far the taliban or that
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al qaeda infiltrate and a war. again, i'm to say supported by tony blinken, the secretary of state designate of ajo, my ministration. how far as the afghanistan war now entering the mediterranean coast of north africa and under. 2 all that, i mean, there are no, there are no reports, and i've never heard of anyone from afghanistan being a little bit there. maybe there are some people from all kind of there, but there are absorbing the region. if you start to play that game, i can tell you plenty of times that russia has supported fascists to putting people, lived with it, were which of course, in a lot of damage to russia, i'm afraid politics is a dirty game, but that doesn't mean i think that putin is a fashion is a, is a supporter of the so. so your comparing the united states' support for the libya war? the tony brink, it was involved in with the with the mole and 12 ribbentrop pact. no, no, no. i'm just saying in general, you know, you are, you know, us is, has made
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a lot of mistakes and us has been involved with some very harmful groups out there as a result of there being very poor choices to begin with. i mean, it can indicate a case, but in the case of libya in old day where they believed that colonel gadhafi was on the verge of launching a mess, massacre of civilians in eastern libya. and that is why actually russia originally supported the, the operation. it did get expanded into a regime change operation, but it may be that there was, i don't know that there was a better alternative available because when you have a very brutal regime, a one man regime like that of colonel gadhafi, some kind of changes inevitable. and it's very difficult for it to be carried out in a peaceful way because of the lack of institutions. yeah, we had russian and chinese officials tell us that they regretted the of sentients
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of the u.n. security council over libya right now in your, of their mean repeated terror attacks by people claiming to support isis. diasporan in this book, isis apparently comes from or this is catalyzed by dissident taliban via guantanamo, not dietitians on a diet. was founded in iraq. however, there is a branch of it in afghanistan, obviously. mostly there were pakistani former taliban plus or some afghans whole bunch who had a minor who had been sort of converted to the solve our version of islam while they were at sea were they were actually expelled . because of that, but they say started this new organization over that group is now pretty much wiped out. isis has meaning effectively defeated to the syrian government claims in syria
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. we actually asked on this program president about the roots of the syrian conflict, the discontent, economic inequality in syria that sparked the uprising in 2011. in this book,, you talk about elites in afghanistan, being educated in the u.s., and coming back to afghanistan and the dangers in that new liberal economics creating more inequality than there already is. and there are a lot of graphs in this book about the economic situation in afghanistan, leading to yet more tension. maybe even more islam is to support as the money rises to the top or the money there is, there has been a problem will solve our economic policies of for instance, the farmers will probably make such or of production of poppy harlow have told senators that if he wanted to if we wanted them to shift away from opium poppy,
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we should provide subsidies for the growing. it's because they used to be a big center for growing cotton. but cotton, if they grew it just for the free market, it will be profitable. and of course, taught in the subsidized everywhere around the world, including in the united states and cotton subsidies in the united states actually are greater than the amount of aid that we give to afghanistan. but the us law prohibits so supporting providing subsidies for a crop that might compete with the united states. so a plus, of course, it was against new liberal economic doctrine. so we never did provide a spot subsidy. so there are many cases when, unfortunately that policy was counterproductive. and just finally and briefly, if we do get drawdowns of troops, regardless of who won the november presidential election, you do also talk in the book about the rise of private military contracts has by previously a fan recently mean bankrolled his campaign by quite
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a few military private contract to firms, but the term administration also supported the privatization of military engagement . do you expect more of that in the future? i'm not aware of the being supported by private military contractors on the whole that you know, i remember when i was in the government eliot clinton was working very hard to try to jive dyke or a contract. and i remember her actually screaming at richard holbrooke that she didn't become secretary of state, wanted to have done for another contract, and she was trying to keep trying to get rid of it. but of course, as the u.s. trust out of walter, it presence there will have less use for private military contractors and the largest one, the one that used to be known, but is actually it will, is headed by the brother of the current secretary of education. and he is a very, very strong supporter and was involved in some of the,
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of the information operations as well, against against the democrats or i do. i think that the debt that was blocked, one writes, i'm sure that's, you know, blackwater and similar companies will not join in the favor of the by the strange when invited erik prince on the sound of the monitor event. thank you. thank you. it's over the show will be back on saturday, 30 years and a day in architecture near the river, margaret thatcher resigned as prime minister after years of using u.k. taxpayer money to fund a judge in afghanistan, whose members would catalyze the 911 attacks on new york or washington d.c. until that joined the underground on you tube, twitter dot instagram, and facebook. the world is driven by a dream shaped by the
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dares thinks we dare to ask it's been decades since the fall of spain's fascist regime, but old wounds still haven't tailed into the in the us because only from your own feet, a market economy supposed to me in the us at us is mean older than just the same question, which we know of newborn babies were torn from their mothers and given away and forced adoption. i don't really feel that if i don't roll over, there's a feeling i'll mention to this day. mothers still search for grown children while
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looking in hope for their parents. then what i mean that he will go back. i'll go, i will pull you out of the help it. good luck the museum would have it and i didn't we will always be the good is it also helps home on a party. you to keep it or don't or don't muddy it. people come up to the group on genyen, you know about the how i live and i'm mad at that game and the money. i'm just a number of those who want to know but own november creative i say i give them their genitals. what about nanami?
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and without being as high as it is about for the questions are raised over the astra zeneca coronavirus, fax thing with the us code task force. now saying it is not very effective when taken by all the paypal. all sides of anger grows in france as the countries all make is passive, controversial bill that bans the filming of police officers for quote, malicious reasons. and the white house transition gathers pace, president elect joe biden starts to fill his cabinet with full sparking concerns about washington's intentions abroad.

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