we'll be successful very critical time to sit down and talk. the biggest stories of the week from our see the developers of russia's sputnik vaccine signed an official memorandum of cooperation with. the hope that combining the 2 vaccines will improve advocacy. a new more contagious strain of covert has been detected in england is causing panic worldwide with more than 40 countries banning arrivals from the u.k. . clemency for killers but not for whistleblowers dozens of pardons from donald trump exclude those who spilled the beans on u.s. war crimes that include mercenaries found guilty of the mass murder of civilians in iraq. that there is no justification iraqi blood has become of her miscible and has. told that there will be justice god
willing not just disappear the iraqi government must act soon as possible. and a victory or a defeat of the u.k. prime minister celebrates in historic drugs a deal. chief negotiator describes it as a lose lose situation. thanks for joining us this is r.t. international. and russia's institute of launched a clinical trials of a joint corona virus vaccine that combines elements of jobs developed individually by the 2 parties as c.e.o. explained why they are joining forces with the russians we have 2 main goals the 1st was. to use 1. 1
vaccine all the all the awful the 1st injection and the 2nd to make the alex simpler and the 2nd goal is to hope pretty get better he just when you combine 2 different vaccines are bouncing from pennies a competing against each other everybody is racing against the virus we would need many many vaccines because there is no one single company that can put new scent of x. into the entire world and some of these vaccines have to be easy to use and they have to be cheap because the lower middle income countries can't afford the expensive extra we waited on need to read of the disease when the whole world wanted to go to read it so we on the safety of furry body it's safe around the world oration was asked was that america and not the producers but it's equally or something because we just need to work together and it's our national operation can be just. or all i was thinking about a call that. we spoke to paul hunter a medicine professor at norwich medical school at university of east anglia and
with peter smith an epidemiology professor at the london school of hygiene and tropical medicine and explain why the british russian scientific cooperation in the fight against covert is significant. and one of the problems with the. i don't know virus the vaccines like this but nick 5 in the oxford is that there's always a risk that you can develop immunity to the carrier rather than to the target which is what you are wanting for now if you actually makes these 2 that seem so that you maybe give one vaccine to start and then the other 134 weeks later then you. get over this problem of developing impunity to the carrier that virus and i think there's quite a lot of evidence that actually does work like that but and people have shown this works in other areas so to me the compound elation of the sputnik and the ox so
that's there's any current that see could well improve its efficacy a lot greater than the individual 'd vaccines apart now the problem with. biotech back scenes is that they are cart of. street which is going to make it very difficult to deliver in many parts of the world where it is both the oxford and the the russian vaccine have a much more except of all cold showing in terms of being delivering being able to deliver in many parts of the world aunties and uncles spoke with alexander ginzburg the director of russia's gammell a institute about how their vaccine differs from others. we developed a vaccine from the start of receiving funding to just ration really quite quickly in 5 months the main reason is that for 25 years or more we have been developing at the government a institute a technological form of one which this is vaccine preparation can be made we
already had a wealth of experience not only the technology of how to do it but before that we had even worked out possible concentrations we knew all the dosages needed to obtain an optimal immune response with minimal side effects or. the safety of the vaccine has been fully proven on a very similar vaccine or not identical against not only of all of viruses but also the mers coronavirus so when we were working against we were able to use around 70 percent of an existing element that was one of the indicators by which the effectiveness of a vaccine is most easily measured and this is the presence of until bodies in the blood well if we proceed from that experimental data in a similar vaccine against it all of this protective immunity lasted 2 years we simply didn't have a longer observation period would be to board the pfizer vaccine needs to be transported and minus 70 degrees and yours at minus $23.00 rate. minus 18 for now i'm not some months down the line and i hope that we'll be able to amend the
registration certificate so that this vaccine can be stored not at minus 8 teams or to the household refrigerator temperature of close to 3. the side effects still to force you out of action maybe a rash headache or muscle discomfort and i think the most noticeable effects may be your temperature going up to 38 degrees for 2 days with the take that is in yourself yes on march 30th or along with all my employees and you're still alive not just a live look pretty active with vaccinated my 14 year old granddaughter so you violated your own instructions against vaccinating children that's outrageous you were ready to kill your entire family for the sake of getting vaccine i wasn't going to kill them but prove that the vaccine is completely safe. what is the difference between the oxford vaccine that is astra zeneca and the gamma lanes a tube magazine there are a lot of differences but they're not significant oxford and astra zeneca went from
my point of view along the classical path of working against pathogens with our colleagues applied all the rules for creating influenza vaccines to the creation of a vaccine against 19 and it seems to me that the epidemiological features of this disease pathogen which were not quite accurately calculate the people at pfizer also understand this and have made great efforts to modify the r.n.a. so that it would not be recognized as far as i understand it by protective proteins but i'm not sure whether my colleagues most to solve all the problems on the large scales but meanwhile the european union has launched cross border vaccination against cove it we can see the 1st jobs here being administered under the european programme for the block authorised fines as vaccine called into the head of the european commission has been delivered to all 27 e.u. member states secured contracts with several drug companies on shipment of more than 2000000000 doses that's twice as many as is needed for the whole population to
be inoculated. now this week the world health organization raised the alarm over a new highly contagious strain of co it was 1st registered in the u.k. in the sense spread across europe much of the rest of the world. 16 countries are now confirmed the 1st cases of the new coronavirus variant after it 1st emerged in the u.k. it spread to europe then it reached the middle east and asia and australia on saturday was detected in the western hemisphere with canada reporting its 1st case now the discovery of this new strain prompted many countries to adopt what some would call harsh measures more than 40 countries banned all arrivals from the u.k. eurotunnel services from england to the continent they were suspended and they left
hundreds of people stranded in airports and train stations at christmas the travel ban also left more than 4000 lorries stranded for days in the british port of dover things got moving again only on thursday and hundreds of drivers are still waiting to cross the border but at one point tensions over the band led to scuffles with the police. a lot of people on the forecourt just to get in and say usenet facilities that toilets. with unfair status quo decide to close movies on and close it down to anybody using the toilets now when you're talking one public toilet screen. thousands of people in the town is going be a problem. sanitation side every day i am here and not showered
knocking on that i can't cook and clean and go to me and i have to change i mean like that was a nice meal and then i get going go to france but i don't think that the british government has imposed harsher covert restrictions across the u.k. to combat the surge in infections but journalist and broadcaster neil clark says that the british government has mismanaged the crisis causing unnecessary chaos the fact of the matter is that this so-called new strike was not about in september but we had scientists writing about it discussing it in september. and yet the health secretary only in the us is this just a few days before christmas why didn't he make an announcement about this in september why didn't they get up in september don't speak it up now so it evidently could get double what was going to happen and it's also to link up with the other main story will ever get to where the british government is trying to terrify is in iraqi w m d star about this terrible strain but of course our closest trading partners are
going to say wow you're sorry we're going to block flights going to stop people coming in from britain if what you say it's true the british government said it why should we have british people coming over to our countries and of course we got the chaos of the whole issue about the about the french blockade et cetera coming in so it really is a total disaster and disaster is the responsibility of the british government. mercy for mercenary sput whistleblowers can go whistle donald trump issue dozens of pardons this week but not for defenders of freedom of speech such as julian assange and edward snowden instead the outgoing u.s. president set off alarm bells at the u.n. on giving clemency to 4 former contractors of the blackwater private military company they were jailed for their involvement in the mass killing of civilians in iraq. i know.
there were dead bodies everywhere are losing the argument going badly with you people and so are among the dead bodies lying on the street those who are child. of 7 years old of. iraq's foreign ministry has condemned the decision saying that it didn't take into account the seriousness of the crime it also said that the move isn't in line with the commitment to human rights and justice declared by washington by dan said that it would urge the u.s. to reconsider the people of iraq also responded angrily to the part. when my i said that i did there is no justification iraqi blood has become per miscible and has no significance one day they will pay the price because iraqi blood does not spill
easily. good enough we hope that there will be justice god willing their blood will not just disappear and the iraqi government must act as soon as possible because the court of us is asleep the infamous black water company killed citizens a nice suit a square and today we hear they've been released on the personal routers of president truman it's like the u.s. doesn't care if the spilled a rocky blood we call on the united nations the international community and human rights organizations to intervene immediately and condemn these killers there has been widespread outrage about the trump administration's decision to grant clemency to some members of the blackwater military contracting company these were guards who were employed by blackwater who killed civilians in iraq paul slow evan liberty and dustin herd were convicted for manslaughter and the individual nicholas
slotting who opened fire and 1st started shooting into the crowd of iraqi civilians he was convicted of 1st degree murder but now the white house is letting all of them off they will no longer be in prison serving their sentences they have been pardoned this is the feeling of the white house about why they made this decision when the convoy attempted to establish a blockade outside the green zone the situation turned violent which resulted in the unfortunate deaths and injuries of iraqi civilians further prosecutors recently disclosed more than 10 years after the incident that the lead iraq investigator who prosecutors relied heavily on so very far that there were no exigent victims and to collect evidence may have had tunnies to insurgent groups himself now at this point there is widespread. outrage this seems like the trump administration is almost approving of the killing of iraqi civilians 2 children were among the 14 people in the crowd who died as
a result of their gun fire but at this point people are also looking at the fact that trump's education secretary betsy to vos is the sister of the founder of blackwater erik prince now there's also been a lot of outrage about who is not on the list of trump's pardons so the names that were missing that many were optimistic and hopeful about were julian a son john edward snowden these prominent whistleblowers had many people calling for the trump white house to grant them clemency among those who called for them were not just activists and advocates of civil liberties and for the protection of whistleblowers but also representatives of the united nations take a listen if president trump is true as well you don't think the least you could do is to end the suffering of duty response to pardon him this man has for be enough for the interest of the public and was donald trump since you're given pardons to people please consider pardoning those who at great personal sacrifice expose the
deception and criminality of those in the deep state now trump still has time to grant a pardon to edward snowden and to julian a son she can grant clemency up until the moment he leaves office to do it at the very very last minute however the number of people that were pardoned today and the information about who they are seems to have many pessimistic many of the activists supporting the whistleblowers feel like this indicates the trumpet ministration is moving in a very different direction with its clemency but she's thing with me this afternoon on anti international return with more news after a very short break. chemistry has also given us fulfilment in many ways by guaranteeing and abundant food supply if we look at our world today there are still famines but there are political
famines are caused by political problems are not caused by an inability to grow food and if we look at infectious diseases if you were in the middle of a pandemic now with a pandemic is killing less than one percent of the people that are in facts and in past times pandemics could kill 30 to 70 percent of the people that were infected so chemistry has given us much improved quality of life in many ways and then we have to ask well with these unintended consequences that are causing species go extinct that are causing environmental injustice is how can we make things better because certainly we can handle those things better than we have. joined me every day on the alex salmond show and i'll be speaking to us of the world of politics sport i'm show business i'll see you then.
welcome back home thursday in the u.k. and the european union reached a landmark trade deal after 4 years of wrangling the chief for exit and to describe the u.k. you divorces lose lose the prime minister barak's johnson was upbeat in his christmas address. this is the least. full of fish by the way and i believe it will be the basis of a happy and successful and stable partnership with our friends in the e.u. for years to come yet but. there is no winner and brax it's a lose lose situation to separate especially in the world as it is today the united kingdom has chosen to be solitary rather than stand together. or boris johnson's christmas wish may have come true it's been overshadowed by a tough year of cove it closed borders and economic woes skitt olympics of the story. it was almost as if he wanted to become
a me we have so much to look forward to in 2020 it's hard to pin down which one of 2020 stretches he meant the end as negotiations food shortages coronavirus close borders economic collapse felt like. sending it. sending a president who home grinch who stole christmas. yet i feel like christmas has been known and history you might be like remember it is the prime minister has. been so while it's about a man who wanted to be remembered as the one who got brecht's it done 4 years of preparation for a course he believed in thompson was set up for trial and he even promised back in january that it was often ready all but done we had ended a debate has run for 3 and a half years some would say 47 years i would even mention the name of the control
the scene. except to say that it begins with billions receding the past behind us well be rose from the past and a haunted chorus for 11 months that's how long it took to negotiate a deal a deal that has followed praxedis claims could be resolved over a cup of tea 11 months the brink of no deal a nation of disappointed impatient angry people but boris still gave himself a pat on the back we've taken back control of our laws and we've taken back control of every jot and tittle of regulation in a way that is complete and unfettered who's going to tell him then that this celebration might be a party for one. it sounds like the british team have dropped the ball before the line no wonder they want a christmas eve announcement to hide the fisheries sell out today amidst all the debates and details of the trade deal one fundamental truth remains that at the
time of global insecurity we're no longer part of one of history's greatest and most noble projects bring nations together to build peace out of the ruins of war. this is a disastrous bragg's it outcome for scottish farmer it's and like all other aspects of bracks it for students cortlandt against our will it wasn't just brussels that proved to be bogus on doing fresh from a caribbean holiday and still on a post-election high in the new year boris johnson didn't seem too concerned about a never heard of before virus his message was clear don't exaggerate when barry is going up. and when there is a risk that new diseases such as corona virus will trigger a panic while it was a pretty quick descent from fun to this.
but it's hard not to panic when the person who's supposed to be meeting you flip flops and utahns his way through a crisis to the point his own ministers don't know the rules so make it absolutely clear which is that it is. the guy who let me let i will absolutely get back to christmas would be cancelled actually christmas is off schools are reopening actually you know they're not we're lifting the knocked out actually stay at home little wonder then the confusion on exhaust peroration grew i'm a bit confused because you know it's like things are very very quick and we don't get that much information about what's going on and suddenly build a new school that we don't know what to do so nobody can use and they say take on you cannot who's devoted 48 hours like so confusing i don't even remember my
parents live. there we've been here so i am allowed to go to do but i don't know if i'm really about to be going through. q 4 to q 2 was it a case of bad timing for bojo was 2020 the year you just couldn't shine no matter what or was it the man himself who failed to meet one thing's for sure for boris johnson it's been not a hell of a year but rather a year from how. let's look at how the u.k. and e.u. will cooperate as of january the 1st there will be no tariffs on each of the goods there were no limits on trading you border checks have been agreed on to the u.k.'s pulled out of the long running of rasmus student exchange scheme between universities politicians will return to westminster to vote on the deal on december 30th shortly after the deal was announced scottish 1st minister nicolas sturgeon said britain had lost more than it again from briggs it and the now scotland has to
decide on its future is called an independent european nation meanwhile the deal is to get mixed feelings among scots and other brits. i think it makes sense to be because of a past couple of weeks so should be just so much hype and misinformation and media fatigue because it's been going for so long i hate breaks and i think it's a completely retrograde step i think that the feeling of being part of a multinational international. i word looking community i think has been thompson fantastic i didn't support bret so i didn't pull the brakes a i have really guides to not be part of you know petty boy it does make me nervous to think how am i going to get to visit the european cities and you know friends i have to live in spain and in france and other parts of europe it would have been a disaster if there had been no deal so very pleased that there is a deal this is i suppose some people a big christmas present it's just i think if i was really saved in this year i think we will see a return to the troubles or was it st louis. extremely disappointing. and naive and
shortsighted government as a for their own short sighted aims as a. such turmoil practice of the so you know this country is dreadful they're. very very sorry what's happened i think it's really. funny going off to these years but it sort of begs the question as to whether this arrangement is going to be better than the regime that you have to come before we left the european union. argentina officially approved russia splitting the job for emergencies on wednesday officials from both countries said that the vaccine will be distributed within days. you know . 300000 doses of vaccine are on argentinian territory these will be distributed in all of the provinces and we will work side by side was the leadership of when it's aries to start mass attacks a nation. or isn't do you helping urging tina which is one of the 1st countries in latin america to receive the russian drudging as we're seeing russia
a friend and as a friend for help there are a vaccine that helps to save the lives of millions of argentine. plane carrying argentina's 1st batch has already arrived in buenos aires on thursday to the supply grave in moscow will provide enough doses for up to 10000000 people earlier this month the argentine president expressed confidence in the russian vaccine saying he'd be the 1st to take. in argentina some raised doubts about the quality of russian science to clear everyone's downswings vs here in argentina i would be the 1st one to take that vaccine because i have no doubt about the quality of the vaccine community. members of the united states space force of finally been given a name a year after the late branch of the armed forces was created and you think after so much time top brass might have come up with something to the original.
unit 731 did everything from exploding bombs laced with anthrax next to prisoners who were tied to stakes in a field. we have evidence that they gave disease infected chocolates to children. i plead guilty to having exercised to direct guidance of preparations for conducting biological warfare chiefly against the soviet union. which biological bombs were to be dry.