tv BBC World News America PBS October 1, 2013 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT
in the world, all shot. as are other attractions. these veterans came to see the the worldroman to -- war ii memorial. >> it is stupid that they're closing it down. >> this is very disappointing. >> even the white house has sent 2/3 of its staff. the president made sure the military was paid. his wife's twitter account fell victim to the shutdown. aftergress, the morning the night before. the arguments continue with all the same bitterness. the republicans blame the president's party for refusing to delay his law. >> the government has big problems. the only way these problems are going to be resolved is if we keep theamicably and american people in mind and come to an agreement. >> as much harm as the shutdown
may be doing, there are worries about the crisis around the corner. what happens if the congress won't raise the debt ceiling. >> if we get to october 17 and we don't have a deal, that is economic armageddon. there is no policy response to it. >> there is no saying when the monuments will be open again but this latest crisis can only increase the nation's contempt for congress and its failure to function. more on the paralysis here in washington, i spoke a brief time ago with a man who served in 18 years in congress before the coming the agriculture secretary, a post he held during the last government shutdown. anybody looking at this from outside of washington wants to know why can't congress make a deal? >> from inside of washington, it has got the same impression. sometimes it feels like we are
greece or italy right now. we are the government that advertises that we are the bastion of democracy and this political system is having some difficulty. there are a lot of reasons for it. our political system was designed to be inefficient. >> it is sure working out, isn't it? works in a parliamentary system, your legislative and executive are the same. -- >> in a parliamentary system, your legislative and executive are the same. naturallyspeaking, we have problems. if you have no trust and leadership and if you have no teambuilding, and a lot of other factors at play. you get to where you are. >> what is going to create the pressure for a deal, do you think? >> i don't know. one would presume that if this shutdown continues, there would be very significant negative reaction from the public who might not be able to go to the
parks, it might be more serious. not getting full meat inspection. generally speaking, you will have a lower number of employees. the public will probably get upset. the polls will probably show that congress is even doing worse than what it has been doing in the past and i suspect the republicans will suffer more than the democrats than this one. the reality of the politics will get folks together again. >> do you see this going into the fight about the debt ceiling on october 17? >> it could. it would be hard for me to believe that it would last two and a half weeks. we have another crisis built-in, the debt ceiling. most members of congress on the democratic, even on the public , more are thoughtful centered conservative. the democrats are more central the pool. you have about 40 or 50 people that are being egged on by folks at home that represent a
smaller sliver and a much more conservative sliver of society. congressional societies are much more homogenous. when i was in congress, my district was pretty even between democrats and republicans and i had to play the middle. today, these districts are very homogenous. some of these members of congress only have to look out for their extreme right and they are not swing districts. that makes life difficult on them and for the institution. >> as a veteran of the last shutdown, what are the lessons to be learned? >> well, to avoid it in the first place. you can imagine what it does to the morale of people in government who are really hard working, doing their job, whether it is on food safety, education, you name it. the lesson as to how to avoid it. there really are no other
lessons. the other lesson is how do you system lessitical dysfunctional? the irony is today the stock market is up as we're talking. what does that mean? >> the market is pricing it in. >> they are either pricing it in or they believe it will get resolved. i hope it does. the debt ceiling is a much more serious place to get resolved then this issue. >> thank you so much for joining us. >> you are welcome, thank you for having me. >> the united states financial watchdog has awarded a record $14 million to a whistleblower who helped the investigation that recovered substantial investor funds for the commission. this is between 10 and 30%. the u.n. has called on spain to overturn a law that pardons crimes committed during the dictatorship of general franco. hundreds of thousands of people
disappeared during the spanish civil war. the killings remain unsolved because of an amnesty passed after franco's death. toldsraeli prime minister the u.n. general assembly that his country will never allow iran to develop nuclear weapons than me even if it has to act alone. he dismissed what he called the recent charm offensive of the new president. he described him as a wolf in sheep's clothing. our middle east editor reports from new york. prime minister's motorcade was relatively low- key. his message was not. he compared the rulers of iran to the nazis, claiming that the uranian's are developing nuclear weapons to give them the power to annihilate israel. to counteracts last week's charm offensive by iran's new offensive -- new
president, rouhani. deals here to negotiate a on the future of the nuclear program. >> the assembly will hear a statement by the inspection -- his excellency, benjamin netanyahu. >> the israeli prime minister said it would be easy to take aim at the previous iranian president who delighted in being the west of the demand. mr. net are not himr. netanyahue president stone change. >> difference between them is this, ahmadinejad was a wolf in is as clothing, rouhani wolf in sheep's clothing. >> he said, do not lift sanctions, tried diplomacy, but he renewed his threat to attack iran.
>> he will never acquiesce to nuclear arms in the hands of a rogue regime that repeatedly promises to wipe us off the map. a threat, israel will have no choice but to defend itself. >> uranian's boycotted his speech. afterwards, they came back to one that iran would defend itself if if attacked. -- the iranians boycotted his speech. they pointed out that israel already has weapons of mass destruction. >> he talked a lot about wmd's without mentioning that israel is the only one in the region that possesses all types of wmds. they are not a party to any treaty banning them. >> the next stage in the process started here at the u.n. is a meeting in geneva later this month at which iran is due to come up with its plan
for dealing with the problem of its nuclear program. of threats are a reminder why this thing needs to be settled peacefully. if it isn't, there is a real risk of another middle east war. trust therebetween -- distrust between israel and iran iran. in italy, there are signs that silvio berlusconi's attempt to bring down the coalition appears to be faltering. members of his party have rejected his call. this is ahead of a crucial vote in parliament. >> only yesterday, silvio berlusconi was in his usual flamboyant mood, carrying his girlfriend's dog into his residence. he had just pulled out his ministers from the governing coalition, threatening to bring down the italian government. tonight, that looks like a
humiliating miscalculation. where youthts, unemployment today moved above 40%, the mood with hostile towards more political turmoil. >> they don't care. they only do their own business. they are just fighting each other. >> i'm disgusted. totally disgusted. >> the prime minister accused silvio berlusconi of a crazy jester. he said that withdrawing support from the government had nothing to do with policy but was for personal reasons. later this week, there will be a vote as to whether to expel mr. berlusconi from parliament for tax fraud. they have called for a vote of confidence in their own leadership tomorrow. here is silvio berlusconi's residence. it became apparent he did not have the full backing of his own mp's. what started out as a threat to the survival of the coalition
government rapidly became a challenge to his own authority amongst his own supporters. >> as crowds gather outside of the premises office, many in mr. berlusconi's party began having doubts about bringing down the government. this afternoon, one of his ministers, who had resigned, was now seen at the window of the prime minister's office. moments later, one of his allies was suddenly discovered saying he wanted the government to continue. we are going to continue. as silvio berlusconi's residence tonight, a crisis meeting was held as some in his party were saying that more than 40 of his mps would defy him, a challenge to his authority. >> i think that he is blackmailing the country but he doesn't understand that he his politicalte and. >> it would be unwise to write
off silvio berlusconi. he is a great survivor. but tonight, his center right is split and the man with dominated italian politics is a weakened politician. >> the berlusconi saga. you are watching "bbc world is america," silva come -- clearing the contamination from the fukushima disaster. we will look at the huge task to which remains ahead. new picturessive of the devastation inside of nairobi's westgate mall, the scene of a siege by militants. the pictures appear to show the aftermath, damage, looting. >> cameras are still not allowed inside the west gate. we have obtained these new pictures that give a sense of
the terror shoppers faced that saturday afternoon as they fled through the core doors of the complex, pursued by armed attackers. shop owners have been allowed in to retrieve what is left of their merchandise. the destruction they found inside was not just to the aftermath of the battle, looters had been at work here also cleaning out shops, currency exchange offices come it even parking machines. some have blamed the looting on security forces. a committee of mps will try to establish whether the attack could have been prevented and whether the subsequent security operation was mishandled. a number of attackers probably used this sewage tunnel to make their way out of the shopping center and escape according to one security official that i spoke to was involved. he said some of them might already be in somalia. the red cross said 39 people are
still missing. mary worked in a computer shop in the westgate mall. her mother last heard from her that saturday morning. she has searched the hospitals and has drawn a blank. >> i am sick with worry, she says, i cannot even eat or work. the government says the only bodies buried in the rubble here are those of the five attackers. many are not convinced. they believe that the ruins have more seekers to diebold. -- have many more secrets to behold. >> the operator of japan's crippled fukushima nuclear plant said that for tons of rainwater each have been contaminated by radiation leak during a transfer in the holding area. this is the latest bad news following the earthquake and tsunami two years ago which sparked a major crisis at the
plant. we have covered the aftermath extensively. we have an in depth look. >> i was here the first reactor at fukushima exploded a year later, i moved here with my family. -- i was here when the first reactor at fukushima exploded. a year later, i moved here with my family. this is the age of the radioactive zone. allowed farther down the road unless they have one of these special passes. i would like to know, is it possible to fully recover from a disaster like fukushima? is it possible to make sure it never happens again? nothing about fukushima straightforward. no one died here.
is still high. sits five miles from the plant. they called this japan's chernobyl. two days after the first reactor exploded, it's 20,000 residents were told to get in their cars and leave. this was one of them. he takes me to see the house that his family lived in for 150 years. he tells me his family is scattered right across japan. inside, he shows me where he and his father used to have sauce. -- family escaped unsafe unscathed. 11, their life0
here ended. you could see that it did a lot of damage. we could have started cleaning up the next day. then came the plant explosion and we were told to flee. we are still refugees. we have no idea whether our business will ever start again. brought us a few kilometers from his house. the levels here are much much higher. the reading was about .05. , you can see it is 13.2. you put this down on the ground, the level goes up to around 154. want to stay here any more time than we have to.
i think we have to go. >> it is quite easy to get panicked by such readings. and noon has no smell taste. at theg here looking plant, it is easy to understand why many now don't want to come back here. especially those that have children. is quitethe radiation high, it is not high enough to be in immediate threat to my health. it would be like smoking cigarettes. if i smoke one pack it, it is not going to increase my chances of getting cancer over my whole lifetime. i smoke it every day, it certainly will. to bring the radiation levels down, the land must be cleaned. over a hugeive task area.
this house, 20 miles from the plant, they are now removing topsoil, trees, plants, anything that is radioactive. they are covering it over with sand. the radiation level at this particular spot was 3497 counts per minute which is high. this is dangerous. night digging up the soil and covering it with sand, they have brought it down to about 400 which is much lower and much safer. fact, only a tiny fraction of the contamination will ever be cleared. already, it is creating another big headache. deep in the mountains, i was taken to see this temporary dump. it is astonishing to me to think that all of this will
still be radioactive long after my great great great grandchildren have come and gone. but will those future generations ever see something like this again? the japanese government own expert confesses this was not a natural disaster. therethe fukushima case, are research paper suggesting that this could have happened but unfortunately it was dismissed. >> after chernobyl, we were promised clearly that a similar accident could never happen. >> we have to tell the public this is the worst case. if we tell them, don't build the reactor near here. if you want to continue to build the power plant, you have to keep telling the public that the reactor will be safe. >> but that is a myth.
>> now it is gone. >> when the synonymy swept in shockingrevealed the complacency of japan's nuclear industry. it had assumed a tsunami on the scale would not happen within the lifetime of the fukushima plants and so it simply did not bother to prepare. if such complacency can happen can in japan, then it almost certainly happen elsewhere. radiation at fukushima. that brings today's broadcast to a close. thank you for watching. please, tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news.
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federal government shutdown. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. there were few signs of a solution to the stalemate on capitol hill, but there was a flood of traffic to the government's new healthcare site. >> woodruff: on day one of the insurance exchanges, paul solman reports from massachusetts, which has had years of experience with them. >> it's the model for the state exchanges being set up under the affordable care act. some quarter of a million people now get insurance from nine private companies. >> ifill: plus, ray suarez sits down with entertainment legend rita moreno as she looks back at the challenge of her first days as a performer. >> i wore too much makeup, and i did all of that "conchita lolita" stuff. you know, i wore very tight dresses and then would be offended when... when men would make remarks about me. >> woodruff: those are just some of the stories we're covering on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:
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thank you. >> woodruff: our lead story tonight: much of the federal government was dark after congress failed to agree on a stopgap funding bill. republicans refused to budge on their demands to delay parts of the president's health care law. democrats remained adamantly opposed to those demands. newshour congressional correspondent kwame holman begins our coverage. >> reporter: the effects of the shutdown were widespread and immediate. in washington this morning, the lincoln memorial, overseen by the national park service, was closed to visitors. >> at this point, we don't know how long this is going to go on for. >> reporter: park service spokesman mike litterst lamented that the pain of a shutdown will be felt by many. >> we're not talking about the inconvenience of a... of a few hundred people here and there. there are tens of thousands of people whose vacation plans and visits to these historic and
national sites are being impacted. 715,000 people a day in the month of october would be expected to visit national parks, and again the ripple effect goes out into the surrounding communities to the tune of $76 million. >> reporter: among those turned away: a tour bus full of retirees on a 13-state trip. >> it ruined the trip for everybody on the bus, you know, and these trips we look forward to. >> i'm 75, and i probably won't be back, so this is really a disappointment. and it just makes me sad. >> reporter: across the country, all 401 national park service sites were shuttered, from the statue of liberty in new york to muir woods a few miles north of san francisco. >> it's just a national monument that we're not able to see, and it's just disappointing.