Includes bibliographical references (pages 205-220) and indexes
1. Today's standardized admissions tests : how did they come to be? -- 2. The big picture : how are standardized tests used in admissions decisions? -- 3. Conventional and computerized admissions tests : how are they developed and scored? -- 4. Test validity : how well do admissions tests measure academic skills and predict achievement? -- 5. Are standardized admissions tests fair to people of color? -- 6. Are standardized admissions test fair to women? -- 7. Gaming the tests : how do coaching and cheating affect test performance? -- 8. New directions for admissions testing : what does the future hold?