This study examines the effects of different election manipulation strategies on citizens' support of the regime and feelings of legitimacy.
Incumbent leaders have a wide range of tools with which to rig elections at their disposal. This study examines the consequences of different manipulation tools on citizens' regime support and regime legitimacy. This study focuses on ballot-stuffing, voter intimidation, and vote-buying.
Drawing on social psychological theories of procedural Justice, it differentiates between manipulation tools by whether they violate "voice". It focuses on fraud (here, ballot stuffing) and two types of voter pressure (voter intimidation and vote-buying).
This study tests three hypotheses in a survey experiment in Russia on the recent public vote on constitutional amendments. Following a series of questions on demographic factors, political interest, partisanship, and economic evaluations, respondents are randomly distributed to either a control group (baseline condition) or one of three treatment conditions.